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self leadership

Lars Tummers, Bram Steijn, Barbara Nevicka, Madelon Heerema
Vitality refers to the experience of having energy available to one's self. Vital employees are full of positive energy when they work, and feel mentally and physically strong. Such employees often show higher job performance and lower stress than their less vital colleagues. Despite the importance of vitality, few public administration studies have studied vitality. More generally, by focusing on vitality, we aim to bring a "positive psychology" perspective into the domain of public administration...
September 2018: Review of Public Personnel Administration
Kelly Powers, Charlie L Reeve
BACKGROUND: Family presence during resuscitation is not widely implemented in clinical practice. Prior research about nurse factors that may influence their decision to invite family members to remain in the room during resuscitation is contradictory and inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: To describe intensive care unit nurses' perceptions, self-confidence, and invitations of family presence during resuscitation, and to evaluate differences according to nurse factors. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey design was used for descriptive and correlational analyses...
June 28, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Ellen A Schmid, Armin Pircher Verdorfer, Claudia V Peus
Destructive leadership comes in many shapes and forms. From reviewing the literature, we conclude that three major forms of destructive leader behaviors are described: (1) follower-directed destructive behaviors, i.e., genuine abusive forms of destructive leadership, (2) organization-directed behaviors, i.e., behaviors such as stealing from the organization or embezzlement, and (3) self-interested destructive leader behavior, i.e., leader who exploit others to reach their goals. One can easily imagine that these three types of leader behavior have very different effects on followers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Paul J Gregory, David Ring, Harry Rubash, Larry Harmon
Twelve service chiefs participated in 360° feedback surveys and coaching as part of a departmental leadership development activity. Changes in the means of both composite survey scores and individual behavioral item scores over time were evaluated with paired t tests. Agreement between self-rating and rating of others was evaluated with unpaired t tests. There was a nonsignificant change in overall behavioral performance (composite scores) for the physician leaders (n D 12) from baseline [mean (M) D 68.7, standard deviation (SD) D 16...
2018: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Immacolata Dall'Oglio, Rachele Mascolo, Emanuela Tiozzo, Anna Portanova, Martina Fiori, Orsola Gawronski, Andrea Dotta, Simone Piga, Caterina Offidani, Rosaria Alvaro, Gennaro Rocco, Jos M Latour
OBJECTIVES: To explore family-centred care practices in Italian neonatal intensive care units and describe areas for improvement. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multicentre, survey was conducted using the Italian language version of "Advancing family-centred new-born intensive care: a self-assessment inventory". The instrument is divided into 10 sections rating the status of family-centred care (1 = not at all, 5 = very well) and ranking the perceived priority for change/improvement (1 = low, 3 = high)...
July 31, 2018: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
Stella Babalola, Sulaimon T Adedokun, Anna McCartney-Melstad, Mathew Okoh, Sola Asa, Ian Tweedie, Andrew Tompsett
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains endemic in Nigeria despite programmes and policies put in place toward malaria elimination. Long-lasting insecticidal nets have been documented to offer protection from malaria by preventing mosquito bites. While many studies have examined the factors associated with the use of bed nets in Nigeria and across Africa, little information is available on the factors associated with consistency of use of bed nets. METHODS: The data for this study were derived from a household survey conducted in three states in Nigeria (Akwa Ibom, Kebbi and Nasarawa) between July and September 2015 by the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative, a 5-year cooperative agreement supported by the United States Agency for International Development and the US President's Malaria initiative and led by the Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs...
August 2, 2018: Malaria Journal
Patrick Ware, Heather J Ross, Joseph A Cafazzo, Audrey Laporte, Kayleigh Gordon, Emily Seto
BACKGROUND: Telemonitoring has shown promise for alleviating the burden of heart failure on individuals and health systems. However, real-world implementation of sustained programs is rare. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the implementation of a mobile phone-based telemonitoring program, which has been implemented as part of standard care in a specialty heart function clinic by answering two research questions: (1) To what extent was the telemonitoring program successfully implemented? (2) What were the barriers and facilitators to implementing the telemonitoring program? METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal single case study...
July 31, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Polly Mazanec, Gerri Lamb, Sheila Haas, Connie Dahlin, Alicia Mooney, Deborah LaFond
The Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association Palliative Nursing Summit (Summit) "Nurses Leading Change and Transforming Care" brought nurses from numerous specialties together to discuss collaboration in advancing primary palliative nursing. Nursing leadership was highlighted, and the future of integrating primary palliative care was emphasized. Three workshop groups held discussions on key collaborative topics of communication/advance care planning, pain and symptom management, and coordination of care/transition management (CCTM)...
February 2018: Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing: JHPN
Wais M Qarani, Rafat Jan, Khwaja M I Saeed, Laila Khymani
Aim: To explore the educational profile of nursing managers and head nurses at public hospitals in Kabul, Afghanistan. Design: A descriptive cross-sectional study design was employed. Method: A self-administered pre-tested questionnaire was used to recruit 86 nursing managers and head nurses from 17 public hospitals in Kabul. SPSS version 19 was used to analyze and report the data through descriptive statistics. Results: It was found that, none of the participant was prepared with higher education in nursing; rather they had only diploma in nursing; and 84...
July 2018: Nursing Open
L M Li
As a national strategy, the goal of Build a Healthy China is of significant importance on forming a well-off society, in which Public Health endeavor always stands an epi-center role. In developing the Healthy China strategy, we need to prioritize the people's health and recognize that Healthy China requires both brilliant health guidance and the belief of One Health. In addition, we must adhere to public welfare of health and health development. We should also take continuous reforming process and innovation as the fundamental motive force for promoting the construction of healthy China, with building up strong professional teams as one of the core elements...
July 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Jamilah Hackworth, Scott Steel, Erika Cooksey, Mallory DePalma, Jessica A Kahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Yvonne Bombard, G Ross Baker, Elaina Orlando, Carol Fancott, Pooja Bhatia, Selina Casalino, Kanecy Onate, Jean-Louis Denis, Marie-Pascale Pomey
BACKGROUND: To identify the strategies and contextual factors that enable optimal engagement of patients in the design, delivery, and evaluation of health services. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane, Scopus, PsychINFO, Social Science Abstracts, EBSCO, and ISI Web of Science from 1990 to 2016 for empirical studies addressing the active participation of patients, caregivers, or families in the design, delivery and evaluation of health services to improve quality of care...
July 26, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
Tina Kumra, Yea-Jen Hsu, Tina L Cheng, Jill A Marsteller, Maura McGuire, Lisa A Cooper
BACKGROUND: A health system's commitment to delivering culturally competent care is essential in creating a culture of respect for patients, clinicians, and administrative staff. As the diversity of the health care workforce grows, gaining an understanding of the perspectives among different health care personnel and the value that they place on organizational cultural competence is a first step in developing more effective team environments. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to determine whether an association exists between perceptions of organizational cultural competence and teamwork climate among employees in a health system...
July 24, 2018: Health Care Management Review
Atir Khan, Kevin Rh Teoh, Saiful Islam, Juliet Hassard
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are twofold. First, to examine the direct effect of psychosocial work characteristics (as measured by job autonomy and work-related pressure) in relation to self-reported psychological morbidity symptoms and early retirement intentions among a sample of hospital consultants in the National Health Service (NHS). Second, to investigate burnout as mediating variable (ie, indirect effect) of these postulated associations. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study...
July 23, 2018: BMJ Open
David A Dave Davis, Graham T McMahon
BACKGROUND: Failure to translate best evidence into practice often generates inappropriate, unsafe, and costly healthcare. The continuing professional development (CPD) of physicians and other health professionals represents a widely underutilized strategy to improve both clinician performance and healthcare quality and safety. The evidence: Despite the clear evidence of the potential impact of CPD based in learning theory and science, some CPD providers, health systems, and clinicians themselves implement less-than-effective effective learning strategies...
July 23, 2018: Medical Teacher
E Rosqvist, S Lauritsalo, J Paloneva
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: As conducting the regular trauma team simulation training is expensive and time-consuming, its effects must be explored. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of a structured 2-h in situ multiprofessional trauma team simulation training course on non-technical skills. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study comprised 90 trauma teams with 430 participants. The structured, 2-h course consisted of an introductory lecture and two different simulations with debriefings...
July 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
Kathryn Wirtz Rugen, Nancy Harada, Faith Harrington, Mary A Dolansky, Judith L Bowen
BACKGROUND: Nurse Practitioner (NP) Postgraduate Residency programs are rapidly expanding. Currently, little is known about trainees' self-perceptions during these experiences. PURPOSE: Describe NP residents' perceptions of their strengths, areas for improvement, and goals while participating in the Veterans Affairs Centers of Excellence in Primary Care Education NP Residency program. METHODS: NP residents responded to open-ended questions at three time points across their training year...
June 20, 2018: Nursing Outlook
Alexandra Monkhouse, Leanne Sadler, Andrew Boyd, Fleur Kitsell
BACKGROUND: The importance of leadership development in the early stages of careers in the NHS has been highlighted in recent years and many programmes have been implemented which seek to develop leadership skills in healthcare professionals. The Improving Global Health (IGH) Fellowship scheme is one such programme, it provides a unique leadership development opportunity through an overseas placement with a focus on quality improvement work. This evaluation examines the impact of completing an IGH Fellowship on the career and leadership development of participants, who are referred to as Fellows...
July 17, 2018: Globalization and Health
Amelie G Ramirez, Kipling J Gallion, Arely Perez, Rebecca T Adeigbe, Edgar Munoz, Rena J Pasick
Latinos lag behind other racial/ethnic groups in pursuit of master's and doctoral degrees in public health and the health sciences. Éxito! is modeled after the Minority Training Program in Cancer Control Research (MTPCCR), which found that Latino participants went on to doctoral programs at a lower rate (12%) than African American (36%) and Asian participants (33%). Éxito! Latino Cancer Research Leadership Training is designed to increase the number of Latinos who pursue doctoral degrees and careers in cancer health disparity (CHD) research...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Seon Mi Cho, JiSun Choi
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationships between registered nurses' (RNs') perceptions of the culture of patient safety in their workplace and their patient safety competency-attitudes, skills, and knowledge. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used. Data were collected by using a self-reported survey from 343 RNs working in a university hospital in Seoul, South Korea. METHODS: Patient safety culture was measured using the Korean version of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (Hospital SOPSTM)...
July 15, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
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