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Sang-Min Lee, Jae Hyuk Lee, Kyuseok Kim, You Hwan Jo, Jungyoup Lee, Joonghee Kim, Ji Eun Hwang, Young Sang Ko, Chulmin Ha, Sujin Jang, Hyunmi Park
OBJECTIVE: Red cell distribution width (RDW) is associated with mortality in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). However, little is known about the effect of changes in RDW during treatment on mortality. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the association between RDW changes and mortality in hospitalized patients with CAP. METHODS: Retrospective analyses were performed using medical records of patients hospitalized for CAP from April 2008 to February 2014...
September 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
E Mazzotta, C Guglielmini, G Menciotti, B Contiero, M BaronToaldo, M Berlanda, H Poser
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a quantitative measurement of anisocytosis. RDW has prognostic value in humans with different cardiovascular and systemic disorders, but few studies have investigated this biomarker in dogs. OBJECTIVES: To compare the RDW in dogs with precapillary and postcapillary pulmonary hypertension (PH) and a control population of dogs and to correlate RDW with demographic, echocardiographic, and laboratory variables. ANIMALS: One hundred and twenty-seven client-owned dogs including 19 healthy dogs, 82 dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease (50 dogs without PH and 32 dogs with postcapillary PH), and 26 dogs with precapillary PH...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Yu-Liang Zhan, Bin Zou, Ting Kang, Ling-Bing Xiong, Jin Zou, Yun-Feng Wei
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that increased red cell distribution width (RDW) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) were both poor prognostic factors for patients with cardiovascular diseases. Recently, the multiplicative interaction between RDW and MCV has been observed for predicting mortality in elderly patients without anemia; however, the relationship between the product of RDW-MCV and hypertension-induced target organ damage (TOD) has not been evaluated. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study in 1115 hypertensive patients...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
T Vuk, J Bingulac-Popović, T Očić, L J Mayer, M Milošević, I Jukić
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the appropriateness of using combined cell index (CCI) in the assessment of iron stores in blood donors. This index is calculated by the formula: red blood cell distribution width (RDW) × 10(4) × mean corpuscular volume (MCV)(-1) × mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH)(-1) . BACKGROUND: Ferritin measurement is a reliable method for estimating iron stores in blood donors. The sensitivity of red blood cell (RBC) parameters of complete blood count in detecting non-anaemic iron deficiency is significantly lower...
October 11, 2016: Transfusion Medicine
Luis Sargento
BACKGROUND: RDW is an automatic value obtained with the blood count, and represents the erythrocytes dimension variation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in optimally medicated outpatients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) the RDW prognostic value regarding survival in a multivariable model including anemia and Nt-ProBNP. METHODS: 233 consecutive outpatients, LVEF <40%, clinically stable were followed-up for 3-years in an HF Unit...
October 3, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Anna Cichocka-Radwan, Małgorzata Lelonek
BACKGROUND: In the elderly the most common cause of hospitalization and the leading cause of death is heart failure. AIM: The purpose was to determine prognostic factors in chronic heart failure (CHF) in octogenarians and nonagenarians. METHODS: The analysis included 197 consecutive patients older than 80 years old (mean age 83.63+3.01 years; 46.19% of men) hospitalized in 2010-2013 in the Department of Cardiology due to CHF. Sixty two parameters were investigated such as: age, gender, NYHA functional class, body mass index, blood pressure, other comorbidities, the parameters of the 12-lead resting ECG and the echocardiography, the results of basic laboratory tests and selected biomarkers, including N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high-sensitive troponin T (hs-TnT), high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)...
October 7, 2016: Kardiologia Polska
Xiaohong Chen, Bo Shen, Jianzhou Zou, Zhonghua Liu, Wenlv Lv, Xuesen Cao, Jiawei Yu, Yuxin Nie, Jiarui Xu, Li Wang, Xiaoqiang Ding
AIMS: To examine the association between red blood cell distribution width (RDW) and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: Three hundred fifty six patients on HD for >3 months were enrolled and followed for 2 years. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the median RDW value. Patient survival and risk factors for mortality were investigated. RESULTS: The 2-year survival rate was significantly lower in the high-RDW group (>14...
October 6, 2016: Blood Purification
Mehmet Asoglu, Mehmet Aslan, Okan Imre, Yuksel Kivrak, Oznur Akil, Emin Savik, Hasan Buyukaslan, Ulker Fedai, Abdurrahman Altındag
BACKGROUND: As the relationship between psychological stress and platelet activation has been widely studied in recent years, activated platelets lead to certain biochemical changes, which occur in the brain in patients with mental disorders. However, data relating to the mean platelet volume (MPV) in patients with panic disorder (PD) are both limited and controversial. Herein, we aimed to evaluate, for the first time, the red cell distribution width (RDW) levels combined with MPV levels in patients with PD...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Hui-Bing Zhang, Juan Chen, Qiao-Fen Lan, Xiong-Jian Ma, Shi-Yan Zhang
The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of red blood cell distribution width (RDW), platelet distribution width (PDW), the neutrophil-lymphocyte count ratio (NLCR), procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) for the prediction of sepsis. A total of 120 consecutive patients who underwent blood culture testing were included. The PCT and CRP levels, and RDW, PDW and NLCR percentages were determined and compared between patients with positive blood cultures and those without. The PCT, CRP, RDW, PDW and NLCR values were significantly higher in patients with positive blood culture compared with those without...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Nilufer Akgun, Muberra Namlı Kalem, Ebru Yuce, Ziya Kalem, Hatice Aktas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the possible correlation of hemogram parameters including NLR and PLR with birth weight and gestational week. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study has been conducted with 783 patients. The maternal age, parity, gestational age, type of delivery, values of CBC variables, and the weight of newborn were recorded. We analyzed the statistical differences between the NLR, PLR, HGB, PDW, RDW, MPV, platelet, neutrophil, lymphocyte, and WBC in terms of the birth weight...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Aysun Erdem, Ufuk Sadik Ceylan, Aycan Esen, Ertugrul Zencirci, Birol Topcu, Kivilcim Ozden, Selcuk Yazici, Sait Terzi, Ayse Emre, Kemal Yesilcimen
BACKGROUND: Red cell distribution width (RDW) is a quantitative measurement and shows heterogeneity of red blood cell size in peripheral blood. RDW has recently been associated with cardiovascular events and cardiovascular diseases, and it is a novel predictor of mortality. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical usefulness of measuring RDW in patients with coronary stent thrombosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 3,925 consecutive patients who presented with acute coronary syndrome and who underwent coronary angiography at the Siyami Ersek Hospital between May 2011 and December 2013...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
Guler Ozgul, Ekrem Cengiz Seyhan, Mehmet Akif Özgül, Mehmet Zeki Günlüoğlu
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is accepted as a powerful predictor of outcomes in patients with CVD. AIMS: To study RDW in patients with COPD, and to compare the value of this measurement with clinical, echocardiographic, nutritional and laboratory status. Secondly, we aimed to determine the effect of smoking on RDW values in healthy subjects. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-five patients with stable COPD and 210 healthy controls were enrolled in the study...
September 23, 2016: Archivos de Bronconeumología
Min-Hua Cui, Dan Cui, Lei Gao, Ai-Jie Wang, Hao-Yi Cheng
A major challenge of employing bioelectrochemical system (BES) for reductively degrading recalcitrant contaminants in industrial wastewater is lacking sufficient electron donors. In this work, domestic wastewater (DW) was demonstrated to efficiently drive BES for implementing the decolorization of azo dye, acid orange 7 (AO7). Side benefit was the simultaneous treatment of DW. Decolorization efficiency in BES fed with DW (RDW) was found to be comparable with that either fed with glucose (RGlu) or acetate (RAc)...
November 15, 2016: Water Research
Ozay Demiray, Erdem Cevik, Ferhat Cuce
BACKGROUND: Complete blood count (CBC) parameters may associated with multiple diseases. Urinary stone disease is common public problem. Predictive value of CBC parameters may be associated with urinary stone disease. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the association between complete blood count (CBC) parameters and urinary stone disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective observational study of 3,099 patients who were admitted to the urology outpatient clinic or diagnosed with urinary stone disease in the emergency services department...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Oleg Gorelik, Shimon Izhakian, Dana Barchel, Dorit Almoznino-Sarafian, Irma Tzur, Muhareb Swarka, Ilia Beberashvili, Leonid Feldman, Natan Cohen, Miriam Shteinshnaider
PURPOSE: We investigated outcomes of patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) according to the changes in red cell distribution width (RDW). METHODS: For 980 adults, clinical characteristics, outcomes during hospitalization for CAP (transfer to the intensive care unit, treatment with mechanical ventilation, prolonged hospital stay, and death), and all-cause mortality following discharge were compared: according to RDW changes versus stable RDW during hospitalization, and according to normal (≤14...
September 20, 2016: Lung
Selçuk Yazıcı, Tuncay Kırış, Ufuk S Ceylan, Şükrü Akyüz, Ahmet O Uzun, Recep Hacı, Sait Terzi, Abdullah Doğan, Ayşe Emre, Kemal Yeşilçimen
BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponins and red cell distribution width (RDW) are associated with increased mortality in acute pulmonary embolism (PE). In this study, we aimed to investigate the accuracy of the combined use of troponin and RDW in predicting short-term mortality in acute PE patients. METHODS: The data of 201 patients with the diagnosis of acute PE were retrospectively analyzed. We obtained troponin-RDW scores (TR scores) using a combination of troponin and RDW values, and then evaluated this score's accuracy in predicting mortality in patients with acute PE...
September 19, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Marjolijn D Akkermans, Mirjam Vreugdenhil, Daniëlle M Hendriks, Anemone van den Berg, Joachim J Schweizer, Johannes B van Goudoever, Frank Brus
OBJECTIVES: Iron deficiency (ID) in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is either an absolute (depleted iron stores) or a functional deficiency (caused by chronic inflammation). Differentiating between these two types of ID is important because they require a different therapeutic approach. Zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP) and red blood cell distribution width (RDW) are parameters of functional ID. Studies using these parameters to differentiate are non-existent. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of and risk factors for absolute and functional ID in paediatric IBD patients while using ZPP and RDW...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Hakan Sarlak, Erol Arslan, Mustafa Cakar, Mustafa Tanriseven, Salim Ozenc, Muharrem Akhan, Fatih Bulucu
BACKGROUND: Unconjugated bilirubin (UCB) plays a protective role in coronary artery disease. Red cell distribution width (RDW), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are inflammatory biomarkers and higher levels are related to atherosclerosis and adverse cardiovascular events. AIM: We aimed to investigate the relation between UCB levels and RDW, NLR, PLR in people with Gilbert's syndrome (GS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected 2166 subjects (1082 with GS and 1084 healthy controls) from a database having 33,695 people...
2016: SpringerPlus
Yusuf Tanrıkulu, Ceren Şen Tanrıkulu, Mehmet Zafer Sabuncuoğlu, Ayetullah Temiz, Furuzan Köktürk, Boran Yalçın
BACKGROUND: Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) remains fatal in 50-70% of cases. AMI is recognized as a vascular emergency, requiring rapid and efficient clinical evaluation and treatment. In the present retrospective study, the possible utility of the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in the early diagnosis of AMI was explored. The potential use of this ratio to distinguish AMI from non-vascular bowel necrosis (NVBN) was investigated. METHODS: A total of 58 AMI, 62 NVBN, and 62 control patients were enrolled between May 1, 2010 and April 30, 2015...
July 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Özge Altintaş, Hümeyra Dürüyen, Gözde Baran, Oğuz Baran, Salim Katar, Veysel Antar, Talip Asil
AIM: Hypertension is a primary risk factor for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and is thought to be responsible for about 55% of all ICH cases. Thus, the primary goal of the study was to examine whether the status of vascular rheological factors upon admission to the hospital was associated with hypertensive ICH growth and early outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Over a 2-year period, the present study evaluated 60 ICH patients who were admitted within the first 12 hours of symptom onset...
October 22, 2015: Turkish Neurosurgery
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