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Strategic management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329288/soil-transmitted-helminth-infection-loss-of-education-and-cognitive-impairment-in-school-aged-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Noel Pabalan, Eloisa Singian, Lani Tabangay, Hamdi Jarjanazi, Michael J Boivin, Amara E Ezeamama
BACKGROUND: Evidence of an adverse influence of soil transmitted helminth (STH) infections on cognitive function and educational loss is equivocal. Prior meta-analyses have focused on randomized controlled trials only and have not sufficiently explored the potential for disparate influence of STH infection by cognitive domain. We re-examine the hypothesis that STH infection is associated with cognitive deficit and educational loss using data from all primary epidemiologic studies published between 1992 and 2016...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324044/the-management-of-insect-pests-in-australian-cotton-an-evolving-story
#2
Lewis J Wilson, Mary E A Whitehouse, Grant A Herron
The Australian cotton industry progressively embraced integrated pest management (IPM) to alleviate escalating insecticide resistance issues. A systems IPM approach was used with core principles that were built around pest ecology/biology and insecticide resistance management; together, these were integrated into a flexible, year-round approach that facilitated easy incorporation of new science, strategies, and pests. The approach emphasized both strategic and tactical elements to reduce pest abundance and rationalize decisions about pest control, with insecticides as a last resort...
January 7, 2018: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321074/patient-and-case-characteristics-associated-with-no-paramedic-treatment-for-low-acuity-cases-referred-for-emergency-ambulance-dispatch-following-a-secondary-telephone-triage-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Kathryn Eastwood, Amee Morgans, Johannes Stoelwinder, Karen Smith
BACKGROUND: Predicting case types that are unlikely to be treated by paramedics can aid in managing demand for emergency ambulances by identifying cases suitable for alternative management pathways. The aim of this study was to identify the patient characteristics and triage outcomes associated with 'no paramedic treatment' for cases referred for emergency ambulance dispatch following secondary telephone triage. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted of cases referred for emergency ambulance dispatch following secondary telephone triage between September 2009 and June 2012...
January 10, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317849/is-medical-treatment-of-alcohol-withdrawal-syndrome-a-stag-hunt-challenges-and-opportunities-in-managing-risk-and-uncertainty-in-addiction-cessation
#4
Roger Lee Mendoza
Purpose: While the individual and social costs of alcoholism or alcohol use disorder are well established, few are aware that medical problems can arise during detoxification, some of which can be life-threatening. This study determines if sustained treatment for Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome (AWS) might be based on the strategic choices and expectations of patients and health care providers alike, as well as the risk mitigation options available to them. Design/approach: AWS was modeled as a Stag Hunt to explain both risk and decision-making in medical treatments for detoxification, since it can deduce a set of equilibrium strategies available to both patient and provider...
2018: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311533/a-modern-history-of-imperial-medicine-surrounding-hansen-s-disease-strategies-to-manage-public-opinion-in-modern-japanese-media
#5
Gijae Seo
The purpose of this study is to understand the reality of imperial medicine by exploring the strategic attitude of the Japanese authority targeting the public who were not patients of Hansen's disease. For this purpose, this study examines the mass media data related to Hansen's disease published in Korea and Japan during the Japanese colonial rule. Research on Hansen's disease can be divided into medical, sociohistorical, social welfare, and human rights approach. There are medical studies and statistics on the dissemination of medical information about Hansen's disease and management measures, the history of the management of the disease, guarantee of the rights of the patients and the welfare environment, and studies on the autobiographical, literary writings and oral statements on the life and psychological conflicts of the patients...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310704/mapping-insecticide-resistance-in-anopheles-gambiae-s-l-from-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#6
Soromane Camara, Alphonsine A Koffi, Ludovic P Ahoua Alou, Kouakou Koffi, Jean-Paul K Kabran, Aboubacar Koné, Mathieu F Koffi, Raphaël N'Guessan, Cédric Pennetier
BACKGROUND: Insecticide resistance in malaria vectors is an increasing threat to vector control tools currently deployed in endemic countries. Resistance management must be an integral part of National Malaria Control Programmes' (NMCPs) next strategic plans to alleviate the risk of control failure. This obviously will require a clear database on insecticide resistance to support the development of such a plan. The present work gathers original data on insecticide resistance between 2009 and 2015 across Côte d'Ivoire in West Africa...
January 8, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303913/factors-influencing-laboratory-information-system-effectiveness-through-strategic-planning-in-shiraz-teaching-hospitals
#7
Fateme Bahador, Roxana Sharifian, Payam Farhadi, Abdosaleh Jafari, Mohtram Nematolahi, Nasrin Shokrpour
This study aimed to develop and test a research model that examined 7effective factors on the effectiveness of laboratory information system (LIS) through strategic planning. This research was carried out on total laboratory staff, information technology staff, and laboratory managers in Shiraz (a city in the south of Iran) teaching hospitals by structural equation modeling approach in 2015. The results revealed that there was no significant positive relationship between decisions based on cost-benefit analysis and LIS functionality with LIS effectiveness, but there was a significant positive relationship between other factors and LIS effectiveness...
January 5, 2018: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300106/advances-with-platelet-rich-plasma-therapies-for-tendon-regeneration
#8
Isabel Andia, Jose Ignacio Martin, Nicola Maffulli
PRPs can be used in the management of tendinopathy if we improve our understanding of pathophysiology and achieve to integrate molecular knowledge about PRP participation in healing mechanisms. Areas covered: We provide new insights into the pathophysiology of tendinopathy, PRP therapies, and the potential links between both. We discuss the place of PRP in promoting tendon repair within what is currently understood of the role of PRP molecules in promoting tendon regeneration. We also highlight the many opportunities for further exploration and identification of strategically designed treatments providing meaningful clinical benefit...
January 4, 2018: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298450/a-statewide-medication-management-system-health-information-exchange-to-support-drug-therapy-optimization-by-pharmacists-across-the-continuum-of-care
#9
Karen Pellegrin, Francis Chan, Natalie Pagoria, Sheena Jolson-Oakes, Reece Uyeno, Andrew Levin
BACKGROUND:  While evidence generally supports the use of medication management technology, systems are typically implemented and evaluated piecemeal rather than as part of a comprehensive model for medication management. Systems to support drug therapy optimization, increasingly a key role of pharmacists in our healthcare system, have not yet been reported. OBJECTIVE:  Our objective is to describe the design, implementation, and use of health information technology to support the hospital and community pharmacists' management of medications for high-risk patients statewide in the "Pharm2Pharm" model of care...
January 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298140/improving-marine-ecosystem-models-with-biochemical-tracers
#10
Heidi R Pethybridge, C Anela Choy, Jeffrey J Polovina, Elizabeth A Fulton
Empirical data on food web dynamics and predator-prey interactions underpin ecosystem models, which are increasingly used to support strategic management of marine resources. These data have traditionally derived from stomach content analysis, but new and complementary forms of ecological data are increasingly available from biochemical tracer techniques. Extensive opportunities exist to improve the empirical robustness of ecosystem models through the incorporation of biochemical tracer data and derived indices, an area that is rapidly expanding because of advances in analytical developments and sophisticated statistical techniques...
January 3, 2018: Annual Review of Marine Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298119/secondary-patents-in-the-pharmaceutical-industry-missing-the-wood-for-the-trees
#11
Saritha Kiran, Mohan Kulkarni
Introduction The critics of the Innovator pharmaceutical industry allege that secondary patents are trivial modifications over the primary patent, which extend its term and delay the entry of the generics in the market place. The protagonists regard secondary patents a result of continuous research and development (R&D), which help them introduce and protect new, differentiated products. Areas covered The areas covered are Product life cycle management (PLCM), Drug approval process, Orange book (OB) listed patents, US patent data...
January 3, 2018: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297687/anthocyanin-management-in-fruits-by-fertilization
#12
Mareike Jezek, Christian Zörb, Nikolaus Merkt, Christoph-Martin Geilfus
Anthocyanins are water-soluble vacuolar plant pigments that are mainly synthesized in epidermal layers and the flesh of fruits such as apples, cherries, grapes, and other berries. Because of their attractive red to purple coloration and their health-promoting potential, anthocyanins are significant determinants for the quality and market value of fruits and fruit-derived products. In crops, anthocyanin accumulation in leaves can be caused by nutrient deficiency which is usually ascribed to insufficient nitrogen or phosphorous fertilization...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288656/functional-bowel-disorders-a-roadmap-to-guide-the-next-generation-of-research
#13
Lin Chang, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Gianrico Farrugia, Frank A Hamilton, Gary M Mawe, Pankaj J Pasricha, John W Wiley
In June 2016, the National Institutes of Health hosted a workshop on functional bowel disorders (FBDs), particularly irritable bowel syndrome, with the objective of elucidating gaps in current knowledge and recommending strategies to address these gaps. The workshop aimed to provide a roadmap to help strategically guide research efforts during the next decade. Attendees were a diverse group of internationally recognized leaders in basic and clinical FBD research. This document summarizes the results of their deliberations, including the following general conclusions and recommendations...
December 27, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282080/safety-analysis-over-time-seven-major-changes-to-adverse-event-investigation
#14
Charles Vincent, Jane Carthey, Carl Macrae, Rene Amalberti
BACKGROUND: Every safety-critical industry devotes considerable time and resource to investigating and analysing accidents, incidents and near misses. The systematic analysis of incidents has greatly expanded our understanding of both the causes and prevention of harm. These methods have been widely employed in healthcare over the last 20 years but are now subject to critique and reassessment. In this paper, we reconsider the purpose and value of incident analysis and methods appropriate to the healthcare of today...
December 28, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280422/health-care-coalitions-as-response-organizations-houston-after-hurricane-harvey
#15
Lori Upton, Thomas D Kirsch, Melissa Harvey, Dan Hanfling
Health care coalitions play an increasingly important role in both preparedness for, response to, and recovery from large scale disaster events occurring across the United States. The actions taken by the South East Texas Regional Advisory Council (SETRAC) in response to the landfall of Hurricane Harvey, and the consequential flooding that ensued, serve as an excellent example of how health care coalitions are increasingly needed to play a unifying role in response. This paper highlights a number of the strategic planning, operational planning and response, information sharing, and resource coordination and management activities that were undertaken for the response to Hurricane Harvey...
December 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276308/impacts-of-salvage-logging-on-biodiversity-a-meta-analysis
#16
Simon Thorn, Claus Bässler, Roland Brandl, Philip J Burton, Rebecca Cahall, John L Campbell, Jorge Castro, Chang-Yong Choi, Tyler Cobb, Daniel C Donato, Ewa Durska, Joseph B Fontaine, Sylvie Gauthier, Christian Hebert, Torsten Hothorn, Richard L Hutto, Eun-Jae Lee, Alexandro B Leverkus, David B Lindenmayer, Martin K Obrist, Josep Rost, Sebastian Seibold, Rupert Seidl, Dominik Thom, Kaysandra Waldron, Beat Wermelinger, Maria-Barbara Winter, Michal Zmihorski, Jörg Müller
Logging to "salvage" economic returns from forests affected by natural disturbances has become increasingly prevalent globally. Despite potential negative effects on biodiversity, salvage logging is often conducted, even in areas otherwise excluded from logging and reserved for nature conservation, inter alia because strategic priorities for post-disturbance management are widely lacking.A review of the existing literature revealed that most studies investigating the effects of salvage logging on biodiversity have been conducted less than 5 years following natural disturbances, and focused on non-saproxylic organisms...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275092/antitumor-benefits-of-antiviral-immunity-an-underappreciated-aspect-of-oncolytic-virotherapies
#17
REVIEW
Shashi Gujar, Jonathan G Pol, Youra Kim, Patrick W Lee, Guido Kroemer
Oncolytic viruses (OVs) represent a new class of cancer immunotherapeutics. Administration of OVs to cancer-bearing hosts induces two distinct immunities: antiviral and antitumor. While antitumor immunity is beneficial, antiviral immune responses are often considered detrimental for the efficacy of OV-based therapy. The existing dogma postulates that anti-OV immune responses restrict viral replication and spread, and thus reduce direct OV-mediated killing of cancer cells. Accordingly, a myriad of therapeutic strategies aimed at mitigating anti-OV immune responses is presently being tested...
December 20, 2017: Trends in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273472/the-2017-acr-workforce-survey-management-trends-and-strategic-needs
#18
Jay A Harolds, Edward I Bluth
The 2017 ACR Workforce Survey included questions for group leaders about management trends and areas in which they need more help from the ACR. Respondents identified point of care ultrasound as the area in which they need the most help. Most respondents gave positive or neutral answers regarding their role in the management of radiology allied health professionals and radiology information technology, and most believed their role and influence in decision making in the organization were not decreasing.
December 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259152/neural-computations-underpinning-the-strategic-management-of-influence-in-advice-giving
#19
Uri Hertz, Stefano Palminteri, Silvia Brunetti, Cecilie Olesen, Chris D Frith, Bahador Bahrami
Research on social influence has focused mainly on the target of influence (e.g., consumer and voter); thus, the cognitive and neurobiological underpinnings of the source of the influence (e.g., politicians and salesmen) remain unknown. Here, in a three-sided advice-giving game, two advisers competed to influence a client by modulating their own confidence in their advice about which lottery the client should choose. We report that advisers' strategy depends on their level of influence on the client and their merit relative to one another...
December 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246882/viral-hepatitis-strategic-information-to-achieve-elimination-by-2030-key-elements-for-hiv-program-managers
#20
Yvan Hutin, Daniel Low-Beer, Isabel Bergeri, Sarah Hess, Jesus Maria Garcia-Calleja, Chika Hayashi, Antons Mozalevskis, Annemarie Rinder Stengaard, Keith Sabin, Hande Harmanci, Marc Bulterys
Evidence documenting the global burden of disease from viral hepatitis was essential for the World Health Assembly to endorse the first Global Health Sector Strategy (GHSS) on viral hepatitis in May 2016. The GHSS on viral hepatitis proposes to eliminate viral hepatitis as a public health threat by 2030. The GHSS on viral hepatitis is in line with targets for HIV infection and tuberculosis as part of the Sustainable Development Goals. As coordination between hepatitis and HIV programs aims to optimize the use of resources, guidance is also needed to align the strategic information components of the 2 programs...
December 15, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
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