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phytochemicals inflammation

Md Moniruzzaman, Md Abdul Mannan, Md Farhad Hossen Khan, Ariful Basher Abir, Mirola Afroze
BACKGROUND: Crataeva nurvala Buch-Hum is an indigenous herb, extensively used in traditional medicines of the South Asian countries to treat inflammation, rheumatic fever, gastric irritation, and constipation. Despite this wide range of uses, very little information is known regarding its effects on the central nervous system (CNS). Therefore, this study evaluated the neuropharmacological properties of methanolic extract of Crataeva nurvala leaves (MECN) using a number of behavioral models in animals...
October 19, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Kavitha Yuvaraj, Arumugam Geetha
Background Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a persistent inflammation of the pancreas clinically presented with severe abdominal pain, progressive fibrosis, and loss of exocrine and endocrine functions. Inflammasomes, cytosolic multiprotein complexes which regulate the formation of proinflammatory cytokines, are influenced by various factors including heat shock proteins (HSPs). Morus alba L., or white mulberry root bark is a valued traditional Asian medicine with a diverse array of phytochemicals. The aim of this investigation was to define the modulatory action of methanolic extract of Morus alba root bark (MEMARB) on NLRP3 inflammasome, and HSPs in pancreas subjected to inflammatory insult...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Tamara R Marques, Pedro Henrique S Cesar, Mariana A Braga, Silvana Marcussi, Angelita D Corrêa
Agro-industrial wastes are promising sources of phytochemicals for the development of products to be used in health promotion and maintenance. In this study, extracts from acerola bagasse (AB) were characterized by HPLC, and evaluated according to its modulatory action on phospholipases A2 and proteases involved in processes such as inflammation and blood clotting. Snake venoms were used as biological tools once they have high functional and structural homology between their enzymes and human enzymes. Two types of extracts were prepared from AB: aqueous and methanolic...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Julalak Chorachoo, Sylviane Lambert, Teal Furnholm, Liza Roberts, Laura Reingold, Sauvarat Auepemkiate, Supayang P Voravuthikunchai, Andrew Johnston
Psoriasis is a common skin disease pathogenically driven by TNF and IL-17A-induced epidermal hyperproliferation and inflammatory responses. The ongoing need for new therapeutic agents for psoriasis has highlighted medicinal plants as sources of phytochemicals useful for treating psoriatic disease. Rhodomyrtone, a bioactive phytochemical from Rhodomyrtus tomentosa, has well-established anti-proliferative activities. This study assessed the potential of rhodomyrtone for curtailing TNF/IL-17A-driven inflammation...
2018: PloS One
Bagher Farhood, Keywan Mortezaee, Nasser Hashemi Goradel, Neda Khanlarkhani, Ensieh Salehi, Maryam Shabani Nashtaei, Masoud Najafi, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Cancer is the second cause of death worldwide. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the most common modalities for the treatment of cancer. Experimental studies have shown that inflammation plays a central role in tumor resistance and the incidence of several side effects following both chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Inflammation resulting from radiotherapy and chemotherapy is responsible for adverse events such as dermatitis, mucositis, pneumonitis, fibrosis, and bone marrow toxicity. Chronic inflammation may also lead to the development of second cancer during years after treatment...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Yuvaraj Kavitha, Arumugam Geetha
Pancreatitis is characterized by highly morbid inflammation in the pancreas. Currently, there is no specific drug available for pancreatitis except supportive medicines. The present study assessed the pancreato-protective effect of Morus alba root bark extract by using alcohol and cerulein-induced model of pancreatitis. The study also investigated the phytochemical profile through GC-MS and HPLC. Methanolic extract of Morus alba root bark extract (MEMARB) was subjected to GC-MS and HPLC studies. Male albino Wistar rats were administered ethanol (0%-36%) and cerulein (20 μg/kg b...
October 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Jelena Katanić, Eva-Maria Pferschy-Wenzig, Vladimir Mihailović, Tatjana Boroja, San-Po Pan, Stefanie Nikles, Nadine Kretschmer, Gvozden Rosić, Dragica Selaković, Jovana Joksimović, Rudolf Bauer
Filipendula vulgaris Moench (dropwort) is used in traditional medicine for relieving various inflammation-related diseases. In the present study, the phytochemical profile of F. vulgaris aerial part (FVA) and root (FVR) methanolic extracts was evaluated by LC-DAD-HRMS analysis. Furthermore, their in vitro and in vivo anti-inflammatory effects, as well as their potential cytotoxicity, were assessed. Results showed that the extracts mainly contain phenolics like flavonoids, hydrolyzable tannins, procyanidins, and phenolic acid derivatives, including gaultherin...
October 3, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Raphaelle Sousa Borges, Brenda Lorena Sánchez Ortiz, Arlindo César Matias Pereira, Hady Keita, José Carlos Tavares Carvalho
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Plant species Rosmarinus officinalis L. (Lamiaceae; Synonyms: Salvia rosmarinus Schleid. and Rosmarinus angustifolius Mill.) is a herb widely used worldwide. In local and traditional medicine, its used for inflammation-related diseases. Currently, studies report anti-inflammatory activity in its essential oil (EORO). However, to better understand EORO's anti-inflammatory activity its necessary to understand its phytochemistry and the signaling pathways affected by it...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
H Reginald McDaniel, Christopher LaGanke, Laura Bloom, Sharon Goldberg, Lucas C Lages, Laura A Lantigua, Steven E Atlas, Judi M Woolger, John E Lewis
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease associated with increased infection rates, chronic inflammation, and premature death. Optimization of nutritional status via dietary supplementation may improve immune function in people suffering from MS and lead to decreased rates of infection. Fifteen individuals with a diagnosis of relapsing-remitting MS for an average of 12.4 years (SD =7.4; R = 2, 25) were enrolled in a one-year open-label clinical trial. Participants consumed a broad-spectrum dietary supplement regimen containing polysaccharides, phytochemicals, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals three times per day...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
Ruoming Fang, Renyi Wu, Qian Zuo, Ran Yin, Chengyue Zhang, Chao Wang, Yue Guo, Anne Yuqing Yang, Wenji Li, Lizhu Lin, Ah-Ng Kong
Qu-Yu-Jie-Du decoction (QYJD) is a commercially available traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). It is an aqueous extract of a Chinese herbal formula primarily consisting of eight TCM herbs: Taraxacum campylodes G.E. Haglund, Coix lacryma-jobi L., Smilax glabra Roxb., Sanguisorba officinalis L, Styphnolobium japonicum (L.) Schott, Prunus persica (L.) Batsch, Sophora flavescens Aiton, and Eupolyphaga sinensis Walker. Matrine and oxymatrine are two of the major phytochemical constituents of QYJD. Inflammation and oxidative stress are strongly associated with colon carcinogenesis...
October 4, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Namrata Khurana, Suresh C Sikka
Oxidative stress, inflammation and androgen receptor (AR) signaling play a pivotal role in the initiation, development and progression of prostate cancer (PCa). Numerous papers in the literature have documented the interconnection between oxidative stress and inflammation; and how antioxidants can combat the inflammation. It has been shown in the literature that both oxidative stress and inflammation regulate AR, the key receptor involved in the transition of PCa to castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC)...
September 25, 2018: Cancers
Sumayya Shahzad, Somaiya Mateen, P M Mubeena Mariyath, Syed Shariq Naeem, Kafil Akhtar, Waseem Rizvi, Shagufta Moin
BACKGROUND: Ischemic injury during myocardial infarction (MI) is responsible for increased deaths among patients with cardiovascular disorders. Recently, research has been directed for finding treatment using natural compounds. This study was performed to investigate the effects of syrigaldehyde (SYD), a phytochemical against isoproterenol (ISO) induced cardiotoxicity model. METHODS: For induction of MI, rats were intoxicated with two doses of ISO and were treated with SYD at three different concentrations (12...
September 20, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Cheemanapalli Srinivasulu, Mopuri Ramgopal, Golla Ramanjaneyulu, C M Anuradha, Chitta Suresh Kumar
The use of phytochemicals in control of human diseases have been considerable public and scientific interest in current days. Syringic acid (SA), a phenolic compound often found in fruits and vegetables and which is synthesized via shikimic acid pathway in plants. It shows a wide range of therapeutic applications in prevention of diabetes, CVDs, cancer, cerebral ischemia; as well as it possess anti-oxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antiendotoxic, neuro and hepatoprotective activities. It has an effective free radical scavenger and alleviates the oxidative stress markers...
September 19, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Juliana M A Almeida, Adaliene V M Ferreira, Verena B Oliveira, Marina C Oliveira, Mauro M Teixeira, Maria G L Brandão
Obesity is characterized by a chronic low-grade inflammation, which has been shown to be involved in the development of comorbidities such as insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, and liver damage. Phytochemicals found in plants may modulate inflammation and improve health problems associated with the excess of adiposity. Teas prepared with many plants are used in Brazil for losing weight. In this study, we evaluated the potential of Rudgea viburnoides (Cham.) Benth. on metabolic and inflammatory disarrangement induced by high refined carbohydrate (HC)-containing diet in mice...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
Leo Pruimboom, Frits A J Muskiet
Chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCD) are the leading cause of mortality in developed countries. They ensue from the sum of modern anthropogenic risk factors, including high calorie nutrition, malnutrition, sedentary lifestyle, social stress, environmental toxins, politics and economic factors. Many of these factors are beyond the span of control of individuals, suggesting that CNCD are inevitable. However, various studies, ours included, show that the use of intermittent challenges with hormetic effects improve subjective and objective wellbeing of individuals with CNCD, while having favourable effects on immunological, metabolic and behavioural indices...
November 2018: Medical Hypotheses
Chung-Yi Chen, Chiu-Li Kao, Chi-Ming Liu
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a well-known family of pattern recognition receptors that play an important role in a host immune system. TLR triggering leads to the induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, driving the activation of both innate and adaptive immunity. Recently, an increasing number studies have shown the link between TLRs and cancer. Among them, the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling pathway is associated with inflammatory response and cancer progression. Dietary phytochemicals are potential modulators of immunological status with various pharmacological properties including anti-cancer, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory...
September 12, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Francis Herman, Susan Westfall, Justin Brathwaite, Giulio M Pasinetti
Neurodegenerative disorders constitute a group of multifaceted conditions characterized by the progressive loss of neurons and synaptic connections consequent to a combination of specific genetic predispositions and stochastic stressors. The neuropathologies observed in both Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease are in part attributed to compounding intrinsic and extrinsic environmental stressors, which we propose may be limited by the administration of specific grape derived phytochemicals and their metabolized derivatives, specifically polyphenols isolated from grape botanicals...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Jacinthia B Xavier-Santos, Juliana Félix-Silva, Júlia G R Passos, Jacyra A S Gomes, Júlia M Fernandes, Vinícius Barreto Garcia, Raimundo Fernandes de Araujo-Junior, Silvana M Zucolotto, Arnóbio A Silva-Junior, Matheus F Fernandes-Pedrosa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Jatropha gossypiifolia L. (Euphorbiaceae) is a medicinal plant widely used in traditional medicine as an anti-inflammatory remedy. The topical use of the leaves and/or aerial parts of this plant as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, wound healing and anti-infective in several skin diseases is a common practice in many countries. The use of baths or dressings with this vegetal species is frequently reported in folk medicine. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the topical anti-inflammatory of aqueous extract from leaves of J...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Sima Kumari, R Elancheran, Rajlakshmi Devi
OBJECTIVE: Amaranthus viridis ( Amaranthaceae ) widely distributed all over the world, growing under a wide range of climatic conditions and has been utilized as a medicinal herb in traditional Ayurvedic medicine as antipyretic agents, also for the treatment of inflammation, ulcer, diabetic, asthma and hyperlipidemia. The aim of the study was designed to evaluate the chemical composition and antioxidant and biological properties of different fractions obtained from A. viridis . MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four different extracts of A...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Mohammed Mahdi Dahmani, Razika Laoufi, Okba Selama, Karim Arab
OBJECTIVES: The roots of Carthamus caeruleus have been used by the population of Northern Algeria to treat several pathological conditions, including wound healing and hair growth. The present study was conducted to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity, wound-healing potential, and hair growth-promoting activity attributed to C. caeruleus root. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we have investigated the anti-inflammatory effect using carrageenan-induced paw edema test, evaluated the wound-healing potential by linear incision wound model, and evaluated hair growth activity using in vivo hair growth-promoting test attributed to C...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
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