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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302883/autonomic-cardiac-regulation-after-general-anesthesia-in-children
#1
Théa Venet, Vincent Pichot, David Charier, Aurélien Scalabre, Hugues Patural
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia dramatically decreases the activity of the autonomic nervous system. Most of the hypnotic agents used to induce anesthesia inhibit sympathetic cardiovascular regulation and baroreflex control in a dose-dependent manner, lowering cardiac adaptability during the operation. The consequence of this effect in children during and after surgery has never been studied to date. AIM: The aim of this study was to follow the variations in autonomic cardiac indices in children younger than 8 years old after general anesthesia (6-24 hours) in programmed surgery...
October 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299600/rationale-and-design-of-the-eu-cert-icd-prospective-study-comparative-effectiveness-of-prophylactic-icd-implantation
#2
Markus Zabel, Christian Sticherling, Rik Willems, Andrzej Lubinski, Axel Bauer, Leonard Bergau, Frieder Braunschweig, Josep Brugada, Sandro Brusich, David Conen, Iwona Cygankiewicz, Panagiota Flevari, Milos Taborsky, Jim Hansen, Gerd Hasenfuß, Robert Hatala, Heikki V Huikuri, Svetoslav Iovev, Stefan Kääb, Gabriela Kaliska, Jaroslaw D Kasprzak, Lars Lüthje, Marek Malik, Tomas Novotny, Nikola Pavlović, Georg Schmidt, Tchavdar Shalganov, Rajeeva Sritharan, Simon Schlögl, Janko Szavits Nossan, Vassil Traykov, Anton E Tuinenburg, Vasil Velchev, Marc A Vos, Stefan N Willich, Tim Friede, Jesper Hastrup Svendsen, Béla Merkely
AIMS: The clinical effectiveness of primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy is under debate. The EUropean Comparative Effectiveness Research to Assess the Use of Primary ProphylacTic Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (EU-CERT-ICD) aims to assess its current clinical value. METHODS AND RESULTS: The EU-CERT-ICD is a prospective investigator-initiated non-randomized, controlled, multicentre observational cohort study performed in 44 centres across 15 European Union countries...
October 9, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30285795/percutaneous-versus-thoracoscopic-ablation-of-symptomatic-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-fast-ii-study
#3
Jesper Eske Sindby, Henrik Vadmann, Søren Lundbye-Christensen, Sam Riahi, Søren Hjortshøj, Lucas V A Boersma, Jan Jesper Andreasen
BACKGROUND: The most efficient first-time invasive treatment, for achieving sinus rhythm, in symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation has not been established. We aimed to compare percutaneous catheter and video-assisted thoracoscopic pulmonary vein radiofrequency ablation in patients referred for first-time invasive treatment due to symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. The primary outcome of interest was the prevalence of atrial fibrillation with and without anti-arrhythmic drugs at 12 months...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30279890/left-ventricular-reverse-remodeling-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-complicated-by-paroxysmal-complete-atrioventricular-block
#4
Luca Segreti, Kristian Ujka, Tea Cellamaro, Giulio Zucchelli, Andrea Di Cori, Ezio Soldati, Maria Grazia Bongiorni
An 86-year-old man with unremarkable clinical history complaining of asthenia and dyspnea was diagnosed with low-flow low-gradient aortic stenosis [LFLG-AS; left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) 40% and transaortic mean gradient 37 mmHg, increasing to 52% and 55 mmHg after dobutamine infusion]. The patient underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI; Edwards CENTERA™ 29, Irvine, CA, USA). The procedure and the following hospital stay were free from complications, with no changes on electrocardiography (ECG)...
June 2018: Journal of Cardiology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30279840/incorrect-holter-ecg-analysis-caused-by-the-pacemaker-delivering-small-high-frequency-currents-for-thoracic-impedance-measurement
#5
Masaomi Chinushi, Hitoshi Tachikawa, Yuko Chinushi, Toshio Yamaguchi, Osamu Saitoh, Takashi Tsuda
In an 86-year-old woman who had been treated for sick sinus syndrome, the small high-frequency current delivered by pacemaker in order to measure the minutes ventilation for utilizing the rate-response mode was transiently over-sensed on the Holter electrocardiogram. Although her pacing system was working appropriately, the numbers of the paced beats on the automatic Holter analysis were undercounted (from >60% to <5%) during the over-sensing periods because these currents were recognized as multiple pacing spikes...
December 2017: Journal of Cardiology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30271091/dynamic-electrocardiography-is-useful-in-the-diagnosis-of-persistent-atrial-fibrillation-accompanied-with-second-degree-atrioventricular-block
#6
Lei Zhang, Junling He, Miaojun Lian, Li Zhao, Xudong Xie
Background: Periodic electrocardiography (ECG) at every clinical visit is generally performed for heart rhythm surveillance, and 24-h Holter ECG is usually used as the gold standard. We aimed to investigate the electrocardiographic features of persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) accompanied with second-degree atrioventricular block (AVB). Methods: From October 2012 to November 2015, 204 patients with an RR interval > 2.0 s before radiofrequency ablation were included...
September 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30238709/fibrosis-marker-soluble-st2-predicts-atrial-fibrillation-recurrence-after-cryoballoon-catheter-ablation-of-nonvalvular-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation
#7
Sefa Okar, Onur Kaypakli, Durmuş Yıldıray Şahin, Mevlüt Koç
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the relationship between the recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and fibrosis marker soluble ST2 (sST2) in patients with nonvalvular paroxysmal AF (PAF). METHODS: We prospectively included 100 consecutive patients with PAF diagnosis and scheduled for cryoballoon catheter ablation for AF (47 males, 53 females; mean age 55.1±10.8 years). sST2 plasma levels were determined using the ASPECT-PLUS assay on ASPECT Reader device (Critical Diagnostics)...
October 2018: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230101/outcomes-of-paroxysmal-af-ablation-studies-are-affected-more-by-study-design-and-patient-mix-than-ablation-technique
#8
João Ferreira-Martins, James Howard, Becker Al-Khayatt, Joseph Shalhoub, Afzal Sohaib, Matthew J Shun-Shin, Paul G Novak, Rick Leather, Laurence D Sterns, Christopher Lane, Phang Boon Lim, Prapa Kanagaratnam, Nicholas S Peters, Darrel P Francis, Markus B Sikkel
OBJECTIVE: We tested whether ablation methodology and study design can explain the varying outcomes in terms of AF-free survival at 1 year. BACKGROUND: There have been numerous paroxysmal AF ablation trials, which are heterogeneous in their use of different ablation techniques and study design. A useful approach to understanding how these factors influence outcome is to dismantle the trials into individual arms and reconstitute them as a large meta-regression. METHODS: Data was collected from 66 studies (6941 patients)...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230074/five-year-experience-with-pulmonary-vein-isolation-using-the-second-generation-cryoballoon-for-treatment-of-persistent-atrial-fibrillation
#9
Ersan Akkaya, Alexander Berkowitsch, Sergej Zaltsberg, Harald Greiss, Christian W Hamm, Johannes Sperzel, Thomas Neumann, Malte Kuniss
INTRODUCTION: We analyzed the procedural experience and clinical outcome after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) gained over 5 years using the second-generation cryoballoon (CB-Adv). METHODS AND RESULTS: For this retrospective study, we enrolled 281 patients undergoing PVI at our institution between 2012 and 2016. The analyzed period was divided into 5 calendar years. Follow-up data, including Holter electrocardiography recordings, were collected during outpatient clinic visits...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30224404/atrial-fibrillation-detection-using-single-lead-portable-electrocardiographic-monitoring-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Satish Ramkumar, Nitesh Nerlekar, Daniel D'Souza, Derek J Pol, Jonathan M Kalman, Thomas H Marwick
OBJECTIVES: Recent technology advances have allowed for heart rhythm monitoring using single-lead ECG monitoring devices, which can be used for early diagnosis of atrial fibrillation (AF). We sought to investigate the AF detection rate using portable ECG devices compared with Holter monitoring. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND OUTCOME MEASURES: We searched the Medline, Embase and Scopus databases (conducted on 8 May 2017) using search terms related to AF screening and included studies with adults aged >18 years using portable ECG devices or Holter monitoring for AF detection...
September 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30190644/prevalence-of-p-wave-dispersion-and-interatrial-block-in-patients-with-systolic-heart-failure-and-their-relationship-with-functional-status-hospitalization-and-one-year-mortality
#11
Ahmed Tageldien Abdellah, Merhan El-Nagary
Background and objectives: P-wave dispersion (PWD) and Interatrial block (IAB) are common in heart failure (HF), and could be associated with adverse cardiac events. We aimed to assess the prevalence of PWD and IAB and their relationship with functional status, hospitalization and mortality rate in patients with systolic HF. Methods: We enrolled 110 HF patients in sinus rhythm & LVEF <50%. Patients had undergone clinical evaluation, 6 min walking test (6MWT), 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG), 24-h Holter ECG & echocardiogram...
September 2018: The Egyptian heart journal: (EHJ): official bulletin of the Egyptian Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30181199/a-52-year-old-woman-with-ventricular-tachycardia
#12
Ana Fidalgo, Leticia Fernandez-Friera, Jorge Solis
CLINICAL INTRODUCTION: A 52-year-old woman with shortness of breath and palpitations was referred to a cardiologist. A 24-hour Holter demonstrated high density (37%) of ventricular premature beats (VPBs) and long runs of non-sustained (eventually sustained) monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) with the same morphology as several VPBs detected in a 12-lead ECG (figure 1A). A transthoracic echocardiogram was performed, and the patient's evaluation was completed with a functional and gadolinium-enhanced cardiovascular MR (CMR) study (figure 1B,C) to assess structural heart disease...
September 4, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152798/assessment-of-the-relationship-between-the-ambulatory-electrocardiography-based-micro-t-wave-alternans-and-the-predicted-risk-score-of-sudden-cardiac-death-at-5-years-in-patients-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#13
Sinem Özyılmaz, Hamdi Püşüroğlu
OBJECTIVE: Micro T-wave alternans (MTWA) has been associated with poor arrhythmic prognosis in various cardiac disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the presence of MTWA and the predicted 5-year risk of sudden cardiac death (HCM Risk-SCD) among patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). METHODS: A total of 117 consecutive HCM patients were included in this prospective observational study. Patients were divided into two groups, according to the presence [MTWA (+) group (n=44)] or absence [MTWA (-) group (n=73)] of MTWA on ambulatory (Holter) electrocardiography...
September 2018: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144238/using-the-mb-later-score-for-predicting-arrhythmia-outcome-after-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-the-guangzhou-atrial-fibrillation-project
#14
Hai Deng, Alena Shantsila, Yumei Xue, Tatjana S Potpara, Ying Bai, Xianzhang Zhan, Xianhong Fang, Hongtao Liao, Wei Wei, Shulin Wu, Gregory Y H Lip
INTRODUCTION: Several clinical scoring systems have been derived to predict the arrhythmia outcome of catheter ablation (CA) for atrial fibrillation (AF) but which is better is not clear. Simple clinical risk scores (that any clinician can use in the everyday clinic) can help assess the likelihood of recurrence of AF following CA and the simple MB-LATER score has recently been described. We compare the predictive ability of seven existing clinical scoring systems (HATCH, CHADS2 , CHA2 DS2 -VASc, BASE-AF2 , APPLE, CAAP-AF, and MB-LATER) in a Chinese cohort of AF patients undergoing CA...
November 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116449/association-of-tp-te-qt-ratio-with-ventricular-tachycardia-in-patients-with-idiopathic-outflow-tract-ventricular-premature-contraction
#15
Arina Prihestri Nugraheni, Irsad Andi Arso, Erika Maharani
Background: Idiopathic outflow tract ventricular premature contraction (VPC) can evolve into ventricular tachycardia (VT) via triggered activity mechanism. Transmural dispersion of repolarization (TDR) might play a role in idiopathic outflow tract VT by inducing phase 2 early afterdepolarization (EAD) and serve as the functional substrate for VT. Tp-Te/QT ratio as an arrhythmogenesis index has been reported to be associated with the incidence of ventricular arrhythmia. This study aims to investigate the association between Tp-Te/QT ratio with VT incidence in idiopathic outflow tract VPC...
August 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102251/parallel-use-of-a-convolutional-neural-network-and-bagged-tree-ensemble-for-the-classification-of-holter-ecg
#16
Filip Plesinger, Petr Nejedly, Ivo Viscor, Josef Halamek, Pavel Jurak
The automated detection of arrhythmia in a Holter ECG signal is a challenging task due to its complex clinical content and data quantity. It is also challenging due to the fact that Holter ECG is usually affected by noise. Such noise may be the result of the regular activity of patients using the Holter ECG-partially unplugged electrodes, short-time disconnections due to movement, or disturbances caused by electric devices or infrastructure. Furthermore, regular patient activities such as movement also affect the ECG signals and, in connection with artificial noise, may render the ECG non-readable or may lead to misinterpretation of the ECG...
September 13, 2018: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30101452/twenty-four-hour-ambulatory-ecg-monitoring-relevancy-in-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1-follow-up-prognostic-value-and-heart-rate-variability-evolution
#17
Alexandre Gamet, Bruno Degand, François Le Gal, Nicolas Bidegain, Anne Delaubier, Brigitte Gilbert-Dussardier, Luc Christiaens, Rodrigue Garcia
BACKGROUND: Patient prognosis in type 1 myotonic dystrophy (DM1) is very poor. Annual 24-hour holter ECG monitoring is recommended but its relevance is debated. Main objective was to determine whether holter ECG parameters could predict global death in DM1 patients and secondarily to assess whether they could predict cardiovascular events and sudden cardiac death, to compare DM1 patients and healthy controls, and to assess their evolution in DM1 over a 5-year period. METHODS: This retrospective study included genetically confirmed DM1...
August 12, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30088700/effectiveness-comparison-of-various-atrial-fibrillation-ablation-methods-in-patients-with-common-venous-trunk
#18
Edward Koźluk, Dorota Zyśko, Agnieszka Piątkowska, Marek Kiliszek, Piotr Lodziński, Sylwia Małkowska, Paweł Balsam, Dariusz Rodkiewicz, Małgorzata Żukowska, Grzegorz Opolski
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common clinical problem. The left atrium anatomy makes up a factor that may significantly affect the effectiveness of the AF ablation. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate a long-term effectiveness ablation in patients with common pulmonary vein trunk (CPVT) and AF. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The outcomes of 129 procedures in 95 patients with CPVT out of 1,475 procedures carried out in 1,150 patients with AF treated with ablation, were analyzed...
August 8, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30082088/the-43rd-international-society-for-computerized-electrocardiology-ecg-initiative-for-the-automated-detection-of-strict-left-bundle-branch-block
#19
Robbert Zusterzeel, Jose Vicente, Roberto Ochoa-Jimenez, Jun Zhu, Jean-Philippe Couderc, Esther Akinnagbe-Zusterzeel, David G Strauss
The presence of left bundle branch block (LBBB) is an important predictor of benefit from cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). New "strict" electrocardiographic (ECG) criteria for LBBB have been shown to better predict benefit from CRT. The "strict" LBBB criteria include: QRS duration ≥140 ms (men) or ≥130 ms (women), QS- or rS-configurations of the QRS complex in leads V1 and V2, and mid-QRS notching or slurring in ≥2 of leads V1, V2, V5, V6, I and aVL. The "strict" LBBB criteria are not regularly used and most hospital automated ECG systems and physicians still use more conventional LBBB criteria...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30061094/a-novel-12-lead-electrocardiographic-system-for-home-use-development-and-usability-testing
#20
Annemarijn Sm Steijlen, Kaspar Mb Jansen, Armagan Albayrak, Derk O Verschure, Diederik F Van Wijk
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Early diagnosis is of pivotal importance for patients with cardiac arrhythmias and ischemia to minimize the consequences like strokes and myocardial infarctions. The chance of capturing signals of arrhythmias or ischemia is substantially high when a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) can be recorded at the moment when a patient experiences the symptoms. However, until now, available diagnostic systems (Holter monitors and other wearable ECG sensors) have not enabled patients to record a reliable 12-lead ECG at home...
July 30, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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