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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075055/experimental-evolution-demonstrates-evolvability-of-preferential-nutrient-allocation-to-competing-traits-in-response-to-chronic-malnutrition
#1
Roshan Kumar Vijendravarma
Investigating the evolutionary origins of disease vulnerability is an important aspect of evolutionary medicine that strongly complements our current understanding on proximate causes of disease. Life history trade-offs mediated through evolutionary changes in resource allocation strategies could be one possible explanation to why suboptimal traits that leave bodies vulnerable to disease exist. For example, Drosophila melanogaster populations experimentally evolved to tolerate chronic larval malnutrition succumb to intestinal infection despite eliciting a competent immune response, owing to the loss of their intestinal integrity...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034074/delivering-the-promises-of-trait-based-approaches-to-the-needs-of-demographic-approaches-and-vice-versa
#2
EDITORIAL
Roberto Salguero-Gómez, Cyrille Violle, Olivier Gimenez, Dylan Childs
Few facets of biology vary more than functional traits and life-history traits. To explore this vast variation, functional ecologists and population ecologists have developed independent approaches that identify the mechanisms behind and consequences of trait variation.Collaborative research between researchers using trait-based and demographic approaches remains scarce. We argue that this is a missed opportunity, as the strengths of both approaches could help boost the research agendas of functional ecology and population ecology...
June 2018: Functional Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30030873/assessing-the-sensitivity-of-bivalve-populations-to-global-warming-using-an-individual-based-modelling-approach
#3
Yoann Thomas, Cédric Bacher
Climate change exposes benthic species populations in coastal ecosystems to a combination of different stressors (e.g., warming, acidification and eutrophication), threatening the sustainability of the ecological functions they provide. Thermal stress appears to be one of the strongest drivers impacting marine ecosystems, acting across a wide range of scales, from individual metabolic performances to geographic distribution of populations. Accounting for and integrating the response of species functional traits to thermal stress is therefore a necessary step in predicting how populations will respond to the warming expected in coming decades...
July 20, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29986322/predicting-the-effectiveness-of-oil-recovery-strategies-in-the-marine-polluted-environment
#4
A Giacoletti, S Cappello, G Mancini, M C Mangano, G Sarà
Many recent studies have focused their attention on the physiological stress experienced by marine organisms in measuring ecotoxicological responses. Here we suggest a new approach for investigating the effects of an anthropogenic pollutant on Life-History (LH) traits of marine organisms, to provide stakeholders and policy makers an effective tool to evaluate the best environmental recovery strategies and plans. A Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB), coupled with a biophysical model was used to predict the effects of a six-month oil spill on Mytilus galloprovincialis' LH traits and to test two potential recovery strategies in the central Mediterranean Sea...
July 4, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931772/trait-based-predictions-and-responses-from-laboratory-mite-populations-to-harvesting-in-stochastic-environments
#5
Isabel M Smallegange, Hedwig M Ens
Predictions on population responses to perturbations are often derived from trait-based approaches like integral projection models (IPMs), but are rarely tested. IPMs are constructed from functions that describe survival, growth and reproduction in relation to the traits of individuals and their environment. Although these functions comprise biologically non-informative statistical coefficients within standard IPMs, model parameters of the recently developed dynamic energy budget IPM (DEB-IPM) are life-history traits like "length at maturation" and "maximum reproduction rate"...
July 2018: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870141/incorporating-suborganismal-processes-into-dynamic-energy-budget-models-for-ecological-risk-assessment
#6
Cheryl A Murphy, Roger M Nisbet, Philipp Antczak, Natàlia Garcia-Reyero, Andre Gergs, Konstadia Lika, Teresa Mathews, Erik B Muller, Diane Nacci, Angela Peace, Christopher H Remien, Irvin R Schultz, Louise M Stevenson, Karen H Watanabe
A working group at the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS) explored the feasibility of integrating 2 complementary approaches relevant to ecological risk assessment. Adverse outcome pathway (AOP) models provide "bottom-up" mechanisms to predict specific toxicological effects that could affect an individual's ability to grow, reproduce, and/or survive from a molecular initiating event. Dynamic energy budget (DEB) models offer a "top-down" approach that reverse engineers stressor effects on growth, reproduction, and/or survival into modular characterizations related to the acquisition and processing of energy resources...
June 5, 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742099/the-amp-project-comparing-species-on-the-basis-of-dynamic-energy-budget-parameters
#7
Gonçalo M Marques, Starrlight Augustine, Konstadia Lika, Laure Pecquerie, Tiago Domingos, Sebastiaan A L M Kooijman
We developed new methods for parameter estimation-in-context and, with the help of 125 authors, built the AmP (Add-my-Pet) database of Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) models, parameters and referenced underlying data for animals, where each species constitutes one database entry. The combination of DEB parameters covers all aspects of energetics throughout the full organism's life cycle, from the start of embryo development to death by aging. The species-specific parameter values capture biodiversity and can now, for the first time, be compared between animals species...
May 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680449/modeling-tumor-growth-inhibition-and-toxicity-outcome-after-administration-of-anticancer-agents-in-xenograft-mice-a-dynamic-energy-budget-deb-approach
#8
N Terranova, E M Tosca, E Borella, E Pesenti, M Rocchetti, P Magni
Host features, such as cell proliferation rates, caloric intake, metabolism and energetic conditions, significantly influence tumor growth; at the same time, tumor growth may have a dramatic impact on the host conditions. For example, in clinics, at certain stages of the tumor growth, cachexia (body weight reduction) may become so relevant to be considered as responsible for around 20% of cancer deaths. Unfortunately, anticancer therapies may also contribute to the development of cachexia due to reduced food intake (anorexia), commonly observed during the treatment periods...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596456/modelling-southern-elephant-seals-mirounga-leonina-using-an-individual-based-model-coupled-with-a-dynamic-energy-budget
#9
Merel Goedegebuure, Jessica Melbourne-Thomas, Stuart P Corney, Clive R McMahon, Mark A Hindell
Higher trophic-level species are an integral component of any marine ecosystem. Despite their importance, methods for representing these species in end-to-end ecosystem models often have limited representation of life histories, energetics and behaviour. We built an individual-based model coupled with a dynamic energy budget for female southern elephant seals Mirounga leonina to demonstrate a method for detailed representation of marine mammals. We aimed to develop a model which could i) simulate energy use and life histories, as well as breeding traits of southern elephant seals in an emergent manner, ii) project a stable population over time, and iii) have realistic population dynamics and structure based on emergent life history features (such as age at first breeding, lifespan, fecundity and (yearling) survival)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550453/is-structural-sensitivity-a-problem-of-oversimplified-biological-models-insights-from-nested-dynamic-energy-budget-models
#10
Clement Aldebert, Bob W Kooi, David Nerini, Jean-Christophe Poggiale
Many current issues in ecology require predictions made by mathematical models, which are built on somewhat arbitrary choices. Their consequences are quantified by sensitivity analysis to quantify how changes in model parameters propagate into an uncertainty in model predictions. An extension called structural sensitivity analysis deals with changes in the mathematical description of complex processes like predation. Such processes are described at the population scale by a specific mathematical function taken among similar ones, a choice that can strongly drive model predictions...
July 7, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438934/dynamic-energy-budget-models-in-ecological-risk-assessment-from-principles-to-applications
#11
REVIEW
Jan Baas, Starrlight Augustine, Gonçalo M Marques, Jean-Lou Dorne
In ecological risk assessment of chemicals, hazard identification and hazard characterisation are most often based on ecotoxicological tests and expressed as summary statistics such as No Observed Effect Concentrations or Lethal Concentration values and No Effect Concentrations. Considerable research is currently ongoing to further improve methodologies to take into account toxico kinetic aspects in toxicological assessments, extrapolations of toxic effects observed on individuals to population effects and combined effects of multiple chemicals effects...
July 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850607/a-dynamic-energy-budget-deb-model-to-describe-laternula-elliptica-king-1832-seasonal-feeding-and-metabolism
#12
Antonio Agüera, In-Young Ahn, Charlène Guillaumot, Bruno Danis
Antarctic marine organisms are adapted to an extreme environment, characterized by a very low but stable temperature and a strong seasonality in food availability arousing from variations in day length. Ocean organisms are particularly vulnerable to global climate change with some regions being impacted by temperature increase and changes in primary production. Climate change also affects the biotic components of marine ecosystems and has an impact on the distribution and seasonal physiology of Antarctic marine organisms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837407/a-dynamic-energy-based-model-to-analyze-sublethal-effects-of-chronic-gamma-irradiation-in-the-nematode-caenorhabditis-elegans
#13
Catherine Lecomte-Pradines, Turid Hertel-Aas, Claire Coutris, Rodolphe Gilbin, Deborah Oughton, Frédéric Alonzo
Understanding how toxic contaminants affect wildlife species at various levels of biological organization (subcellular, histological, physiological, organism, and population levels) is a major research goal in both ecotoxicology and radioecology. A mechanistic understanding of the links between different observed perturbations is necessary to predict the consequences for survival, growth, and reproduction, which are critical for population dynamics. In this context, experimental and modeling studies were conducted using the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans...
2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387336/using-energy-budgets-to-combine-ecology-and-toxicology-in-a-mammalian-sentinel-species
#14
Jean-Pierre W Desforges, Christian Sonne, Rune Dietz
Process-driven modelling approaches can resolve many of the shortcomings of traditional descriptive and non-mechanistic toxicology. We developed a simple dynamic energy budget (DEB) model for the mink (Mustela vison), a sentinel species in mammalian toxicology, which coupled animal physiology, ecology and toxicology, in order to mechanistically investigate the accumulation and adverse effects of lifelong dietary exposure to persistent environmental toxicants, most notably polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Our novel mammalian DEB model accurately predicted, based on energy allocations to the interconnected metabolic processes of growth, development, maintenance and reproduction, lifelong patterns in mink growth, reproductive performance and dietary accumulation of PCBs as reported in the literature...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370293/a-framework-for-predicting-impacts-on-ecosystem-services-from-sub-organismal-responses-to-chemicals
#15
REVIEW
Valery E Forbes, Chris J Salice, Bjorn Birnir, Randy J F Bruins, Peter Calow, Virginie Ducrot, Nika Galic, Kristina Garber, Bret C Harvey, Henriette Jager, Andrew Kanarek, Robert Pastorok, Steve F Railsback, Richard Rebarber, Pernille Thorbek
Protection of ecosystem services is increasingly emphasized as a risk-assessment goal, but there are wide gaps between current ecological risk-assessment endpoints and potential effects on services provided by ecosystems. The authors present a framework that links common ecotoxicological endpoints to chemical impacts on populations and communities and the ecosystem services that they provide. This framework builds on considerable advances in mechanistic effects models designed to span multiple levels of biological organization and account for various types of biological interactions and feedbacks...
April 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219019/inferring-physiological-energetics-of-loggerhead-turtle-caretta-caretta-from-existing-data-using-a-general-metabolic-theory
#16
Nina Marn, S A L M Kooijman, Marko Jusup, Tarzan Legović, Tin Klanjšček
Loggerhead turtle is an endangered sea turtle species with a migratory lifestyle and worldwide distribution, experiencing markedly different habitats throughout its lifetime. Environmental conditions, especially food availability and temperature, constrain the acquisition and the use of available energy, thus affecting physiological processes such as growth, maturation, and reproduction. These physiological processes at the population level determine survival, fecundity, and ultimately the population growth rate-a key indicator of the success of conservation efforts...
May 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131708/autotrophs-challenge-to-dynamic-energy-budget-theory-comment-on-physics-of-metabolic-organization-by-marko-jusup-et-al
#17
COMMENT
Sunčana Geček
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Physics of Life Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117237/challenges-for-dynamic-energy-budget-theory-comment-on-physics-of-metabolic-organization-by-marko-jusup-et-al
#18
COMMENT
Roger M Nisbet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Physics of Life Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094146/the-role-of-dynamic-energy-budget-theory-in-predictive-modeling-of-stressor-impacts-on-ecological-systems-comment-on-physics-of-metabolic-organization-by-marko-jusup-et-al
#19
COMMENT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039777/photosynthetic-efficiency-predicts-toxic-effects-of-metal-nanomaterials-in-phytoplankton
#20
Robert J Miller, Erik B Muller, Bryan Cole, Tyronne Martin, Roger Nisbet, Gretchen K Bielmyer-Fraser, Tayler A Jarvis, Arturo A Keller, Gary Cherr, Hunter S Lenihan
High Throughput Screening (HTS) using in vitro assessments at the subcellular level has great promise for screening new chemicals and emerging contaminants to identify high-risk candidates, but their linkage to ecological impacts has seldom been evaluated. We tested whether a battery of subcellular HTS tests could be used to accurately predict population-level effects of engineered metal nanoparticles (ENPs) on marine phytoplankton, important primary producers that support oceanic food webs. To overcome well-known difficulties of estimating ecologically meaningful toxicity parameters, we used novel Dynamic Energy Budget and Toxicodynamic (DEBtox) modeling techniques to evaluate impacts of ENPs on population growth rates...
February 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
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