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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152931/can-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-predict-outcome-after-cardiac-arrest
#1
Vito Fontana, Savino Spadaro, Paola Villois, Claudia Righy Shinotsuka, Alberto Fogagnolo, Leda Nobile, Jean-Louis Vincent, Jacques Creteur, Fabio S Taccone
BACKGROUND: In critically ill patients, high red blood cell distribution width (RDW) values have been associated with increased hospital mortality, but there are no data on the impact of RDW on outcomes of patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest (CA). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between RDW and long-term neurologic outcome in CA survivors. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of an institutional database including all unconscious adult patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) after non-traumatic CA between January 2007 and January 2015...
November 17, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147162/high-preoperative-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-nlr-and-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-rdw-as-independent-predictors-of-native-arteriovenous-fistula-failure
#2
Rashid Usman, Muhammad Jamil, Muhammad Naveed
Objective: To study the association between a high preoperative neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and red cell distribution width (RDW) with arteriovenous fistula (AVF) failure, as well as to determine the cut-off values in a South Asian population. Materials and Methods: A total of 150 consecutive patients with a failed fistula who presented in the Department of Vascular Surgery between January 2014 and January 2016. Patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria were selected as defined as Case. They were compared with 150 patients who had matured fistulae (Control)...
September 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142420/exploring-the-cytotoxic-potential-of-triterpenoids-enriched-fraction-of-bacopa-monnieri-by-implementing-in-vitro-in-vivo-and-in-silico-approaches
#3
Md Nasar Mallick, Washim Khan, Rabea Parveen, Sayeed Ahmad, Sadaf, Mohammad Zeeshan Najm, Istaq Ahmad, Syed Akhtar Husain
Background: Bacopa monnieri (BM) is a herbaceous plant traditionally used from time immemorial in Ayurvedic and folklore medicines. We hypothesized that the extract of the whole plant might contain numerous molecules with having antitumor activities that could be very effective in killing of human cancer cells. Objectives: This work investigated anticancer activity of bioactive fraction of BM. Materials and Methods: The hydroalcoholic extract of BM was fractionated with different solvent, namely, hexane, dichloromethane (DCM), acetone, methanol, and water...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141483/red-blood-cell-distribution-width-as-a-marker-of-cerebral-infarction-in-hemodialysis-patients
#4
Liyi Mo, Yuanhan Chen, Zhilian Li, Lixia Xu, Wei Dong, Li Zhang, Huaban Liang, Ruizhao Li, Yiming Tao, Wei Shi, Xinling Liang
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a cardiovascular biomarker. We evaluated the association between RDW and cerebral stroke risk in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: A cohort of 442 adult patients on hemodialysis was studied. Strokes were defined according to ICD-10 diagnosis codes. Routine complete blood counts, evaluated every 3-6 months, were used for RDW values. RESULTS: Among 442 hemodialysis patients, during the 50-month follow-up, there were 62 cases (14...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133071/red-blood-cell-distribution-width-is-associated-with-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-sepsis
#5
An-Yi Wang, Hon-Ping Ma, Wei-Fong Kao, Shin-Han Tsai, Cheng-Kuei Chang
INTRODUCTION: RDW is a prognostic biomarker and associated with mortality in cardiovascular disease, stroke and metabolic syndrome. For elderly patients, malnutrition and multiple comorbidities exist, which could affect the discrimination ability of RDW in sepsis. The main purpose of our study was to evaluate the prognostic value of RDW in sepsis among elderly patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted in emergency department intensive care units (ED-ICU) between April 2015 and November 2015...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131273/diagnostic-value-of-joint-detection-of-homocysteine-and-rdw-cv-on-acute-myocardial-infarction
#6
G-X Hu, J Zhang, Y-G Tian, Y-H Li, L Mou, L-J Qiao
The article "Diagnostic value of joint detection of homocysteine and RDW CV on acute myocardial infarction" by G.-X. Hu, J. Zhang, Y.-G. Tian, Y.-H. Li, L. Mou, L.-J. Qiao, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2016; 20 (19): 4124-4128 has been withdrawn.
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125137/red-blood-cell-distribution-width-relative-lymphocyte-count-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-predict-all-cause-mortality-in-patients-with-advanced-heart-failure
#7
Bożena Szyguła-Jurkiewicz, Łukasz Siedlecki, Łukasz Pyka, Ewa Romuk, Piotr Przybyłowski, Mariusz Gąsior
INTRODUCTION    Early identification of patients with advanced heart failure (HF) who are at a higher risk for poor outcome is an important element of patient management, both from the medical and the economic point of view. OBJECTIVES    In the present study, we sought to determine the association between hematologic parameters assessed on admission and within the 3-year mortality period in patients consecutively admitted with advanced HF.  We also investigated the association between baseline demographic and clinical data and mortality...
November 9, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109595/the-role-of-hematological-indices-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Jan Budzianowski, Konrad Pieszko, Paweł Burchardt, Janusz Rzeźniczak, Jarosław Hiczkiewicz
An increased systemic and local inflammation plays a key role in the pathophysiology of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This review will discuss the role of hematological indices: white blood cells (WBC), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), red cell distribution width (RDW), and platelet indices, that is, platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), mean platelet volume (MPV), and platelet distribution width (PDW) in the case of ACS. In recent years, a strong interest has been drawn to these indices, given that they may provide independent information on pathophysiology, risk stratification, and optimal management...
2017: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107511/red-blood-cells-distribution-width-as-a-potential-prognostic-biomarker-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-and-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension
#9
Anna Smukowska-Gorynia, Iga Tomaszewska, Katarzyna Malaczynska-Rajpold, Justyna Marcinkowska, Anna Komosa, Magdalena Janus, Anna Olasinska-Wisniewska, Sylwia Slawek, Aleksander Araszkiewicz, Stanislaw Jankiewicz, Tatiana Mularek-Kubzdela
BACKGROUND: Red blood cells distribution width (RDW) predicts survival in cardiovascular diseases. Little is known about the variability of RDW level over time among patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). To our knowledge, RDW has never been analysed as a marker of response to specific treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 77 patients for: i) RDW measured during the last hospitalisation before death or during the last follow-up (RDWlast); ii) mean RDW from all hospitalisations during the entire follow-up of the patient (RDWmean); iii) maximum RDW of all hospitalisations of each patient (RDWmax)...
August 24, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101675/red-blood-cell-distribution-width-a-potential-laboratory-parameter-for-monitoring-inflammation-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#10
Yujue He, Can Liu, Zhiyong Zeng, Weilin Ye, Jinpiao Lin, Qishui Ou
Correlation analysis of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) and C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-10 in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to investigate whether RDW can serve as a potential parameter for indicating inflammation in RA patients. A total of 670 RA patients from October 2014 to April 2016 were enrolled in our study. The white blood cell (WBC), red blood cell (RBC), platelet (PLT), hemoglobin (HGB), RDW, CRP, and ESR in peripheral blood of patients with RA were retrospectively analyzed...
November 3, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095860/red-cell-distribution-width-as-a-novel-marker-for-predicting-high-risk-from-upper-gastro-intestinal-bleeding-patients
#11
Kyeong Ryong Lee, Sang O Park, Sin Young Kim, Dae Young Hong, Jong Won Kim, Kwang Je Baek, Dong Hyuk Shin, Young Hwan Lee
BACKGROUND: In upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) patients, early risk stratification allows appropriate therapy that may be helpful for reducing morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the efficacy of red-cell distribution width (RDW) for prediction of high-risk in UGIB patients. METHODS: We conducted a clinical retrospective observational study based on data for UGIB patients from 2012 to 2013. The primary outcome was the high-risk UGIB, defined as those who required urgent intervention and/or 30-days mortality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084189/-multiorgan-malfunction-after-fontan-operation-in-adult-patients
#12
Monika Smaś-Suska, Paweł Iwaszczuk, Beata Róg, Piotr Weryński, Maria Olszowska, Piotr Podolec, Lidia Tomkiewicz-Pająk
Although 85% of patients with univentricular heart after Fontan procedure survive twenty years after operation, the procedure alone seems to be an inadequate treatment as a permanent clinical solution. Patients with a "Fontan physiology" additionally have to face a various extra-cardiac complications, including thyroid, liver and kidney dysfunction, which are not only potentially life-threatening, but also can potentiate the circulatory insufficiency. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess a multiorgan dysfunction in adult patients after Fontan operation in long term follow-up and compare to healthy controls...
October 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084071/a-study-of-red-cell-distribution-width-in-neonatal-sepsis
#13
Dalia Monir Ellahony, Muhammad S El-Mekkawy, Marwa M Farag
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate a new nontraditional value of the red cell distribution width (RDW) in predicting the clinical outcome of neonatal sepsis. METHODS: In this retrospective study, data were collected from the medical files of 500 full-term neonates with a diagnosis of early onset or late onset sepsis. Baseline RDW and other traditional biomarkers, including C-reactive protein (CRP), total leucocytic count, and platelet count were analyzed in light of the clinical data...
October 27, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078746/qtl-mapping-and-candidate-gene-analysis-of-ferrous-iron-and-zinc-toxicity-tolerance-at-seedling-stage-in-rice-by-genome-wide-association-study
#14
Jian Zhang, Kai Chen, Yunlong Pang, Shahzad Amir Naveed, Xiuqin Zhao, Xiaoqian Wang, Yun Wang, Michael Dingkuhn, Julie Pasuquin, Zhikang Li, Jianlong Xu
BACKGROUND: Ferrous iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) at high concentration in the soil cause heavy metal toxicity and greatly affect rice yield and quality. To improve rice production, understanding the genetic and molecular resistance mechanisms to excess Fe and Zn in rice is essential. Genome-wide association study (GWAS) is an effective way to identify loci and favorable alleles governing Fe and Zn toxicty as well as dissect the genetic relationship between them in a genetically diverse population...
October 27, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072032/training-induced-annual-changes-in-red-blood-cell-profile-in-highly-trained-endurance-and-speed-power-athletes
#15
Monika Ciekot-Sołtysiak, Krzysztof Kusy, Tomasz Podgórski, Jacek Zieliński
BACKGROUND: An extensive body of literature exists on the effects of training on haematological parameters, but the previous studies have not reported how hematological parameters respond to changes in training loads within consecutive phases of the training cycle in highly-trained athletes in extremely different sport disciplines. The aim of this study was to identify changes in red blood cell (RBC) profile in response to training loads in consecutive phases of the annual training cycle in highly-trained sprinters (8 men, aged 24 ± 3 years) and triathletes (6 men, aged 24 ± 4 years) who competed at the national and international level...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069071/clinical-signi%C3%AF-cance-of-routine-blood-test-associated-inflammatory-index-in-breast-cancer-patients
#16
Hong Sun, Chang-Qing Yin, Qing Liu, Fubing Wang, Chun-Hui Yuan
BACKGROUND It is now widely acknowledged that chronic inflammation is closely associated with the process of cancer development. As a simple noninvasive blood-based test, hematological parameters in the routine blood test have been considered as inflammation markers. We aimed to evaluate platelet count (PC), red blood cell distribution width (RDW), white blood cell count (WBC), mean platelet volume (MPV), number of neutrophils/lymphocytes ratio (NLR), and platelet count/lymphocytes ratio (PLR) as surrogate inflammatory markers in breast cancer (BC) patients, and we compared these to those in healthy individuals...
October 25, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067703/red-cell-distribution-width-predicts-death-and-appropriate-therapy-in-patients-with-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-a-simple-measurement-with-prognostic-value-in-a-variety-of-diseases-may-help-in-better-selection-of-patients-who-will-benefit-the-most
#17
Saleem Dabbah, Leonid Chertin, Aehab Khateeb, Inna Rosenfeld, Mahmoud Suleiman, Majdi Halabi
BACKGROUND: Red cell distribution width (RDW) is a measure of the size variation of erythrocytes. Its prognostic value has been described in a variety of cardiac and non-cardiac diseases. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is useful in preventing sudden cardiac death in high risk patients, but many of these patients continue to survive without needing ICD therapy. We sought to examine whether RDW with its prognostic values, can benefit in risk stratification of patients with ICD by predicting death and ICD therapy, and thus help in selection of patients who will benefit the most from ICD, and minimizing its implantation in others at low risk of death and arrhythmias...
October 24, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067069/can-hematologic-parameters-predict-treatment-of-ectopic-pregnancy
#18
Hatice Akkaya, Gulsum Uysal
OBJECTIVE: Ectopic pregnancy (EP) is the major cause of maternal morbidity and mortalityinthe first trimester of pregnancy. EP can be treated either medical or surgical approches. The purpose of our study wasto predict the treatment choice of tubal EP by usinghematologic parameters which are routinely used in clinical practice. METHODS: After retrospectively data evaluation was done from Januaryu 2014 to Deceber 201. we had 153 patients with EP. Patientsadmitted to methotrexate (MTX) therapy was Group-1...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064853/red-blood-cell-distribution-width-independently-predicts-1-month-mortality-in-acute-decompensation-of-cirrhotic-patients-admitted-to-emergency-department
#19
Gianni Turcato, Tommaso Campagnaro, Antonio Bonora, Nicola Vignola, Gian Luca Salvagno, Gianfranco Cervellin, Giorgio Ricci, Antonio Maccagnani, Giuseppe Lippi
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore whether red blood cell distribution width (RDW) can help predict the risk of short-term mortality in patients with acute decompensation of cirrhosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective analysis of all patients consecutively admitted to the emergency department (ED) of the University Hospital of Verona (Italy) for acute decompensation of liver cirrhosis, between 1 June 2013 and 31 December 2016. The RDW value was measured at ED admission, along with collection of clinical features and other laboratory data, and was then correlated with severity of disease (Chronic Liver Failure Consortium Acute Decompensation score; CLIF-C AD score) and 1-month mortality...
October 23, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062112/association-between-post-transplant-red-cell-distribution-width-and-prognosis-of-kidney-transplant-recipients
#20
Sehoon Park, Young Hoon Kim, Yong Chul Kim, Mi-Yeon Yu, Jung Pyo Lee, Duck Jong Han, Yon Su Kim, Su-Kil Park
The role of elevated post-transplant red cell distribution width (RDW) as a predictive factor for graft loss remains unclear, although RDW was reported to be significantly associated with poor prognosis in various clinical fields. We performed a retrospective cohort study with 2,939 kidney transplant patients from two tertiary teaching hospitals in Korea. RDW level at transplantation and 3-months post-transplantation were collected. Those with RDW in the upper quartile range were considered to have increased RDW (>14...
October 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
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