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Pyoderma gangrenosum

Finja Jockenhöfer, Katharina Herberger, Jörg Schaller, Katja Christina Hohaus, Maren Stoffels-Weindorf, Philipp Al Ghazal, Matthias Augustin, Joachim Dissemond
INTRODUCTION: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare neutrophilic, ulcerative skin disease of largely unknown pathophysiology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, potentially relevant cofactors and comorbidities in patients with PG from three dermatological wound care centers in Germany were evaluated. RESULTS: Of the 121 patients assessed, women (66.9 %) were more frequently affected than men. Patient age ranged from 18 to 96 years (mean 59...
October 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Isao Horiuchi, Yuko Fukatsu, Junko Ushijima, Eishin Nakamura, Koki Samajima, Kanako Kadowaki, Kenjiro Takagi
Little is known about the influence of pregnancy on pyogenic sterile arthritis, pyoderma gangrenosum, acne (PAPA) syndrome. We experienced a rare case of pregnancy complicated with PAPA syndrome. The patient had various histories of skin and joint disorders and experienced subarachnoid hemorrhage during pregnancy; however, her skin lesion was unaffected.
October 2016: Clinical Case Reports
Hagit Peleg, Eldad Ben-Chetrit
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article addresses the prevalence and relationship between autoinflammatory diseases and vasculitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Autoimmune diseases (AIDs) are a group of syndromes characterized by episodes of unprovoked inflammation due to dysregulation of the innate immune system. Despite the common occurrence of rashes and other skin lesions in these diseases, vasculitis is reported in only a few. On the other hand, neutrophilic dermatoses are more prevalent...
October 13, 2016: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
Ting-Hua Yang, Chung-Hong Hu, Hsiou-Hsin Tsai
INTRODUCTION: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a neutrophilic dermatosis that may be associated with systemic diseases. The association of PG with lymphoid malignancies has rarely been reported. Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) is a rare but aggressive entity with a poor prognosis. Here, we report the case of a patient who had idiopathic PG refractory to systemic steroids and subsequently developed ENKTL. CASE REPORT: A 70-year-old man presented with a 2-month history of intermittent fever and multifocal painful papules, plaques, and ulcerations on his extremities...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sally R Wilkes, Hywel C Williams, Anthony D Ormerod, Fiona E Craig, Nicola Greenlaw, John Norrie, Eleanor J Mitchell, James M Mason, Kim S Thomas
BACKGROUND: Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare inflammatory skin condition. Two prospective studies have evaluated treatments for pyoderma gangrenosum using a primary outcome of healing speed at 6 weeks. OBJECTIVE: Using data from both studies we assessed the predictive value of 3 early predictors for healing at 6 months: speed of healing, Investigator Global Assessment (IGA), and resolution of inflammation, recorded at 2 and 6 weeks. METHODS: Logistic regression models were applied and the effectiveness of the 3 measures was assessed through estimating the positive and negative predictive values and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Wedad Abdelrahman, Maureen Y Walsh, Susannah E Hoey, Donal O'Kane
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare inflammatory neutrophilic dermatosis often misdiagnosed. It is uncommon in infants and children accounting for 4% of cases. A one-year-old male in paediatric ICU ventilated for bronchopneumonia was referred with ulcerated areas on his neck and axilla corresponding to sites of recent removal of central and arterial lines. Examination revealed areas of deep ulceration with violaceous undermined borders in keeping with PG. This was supported by a skin biopsy showing a neutrophilic infiltrate in the deeper dermis...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Ana Karina Alves de Medeiros, Reinhart Speeckaert, Eline Desmet, Mireille Van Gele, Sofie De Schepper, Jo Lambert
The recent interest and elucidation of the JAK/STAT signaling pathway created new targets for the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases (ISDs). JAK inhibitors in oral and topical formulations have shown beneficial results in psoriasis and alopecia areata. Patients suffering from other ISDs might also benefit from JAK inhibition. Given the development of specific JAK inhibitors, the expression patterns of JAKs in different ISDs needs to be clarified. We aimed to analyze the expression of JAK/STAT family members in a set of prevalent ISDs: psoriasis, lichen planus (LP), cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE), atopic dermatitis (AD), pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) and alopecia areata (AA) versus healthy controls for (p)JAK1, (p)JAK2, (p)JAK3, (p)TYK2, pSTAT1, pSTAT2 and pSTAT3...
2016: PloS One
Ricardo Luis Galimberti, Aldana Soledad Vacas, María Luz Bollea Garlatti, Ana Clara Torre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: JAAD Case Reports
Jennifer J Schoch, Stanislav N Tolkachjov, Jonathan A Cappel, Lawrence E Gibson, Dawn Marie R Davis
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a neutrophilic dermatosis rarely seen in children. Its features have not been well characterized in children. We sought to characterize the clinical features, etiologic associations, and treatment of PG in children younger than 18 years. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of children younger than 18 years with PG at the Mayo Clinic from January 1976 to August 2013. RESULTS: Thirteen children with PG were identified (n = 8; 62% female)...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
Martyna Sławińska, Wioletta Barańska-Rybak, Michał Sobjanek, Aleksandra Wilkowska, Andrzej Mital, Roman Nowicki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
Funda Tamer, Esra Adışen, Serhan Tuncer, Mehmet A Gurer
Pyoderma gangrenosum is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by painful cutaneous ulcers. The etiology remains unknown; however, pyoderma gangrenousm can be triggered by surgery. Here we report the case of a 34-year-old Caucasian female that developed pyoderma gangrenosum following deep inferior epigastric perforator flap breast reconstruction. The patient was successfully treated with systemic immunosuppressive therapy and primary closure.
September 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Maitrayee Saha, Bhawna Bhutoria Jain, Sarbani Chattopadhyay, Indrashis Podder
Mycosis fungoides (MF), a primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, accounts for <1% of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. The diagnosis of classic MF is based on a constellation of typical clinical presentation, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, and T-cell monoclonality detected by molecular studies. Rarely, atypical clinical presentation may occur. The typical immunohistochemical phenotype is, CD2 +ve, CD3 +ve, CD5 +ve, CD4 +ve, and CD8 - ve. Here, we report a rare case of CD8 +ve MF in a 43-year-male patient who was clinically diagnosed as pyoderma gangrenosum initially...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Rajini K Murthy, Jeremy Jackson, Walter Winn Chatham, Naveed Sami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
Derek S Anselmo, Marc Karpo, Ebony Love, Tracey Vlahovic
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The benefits of using amniotic tissue in skin regeneration are well documented. Today, cryopreservation technology allows for better availability and maintenance of mesenchymal stem cells. This is of particular interest in treating the diabetic foot ulcer as this population has fewer mesenchymal stem cells. The objective of this case series investigation was to compare the efficacy of cryopreserved human amniotic stem cells in treating foot wounds of different etiologies...
September 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Jürg Hafner
This review presents a closer look at four diseases which are probably closely related to one another pathophysiologically: (a) calciphylaxis (distal pattern); (b) calciphylaxis (proximal pattern); (c) Martorell hypertensive ischemic leg ulcer; (d) calciphylaxis with normal renal and parathyroid function (synonym: eutrophication). The four diseases have largely the same risk factors: (1) arterial hypertension, (2) diabetes mellitus (types 1 and 2), (3) secondary or tertiary hyperparathyroidism (in end-stage kidney disease) and (4) oral anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists...
September 14, 2016: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
Susan A Bobbitt, Ernst M Klaus, Elizabeth Stringer, Dhiman Chowdhury, Laura Finlayson
This report details the case of a 17-month old boy with refractory multifocal pyoderma gangrenosum responsive to anti-TNF therapy.
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Kaho Matsuda, Osamu Okamoto, Seiichi Sato, Ayako Gamachi, Hiroyuki Hashimoto
We herein report a severe case of pyoderma gangrenosum occurring in a burn patient and discuss the possibility of occult complications of this pathological state in daily treatment.
2016: Case Reports in Plastic Surgery & Hand Surgery
Tanmay Padhi, Swetalina Pradhan, Krupasindhu Pradhan, Suresh K Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Olivia B Hughes, Adele Rakosi, Flor Macquhae, Ingrid Herskovitz, Joshua D Fox, Robert S Kirsner
BACKGROUND: Wound healing is a dynamic process whereby cells, growth factors (GFs), and the extracellular matrix (ECM) interact to restore the architecture of damaged tissue. Chronic wounds can be difficult to treat due to the increased presence of inflammatory cells that degrade the ECM, GF, and cells necessary for wound healing to occur. Cellular and acellular matrix products can be used in the management of a variety of chronic wounds including venous, diabetic, and pressure ulcers and other conditions such as burns, epidermolysis bullosa, pyoderma gangrenosum, and surgical wounds...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Najeeba Riyaz, Vineetha Mary, Sarita Sasidharanpillai, Riyaz A Roshin, Ottakandathil Snigdha, Ettappurath N Abdul Latheef, Saleem Rahima, Valiaveetil Bindu, Ravindran N Anupama, Deepthi N Sureshan, Pentam Veil Beegum Sherjeena
BACKGROUND: Pyoderma gangrenosum is a neutrophilic dermatosis of unknown etiology, with inconstant systemic associations and a variable prognosis. AIMS: To study the clinical features and systemic associations of pyoderma gangrenosum and its response to treatment. METHODS: All patients diagnosed to have pyoderma gangrenosum at the dermatology department of the Government Medical College, Kozhikode, from January 01, 2005 to December 31, 2014 were included in this prospective study...
August 22, 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
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