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premature rupture membranes review

Tsehaynesh Aslake Wendmagegn, Gerezgiher Buruh Abera, Weyzer Tilahun Tsehaye, Kibrom Brhanu Gebresslasie, Berhe Girmay Tella
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) is an infection that occurs after surgery within 30 days in the part of the body where the surgery took place. Some of the common symptoms are: drainage of cloudy fluid from the surgical wound, pain or tenderness, localized swelling, redness, and raised body temperature. Lack of data on surgical site infection among women who underwent cesarean section (C/S) initiated us to undertake this paper which is targeted to assess the magnitude and determinants of SSI among women who underwent cesarean section...
December 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Phatsorn Sae-Lin, Prapat Wanitpongpan
AIM: To obtain the incidence of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) at Siriraj Hospital during 2012-2016 and to identify its possible risk factors in singleton pregnancies. METHODS: This study was a retrospective case-control study. The institutional ethical committee has approved the study. The medical records of eligible cases were reviewed. To assess the risk factors of PPROM, the data of the cases with PPROM in 2016 were compared with the data of pregnant women who did not have PPROM and delivered at term...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Lisa M Vallely, Dianne Egli-Gany, William Pomat, Caroline Se Homer, Rebecca Guy, Handan Wand, Bronwyn Silver, Alice R Rumbold, John M Kaldor, Nicola Low, Andrew J Vallely
INTRODUCTION: Several bacterial sexually transmitted and genital mycoplasma infections during pregnancy have been associated with poor pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. Comprehensive and systematic information about associations between sexually transmitted infections (STI) and genital infections in pregnancy and adverse perinatal outcomes is needed to improve understanding about the evidence for causal associations between these infections and adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes...
November 28, 2018: BMJ Open
Ramkumar Menon, Lauren S Richardson, Martha Lappas
Preterm birth is the single major cause of infant mortality. Short and long term outcomes for infants are often worse in cases of preterm premature rupture of the fetal membranes (pPROM). Thus, increased knowledge of the structure characteristics of fetal membranes as well as the mechanisms of membrane rupture are essential if we are to develop effective treatment strategies to prevent pPROM. In this review, we focus on the role of inflammation and senescence in fetal membrane biology.
November 10, 2018: Placenta
H Madar
OBJECTIVE: To review the different parts of therapeutic management of viable preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), except the antibiotherapy and birth modalities. METHODS: The Medline, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar databases over a period from 1980 to September 2018 have been consulted. RESULTS: When the diagnostic of viable PPROM is reached, the woman should be hospitalized and signs of intrauterine infection (IUI) should be sought (Professional consensus)...
October 30, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Penelope L Ward, Karen L Reidy, Ricardo Palma-Dias, Lex W Doyle, Mark P Umstad
Perinatal mortality is higher in twins. Effects of twin order have not previously been studied in the context of single fetal demise. Our objective was to determine whether death of the fetus more proximal to the cervix will result in worse perinatal outcomes. Our population included multiple pregnancies with two viable fetuses confirmed prior to 20 weeks' gestation with the subsequent death of at least one twin. All the pregnancies were managed at The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne between 2006 and 2014...
October 22, 2018: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
Michelle F Mottola, Margie H Davenport, Stephanie-May Ruchat, Gregory A Davies, Veronica Poitras, Casey Gray, Alejandra Jaramillo, Nick Barrowman, Kristi B Adamo, Mary Duggan, Ruben Barakat, Phil Chilibeck, Karen Fleming, Milena Forte, Jillian Korolnek, Taniya Nagpal, Linda Slater, Deanna Stirling, Lori Zehr
OBJECTIF: L'objectif est de guider les femmes enceintes et les professionnels de l'obstétrique et de l'exercice en ce qui concerne l'activité physique prénatale. RéSULTATS: Les issues évaluées étaient la morbidité maternelle, fœtale ou néonatale et la mortalité fœtale pendant et après la grossesse. DONNéES: Nous avons interrogé MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, la Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, le Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scopus et la Web of Science Core Collection, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, ERIC, SPORTDiscus, ClinicalTrials...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Mauro Cozzolino, Francesca Basile, Giovanni Pontrelli
INTRODUCTION: Several studies investigated the correlation between adenomyosis and adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, the role of adenomyosis as a risk factor for adverse outcomes in has yet to be established. The aim of this systematic review is to clarify the possible association between uterine adenomyosis and poor obstetrical outcomes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Numerous studies have demonstrated that adenomyosis increased miscarriage rate, preterm birth and preterm premature rupture of membranes...
October 11, 2018: Minerva Ginecologica
Felix Boria, Maria de la Calle, Marcos Cuerva, Angela Sainz, Jose Luis Bartha
AIM: To evaluate obstetric and perinatal outcomes of twin pregnancies obtained after in vitro fertilization with donated oocytes. METHODS: This is a case-control study comparing 50 women with twin pregnancies after oocyte donation and 50 women after in vitro fertilization with autologous oocytes. Clinical records were reviewed and obstetric and perinatal outcome variables including rates of preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, pregnancy induced hypertension, preterm delivery, premature rupture of membranes, cesarean delivery, birth weight, Apgar score, pH test were compared...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Mohammed Abaraya, Sheka Shemsi Seid, Shemsedin Amme Ibro
Background: Preterm birth is the second leading cause of death next to pneumonia in children aged <5 years and the single-most important cause of death in the first month of life. Research examining determinants of preterm birth in Ethiopia is limited. Therefore, this study aimed to determine risk factors associated with preterm births at Jimma University Medical Center in southwest Ethiopia. Methods: This unmatched case-control study was conducted from March 15 to April 1, 2017 from medical records of mothers and newborns delivered at Jimma University Medical Center from January 1 to December 30, 2016...
2018: Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Lynne Sykes, Phillip R Bennett
Preterm birth (PTB) occurs in 5-18% of pregnancies and is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity, mortality and infant death. Up to 30% of PTBs are due to iatrogenic reasons, but the remainder are due to the spontaneous onset of labour or pre-labour premature rupture of membranes (P-PROM). During pregnancy, the uterus remains quiescent and the cervix remains long and closed. Although the exact mechanisms that lead to spontaneous PTB (sPTB) are not fully understood, it is likely that the terminal pathways that are common to term labour are activated prematurely...
September 8, 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
S Lalani, A J Choudhry, B Firth, V Bacal, Mark Walker, S W Wen, S Singh, A Amath, M Hodge, I Chen
STUDY QUESTION: How is endometriosis associated with adverse maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes of pregnancy? SUMMARY ANSWER: Women with endometriosis are at elevated risk for serious and important adverse maternal (pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, placenta praevia and Cesarean section) and fetal or neonatal outcomes (preterm birth, PPROM, small for gestational age, stillbirth and neonatal death). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: A number of studies have shown an association between endometriosis and certain adverse maternal and fetal outcomes, but the results have been conflicting with potential for confounding by the use of assisted reproductive technology...
October 1, 2018: Human Reproduction
Masatoshi Esaki, Yoshiaki Maseki, Atsuko Tezuka, Madoka Furuhashi
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the efficacy of continuous amnioinfusion on perinatal outcome in women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) at periviable gestational ages. METHODS: A database was reviewed to identify women with singleton pregnancies who were admitted to the Japanese Red Cross Nagoya Daiichi Hospital due to PPROM before 26 + 0-week gestation between July 2009 and July 2017. RESULTS: A total of 81 women met the criteria for inclusion in this study including 70 and 11 women with and without amnioinfusion, respectively...
September 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Veronika Aleksandrovych, Paweł Basta, Krzysztof Gil
Adenomyosis seems to be the most widespread coexistent pathology included under the umbrella of common benign disorders of the human uterus. The incidence of adenomyosis is under discussion since different imaging criteria are used. In the majority of cases, prevalence is determined among women with uterine fibroids and endometriosis or severe gynecological symptoms. This common benign pathology is asymptomatic in 1/3 of cases. Up to 50% of women with infertility are affected by adenomyosis. It seems to be an important risk factor for spontaneous pre-term delivery and pre-term premature rupture of the membranes...
August 7, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
César H Meller, María E Carducci, José M Ceriani Cernadas, Lucas Otaño
Preterm premature rupture of membranes occurs in around 3% of pregnancies, and several aspects related to its management are still controversial. The objective of this update is to provide a detailed review of strategies aimed at reducing morbidity and mortality associated with this maternal condition. We will discuss the available evidence regarding the maternal use of antibiotics, the use of corticosteroids according to gestational age, the use of magnesium sulphate for fetal neuroprotection, the use of tocolytic agents, and the best moment for and route of delivery...
August 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Alexis Bonfim-Melo, Eden R Ferreira, Pilar T V Florentino, Renato A Mortara
To complete its life cycle within the mammalian host, Trypanosoma cruzi , the agent of Chagas' disease, must enter cells. Trypomastigotes originating from the insect vector (metacyclic) or from infected cells (bloodstream/tissue culture-derived) are the classical infective forms of the parasite and enter mammalian cells in an actin-independent manner. By contrast, amastigotes originating from the premature rupture of infected cells or transformed from swimming trypomastigotes (designated extracellular amastigotes, EAs) require functional intact microfilaments to invade non-phagocytic host cells...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Geum Joon Cho, Yung-Taek Ouh, Log Young Kim, Tae-Seon Lee, Geun U Park, Ki Hoon Ahn, Soon-Cheol Hong, Min-Jeong Oh, Hai-Joong Kim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of cerclage in women who underwent cervical conization. METHODS: Study data were collected from the Korea National Health Insurance Claims Database of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service for 2009-2013. Women who had a conization in 2009 and a subsequent first delivery between 2009 and 2013 in Korea were enrolled. RESULTS: Among the women who had conization in 2009, 1075 women had their first delivery between 2009 and 2013...
July 3, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Ioannis Tsakiridis, Apostolos Mamopoulos, Eleni-Markella Chalkia-Prapa, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Themistoklis Dagklis
Importance: Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is a major cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare recommendations from published national guidelines for pregnancies complicated with PPROM. Evidence Acquisition: A descriptive review of 3 national guidelines on PPROM was performed: the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists on "Preterm Prelabour Rupture of Membranes," the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists on "Premature Rupture of Membranes," and the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada on "Antibiotic Therapy in Preterm Premature Rupture of the Membranes...
June 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
Brendan Lim, Blair Butler, Alain Gagnon, Kenneth Lim, Gerald Marquette, Leanne Dahlgren
OBJECTIVE: To report the outcomes of selective reduction (SR) in dichorionic twins complicated by pre-viable, premature rupture of membranes (PV-PROM). METHODS: Retrospective case series. Ultrasound database was searched for cases of dichorionic twin pregnancy with PV-PROM, either managed conservatively or with SR. Chart reviews were done for these cases. Simple descriptive statistics were used where appropriate. RESULTS: Twenty-two cases of expectantly managed dichorionic twins complicated by PV-PROM with delivery information were available for analysis...
July 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Camilla D Salvig, Marie H Storkholm, Jannie D Salvig, Niels Uldbjerg
The aim of this commentary is to describe changes in women's care at an obstetric department that made it possible to reduce the number of beds from 40 to 29. Patient pathways were reviewed and revised using lean methodology. The mean length of stay was reduced from 70 to 59 h and the mean numbers of hospitalizations per woman from 1.26 to 1.20. At the organizational level, we introduced a Family Department, home management of newborns, home monitoring of the women with cardiotocography and blood samples, and intrapartum Group B Streptococcus-PCR...
October 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
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