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Black seed

Juliet Mubaiwa, Vincenzo Fogliano, Cathrine Chidewe, Anita R Linnemann
Variability in dehulling efficiency, colour, chemical composition and selected functional properties of raw and pre-treated bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) (BG) flour from red and black-eye varieties were studied. Functional properties were water and oil absorption, gelation, pasting, emulsification and foaming capacity. Pre-treatment of seeds (i.e. soaking, roasting and combined soaking and roasting) improved dehulling efficiency of BG varieties. Protein content of flour ranged from 15.6-19...
2018: PloS One
Louise M Webster, Kate Bramham, Paul T Seed, Michele Homsy, Kate Widdows, Andrew J Webb, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Laura Magee, Baskaran Thilaganathan, Jenny E Myers, Lucy C Chappell
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the impact of maternal ethnicity on the risk of adverse perinatal outcome in pregnant women with chronic hypertension. METHODS: Demographic and delivery data of women with chronic hypertension and singleton pregnancies from three obstetric units (2000 to 2014) were collated. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to calculate risk ratios (RR) by ethnic group for adverse perinatal outcome in women with chronic hypertension adjusted for other maternal characteristics...
October 14, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Karen Pitura, Susan D Arntfield
Seed coats of coloured dry beans contain biologically active compounds. Flavonol glycosides were identified from acetone extracts of seed coats of black beans, pinto beans, and red kidney beans and evaluated for antioxidant activity. High Performance Liquid Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry/Mass Spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging capacity were used to measure flavonols and antioxidant capacity, respectively. The main flavonol glycosides in black beans were the 3-O-glycosides of kaempferol, quercetin and myricetin; pinto beans contained kaempferol 3-O-glycosides, while red kidney beans contained quercetin 3-O-glycoside and quercetin 3-O-rutinoside (rutin)...
January 30, 2019: Food Chemistry
Muhammad Shahid, Faisal Mahmood, Sabir Hussain, Tanvir Shahzad, Muhammad Zulqarnain Haider, Muhammad Noman, Aqsa Mushtaq, Qundeel Fatima, Temoor Ahmed, Ghulam Mustafa
This study was conducted to elucidate the inherent potential of Bacillus sp. MR-1/2, which was isolated from root zone of maize crop grown on a textile wastewater-irrigated soil. The isolated strain was identified through its ribosomal RNA sequence. Under in vitro conditions, the strain demonstrated its tolerance for high concentrations of various heavy metal ions as determined by minimum inhibitory concentration. Moreover, the strain MR-1/2 exhibited many important phytobeneficial traits such as inorganic P solubilization and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase ability even under high metal and salt stress...
October 2018: 3 Biotech
Zhongyun Huang, Shannon Kelly, Rika Matsuo, Lin-Feng Li, Yaling Li, Kenneth M Olsen, Yulin Jia, Ana L Caicedo
Weedy rice ( Oryza spp.) is a problematic weed of cultivated rice ( O. sativa ) around the world. Recent studies have established multiple independent evolutionary origins of weedy rice, raising questions about the traits and genes that are essential for the evolution of this weed. Among world regions, South Asia stands out due to the heterogeneity of its weedy rice populations, which can be traced to at least three origins: two through de-domestication from distinct cultivated rice varieties, and one from local wild rice ( O...
October 1, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Liuqing Wang, Yoko Yamashita, Shingo Komeda, Akiko Saito, Hitoshi Ashida
We investigated the absorption, metabolism, distribution and faecal excretion of 3 B-type procyanidin oligomers, including procyanidin B2, procyanidin C1 and cinnamtannin A2, and their monomeric unit (-)-epicatechin after a single oral administration of black soybean seed coat extract (BE) to male ICR mice at 250 mg per kg body weight. Plasma, tissues and faeces samples were collected within 24 h for the determination of (-)-epicatechin, procyandidin B2, procyanidin C1 and cinnamtannin A2 with or without β-glucuronidase and sulfatase treatment by the high-performance liquid chromatography method...
October 17, 2018: Food & Function
Yang Yang, Jingjing Wang, Yongmin Zhang, Jing Li, Wenji Sun
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of black sesame seeds ethanol extract (BSSEE) against nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in fructose-fed mice. Mice were fed a standard diet without or with 30% fructose in drinking water for 8 consecutive weeks, while mice in three BSSEE tested groups received different doses of BSSEE (0.5, 1, and 2 mL/kg) once a day from the fifth week to the eighth week. Administration of BSSEE dose-dependently exerted antiobesity and protective effect against metabolism disorder in fructose-fed mice...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Karol Barragán-Fonseca, Julián Pineda-Mejia, Marcel Dicke, Joop J A van Loon
The black soldier fly [Hermetia illucens L. (Diptera: Stratiomyidae)] can be sustainably reared on organic waste streams and thereby provide a novel animal protein source for animal feed. Black soldier fly's performance and body composition depend to a large extent on the nutrient composition of the waste stream. Black soldier fly larvae were fed on four diets consisting of vegetable by-products from the food industry. All four diets contained dried distiller's grains with solubles plus one or two other main ingredients; for diet 1 the additional ingredient was grape pulp; diet 2: potato peels; diet 3: bean seeds; and diet 4: cabbage leaves plus old bread...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
Zhongqin Chen, Cong Wang, Xudong Gao, Yue Chen, Ramesh Kumar Santhanam, Chunli Wang, Leilei Xu, Haixia Chen
The interactions of soy protein isolate with cyanidin-3-O-glucoside were investigated to study the protective effect of protein on anthocyanin's stability by UV-Vis spectrophotometry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy. Preheat treatment and binding of cyanidin-3-O-glucoside effectively changed the secondary structure of soy protein isolate, with a decrease in α-helix, random coil structure and an increase in β-sheet and β-turn. The soy protein isolate preheated at 121 °C exhibited a strong binding affinity towards cyanidin-3-O-glucoside with strong Ks of 147...
January 15, 2019: Food Chemistry
Ellen M Black, Craig L Just
Freshwater mussel assemblages of the Upper Mississippi River (UMR) sequester tons of ammonia- and urea-based biodeposits each day and aerate sediment through burrowing activities, thus creating a unique niche for nitrogen (N) cycling microorganisms. This study explored how mussels impact the abundance of N-cycling species with an emphasis on Candidatus Nitrospira inopinata, the first microorganism known to completely oxidize ammonia (comammox) to nitrate. This study used metagenomic shotgun sequencing of genomic DNA to compare nitrogen cycling species in sediment under a well-established mussel assemblage and in nearby sediment without mussels...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Saud Alsanad, Tamer Aboushanab, Mohammed Khalil, Osama A Alkhamees
Diabetes mellitus represents a major burden in Saudi Arabia where seven million (20% of population) are living with diabetes. This article reviews the literature on usage of traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) therapies among Saudi diabetic patients, focusing in particular on identifying the prevalence as well as discussing their safety and efficacy. Three databases (PubMed, Cochrane, and ScienceDirect) were searched prior to December 10, 2017, for articles published in peer-reviewed journals that reported primary data on the use of traditional and complementary medicine therapies among diabetic patients in Saudi Arabia...
2018: Scientifica
Sharf Ilahi Siddiqui, Geetanjali Rathi, Saif Ali Chaudhry
Dyes in water change the colour, taste and odour of water, are highly visible, and can be toxic and cancerous for the coloured water consumption human beings. Basic dyes particularly, methylene blue, MB has high colour intensity, shows intense colour even at low concentration, and are very toxic due to their complex structure. Instead of adsorption, removal of MB from water using various traditional treatment methods is costly and less effective. The use of bioadsorbent provides easy and low cost technique for removal of MB...
October 2018: Data in Brief
Davod Darvishi Zeidabadi, Mokhtar Jalali Javaran, Hamid Dehghani, Sajad Rashidi Monfared, Amin Baghizadeh
Black caraway is of great importance for its terpene compounds. Many genes are involved in the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites in medicinal plants. For this study, black caraway seeds were collected from five different regions, i.e. [Isfahan; Kerman (Khabr); Semnan; Kerman (Sirch); and Hormozgan]. The black caraway seed oil was extracted and analyzed by means of the gas chromatography method. There was a negatively significant correlation ( p  ≤ 0.05) observed between cuminaldehyde and gammaterpinene compounds...
September 2018: 3 Biotech
A Saedi, K Rostamizadeh, M Parsa, N Dalali, N Ahmadi
In this study, we aimed to investigate the influence of liquid lipid types on different features of NLC. Four variations of liquid lipids such as coconut oil, fish oil, black seed oil and linseed oil were used, while for all variations, cetyl palmitate was used as the solid lipid. Different NLC were characterized and compared in terms of particle size, zeta potential, polydispersity index (PDI), drug entrapment percentage and drug loading capacity. The results indicated that NLC containing black seed oil has the smallest size...
November 2018: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
Rajeev Kumar, Sushma Negi, Priyanka Sharma, I B Prasher, Savita Chaudhary, Jaspreet Singh Dhau, Ahmad Umar
The scarcity of available drinking water has led the researchers to develop novel and cost-effective ways of bioremediation process for wastewater treatment. Bioremediation is a cost-effective and environmentally sound method for the removal of toxic compounds. Such approach is not only a chemical-less effort but also an energy savior. In the present work Phlebia acerina, a white rot wood rotting fungi have been used to degrade the toxic wastewater pollutants. Congo Red (CR) and Eriochrome Black T (EBT) have been selected as model pollutants to test the wastewater cleaning ability of the fungus...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Sarahn Wheeler, Katherine Pryor, Brian Antczak, Tracy Truong, Amy Murtha, Patrick Seed
OBJECTIVE: Pregnant non-Hispanic blacks (NHB) have increased vaginal microbiome diversity compared to non-Hispanic whites (NHW) which may contribute to increased preterm birth. Cervical microbiome diversity is poorly characterized in pregnancy, therefore our objective was to correlate cervical microbiota diversity with cervico-vaginal inflammation by race and delivery timing. STUDY DESIGN: Pregnant women were recruited in the first and second trimesters. A sterile cervical swab and saline lavage were collected at a single time point...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
Yi-Fu Cai, Xi Tong, Dong-Gang Wang, Sheng-Feng Yan
We report on a novel phenomenon of the resonance effect of primordial density perturbations arisen from a sound speed parameter with an oscillatory behavior, which can generically lead to the formation of primordial black holes in the early Universe. For a general inflaton field, it can seed primordial density fluctuations, and their propagation is governed by a parameter of sound speed square. Once, if this parameter achieves an oscillatory feature for a while during inflation, a significant nonperturbative resonance effect on the inflaton field fluctuations takes place around a critical length scale, which results in significant peaks in the primordial power spectrum...
August 24, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Konstantin A Korotenko
Because of the environmental sensitivity of the Black Sea, as a semi-enclosed sea, any subsea oil spill can cause destructive impacts on the marine environment and beaches. Employing numerical modeling as a prediction tool is one of the most efficient methods to understand oil spill behavior under various environmental forces. In this regard, a coupled circulation/deepsea oil spill model has been applied to the Black Sea to address the behavior of the oil plume resulting from a representative hypothetical deepwater blowout...
2018: PeerJ
Bárbara N S Costa, Irton J S Costa, Genaina A DE Souza, Dalilhia N Dos Santos, Flávia A DA Silveira, Evaldo T DE Melo, Adalvan D Martins, Moacir Pasqual, Tesfahun A Setotaw, Filipe A Rodrigues
The jelly palm plant [Butia capitata (Martius) Beccari] is a native palm of the Cerrado biome used for many purposes in northern Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Dormancy is common in palm seeds, resulting in slow and uneven germination that may take years to complete. Modification in the growth pattern, anatomical parameters, physiological and biochemical characteristics of the plant can be verified due to changes in the light spectrum transmitted through colored shade nets used. Therefore, the objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of colored shade nets on the leaf and root anatomy of the jelly palm plant...
September 3, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Xiaohui Zhao, Banmacailang Dong, Pi Li, Wei Wei, Jun Dang, Zenggeng Liu, Yanduo Tao, Hongping Han, Yun Shao, Huilan Yue
Lycium ruthenicum Murr. (LRM, Solanaceae), also called "black wolfberry" in China, is extremely tolerant drought. Although black wolfberry has seeds that are rich in oil, being considered as a potential alternative for edible oil production, little information has been found regarding its characterization. The present study evaluated the fatty acid profile of the seed oil and its phytosterol contents. Moreover, its antioxidant potential and its inhibition activities on pancreatic lipase, and cholesterol esterase (CEase) were also determined...
October 2018: Journal of Food Science
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