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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30333685/from-self-defeating-to-other-defeating-examining-the-effects-of-leader-procrastination-on-follower-work-outcomes
#1
Alison Legood, Allan Lee, Gary Schwarz, Alexander Newman
This research examines the influence of leader procrastination on employee attitudes and behaviours. While previous studies have typically viewed procrastination as a form of self-defeating behaviour, this research explores its effects on others in the workplace. In Study 1, using data collected from 290 employees, we demonstrate the discriminant and relative predictive validity of leader procrastination on leadership effectiveness compared with laissez-faire leadership and directive leadership. In Study 2, based on dyadic data collected in three phases from 250 employees and their 23 supervisors, we found that leader procrastination was associated with follower discretionary behaviour (organizational citizenship behaviour and deviant behaviour)...
June 2018: Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30333112/perceived-value-of-leadership-experiences-in-a-postgraduate-year-2-ambulatory-care-pharmacy-residency
#2
Lynsey C Smith, Rachana J Patel, Deanna Kurz, Beverly A Kroner
PURPOSE: Leadership experiences taught within the Kaiser Permanente Colorado (KPCO) postgraduate year 2 (PGY2) ambulatory care pharmacy residency program were evaluated. METHODS: KPCO leadership training incorporated 6 mandatory leadership sessions and offered a 6-week elective rotation. In this qualitative study, an 18-item semistructured interview guide was developed, tested, and administered telephonically to former KPCO PGY2 residents who had been in clinical practice for a minimum of 1 year...
October 17, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30333035/healthcare-workers-industrial-action-in-nigeria-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-nigerian-physicians
#3
Obinna Ositadimma Oleribe, Deborah Udofia, Olabisi Oladipo, Temitope Arike Ishola, Simon D Taylor-Robinson
BACKGROUND: The Nigerian health system has been plagued with numerous healthcare worker strikes (industrial action) at all levels. The purpose of this study is to document physicians' views on healthcare worker-initiated strike action in Nigeria and represent a follow-on to a previous study where poor leadership and management were cited as the most common cause of strike action by healthcare workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was executed between April and June 2017...
October 17, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321851/a-short-version-of-the-nurse-professional-competence-scale-for-measuring-nurses-self-reported-competence
#4
Jan Nilsson, Maria Engström, Jan Florin, Ann Gardulf, Marianne Carlsson
BACKGROUND: The Nurse Professional Competence (NPC) Scale with 88-items has been used to measure self-reported competence among nursing students and registered nurses in many national and international nursing research projects. However, a shorter version of the scale with maintained quality has been requested to further enhance its usability. OBJECTIVES: To develop and evaluate the construct validity and internal consistency of a shorter version of the NPC Scale...
September 29, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321029/energizing-leaders-via-self-reflection-a-within-person-field-experiment
#5
Klodiana Lanaj, Trevor A Foulk, Amir Erez
The leader role is demanding and depleting, explaining why many leaders struggle to remain engaged while doing their job. In this study, we present theory and an intervention focused on improving leader energy. Integrating cognitive energetics theory (Kruglanski et al., 2012) with leader identity theory and expressive writing research, we develop and test a positive leader self-reflection intervention, which asks leaders to reflect on aspects of their selves that make them good leaders. We expected that this intervention would improve leaders' access to and application of their energy in ways that would make them more influential at work...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312220/a-preliminary-investigation-of-health-and-work-environment-factors-on-presenteeism-in-the-workplace
#6
Alisha McGregor, Fred Ashbury, Peter Caputi, Donald Iverson
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the health and work-environment factors that are associated with presenteeism. METHOD: A self-report survey which measured presenteeism, 13 health conditions (e.g., stress and allergies) and nine work-environment factors (e.g., job strain and leadership) was completed by 229 workers. RESULTS: The most common health condition was stress, while the most common work-environment factor was job strain. Allergies, asthma and high blood pressure along with work-life imbalance, poor leadership and a lack of development opportunities were associated with presenteeism...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308962/every-day-s-a-new-day-a-captain-s-reflection-on-a-losing-season
#7
Fraser Carson, Julia Walsh
Being captain of any team is a significant and prestigious position. In elite sport, the captain plays a vital role in both team and organisational leadership. To date there has been minimal research investigating captaincy, and none assessing the impact of regularly losing performances. A captain of a women's national basketball league team participated in an in-depth, semi-structured interview reflecting on her experience during a losing season. Following Schutz's (1967) framework, a social phenomenological analysis approach was taken, with seven higher-order themes emerging: being captain; relationship with coaching staff; relationship with teammates; team development; stressors; stress management; and self...
October 10, 2018: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307588/competencies-to-guide-a-leadership-curriculum-for-family-medicine-chief-residents
#8
M Kim Marvel, Janell Wozniak, Alex J Reed
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chief resident leadership competencies are neither clear nor standardized. The goal of this project was to identify specific leadership skills for chief residents and to develop a self-assessment tool. METHODS: Chief residents from 10 family medicine residencies participated in focus groups to identify leadership skills required to be an effective chief resident. The ideas generated by participants were grouped into 10 competencies and a self-assessment tool was developed...
October 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305069/the-next-generation-scientist-program-capacity-building-for-future-scientific-leaders-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#9
Goonaseelan Pillai, Kelly Chibale, Edwin C Constable, Akiko N Keller, Marcelo M Gutierrez, Fareed Mirza, Christian Sengstag, Collen Masimirembwa, Paolo Denti, Gary Maartens, Michèle Ramsay, Bernhards Ogutu, Eyasu Makonnen, Richard Gordon, Carlos Gil Ferreira, Fernando Alberto Goldbaum, Wim M S Degrave, Jonathan Spector, Brigitta Tadmor, Hedwig J Kaiser
BACKGROUND: Scientific and professional development opportunities for early career scientists in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs) are limited and not consistent. There is a disproportionately low number of biomedical and clinical researchers in LMIC's relative to their high burden of disease, a disparity that is aggravated by emigration of up to 70% of scientists from their countries of birth for education and employment elsewhere. To help address this need, a novel University-accredited, immersive fellowship program was established by a large public-academic-private network...
October 10, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30303800/lessons-on-leadership
#10
Matthew S Davenport, N Reed Dunnick
Leadership is increasingly recognized as a distinct set of trainable skills that are different from the skills of management. Dedicated attention to these skills by future leaders and the people who hire them is necessary to stem the tide of failed leadership that continues to remain all too common. Effective leaders prioritize others over self and are skilled communicators. They integrate information from disparate parties, encourage collaborative engagement, create a sense of urgency, and set the organizational vision...
October 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30303785/running-a-radiology-residency-program-strategies-for-success
#11
David S Sarkany, Anuradha S Shenoy-Bhangle, Tara M Catanzano, Tabitha A Fineberg, Ronald L Eisenberg, Priscilla J Slanetz
Running a successful radiology residency program requires departments to navigate the evolving educational landscape at the departmental, institutional, and national levels. To attract the best applicants, departments must invest time and money to support the leadership of the program and its faculty to provide innovative educational opportunities in a positive learning environment while simultaneously complying with all of the requirements of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. The key administrative requirements of a successful radiology residency program are described and can be grouped into (a) essential administrative components, (b) the clinical learning environment review and self-study process, and (c) resident recruitment...
October 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299115/the-impact-of-leader-moral-humility-on-follower-moral-self-efficacy-and-behavior
#12
Bradley P Owens, Kai Chi Yam, Jeffrey S Bednar, Jianghua Mao, David W Hart
This study utilizes social-cognitive theory, humble leadership theory, and the behavioral ethics literature to theoretically develop the concept of leader moral humility and its effects on followers. Specifically, we propose a theoretical model wherein leader moral humility and follower implicit theories about morality interact to predict follower moral efficacy, which in turn increases follower prosocial behavior and decreases follower unethical behavior. We furthermore suggest that these effects are strongest when followers hold an incremental implicit theory of morality (i...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291713/building-on-primary-care-reforms-and-indigenous-self-determination-in-the-northwest-territories-physician-accountability-and-performance-in-context
#13
Susan Chatwood
This commentary responds to Marchildon and Sherar's (2018) paper, "Doctors and Canadian Medicare: Improving Accountability and Performance," in which they explore questions around governance and physician accountability in Canada. This response situates the issues raised in a northern context by sharing experiences with primary care reform in the Northwest Territories and exploring the implications these changes have had for physician accountability and reported system improvements. Physician leadership and accountability are further explored in the northern context, where health systems for Indigenous communities include multiple jurisdictions and transitions in governance advance the self-government, land claims and treaty rights of Indigenous peoples...
April 2018: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282493/-even-the-fowl-has-feelings-access-to-hiv-information-and-services-among-persons-with-disabilities-in-ghana-uganda-and-zambia
#14
Katie D Schenk, Waimar Tun, Meredith Sheehy, Jerry Okal, Emmanuel Kuffour, Grimond Moono, Felix Mutale, Rita Kyeremaa, Edson Ngirabakunzi, Ugochukwu Amanyeiwe, Suzanne Leclerc-Madlala
BACKGROUND: Persons with disabilities have often been overlooked in the context of HIV and AIDS risk prevention and service provision. This paper explores access to and use of HIV information and services among persons with disabilities. METHODS: We conducted a multi-country qualitative research study at urban and rural sites in Uganda, Zambia, and Ghana: three countries selected to exemplify different stages of the HIV response to persons with disabilities. We conducted key informant interviews with government officials and service providers, and focus group discussions with persons with disabilities and caregivers...
October 3, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30258379/relationships-between-personal-values-and-leadership-behaviors-in-basketball-coaches
#15
Isabel Castillo, Francisco L Adell, Octavio Alvarez
Background: Based on the refined theory of basic individual values and transformational leadership theory, this study focuses on the associations between coaches' value priorities and their transformational leadership behaviors, exploring the potential mediation versus moderation effect of two alternative variables in this relationship: perceived club pressure or an autonomy supportive environment. Methods: Participants were 266 basketball coaches (85.7% men) from 17 to 66 years old ( M = 32.82, SD = 9.2) from 119 different Spanish clubs...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30258297/health-disparities-educational-initiative-for-residents
#16
Brian L Benson, MinhChau Ha, R Brent Stansfield, Tsveti Markova
Background: The Wayne State University Graduate Medical Education (GME) Office and Ascension Crittenton Hospital developed an educational initiative to increase resident awareness of health disparities and local community health priorities. The Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) rapid-cycle performance improvement framework was used for implementation and evaluation. Methods: During the first PDSA cycle, residents attended 5 didactic sessions. During the second PDSA cycle, residents participated in a problem-based learning (PBL) case...
2018: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257135/self-leadership-and-stress-among-college-students-examining-the-moderating-role-of-coping-skills-%C3%A2
#17
Sherry A Maykrantz, Jeffery D Houghton
OBJECTIVE: Stress remains a major health concern among college students today. Consequently, research on student stress is imperative, from both an organizational and an individual perspective. This research study explores the moderating role of coping skills on the relationship between self-leadership and stress among college students. PARTICIPANTS: Data from 643 full-time undergraduate students attending a 4-year public university in the mid-Atlantic region were collected in February 2017 and analyzed using a moderated regression model...
September 26, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30251754/association-development-and-professional-transformation-model-for-nurse-leaders
#18
Sharon Spencer, Ann Bianchi, Ellen Buckner
AIMS: This pilot study evaluated an Association Development and Professional Transformation (ADAPT) model for nursing leadership development and assessed satisfaction with the ADAPT workshop. BACKGROUND: Nurses often lack self-confidence and self-efficacy in leadership roles. There is a need for nurses to take leadership opportunities that serve to advance the nursing profession. METHODS: A quasi-experimental pre-test post-test design was used...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30248620/a-visual-management-tool-for-program-planning-project-management-and-evaluation-in-paediatric-health-care
#19
Stephanie M N Glegg, Andrea Ryce, Kala Brownlee
This article describes the development and implementation of a custom-designed Excel-based visual management tool. The tool's purpose was to support program planning and evaluation by our resource support team within a paediatric health care setting. Our aims in developing it were to 1) establish a streamlined process and supporting tools to efficiently plan and prioritize program directions and activities; 2) track progress; and 3) evaluate and report on our performance, outputs and outcomes. A collaborative approach based on the ADKAR (Awareness, Desire, Knowledge, Ability, Reinforcement) change management model and the LEADS (Lead self, Engage others, Achieve results, Develop coalitions, Systems transformation) leadership framework was used to guide the design and implementation processes...
September 17, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30245499/technology-s-cutting-edge-futurism-and-research-in-the-red-army-1917-1937
#20
Ian Johnson
Seeking to defend the new Soviet Union with a devastated economic base and a vast technical gap with the West, Soviet military planners sought in new technology and the language of science the possibility of self-defense. Within that context, a group of young officers emerged as military futurists. Specifically, they theorized that technology was the decisive factor in war, and that technology had changed so fundamentally after 1918 that the operational lessons of the First World War were limited in usefulness...
2018: Technology and Culture
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