Read by QxMD icon Read

Short bowel syndrome in children

S M Johnson, G M Garnett, R K Woo
Maintenance of central venous access in patients with chronic medical conditions such as short bowel syndrome demands forethought and ingenuity. We describe an innovative technique for re-utilizing central venous access sites in patients who have chronic central venous access needs. Records of patients undergoing this technique were reviewed between August 2012 and December 2015. The technique involves "cutting-down" to the sterile fibrous tunnel that naturally forms around tunneled catheters. The fibrous sheath is then isolated and controlled much as would be done for a venous "cut-down...
October 14, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Amber Smith, Mary Beth Feuling, Catherine Larson-Nath, Catherine Karls, Megan Van Hoorn, Cassandra L S Walia, Carly Leon, Elaine Danner, Pam Opichka, Lori Duesing, Alfonso Martinez, Praveen S Goday
BACKGROUND: The primary hypothesis of this article is that a team approach in creating a protocolized laboratory monitoring schedule for home parenteral nutrition (PN) patients improves patient safety by decreasing the occurrence of nutrition deficiencies and is cost-effective. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study of home PN patients, each patient followed an established protocol of laboratory monitoring and weekly review by an interdisciplinary team of dietitians, nurses, and physicians...
October 11, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Theodoric Wong, Girish Gupte
Children with intestinal failure have had improved survival, particularly those with extreme short bowel syndrome, over the last 10-15 y. This has been attributed to better understanding of the pathophysiology of intestinal failure, improvement in line care, recognition of the importance of a team approach as well as the progress of intestinal transplant as a viable option. Parenteral nutrition remains the cornerstone for the continual survival of these patients. This review will cover contemporary approaches to intestinal failure including post surgical approaches, non-transplant surgery, dietetic and medication approaches during the adaptation process, considerations for home parenteral nutrition and latest in intestinal transplantation...
October 5, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
A Lo Vecchio, L Lancella, C Tagliabue, C De Giacomo, S Garazzino, M Mainetti, L Cursi, E Borali, M V De Vita, E Boccuzzi, L Castellazzi, S Esposito, A Guarino
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is increasingly found in children worldwide, but limited data are available from children living in southern Europe. A 6-year retrospective study was performed to investigate the epidemiology, clinical features, treatment, and risk of recurrence in Italy. Data of children with community- and hospital-acquired CDI (CA-CDI and HA-CDI, respectively) seen at seven pediatric referral centers in Italy were recorded retrospectively. Annual infection rates/10,000 hospital admissions were calculated...
September 30, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Joshua D Rouch, Nhan Huynh, Andrew Scott, Elvin Chiang, Benjamin M Wu, Shant Shekherdimian, James C Y Dunn
INTRODUCTION: Techniques of distraction enterogenesis have been explored to provide increased intestinal length to treat short bowel syndrome (SBS). Self-expanding, polycaprolactone (PCL) springs have been shown to lengthen bowel in small animal models. Their feasibility in larger animal models is a critical step before clinical use. METHODS: Juvenile mini-Yucatan pigs underwent jejunal isolation or blind ending Roux-en-y jejunojejunostomy with insertion of either a PCL spring or a sham PCL tube...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Graham Chester Ives, Farokh R Demehri, Ramon Sanchez, Meredith Barrett, Samir Gadepalli, Daniel H Teitelbaum
Children with short bowel syndrome commonly have dilated small bowel. We found that the extent of dilation was associated with bowel length and that both were related to achieving enteral autonomy.
August 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Melissa A Fernandes, Danielle Usatin, Isabel E Allen, Sue Rhee, Lan Vu
Surgical management of children with short bowel syndrome (SBS) changed with the introduction of the serial transverse enteroplasty procedure (STEP). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis using MEDLINE and SCOPUS to determine if children with SBS had improved enteral tolerance following STEP. Studies were included if information about a child's pre- and post-STEP enteral tolerance was provided. A random effects meta-analysis provided a summary estimate of the proportion of children with enteral tolerance increase following STEP...
October 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Kenneth I Glassberg, Jason P Van Batavia, Andrew J Combs
BACKGROUND: In 1998 it was postulated by the ICCS that urge syndrome, later termed overactive bladder (OAB), and dysfunctional voiding (DV) might not be separate entities and instead represent transitional stages between each other, and that DV may be the evolutionary end product of OAB. The aim of this study was to determine not only if OAB sometimes transitions into DV but also if the reverse occurs, and, if so, might they indeed be parts of one entity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To create an objective study of these two conditions, specific "qualifiers" supporting the diagnosis of each condition were introduced: 1) DV included the qualifier of an active EMG during voiding on two studies; 2) OAB included the qualifiers of a short lag time (<2 s) as a surrogate for detrusor overactivity (DO) and a quiet EMG during voiding...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Maria Karkovska, Oleh Smutok, Mykhailo Gonchar
D-lactate is a natural component of many fermented foods like yogurts, sour milk, cheeses, and pickles vegetable products. D-lactate in high concentrations is toxic for children and people with short bowel syndrome and provokes encephalopathy. These facts convincingly demonstrate a need for effective tools for the D-lactate removal from some food products. The main idea of investigation is focused on application of recombinant thermotolerant methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha "tr6," overproducing D-lactate: cytochrome c oxidoreductase (EC 1...
2016: BioMed Research International
Maria Hukkinen, Reetta Kivisaari, Laura Merras-Salmio, Antti Koivusalo, Mikko P Pakarinen
OBJECTIVE: To analyze risk factors and prognostic significance of small bowel (SB) dilatation in children with short bowel syndrome (SBS). BACKGROUND: In SBS, the remaining SB may dilate as part of intestinal adaptation. The impact of dilatation on parenteral nutrition (PN) dependence and survival has not been studied systematically. METHODS: SB diameter of SBS children (n = 61) was measured in contrast SB series (n = 169, median age 0.94, range 0...
July 18, 2016: Annals of Surgery
R D Zhuang, L J Tang, Y H Fang, K R Peng, J Chen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the efficacy and safety of the application of enteral nutrition (EN) in gastrointestinal disease in children, and to explore the possibility of the implementation of family EN. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of disease spectrum, EN approach, preparation, speed and time as well as adverse reactions and outcomes in 47 pediatric patients with gastrointestinal disease underwent EN therapy during July 2014 to March 2015. The nutrition indicators before and after EN therapy were compared by paired t-test...
July 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Hannah G Piper, Di Fan, Laura A Coughlin, Evi X Ho, Margaret M McDaniel, Nandini Channabasappa, Jiwoong Kim, Minsoo Kim, Xiaowei Zhan, Yang Xie, Andrew Y Koh
BACKGROUND: Children with short bowel syndrome (SBS) can vary significantly in their growth trajectory. Recent data have shown that children with SBS possess a unique gut microbiota signature compared with healthy controls. We hypothesized that children with SBS and poor growth would exhibit more severe gut microbiota dysbiosis compared with those with SBS who are growing adequately, despite similar intestinal anatomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stool samples were collected from children with SBS (n = 8) and healthy controls (n = 3) over 3 months...
July 12, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Luo-Jia Xu, Jie Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of nutrition support therapy in children with chronic diarrhea. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 48 children with chronic diarrhea who were hospitalized between July 2012 and July 2014. These children were divided into <1 year group (27 children) and ≤1 year group (21 children). Twenty-seven of these patients, who had malnutrition, were divided into enteral nutrition (EN) group (10 children), partial parenteral nutrition (PPN)+EN group (16 children), and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) group (1 child)...
June 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
B Chapman, P De Cruz, R Jones, W Hardikar, A Testro
BACKGROUND: A joint adult and pediatric intestinal transplant (ITx) program for Australia was developed in 2009 to provide life-saving ITx to patients with irreversible intestinal failure (IF). We aimed to analyze the outcomes of patients treated by our service over the past 5 years. METHODS: A retrospective medical record review was conducted on all IF patients referred to our service. Patient demographics, underlying disease, nutrition support, TPN complications, and current transplant program status were evaluated...
March 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Yaron Avitzur, Glenda Courtney-Martin
Enteral autonomy and freedom from parenteral nutrition dependency is the ultimate therapeutic goal in children with intestinal failure. This can be achieved following attainment of bowel adaptation in conditions such as short bowel syndrome. Enteral nutrition is a major therapeutic cornerstone in the management of children with intestinal failure. It promotes physiological development, bowel adaptation and enhances weaning from parenteral nutrition. The optimal method of delivery, type of nutrients, timing of initiation, promotion of feeds and transition to solid food in children with short bowel syndrome are debated...
April 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
Shin Jie Choi, Kyung Jae Lee, Jong Sub Choi, Hye Ran Yang, Jin Soo Moon, Ju Young Chang, Jae Sung Ko
PURPOSE: Parenteral nutrition (PN) not only provides nutritional support but also plays a crucial role in the treatment of children with intestinal failure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance and clinical outcomes of long-term PN. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study was conducted using the medical records of patients treated at Seoul National University Children's Hospital. This study included 19 patients who received PN for over six months...
March 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Elie Abi Nader, Cécile Lambe, Cécile Talbotec, Bénédicte Pigneur, Florence Lacaille, Hélène Garnier-Lengliné, Laetitia-Marie Petit, Catherine Poisson, Amélia Rocha, Odile Corriol, Yves Aigrain, Christophe Chardot, Frank M Ruemmele, Virginie Colomb-Jung, Olivier Goulet
BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is the main treatment for intestinal failure. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to review the indications for home parenteral nutrition (HPN) in children and describe the outcome over a 14-y period from a single center. DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective study that included all children who were referred to our institution and discharged while receiving HPN between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2013. The indications for HPN were divided into primary digestive diseases (PDDs) and primary nondigestive diseases (PNDDs)...
May 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Benyamine Abbou, Igor Sukhotnik, Amnon Rofe
Management of children with short bowel syndrome is optimized by interdisciplinary coordination of parenteral and enteral nutrition support, medical management of associated complications, surgical lengthening procedures, and intestinal transplantation. Pediatric Intestinal Failure Centers were established in 14 pediatric hospitals throughout the United States and Canada and the Pediatric Intestinal Failure Consortium has been developed and is implementing prospective, multi-institutional studies to better define the specific aspects of intestinal failure management that optimize long-term outcomes...
December 2015: Harefuah
Katarzyna Pawłowska, Wioleta Umławska, Barbara Iwańczak
BACKGROUND: Lactase is an enzyme involved in the hydrolysis of lactose. Deficiency of the enzyme (hypolactasia) may be determined genetically or arise secondarily to disease of small intestine. Under this condition, lactose enters the colon where it is fermented by intestinal microflora and turns to gases and short-chain fatty acids, causing gastrointestinal symptoms known as lactose intolerance (LI). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence of lactose malabsorption (LM), LI and the coexistence of these two conditions in children with upper gastrointestinal tract diseases (UGTD), malabsorption syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID)...
September 2015: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Eric A Sparks, Faraz A Khan, Jeremy G Fisher, Brenna S Fullerton, Amber Hall, Bram P Raphael, Christopher Duggan, Biren P Modi, Tom Jaksic
PURPOSE: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remains one of the most common underlying diagnoses of short bowel syndrome (SBS) in children. The relationship between the etiology of SBS and ultimate enteral autonomy has not been well studied. This investigation sought to evaluate the rate of achievement of enteral autonomy in SBS patients with and without NEC. METHODS: Following IRB approval, 109 patients (2002-2014) at a multidisciplinary intestinal rehabilitation program were reviewed...
January 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"