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Medical Parasitology

Cátia Arieira, Francisca Dias de Castro, Maria João Moreira, José Cotter
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most frequent form of immunodeficiency in adults. Clinical manifestations are heterogeneous with an increased susceptibility to infections and inflammatory conditions, namely autoimmune diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease. We present the clinical case of a Caucasian female patient, 21 years old, with a past medical history of CVID, with multiple visits to the emergency department due to abdominal pain in the lower quadrants and diarrhea. Her biochemical analysis showed elevated inflammatory parameters...
November 2018: GE Portuguese journal of gastroenterology
Ahmet Özbilgin
Economic instability, destabilisation with armed conflagration, religious and ethnic conflicts are the most important driving factors for migrations towards Europe. Mediterranean countries are important route for refugees who emigrate from the Middle East, Africa and Asia. Viral, bacterial, parasitic and fungal diseases carried by these refugees constitute a significant health risk in Mediterranean countries. Parasitic diseases, such as intestinal parasites, pediculosis, scabies, lymphatic filariasis, schistosomiasis, malaria and leishmaniasis, which may reach the Mediterranean region trough migrations, were briefly reviewed and the precautions to be taken were mentioned...
November 2018: EJIFCC
Young Yil Bahk, Eun-Hee Shin, Shin-Hyeong Cho, Jung-Won Ju, Jong-Yil Chai, Tong-Soo Kim
Korea is successfully controlled intestinal parasitic infections owing to economic development and high health consciousness. The Division of Vectors and Parasitic Diseases (formerly the Division of Malaria and Parasitology) is in the Center for Laboratory Control of Infectious Diseases of the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It has been the governmental agency responsible for controlling and leading scientific research on parasitic diseases. The Division of Vectors and Parasitic Diseases has conducted and funded basic research and disseminated the research results to various medical fields, ultimately promoting public health in Korea...
October 2018: Korean Journal of Parasitology
Julieta Rojo-Medina, Cuitláhuac Ruiz-Matus, Paz María Salazar-Schettino, Jesús Felipe González-Roldán
Chagas disease, which is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, is considered to be the most serious parasitic disease in America. It is transmitted mainly by triatominae ("kissing bugs"). Mazzoti reported the first two human cases in Mexico. The form of transmission is by parasites entering the organism in feces of the insect, by blood transfusion, from mother to child, by organ transplant and laboratory accidents. In Mexico, 1.1 million people are estimated to be infected; the incidence in 2012 was 0.70 per 1,00,000 population...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
Blaine A Mathison, Bobbi S Pritt
Parasite taxonomy continues to change as molecular and morphologic studies enhance our understanding of parasite relatedness. This minireview builds on the information provided in the last taxonomy update in this journal to summarize new and revised clinically-relevant human parasite taxonomic changes that have occurred in 2016-2017.
October 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
M A Moustafa, H S Mossalem, R M Sarhan, A A Abdel-Rahman, E M Hassan
Schistosomiasis seriously affects human health in tropical regions. Its prevention is more important than treatment, raising the need for effective control methods. Recently, the role of nanomaterials in medical science has been growing. The present study aimed to evaluate the potential effects of silver (Ag) and gold (Au) nanoparticles (NPs) on Biomphalaria alexandrina snails and Schistosoma mansoni cercariae in vitro and to assess their effects on the infectivity of cercariae in vivo. The in vitro study proved that Ag and Au NPs were effective in killing B...
December 2018: Parasitology Research
J R Stothard, D T J Littlewood, R B Gasser, B L Webster
The study of parasites typically crosses into other research disciplines and spans across diverse scales, from molecular- to populational-levels, notwithstanding promoting an understanding of parasites set within evolutionary time. Today, the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) help frame much of contemporary parasitological research, since parasites can be found in all ecosystems, blighting human, animal and plant health. In recognition of the multi-disciplinary nature of parasitological research, the 2017 Autumn Symposium of the British Society for Parasitology was held in London to provide a forum for novel exchange across medical, veterinary and wildlife fields of study...
November 2018: Parasitology
F C Zhang, J F He, J Peng, X P Tang, C F Qin, H Z Lu, X W Li, Q Q Liu, H Zhao, J F Sheng, G J Wang
Dengue is the most prevalent and rapidly spreading mosquito-borne viral disease. As a dengue non-endemic country, China has experienced several dengue outbreaks in recent years. However, dengue patients in China displayed distinct clinical characteristics compared to patients in endemic countries. To standardize the diagnosis and treatment of dengue fever, the experts of the Society of Infectious Diseases, Society of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology of Chinese Medical Association, and the Society of Emergency Medicine, China Association of Chinese Medicine have reached this guideline based on guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of dengue (World Health Organization, 2009); guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of dengue (National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China, 2014, Edition 2), health industry standard of the People's Republic of China "diagnosis for dengue fever (WS216-2018)" and systemic reports on dengue...
September 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
Medard Beyanga, Lisa Gerwing-Adima, Kahima Jackson, Benjamin Majaliwa, Henrico Shimba, Simon Ezekiel, Charles Massambu, Dickson Majige, Michael Mwasegaka, Wilson Mtotela, Patrick Mateta, Christa Kasang
Background: Use of laboratory evidence-based patient health care in Tanzania remains a complex problem, as with many other countries in sub-Saharan Africa. As at 2010, 39 African countries, including Tanzania, had no clinical laboratories that met the minimum requirements for international laboratory standards (International Organization for Standardization [ISO] 15189). Objective: The aim of this article is to share experience from Bugando Medical Centre laboratory's milestones in reaching ISO 15189 accreditation...
2018: African Journal of Laboratory Medicine
A Azim, S Ahmed, S K Paul, S A Nasreen, S R Sarkar, M U Ahmed, A Najnin, M A Hossain
Uncooked vegetables are an important part of a healthy diet in different parts of the world. The present descriptive cross sectional type of study was carried out to determine the parasitological contamination of vegetables sold at markets of Mymensingh city of Bangladesh. Parasitological examinations were performed in material derived from 200 specimens of 10 different vegetables to detect intestinal parasites in the department of Microbiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from July 2015 to July 2016...
July 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Alireza Khatami, Maria Emmelin, Rezvan Talaee, Akram Miramin-Mohammadi, Nessa Aghazadeh, Alireza Firooz, Berndt Stenberg
Background: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of patients who suffer from acute cutaneous leishmaniasis in Iran, focusing on quality of life. Methods: The study was conducted at two different sites in Iran in 2010-2011. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted with six men and six women parasitologically confirmed acute cutaneous leishmaniasis. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and translated into English. Qualitative content analysis was used for data analysis...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Adedotun A Adenusi, Mary I Akinyemi, Dele Akinsanya
Background: Domiciliary cockroaches are obnoxious pests of significant medical importance. We investigated the prevalence of human intestinal parasites in cockroaches and its attendant public health importance. Methods: Overall, 749 cockroaches ( Periplaneta americana , 509, Blattella germanica , 240) caught by trapping from 120 households comprising 3 different housing types in Somolu, Lagos metropolis, southwest Nigeria, in 2015 were screened for human intestinal parasites using standard parasitological techniques...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Carsten Balczun, Patrick L Scheid
Free-living amoebae (FLA) are protozoa ubiquitously found in nature. As some species or strains of these FLA are pathogenic for humans and animals, they represent objects of medical and parasitological research worldwide. Storage of valuable FLA strains in laboratories is often time- and energy-consuming and expensive. The shipment of such strains as frozen stocks is cumbersome and challenging in terms of cooling requirements as well as of transport regulations. To overcome these difficulties and challenges in maintenance and transport, we present a new method to generate lyophilised samples of non-cyst-forming FLA (Ripella (Vannella) spp...
October 2018: Parasitology Research
Getaneh Alemu, Dagninet Alelign, Ashenafi Abossie
Background: Opportunistic Intestinal Parasites (OIPs) commonly cause morbidity in HIV/AIDS patients due to the decline of CD4+ T-cells. The burden of Opportunistic Intestinal Parasitic Infections (OIPIs) in Ethiopia is expected to be high due to poor sanitation and co-pandemicity of HIV/AIDs. Therefore, frequent assessment of the magnitude and associated factors for intestinal parasitosis is essential for the management of HIV/AIDS patients. Methods: A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted among patients attending Arba Minch Hospital Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) Clinic from March to June 2016...
March 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Zohreh Fakhrieh-Kashan, Mohsen Arbabi, Mahdi Delavari, Mahdi Mohebali, Hossein Hooshyar
Background: The protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Metronidazole is a chosen drug for the treatment. This study evaluated the anti trichomonal activity of alcoholic extracts of combination Verbascum thapsus and Ginger officinale. Methods: This experimental study was conducted in the Parasitology Laboratory, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran in 2015, on 23 women with suspected trichomoniasis referring to Kashan clinical centers...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Mohammad Bagher Rokni, Arezoo Bozorgomid, Peyman Heydarian, Mojgan Aryaeipour
Fascioliasis is a foodborne zoonotic disease caused by the two parasite species Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica . In spite of the presence of both species of Fasciola in the livestock, to our knowledge, to date, no cases of human F. gigantica infection have been reported in Iran officially. Here, we report such a case in a 25 yr old woman referred to The Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran in 2016. CT imaging and MRCP revealed an ill-defined lesion of segments of liver...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Malek J Hallinger, Anja Taubert, Carlos Hermosilla, Frank Mutschmann
BACKGROUND: Exotic reptiles such as tortoises, have become increasingly common domestic pets worldwide and are known to host different gastrointestinal parasites. Some of these parasites bear zoonotic potential. In the present survey, we parasitologically examined tortoise faecal samples (n = 1005) from 19 different species held as pets in private German households and German zoological gardens. METHODS: Saline faecal smears were used to generate prevalence data for potentially health-compromising gastrointestinal parasites...
June 18, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
J Russell Stothard, David Rollinson
Beginning in 1963, the founding rationale of Advances in Parasitology was to provide authentic, well-documented reviews by leading experts, about the progress being made in their area of specialism to inform the wider cadre of parasitologists, disseminating this information across allied disciplines and all users. Some 55 years later, the Series has accumulated over 667 published articles, with just over 650 authors contributing either alone or in collaboration, and has successfully served the parasitological needs of medical, veterinary and wildlife scientific communities with equity, notwithstanding treatises on vectors or intermediate hosts, as well as 'honorary parasites' such as viruses, bacteria and fungi...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
J Sanchez, M Lareschi
Fleas have great medical relevance as vectors of the causative agents of several diseases in animals and humans and rodents are the principal reservoirs for these pathogens. Argentinian Patagonia has the highest diversity of rodent fleas in South America. However, parasitism rates of rodents by fleas, the factors that influence them and the ecological aspects that modulate geographical distributions of flea-host association remain unknown for this region. This is the first study to record the diversity, prevalence, abundance, geographical distributions and host ranges of fleas in Argentinian Patagonia...
April 18, 2018: Bulletin of Entomological Research
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Artemether-lumefantrine and artesunate-amodiaquine are used as first-line artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) in west Africa. Pyronaridine-artesunate and dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine are potentially useful for diversification of ACTs in this region, but further safety and efficacy data are required on malaria retreatment. METHODS: We did a randomised, multicentre, open-label, longitudinal, controlled phase 3b/4 clinical trial at seven tertiary centres in Burkina Faso, Guinea, and Mali...
April 7, 2018: Lancet
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