keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Arterial hypertension

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934596/features-and-outcomes-of-methamphetamine-associated-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#1
Roham T Zamanian, Haley Hedlin, Paul Greuenwald, David M Wilson, Joshua I Segal, Michelle Jorden, Kristina Kudelko, Juliana Liu, Andrew Hsi, Allyson Rupp, Andrew J Sweatt, Rubin Tuder, Gerald J Berry, Marlene Rabinovitch, Ramona L Doyle, Vinicio De Jesus Perez, Steven M Kawut
RATIONALE: While amphetamines are recognized as "likely" agents to cause drugs and toxins associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), (meth)amphetamine associated PAH (Meth-APAH) has not been well described. OBJECTIVES: To prospectively characterize the clinical presentation, histopathology, and outcomes of Meth-APAH compared to those of idiopathic PAH (iPAH). METHODS AND MEASUREMENTS: We performed a prospective cohort study of Meth-APAH and iPAH patients presenting to the Stanford University Pulmonary Hypertension Program between 2003-2015...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933957/the-upright-body-position-increases-translaminar-pressure-gradient-in-normotensive-and-hypertensive-rats
#2
Janusz Skrzypecki, Marcin Ufnal
AIM: Several lines of evidence suggest that the pathogenesis of glaucoma may depend on an increased translaminar pressure gradient (TPG), the difference between intraocular and intracranial pressure (ICP), rather than on intraocular pressure (IOP) itself. It has also been suggested that high blood pressure might correlate with the incidence of glaucoma; however, the data are contradictory. Here, we studied the effect of arterial blood pressure and changes in body position on TPG in rats...
September 21, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933948/the-value-and-application-of-the-six-minute-walk-test-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#3
A Whitney Brown, Steven D Nathan
The 6 minute walk test (6MWT) is a commonly employed assessment of performance ability in a variety of cardiopulmonary diseases. It provides important functional information that is not captured in standardized pulmonary function testing. The test may be influenced by factors other than the severity of lung disease, including frailty, deconditioning, and musculoskeletal issues. The primary output measure from the six minute walk test is the distance walked, which appears to confer prognostic information in many diverse disease states...
September 21, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932941/single-center-ventral-hernia-repair-with-porcine-dermis-collagen-implant
#4
M Boules, A T Strong, R Corcelles, I N Haskins, R Ilie, C Wathen, D Froylich, G Sharma, J Rodriguez, S Rosenblatt, K El-Hayek, M Kroh
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to evaluate the outcomes and utilization of porcine acellular dermal collagen implant (PADCI) during VHR at a large tertiary referral center. METHODS: Records of 5485 patients who underwent VIHR from June 1995 to August 2014 were retrospectively reviewed to identify patients >18 years of age who had VIHR with PADCI reinforcement. Use of multiple mesh reinforcement products, inguinal hernias, and hiatal hernias were exclusion criteria...
September 20, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932900/-68ga-pentixafor-pet-mri-for-the-detection-of-chemokine-receptor-4-expression-in-atherosclerotic-plaques
#5
Xiang Li, Daniel Heber, Tatjana Leike, Dietrich Beitzke, Xia Lu, Xiaoli Zhang, Yongxiang Wei, Markus Mitterhauser, Wolfgang Wadsak, Saskia Kropf, Hans J Wester, Christian Loewe, Marcus Hacker, Alexander R Haug
PURPOSE: The expression of chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) was found co-localized with macrophages on the atherosclerotic vessel wall and participated in the initial emigration of leukocytes. Gallium-68 [(68)Ga]Pentixafor has recently been introduced for the imaging of atherosclerosis by targeting CXCR4. We sought to evaluate human atherosclerotic lesions using [(68)Ga]Pentixafor PET/MRI. METHODS: Thirty-eight oncology patients underwent [(68)Ga]Pentixafor PET/MR imaging at baseline...
September 21, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932571/management-of-pulmonary-hypertension-from-left-heart-disease-in-candidates-for-orthotopic-heart-transplantation
#6
REVIEW
Anna Koulova, Alan L Gass, Saikrishna Patibandla, Chhaya Aggarwal Gupta, Wilbert S Aronow, Gregg M Lanier
Pulmonary hypertension in left heart disease (PH-LHD) commonly complicates prolonged heart failure (HF). When advanced, the PH becomes fixed or out of proportion and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing orthotopic heart transplant (OHT). To date, the only recommended treatment of out of proportion PH is the treatment of the underlying HF by reducing the pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) with medications and often along with use of mechanical circulatory support...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932549/statins-may-be-beneficial-for-patients-with-pulmonary-hypertension-secondary-to-lung-diseases
#7
Ming-Zhou Zhang, De-Hui Qian, Jian-Cheng Xu, Wei Yao, Ye Fan, Chang-Zheng Wang
BACKGROUND: Previous animal studies and clinical trials report inconsistent findings regarding the role of statins in pulmonary hypertension (PH). Systematic reviews have shown no use of statins on pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). This is the first meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) determining the clinical impacts of statin therapy on patients with PH secondary to lung diseases. METHODS: Electronic databases and manual bibliographical searches were conducted...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932545/effects-of-preemptive-cerebrospinal-fluid-drainage-on-spinal-cord-protection-during-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair
#8
Seungjun Song, Suk-Won Song, Tae Hoon Kim, Kwang-Hun Lee, Kyung-Jong Yoo
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is reported to occur in 3-12% of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) cases, but is a potentially preventable complication of TEVAR for thoracoabdominal pathologies. Although many strategies have been devised to reduce the incidence of SCI, the effectiveness of prophylactic cerebrospinal fluid drainage (CSFD) and left subclavian artery (LSA) revascularization remains controversial. METHODS: From 2012 to 2014, 162 patients underwent TEVAR at a single institution...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932306/prevalence-of-asymptomatic-arterial-hypertension-and-its-correlation-with-inflammatory-activity-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Ismet H Bajraktari, Sylejman Rexhepi, Idriz Berisha, Ali Lahu, Avni Kryeziu, Bastri Durmishi, Halit Bajraktari, Elton Bahtiri
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease that worsens during the course of the disease and can cause disability. Early RA refers to the onset of symptoms within the past 3 months. In RA, increased levels of mediators of inflammation may cause arterial stiffness consequently leading to arterial hypertension. AIM: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the prevalence of asymptomatic arterial hypertension in early RA patients as well as the correlation with parameters of inflammation...
August 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932106/out-of-pocket-costs-and-adherence-to-antihypertensive-agents-among-older-adults-covered-by-the-public-drug-insurance-plan-in-quebec
#10
Raymond Milan, Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Samantha Gontijo Guerra, Djamal Berbiche
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of patient out-of-pocket costs on adherence to antihypertensive agents (AHA) in community-dwelling older adults covered by the public drug insurance plan in Quebec. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from the "Étude sur la santé des aînés" study (2005-2008) on community-dwelling older adults in Quebec aged 65 years and older (N=2,811). The final sample included 881 participants diagnosed with arterial hypertension and treated with AHA...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931350/sex-differences-in-associations-of-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-with-left-ventricular-function-and-geometry
#11
Zi Ye, Patricia A Pellikka, Iftikhar J Kullo
The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a measure of global arterial stiffness. We hypothesized that CAVI is associated with left ventricular (LV) function and geometry in individuals without structural heart disease. We measured CAVI in 600 participants (mean age 60.3±14.6 years, 54% men) without history of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease who were referred for transthoracic echocardiography. Linear regression analysis was used to assess the association of CAVI with LV function (peak mitral annular systolic s' and early diastolic velocity e') and structure (LV mass index (LVMI) and relative wall thickness (RWT))...
September 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931297/-intracranial-pressure-evaluation-by-ophthalmologist
#12
J Čmelo, R Illéš, J Šteňo
The value of ICT is important in diagnosis of the diseases of the eye and orbit Methods for direct measurement of intracranial pressure (ICT) are exact, but they are invasive and there is some risk of infection and damage of the tissue. Currently there are 2 valid indirect methods of mesurement of IKT. Digital Ophthalmodynamometry (D-ODM) and Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TDU). D-ODM is a non-invasive method for measuring of the Pulsating Venous Pressure (VPT). We can measure VPT by the pulse phenomena...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931296/-translaminar-gradient-and-glaucoma
#13
J Čmelo
OBJECTIVE: The cribriform plate is a threshold of the intraocular pressure (VOT) and of the intracranial pressure (IKT). The difference between the VOT and IKT is referred to as translaminar gradient (TLG). The goal was to evaluate the Glaucoma progression (visual field, fundus examination, HRT) with / without topical anti-glaucomatous therapy) in relation to the TLG. PATIENTS AND METHODS: the significance of TLG has been studied in two groups. I. Group: 57 patients diagnosed and treatment of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (PGOU), 10 patients with Ocular hypertension (OH), 7 patients with Normal-Tension Glaucoma (NTG), and 75 healthy without glaucoma...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931178/the-oral-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitor-sitagliptin-increases-circulating-levels-of-stromal-derived-factor-1-alpha
#14
Athanasia K Papazafiropoulou, Nikolaos Papanas, Aikaterini Trikkalinou, Evaggelos Fousteris, Andreas Melidonis
Recent studies have demonstrated that stromal derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) is a substrate of dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. It has also been shown that SDF-1α shares anti-apoptotic as well as nephroprotective properties and exerts a beneficial effect in the cardiovascular system. Therefore, the aim of this study was to estimate the effect of treatment with the DDP-4 inhibitor sitagliptin on SDF-1α levels in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Overall, 32 patients (16 males) with T2D, mean age (±SD) 67...
September 20, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931031/reducing-therapeutic-misconception-a-randomized-intervention-trial-in-hypothetical-clinical-trials
#15
Paul P Christopher, Paul S Appelbaum, Debbie Truong, Karen Albert, Louise Maranda, Charles Lidz
BACKGROUND: Participants in clinical trials frequently fail to appreciate key differences between research and clinical care. This phenomenon, known as therapeutic misconception, undermines informed consent to clinical research, but to date there have been no effective interventions to reduce it and concerns have been expressed that to do so might impede recruitment. We determined whether a scientific reframing intervention reduces therapeutic misconception without significantly reducing willingness to participate in hypothetical clinical trials...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930526/inflammatory-biomarkers-of-coronary-heart-disease
#16
Hongyu Li, Kai Sun, Ruiping Zhao, Jiang Hu, Zhiru Hao, Fei Wang, Yaojun Lu, Fu Liu, Yong Zhang
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. CHD is characterized by formation of arterial plaques which are mainly comprised of lipids, calcium and inflammatory cells. These plaques narrow the lumen of coronary arteries leading to episodic or persistent angina. Rupture of these plaques leads to the formation of thrombus, which as a result of cessation of blood flow, causes myocardial infarct and death. CHD is exacerbated by risk factors including obesity, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930485/therapeutic-value-of-ask1-inhibition-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#17
Olivier Boucherat, Steeve Provencher, Sébastien Bonnet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929090/echocardiographic-assessment-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-for-pediatricians-and-neonatologists
#18
REVIEW
Gregory James Skinner
There is a growing awareness of the role that increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) plays in many pathologies; therefore, assessment of pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) is an increasingly requested investigation in the critical care environment. This article will go through the basic concepts regarding PAP and PVR, then will go on to outline the various echocardiographic parameters which are used to assess them. Finally, an outline of how to undertake this assessment will be presented.
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929036/factors-affecting-length-of-stay-following-elective-anterior-and-posterior-cervical-spine-surgery
#19
Frank J Yuk, Akbar Y Maniya, Jonathan J Rasouli, Alexa M Dessy, Patrick J McCormick, Tanvir F Choudhri
Background Disease of the cervical spine is widely prevalent, most commonly secondary to degenerative disc changes and spondylosis. Objective The goal of the paper was to identify a possible discrepancy regarding the length of stay (LOS) between the anterior and posterior approaches to elective cervical spine surgery and identify contributing factors. Methods A retrospective study was performed on 587 patients (341 anterior, 246 posterior) that underwent elective cervical spinal surgery between October 2001 and March 2014...
July 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928965/recent-advances-in-understanding-and-managing-cardiomyopathy
#20
REVIEW
Paulino Alvarez, Wh Wilson Tang
Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle leading to abnormal structure or function in the absence of coronary artery disease, hypertension, or valvular or congenital heart disease. Currently, cardiomyopathy is the leading diagnosis of heart transplant patients worldwide. Incorporation of next-generation sequencing strategies will likely revolutionize genetic testing in cardiomyopathy. The use of patient-specific pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes for disease modeling and therapeutic testing has opened a new avenue for precision medicine in cardiomyopathy...
2017: F1000Research
keyword
keyword
16213
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"