keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ceramide

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782002/quantitative-and-qualitative-method-for-sphingomyelin-by-lc-ms-using-two-stable-isotopically-labeled-sphingomyelin-species
#1
Kotaro Hama, Yuko Fujiwara, Kazuaki Yokoyama
We present a method of analyzing sphingomyelin (SM) qualitatively and quantitatively by liquid chromatography-electrospray Ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS). SM is a common sphingolipid composed of a phosphorylcholine and a ceramide as the hydrophilic and hydrophobic component, respectively. A number of SM species are present in mammalian cells due to a variety in the sphingoid long chain base (LCB) and an N-acyl moiety in the ceramide. In this report, we show a method of estimating the number of carbon and double bonds in a LCB and an N-acyl moiety based on their corresponding product ions in MS/MS/MS (MS3 ) experiments...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777715/association-between-plasma-ceramides-and-inducible-myocardial-ischemia-in-patients-with-established-or-suspected-coronary-artery-disease-undergoing-myocardial-perfusion-scintigraphy
#2
Alessandro Mantovani, Stefano Bonapace, Gianluigi Lunardi, Matteo Salgarello, Clementina Dugo, Guido Canali, Christopher D Byrne, Stefania Gori, Enrico Barbieri, Giovanni Targher
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that specific plasma ceramides are independently associated with major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), but it is currently unknown whether plasma ceramide levels are associated with stress-induced reversible myocardial ischemia. METHODS: We measured six previously identified high-risk plasma ceramide molecules [Cer(d18:1/16:0), Cer(d18:1/18:0), Cer(d18:1/20:0), Cer(d18:1/22:0), Cer(d18:1/24:0), and Cer(d18:1/24:1)] in 167 consecutive patients with established or suspected CAD who underwent either exercise or dypiridamole myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) for various clinical indications...
May 16, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774054/beta-adrenoceptor-blockade-ameliorates-impaired-glucose-tolerance-and-alterations-of-the-cerebral-ceramide-metabolism-in-an-experimental-model-of-ischemic-stroke
#3
Sebastian Luger, Annette Schwebler, Rajkumar Vutukuri, Nerea Ferreiros Bouzas, Sandra Labocha, Yannick Schreiber, Robert Brunkhorst, Helmuth Steinmetz, Josef Pfeilschifter, Waltraud Pfeilschifter
Background: Sphingolipids are versatile signaling molecules derived from membrane lipids of eukaryotic cells. Ceramides regulate cellular processes such as proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis and are involved in cellular stress responses. Experimental evidence suggests a pivotal role of sphingolipids in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases, including ischemic stroke. A neuroprotective effect has been shown for beta-adrenergic antagonists in rodent stroke models and supported by observational clinical data...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773994/biological-roles-of-aberrantly-expressed-glycosphingolipids-and-related-enzymes-in-human-cancer-development-and-progression
#4
REVIEW
Dinghao Zhuo, Xiang Li, Feng Guan
Glycosphingolipids (GSLs), which consist of a hydrophobic ceramide backbone and a hydrophilic carbohydrate residue, are an important type of glycolipid expressed in surface membranes of all animal cells. GSLs play essential roles in maintenance of plasma membrane stability, in regulation of numerous cellular processes (including adhesion, proliferation, apoptosis, and recognition), and in modulation of signal transduction pathways. GSLs have traditionally been classified as ganglio-series, lacto-series, or globo-series on the basis of their diverse types of oligosaccharide chains...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769046/%C3%AE-tocotrienol-induces-apoptosis-in-pancreatic-cancer-cells-by-upregulation-of-ceramide-synthesis-and-modulation-of-sphingolipid-transport
#5
Victoria E Palau, Kanishka Chakraborty, Daniel Wann, Janet Lightner, Keely Hilton, Marianne Brannon, William Stone, Koyamangalath Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Ceramide synthesis and metabolism is a promising target in cancer drug development. γ-tocotrienol (GT3), a member of the vitamin E family, orchestrates multiple effects that ensure the induction of apoptosis in both, wild-type and RAS-mutated pancreatic cancer cells. Here, we investigated whether these effects involve changes in ceramide synthesis and transport. METHODS: The effects of GT3 on the synthesis of ceramide via the de novo pathway, and the hydrolysis of sphingomyelin were analyzed by the expression levels of the enzymes serine palmitoyl transferase, ceramide synthase-6, and dihydroceramide desaturase, and acid sphingomyelinase in wild-type RAS BxPC3, and RAS-mutated MIA PaCa-2 and Panc 1 pancreatic cancer cells...
May 16, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768040/myristate-induced-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-requires-ceramide-synthases-5-6-and-generation-of-c14-ceramide-in-intestinal-epithelial-cells
#6
Songhwa Choi, Justin M Snider, Nicole Olakkengil, Johana M Lambert, Andrea K Anderson, Jessica S Ross-Evans, L Ashley Cowart, Ashley J Snider
Saturated fatty acids (SFAs) have been shown to induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and chronic inflammatory responses, as well as alter sphingolipid metabolism. Disruptions in ER stress and sphingolipid metabolism have also been implicated in intestinal inflammation. Therefore, to elucidate the roles of SFAs in ER stress and inflammation in intestinal epithelial cells, we examined myristate (C14:0) and palmitate (C16:0). Myristate, but not palmitate, induced ER stress signaling, including activation of inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1) and X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1) signaling...
May 16, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766830/impact-of-sphingolipid-mediators-on-determination-of-cochlear-survival-in-ototoxicity
#7
Keiji Tabuchi, Akira Hara
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sphingolipid metabolites, including ceramide, sphingosine, and their phosphorylates (ceramide-1-phosphonate [C1P] and sphingosine-1-phosphate [S1P]), regulate diverse cellular processes including apoptosis, the cell cycle, and cellular differentiation. Recent studies have shown that these sphingolipid metabolites are generated in response to ototoxic agents and play important roles in determining the fate of cochlear hair cells in ototoxic injury. METHODS: This review summarizes the current knowledge on the roles of sphingolipid mediators in cochlear ototoxicity...
May 15, 2018: Current Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764947/biological-roles-played-by-sphingolipids-in-dimorphic-and-filamentous-fungi
#8
REVIEW
Caroline Mota Fernandes, Gustavo H Goldman, Maurizio Del Poeta
Filamentous and dimorphic fungi cause invasive mycoses associated with high mortality rates. Among the fungal determinants involved in the establishment of infection, glycosphingolipids (GSLs) have gained increased interest in the last few decades. GSLs are ubiquitous membrane components that have been isolated from both filamentous and dimorphic species and play a crucial role in polarized growth as well as hypha-to-yeast transition. In fungi, two major classes of GSLs are found: neutral and acidic GSLs. Neutral GSLs comprise glucosylceramide and galactosylceramide, which utilize Δ4-Δ8-9-methyl-sphingadienine as a sphingoid base, linked to a C16-18 fatty acid chain, forming ceramide, and to a sugar residue, such as glucose or galactose...
May 15, 2018: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760197/glucosamine-inositolphosphorylceramide-transferase1-gint1-is-a-glcnac-containing-glycosylinositol-phosphorylceramide-glycosyltransferase
#9
Toshiki Ishikawa, Lin Fang, Emilie A Rennie, Julien Sechet, Jingwei Yan, Beibei Jing, William Moore, Edgar B Cahoon, Henrik V Scheller, Maki Kawai-Yamada, Jennifer C Mortimer
Glycosylinositol phosphorylceramides (GIPCs), which have a ceramide core linked to a glycan headgroup of varying structure, are the major sphingolipids in the plant plasma membrane. Recently, we identified the major biosynthetic genes for GIPC glycosylation in Arabidopsis thaliana, and demonstrated that the glycan headgroup is essential for plant viability. However, the function of GIPCs and the significance of their structural variation are poorly understood. Here, we characterized the Arabidopsis glycosyltransferase GLUCOSAMINE INOSITOLPHOSPHORYLCERAMIDE TRANSFERASE1 (GINT1) and showed that it is responsible for the glycosylation of a subgroup of GIPCs found in seeds and pollen that contain N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) and glucosamine (GlcN; collectively GlcN(Ac))...
May 14, 2018: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759974/the-ceramide-transporter-cert-is-involved-in-muscle-insulin-signaling-defects-under-lipotoxic-conditions
#10
Cécile L Bandet, Rana Mahfouz, Julien Véret, Athanassia Sotiropoulos, Maxime Poirier, Paola Giussani, Mélanie Campana, Erwann Philippe, Agnieszka Blachnio-Zabielska, Raphaëlle Ballaire, Xavier Le Liepvre, Olivier Bourron, Dušan Berkeš, Jan Górski, Pascal Ferré, Hervé Le Stunff, Fabienne Foufelle, Eric Hajduch
One main mechanism of insulin resistance (IR), a key feature of type-2 diabetes, is the accumulation of saturated fatty acids (FA) in muscles of obese and type-2 diabetic patients. Understanding the mechanism underlying lipid-induced IR is therefore a crucial challenge. Saturated FA are metabolized into lipid-derivatives called ceramides and their accumulation plays a central role in the development of muscle IR. Ceramides are produced in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and transported to the Golgi through a transporter called CERT, where they are converted into different sphingolipid species...
May 14, 2018: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758301/lipid-roles-in-herg-function-and-interactions-with-drugs
#11
REVIEW
Meruyert Kudaibergenova, Laura L Perissinotti, Sergei Y Noskov
Human-ether-a-go-go-related channel (hERG) is a voltage gated potassium channel (Kv 11.1) abundantly expressed in heart and brain tissues. In addition to playing an important role in mediation of repolarizing K+ currents (IKr ) in Action Potential (AP), hERG is notorious for its propensity to interact with various medications. The drug-induced block of K+ currents across hERG channel are strongly associated with dysrhythmic conditions collectively known as drug-induced long-QT-syndrome. The recent availability of the high-resolution Cryo-EM structures for the hERG channel has provided unique opportunity to resolve structural mechanisms involved into the process of voltage-gating of hERG channels, map various roles played by components of ventricular and neuronal membranes and then to connect it to cellular pathways through which diverse chemical compounds might be affecting function of the channel...
May 11, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755364/early-effects-of-a-low-fat-fructose-rich-diet-on-liver-metabolism-insulin-signaling-and-oxidative-stress-in-young-and-adult-rats
#12
Raffaella Crescenzo, Luisa Cigliano, Arianna Mazzoli, Rosa Cancelliere, Rosa Carotenuto, Margherita Tussellino, Giovanna Liverini, Susanna Iossa
The increase in the use of refined food, which is rich in fructose, is of particular concern in children and adolescents, since the total caloric intake and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome are increasing continuously in these populations. Nevertheless, the effects of high fructose diet have been mostly investigated in adults, by focusing on the effect of a long-term fructose intake. Notably, some reports evidenced that even short-term fructose intake exerts detrimental effects on metabolism. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the metabolic changes induced by the fructose-rich diet in rats of different age, i...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754287/protective-role-of-the-elovl2-docosahexaenoic-acid-axis-in-glucolipotoxicity-induced-apoptosis-in-rodent-beta-cells-and-human-islets
#13
Lara Bellini, Mélanie Campana, Claude Rouch, Marta Chacinska, Marco Bugliani, Kelly Meneyrol, Isabelle Hainault, Véronique Lenoir, Jessica Denom, Julien Véret, Nadim Kassis, Bernard Thorens, Mark Ibberson, Piero Marchetti, Agnieszka Blachnio-Zabielska, Céline Cruciani-Guglielmacci, Carina Prip-Buus, Christophe Magnan, Hervé Le Stunff
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are known to influence glucose homeostasis. We recently showed that Elovl2 expression in beta cells, which regulates synthesis of endogenous DHA, was associated with glucose tolerance and played a key role in insulin secretion. The present study aimed to examine the role of the very long chain fatty acid elongase 2 (ELOVL2)/DHA axis on the adverse effects of palmitate with high glucose, a condition defined as glucolipotoxicity, on beta cells...
May 12, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751643/the-effect-of-lean-seafood-and-non-seafood-diets-on-fasting-and-postprandial-serum-metabolites-and-lipid-species-results-from-a-randomized-crossover-intervention-study-in-healthy-adults
#14
Mette Schmedes, Claudia Balderas, Eli Kristin Aadland, Hélène Jacques, Charles Lavigne, Ingvild Eide Graff, Øyvin Eng, Asle Holthe, Gunnar Mellgren, Jette Feveile Young, Ulrik Kræmer Sundekilde, Bjørn Liaset, Hanne Christine Bertram
The metabolic effects associated with intake of different dietary protein sources are not well characterized. We aimed to elucidate how two diets that varied in main protein sources affected the fasting and postprandial serum metabolites and lipid species. In a randomized controlled trial with crossover design, healthy adults ( n = 20) underwent a 4-week intervention with two balanced diets that varied mainly in protein source (lean-seafood versus non-seafood proteins). Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses were applied to examine the effects of the two diets on serum metabolites...
May 11, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748552/pb-ii-induces-scramblase-activation-and-ceramide-domain-generation-in-red-blood-cells
#15
Hasna Ahyayauch, Aritz B García-Arribas, Jesús Sot, Emilio J González-Ramírez, Jon V Busto, Bingen G Monasterio, Noemi Jiménez-Rojo, F Xabier Contreras, Adela Rendón-Ramírez, Cesar Martin, Alicia Alonso, Félix M Goñi
The mechanisms of Pb(II) toxicity have been studied in human red blood cells using confocal microscopy, immunolabeling, fluorescence-activated cell sorting and atomic force microscopy. The process follows a sequence of events, starting with calcium entry, followed by potassium release, morphological change, generation of ceramide, lipid flip-flop and finally cell lysis. Clotrimazole blocks potassium channels and the whole process is inhibited. Immunolabeling reveals the generation of ceramide-enriched domains linked to a cell morphological change, while the use of a neutral sphingomyelinase inhibitor greatly delays the process after the morphological change, and lipid flip-flop is significantly reduced...
May 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748289/regulation-of-insulin-receptor-pathway-and-glucose-metabolism-by-cd36-signaling
#16
Dmitri Samovski, Pallavi Dhule, Terri Pietka, Miriam Jacome-Sosa, Eric Penrose, Ni-Huiping Son, Robert C Flynn, Kooresh I Shoghi, Krzysztof L Hyrc, Ira J Goldberg, Eric R Gamazon, Nada A Abumrad
During reduced energy intake, skeletal muscle maintains homeostasis by rapidly suppressing insulin-stimulated glucose utilization. Loss of this adaptation is observed with deficiency of the fatty acid transporter CD36. A similar loss is also characteristic of the insulin resistant state where CD36 is dysfunctional. To elucidate what links CD36 to muscle glucose utilization we examined whether CD36 signaling might influence insulin action. First, we show that CD36 deletion specific to skeletal muscle reduces expression of insulin signaling and glucose metabolism genes...
May 10, 2018: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748132/assessment-of-cytosolic-free-calcium-changes-during-ceramide-induced-cell-death-in-mda-mb-231-breast-cancer-cells-expressing-the-calcium-sensor-gcamp6m
#17
John J Bassett, Alice H L Bong, Ellen K Janke, Mélanie Robitaille, Sarah J Roberts-Thomson, Amelia A Peters, Gregory R Monteith
Alterations in Ca2+ signaling can regulate key cancer hallmarks such as proliferation, invasiveness and resistance to cell death. Changes in the regulation of intracellular Ca2+ and specific components of Ca2+ influx are a feature of several cancers and/or cancer subtypes, including the basal-like breast cancer subtype, which has a poor prognosis. The development of genetically encoded calcium indicators, such as GCaMP6, represents an opportunity to measure changes in intracellular free Ca2+ during processes relevant to breast cancer progression that occur over long periods (e...
March 2, 2018: Cell Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747824/congenital-disorders-of-ganglioside-biosynthesis
#18
T August Li, Ronald L Schnaar
Gangliosides are expressed on all vertebrate cells and tissues, but are particularly abundant in the mammalian brain, where they constitute major cell-surface determinants on all nerve cells. The same four ganglioside structures, GM1, GD1a, GD1b, and GT1b, constitute the great majority of brain gangliosides in all mammals. Biosynthesis of these major brain gangliosides starts with addition of glucose to the ceramide lipid carrier followed by stepwise addition of up to six additional monosaccharides. This primarily involves the sequential action of seven glycosyltransferases, many of which appear to act specifically on glycolipid (rather than glycoprotein) acceptors...
2018: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747818/glycan-chains-of-gangliosides-functional-ligands-for-tissue-lectins-siglecs-galectins
#19
Robert W Ledeen, Jürgen Kopitz, José Abad-Rodríguez, Hans-Joachim Gabius
Molecular signals on the cell surface are responsible for adhesion and communication. Of relevance in this respect, their chemical properties endow carbohydrates with the capacity to store a maximum of information in a minimum of space. One way to present glycans on the cell surface is their covalent conjugation to a ceramide anchor. Among the resulting glycosphingolipids, gangliosides are special due to the presence of at least one sialic acid in the glycan chains. Their spatial accessibility and the dynamic regulation of their profile are factors that argue in favor of a role of glycans of gangliosides as ligands (counterreceptors) for carbohydrate-binding proteins (lectins)...
2018: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747811/ganglioside-metabolism-in-health-and-disease
#20
Roger Sandhoff, Heike Schulze, Konrad Sandhoff
Gangliosides (GGs) are cell type-specific sialic acid-containing glycosphingolipids (GSLs), which are enriched in mammalian brain. Defects in GSL metabolism cause fatal human diseases. GSLs are composed of a hydrophilic oligosaccharide linked in 1-O-position to a hydrophobic ceramide anchor, which itself is composed of a long-chain amino alcohol, the sphingoid base, and an amide-bound acyl chain. Biosynthesis of mammalian GGs and other GSLs starts with the formation of their hydrophobic ceramide anchor in the endoplasmic reticulum, followed by sequential glycosylation reactions along the secretory pathway, mainly at the luminal surface of Golgi and trans-Golgi network (TGN) membranes...
2018: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
keyword
keyword
16226
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"