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Therapeutic AND exercise

Pia Kontos, Alisa Grigorovich
Dance, as aesthetic self-expression, is a unique arts-based program that combines the physical benefits of exercise with psychosocial therapeutic benefits. While dance has also been shown to support empowerment, meaningful self-expression, and pleasurable experience, it is rarely adopted to support these aspects of engagement in the context of dementia care. The instrumental reduction of dance to its application as a therapeutic tool can be traced to the contemporary movement towards cognitive science with an emphasis on embodied cognition...
September 2018: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
F Noveletto, A V Soares, B A Mello, C N Sevegnani, F L F Eichinger, M da S Hounsell, P Bertemes-Filho
Hemiparetic stroke patients can have several muscular and postural disorders which compromise their balance. Serious Games (SG) emerged as a new approach to enhance conventional treatment by making it a motivating method to meet individual needs. This paper evaluated the therapeutic effects of a biomedical SG system developed for balance evaluation and training of hemiparetic stroke patients. The system consists of a balance board with inertial sensors and a computer system that runs the game. A novel scoring system for balance evaluation which extracts metric information regarding patients' performance while gaming was proposed...
October 18, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Gareth A Wallis, Javier T Gonzalez
The objective of this review paper is to evaluate the impact of undertaking aerobic exercise in the overnight-fasted v. fed-state, in the context of optimising the health benefits of regular physical activity. Conducting a single bout of aerobic exercise in the overnight-fasted v. fed-state can differentially modulate the aspects of metabolism and energy balance behaviours. This includes, but is not limited to, increased utilisation of fat as a fuel source, improved plasma lipid profiles, enhanced activation of molecular signalling pathways related to fuel metabolism in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue, and reductions in energy intake over the course of a day...
October 18, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
Suk-Yu Yau, Thomas Ho-Yin Lee, Ang Li, Aimin Xu, Kwok-Fai So
Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes impairs learning and memory performance and reduces adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Physical exercise brings beneficial effects. We have previously shown that adiponectin, an adipocyte-secreted hormone critically involved in the pathology of diabetes, is a key mediator for exercise-enhanced adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Here, we tested whether adiponectin is required for exercise to restore adult hippocampal neurogenesis in an animal model of diabetes. The findings showed that a single injection of 195 mg/kg STZ-induced diabetes significantly increased serum levels of corticosterone and reduced hippocampal adiponectin levels in adult mice...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Craig Moore, Andrew Leaver, David Sibbritt, Jon Adams
BACKGROUND: Headache management is common within chiropractic clinical settings; however, little is yet known about how this provider group manage headache sufferers. The aim of this study is to report on the prevalence of headache patients found within routine chiropractic practice and to assess how chiropractors approach key aspects of headache management applicable to primary care settings. METHODS: A 31-item cross-sectional survey was distributed to a national sample of chiropractors (n = 1050) to report on practitioner approach to headache diagnosis, interdisciplinary collaboration, treatment and outcome assessment of headache patients who present with recurrent headache disorders...
October 17, 2018: BMC Neurology
Rosy Wang, R M Damian Holsinger
Emerging evidence indicates that moderate intensity aerobic exercise is positively correlated with cognitive function and memory. However, the exact mechanisms underlying such improvements remain unclear. Recent research in animal models allows proposition of a pathway in which brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a key mediator. This perspective draws upon evidence from animal and human studies to highlight such a mechanism whereby exercise drives synthesis and accumulation of neuroactive metabolites such as myokines and ketone bodies in the periphery and in the hippocampus to enhance BDNF expression...
October 13, 2018: Ageing Research Reviews
Ahmed Mhalla, Walid Bel Hadj Salah, Rim Mensi, Badii Amamou, Amal Messaoud, Leila Gassab, Wahiba Douki, Med Fadhel Najjar, Lotfi Gaha
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases are common co morbidities of schizophrenia and constitute the main factors of high mortality in this pathology. Cardiovascular damages are favored by some risk factors, of which one of the most important is dyslipidemia. In this context, a study of lipid profile in schizophrenia is interesting.  The aims of this study were to compare the lipid profile of patients with schizophrenia to healthy controls and to investigate the associations between lipid parameters and demographics, clinical and treatment characteristics of the patients...
January 2018: La Tunisie Médicale
Renly Lim, Mhairi Kerr, Elizabeth E Roughead
Background: It is not known if the medicines and services for COPD are used in Australia according to the COPD-X guideline. This study examined the use of medicines and health services for COPD among an Australian cohort to determine if they were consistent with recommendations. Methods: The administrative claims data from the Australian Government Department of Veterans' Affairs were used and included persons aged ≥50 years who were using medicines for COPD in April 2016...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
John S Y Chan, Guanmin Liu, Danxia Liang, Kanfeng Deng, Jiamin Wu, Jin H Yan
In contemporary society, people experience considerable stress in their daily lives. Therefore, developing effective approaches and convenient means to cope with their mood problems is important nowadays. Physical activity has been consistently reported as a cost-effective way to improve physical fitness, prevent mental illnesses, and alleviate mood problems. In this systematic review, the effects of exercise intensity, duration, and modality on mood change are discussed. Results show that moderate-intensity anaerobic exercise is associated with greater mood improvements...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Psychology
Rai Sameer Kumar, Ganeshan Shakambari, Balasubramaniem Ashokkumar, D James Nelson, S Abraham John, Perumal Varalakshmi
Marine cyanobacteria are renowned for producing bioactive secondary metabolites with great structural diversity via mixed biosynthetic pathways. Lyngbya sp., a marine cyanobacterium, produces many metabolites with anti-inflammatory potentials; nevertheless, its bioactive metabolites exercising providing protection against inflammation has been deciphered inadequate. In this study, the ethanolic fraction of the Lyngbya sp. extract was purified and identified as sodium 10-amino-2-methoxyundecanoate ( SAM ) using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance, and electron spray ionization-mass spectroscopy...
September 30, 2018: ACS Omega
Nathanael Matei, Richard Camara, John H Zhang
Clinical and pre-clinical studies have reported a broad range of applications for hydrogen gas therapy. Classically, conventional antioxidant therapy is limited because it neutralizes both the detrimental and protective effects of reactive oxygen species. As a weak reducing agent, hydrogen gas avoids this paradox by reacting with strong oxidants while leaving other beneficial oxidants reactive. This review gathers a promising list of hydrogen gas applications that merit further mechanistic investigation and additional therapeutic trials...
July 2018: Medical Gas Research
Luana G Leal, Magno A Lopes, Miguel L Batista
Physical exercise has beneficial effects on metabolic diseases, and a combined therapeutic regimen of regular exercise and pharmaceutical treatment is often recommended for their clinical management. However, the mechanisms by which exercise produces these beneficial effects are not fully understood. Myokines, a group of skeletal muscle (SkM) derived peptides may play an important part in this process. Myokines are produced, expressed and released by muscle fibers under contraction and exert both local and pleiotropic effects...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Nils Haller, Sonja Lorenz, Daniel Pfirrmann, Cora Koch, Klaus Lieb, Ulrich Dettweiler, Perikles Simon, Patrick Jung
BACKGROUND: Due to the high prevalence of depressive disorders, it is mandatory to develop therapeutic strategies that provide universal access and require limited financial and human resources. Web-based therapeutic approaches fulfill these conditions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of a supervised, individualized 8-week Web-based exercise intervention conducted for patients with moderate to severe depression...
October 12, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Yue Yang, Yang Wang, Yawei Kong, Xiaoning Zhang, He Zhang, Yi Gang, Lunhao Bai
Mechanical stress plays a key role in regulating cartilage degradation in osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects and mechanisms of mechanical stress on articular cartilage. A total of 80 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into eight groups (n = 10 for each group): control group (CG), OA group (OAG), and CG or OAG subjected to low-, moderate-, or high-intensity treadmill exercise (CL, CM, CH, OAL, OAM, and OAH, respectively). Chondrocytes were obtained from the knee joints of rats; they were cultured on Bioflex 6-well culture plates and subjected to different durations of cyclic tensile strain (CTS) with or without exposure to interleukin-1β (IL-1β)...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Joseph Finkelstein, Jiazhen Liu
Patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) were shown to greatly benefit from multipronged exercise interventions comprising aerobic, resistance and corrective therapeutic components which result in endurance and strength improvement and reduction of fatigue and spasticity. However, telerehabilitation support of multipronged exercise programs in PwMS with significant mobility impairment has received limited attention. It is not clear whether severely disabled PwMS can successfully operate a telerehabilitation system at home independently...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Alessia Mongelli, Carlo Gaetano
A large body of evidence reports about the positive effects of physical activity in pathophysiological conditions associated with aging. Physical exercise, alone or in combination with other medical therapies, unquestionably causes reduction of symptoms in chronic non-transmissible diseases often leading to significant amelioration or complete healing. The molecular basis of this exciting outcome-however, remain largely obscure. Epigenetics, exploring at the interface between environmental signals and the remodeling of chromatin structure, promises to shed light on this intriguing matter possibly contributing to the identification of novel therapeutic targets...
October 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
F J Meyer, M M Borst, H-C Buschmann, M Claussen, D Dumitrescu, R Ewert, B Friedmann-Bette, S Gläser, R Glöckl, K Haring, B Lehnigk, U Ochmann, A M Preisser, S Sorichter, M Westhoff, H Worth
This document replaces the DGP recommendations published in 1998 and 2013. Based on recent studies and a consensus conference, the indications, choice and performance of the adequate exercise testing method and its necessary technical and staffing setting are discussed. Detailed recommendations are provided: for blood gas analysis and right heart catheterization during exercise, walk tests, spiroergometry, and stress echocardiography. The correct use of different exercise tests is discussed for specific situations in respiratory medicine: exercise induced asthma, obesity, monitoring of rehabilitation or therapeutical interventions, preoperative risk stratification, and evaluation in occupational medicine...
October 2018: Pneumologie
Cleverson Raymundo Sbarzi Guedes, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves Leite, Marcio José da Silva Campos, Sergio Luiz Mota Júnior, Matheus Melo Phiton, Robert Willer Farinazzo Vitral
OBJECTIVE: the present study aimed at evaluating the risks and vulnerability of orthodontists to legal compensation actions and verifying the hypothesis of these health care professionals having little knowledge concerning their rights and obligations as service providers. METHODS: Three groups were formed to participate in a semi-structured interview. The first group had thirteen law professionals, the second group was composed of eleven orthodontists and the third group was made up of nine randomly selected orthodontic patients...
August 1, 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Luigi Tesio, Chiara Malloggi, Calogero Malfitano, Carlo A Coccetta, Luigi Catino, Viviana Rota
Walking on a split-belt treadmill (each of the two belts running at a different speed) has been proposed as an experimental paradigm to investigate the flexibility of the neural control of gait and as a form of therapeutic exercise. However, the scarcity of dynamic investigations challenges the validity of the available findings. The aim of the present study was to investigate the dynamic asymmetries of lower limbs of healthy adults during adaptation to gait on a split-belt treadmill. Ten healthy adults walked on a split-belt treadmill mounted on force sensors, with belts running either at the same speed ('tied' condition) or at different speeds ('split' condition, 0...
October 9, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
Elroy Patrick Weledji, Divine Eyongeta, Eleanour Ngounou
INTRODUCTION: Normal voiding needs a coordinated, sustained bladder contraction of adequate size and duration. It requires a decrease in resistance of the bladder neck and urethra and no obstruction. Voiding problems can arise from abnormal storage of urine or problems with urinary control. The aim of this article was to review the functional anatomy and physiology of urinary control and micturition and the pathophysiology of urinary control problems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Medline (PubMed) database, Cochrane Library, and Science Citation Index were searched electronically to identify original published studies on bladder anatomy, function and urinary control...
October 10, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
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