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Age more than 16

Ali A Asadi-Pooya, Raidah AlBaradie, Tyson Sawchuk, Zahra Bahrami, Abeer Al Amer, Jeffrey Buchhalter
PURPOSE: We compared various clinical characteristics of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) between young patients from Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Canada, three nations with significantly different socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. This international cross-cultural comparative study may advance our knowledge and understanding of PNES in children and adolescents across the cultures and borders. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we investigated all patients 16 years of age or younger, with PNES admitted to the epilepsy monitoring units at one center in Iran, one center in Saudi Arabia, and one center in Canada...
December 2, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Ralph Antonio Xavier Ferreira, Claire Fernandes Kubelka, Luis Guillermo Coca Velarde, Jorge Paulo Strogoff de Matos, Laura Cunha Ferreira, Mariana Mancebo Reid, Sérgio Setúbal, Solange Artimos de Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Dengue is one of the most important mosquito-borne infections. Severe cases are more frequently observed in adults. However, in 2008, the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, experienced a severe dengue epidemic that primarily affected children and caused many cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and death. METHODS: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted to examine laboratory diagnosis and clinical epidemiologic factors for confirmed dengue cases in patients aged less than 16 years, from January to June 2008, at a municipal hospital in the City of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
November 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Stephanie Castro-Arechaga, Lucia Ronceros-Salas, Sthefanny Vega-Centeno, Mariela Moreno, Alonso Soto
OBJECTIVE: To know the five-year survival and its associated factors in patients with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) in Peru. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort of patients with ALL treated with chemotherapy in a Peruvian hospital for 13 years was studied. The dependent variables were overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Possible factors that might be associated with diagnosis and response to treatment were evaluated using the Cox proportional risk method...
July 2018: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
Flávia Carvalho Malta Mello, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Maria Goreth Santos, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this paper was to compare the tendency of bullying across Brazilian capitals, considering the editions of National Scholl Health Survey (PeNSE) 2009, 2012 and 2015, and to describe the prevalence of bullying by sex, age and administrative dependence of the school in the 2015 sample. METHODOLOGY: The prevalence of bullying and its 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were assessed per State capital and for all capitals. 95%CI was used to check for differences in the period...
November 29, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
Sonja Kumlander, Oskari Lahtinen, Tiina Turunen, Christina Salmivalli
INTRODUCTION: Self-compassion refers to a non-evaluative, interconnected and mindful attitude towards oneself especially when facing difficulties or feelings of personal inadequacies. The Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) is a frequently used instrument designed to measure self-compassion either by using the six subscale scores, or by calculating a total score, averaged across all 26 items. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the factor structure of the Self-Compassion Scale, and in particular, whether the widely used six-factor model and the unidimensional model can be confirmed...
2018: PloS One
Krish C Dewan, Karan S Dewan, Jay J Idrees, Suparna M Navale, Brad F Rosinski, Lars G Svensson, A Marc Gillinov, Douglas R Johnston, Faisal Bakaeen, Edward G Soltesz
Importance: Persistent opioid use is currently a major health care crisis. There is a lack of knowledge regarding its prevalence and effect among patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Objective: To characterize the national population of cardiac surgery patients with opioid use disorder (OUD) and compare outcomes with the cardiac surgery population without OUD. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective population-based cohort study, more than 5...
December 5, 2018: JAMA Surgery
Kaja E Kjørholt, Søren P Johnsen, Nickolaj R Kristensen, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Alma B Pedersen
We aimed to examine trends in the incidence of treated infections following hip fracture surgery in Denmark from 2005 to 2016. We conducted a nationwide cohort study using individual-level linked data from Danish population-based registries. We calculated cumulative incidence considering death as competing risk and, based on the pseudo-observation method, risk ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence interval (CI) using the period 2005-2006 as a reference. RRs were adjusted for age, sex, and comorbidity. A total of 74,771 patients aged 65 years or older with first-time hip fracture surgery were included...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Miriam Sanderson, Marc Chikhani, Esme Blyth, Sally Wood, Iain K Moppett, Tricia McKeever, Mark Jr Simmonds
Background: Sepsis represents a significant public health burden, costing the NHS £2.5 billion annually, with 35% mortality in 2006. The aim of this exploratory study was to investigate risk factors predictive of 30-day mortality amongst patients with sepsis in Nottingham. Methods: Data were collected prospectively from adult patients with sepsis in Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust as part of an on-going quality improvement project between November 2011 and March 2014...
November 2018: Journal of the Intensive Care Society
Hongjuan Liu, Huanfen Zhou, Junqing Wang, Quangang Xu, Shihui Wei
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the status of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies (MOG-IgG) in chronic relapsing inflammatory optic neuropathy (CRION) and investigate its different clinical characteristics and prognosis. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with CRION were recruited by the Neuro-ophthalmology Department of the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital from December 2015 to April 2017. Based on antibody status, they were assigned to either the MOG-CRION or seronegative-CRION groups...
December 4, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Paul Bonnevialle, Pierre-Sylvain Marcheix, Xavier Nicolau, Marine Arboucalot, Marie Lebaron, Christophe Chantelot, Didier Mainard, Matthieu Ehlinger
INTRODUCTION: Interprosthetic femoral fractures (IFF) are becoming more frequent; however they have not been the subject of many publications and the largest study on this topic includes only 30 cases. The complication rate and clinical outcomes have only been evaluated in small case series. This led us to conduct a retrospective, multicenter, observational study in IFF patients with at least 12 months' follow-up to (1) determine the mortality and morbidity (2) determine the clinical and radiological outcomes and (3) identify elements of the treatment indications...
December 1, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Raed M Ali, Andrew England, Claire E Mercer, Andrew Tootell, Peter Hogg
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to use the initial mean glandular dose (MGD) arising from the first screening mammogram to estimate the individual total screening lifetime effective risk. METHODS: Organ doses from full-field digital mammography (FFDM) screening exposures (craniocaudal and mediolateral oblique for each breast) were measured using a simulated approach, with average breast thickness and adult ATOM phantoms, on 16 FFDM machines. Doses were measured using thermoluminescent dosimeters accommodated inside the ATOM phantom; examined breast MGD was calculated...
December 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences
Frances C Sherratt, Louise Roper, Simon R Stones, Flora McErlane, Matthew Peak, Michael W Beresford, Helen Foster, Athimalaipet V Ramanan, Madeleine Rooney, Eileen Baildam, Bridget Young
BACKGROUND: Patient recruitment can be very challenging in paediatric studies, especially in relatively uncommon conditions, such as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). However, involving children and young people (CYP) in the design of such trials could promise a more rapid trajectory towards making evidence-based treatments available. Studies involving CYP are advocated in the literature but we are not aware of any early stage feasibility studies that have qualitatively accessed the perspectives of parents and CYP with a long term condition to inform design and conduct of a trial...
December 4, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Li-Tai Ma, Yi Yang, Hao Liu, Bei-Yu Wang, Yu-Xiao Deng, Chen Ding, Quan Gong, Tao Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore a method of modified incision to prevent the postoperative spinal lateral angulation via anterior approach for lumbar fracture. METHODS: A total 40 patients with lumbar fracture from January 2016 to Jun 2017 were internalized in the study. Including 28 males and 12 females, aged from 27 to 68 years with an average of (39.5±14.9) years. Among them, 28 cases caused by high fall, 9 cases by heavy injury, 3 cases by traffic accidents; and 35 fractures were located at L₁,4 at L₂,1 at L₃...
November 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Hong-Li Deng, Wen-Jie Gao, Jin-Wen Zhu, Xiao-Dong Wang, Jin-Song Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the early clinical effects of transforaminal endoscopic spine system (TESSYS) for the treatment of bilateral lumbar disc herniation in single segment. METHODS: The clinical data of 38 patients with single-segment bilateral lumbar disc herniation treated by TESSYS technique from February 2016 to February 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 26 males and 12 females, aged from 30 to 55 years old with an average of(35.2±6.4) years, 6 cases of L₃,₄, 22 cases of L₄,₅, and 10 cases of L₅S₁1...
November 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Gema Torres-Luque, Raquel Hernández-García, Enrique Ortega-Toro, Pantelis T Nikolaidis
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of place of residence on physical fitness and adherence to Mediterranean Diet (AMD) in 3⁻5-year-old children, i.e., whether those who live in urban areas differ than those in rural and whether any difference varied by age. Participants were 363 preschoolers (age 3⁻5 years old), who performed a series of anthropometric, physical fitness tests and measured their nutritional habits through a 16-item Mediterranean Diet (KIDMED) questionnaire. The main findings of the present study were that (a) boys had better performance in ball bouncing, Medicine Ball Throw Test (MBTT), 25 m sprint, Standing Broad Jump (SBJ), crawling, and shuttle run test (SRT) than girls, and the magnitude of these differences was small; (b) preschoolers in urban residence were taller than those in rural and had better performance in SRT; (c) older preschoolers had larger anthropometric characteristics and better performance than younger preschoolers; (d) the magnitude of the effect of age was larger than the effect of residence; and (e) good AMD was more prevalent in boys than in girls and in 3-year-old participants than in their older peers, but was not related to place of residence...
December 1, 2018: Nutrients
Xue-Ying Cao, Ya-Ni He, Jian-Hui Zhou, Shi-Ren Sun, Li-Ning Miao, Wen Chen, Jing-Ai Fang, Ming Wang, Nian-Song Wang, Hong-Li Lin, Jian Liu, Zhao-Hui Ni, Wen-Hu Liu, Yu Na, Jiu-Yang Zhao, Zhi-Yong Guo, Hong-Guang Zheng, Wei Shi, Geng-Ru Jiang, Guang-Yan Cai, Xiang-Mei Chen
Background: Automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) can cater to individual needs, provide treatment while asleep, take into account the adequacy of dialysis, and improve the quality of life. Currently, independent research and development of APD machines made in China are more conducive to patients. A randomized, multicenter, crossover study was conducted by comparing an APD machine made in China with an imported machine. The safety, effectiveness, and manipulability of the two machines were compared...
December 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Avneesh Chhabra, Oganes Ashikyan, Chenelle Slepicka, Nathan Dettori, Helena Hwang, Alexandra Callan, Rohit R Sharma, Yin Xi
AIM: To evaluate proven soft tissue musculoskeletal malignancies blinded to their Fédération Nationale des Centres de Lutte Contre le Cancer histologic grades to identify the predictive values of conventional MR findings and best fit region of interest (ROI) apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one consecutive patients with different histologic grades were evaluated by four readers (R1-4) of different experience levels...
December 3, 2018: European Radiology
Sandhya Matthes, Jakob Stadler, Jürgen Barton, Gabriela Leuschner, Dieter Munker, Paola Arnold, Heidrun Villena-Hermoza, Marion Frankenberger, Philipp Probst, Andrea Koch, Nikolaus Kneidinger, Katrin Milger, Jürgen Behr, Claus Neurohr
AIM: Biological therapies developed for severe asthma may have a role in COPD patients with asthma features. METHOD: We carried out a prospective, consecutive, cross-sectional analysis of 80 patients with severe COPD GOLD IV/D. RESULTS: We studied 80 patients (48.8% female), aged 57.6 ± 5.1 years, ex-smokers with 35.7 ± 21.2 pack years, BMI 22.3 ± 3.5 kg/m2 , FEV1 of 0.61 ± 0.2 L (21.1 ± 5.6% pred), pO2 52.4 ± 8...
December 2018: Respiratory Medicine
Yongmei Liu, Peiling Zhao, Mingliang Cheng, Lei Yu, Zhuo Cheng, Linda Fan, Chi Chen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have revealed that triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio (henceforth TG/HDL-C) is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance and metabolism syndrome. However, there are fewer investigations of the correlations between the aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ratio and brachial ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). This study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between the AST to ALT ratio and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) in a Japanese population...
December 3, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
Rebecca Seah, Reidar P Lystad, Kate Curtis, Rebecca Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Childhood injury remains a significant public health problem responsible for significant morbidity and mortality. However, injury has been found to increase with socioeconomic disadvantage for some injuries. The current study examines the 10-year epidemiological profile of injury hospitalisations of children ≤16 years by socioeconomic status for different age group and select types of injury. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of injury hospitalisations of children aged ≤16 years using linked hospitalisation and mortality records during 1 July 2002 to 30 June 2012 was conducted...
December 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
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