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Latest medical technology

Bhawna Dhruv, Neetu Mittal, Megha Modi
Medical field has highly evolved with advancements in the technologies which prove to be beneficial for radiologists and patients for better diagnosis. The era of medical science provides best healthcare solutions with the help of medical images. Till now, 2D MRIs played a prominent role in early detection of disease but with latest technologies taking over the charge, 3D MRIs are highly effective and great in demand now-a-days. With the aid of advanced techniques such as edge detection, segmentation and texture analysis on these images the disease detection may become much easier...
October 12, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
Roohi Jeelani, Gretchen G Collins, Angeline Beltsos, William G Kearns
Conferences serve an essential means of learning and staying up to date in all aspects of medicine. Reproductive endocrinology and infertility is a young and constantly evolving field. The Midwest Reproductive Symposium International (MRSi) is a yearly conference held in Chicago, IL, and is one of the most intimate yet influential conferences in the fertility world. This conference is geared towards all professions and roles in the fertility world such as physicians, geneticists, nurses, allied health professionals, basic scientists, mental health professionals, business administration professionals, reproductive endocrinology and infertility fellows, and obstetrics and gynecology residents alike...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Pankaj Chandak, Nicholas Byrne, Andrew Coleman, Narayan Karunanithy, Jim Carmichael, Stephen D Marks, Jelena Stojanovic, Nicos Kessaris, Nizam Mamode
OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated a novel application of patient-specific three-dimensional (3D) printing, to enhance preoperative, multidisciplinary planning in complex, living-donor pediatric renal transplantation. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: For children with end-stage kidney disease, the transplantation of adult-sized, living-donor kidneys into small recipients (<20 kg) with increasingly complex structural anomalies can be difficult. Establishing the operative feasibility in such cases demands a surgical understanding of anatomy to be derived from medical imaging...
September 20, 2018: Annals of Surgery
Qiusha Min, Zhifeng Wang, Neng Liu
Despite the fact that a large number of web applications are used in the medical community, there are still certain technological challenges that need to be addressed, for example, browser plug-ins and efficient 3D visualization. These problems make it necessary for a specific browser plug-in to be preinstalled on the client side when launching applications. Otherwise, the applications fail to run due to the lack of the required software. This paper presents the latest techniques in hypertext markup language 5 (HTML5) and web graphics library (WebGL) for solving these problems and an evaluation of the suitability of the combination of HTML5 and WebGL for the development of web-based medical imaging applications...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Omar S Ahmad, Thomas S Bedwell, Cem Esen, Alvaro Garcia-Cruz, Sergey A Piletsky
Molecular imprinting is the process of template-induced formation of specific recognition sites in a polymer. Synthetic receptors prepared using molecular imprinting possess a unique combination of properties such as robustness, high affinity, specificity, and low-cost production, which makes them attractive alternatives to natural receptors. Improvements in polymer science and nanotechnology have contributed to enhanced performance of molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) sensors. Encouragingly, recent years have seen an increase in high-quality publications describing MIP sensors for the determination of biomolecules, drugs of abuse, and explosives, driving toward applications of this technology in medical and forensic diagnostics...
September 18, 2018: Trends in Biotechnology
Vaia Florou, Antonio G Nascimento, Ashish Gulia, Gilberto de Lima Lopes
Sarcomas, rare and heterogenous malignancies that comprise less than 1% of all cancers, have poor outcomes in the metastatic and refractory setting. Their management requires a multidisciplinary approach that consists of medical and surgical oncologists, radiation oncologists, and pathologists as well as ancillary support. In addition to systemic treatments, most patients will require surgical resection and radiation therapy, which mandates the use of the latest technologies and specialized expertise. Management guidelines have been developed in high-income countries, but their applicability in low-income countries, where resources may be limited, remains a challenge...
May 23, 2018: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
S Joseph Sirintrapun, Ana Maria Lopez
Telemedicine uses telecommunications technology as a tool to deliver health care to populations with limited access to care. Telemedicine has been tested in multiple clinical settings, demonstrating at least equivalency to in-person care and high levels of patient and health professional satisfaction. Teleoncology has been demonstrated to improve access to care and decrease health care costs. Teleconsultations may take place in a synchronous, asynchronous, or blended format. Examples of successful teleoncology applications include cancer telegenetics, bundling of cancer-related teleapplications, remote chemotherapy supervision, symptom management, survivorship care, palliative care, and approaches to increase access to cancer clinical trials...
May 23, 2018: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
Ahmad Mobed, Mohammad Hasanzadeh, Mohammad Agazadeh, Ahad Mokhtarzadeh, Mohammad Ahangarzadeh Rezaee, Javid Sadeghi
Fastidious bacteria are group of bacteria that not only grow slowly but also have complex nutritional needs. In this review, recent progress made on development of biosensing strategies towards quantification of Legionella pneumophila as fastidious bacteria in microbiology was investigated. In coincidence with medical bacteriology, it is the most widely used bio-monitoring, biosensors based on DNA and antibody. Also, all of legionella pneumophila genosensors and immunosensors that developed in recent years were collected analyzed...
September 13, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Mario Rothbauer, Julie M Rosser, Helene Zirath, Peter Ertl
Organ-on-a-chip technology offers the potential to recapitulate human physiology by keeping human cells in a precisely controlled and artificial tissue-like microenvironment. The current and potential advantages of organs-on-chips over conventional cell cultures systems and animal models have captured the attention of scientists, clinicians and policymakers as well as advocacy groups in the past few years. Recent advances in tissue engineering and stem cell research are also aiding the development of clinically relevant chip-based organ and diseases models with organ level physiology for drug screening, biomedical research and personalized medicine...
September 3, 2018: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
Gilles Sebastiaan van Tienderen, Marius Berthel, Zhilian Yue, Mark Cook, Xiao Liu, Stephen Beirne, Gordon G Wallace
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is a chronic brain disease characterized by unprovoked seizures, which can have severe consequences including loss of awareness and death. Currently, 30% of epileptic patients do not receive adequate seizure alleviation from oral routes of medication. Over the last decade, local drug delivery to the focal area of the brain where the seizure originates has emerged as a potential alternative and may be achieved through the fabrication of drug-loaded polymeric implants for controlled on-site delivery...
September 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Rosario Mendoza, Teresa Jáuregui, Maria Diaz-Nuñez, Mariana de la Sota, Alaitz Hidalgo, Marcos Ferrando, Lorea Martínez-Indart, Antonia Expósito, Roberto Matorras
Background: The number of multiple pregnancies has been significantly increased in the last decades due to assisted reproduction techniques development. Compared to singleton, twins and multiple pregnancies are associated to more complications and risks for both mother and children. The objective of this study was to examine the proportion of patients preferring a multiple birth over a singleton after an IVF/ICSI attempt, their reasons and the influence of socio-demographic and clinical parameters on their preference...
July 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Kathleen L Lak, Matthew I Goldblatt
Selection of mesh for ventral hernia repair and abdominal wall reconstruction can be challenging. Since the adoption of a tension-free mesh repair, the recurrence rates and outcomes after ventral hernia repair have substantially improved. The market for medical prostheses is constantly changing, with new technology in development attempting to create the ideal mesh for each clinical scenario. Permanent mesh is typically used for clean wounds. The various mesh materials, density, and pore sizes are discussed...
September 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Patricia A Carney, George C Mejicano, Tracy Bumsted, Mark Quirk
BACKGROUND: Medical education is a dynamic process that will continuously evolve to respond to changes in the foundations of medicine, the clinical practice of medicine and in health systems science. PURPOSE: In this paper, we review how assessing learning in such a dynamic environment requires comprehensive flexible and adaptable methodological approaches designed to assess knowledge attainment and transfer, clinical skills/competency development, and ethical/professional behavior...
August 2018: Medical Teacher
Peter Savadjiev, Jaron Chong, Anthony Dohan, Maria Vakalopoulou, Caroline Reinhold, Nikos Paragios, Benoit Gallix
The recent explosion of 'big data' has ushered in a new era of artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms in every sphere of technological activity, including medicine, and in particular radiology. However, the recent success of AI in certain flagship applications has, to some extent, masked decades-long advances in computational technology development for medical image analysis. In this article, we provide an overview of the history of AI methods for radiological image analysis in order to provide a context for the latest developments...
August 13, 2018: European Radiology
Zeena Al Dujaili, Cheryl Karcher, Michelle Henry, Neil Sadick
The advances in understanding the pathophysiology and anatomy of adipose tissue together with the emergence of technological innovations in procedures and devices for fat reduction have led to a dramatic rise in patient demand for this procedure. The objective of this continuing medical education series, which is intended for the novice or experienced dermatologist, is to provide an update of the pathophysiology and anatomic considerations of adipose tissue, and detail the liposuction procedure, from patient selection/management to the latest developments in liposuction devices...
August 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Angela Builes-Aguilar, Jose L Diaz-Gomez, Federico Bilotta
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We summarize the latest evidence in neuroanesthesia and neurocritical care (NCC) training. In addition, we describe the newer advancements that clinical educators face in these subspecialties. Lastly, we highlight educational approaches that may lead to an enhanced learning experience and development of necessary skills for neurosciences trainees. RECENT FINDINGS: Current neuroanesthesia and NCC training requires acquisition of specific skills for increasing complex surgical cases, specialized neurosurgical practice and new perioperative technologies...
October 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Kamarul A Abdullah, Warren Reed
Three-dimensional (3D) printing technology has demonstrated a huge potential for the future of medicine. Since its introduction, it has been used in various areas, for example building anatomical models, personalising medical devices and implants, aiding in precision medical interventions and the latest development, 3D bioprinting. This commentary is provided to outline the current use of 3D printing in medical imaging and its future directions for advancing the healthcare services.
September 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Min Wu, Jian Shu
Molecular imaging has emerged at the end of the last century as an interdisciplinary method involving in vivo imaging and molecular biology aiming at identifying living biological processes at a cellular and molecular level in a noninvasive manner. It has a profound role in determining disease changes and facilitating drug research and development, thus creating new medical modalities to monitor human health. At present, a variety of different molecular imaging techniques have their advantages, disadvantages, and limitations...
2018: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
Janice Gabriel
Subcutaneous administration of medications is a well-recognised route for delivering prescribed therapies, in particular analgesia for patients requiring palliative care. Technological advancements in infusion devices and dressings can result in well-tolerated and effective methods for continuous infusions for this group of individuals. This article discusses how technological developments are resulting in subcutaneous access devices that are easy to insert and can meet the needs of a growing patient population, as well as complying with the latest guidelines on sharps safety...
June 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
Anubhav Bussooa, Steven Neale, John R Mercer
Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death in Western society. Recent technological advances have opened the opportunity of developing new and innovative smart stent devices that have advanced electrical properties that can improve diagnosis and even treatment of previously intractable conditions, such as central line access failure, atherosclerosis and reporting on vascular grafts for renal dialysis. Here we review the latest advances in the field of cardiovascular medical implants, providing a broad overview of the application of their use in the context of cardiovascular disease rather than an in-depth analysis of the current state of the art...
June 22, 2018: Sensors
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