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premature rupture membranes review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085434/current-facts-constituting-an-understanding-of-the-nature-of-adenomyosis
#1
REVIEW
Veronika Aleksandrovych, Paweł Basta, Krzysztof Gil
Adenomyosis seems to be the most widespread coexistent pathology included under the umbrella of common benign disorders of the human uterus. The incidence of adenomyosis is under discussion since different imaging criteria are used. In the majority of cases, prevalence is determined among women with uterine fibroids and endometriosis or severe gynecological symptoms. This common benign pathology is asymptomatic in 1/3 of cases. Up to 50% of women with infertility are affected by adenomyosis. It seems to be an important risk factor for spontaneous pre-term delivery and pre-term premature rupture of the membranes...
August 7, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016035/preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes
#2
César H Meller, María E Carducci, José M Ceriani Cernadas, Lucas Otaño
Preterm premature rupture of membranes occurs in around 3% of pregnancies, and several aspects related to its management are still controversial. The objective of this update is to provide a detailed review of strategies aimed at reducing morbidity and mortality associated with this maternal condition. We will discuss the available evidence regarding the maternal use of antibiotics, the use of corticosteroids according to gestational age, the use of magnesium sulphate for fetal neuroprotection, the use of tocolytic agents, and the best moment for and route of delivery...
August 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013522/amastigote-synapse-the-tricks-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-extracellular-amastigotes
#3
Alexis Bonfim-Melo, Eden R Ferreira, Pilar T V Florentino, Renato A Mortara
To complete its life cycle within the mammalian host, Trypanosoma cruzi , the agent of Chagas' disease, must enter cells. Trypomastigotes originating from the insect vector (metacyclic) or from infected cells (bloodstream/tissue culture-derived) are the classical infective forms of the parasite and enter mammalian cells in an actin-independent manner. By contrast, amastigotes originating from the premature rupture of infected cells or transformed from swimming trypomastigotes (designated extracellular amastigotes, EAs) require functional intact microfilaments to invade non-phagocytic host cells...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29970019/cerclage-is-associated-with-the-increased-risk-of-preterm-birth-in-women-who-had-cervical-conization
#4
Geum Joon Cho, Yung-Taek Ouh, Log Young Kim, Tae-Seon Lee, Geun U Park, Ki Hoon Ahn, Soon-Cheol Hong, Min-Jeong Oh, Hai-Joong Kim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of cerclage in women who underwent cervical conization. METHODS: Study data were collected from the Korea National Health Insurance Claims Database of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service for 2009-2013. Women who had a conization in 2009 and a subsequent first delivery between 2009 and 2013 in Korea were enrolled. RESULTS: Among the women who had conization in 2009, 1075 women had their first delivery between 2009 and 2013...
July 3, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29955897/preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-a-review-of-3-national-guidelines
#5
Ioannis Tsakiridis, Apostolos Mamopoulos, Eleni-Markella Chalkia-Prapa, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Themistoklis Dagklis
Importance: Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is a major cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare recommendations from published national guidelines for pregnancies complicated with PPROM. Evidence Acquisition: A descriptive review of 3 national guidelines on PPROM was performed: the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists on "Preterm Prelabour Rupture of Membranes," the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists on "Premature Rupture of Membranes," and the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada on "Antibiotic Therapy in Preterm Premature Rupture of the Membranes...
June 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921428/outcomes-of-selective-reduction-of-dcda-twins-complicated-by-pv-prom-compared-with-expectant-management-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Brendan Lim, Blair Butler, Alain Gagnon, Kenneth Lim, Gerald Marquette, Leanne Dahlgren
OBJECTIVE: To report the outcomes of selective reduction (SR) in dichorionic twins complicated by pre-viable, premature rupture of membranes (PV-PROM). METHODS: Retrospective case series. Ultrasound database was searched for cases of dichorionic twin pregnancy with PV-PROM, either managed conservatively or with SR. Chart reviews were done for these cases. Simple descriptive statistics were used where appropriate. RESULTS: Twenty-two cases of expectantly managed dichorionic twins complicated by PV-PROM with delivery information were available for analysis...
July 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777635/reducing-the-number-of-obstetrical-beds-by-challenging-traditions
#7
Camilla D Salvig, Marie H Storkholm, Jannie D Salvig, Niels Uldbjerg
The aim of this commentary is to describe changes in women's care at an obstetric department that made it possible to reduce the number of beds from 40 to 29. Patient pathways were reviewed and revised using lean methodology. The mean length of stay was reduced from 70 to 59 h and the mean numbers of hospitalizations per woman from 1.26 to 1.20. At the organizational level, we introduced a Family Department, home management of newborns, home monitoring of the women with cardiotocography and blood samples, and intrapartum Group B Streptococcus-PCR...
May 19, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726290/alpha-lipoic-acid-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#8
Chiara Di Tucci, Mara Di Feliciantonio, Flaminia Vena, Carmela Capone, Michele Carlo Schiavi, Daniela Pietrangeli, Ludovico Muzii, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
Alpha-Lipoic acid (ALA) is a natural antioxidant synthetized by plants and animals, identified as a catalytic agent for oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate and α-ketoglutarate. In this review, we analyzed the action of ALA in gynecology and obstetrics focusing in particular on neuropathic pain and antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action. A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed and Cochrane Library for retrieving articles in English language on the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of ALA in gynecological and obstetrical conditions...
May 4, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707205/timely-referral-saves-the-lives-of-mothers-and-newborns-midwifery-led-continuum-of-care-in-marginalized-teagarden-communities-a-qualitative-case-study-in-bangladesh
#9
Animesh Biswas, Rondi Anderson, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Abu Sayeed Md Abdullah, Nabila Purno, Fazlur Rahman, Abdul Halim
Background: Prompt and efficient identification, referral of pregnancy related complications and emergencies are key factors to the reduction of maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. As a response to this critical need, a midwifery led continuum of reproductive health care was introduced in five teagardens in the Sylhet division, Bangladesh during 2016. Within this intervention, professional midwives provided reproductive healthcare to pregnant teagarden women in the community.  This study evaluates the effect of the referral of pregnancy related complications...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614278/progestogens-in-singleton-gestations-with-preterm-prelabor-rupture-of-membranes-a-systematic-review-and-metaanalysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Johanna Quist-Nelson, Pamela Parker, Neggin Mokhtari, Rossana Di Sarno, Gabriele Saccone, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVE DATA: Preterm prelabor rupture of membranes occurs in 3% of all pregnancies. Neonatal benefit is seen in uninfected women who do not deliver immediately after preterm prelabor rupture of membranes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the administration of progestogens in singleton pregnancies prolongs pregnancy after preterm prelabor rupture of membranes. STUDY: Searches were performed in MEDLINE, OVID, Scopus, EMBASE, ClinicalTrials.gov, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials with the use of a combination of keywords and text words related to "progesterone," "progestogen," "prematurity," and "preterm premature rupture of membranes" from the inception of the databases until January 2018...
March 31, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571124/prevention-and-management-of-genital-herpes-simplex-infection-during-pregnancy-and-delivery-guidelines-from-the-french-college-of-gynaecologists-and-obstetricians-cngof
#11
REVIEW
Marie-Victoire Sénat, Olivia Anselem, Olivier Picone, Laurent Renesme, Nicolas Sananès, Christelle Vauloup-Fellous, Yann Sellier, Jean-Pierre Laplace, Loïc Sentilhes
OBJECTIVE: Identify measures to diagnose, prevent, and treat genital herpes infection during pregnancy and childbirth as well as neonatal herpes infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bibliographic search from the Medline and Cochrane Library databases and review of international clinical practice guidelines. RESULTS: Genital herpes lesions are most often due to HSV-2 (LE2). The risk of HSV seroconversion during pregnancy is 1-5% (LE2). Genital herpes lesions during pregnancy in a woman with a history of genital herpes is a recurrence...
May 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495215/-progress-on-influencing-factors-regarding-the-neonatal-group-b-streptococcal-infectious-diseases
#12
X Hong, H Yu, B Wang
Group B streptococcus (GBS) is one of the severe pathogenic bacteria during the perinatal period, both on pregnant women and newborns. GBS infection may lead to pneumonia, septicemia, meningitis or other severe disease, even death in neonates. Although only 1%-2% infections will develop into GBS disease among the neonates, the etiological mechanism of which is worth researching. This review summarizes the possible factors related to GBS infection or occurrence of the disease, including the risk in gestation period (for example, colonization of GBS on vagina of pregnant women, preterm birth or premature rupture of fetal membranes and so on), related pathogens (bacteria strains, loads or virulence), immune level (inflammatory factor or neutralizing anticytokine auto-Abs), gene defect or primary immunodeficiencies of the hosts...
February 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465747/antibiotics-for-treating-gonorrhoea-in-pregnancy
#13
REVIEW
Gabriella Comunián-Carrasco, Guiomar E Peña-Martí, Arturo J Martí-Carvajal
BACKGROUND: Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection that is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and is a major public health challenge today. N gonorrhoeae can be transmitted from the mother's genital tract to the newborn during birth, and can cause gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum as well as systemic neonatal infections. It can also cause endometritis and pelvic sepsis in the mother. This review updates and replaces an earlier Cochrane Review on antibiotics for treating this infectious condition...
February 21, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436080/fetoscopic-laser-photocoagulation-for-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome
#14
Haruhiko Sago, Keisuke Ishii, Rika Sugibayashi, Katsusuke Ozawa, Masahiro Sumie, Seiji Wada
The aim of this study was to review fetoscopic laser photocoagulation (FLP), which ablates placental vascular anastomoses to treat twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). A review of studies reporting on the procedures, outcomes, complications and nonconventional applications of FLP for TTTS was conducted. FLP has been established as the primary treatment for monochorionic twin pregnancy associated with TTTS at 16-26 weeks. FLP is the only therapy that directly addresses the underlying pathophysiology. The recent technique modification of FLP, referred to as the 'Solomon technique', induces selective coagulation to connect the anastomoses ablation sites and has been introduced to reduce residual anastomoses...
May 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425894/diabetic-macroangiopathy-pathogenetic-insights-and-novel-therapeutic-approaches-with-focus-on-high-glucose-mediated-vascular-damage
#15
REVIEW
Rosalinda Madonna, Damiana Pieragostino, Carmela Rita Balistreri, Claudia Rossi, Yong-Jian Geng, Piero Del Boccio, Raffaele De Caterina
Diabetic macroangiopathy - a specific form of accelerated atherosclerosis - is characterized by intra-plaque new vessel formation due to excessive/abnormal neovasculogenesis and angiogenesis, increased vascular permeability of the capillary vessels, and tissue edema, resulting in frequent atherosclerotic plaque hemorrhage and plaque rupture. Mechanisms that may explain the premature and rapidly progressive nature of atherosclerosis in diabetes are multiple, and to a large extent still unclear. However, mechanisms related to hyperglycemia certainly play an important role...
February 6, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417367/chlamydia-trachomatis-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-meta-analysis-of-patients-with-and-without-infection
#16
Courtney Olson-Chen, Kripa Balaram, David N Hackney
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a meta-analysis to determine the association between Chlamydia trachomatis and adverse perinatal outcomes. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched between 1970 and 2013. Included studies reported perinatal outcomes in women with and without chlamydia. Summary odds ratios were calculated using fixed- and random-effects models. Study bias was assessed using a Funnel Plot and Begg's test. RESULTS: Of 129 articles identified, 56 studies met the inclusion criteria encompassing 614,892 subjects...
June 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349843/pregnancy-after-bariatric-surgery-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-of-39-pregnancies-and-a-literature-review
#17
Maria Manuel Costa, Sandra Belo, Pedro Souteiro, João S Neves, Daniela Magalhães, Rita B Silva, Sofia C Oliveira, Paula Freitas, Ana Varela, Joana Queirós, Davide Carvalho
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the impact of bariatric surgery (BS) on maternal and fetal outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive, observational study of 39 pregnant women who underwent BS in our institution between 2010 and 2014 was carried out. A sample of women who became pregnant after BS was evaluated, based on data concerning pregnancy, childbirth, and newborns. RESULTS: Of the 1182 patients who underwent BS at our institution during the study period, 1016 (85...
April 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331236/pregnancy-related-complications-and-perinatal-outcomes-resulting-from-transfer-of-cryopreserved-versus-fresh-embryos-in-vitro-fertilization-a-meta-analysis
#18
Tingting Sha, Xunqiang Yin, Wenwei Cheng, Isaac Yaw Massey
OBJECTIVE: To provide an updated comparison of pregnancy-related complications and adverse perinatal outcomes of pregnancies conceived after frozen embryo transfer (FET) versus fresh embryo transfer (fresh ET). DESIGN: Meta-analysis. SETTING: University. PATIENT(S): Pregnancies resulting from FET versus fresh ET. INTERVENTIONS(S): Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and Chinese databases, including the China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, Wanfang, and Chinese Scientific Journals Full-Text Database were searched by two independent reviewers from January 1980 to September 2017...
February 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279020/short-term-outcomes-comparison-between-preterm-infants-with-and-without-acute-hypoxic-respiratory-failure-attributable-to-presumed-pulmonary-hypoplasia-after-prolonged-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-before-25-gestational-weeks
#19
Ga Young Park, Won Soon Park, Hye Soo Yoo, So Yoon Ahn, Se In Sung, Sung Shin Kim, Yun Sil Chang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the updated outcomes of preterm infants with acute hypoxic respiratory failure attributable to presumed pulmonary hypoplasia (PH) following maternal midtrimester prolonged preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). STUDY DESIGN: Among preterm infants with birthweight <1500 g and 23-34 weeks gestational age in a single center, infants exposed to maternal prolonged (≥7 days) PPROM before 25 gestational weeks (PPPROM25, n = 76) were retrospectively reviewed...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241965/perinatal-hemorrhage-from-ulceration-of-the-umbilical-cord-a-potentially-catastrophic-association-with-duodenal-and-jejunal-obstruction
#20
Danielle Aronowitz, Stephen Dolgin, Eran Bornstein, Amanda Little-Richardson, Jaya Bajaj, Alex Williamson, Esperanza Naves-Ruiz, Morris Edelman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to review published reports and contribute new cases of umbilical cord ulceration (UCU) with perinatal hemorrhage into the amniotic cavity in the setting of duodenal or jejunal obstruction because knowledge of this sequence is poorly disseminated and could be lifesaving. METHODS: Published reports of UCU with hemorrhage associated with congenital duodenal or jejunal obstruction were reviewed. Chart review was conducted for the cases encountered at our institutions between January 2008 and March 2017...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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