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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736678/rapid-assessment-zika-virus-knowledge-among-clinical-specialists-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Chee F Yung, Clarence C Tam, Victor S Rajadurai, Jerry Ky Chan, Mabel Sf Low, Yong H Ng, Koh C Thoon, Lay K Tan
INTRODUCTION: We report the results of a rapid assessment of Zika virus awareness among key clinical specialties in Singapore. METHODS: Between June 6 and June 19, 2016 we conducted an online survey of doctors working in obstetrics and gynaecology, neonatology and paediatrics in Singapore. The survey included 15 multiple choice questions to measure respondents' knowledge of Zika virus in four domains covering clinical and public health. RESULTS: A total of 110 survey responses (15% response rate) were obtained, 82% of respondents worked in the public sector...
May 3, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724381/the-human-resources-for-health-effort-index-a-tool-to-assess-and-inform-strategic-health-workforce-investments
#2
Alfredo L Fort, Rachel Deussom, Randi Burlew, Kate Gilroy, David Nelson
BACKGROUND: Despite its importance, the field of human resources for health (HRH) has lagged in developing methods to measure its status and progress in low- and middle-income countries suffering a workforce crisis. Measures of professional health worker densities and distribution are purely numerical, unreliable, and do not represent the full spectrum of workers providing health services. To provide more information on the multi-dimensional characteristics of human resources for health, in 2013-2014, the global USAID-funded CapacityPlus project, led by IntraHealth International, developed and tested a 79-item HRH Effort Index modeled after the widely used Family Planning Effort Index...
July 19, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722551/promoting-research-to-improve-maternal-neonatal-infant-and-adolescent-health-in-west-africa-the-role-of-the-west-african-health-organisation
#3
Issiaka Sombie, Aissa Bouwayé, Yves Mongbo, Namoudou Keita, Virgil Lokossou, Ermel Johnson, Laurent Assogba, Xavier Crespin
West Africa has adopted numerous strategies to counter maternal and infant mortality, provides national maternal and infant health programmes, and hosts many active technical and financial partners and non-governmental organisations. Despite this, maternal and infant morbidity and mortality indicators are still very high. In this commentary, internal actors and officials of the West African Health Organisation (WAHO) examine the regional organisation's role in promoting research as a tool for strengthening maternal and infant health in West Africa...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721009/patient-profiles-and-clinical-utility-of-mepolizumab-in-severe-eosinophilic-asthma
#4
REVIEW
Pranabashis Haldar
Mepolizumab (Nucala(®)) is an effective and specific anti-eosinophil molecular therapy that has recently been approved as add-on therapy for the management of severe eosinophilic asthma by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), European Medicines Agency (EMA; European Union) and more recently National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE; UK). It is one of several molecular therapies in development for this indication and is illustrative of the strategic trajectory for pharmaceutical drug development taken over the past decade in several disease areas...
2017: Biologics: Targets & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719431/bispectral-index-measurements-are-not-degraded-during-aeromedical-evacuations
#5
Nicolas Donat, Audrey Cirodde, Clément Hoffmann, Jean-Vivien Schaal, Yannick Masson, Antoine Nau, Paul Vincent Martin, Samuel Madec, Thomas Leclerc
For a decade, depth of anesthesia monitoring has become a reality in the operating room. It provides valuable help for managing anesthesia, especially for unstable patients. This might be particularly relevant during aeromedical evacuation. In this study, we aimed to assess the validity of the bispectral index (BIS) during long-range patient transportation aboard fixed-wing aircraft. BIS was recorded in 30 patients, 25 under anesthesia and 5 awake, during aeromedical evacuations performed by the French Air Force...
July 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716143/the-factors-affecting-the-institutionalisation-of-two-policy-units-in-burkina-faso-s-health-system-a-case-study
#6
Andre Zida, John N Lavis, Nelson K Sewankambo, Bocar Kouyate, Kaelan Moat
BACKGROUND: This paper is one of three linked studies that attempts to understand the process of institutionalisation of policy units within Burkina Faso's health system. It examines the relationships between the existence of an institutional framework, data production capacity and other resource availability in the institutionalisation of policy units in health systems. It therefore contributes to our understanding of the dynamics linking the key drivers and indicators of institutionalisation...
July 17, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715157/use-of-the-shangring-circumcision-device-in-boys-below-18-years-old-in-kenya-results-from-a-pilot-study
#7
Quentin D Awori, Richard K Lee, Phillip S Li, Jared N Moguche, Dan Ouma, Betsy Sambai, Marc Goldstein, Mark A Barone
INTRODUCTION: Male circumcision is a proven prevention strategy against the spread of HIV. The World Health Organization's new 2016-2021 strategic framework on voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) targets 90% of males aged 10-29 years to receive circumcision by 2021 in 14 priority sub-Saharan countries while anticipating an increase in the demand for infant circumcision. It also states that the use of circumcision devices is a safe and efficient innovation to accelerate attainment of these goals...
July 12, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713504/strategic-thinking-and-its-related-factors-in-a-medical-science-university-in-iran
#8
Sedigheh Salavati, Effat Jahanbani Veshareh, Hossein Safari, Amir Veysian, Ghanbar Amirnezhad
BACKGROUND: Having strategic thinking is necessary in order to anticipate future changes and make strategic decisions. This study was carried out to assess the strategic thinking level in managers and personnel of Ahvaz Jundishapour University of Medical Science (AJUMS) - a public university in Iran. METHODS: It was a cross-sectional and analytical study and all managers (50) as well as a sample of personnel (200) from AJUMS participated in it. A researcher-made questionnaire was used in order to measure four dimensions of strategic thinking, including system thinking, futurism, conceptual thinking, and intelligent opportunism along with demographic and organizational characteristics of respondents...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713382/recent-advances-on-nutrition-in-treatment-of-acute-pancreatitis
#9
REVIEW
Li-Long Pan, Jiahong Li, Muhammad Shamoon, Madhav Bhatia, Jia Sun
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common abdominal acute inflammatory disorder and the leading cause of hospital admission for gastrointestinal disorders in many countries. Clinical manifestations of AP vary from self-limiting local inflammation to devastating systemic pathological conditions causing significant morbidity and mortality. To date, despite extensive efforts in translating promising experimental therapeutic targets in clinical trials, disease-specific effective remedy remains obscure, and supportive care has still been the primary treatment for this disease...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712116/multi-century-tree-ring-precipitation-record-reveals-increasing-frequency-of-extreme-dry-events-in-the-upper-blue-nile-river-catchment
#10
Mulugeta Mokria, Aster Gebrekirstos, Abrham Abiyu, Meine Van Noordwijk, Achim Bräuning
Climate-related environmental and humanitarian crisis are important challenges in the Great Horn of Africa (GHA). In the absence of long-term past climate records in the region, tree-rings are valuable climate proxies, reflecting past climate variations and complementing climate records prior to the instrumental era. We established annually resolved multi-century tree-ring chronology from Juniperus procera trees in northern Ethiopia; the longest series yet for the GHA. The chronology correlates significantly with wet-season (r = 0...
July 16, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704433/forecasting-distributions-of-an-aquatic-invasive-species-nitellopsis-obtusa-under-future-climate-scenarios
#11
Daniel Romero-Alvarez, Luis E Escobar, Sara Varela, Daniel J Larkin, Nicholas B D Phelps
Starry stonewort (Nitellopsis obtusa) is an alga that has emerged as an aquatic invasive species of concern in the United States. Where established, starry stonewort can interfere with recreational uses of water bodies and potentially have ecological impacts. Incipient invasion of starry stonewort in Minnesota provides an opportunity to predict future expansion in order to target early detection and strategic management. We used ecological niche models to identify suitable areas for starry stonewort in Minnesota based on global occurrence records and present-day and future climate conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688545/a-focus-on-the-state-of-the-art-of-food-waste-losses-issue-and-suggestions-for-future-researches
#12
Cinzia Muriana
Today, the role of the supply chain (SC) strategies in Food-Waste/Losses (F-W/L) generation is neglected, because F-W/L are generally considered an unavoidable consequence of accidental events. Therefore, only operating plans are today put into practice, which aim at reducing the impact of product losses along the SC. This involves that structured analyses and strategic SC approaches are not available for the prevention/minimization of F-W/L. The paper aims at changing the perspective, and promoting the hypothesis that generation of F-W/L mainly depends on the SC strategies put into practice that are usually optimized on the basis of the market demand...
July 5, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687283/advanced-and-extended-scope-practice-of-diagnostic-radiographers-in-scotland-exploring-strategic-imaging-service-imperatives
#13
I Henderson, S A Mathers, J McConnell
INTRODUCTION: The development of diagnostic imaging services manifests features specific to the Scottish environment, in particular development of the radiographic workforce through implementing skills mix and role developments to enhance outcomes for patients. A component of a College of Radiographers Industry Partnership Scheme (CoRIPS) supported study, this research investigates perspectives of strategic service managers with Health Board responsibility for service delivery. METHOD: A questionnaire survey was administered to strategic service managers across Scotland (N = 14), followed up with telephone interviews...
August 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684663/a-spatial-data-infrastructure-for-environmental-noise-data-in-europe
#14
Andrej Abramic, Alexander Kotsev, Vlado Cetl, Stylianos Kephalopoulos, Marco Paviotti
Access to high quality data is essential in order to better understand the environmental and health impact of noise in an increasingly urbanised world. This paper analyses how recent developments of spatial data infrastructures in Europe can significantly improve the utilization of data and streamline reporting on a pan-European scale. The Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE), and Environmental Noise Directive (END) described in this manuscript provide principles for data management that, once applied, would lead to a better understanding of the state of environmental noise...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684081/self-reported-adherence-to-diet-and-preferences-towards-type-of-meal-plan-in-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
V Ponzo, R Rosato, E Tarsia, I Goitre, F De Michieli, M Fadda, T Monge, A Pezzana, F Broglio, S Bo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Few studies have evaluated the attitudes of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) towards the given dietary plans. In this study, we aimed to evaluate: i) the self-reported adherence of T2DM patients to the prescribed diets; ii) the use of other types of diet schemes; iii) the patients' preferences towards the type of meal plans. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 16 multiple-choice items questionnaire was administered to 500 T2DM patients; 71.2% (356/500) of them had the perception of having received a dietary plan; only 163/356 declared to be fully adherent...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675129/strengthening-policy-research-on-infant-and-young-child-feeding-an-imperative-to-support-countries-in-scaling-up-impact-on-nutrition
#16
EDITORIAL
Purnima Menon, Anne Marie Thow
Enabling policy environments for nutrition require require evidence to support best practice and engagement with political and policy contexts, as well as leadership, resourcing, advocacy, and technical support. However, research on nutrition policy contexts is limited. The papers in this special supplement on policy contexts for infant and young child feeding (IYCF) in South Asia makes a valuable contribution to understanding the policy landscape and political dynamics in the region and the global literature...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674346/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-traumatic-cerebrovascular-injury-pitfalls-in-the-management-of-neurotrauma
#17
Hitoshi Kobata
Traumatic cerebrovascular injury (TCVI) is an uncommon clinical entity in traumatic brain injury (TBI), yet it may cause devastating brain injury with high morbidity and mortality. Early recognition and prioritized strategic treatment are of paramount importance. A total of 1966 TBI patients admitted between 1999 and 2015 in our tertiary critical care center were reviewed. Screening of TCVI was based on the Guidelines for the Management of Severe Head Injury in Japan. TCVI was confirmed in 33 (1.7%) patients; 29 blunt and 4 penetrating injuries...
June 30, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663702/a-novel-gis-based-approach-to-assess-beekeeping-suitability-of-mediterranean-lands
#18
Paolo Zoccali, Antonino Malacrinò, Orlando Campolo, Francesca Laudani, Giuseppe M Algeri, Giulia Giunti, Cinzia P Strano, Giovanni Benelli, Vincenzo Palmeri
Honeybees are critically important for the environment and to the economy. However, there are in substantial decline worldwide, leading to serious threat to the stability and yield of food crops. Beekeeping is of pivotal importance, combining the wide economical aspect of honey production and the important ecological services provided by honeybees. In this scenario, the prompt identification of beekeeping areas is strategic, since it maximised productivity and lowered the risks of colony losses. Fuzzy logic is an ideal approach for problem-solving tasks, as it is specifically designed to manage problems with a high degree of uncertainty...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663598/cost-effectiveness-strategies-in-osas-management-a-short-review
#19
D M Toraldo, D Passali, A Sanna, F De Nuccio, L Conte, M De Benedetto
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSAS) is an underdiagnosed chronic disease with a high prevalence in adults. It is becoming a significant social problem, since it is associated with a worsening in quality of life and increase in mortality. The cost-effectiveness ratio of diagnostic and therapeutic management of OSAS is a strategic issue to counteract the expected increasing demand of objective testing. OSAS patients with any clinical evidence of comorbidities must be studied using simplified and less expensive systems such as Home Sleep Testing (HST)...
June 30, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652942/time-to-cash-in-on-positive-interactions-for-coral-restoration
#20
Elizabeth C Shaver, Brian R Silliman
Coral reefs are among the most biodiverse and productive ecosystems on Earth, and provide critical ecosystem services such as protein provisioning, coastal protection, and tourism revenue. Despite these benefits, coral reefs have been declining precipitously across the globe due to human impacts and climate change. Recent efforts to combat these declines are increasingly turning to restoration to help reseed corals and speed-up recovery processes. Coastal restoration theory and practice has historically favored transplanting designs that reduce potentially harmful negative species interactions, such as competition between transplants...
2017: PeerJ
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