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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30544403/relationship-between-mortality-in-people-with-mental-disorders-and-suicide-mortality-in-china-during-2000-to-2014-an-observational-study
#1
Yundan Liang, Mengchang Yang, Gaofeng Zhao, Yuanyi Mao, Lushun Zhang, Zeqing Hu
Suicide is one of the top 10 causes of death in many countries. Although there are many studies on mental disorders, few studies have examined mortality in suicide population and mentally ill population. This study examined the association between mortality and mental disorders using data on suicides and mental disorders in China. Data from China's Health and Family Planning Statistical Yearbook for 2000 to 2014 were used to analyze the relationship between mortality associated with suicide and mental disorders...
December 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30541457/relationship-between-plaque-composition-by-virtual-histology-intravascular-ultrasound-and-clinical-outcomes-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-saphenous-vein-graft-disease-patients-study-protocol-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Yin Liu, Hai-Bo Wang, Xiang Li, Jian-Yong Xiao, Ji-Xiang Wang, Kathleen H Reilly, Bo Sun, Jing Gao
BACKGROUND: Plaque composition and morphologic characteristics identified by virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) can determine plaques at increased risk of clinical events following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) among coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. However, there have been few studies to investigate the relationship between plaque composition of saphenous vein graft (SVG) by VH-IVUS and clinical outcomes in patients with saphenous vein graft disease (SVGD) undergoing PCI...
December 12, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30535628/advance-for-cardiovascular-health-in-china
#3
REVIEW
Yihua Bei, Chao Shi, Zhongrong Zhang, Junjie Xiao
As the most populous country worldwide, China has ≈ 290 million patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), representing the leading cause of death in Chinese population. The morbidity and mortality of CVDs are continuously rising. Here, we will first summarize the recent advance in the management of CVDs such as coronary arterial disease, arrhythmia, and heart failure in China. In particular, we will introduce the development of chest pain centers and indicate the novel techniques and methods applied for the management of CVDs...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30528410/repair-of-descending-thoracic-aortic-aneurysms-with-ankura-thoracic-stent-graft
#4
Theodoros Kratimenos, Constantine N Antonopoulos, Dimitrios Tomais, Panagiotis Dedeilias, Vasileios Patris, Ilias Samiotis, John Kokotsakis, Dimosthenis Farsaris, Michalis Argiriou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to present the results for patients with atherosclerotic aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta (DTA) treated with a novel thoracic stent graft. METHODS: A single-center retrospective review of prospectively collected data was performed. We extracted demographic variables as well as atherosclerotic comorbidities and operation-related and imaging-related data from patients' medical records. We estimated technical success rate, in-hospital and 30-day mortality, and mortality at the end of follow-up as well as complication and reintervention rate in our study cohort...
October 24, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521845/virulence-properties-of-vibrio-vulnificus-isolated-from-diseased-zoea-of-freshness-shrimp-macrobrachium-rosenbergii
#5
Xixi Li, Yifan Zhou, Qun Jiang, Hui Yang, Daming Pi, Xiaodan Liu, Xiaojian Gao, Nan Chen, Xiaojun Zhang
Macrobrachium rosenbergii is one of the most economically important freshwater shimp, with fast growth and high nutrient content in the agricultural development of China. However, it had been suffering diseases infection, causing mass death and great economic losses. In the present study, a bacteria strain was isolated from the diseased zoea of M. rosenbergii and was identified as Vibrio vulnificus by biochemical characteristics and 16S rRNA homologous analysis. The infection test showed that the strain GXFL1-3 was pathogenic to zoea and postlarva of M...
December 4, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521583/the-burden-of-stroke-in-china-results-from-a-nationwide-population-based-epidemiological-survey
#6
Yilu Gao, Bin Jiang, Haixin Sun, Xiaojuan Ru, Dongling Sun, Linhong Wang, Limin Wang, Yong Jiang, Valery L Feigin, Yilong Wang, Wenzhi Wang
Stroke is a serious threat to human health that often leads to severe complications, and currently ranks first as leading cause of death in China. However, reliable data on stroke burden in China in the 21st century are lacking. We used the data from NESS-China (National Epidemiological Survey of Stroke in China) for assessing the adverse health effects of stroke in Chinese population. We carried out inter-regional comparative study in order to obtain regular burden related characteristics of stroke in China, as measured by YLLs (years of life lost due to premature mortality), YLDs (years lived with disability) and DALYs (disability adjusted life years)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509092/klf11-promotes-gastric-cancer-invasion-and-migration-by-increasing-twist1-expression
#7
Q Ji, Y Li, Q Zhao, L Q Fan, B B Tan, Z D Zhang, X F Zhao, Y Liu, D Wang, N Jia
Gastric cancer (GC) is a leading cause of global cancer-related death. The incidence and mortality rates of gastric cancer in China are second and third ranked in all forms of malignant tumors. Krüppel-like factor11 (KLF11) is a member of the KLF family, and previous studies have shown it significantly influences epithelial ovarian, pancreatic and liver cancer proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. However, the expression and some biological functions of KLF11 in GC are still unclear. We therefore collected and analyzed the mRNA and protein expressions of KLF11 in 59 paired gastric cancer tissues and matched healthy gastric tissue samples...
September 4, 2018: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30508963/pathologic-and-molecular-studies-of-enterovirus-71-infection-in-a-fatal-case-from-a-recent-epidemic-in-china-a-case-report
#8
Jingjun Xing, Ke Wang, Hua Wei, Dengming Wei
RATIONALE: Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is identified as the primary cause of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) and mainly infects the young infants. Though some fatal cases have been reported, the underlying mechanisms of EV71 infection remain elusive and more further pathologic and molecular studies of EV71 infection are needed. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 26-month-old girl with a history of fever and lethargy for 3 days and intermittent seizures for 2 hours associated with rash on 4 limbs was brought to a hospital...
November 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30500923/the-role-of-the-pd-1-pd-l1-axis-in-macrophage-differentiation-and-function-during-pregnancy
#9
Yonghong Zhang, Lina Ma, Xiaohui Hu, Jinlu Ji, Gil Mor, Aihua Liao
STUDY QUESTION: What is the role of the programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/PD-1 ligand-1 (PD-L1) axis in macrophage polarization during early pregnancy? SUMMARY ANSWER: PD-1 signaling is a major regulator of macrophage differentiation and function, and it is critical for the success of a pregnancy. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The predominance of decidual macrophages (DMs) with an M2 phenotype is an important contributor to maternal-fetal tolerance during early pregnancy...
November 30, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30498711/multidisciplinary-management-of-recurrent-and-metastatic-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-resection-an-international-expert-consensus
#10
REVIEW
Tianfu Wen, Chen Jin, Antonio Facciorusso, Matteo Donadon, Ho-Seong Han, Yilei Mao, Chaoliu Dai, Shuqun Cheng, Bixiang Zhang, Baogang Peng, Shunda Du, Changjun Jia, Feng Xu, Jie Shi, Juxian Sun, Peng Zhu, Satoshi Nara, J Michael Millis
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth-most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer-related death in the world. However, 40-70% patients eventually suffer from postoperative recurrence within 5 years. HCC recurrence after surgery severely affects prognosis of the patients. Nevertheless, there is an opportunity to improve patients' prognosis if doctors and researchers can recognize the importance of a standardized perioperative management and study it in clinical and pre-clinical settings. Hence, based on our own experience and published studies from other researchers, we develop this consensus regarding multidisciplinary management of locally recurrent and metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma after resection...
October 2018: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30498360/the-expression-level-and-prognostic-value-of-hipk3-among-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-in-china
#11
Yifei Liu, Li Qian, Juanjuan Yang, Hua Huang, Jia Feng, Xiaoli Li, Tingting Bian, Honggang Ke, Jian Liu, Jianguo Zhang
Background: Lung cancer is one of the most common malignancies in the world and is at the forefront of causes of all cancer deaths. Identification of new prognostic predictors or therapeutic targets might improve a patient's survival rate. Purpose: The Homeodomain interacting protein kinases (HIPKs) function as modulators of cellular stress responses and regulate cell differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis, but the function of HIPK3 is remain unknown. Patients and methods: We used quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting methods to detective the expression of HIPK3...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30497986/global-regional-and-national-estimates-of-pneumonia-morbidity-and-mortality-in-children-younger-than-5-years-between-2000-and-2015-a-systematic-analysis
#12
David A McAllister, Li Liu, Ting Shi, Yue Chu, Craig Reed, John Burrows, Davies Adeloye, Igor Rudan, Robert E Black, Harry Campbell, Harish Nair
BACKGROUND: Global child mortality reduced substantially during the Millennium Development Goal period (2000-15). We aimed to estimate morbidity, mortality, and prevalence of risk factors for child pneumonia at the global, regional, and national level for developing countries for the Millennium Development Goal period. METHODS: We estimated the incidence, number of hospital admissions, and in-hospital mortality due to all-cause clinical pneumonia in children younger than 5 years in developing countries at 5-year intervals during the Millennium Development Goal period (2000-15) using data from a systematic review and Poisson regression...
November 26, 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30496104/global-regional-and-national-incidence-prevalence-and-years-lived-with-disability-for-354-diseases-and-injuries-for-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2017-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2017
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2017 (GBD 2017) includes a comprehensive assessment of incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) for 354 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2017. Previous GBD studies have shown how the decline of mortality rates from 1990 to 2016 has led to an increase in life expectancy, an ageing global population, and an expansion of the non-fatal burden of disease and injury. These studies have also shown how a substantial portion of the world's population experiences non-fatal health loss with considerable heterogeneity among different causes, locations, ages, and sexes...
November 10, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30486755/identification-of-mir-758-3p-as-potential-modulator-of-cbx5-expression-in-gastric-cancer
#14
Jinxing Guo, Zichao Zhang, Lijie Pan, Yuanhang Zhou
Gastric cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancer types in China and also the leading causes of cancer-related death. Previous study showed chromobox 5 expression was elevated in gastric cancer, but little is known regarding the precise molecular mechanisms by which chromobox 5 expression was modulated. In this study, we revealed that chromobox 5 could promote gastric cancer cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro. We screened and identified microRNA-758-3p, whose expression was downregulated in gastric cancer tissues and cell lines, which was a potential upstream molecule of chromobox 5...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30486604/spatial-analysis-of-esophageal-cancer-mortality-in-a-high-risk-population-in-china-consistent-clustering-pattern-in-1970-74-and-2011-13
#15
Kou Kou, Xiaolei Guo, Peter Baade, Zilong Lu, Zhentao Fu, Jie Chu, Aiqiang Xu, Jiandong Sun
Purpose: Almost half of the global esophageal cancer (EC) deaths occurred in China. This study aims to examine the geographic spread of EC mortality in two periods in a large Chinese population. Methods: Age-standardized mortality rates (ASMRs) for 140 county-level units in Shandong Province during the periods 1970-74 and 2011-13 were derived using data from the First National Cause-of-Death Survey and the Shandong Death Registration System, respectively. ASMRs were smoothed using Area-to-Area Poisson kriging technique...
November 29, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30485694/epidemiology-of-lung-cancer-in-china
#16
REVIEW
Maomao Cao, Wanqing Chen
The incidence and mortality rates of lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer death in China, have significantly increased in recent years, and present geographic and gender differences as a result of diversity in lifestyles and socioeconomic development. A series of attribute risk analyses have shown that factors such as smoking, air pollution, and occupational factors are all related to lung cancer. Behavioral intervention, such as smoking cessation and screening, could effectively reduce lung cancer incidence and mortality...
November 28, 2018: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30482493/clinical-features-and-long-term-outcomes-of-diabetic-kidney-disease-a-prospective-cohort-study-from-china
#17
Bixia Gao, Shouling Wu, Jinwei Wang, Chao Yang, Shuohua Chen, Jinhong Hou, Junjuan Li, Yaozheng Yang, Kevin He, Minghui Zhao, Min Chen, Luxia Zhang
BACKGROUND: Information regarding the clinical phenotypes of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) might guide better practice for clinicians. We aim to compare the clinical features and long-term outcomes of proteinuric and non-proteinuric phenotypes of DKD, based on a prospective cohort of Chinese population. METHODS: Altogether 8811 Chinese participants with diabetes were included. Kidney function decline was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min·1...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30482187/prevalence-and-in-hospital-outcomes-of-diabetes-among-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-china-findings-from-the-improving-care-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-china-acute-coronary-syndrome-project
#18
Mengge Zhou, Jing Liu, Yongchen Hao, Jun Liu, Yong Huo, Sidney C Smith, Junbo Ge, Changsheng Ma, Yaling Han, Gregg C Fonarow, Kathryn A Taubert, Louise Morgan, Na Yang, Yueyan Xing, Dong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Guidelines have classified patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and diabetes as a special population, with specific sections presented for the management of these patients considering their extremely high risk. However, in China up-to-date information is lacking regarding the burden of diabetes in patients with ACS and the potential impact of diabetes status on the in-hospital outcomes of these patients. This study aims to provide updated estimation for the burden of diabetes in patients with ACS in China and to evaluate whether diabetes is still associated with excess risks of early mortality and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) for ACS patients...
November 27, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30481929/-the-incidence-and-mortality-of-lung-cancer-in-china-2014
#19
K X Sun, R S Zheng, H M Zeng, S W Zhang, X N Zou, X Y Gu, C F Xia, Z X Yang, H Li, W Q Chen, J He
Objective: To estimate lung cancer incidence and mortality in China using population-based cancer registry data in 2014 collected by National Central Cancer Registry of China (NCCRC). Methods: 449 cancer registries submitted cancer registry data in 2014. All datasets were evaluated and 339 registries' data which met the quality control criteria of NCCRC were analyzed. Numbers of new lung cancer cases and deaths were estimated using calculated incidence and mortality rates and corresponding national population stratified by areas, sexes and age groups...
November 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30475882/epidemiological-analysis-of-maternal-deaths-in-hunan-province-in-china-between-2009-and-2014
#20
Xiong Lili, He Jian, Zeng Mengjun, Wu Yinglan, Xie Donghua, Wang Aihua, Kong Fanjuan, Wang Hua, Liu Zhiyu
BACKGROUND: The control of maternal deaths continues to be a significant public health issue and commands an enormous amount of attention, especially under the future family planning policy. Here, we describe the epidemiology and trends of maternal deaths in Hunan province, and give several policy implications. METHODS: Maternal deaths in Hunan province between 2009 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. Cochran-Armitage trend test was used to assess the time trends of maternal mortality rates...
2018: PloS One
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