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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30056397/clinical-course-and-treatment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-the-preexcitation-syndrome-own-studies
#1
Aleksandra Stasiak, Katarzyna Niewiadomska-Jarosik, Piotr Kędziora
INTRODUCTION: Essentially, preexcitation syndrome is the presence of an accessory pathway in the heart, which can lead to serious consequences, ranging from atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia to sudden cardiac death. Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is the most common preexcitation syndrome. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical course of the disease, as well as the treatment of children and adolescents hospitalized in the Department of Pediatric Cardiology in the years 2008-2015...
2018: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30054453/r-wave-modified-tissue-doppler-imaging-myocardial-performance-index-for-the-assessment-of-cardiac-function-in-children-with-congestive-heart-failure-a-feasibility-study
#2
Ying Tang, Shanliang Zhu, Jun Chen, Lichun Hua
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of an R-wave modified tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) myocardial performance index (MPI), or MPI TDI-R, for the assessment of cardiac function in children with congestive heart failure (CHF). MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty children with CHF and 40 normal children were evaluated using the modified pediatric Ross heart failure grading system. TDI recorded the spectrum of diastolic function at the mitral valve annulus to measure the MPI. Twelve-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) measured the R-wave in the QRS complex, resulting in the modified MPI TDI-R...
July 28, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29997001/evaluation-of-t-wave-alternans-in-pediatric-patients-with-chronic-renal-failure
#3
Olgu Hallioglu, Meryem Keceli, Gulcin Bozlu, Ali Delibas, Derya Karpuz, Hüseyin Selvi
INTRODUCTION: Microvolt T-wave alternans (TWA) is known to be useful in prediction of ischemia and sudden death in high-risk populations and there are no studies in children with chronic renal failure (CRF). Cardiac problems seem to be responsible for an important part of death in children and young adults with CRF. The aim of this study is to evaluate Holter microvolts TWA measurements in children with CRF comparing to the control group. METHODS: This prospective study included 40 patients with CRF and 48 healthy controls...
July 2018: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989175/evaluation-of-left-ventricular-false-tendons-in-children-with-idiopathic-left-ventricular-tachycardia
#4
Anthony Merlocco, David W Brown, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Douglas Y Mah, John K Triedman, Mark E Alexander, Edward P Walsh
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular false tendons (FT) traverse the ventricular cavity and are thought to have some association with idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia (ILVT). However, reported prevalence of FT varies widely, making correlation difficult. Superior echocardiographic windows of pediatric patients may permit better analysis of FT in ILVT. Our study describes the relationship between FT and ILVT in young patients. METHODS: Retrospective case-control study of 30 ILVT patients with 98 controls compared for FT...
July 10, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29958610/utilization-of-diagnostic-testing-for-pediatric-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#5
Carissa J Wentland, Evette A Ronner, Razan A Basonbul, Sandeep Pinnapureddy, Leila Mankarious, Donald Keamy, Daniel J Lee, Michael S Cohen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Sensorineural hearing loss is a common diagnosis among children. The diagnostic workup varies widely among practitioners. This study's aim was to assess the utilization of diagnostic testing for SNHL and determine the yield of each test. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Tertiary care center. SUBJECTS: 827 patients with a diagnosis of SNHL from January 1, 2011 to January 1, 2015...
August 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930156/electrocardiograms-in-healthy-north-american-children-in-the-digital-age
#6
Elizabeth V Saarel, Suzanne Granger, Jonathan R Kaltman, L LuAnn Minich, Martin Tristani-Firouzi, Jeffrey J Kim, Kathleen Ash, Sabrina S Tsao, Charles I Berul, Elizabeth A Stephenson, David G Gamboa, Felicia Trachtenberg, Peter Fischbach, Victoria L Vetter, Richard J Czosek, Tiffanie R Johnson, Jack C Salerno, Nicole B Cain, Robert H Pass, Ilana Zeltser, Eric S Silver, Joshua R Kovach, Mark E Alexander
BACKGROUND: Interpretation of pediatric ECGs is limited by lack of accurate sex- and race-specific normal reference values obtained with modern technology for all ages. We sought to obtain contemporary digital ECG measurements in healthy children from North America, to evaluate the effects of sex and race, and to compare our results to commonly used published datasets. METHODS: Digital ECGs (12-lead) were retrospectively collected for children ≤18 years old with normal echocardiograms at 19 centers in the Pediatric Heart Network...
July 2018: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908370/gender-differences-in-patients-with-brugada-syndrome-and-arrhythmic-events-data-from-a-survey-on-arrhythmic-events-in-678-patients
#7
Anat Milman, Jean-Baptiste Gourraud, Antoine Andorin, Pieter G Postema, Frederic Sacher, Philippe Mabo, Giulio Conte, Carla Giustetto, Georgia Sarquella-Brugada, Aviram Hochstadt, Sung-Hwan Kim, Jimmy J M Juang, Shingo Maeda, Yoshihide Takahashi, Tsukasa Kamakura, Takeshi Aiba, Eran Leshem, Yoav Michowitz, Michael Rahkovich, Yuka Mizusawa, Elena Arbelo, Zhengrong Huang, Isabelle Denjoy, Yanushi D Wijeyeratne, Carlo Napolitano, Ramon Brugada, Ruben Casado-Arroyo, Jean Champagne, Leonardo Calo, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen, Silvia G Priori, Masahiko Takagi, Christian Veltmann, Pietro Delise, Domenico Corrado, Elijah R Behr, Fiorenzo Gaita, Gan-Xin Yan, Josep Brugada, Antoine Leenhardt, Arthur A M Wilde, Pedro Brugada, Kengo F Kusano, Kenzo Hirao, Gi-Byoung Nam, Vincent Probst, Bernard Belhassen
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on gender differences in patients with Brugada syndrome (BrS) who experienced arrhythmic events (AEs). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare clinical, electrocardiographic (ECG), electrophysiological, and genetic characteristics between males and females in BrS patients with their first AE. METHODS: The multicenter Survey on Arrhythmic Events in BRUgada Syndrome collected data on the first AE in 678 BrS patients including 619 males (91...
June 13, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866594/etiologies-and-yield-of-diagnostic-testing-in-children-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-with-altered-mental-status
#8
Katharine Button, Andrew Capraro, Michael Monuteaux, Rebekah Mannix
OBJECTIVES: To identify etiologies of altered mental status in pediatric patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) and to characterize the yield of diagnostic testing in these patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of children aged 1-17 years presenting to a pediatric tertiary care ED between December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2014 with a chief complaint or International Classification of Disease, Ninth Edition code of altered mental status...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796952/cardiac-diagnostics-before-oral-propranolol-therapy-in-infantile-hemangioma-retrospective-evaluation-of-234-infants
#9
Giovanni Frongia, Ji-Oun Byeon, Raoul Arnold, Arianeb Mehrabi, Patrick Günther
BACKGROUND: The indication and extent of cardiac screening before oral propranolol therapy (OPT) in patients with infantile hemangioma (IH) has been challenged. In this study, we evaluated pre-OPT cardiac diagnostics in a pediatric IH cohort in our department. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of infants ≤ 12 months old with IH undergoing OPT. The diagnostics prior to OPT, occurrence of complications, and outcome were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 234 patients were evaluated...
June 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794950/adolescent-seizure-in-the-emergency-department-due-to-concomitant-brugada-syndrome
#10
Beau Baum, Oscar Ingaramo, David Chao
Brugada syndrome is an increasingly discussed entity in the emergency medicine and cardiology literature. However, there are few cases reported in the pediatric population. Seizure is a presentation common to pediatric emergency departments. This case report describes the clinical course, workup, and differential diagnosis of a 15-year-old male adolescent with first-time seizure and Brugada pattern on electrocardiogram. A brief review of the literature follows the case presentation.
August 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784491/neonatal-and-pediatric-arrhythmias-clinical-and-electrocardiographic-aspects
#11
REVIEW
Fabrizio Drago, Irma Battipaglia, Corrado Di Mambro
Arrhythmias have acquired a specific identity in pediatric cardiology, but for pediatric cardiologists it has always been difficult to recognize and treat them. Changes in anatomy and physiology result in electrocardiogram features that differ from the normal adult pattern and vary according to the age of the child. Sinus arrhythmia, ectopic atrial rhythm, "wandering pacemaker," and junctional rhythm can be normal characteristics in children (15%-25% of healthy children can have these rhythms on the electrocardiogram)...
June 2018: Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774391/comparison-of-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-by-electrocardiography-and-echocardiography-in-children-using-analytics-tool
#12
Lauren Tague, Justin Wiggs, Qianxi Li, Robert McCarter, Elizabeth Sherwin, Jacqueline Weinberg, Craig Sable
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a common finding on pediatric electrocardiography (ECG) leading to many referrals for echocardiography (echo). This study utilizes a novel analytics tool that combines ECG and echo databases to evaluate ECG as a screening tool for LVH. SQL Server 2012 data warehouse incorporated ECG and echo databases for all patients from a single institution from 2006 to 2016. Customized queries identified patients 0-18 years old with LVH on ECG and an echo performed within 24 h. Using data visualization (Tableau) and analytic (Stata 14) software, ECG and echo findings were compared...
May 17, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761336/-syncope-in-children-and-adolescents
#13
REVIEW
Matthias J Müller, Thomas Paul
Syncope is common in children and adolescents. Neurally mediated syncope including pallid and cyanotic breath holding spells, vagovasal syncope and neurocardiogenic syncope is based on a common pathomechanism and accounts for approximately 75% of cases. A potentially life-threatening cardiac cause of syncope may be present in up to 6%. Detailed history, physical examination and 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) allow discrimination between benign and serious syncope in the majority of pediatric patients. Tilt-testing can be useful when diagnosis is unclear...
May 14, 2018: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760852/altered-mental-status-current-evidence-based-recommendations-for-prehospital-care
#14
REVIEW
Ashley Sanello, Marianne Gausche-Hill, William Mulkerin, Karl A Sporer, John F Brown, Kristi L Koenig, Eric M Rudnick, Angelo A Salvucci, Gregory H Gilbert
Introduction: In the United States emergency medical services (EMS) protocols vary widely across jurisdictions. We sought to develop evidence-based recommendations for the prehospital evaluation and treatment of a patient with an acute change in mental status and to compare these recommendations against the current protocols used by the 33 EMS agencies in the State of California. Methods: We performed a literature review of the current evidence in the prehospital treatment of a patient with altered mental status (AMS) and augmented this review with guidelines from various national and international societies to create our evidence-based recommendations...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759800/-hypertensive-crisis-and-anticholinergic-toxidrome-secondary-to-accidental-consumption-of-datura-stramonium-in-two-children
#15
D D Batouche, N-F Benatta, K Tabeliouna, S Boudjahfa, Y Touhami, S Hakkoum
OBJECTIVE: To identify a hypertensive clinical form of atropine or anticholinergic toxidrome secondary to accidental consumption of Datura seeds. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report two cases of Datura intoxication in two children who presented marked anticholinergic syndrome whose diagnosis was made by the anamnesis and the clinic. RESULT: Patient 1: A 5-year-old boy, returns home agitated with balance disorders. He was admitted to pediatric resuscitation unit...
June 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755366/normal-values-of-corrected-heart-rate-variability-in-10-second-electrocardiograms-for-all-ages
#16
Marten E van den Berg, Peter R Rijnbeek, Maartje N Niemeijer, Albert Hofman, Gerard van Herpen, Michiel L Bots, Hans Hillege, Cees A Swenne, Mark Eijgelsheim, Bruno H Stricker, Jan A Kors
Purpose: Heart-rate variability (HRV) measured on standard 10-s electrocardiograms (ECGs) has been associated with increased risk of cardiac and all-cause mortality, but age- and sex-dependent normal values have not been established. Since heart rate strongly affects HRV, its effect should be taken into account. We determined a comprehensive set of normal values of heart-rate corrected HRV derived from 10-s ECGs for both children and adults, covering both sexes. Methods: Five population studies in the Netherlands (Pediatric Normal ECG Study, Leiden University Einthoven Science Project, Prevention of Renal and Vascular End-stage Disease Study, Utrecht Health Project, Rotterdam Study) provided 10-s, 12-lead ECGs...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754204/diagnosing-arvc-in-pediatric-patients-applying-the-revised-task-force-criteria-importance-of-imaging-12-lead-ecg-and-genetics
#17
Michael Steinmetz, Ulrich Krause, Peter Lauerer, Frank Konietschke, Randolph Aguayo, Christian Oliver Ritter, Andreas Schuster, Joachim Lotz, Thomas Paul, Wieland Staab
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a potentially lethal disease that is well described in adults. In pediatric patients, however, identification of patients at risk of adverse events of ARVC remains a challenge. We aimed to determine which criteria of the revised Task Force Criteria (rTFC), alone or combined, have an impact on diagnosis of ARVC when compared to disease-specific genetic mutations in pediatric patients ≤ 18 years. Between September 2010 and December 2013, 48 consecutive young patients ≤ 18 years of age (mean 14, range of 12...
May 12, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746361/prolonged-qrs-widening-after-aripiprazole-overdose
#18
Maryann Mazer-Amirshahi, Robert Porter, Kayla Dewey
BACKGROUND: Aripiprazole is an atypical antipsychotic with a long half-life. Overdose can result in protracted somnolence and cardiac disturbances, particularly QT interval prolongation. METHODS: This is a single case report of a 14-year-old boy who took an overdose of aripiprazole and developed QRS widening. CASE: A 14-year-old boy intentionally ingested 20 tablets of aripiprazole (5 mg). He was brought to the emergency department when his ingestion was discovered...
May 5, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720913/effects-of-methadone-on-corrected-q-t-interval-prolongation-in-critically-ill-children
#19
Travis S Heath, Rachel G Greenberg, Susan R Hupp, David A Turner, Christoph P Hornik, Kanecia O Zimmerman
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the association between methadone use and corrected Q-T interval (QTc) prolongation in critically ill children. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of critically ill children receiving methadone at a tertiary care pediatric hospital was conducted. Patients younger than 19 years who had been admitted to the intensive care unit between January 1, 2009, and June 21, 2013, who had received methadone while inpatients, and who had had electrocardiograms (ECGs) performed within 30 days before and after methadone initiation were included...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694606/cardiovascular-abnormalities-in-patients-with-oral-cleft-a-clinical-electrocardiographic-echocardiographic-study
#20
Gisele C P Leite, Marcela A G Ururahy, João F Bezerra, Valéria M G D M Lima, Maria I F Costa, Sandra S C Freire, André D Luchessi, Jussara M C Maia, Maria E F Brito, Vera L Gil-da-Silva-Lopes, Adriana A Rezende
OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to describe the clinical, electrocardiographic, and echocardiographic cardiological findings in a group of patients with oral clefts. METHODS: This is a prospective cross-sectional study on 70 children (age range from 13 days to 19 years) with oral clefts who attended the multidisciplinary program of a university hospital from March 2013 to September 2014. The patients were evaluated by a pediatric cardiologist and underwent detailed anamnesis, physical examination, electrocardiogram, and echocardiogram...
2018: Clinics
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