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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167059/treatment-outcome-of-tuberculosis-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-patients-in-eastern-ethiopia-a-retrospective-study
#1
MULTICENTER STUDY
Fitsum Weldegebreal, Habtamu Mitiku, Zelalem Teklemariam
Introduction: Tuberculosis is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among people living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome worldwide. Although Human Immunodeficiency Virus related tuberculosis is both treatable and preventable, incidence rates continue to climb in developing countries where both infections are endemic. The aim of this study was to assess the treatment outcome of tuberculosis among Human Immunodeficiency Virus positive patients attending in three hospitals of Eastern Ethiopia...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201654/increasing-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-uptake-in-an-hiv-program-in-rural-papua-new-guinea
#2
A Carmone, C A Rodriguez, T D Frank, M Kiromat, P W Bongi, R G Kuno, T Palou, M F Franke
Setting: Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death among people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) in Papua New Guinea. Despite a policy for isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) among PLHIV, implementation has been slow. Objective: We prospectively evaluated a standardized guided screening process, including TB diagnostic support, to increase IPT initiation in adult PLHIV on antiretro-viral treatment. Design: The guided process included a paper-based IPT screening tool that prompted review of patient history and TB symptoms and sputum analysis by smear microscopy and Xpert® MTB/RIF...
September 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27080118/effective-pain-management-as-part-of-palliative-care-for-persons-living-with-hiv-aids-in-a-developing-country-a-qualitative-study
#3
Tshepiso Daisy Mojapelo, Kim Usher, Jane Mills
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to explore and understand nurses' experiences of managing pain for persons living with human immune virus/ acquired immune deficiency syndrome receiving palliative care at home in Botswana. BACKGROUND: Community palliative and hospice care in Africa and Botswana were developed for persons with end-stage acquired immune deficiency syndrome and other terminal illnesses being cared for at home. As antiretro viral therapies extend the lives of persons living with human immune virus/acquired immune deficiency syndromes, there is an increase in the chronic conditions associated with human immune virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25720243/-neurocognitive-impairments-of-hiv-infected-individuals-preliminary-results-of-a-national-prevalence-study-in-hungary
#4
Botond Lakatos, Zsuzsa Szabó, Barbara Bozzai, Dénes Bánhegyi, Gábor Gazdag
UNLABELLED: BACKGROUND and PURPOSE: The outcome of HIV infection has dramatically improved due to the widespread use of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). Opportunistic infections faded and internal and hemato-oncological diseases along with neurological conditions came to the forth. Present study is to evaluate neurocognitive performance of the Hungarian HIV infected individuals, at first in this setting. PATIENTS and METHODS: We performed this cross-sectional pilot study within the frames of a national, single-center; prospective study on group of HIV infected patients, analyzing medical data and neurocognitive performance...
November 30, 2014: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24097602/tuberculosis-and-other-clinical-presentation-of-hiv-aids-in-patients-with-or-without-undergoing-antiretroviral-therapy-in-kathmandu
#5
G P Dhungana, P Ghimire, S Sharma, B P Rijal
Objectives: To screen tuberculosis (TB) and examine the clinical presentation of AIDS in HIV sero-positive persons. Methods: A Cross-sectional study was designed. One hundred HIV infected persons were randomly selected from different parts of the country visiting Tribhuvan University, Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu and different HIV/AIDS care centres. After taking informed consent, questionnaires were filled and three sputum specimens from each person were collected to investigate tuberculosis by Ziehl-Neelsen staining and culture...
2007: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22438641/isolation-identification-and-carriage-of-candidal-species-in-phlas-and-their-correlation-with-immunological-status-in-cases-with-and-without-haart
#6
Lalith Prakash Chandra Kantheti, Bvr Reddy, Shamala Ravikumar, Ch Anuradha, P Chandrasekhar, M Raja Rajeswari
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To know the prevalence of Candidal colonization, and to isolate and know the Candidal species prevalent in the oral cavity from the oral rinse samples collected from the individuals attending to the Voluntary Counseling and Confidential Testing Center (VCCTC) and the antiretro-viral therapy (ART) Center at Government General Hospital, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, South India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 50 HIV negative asymptomatic individuals (Group I); 50 HIV positive individuals (people living with HIV AIDS [PLWHA's]), who are naïve to antiretro-viral therapy (direct walk-in clients of VCCTC) (Group II); and 50 HIV positive individuals with CD4+ count less than 250 and who are started on highly active anti retroviral therapy (HAART) (Group III)...
January 2012: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21504374/good-performance-of-an-immunoassay-based-method-for-nevirapine-measurements-in-human-breast-milk
#7
Kirsten Salado-Rasmussen, Zahra Persson Theilgaard, Mercy Chiduo, Court Pedersen, Jan Gerstoft, Terese Lea Katzenstein
BACKGROUND: Understanding the distribution of antiretro-virals in breastfeeding HIV-positive mothers is essential, both for prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission and for research on the development of drug resistance. The ARK nevirapine (NVP)-test is an immunoassay method for nevirapine measurements, developed and validated for plasma use. In this study, the ARK NVP-test was evaluated for measurement of nevirapine concentrations in breast milk. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is the method currently used to determine nevirapine in breast milk...
July 2011: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18603981/tuberculosis-and-other-clinical-presentation-of-hiv-aids-in-patients-with-or-without-undergoing-antiretroviral-therapy-in-kathmandu
#8
G P Dhungana, P Ghimire, S Sharma, B P Rijal
OBJECTIVES: To screen tuberculosis (TB) and examine the clinical presentation of AIDS in HIV sero-positive persons. METHODS: A Cross-sectional study was designed. One hundred HIV infected persons were randomly selected from different parts of the country visiting Tribhuvan University, Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu and different HIV/AIDS care centres. After taking informed consent, questionnaires were filled and three sputum specimens from each person were collected to investigate tuberculosis by Ziehl-Neelsen staining and culture...
January 2007: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18160001/hiv-in-the-workplace-in-botswana-incidence-prevalence-and-disease-severity
#9
Elisabeth D Riviello, Timothy R Sterling, Bryan Shepherd, Tsetsele Fantan, Joseph Makhema
Few detailed epidemiologic data exist regarding the impact of HIV infection on the workplace in the developing world. In addition, most HIV surveys examine only prevalence, without data on incidence or disease severity. In June 2003, we conducted a voluntary anonymous HIV serosurvey among employees of the Debswana Mining Company, the largest nongovernmental employer in Botswana. Among the 3558 participants, annual HIV incidence was estimated to be 3.4%, and HIV prevalence was 23.8%. HIV-infected participants had a median CD4(+) lymphocyte count of 427 cells/mm(3) (interquartile range 269-642), with 13...
December 2007: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12534660/depression-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids-attending-primary-care-and-outpatient-clinics
#10
Angela Komiti, Fiona Judd, Paul Grech, Anne Mijch, Jennifer Hoy, Ben Williams, Alan Street, John H Lloyd
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to gain an estimate of the rate of depressive disorder in patients with HIV/AIDS attending general practice and to investigate factors associated with depression. A further objective was to determine the ability of non-mental health medical practitioners to detect depressive symptoms in their patients with HIV/AIDS. METHODS Participants comprised 322 persons living with HIV/AIDS ( (PLWHA); 13 females, 309 males; mean age 41.4, SD = 8.9) who were recruited from four general practice clinics specializing in HIV medicine and from an infectious diseases clinic...
February 2003: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10843271/quality-enhancement-research-initiative-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome-framework-and-plan-hiv-queri-executive-committee
#11
REVIEW
S A Bozzette, B Phillips, S Asch, A L Gifford, L Lenert, T Menke, E Ortiz, D Owens, L Deyton
The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) sees approximately equal to 17,000 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients each year, which makes it the largest provider of HIV care in the United States. HIV causes chronic progressive disease that leads to early death. Newer combination antiretro viral treatments are effective but expensive and difficult to use. The HIV Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (HIV-QUERI) uses the QUERI process to identify high-risk and high-volume populations (step 1), which includes those already under VHA care for HIV, those who do not know of their infection, and those at risk for HIV...
June 2000: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2839837/therapeutic-agents-with-dramatic-antiretroviral-activity-and-little-toxicity-at-effective-doses-aromatic-polycyclic-diones-hypericin-and-pseudohypericin
#12
D Meruelo, G Lavie, D Lavie
Two aromatic polycyclic diones hypericin and pseudohypericin have potent antiretroviral activity; these substances occur in plants of the Hypericum family. Both compounds are highly effective in preventing viral-induced manifestations that follow infections with a variety of retroviruses in vivo and in vitro. Pseudohypericin and hypericin probably interfere with viral infection and/or spread by direct inactivation of the virus or by preventing virus shedding, budding, or assembly at the cell membrane. These compounds have no apparent activity against the transcription, translation, or transport of viral proteins to the cell membrane and also no direct effect on the polymerase...
July 1988: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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