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Strategic management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230434/practice-education-facilitator-roles-and-their-value-to-nhs-organisations
#1
Betsy Scott, Terri Rapson, Liz Allibone, Rozi Hamilton, Constance S Mambanje, Laura Pisaneschi
The role of the practice education facilitator (PEF) was introduced to support the management of large student nurse numbers in clinical areas and to monitor and enhance the quality of placements. While much has been written about the activities and roles undertaken by PEFs, less is known about the value of this type of role to the NHS organisations that employ them. This article explores some of the views of PEFs working in a variety of trusts and organisations in London and surrounding counties. There is no consistent job definition and often insufficient support, leading to some PEFs feeling overwhelmed by the work and isolated within the role...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228972/emergency-preparedness-and-management-at-the-university-of-l-aquila-central-italy-and-the-role-of-students-associations-in-the-april-6th-2009-earthquake
#2
Michele Magni, Rita Fraboni, Fausto Marincioni
INTRODUCTION: On April 6th 2009 an earthquake of Mw=6.3 hit the historical downtown of L'Aquila and its hinterland causing more than 300 fatalities and severe damage to private and public buildings. At the time, the University of L'Aquila represented a major source of employment and income for the city. The earthquake impacted both the facilities and the administrative, financial and patrimonial activities of the university, bringing into the open the tendency - widespread in Italy - to rely on adaptive tactics rather than on strategic pre-disaster plans...
January 12, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227593/an-rf-based-wearable-sensor-system-for-indoor-tracking-to-facilitate-efficient-healthcare-management
#3
Yuzhe Ouyang, Kai Shan, Francis Minhthang Bui, Yuzhe Ouyang, Kai Shan, Francis Minhthang Bui, Yuzhe Ouyang, Kai Shan, Francis Minhthang Bui
To understand the utilization of clinical resources and improve the efficiency of healthcare, it is often necessary to accurately locate patients and doctors in a healthcare facility. However, existing tracking methods, such as GPS, Wi-Fi and RFID, have technological drawbacks or impose significant costs, thus limiting their applications in many clinical environments, especially those with indoor enclosures. This paper proposes a low-cost and flexible tracking system that is well suited for operating in an indoor environment...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225447/environmental-market-factors-associated-with-electronic-health-record-adoption-among-cancer-hospitals
#4
Will L Tarver, Nir Menachemi
BACKGROUND: Although recent literature has explored the relationship between various environmental market characteristics and the adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) among general, acute care hospitals, no such research currently exists for specialty hospitals, including those providing cancer care. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between market characteristics and the adoption of EHRs among Commission on Cancer (CoC)-accredited hospitals...
February 22, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215016/reconciling-competing-values-placed-upon-goose-populations-the-evolution-of-and-experiences-from-the-islay-sustainable-goose-management-strategy
#5
Rae McKenzie, Jessica M Shaw
The Scottish island of Islay hosts 45 000 barnacle geese Branta leucopsis (56% of the Greenland barnacle goose population, plus those passing through on migration), 5000 Greenland white-fronted geese Anser albifrons flavirostris (up to 30% of the world population) and 2500 greylag geese Anser anser, most of which feed on 9000 ha of grassland. The financial impacts of estimated agricultural damage have risen greatly over the past 20 years due to increasing goose numbers and higher farming costs. Mechanisms implemented to resolve conflict over time are reviewed for their effectiveness...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215013/crowded-skies-conflicts-between%C3%A2-expanding%C3%A2-goose-populations-and-aviation-safety
#6
David R Bradbeer, Camilla Rosenquist, Thomas Kjær Christensen, Anthony D Fox
We here review the collision risks posed by large-bodied, flocking geese to aircraft, exacerbated by recent major increases in northern hemisphere goose populations and air traffic volume. Mitigation of goose-aircraft strike risks requires knowledge of local goose movements, global goose population dynamics and ecology. Airports can minimise goose strikes by managing habitats within the airport property, applying deterrents to scare geese away and lethal control, but goose migration and movements at greater spatial scales present greater challenges...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215010/key-actions-towards-the-sustainable-management-of-european-geese
#7
David A Stroud, Jesper Madsen, Anthony D Fox
Increasing abundance of geese in North America and Europe constitutes a major conservation success, but has caused increasing conflicts with economic, health and safety interests, as well as ecosystem impacts. Potential conflict resolution through a single, 'one size fits all' policy is hindered by differences in species' ecology, behaviour, abundance and population status, and in contrasting political and socio-economic environments across the flyways. Effective goose management requires coordinated application of a suite of tools from the local level to strategic flyway management actions...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207493/treatment-of-lupus-nephritis-current-paradigms-and-emerging-strategies
#8
Maria Dall'Era
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lupus nephritis is the most common organ-threatening manifestation of lupus and continues to result in end-stage renal disease. This review describes the contemporary treatment of lupus nephritis as well as emerging therapeutic strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Lupus nephritis management consists of an initial (induction) phase and a maintenance (extended) phase in which steroids are used in combination with another immunosuppressive medication. Current treatments are incompletely effective and associated with substantial toxicity...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207470/improving-functional-and-aesthetic-outcomes-in-syndromic-patients-with-webbed-neck-deformity-utilizing-a-staged-endoscopic-assisted-approach-to-improve-the-posterior-hairline-and-decrease-scar-burden
#9
Emily Van Kouwenberg, Anmol S Chattha, Oluwaseun A Adetayo
INTRODUCTION: Webbed neck deformity (WND) can have significant functional and psychosocial impact on the developing child. Surgical correction can be challenging depending on the extent of the deformity, and patients often also have low posterior hairlines requiring simultaneous correction. Current surgical techniques include various methods of single-stage radical excision that often result in visible scar burden and residual deformity. There is currently no general consensus of which technique provides the best outcomes...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199267/organizational-and-community-factors-associated-with-magnet-status-of-u-s-hospitals
#10
Teresa Wai Chi Tai, Sherry I Bame
The Magnet Recognition Program for healthcare organizations promotes excellence in nursing services and professional practices. However, organizational and community characteristics that contribute to the adoption of Magnet status remain unexplained. Investigating organizational and community factors will help determine systematic structural and contextual dimensions of Magnet hospitals previously shown to be more cost-effective in comparison with non-Magnet hospitals. Using the baseline 2005 database of all Magnet hospitals in the United States, the authors selected a matched sample to determine key organizational and community characteristics associated with Magnet adoption while controlling for regional and local factors...
January 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198962/myocardial-revascularization-factors-intervening-in-the-reference-and-counter-reference-in-primary-health-care
#11
Kamylla Santos da Cunha, Giovana Dorneles Callegaro Higashi, Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann, Carolina Kahl, Cintia Koerich, Betina Hörner Schlindwein Meirelles
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the factors that influence the reference and counter-reference process of people indicated/submitted to Myocardial Revascularization surgery in the Primary Health Care scenario. METHOD: A qualitative research anchored in the Grounded Theory, totaling 41 participants subdivided into three groups (patients, health professionals and managers) in the Metropolitan and West Region of Santa Catarina. RESULTS: Two categories elucidate the intervening factors found, contrasting the potentialities and obstacles in (creating) the bond between people affected by cardiovascular diseases and primary health care for the reference process, highlighting weaknesses in the primary health care services provided, with failures in the counter-reference for people submitted to myocardial revascularization surgery...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198761/emotional-intelligence-of-nurse-managers-an-exploratory-study
#12
Patricia Prufeta
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study are to determine the level of emotional intelligence (EI) among nurse managers (NMs) in an academic medical center and determine the relationship of EI and demographic variables. BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence is a concept that warrants further research in nursing because there is a huge gap in knowledge about nurse leaders' EI. METHODS: Data were collected from 38 NMs recruited from a large academic medical center in the Northeast...
March 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195840/decision-support-for-the-capacity-management-of-bronchoscopy-devices-optimizing-the-cost-efficient-mix-of-reusable-and-single-use-devices-through-mathematical-modeling
#13
Günther M Edenharter, Daniel Gartner, Dominik Pförringer
BACKGROUND: Increasing costs of material resources challenge hospitals to stay profitable. Particularly in anesthesia departments and intensive care units, bronchoscopes are used for various indications. Inefficient management of single- and multiple-use systems can influence the hospitals' material costs substantially. Using mathematical modeling, we developed a strategic decision support tool to determine the optimum mix of disposable and reusable bronchoscopy devices in the setting of an intensive care unit...
February 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192520/holding-back-the-tiger-successful-control-program-protects-australia-from-aedes-albopictus-expansion
#14
Mutizwa Odwell Muzari, Gregor Devine, Joseph Davis, Bruce Crunkhorn, Andrew van den Hurk, Peter Whelan, Richard Russell, James Walker, Peter Horne, Gerhard Ehlers, Scott Ritchie
BACKGROUND: The Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus, is an important vector of dengue, chikungunya and Zika viruses and is a highly invasive and aggressive biter. Established populations of this species were first recognised in Australia in 2005 when they were discovered on islands in the Torres Strait, between mainland Australia and Papua New Guinea. A control program was implemented with the original goal of eliminating Ae. albopictus from the Torres Strait. We describe the evolution of management strategies that provide a template for Ae...
February 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191991/hot-shots-and-cool-reception-an-expanded-view-of-social-consequences-for-high-performers
#15
Elizabeth M Campbell, Hui Liao, Aichia Chuang, Jing Zhou, Yuntao Dong
While high performers contribute substantially to their workgroups and organizations, research has indicated that they incur social costs from peers. Drawing from theories of social comparison and conservation of resources, we advance a rational perspective to explain why high performers draw both intentional positive and negative reactions from peers and consider how cooperative work contexts moderate these effects. A multisource field study of 936 relationships among 350 stylists within 105 salons offered support for our model and an experiment with 204 management students constructively replicated our findings and ruled out alternative explanations...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191305/the-relationship-between-chiropractor-required-and-current-level-of-business-knowledge
#16
Michael Anthony Ciolfi, Patsy Anne Kasen
BACKGROUND: Chiropractors frequently practice within health care systems requiring the business acumen of an entrepreneur. However, some chiropractors do not know the relationship between the level of business knowledge required for practice success and their current level of business knowledge. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the relationship between chiropractors' perceived level of business knowledge required and their perceived level of current business knowledge...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183343/spectrum-malaria-a-user-friendly-projection-tool-for-health-impact-assessment-and-strategic-planning-by-malaria-control-programmes-in-sub-saharan-africa
#17
Matthew Hamilton, Guy Mahiane, Elric Werst, Rachel Sanders, Olivier Briët, Thomas Smith, Richard Cibulskis, Ewan Cameron, Samir Bhatt, Daniel J Weiss, Peter W Gething, Carel Pretorius, Eline L Korenromp
BACKGROUND: Scale-up of malaria prevention and treatment needs to continue but national strategies and budget allocations are not always evidence-based. This article presents a new modelling tool projecting malaria infection, cases and deaths to support impact evaluation, target setting and strategic planning. METHODS: Nested in the Spectrum suite of programme planning tools, the model includes historic estimates of case incidence and deaths in groups aged up to 4, 5-14, and 15+ years, and prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum infection (PfPR) among children 2-9 years, for 43 sub-Saharan African countries and their 602 provinces, from the WHO and malaria atlas project...
February 10, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181970/development-of-a-national-public-health-accreditation-program-a-case-study-in-strategic-change-management-and-sustainability
#18
Kaye Bender, Leslie Beitsch, Jessica Kronstadt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179575/key-lessons-learned-from-moffitt-s-molecular-tumor-board-the-clinical-genomics-action-committee-experience
#19
Todd C Knepper, Gillian C Bell, J Kevin Hicks, Eric Padron, Jamie K Teer, Teresa T Vo, Nancy K Gillis, Neil T Mason, Howard L McLeod, Christine M Walko
BACKGROUND: The increasing practicality of genomic sequencing technology has led to its incorporation into routine clinical practice. Successful identification and targeting of driver genomic alterations that provide proliferative and survival advantages to tumor cells have led to approval and ongoing development of several targeted cancer therapies. Within many major cancer centers, molecular tumor boards are constituted to shepherd precision medicine into clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In July 2014, the Clinical Genomics Action Committee (CGAC) was established as the molecular tumor board companion to the Personalized Medicine Clinical Service (PMCS) at Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, Florida...
February 8, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158259/predicting-the-current-potential-and-future-world-wide-distribution-of-the-onion-maggot-delia-antiqua-using-maximum-entropy-ecological-niche-modeling
#20
Shuoying Ning, Jiufeng Wei, Jinian Feng
Climate change will markedly impact biology, population ecology, and spatial distribution patterns of insect pests because of the influence of future greenhouse effects on insect development and population dynamics. Onion maggot, Delia antiqua, larvae are subterranean pests with limited mobility, that directly feed on bulbs of Allium sp. and render them completely unmarketable. Modeling the spatial distribution of such a widespread and damaging pest is crucial not only to identify current potentially suitable climactic areas but also to predict where the pest is likely to spread in the future so that appropriate monitoring and management programs can be developed...
2017: PloS One
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