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Diabetes mellitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725969/differences-in-glycemic-control-in-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-patients-with-parenteral-nutrition-using-a-basal-plus-correction-insulin-regimen-an-observational-retrospective-study
#1
Analía Ramos, Fernanda Rabasa, Lilian Mendoza, Joana Cardenete, Pedro Gill, Alba Morilla, Daniel Cardona, Antonio Pérez
INTRODUCTION: Hyperglycemia is a frequent complication of parenteral nutrition (PN) in patients both with and without diabetes mellitis (DM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of glucose control achieved with basal plus-correction insulin in surgical patients with and without a history of DM receiving PN. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of a protocol applied during the period of January 2013-December 2015. The insulin dose was started at 0.4 and 0...
June 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27004352/euglycemic-diabetic-ketoacidosis-and-severe-acute-kidney-injury-secondary-to-off-label-use-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitor-in-a-type-1-diabetic-patient
#2
Hassan Tahir, Adil Wani, Vistasp Daruwalla, Nour Daboul, Jahnavi Sagi
Sodium glucose Cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a new class of drug approved for the treatment of type-2 diabetes; however they are also increasingly used off label in type-1 diabetic patients. SGLT2 Inhibitors work by increasing glucose excretion in urine. Euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is potentially life threatening side effect as patients have normal glucose and minimal symptoms thus delaying diagnosis and treatment. Our case report highlights the risk of using SGLT2 inhibitors in type-1 diabetes and also supports the need for long term studies to define clear efficacy and complications of SGLT 2 inhibitors in both type-1 and type 2 diabetes mellitis...
October 2015: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26111133/effects-of-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-on-diabetic-gastroparesis
#3
Valerie J Van Ravenswaay, Simeon J Hain, Sierra Grasso, Jay H Shubrook
As the number of diagnoses of diabetes mellitis continues to increase, so does the incidence of diabetic complications, such as gastroparesis. The current case report examines the effect of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) on the symptoms of diabetic gastroparesis in a patient with type 1 diabetes mellitus. After a prescribed regimen of OMT, the patient's Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index score improved from 13 to 8, and his hospitalization stays decreased from once every 6 to 8 weeks to once in 6 months...
July 2015: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25077361/investigation-of-the-effects-of-propofol-and-vitamin-c-administration-on-erythrocyte-deformability-in-rats-with-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-mellitis
#4
F M Comu, L Ozturk, M Alkan, K Pampal, M Arslan, B Isik, M S Atac, D Yilmaz
PURPOSE: In the current study we aim to investigate the effects of vitamin C and profol on red blood cell deformability in diabetic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty- eight Wistar Albino rats were included in the study after streptozocin (60 mg/kg) treatment for 4 weeks of observation for diabetes presence. Twenty-eight rats were allocated to 4 groups. In group DP (n = 7) 150 mg.kg-1 of propofol was injected intraperitoneally. In group DP-vit C (n = 7) rats 100 mg/kg of vitamin C (Ascorbic acid, Redoxon® 1000 mg/5 mL - Roche) were applied one hour before administrating 150 mg...
2014: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23677911/aspirin-half-maximal-inhibitory-concentration-value-on-platelet-cyclooxygenase1-in-severe-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-is-not-significantly-different-from-that-of-healthy-individuals
#5
Yukio Kimura, Katsuhiro Takano, Kaneo Satoh, Kaoru Aida, Tetsuro Kobayashi, Yukio Ozaki
It is implicated that diabetic patients are more resistant to aspirin therapy than patients with other diseases or healthy individuals. We evaluated the inhibitory effects of aspirin on aggregation and the cyclooxygenase activity of platelets of 10 patients with severe type-2 diabetes mellitis (DM) and compared the results with those of healthy individuals. Although platelet aggregation had a tendency to be more resistant to aspirin with the DM group, there was no significant difference in half maximal inhibitory concentration 50 values of aspirin on the cyclooxygenase activity between the patients with DM and healthy individuals...
September 2014: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23413688/-the-influence-of-afobazole-on-biochemical-and-histo-patho-morphological-parameters-of-endothelial-function-at-experimental-diabetes-mellitis-in-rats
#6
S G Dzugkoev, K M Kozyrev, N G gumanova, F S Dzugkoeva
Oxidizing stress in rats with experimental diabetes mellitis is accompanied by endothelial dysfunction develops. Its biochemical markers are the increase of concentration of blood MDA, the impairments of cell antioxidant depence and a decrease in concentration of total metabolites of NO and expression of endothelial NO-synthetase (e-NOS). Biochemical changes are considered with histopathomorphologic impairments of aortic endothelium. Treatment with afobazole suppressed free-radical oxidation, increased activity of SOD and concentration of total metabolites of NO and a level of eNOS expression and also restored of a histologic pattern of aortic endothelium due to activation of nucleocytoplasmic regenerative processes...
July 2012: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21688766/photographic-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-in-an-urban-family-practice-clinic-effect-on-compliance-to-eye-examination
#7
Sanket U Shah, JoAnn Seibles, Susanna S Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the effect of introduction of diabetic retinopathy screening using non-mydriatic digital fundus photography (nDFP) in an urban academic family practice clinic on patient compliance to recommended dilated eye examination (REE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred four patients with diabetes mellitis who were noncompliant to annual REE were screened for diabetic retinopathy using nDFP. The images were electronically transmitted to the retinal specialist to triage them for follow-up REE based on the photographic findings...
September 2011: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21686831/late-diagnosis-of-a-rare-disease
#8
Noha Mohamed El Hossainy
Rare diseases may be misdiagnosed if laboratory investigations show a common diagnosis instead. This is the story of 24-year-old male patient misdiagnosed as a case of hereditary spherocytosis at the age of 10 years. He received regular blood transfusions. Thorough investigations revealed microcytic anaemia, with results for all hereditary and acquired causes of haemolytic anemia negative, iron overload in the liver, stunted growth, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitis, hypercellular bone marrow and marked depletion of its iron stores...
2009: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20554929/previous-gestational-diabetes-impairs-long-term-endothelial-function-in-a-mouse-model-of-complicated-pregnancy
#9
Joanna L Stanley, Sowndramalingam Sankaralingam, Philip N Baker, Sandra T Davidge
Women who develop gestational diabetes mellitis (GDM) display endothelial dysfunction up to 1 yr after pregnancy, despite a return to normoglycemia. It is unknown whether this dysfunction was preexisting or whether GDM pregnancy leads to long-term endothelial dysfunction. A mouse model that spontaneously develops GDM (Lepr(db/+)) was used to determine whether the endothelial dysfunction that develops during GDM is evident in later life. Heterozygous and wild-type (WT) controls were allowed to litter once, then age to 9-10 mo, and were compared with virgin controls...
September 2010: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20257332/effect-of-diabetes-mellitis-on-foetus
#10
H BAHRY
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1947: Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17870551/-how-to-evaluate-the-cardiovascular-and-renal-risk-at-the-individual-level
#11
Thierry Schaeverbeke, Eric Vicaut, Ariel Cohen, Philippe Ravaud
The cardiovascular impact of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and the higher cardiovas-cular mortality during treatment of inflammatory rheumatism impose a rigorous evaluation of the cardiovascular risk of rheumatic patients. Large epidemiological studies have identified risk factors for cardiovascular diseases such as the age, male gender, family history (infarct, stroke), tobacco consumption, systolic arterial pressure, renal insufficiency, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes mellitis, sedentariness, obesity and "electric" ventricular hypertrophy...
September 2006: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17510698/responses-to-acute-exercise-in-type-2-diabetes-with-an-emphasis-on-metabolism-and-interaction-with-oral-hypoglycemic-agents-and-food-intake
#12
REVIEW
Henrik Galbo, Lillan Tobin, Luc J C van Loon
In people with type 1 diabetes mellitis (DM), insulin administration, food intake, and exercise have to be carefully matched to avoid either hypo- or hyperglycemia. People with type 2 DM have some insulin secretion, which changes with needs. Accordingly, during exercise, these people do not run the same metabolic risks as people with type 1 DM. However, a contraction-mediated increase in glucose clearance in muscle is intact in type 2 DM. Therefore, in the postabsorptive state in diet-treated type 2 DM, a marked reduction in hyperglycemia can occur during prolonged moderate exercise...
June 2007: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17462376/long-term-results-of-bilateral-internal-thoracic-artery-grafting-in-dialysis-patients
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Masashi Kai, Hitoshi Okabayashi, Michiya Hanyu, Yoshiharu Soga, Takuya Nomoto, Jota Nakano, Takehiko Matsuo, Eitaro Umehara, Masahide Kawato
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the perioperative and long-term results of bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting in dialysis patients. METHODS: One hundred one consecutive patients on chronic dialysis who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting were retrospectively compared according to the surgical technique, bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting (n = 76) or single internal thoracic artery (SITA) grafting (n = 25). RESULTS: Hospital mortality was 5...
May 2007: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17078593/-how-to-evaluate-the-cardiovascular-and-renal-risk-at-the-individual-level
#14
REVIEW
Thierry Schaeverbeke, Eric Vicaut, Ariel Cohen, Philippe Ravaud
The cardiovascular impact of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and the higher cardiovascular mortality during treatment of inflammatory rheumatism impose a rigorous evaluation of the cardiovascular risk of rheumatic patients. Large epidemiological studies have identified risk factors for cardiovascular diseases such as the age, male gender, family history (infarct, stroke), tobacco consumption, systolic arterial pressure, renal insufficiency, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes mellitis, sedentariness, obesity and "electric" ventricular hypertrophy...
September 2006: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16874660/somatostatinoma-collision-with-neurofibroma-and-ultrastructural-features
#15
W Varikatt, J L C Yong, M C Killingsworth
The clinical presentation, histopathology and immunoelectron microscopic features of two cases of duodenal somatostatinoma are described, one of which is a hitherto unreported example of a collision tumour with a neurofibroma. Ultrastructural morphometric immunoelectron microscopy studies revealed the presence of four types of cells in both tumours, but there was no difference in the proportions of these cells between the collision tumour and the non-collision tumour. Neurosecretory granules ranging in size from 255-815 nm were generally larger than those previously reported for somatostatinomas and somatostatin was identified in granules of all sizes across this range...
November 2006: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/13652299/-diabetes-mellitis-complicated-by-neurogenic-bladder-dysfunction-report-of-3-cases
#16
C C LIANG, P C TU, J S PAI, C H WANG
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1959: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12728526/-a-case-of-psoas-abscess-caused-by-candida-albicans
#17
Shinichiro Fukuhara, Kazuo Nishimura, Kazuhiro Yoshimura, Akihiko Okuyama, Masashi Yamato, Dan Kawamori, Munehide Matsuhisa
We report a rare case of psoas abscess caused by Candida albicans. A 59-year-old man with diabetes mellitis presented with right flank mass. Computed tomography (CT) showed a psoas abscess. Needle aspiration of the right flank mass revealed pus which was proved to be C. albicans by culture. The literature is briefly reviewed.
March 2003: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12387518/incidence-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitis-in-children-aged-under-15-years-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#18
E F Roche, A Menon, D Gill, H M C V Hoey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2002: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11382687/incidence-trends-and-mortality-in-end-stage-renal-disease-attributed-to-renovascular-disease-in-the-united-states
#19
R A Fatica, F K Port, E W Young
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) attributed to renovascular disease (RVD-ESRD) has been incompletely characterized. We determined incidence trends, clinical features, prior treatment, and survival of patients with RVD-ESRD using the US Renal Data System database. Primary causes of ESRD were assessed in patients starting ESRD therapy during 1991 to 1997. The incidence of RVD-ESRD increased from 2.9/10(6) per year (1.4% of new ESRD cases) to 6.1/10(6) per year (2.1%). The annualized increase was 12.4% per year...
June 2001: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11145667/identification-of-mhc-class-ii-restricted-peptide-ligands-including-a-glutamic-acid-decarboxylase-65-sequence-that-stimulate-diabetogenic-t-cells-from-transgenic-bdc2-5-nonobese-diabetic-mice
#20
V Judkowski, C Pinilla, K Schroder, L Tucker, N Sarvetnick, D B Wilson
Nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice spontaneously develop insulitis and destruction of pancreatic islet beta cells similar to type 1 diabetes mellitis in humans. Insulitis also occurs in the BDC2.5 TCR transgenic line of NOD mice that express the rearranged TCR alpha- and beta-chain genes of a diabetogenic NOD CD4 T cell clone. When activated with syngeneic islet cells in culture, BDC2.5 T cells adoptively transfer disease to NOD recipients, but the identity of the islet cell Ag responsible for pathogenicity is not known...
January 15, 2001: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
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