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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636245/weight-gain-in-the-first-week-of-life-predicts-overweight-at-2%C3%A2-years-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Lori Feldman-Winter, Laura Burnham, Xena Grossman, Stephanie Matlak, Ning Chen, Anne Merewood
In formula-fed infants, rapid weight gain during the first week of life is associated with later obesity. To examine the association between weight gain during the first week and overweight at age 2 among infants with various feeding practices and the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding in early infancy and overweight, we enrolled a prospective cohort of healthy mother-infant dyads and followed them for 2 years. We enrolled 450 mother/infant pairs and obtained information on 306 infants at year 2...
June 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631935/hospital-supplementation-differentially-impacts-the-association-between-breastfeeding-intention-and-duration-among-women-with-and-without-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-history
#2
Yiska Loewenberg Weisband, Joseph Rausch, Rashmi Kachoria, Erica P Gunderson, Reena Oza-Frank
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how in-hospital supplementation with water, infant formula, or sugar water affects the relationship between breastfeeding intentions and duration, and whether this differs by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) history. Our study objectives were to assess the associations between GDM and exclusive breastfeeding intentions, hospital supplementation, and breastfeeding duration, including whether hospital supplementation mediates the association between exclusive breastfeeding intentions and breastfeeding duration...
June 20, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631934/breast-milk-from-smokers-contains-less-cholesterol-and-protein-and-smaller-size-of-apolipoprotein-a-i-resulting-in-lower-zebrafish-embryo-survivability
#3
Seong-Min Kim, Suk-Jeong Kim, Jae-Yong Kim, Jae-Ryong Kim, Kyung-Hyun Cho
BACKGROUND: To determine the quality of breast milk (BM), we compared the functions of BM from ex-smokers and nonsmokers. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the contents of lipids, glucose, and protein in BM from ex-smokers (10 cigarettes/day for 13 ± 3 years) as well as infant formula. RESULTS: Nonsmokers' BM showed 2.4- and 1.4-fold higher cholesterol and protein contents, respectively, than BM from smokers. Infant formula contained almost no cholesterol, but did show remarkably higher glucose and triglyceride levels than BM...
June 20, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630878/prediction-of-brain-tissue-temperature-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#4
Lisa Holper, Subhabrata Mitra, Gemma Bale, Nicola Robertson, Ilias Tachtsidis
Broadband near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can provide an endogenous indicator of tissue temperature based on the temperature dependence of the water absorption spectrum. We describe a first evaluation of the calibration and prediction of brain tissue temperature obtained during hypothermia in newborn piglets (animal dataset) and rewarming in newborn infants (human dataset) based on measured body (rectal) temperature. The calibration using partial least squares regression proved to be a reliable method to predict brain tissue temperature with respect to core body temperature in the wavelength interval of 720 to 880 nm with a strong mean predictive power of [Formula: see text] (animal dataset) and [Formula: see text] (human dataset)...
April 2017: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630084/maternal-lifestyle-and-nutritional-status-in-relation-to-pregnancy-and-infant-health-outcomes-in-western-china-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Li Tang, Xiong-Fei Pan, Andy H Lee, Colin W Binns, Chun-Xia Yang, Xin Sun
INTRODUCTION: Improving the health and nutrition of women and children is a priority for Western China, where the economy is less developed. Due to the dynamic nature of lifestyle, modern food habits and nutrition, there is a need to update our limited knowledge and understanding of maternal lifestyle and nutritional status and their impact on pregnancy and infant health outcomes. While breast milk is the preferred feeding option, infant formula use is widespread in China. It is thus necessary to examine the effects of formula consumption on growth and morbidity...
June 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629410/he-s-just-content-to-sit-a-qualitative-study-of-mothers-perceptions-of-infant-obesity-and-physical-activity
#6
Danae Dinkel, Kailey Snyder, Anastasia Kyvelidou, Victoria Molfese
BACKGROUND: Rates of obesity among children ages zero to five are rapidly increasing. Greater efforts are needed to promote healthy behaviors of young children. Mothers are especially important targets for promoting health as mothers' views play a vital role in helping their children foster healthy habits from an early age. Research has found parents' views of infants' weight may influence their feeding practices; however, limited research has explored mothers' view of infants' weight in relation to the promotion of physical activity...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628710/marketing-claims-for-infant-formula-additives-and-infant-formula-reply
#7
Helen K Hughes, Michael M Landa, Joshua M Sharfstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628703/marketing-claims-for-infant-formula-additives-and-infant-formula
#8
George Kent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623320/postprandial-metabolic-response-of-breast-fed-infants-and-infants-fed-lactose-free-vs-regular-infant-formula-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Carolyn M Slupsky, Xuan He, Olle Hernell, Yvonne Andersson, Colin Rudolph, Bo Lönnerdal, Christina E West
Lactose intolerance is a major concern driving the growth of lactose-free foods including lactose-free infant formula. It is unknown what the metabolic consequence is of consumption of a formula where lactose has been replaced with corn syrup solids (CSS). Here, a randomized double-blinded intervention study was conducted where exclusively formula-fed infants were fed formula containing either lactose or CSS-based infant formula and compared with an equal number of exclusively breast-fed infants. Plasma metabolites and insulin were measured at baseline, 15, 30, 60, 90 and 120 min after feeding...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622781/-iron-requirements-during-the-first-6-months-of-life
#10
A Lapillonne, O Becquet
Because of the postnatal redistribution of the iron store, the term infant born after an uneventful pregnancy virtually needs no iron during its first 6 months of life. On the other hand, several factors, such as duration of gestation, gender, mother's iron status, alteration of the iron placental transfer, significantly influence the iron store at birth. Because of their reduced body store at birth and their higher demand during catch-up growth, low birth weight infants should receive an iron supplement, which should be started earlier and given at a higher dose in the more premature infants...
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622779/-iron-in-nutrition
#11
P Tounian, J-P Chouraqui
Iron deficiency is the main nutritional disease worldwide. The multidisciplinary working group of the French Pediatric Society on iron assessed the following recommendations. Since iron is variably absorbed depending on foods, the group defined absorbed iron requirements instead of dietary iron requirements. Iron-rich foods should be introduced at 4-months of age in some breast-fed infants. Between 7 and 11 month-old, formula-fed infants should drink at least 700ml per day of follow-on formula and partially or totally breast-fed infants should receive oral iron supplementation...
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622483/human-milk-fortifiers-do-not-meet-the-current-recommendation-for-nutrients-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#12
Winston Koo, Hilary Tice
BACKGROUND: Use of multinutrient fortifiers is standard of care for small preterm infants fed exclusively human milk. However, adequacy of human milk fortifiers (HMFs) to meet the recommended intake for macronutrients and micronutrients is now known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nutrient content of human milk fortified according to manufacturer's recommendations was compared at isocaloric levels for 1 human milk-based (HMF-A), 2 bovine milk protein-based (HMF-B, HMF-C), and 2 preterm infant formulas (PTF-B, PTF-C)...
June 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621584/inactivation-of-nondesiccated-and-desiccated-cronobacter-sakazakii-in-reconstituted-infant-formula-by-combination-of-citral-and-mild-heat
#13
Chao Shi, Zhenyu Jia, Yi Sun, Yifei Chen, Du Guo, Zhiyuan Liu, Qiwu Wen, Xiao Guo, Linlin Ma, Baowei Yang, Allah Bux Baloch, Xiaodong Xia
The objective of this study was to evaluate the combined effect of citral plus mild heat on nondesiccated and desiccated Cronobacter sakazakii in reconstituted infant formula. Various concentrations of citral (0, 0.3, 0.6, and 0.9%) combined with various temperatures (25, 45, 50, and 55°C) were applied to nondesiccated and desiccated cocktails of three C. sakazakii strains (approximately 6.0 log CFU mL(-1)) in reconstituted infant formula, and the bacterial populations were assayed periodically. The combined treatments had marked antimicrobial effects on C...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621407/determination-of-microelements-in-human-milk-and-infant-formula-without-digestion-by-icp-oes
#14
Dijana Đurović, Branka Milisavljević, Mirjana Nedović-Vuković, Branislav Potkonjak, Snežana Spasić, Miroslav Vrvić
The concentrations of zinc (Zn), iron (Fe) and copper (Cu) in both human milk and infant formula were determined using a new sample preparation method, by inductively coupled plasma - optical emission spectometry (ICP-OES) and flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). Human milk samples were diluted in ultrapure water. The infant formula of powder samples (suitable for an infant 1-6 months of age) and standard reference material (SRM-1849) were analyzed in parallel. The results have shown that FAAS method was more sensitive for Fe determination in human milk while ICP-OES was more sensitive for both Zn and Cu detection...
June 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620918/development-of-a-h2-o2-sensitive-quantum-dots-based-fluorescent-sandwich-elisa-for-sensitive-detection-of-bovine-%C3%AE-lactoglobulin-by-monoclonal-antibody
#15
Shengfa He, Xin Li, Jinyan Gao, Ping Tong, Hongbing Chen
BACKGROUND: Bovine β-lactoglobulin (BLG) is the major allergen in cows' milk, and specific epitope play a key role in food allergy. Developing a method specifically bind to IgE epitope is necessary for testing BLG and its allergenic residues. RESULTS: The monoclonal antibody (1G9) specific to IgE linear epitope for BLG was identified as high affinity and specificity. Based on 1G9, a sensitive fluorescent sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (sELISA) was successfully developed using catalase-mediated fluorescence quenching of thiolated CdTe quantum dots in the presence of hydrogen peroxide as fluorescent signal output...
June 16, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619255/infant-nutrition-and-maternal-obesity-influence-the-risk-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents
#16
Oyekoya T Ayonrinde, Wendy H Oddy, Leon A Adams, Trevor A Mori, Lawrence J Beilin, Nicholas de Klerk, John K Olynyk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The pathway to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents may have its origins in adiposity gains, nutrition and sedentary lifestyle established during childhood. There is inadequate knowledge regarding the associations between infant nutrition and subsequent NAFLD. We examined the association of maternal factors and infant nutrition, with the subsequent diagnosis of NAFLD in adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents aged 17years in the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Cohort study had fatty liver assessment using liver ultrasound...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616059/supramolecular-structure-of-dietary-fat-in-early-life-modulates-expression-of-markers-for-mitochondrial-content-and-capacity-in-adipose-tissue-of-adult-mice
#17
Andrea Kodde, Eline M van der Beek, Esther Phielix, Eefje Engels, Lidewij Schipper, Annemarie Oosting
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that early life nutrition can modulate the development of white adipose tissue and thereby affect the risk on obesity and metabolic disease later in life. For instance, postnatal feeding with a concept infant milk formula with large, phospholipid coated lipid droplets (Concept, Nuturis®), resulted in reduced adiposity in adult mice. The present study investigated whether differences in cell energy metabolism, using markers of mitochondrial content and capacity, may contribute to the observed effects...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611768/innate-immunity-and-breast-milk
#18
REVIEW
Nicole Theresa Cacho, Robert M Lawrence
Human milk is a dynamic source of nutrients and bioactive factors; unique in providing for the human infant's optimal growth and development. The growing infant's immune system has a number of developmental immune deficiencies placing the infant at increased risk of infection. This review focuses on how human milk directly contributes to the infant's innate immunity. Remarkable new findings clarify the multifunctional nature of human milk bioactive components. New research techniques have expanded our understanding of the potential for human milk's effect on the infant that will never be possible with milk formulas...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606217/nutritional-support-for-low-birth-weight-infants-insights-from-animal-studies
#19
Na Li, Wei Wang, Guoyao Wu, Junjun Wang
Infants born with low birth weights (<2500 g, LBW), accounting for about 15 % of newborns, have a high risk for postnatal growth failure and developing the metabolic syndromes such as type 2 diabetes, CVD and obesity later in life. Improper nutrition provision during critical stages, such as undernutrition during the fetal period or overnutrition during the neonatal period, has been an important mediator of these metabolic diseases. Considering the specific physiological status of LBW infants, nutritional intervention and optimisation during early life merit further attention...
June 13, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604516/mineral-intake-and-status-of-cow-s-milk-allergic-infants-consuming-an-amino-acid-based-formula
#20
B M Harvey, S R B M Eussen, Lucien F Harthoorn, A W Burks
Data on the mineral status of infants with cow's milk allergy (CMA) consuming an amino acid-based formula (AAF) have not been published. The present study aims to assess mineral status of term infants aged 0-8 months diagnosed with CMA receiving an AAF for 16 weeks. Serum concentrations of calcium, phosphorus, chloride, sodium, potassium, magnesium and ferritin were determined in 82 subjects at baseline and in 66 subjects after 16 weeks on AAF using standard methods and evaluated against age-specific reference ranges...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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