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“china death cause”

Jie Guo, Mingyue Ma, Chunling Xiao, Chunqing Zhang, Jianping Chen, Hong Lin, Yiming DU, Min Liu
Background: We aimed to evaluate the risk factors of the daily mortality associated with air pollution causing acute lower respiratory tract infections. Methods: We applied a short time series analysis to the air pollution record, meteorological data and 133 non-accidental death data in Shengyang, China, in 2013-2015. After controlling the seasonality, day of week and weather conditions, the group employed an over-dispersed Possion generalized addictive model to discuss the associations among different variables, then performed the stratified analysis according to age, gender, and season...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Jian Zhou, Hui-Chuan Sun, Zheng Wang, Wen-Ming Cong, Jian-Hua Wang, Meng-Su Zeng, Jia-Mei Yang, Ping Bie, Lian-Xin Liu, Tian-Fu Wen, Guo-Hong Han, Mao-Qiang Wang, Rui-Bao Liu, Li-Gong Lu, Zheng-Gang Ren, Min-Shan Chen, Zhao-Chong Zeng, Ping Liang, Chang-Hong Liang, Min Chen, Fu-Hua Yan, Wen-Ping Wang, Yuan Ji, Wen-Wu Cheng, Chao-Liu Dai, Wei-Dong Jia, Ya-Ming Li, Ye-Xiong Li, Jun Liang, Tian-Shu Liu, Guo-Yue Lv, Yi-Lei Mao, Wei-Xin Ren, Hong-Cheng Shi, Wen-Tao Wang, Xiao-Ying Wang, Bao-Cai Xing, Jian-Ming Xu, Jian-Yong Yang, Ye-Fa Yang, Sheng-Long Ye, Zheng-Yu Yin, Bo-Heng Zhang, Shui-Jun Zhang, Wei-Ping Zhou, Ji-Ye Zhu, Rong Liu, Ying-Hong Shi, Yong-Sheng Xiao, Zhi Dai, Gao-Jun Teng, Jian-Qiang Cai, Wei-Lin Wang, Jia-Hong Dong, Qiang Li, Feng Shen, Shu-Kui Qin, Jia Fan
Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (about 85-90% of primary liver cancer) is particularly prevalent in China because of the high prevalence of chronic hepatitis B infection. HCC is the fourth most common malignancy and the third leading cause of tumor-related deaths in China. It poses a significant threat to the life and health of Chinese people. Summary: This guideline presents official recommendations of the National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China on the surveillance, diagnosis, staging, and treatment of HCC occurring in China...
September 2018: Liver Cancer
Xuewei Xie, Xianwei Wang, Zixiao Li, Xingquan Zhao, Zhongrong Miao, Liping Liu, Hao Li, Xia Meng, Yongjun Wang, Yilong Wang
AIM: The impact of international normalized ratio (INR) on prognosis after acute ischemic stroke without anticoagulation therapy is unclear. Herein, the association between baseline INR and stroke outcomes in patients without anticoagulation therapy was investigated. METHODS: A total of 14,782 ischemic stroke patients from the China National Stroke Registry Ⅱ were included in this analysis. The period of follow-up was 1 year after stroke onset. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate the relationship between INR and stroke outcomes including all-cause death, recurrent stroke, composite end point, and poor functional outcome...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Xuemei Li, Hong Xu, Nan Chen, Zhaohui Ni, Meng-Hua Chen, Limeng Chen, Jie Dong, Wei Fang, Yusheng Yu, Xiao Yang, Jiang-Hua Chen, Xue-Qing Yu, Qiang Yao, James A Sloand, Mark Marshall
BACKGROUND: There is an emerging practice pattern of automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) in China. We report on outcomes compared to continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in a Chinese cohort. METHODS: Data were sourced from the Baxter Healthcare (China) Investment Co. Ltd Patient Support Program database, comprising an inception cohort commencing PD between 1 January 2005 and 13 August 2015. We used time-dependent cause-specific Cox proportional hazards and Fine-Gray competing risks (kidney transplantation, change to hemodialysis) models to estimate relative mortality risk between APD and CAPD...
October 12, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Xue-Qing Yu, Jiang-Hua Chen, Zhaohui Ni, Nan Chen, Meng-Hua Chen, Jie Dong, Limeng Chen, Yusheng Yu, Xiao Yang, Wei Fang, Qiang Yao, James A Sloand, Mark Marshall
BACKGROUND: We report outcomes on ≥ 4 compared with < 4 exchanges/day in a Chinese cohort on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). METHODS: Data were sourced from the Baxter (China) Investment Co. Ltd Patient Support Program database, comprising an inception cohort commencing CAPD between 1 January 2005 and 13 August 2015. We used cause-specific Cox proportional hazards and Fine-Gray competing risks (kidney transplantation, change to hemodialysis) models to estimate mortality risk on ≥ 4 compared with < 4 exchanges/day...
October 12, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Ying Li, Roongruedee Chaiteerakij, Jung Hyun Kwon, Jeong Won Jang, Hae Lim Lee, Stephen Cha, Xi Wei Ding, Charat Thongprayoon, Fu Shuang Ha, Cai Yun Nie, Qian Zhang, Zhen Yang, Nasra H Giama, Lewis R Roberts, Tao Han
Infection is a common cause of death in patients with advanced cirrhosis. We aimed to develop a predictive model in Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) class C cirrhotics hospitalized with infection for optimizing treatment and improving outcomes.Clinical information was retrospectively abstracted from 244 patients at Tianjin Third Central Hospital, China (cohort 1). Factors associated with mortality were determined using logistic regression. The model for predicting 90-day mortality was then constructed by decision tree analysis...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Guijie Luan, Peng Yin, Lijun Wang, Maigeng Zhou
Limited evidence on the burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) attributable to ambient temperature. We aim to explore the association between ambient temperature and years of life lost (YLL), and to get a more intuitive understanding of the dangers of COPD in China. Death and meteorological data of 31 Chinese provincial capital cities during 2008-2013 was analyzed in this study. Distributed Lag Non-linear Model (DLNM) was used to estimate the association between ambient temperature and mortality...
October 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Dong Hoon Shin, Raffaella Bianucci, Hisashi Fujita, Jong Ha Hong
Over the decades, mummy studies have expanded to reconstruct a multifaceted knowledge about the ancient populations' living conditions, pathologies, and possible cause of death in different spatiotemporal contexts. Mainly due to linguistic barriers, however, the international knowledge of East Asian mummies has remained sketchy until recently. We thus analyse and summarize the outcomes of the studies so far performed in Korea and China in order to provide mummy experts with little-known data on East Asian mummies...
2018: BioMed Research International
Lan Wen, Suxia Wang, Lei Liu, Lin Chen, Jia Geng, Lei Kuang, Gangzhen Qian, Junjie Su, Kangning Chen, Zhenhua Zhou
Compared to carotid endarterectomy, carotid artery stenting (CAS) is reportedly associated with higher perioperative risks in elderly patients. To verify the long-term safety and efficacy of CAS with embolic protection in elderly patients, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with carotid stenosis treated between January 2003 and March 2010 at the Department of Neurology of a large university hospital in China. We included patients with symptomatic, moderate, or severe carotid stenosis of atherosclerotic etiology (other etiologies were excluded), with a disability score ≤ 3 on the modified Rankin Scale, and who received CAS instead of carotid endarterectomy...
2018: Behavioural Neurology
Ning Ma, Yong Zhang, Jie Shuai, Changchun Jiang, Qiyi Zhu, Kangning Chen, Li Liu, Baomin Li, Xiangqun Shi, Lianbo Gao, Yajie Liu, Feng Wang, Yongli Li, Tieyan Liu, Hongbo Zheng, Dapeng Mo, Feng Gao, Yilong Wang, Yongjun Wang, Lei Feng, Zhongrong Miao
Background and purpose: A multicentre prospective registry study of individually tailored stenting for a patient with symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) combined with poor collaterals in China showed that the short-term safety and efficacy of stenting was acceptable. However, it remained uncertain whether the low event rate could be of a long term. We reported the 1-year outcome of this registry study to evaluate the long-term efficacy of individually tailored stenting for patients with severe symptomatic ICAS combined with poor collaterals...
September 2018: Stroke and Vascular Neurology
Y T He, D J Li, D Liang, R S Zheng, S W Zhang, H M Zeng, W Q Chen, J He
Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality of bladder cancer in China based on the cancer registration data in 2014, collected by the National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR). Methods: There were 449 cancer registries submitted bladder cancer new cases and deaths occurred in 2014 to NCCR. After evaluating the data quality, 339 registries' data were finally accepted for analysis. According to the national population data of 2014, the nationwide incidence and mortality of bladder cancer were estimated by stratification in the area (urban or rural), gender, and age...
September 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
Kejia Hu, Yuming Guo, Deyun Hu, Rongguang Du, Xuchao Yang, Jieming Zhong, Fangrong Fei, Feng Chen, Gongbo Chen, Qi Zhao, Jun Yang, Yunquan Zhang, Qian Chen, Tingting Ye, Shanshan Li, Jiaguo Qi
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence is available on the health effects of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of <1 μm (PM1 ), mainly due to the lack of its ground measurement worldwide. OBJECTIVES: To identify and examine the mortality risks and mortality burdens associated with PM1 , PM2.5 , and PM10 in Zhejiang province, China. METHODS: We collected daily data regarding all-cause (stratified by age and gender), cardiovascular, stroke, respiratory, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mortality, and PM1 , PM2...
October 3, 2018: Environment International
Yi Tian, Abrar Ahmad Chughtai, Zhiyong Gao, Hanqiu Yan, Yanwei Chen, Baiwei Liu, Da Huo, Lei Jia, Quanyi Wang, Chandini Raina MacIntyre
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus is a leading cause of severe diarrheal disease, and one of the common causes of death in children aged under five years old. The dominant epidemic strains may change in different years in the same area. In order to provide evidence for rotavirus epidemic control and inform vaccine development, we analyzed epidemiological patterns and genetic characteristics of rotavirus in Beijing during 2011-2016. METHODS: Stool specimens of outpatient children under five years old were collected from three children's hospitals on a weekly basis...
October 3, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Shuo Wang, Xiaoyu Du, Xue Han, Fan Yang, Jia Zhao, Hui Li, Mi Li, Hongwei Zhang, Wenbin Liu, Jiahui Song, Guangwen Cao
BACKGROUND: Understanding how socioeconomic events influence cause-specific mortality is essential for optimizing disease-control strategies. We characterized long-term trends in cause-specific mortality in a stable population from a very large urban centre. METHODS: We derived population data from 1974 to 2015 on vital status, demographics and causes of death from the death registration system in Yangpu District, Shanghai, China. We examined temporal trends in mortality and assessed the effects of age, period and birth cohort...
October 1, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Wei Jiang, Wei Han
On 28 February 2012, a guanidine nitrate explosion occurred at HEBEI KEEPER Chemical Industries Co., Ltd., China, resulting in 25 deaths, with 4 missing individuals and 46 injured. In order to explore the causal relationship hidden behind this accident, fault tree analysis (FTA) and the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) were used to systematically analyze the incident. Firstly, FTA was used to analyze the causes of the accident in depth, until all the basic causal events causing the guanidine nitrate explosion were identified, and a fault tree diagram of the guanidine nitrate explosion was drawn...
September 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Rachel P Dreyer, Xin Zheng, Xiao Xu, Shuling Liu, Jing Li, Qinglan Ding, Xue Du, Xi Li, Haibo Zhang, Fredrick A Masoudi, John A Spertus, Harlan M Krumholz, Lixin Jiang
BACKGROUND: We examined sex differences in long-term health outcomes following acute myocardial infarction in China, including mortality, major adverse cardiac events and health status (symptoms, functioning, quality of life). METHODS: A total of 3415 acute myocardial infarction patients (23.2% women) aged ⩾18 years were enrolled across 10 geographic regions in China (2012-2014) in the China Patient-Centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events (PEACE) study...
October 1, 2018: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
Kamal Jyoti Maji, Wei-Feng Ye, Mohit Arora, S M Shiva Nagendra
China is in a critical stage of ambient air quality management after global attention on pollution in its cities. Industrial development and urbanization have led to alarming levels of air pollution with serious health hazards in densely populated cities. The quantification of cause-specific PM2.5 -related health impacts and corresponding economic loss estimation is crucial for control policies on ambient PM2.5 levels. Based on ground-level direct measurements of PM2.5 concentrations in 338 Chinese cities for the year 2016, this study estimates cause-specific mortality using integrated exposure-response (IER) model, non-linear power law (NLP) model and log-linear (LL) model followed by morbidity assessment using log-linear model...
September 21, 2018: Environment International
Xiaofeng Xue, Yubin Zhao, Xiaona Wang, Lei Qin, Rongkuan Hu
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. China accounts for over half of the new cases and deaths. Diagnostic imprecision and a lack of complimentary molecular biomarkers are partially responsible for this lack of progress. Herein, serum-derived exosomal microRNA (miRNA) profiling was performed on 80 patients which histologically confirmed HCC and 30 normal controls. A classification of 8 exosomal miRNAs had biologically and statistically significant differences between HCC and normal serum samples, including miR-122, miR-125b, miR-145, miR-192, miR-194, miR-29a, miR-17-5p, and miR-106a...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Zhenshi Xu, Fei Qi, Yani Wang, Xiaorong Jia, Peng Lin, Meiyun Geng, Rui Wang, Shanpeng Li
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoking is among the most important public health concerns worldwide and the leading preventable cause of illness and death associated with cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although Qingdao, China implemented smoking control measures in 2007 and smoke-free legislation in 2013, smoking-attributable cancer mortality remains at a high level. The present study aimed to facilitate changes in policy-making, intervention implementation, monitoring and evaluation by estimating and comparing the burden of smoking-attributable cancers in Qingdao during 2005, 2010 and 2015...
2018: PloS One
Yong-Li Xiao, Lili Ren, Xi Zhang, Li Qi, John C Kash, Yan Xiao, Fan Wu, Jianwei Wang, Jeffery K Taubenberger
Influenza A virus (IAV) infections are a major public health concern, including annual epidemics, epizootic outbreaks, and pandemics. A significant IAV epizootic outbreak was the H7N9 avian influenza A outbreak in China, which was first detected in 2013 and which has spread over 5 waves from 2013 to 2017, causing human infections in many different Chinese provinces. Here, RNA from primary clinical throat swab samples from 20 H7N9-infected local patients with different clinical outcomes, who were admitted and treated at one hospital in Shanghai, China, from April 2013 to April 2015, was analyzed...
September 19, 2018: MSphere
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