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"Puerperal infection"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939881/mothers-at-risk-factors-affecting-maternal-postpartum-length-of-stay
#1
Lucy Van Otterloo, Cynthia Connelly, Jeffrey Gould, Anisha Abreo, Elliott Main
Perinatal complications linked to maternal comorbidities contribute to increased healthcare utilization through an extended postpartum length of stay (LOS). Understanding factors influencing postpartum LOS may minimize the adverse effects associated with comorbidities and complications. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors with the greatest odds of increasing postpartum LOS. Linked 2008-2009 hospital discharge and birth certificate data were used to examine comorbidities and complication codes in 1 015 424 births...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559879/polyarteritis-nodosa-in-pregnancy
#2
Laura Damian, Cristina Pamfil, Marius Fodor, Liliana Rogojan, Natalia Hagau, Simona Rednic
Background: Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a rare disease that occurs predominantly in middle-aged males; its onset during pregnancy is exceptional. Case Report: We present a case of PAN with peripartum onset in a patient with a twin pregnancy after ovarian stimulation for primary infertility. The pregnancy outcome was good in terms of the children's health. In the case of the mother, however, the presence of nonspecific signs and symptoms, a noncontributory ovarian biopsy, and mimics of a puerperal infection delayed the diagnosis of PAN...
2018: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166440/maternal-complications-and-cesarean-section-without-indication-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Keila Cristina Mascarello, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Mariângela Freitas Silveira
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the risks of severe acute maternal complications associated with cesarean section without medical indication. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out with meta-analysis. The literature search was performed systematically, in multiple stages, in the PubMed, Lilacs, and Web of Science databases using the following descriptors: (postpartum period) and (cesarean section or natural childbirth) and ((morbidity or mortality) or (postpartum hemorrhage) or (puerperal infection) or (surgical infection) or (puerperal disorders))...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096053/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-episiotomy-repair-following-vaginal-birth
#4
REVIEW
Mercedes Bonet, Erika Ota, Chioma E Chibueze, Olufemi T Oladapo
BACKGROUND: Bacterial infections occurring during labour, childbirth, and the puerperium may be associated with considerable maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Antibiotic prophylaxis might reduce wound infection incidence after an episiotomy, particularly in situations associated with a higher risk of postpartum perineal infection, such as midline episiotomy, extension of the incision, or in settings where the baseline risk of infection after vaginal birth is high. However, available evidence is unclear concerning the role of prophylactic antibiotics in preventing infections after an episiotomy...
November 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043436/cervical-dilation-balloon-combined-with-intravenous-drip-of-oxytocin-for-induction-of-term-labor-a-multicenter-clinical-trial
#5
Xueqin Wu, Chunxiang Wang, Yufang Li, Chunmei Ouyang, Jiaying Liao, Weibin Cai, Yilei Zhong, Jianping Zhang, Hui Chen
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness and safety of a method combining double-balloon catheter for cervical ripening and intravenous drip of oxytocin on the induction of term labor, providing the reference for clinical safety. METHODS: A total of 120 pregnant women with a gestation between 37+0 and  41+6  weeks, indications of labor induction, singleton pregnancy with cephalic presentation were enrolled. The patients were divided into the research group receiving cervical dilation balloon combined with intravenous drip of oxytocin and the control group receiving an intravenous drip of oxytocin at a concentration of 0...
January 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29014211/a-clinical-investigation-on-the-value-of-proseptasine-as-a-prophylactic-in-puerperal-infection
#6
S N Hayes, Abdus Sami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1938: Indian Medical Gazette
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29011119/a-note-on-the-treatment-of-puerperal-infection
#7
A C Bharadwaj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1926: Indian Medical Gazette
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29009291/hydrochloric-acid-intravenously-in-the-treatment-of-puerperal-infection
#8
S R Ingale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1933: Indian Medical Gazette
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885399/clinical-risk-factors-associated-with-peripartum-maternal-bacteremia
#9
Sarah Rae Easter, Rose L Molina, Kartik K Venkatesh, Anjali Kaimal, Ruth Tuomala, Laura E Riley
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors associated with maternal bacteremia in febrile peripartum women. METHODS: We performed a case-control study of women with fevers occurring between 7 days before and up to 42 days after delivery of viable neonates at two academic hospitals. Women with positive blood cultures were matched with the next two febrile women meeting inclusion criteria with negative blood cultures in the microbiology data without other matching parameters...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779515/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-operative-vaginal-delivery
#10
REVIEW
Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Thanapan Choobun, Krantarat Peeyananjarassri, Q Monir Islam
BACKGROUND: Vacuum and forceps assisted vaginal deliveries are reported to increase the incidence of postpartum infections and maternal readmission to hospital compared to spontaneous vaginal delivery. Prophylactic antibiotics may be prescribed to prevent these infections. However, the benefit of antibiotic prophylaxis for operative vaginal deliveries is still unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of antibiotic prophylaxis in reducing infectious puerperal morbidities in women undergoing operative vaginal deliveries including vacuum or forceps deliveries, or both...
August 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706365/obstetric-outcome-in-women-with-chronic-liver-disease
#11
Pinky Jena, C N Sheela, Rao Preethi Venkatachala, Harshad Devarbhavi
AIM: This study determines the prevalence, causes and outcome of pregnancy in women with chronic liver diseases in a tertiary level teaching institute in Southern India. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of case records was carried out between December 2010 and May 2015 in the departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Gastroenterology including pregnant women diagnosed to have chronic liver diseases prenatally or during pregnancy. RESULTS: The frequency of chronic liver disease in pregnancy was 50 among 10,823 deliveries (0...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552890/collaborative-research-on-puerperal-infections-in-bangladesh
#12
REVIEW
Nobumichi Kobayashi, Salma Ahmed, Ayako Sumi, Noriko Urushibara, Mitsuyo Kawaguchiya, Meiji Soe Aung
Bangladesh is considered as a high-risk country for emerging infectious diseases because of its high population density, poverty, and unhygienic conditions. Although control efforts have primarily been focused on major infectious diseases such as diarrheal diseases, tuberculosis, malaria, and HIV infection, the prevalence and impact of many local or minor infectious diseases are still unclarified in this country. In this review, we present our recent experience and outcomes of collaborative research on puerperal infection (PI), which is a poorly defined infectious disease in Bangladesh...
2017: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532287/maternal-body-mass-index-and-oxytocin-exposure-in-nulliparous-women-is-there-an-interaction-associated-with-maternal-and-neonatal-morbidities
#13
Akila Subramaniam, John Owen, Sukhkamal B Campbell, Lorie M Harper, Joseph L Fitzwater, Rodney K Edwards
OBJECTIVE: Increasing body mass index (BMI) and administered doses of oxytocin are related to maternal and neonatal morbidities. We evaluated the effect of oxytocin dosage, BMI, and their interaction on select perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively studied nulliparas with singletons ≥36 weeks' gestation who received oxytocin and reached the second stage of labor. Oxytocin dosage was defined by the oxytocin product ([maximum oxytocin dose] × [duration of oxytocin infusion]/100 (milliunits))...
August 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460079/postpartum-complications-in-new-mothers-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-population-based-cohort-study
#14
Debbie Ehrmann Feldman, Évelyne Vinet, Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, Beth Hazel, Ciarán Duffy, Anick Bérard, Garbis Meshefedjian, Sasha Bernatsky
Objective: The aim was to evaluate the prevalence of postpartum complications, including depression, in new mothers who had juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and to assess whether these differ from mothers who never had JIA. Methods: Our cohort study used data from physician billing and hospitalizations covering Quebec, Canada. We identified females with JIA with a first-time birth between 1 January 1983 and 31 December 2010 and assembled a control cohort of first-time mothers without JIA from the same administrative data, matching 4:1 for date of first birth, maternal age and area of residence...
August 1, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415867/-supporting-semmelweis-in-french-in-1849-in-strasbourg-the-unfairly-forgotten-friedrich-wieger-1821-1890
#15
László Kiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299057/genital-mycoplasmas-in-women-attending-the-yaound%C3%A3-university-teaching-hospital-in-cameroon
#16
REVIEW
Anna L Njunda, Dickson S Nsagha, Jules C N Assob, John N Palle, Henri L Kamga, Peter F Nde, Mengang N C Ntube, Patrick E Weledji
Genital mycoplasmas are implicated in pelvic inflammatory diseases, puerperal infection, septic abortions, low birth weight, nongonococcal urethritis and prostatitis as well as spontaneous abortion and infertility in women. There is paucity of data on colonisation of genital mycoplasma in women and their drug sensitivity patterns. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of genital mycoplasmas (Ureaplasma urealiticum and Mycoplasma hominis) infection and their drug sensitivity patterns in women...
March 1, 2011: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178046/acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-pregnant-women
#17
Barret Rush, Pawel Martinka, Brett Kilb, Robert C McDermid, John H Boyd, Leo Anthony Celi
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the rate of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in pregnant patients as well as to investigate clinical conditions associated with mortality. METHODS: We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2006 to 2012 to identify a cohort of pregnant patients who underwent mechanical ventilation for ARDS. A multivariate model predicting in-hospital mortality was created. RESULTS: A total of 55,208,382 hospitalizations from the 2006-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Samples were analyzed...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130432/azithromycin-in-labor-lowers-clinical-infections-in-mothers-and-newborns-a-double-blind-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Claire Oluwalana, Bully Camara, Christian Bottomley, Sean Goodier, Abdoulie Bojang, Beate Kampmann, Samba Ceesay, Umberto D'Alessandro, Anna Roca
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We have recently completed a proof-of-concept trial showing that bacterial colonization decreased in women and newborns after the administration of azithromycin during labor. Here, we aim to assess the effect of the intervention on maternal and neonatal clinical infections. METHODS: This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial. Gambian women in labor were given either an oral dose of azithromycin (2 g) or placebo. Follow-up was conducted for 8 weeks after delivery...
February 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122046/effect-of-puerperal-infections-on-early-neonatal-mortality-a-secondary-analysis-of-six-demographic-and-health-surveys
#19
Saverio Bellizzi, Quique Bassat, Mohamed M Ali, Howard L Sobel, Marleen Temmerman
BACKGROUND: Around 1.5 million annual neonatal deaths occur in the first week of life, and infections represent one of the major causes in developing countries. Neonatal sepsis is often strictly connected to infection of the maternal genital tract during labour. METHODS: The association between signs suggestive of puerperal infection and early neonatal mortality (<7 days of life) was performed using Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) data of six countries, conducted between 2010 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919934/development-and-validation-of-risk-prediction-model-for-venous-thromboembolism-in-postpartum-women-multinational-cohort-study
#20
Alyshah Abdul Sultan, Joe West, Matthew J Grainge, Richard D Riley, Laila J Tata, Olof Stephansson, Kate M Fleming, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Jonas F Ludvigsson
OBJECTIVE:  To develop and validate a risk prediction model for venous thromboembolism in the first six weeks after delivery (early postpartum). DESIGN:  Cohort study. SETTING:  Records from England based Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) linked to Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) and data from Sweden based registry. PARTICIPANTS:  All pregnant women registered with CPRD-HES linked data between 1997 and 2014 and Swedish medical birth registry between 2005 and 2011 with postpartum follow-up...
December 5, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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