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exosome chemoresistance

He-da Zhang, Lin-Hong Jiang, Jun-Chen Hou, Shan-Liang Zhong, Ling-Ping Zhu, Dan-Dan Wang, Si-Ying Zhou, Su-Jin Yang, Jin-Yan Wang, Qian Zhang, Han-Zi Xu, Jian-Hua Zhao, Zhen-Ling Ji, Jin-Hai Tang
Exosomes are small membrane vesicles with a diameter of 40-100 nm, which are released into the intracellular environment. Exosomes could influence the genetic and epigenetic changes of receptor cells by promoting the horizontal transfer of various proteins or RNAs, especially miRNAs. Moreover, exosomes also play an important role in tumor microenvironment. Exosomes could promote the short- and long-distance exchanges of genetic information by acting as mediators of cell-to-cell communication. In addition, exosomes participate in drug resistance of tumor cells by genetic exchange between cells...
October 12, 2018: Epigenomics
Hamid Cheshomi, Maryam M Matin
Extracellular vesicles are known as actual intermediaries of intercellular communications, such as biological signals and cargo transfer between different cells. A variety of cells release the exosomes as nanovesicular bodies. Exosomes contain different compounds such as several types of nucleic acids and proteins. In this study, we focused on exosomes in colorectal cancer as good tools that can be involved in various cancer-related processes. Furthermore, we summarize the advantages and disadvantages of exosome extraction methods and review related studies on the role of exosomes in colorectal cancer...
September 23, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Sai V Chitti, Pamali Fonseka, Suresh Mathivanan
Cancer cachexia is a multifactorial metabolic syndrome characterized by the rapid loss of skeletal muscle mass with or without the loss of fat mass. Nearly 50-80% of all cancer patients' experience rapid weight loss results in ∼20% of cancer-related deaths. The levels of pro-inflammatory and pro-cachectic factors were significantly up-regulated in cachexia patients when compared with the patients who were without cachexia. It is becoming evident that these factors work synergistically to induce cancer cachexia...
September 20, 2018: Biochemical Society Transactions
Hongdan Li, Feng Li
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (BM-MSCs) are progenitor cells shown to migrate to the tumour and participate in the tumour microenvironment. BM-MSCs play important roles in tumour processes through the release of cytokines or exosomes; however, how BM-MSCs influence the stemness of CSCs in colon cancer cells remains poorly understood. METHODS: We isolated exosomes from BM-MSCs and used these exosomes to treat colon cancer cells (HCT-116, HT-29 and SW-480)...
September 17, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
Yuhua Feng, Meizuo Zhong, Shan Zeng, Leyuan Wang, Ping Liu, Xiangyu Xiao, Yiping Liu
AIM: To analyze the expression profiles, clinicopathological features and chemotherapeutic efficacies of exosome-derived miRNAs in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). MATERIALS & METHODS: Next-generation sequencing technique was performed to identify miRNA profiles in exosomes from parental and chemoresistant DLBCL cells. The results were validated by quantitative real-time PCR, and further analyzed by bioinformatics and statistical methods. RESULTS: We identified 37 significantly upregulated and 17 downregulated miRNAs...
September 13, 2018: Epigenomics
Fang Sun, Jin-Zhi Wang, Ji-Jun Luo, Yu-Qin Wang, Qin Pan
Exosomes are emerging as essential vehicles mediated cross-talk between different types of cells in tumor microenvironment. The extensive exploration of exosomes in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) enhances our comprehension of cancer biology referring to tumor growth, metastasis, immune evasion, and chemoresistance. Besides, the versatile roles of exosomes provide reasonable explanations for the propensity for liver metastasis of gastric cancer, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, breast cancer, and colorectal cancer...
2018: BioMed Research International
Ailiang Zeng, Zhiyun Wei, Wei Yan, Jianxing Yin, Xiaoxu Huang, Xu Zhou, Rui Li, Feng Shen, Weining Wu, Xiefeng Wang, Yongping You
Chemoresistance blunts the effect of Temozolomide (TMZ) in the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Whether exosomal transfer of miRNAs derived from TMZ-resistant GBM cells could confer TMZ resistance remains to be determined. qPCR was used to determine miR-151a expression in two TMZ-resistant GBM cell lines. The direct targets of miR-151a were identified by microarray assays, bioinformatics and further RNA chromatin immunoprecipitation (RNA-ChIP) assay. We characterized exosomes from TMZ-resistant cell lines, serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and determined the effect of exosomes from TMZ-resistant cells on recipient GBM cells...
November 1, 2018: Cancer Letters
Jing Ren, Liang Ding, Dongya Zhang, Guoping Shi, Qianyun Xu, Sunan Shen, Yaping Wang, Tingting Wang, Yayi Hou
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the pathology of various tumors, including colorectal cancer (CRC). The crosstalk between carcinoma- associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and cancer cells in the tumor microenvironment promotes tumor development and confers chemoresistance. In this study, we further investigated the underlying tumor-promoting roles of CAFs and the molecular mediators involved in these processes. Methods: The AOM/DSS-induced colitis-associated cancer (CAC) mouse model was established, and RNA sequencing was performed...
2018: Theranostics
Hongyu Liu, Baoguo Li
PURPOSE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide with limited therapeutic options. Exosome is a member of extracellular vesicles that can be released by different cells in liver to communicate with other cells. HCC development has been characterized by a dysfunction of exosome regulation through many molecular mechanisms. The aim of the present review is to summarize the literature on exosomes in HCC, their roles in hepatocarcinogenesis from liver disease, molecules exchange between tumor cells and neighboring cells, metastasis, chemoresistant, immunosuppression, early diagnose and therapy application...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Wei-Xian Chen, Ling-Yun Xu, Qi Qian, Xiao He, Wen-Ting Peng, Wen-Qiang Fan, Yu-Lan Zhu, Jin-Hai Tang, Lin Cheng
d Rhamnose β-hederin (DRβ-H), an active component extracted from the traditional Chinese medicinal plant Clematis ganpiniana , has been reported to be effective against breast cancer. Recent studies have also indicated that the isolated exosomes (D/exo) from docetaxel-resistant breast cancer cells MCF-7 (MCF-7/Doc) were associated with resistance transmission by delivering genetic cargo. However, the relevance of D/exo during DRβ-H exposure remains largely unclear. In the present work, exosomes were characterized by morphology and size distribution...
October 31, 2018: Bioscience Reports
Min Kang, Meiping Ren, Yan Li, Yuqiong Fu, Minmin Deng, Changping Li
BACKGROUND: Currently, resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as gefitinib, has become a major obstacle in improving the clinical outcome of patients with metastatic and advanced-stage esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). While cell behavior can be modulated by long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), the roles of lncRNAs within extracellular vesicles (exosomes) are largely unknown. Therefore, we investigated the involvement and regulatory functions of potential lncRNAs enclosed in exosomes during formation of chemoresistance in human ESCC...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Huaying Dong, Wei Wang, Ru Chen, Yu Zhang, Kejian Zou, Mulin Ye, Xionghui He, Fan Zhang, Jing Han
Currently, resistance to trastuzumab, a human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) inhibitor, has become an important obstacle to improving the clinical outcome of patients with advanced HER2+ breast cancer. While cell behavior may be modulated by long non‑coding RNAs (lncRNAs), the contributions of lncRNAs within extracellular vesicles (exosomes) are largely unknown. To this end, the involvement and regulatory functions of potential lncRNAs contained within exosomes during the formation of chemoresistance in human breast cancer were investigated...
September 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Wei Zhang, Xinrui Cai, Jie Yu, Xuxiang Lu, Qiuhai Qian, Weibin Qian
Currently, resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as erlotinib, has become a major obstacle for improving the clinical outcome of patients with metastatic and advanced‑stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). While cell behavior can be modulated by long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), the roles of lncRNAs within extracellular vesicles (exosomes) are largely unknown. To this end, in this study, the involvement and regulatory functions of potential lncRNAs wrapped by exosomes during the development of chemoresistance in human NSCLC were investigated...
August 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Tae Woo Kim, Seon Young Lee, Mia Kim, Chunhoo Cheon, Bo-Hyoung Jang, Yong Cheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko
Danggui-Sayuk-Ga-Osuyu-Saenggang-Tang (DSGOST in Korean, Danggui-Sini-Jia-Wuzhuyu-Shengian-Tang in Chinese, and Tokishigyakukagoshuyushokyoto (TJ-38) in Japanese), a well-known traditional Korean/Chinese/Japanese medicine, has long been used to treat vascular diseases such as Raynaud's phenomenon (RP). However, anticancer effect of DSGOST remains elusive. In this study, we checked if DSGOST has an anticancer effect against gastric cancer cells, and investigated the mechanisms underlying DSGOST resistance. Moreover, DSGOST regulates chemoresistance in cisplatin-treated gastric cancer cells...
May 29, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Kai-Bo Chen, Jian Chen, Xiao-Li Jin, Yi Huang, Qiu-Ming Su, Li Chen
The prognosis of patients with peritoneal dissemination from gastric cancer is poor, and the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. Exosomes, as macromolecular phospholipid bilayer vesicles comprising of proteins, nucleic acids and lipids, serve as mediators of cell-cell communication. Gastric cancer tumor-derived exosomes may be involved in the pathological process of peritoneal dissemination by mediating crosstalk between cancer cells and mesothelial cells, to result in the induction of enhanced tumor growth, migratory, adhesive and invasive abilities, peritoneal fibrosis and apoptosis, mesothelial-to-mesenchymal transition, angiogenesis and chemoresistance...
June 2018: Biomedical Reports
Meng-Chieh Lin, Shih-Yin Chen, Pei-Lin He, Harvey Herschman, Hua-Jung Li
Cells expressing mesenchymal/basal phenotypes in tumors have been associated with stem cell properties. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are often resistant to conventional chemotherapy. We explored overcoming mesenchymal CSC resistance to chemotherapeutic agents. Our goal was to reduce CSC numbers in vivo, in conjunction with chemotherapy, to reduce tumor burden. Analysis of clinical samples demonstrated that COX-2/PGE2 /EP4 signaling is elevated in basal-like and chemoresistant breast carcinoma and is correlated with survival and relapse of breast cancer...
September 15, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Cristina Alguacil-Núñez, Inés Ferrer-Ortiz, Elena García-Verdú, Pilar López-Pirez, Irene Maria Llorente-Cortijo, Bruno Sainz
Lung cancer, in particular non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), is the second most common cancer in both men and women and the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Its prognosis and diagnosis are determined by several driver mutations and diverse risk factors (e.g. smoking). While immunotherapy has proven effective in some patients, treatment of NSCLC using conventional chemotherapy is largely ineffective. The latter is believed to be due to the existence of a subpopulation of stem-like, highly tumorigenic and chemoresistant cells within the tumor population known as cancer stem cells (CSC)...
May 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
Lu Yan, Xiu Dong, Jiajia Gao, Fang Liu, Lanping Zhou, Yulin Sun, Xiaohang Zhao
Stathmin-1 is a microtubule depolymerization protein that regulates cell division, growth, migration, and invasion. Overexpression of stathmin-1 has been observed to be associated with metastasis, poor prognosis, and chemoresistance in various human cancers. Our previous studies found that serum stathmin-1 was significantly elevated in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) by ELISAs. Here, we constructed high-affinity monoclonal antibodies and then developed a competitive AlphaLISA for rapid, accurate quantitation of stathmin-1 in serum...
May 2018: Cancer Medicine
Wei Sun, Ju-Dong Luo, Hua Jiang, Dayue Darrel Duan
Tumor cells produce and secrete more nucleic acids, proteins and lipids than normal cells. These molecules are transported in the blood or around the cells in membrane-encapsulated exosomes. Tumor-derived or tumor-associated exosomes (usually 30-100 nm in diameter) contain abundant biological contents resembling those of the parent cells along with signaling messengers for intercellular communication involved in the pathogenesis, development, progression, and metastasis of cancer. As these exosomes can be detected and isolated from various body fluids, they have become attractive new biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of cancer...
April 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Xinyi Wang, Haiyang Zhang, Ming Bai, Tao Ning, Shaohua Ge, Ting Deng, Rui Liu, Le Zhang, Guoguang Ying, Yi Ba
Chemoresistance is one of the causes of adverse effects in gastric cancer, including a poor response to cisplatin (DDP). Exosomes loaded with microRNA (miRNA), mRNA, and other non-coding RNAs could regulate drug resistance. Exo-anti-214 was extracted and verified. A Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) cell viability assay, flow cytometry, and transwell and immunofluorescence assays were performed to determine whether exo-anti-214 could sensitize cells to DDP in vitro. A combination of intravenously injected exo-anti-214 and intraperitoneal DDP was utilized in vivo...
March 7, 2018: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
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