Read by QxMD icon Read

Health coach

Steffen Eychmüller, Sibylle Felber
Anticipation at the end of life - a critical appraisal for the clinical practice Abstract. Advance planning or anticipation in health care is based on prognosis, and that is no more (and no less) than dealing with probabilities. Knowledge about prognostic factors in medicine is needed here, and competencies how to communicate it. In medicine, advance planning is currently more and more regarded as an elementary right as an expression of the implementation of patient autonomy - but what content can or must be discussed and defined? The terminology on the subject of "advance planning" is inconsistent both nationally and internationally...
July 2018: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Brian G Danaher, John R Seeley, Elizabeth A Stormshak, Milagra S Tyler, Allison S Caruthers, Kevin J Moore, Lucia Cardenas
BACKGROUND: Research has established that skillful family management during adolescence protects youth from a variety of mental health and behavioral problems. Interventions associated with this research have focused on parenting skills as the mediator that links early risk factors with a profile of later behavioral risk, including problem behavior, substance use, and school failure. Fortunately, positive changes in family management skills have been linked to meaningful improvements in adolescent behavior, and these improvements have been significant across a variety of cultural groups...
July 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Sandra Mudhune, Sydney Chauwa Phiri, Marta R Prescott, Elizabeth A McCarthy, Aaron Banda, Prudence Haimbe, Francis Dien Mwansa, Angel Mwiche, Francis Bwalya, Micheck Kabamba, Hilda Shakwelele, Margaret L Prust
BACKGROUND: A strong evidence base exists regarding routine and emergency services that can effectively prevent or reduce maternal and new-born mortality. However, even when skilled providers care for women in labour, many of the recommended services are not provided, despite being available. Barriers to the provision of appropriate childbirth services may include lack of availability of supplies, limited health worker knowledge and confidence, or inadequate time. The WHO Safe Childbirth Checklist (SCC) includes reminders for evidenced-based practices at specific points in the childbirth process...
July 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
Suzanne Giuffre, Elizabeth Domholdt, Jane Keehan
Improving the health of populations is critical to meeting global health targets. The purpose of this article is to define population health and differentiate it from related concepts and introduce a framework that can be used to inform the population-based practice of physical therapists. The Population-Based Practice (PBP) Framework is modified from the Public Health Nursing Intervention Wheel and can be used to understand levels (i.e., systems, community, and individual) and types (i.e., screening and outreach, referral and follow-up, health teaching and coaching, consultation and collaboration, advocacy and policy development, and social marketing) of population-based practice...
July 18, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Julia S Malmborg, M Charlotte Olsson, Stefan Bergman, Ann Bremander
Objectives: In youth sports, musculoskeletal pain is often studied from the standpoint of sports injuries, but little is known about pain conditions in which athletes still participate. The aim was to study the frequency of pain and associations with maturity offset, health status and sports performance in 14-year-old sport school students. Methods: Cross-sectional design. One hundred and seventy-eight students (108 boys and 70 girls) completed anthropometric measures for maturity offset (height, weight and sitting height), questionnaires (pain mannequin and EQ-5D for health status) and sports performance tests (sprint, agility, counter-movement jump and grip strength)...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
Erin M Hegarty, Erianne Weight, Johna K Register-Mihalik
Background: The rate of depression among collegiate athletes ranges from 16% to 23%, with particularly high findings of prevalence in track and field athletes (34%). Collegiate athletes have also been found to underuse mental health resources. Given this high prevalence of depression and demonstrated reluctance to seek help, it is important to explore the awareness and understanding of depression among the individuals who work most closely with this population. Objective: To assess coaches' knowledge and awareness of depression among their athletes and describe their level of interest in receiving continuing education...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
David R Clark, Michael I Lambert, Angus M Hunter
BACKGROUND: Core stability training has grown in popularity over 25 years, initially for back pain prevention or therapy. Subsequently, it developed as a mode of exercise training for health, fitness and sport. The scientific basis for traditional core stability exercise has recently been questioned and challenged, especially in relation to dynamic athletic performance. Reviews have called for clarity on what constitutes anatomy and function of the core, especially in healthy and uninjured people...
July 16, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
Emma Chad-Friedman, Melanie Pearsall, Kathleen M Miller, Amy E Wheeler, John W Denninger, Darshan H Mehta, Michelle L Dossett
Background: Stress and obesity are interrelated and common among low-income adults. Mind-body interventions have been shown to reduce psychological distress and have been incorporated into many weight loss interventions. However, few of these programs have incorporated a telephone coaching component. Objective: We designed and piloted a novel weight loss telephone coaching intervention for this population and examined its effectiveness on weight loss and improvements in health behaviors in obese community health center patients...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
Daniel Freeman, Polly Haselton, Jason Freeman, Bernhard Spanlang, Sameer Kishore, Emily Albery, Megan Denne, Poppy Brown, Mel Slater, Alecia Nickless
BACKGROUND: Engaging, interactive, and automated virtual reality (VR) treatments might help solve the unmet needs of individuals with mental health disorders. We tested the efficacy of an automated cognitive intervention for fear of heights guided by an avatar virtual coach (animated using motion and voice capture of an actor) in VR and delivered with the latest consumer equipment. METHODS: We did a randomised trial of automated VR versus usual care. We recruited adults aged older than 18 years with a fear of heights by radio advertisements in Oxfordshire, UK...
July 11, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
Lizzy Mm Boots, Marjolein E de Vugt, Gertrudis Ijm Kempen, Frans Rj Verhey
BACKGROUND: The benefits of electronic health support for dementia caregivers are increasingly recognized. Reaching caregivers of people with early-stage dementia could prevent high levels of burden and psychological problems in the later stages. OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluates the effectiveness of the blended care self-management program, Partner in Balance, compared to a control group. METHODS: A single-blind randomized controlled trial with 81 family caregivers of community-dwelling people with mild dementia was conducted...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Nicole M Gastala, Peter M Wingrove, Anne H Gaglioti, Winston Liaw, Andrew Bazemore
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Team-based care with health coaches has improved the quality and cost effectiveness of chronic disease management and prevention. Clinical health coaches partner with patients to identify health goals, create action plans, overcome barriers to change, reinforce physician recommendations, and coordinate care. It is important to train resident physicians to practice in team-based settings. To date, there have been no studies of resident family physician exposure to health coaches...
July 2018: Family Medicine
Phyllis L Carr, Deborah Helitzer, Karen Freund, Alyssa Westring, Richard McGee, Patricia B Campbell, Christine V Wood, Amparo Villablanca
BACKGROUND: In response to the landmark report "Beyond Bias and Barriers: Fulfilling the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering," the NIH Office of Research on Women's Health issued a request for applications that funded 14 R01 grants to investigate causal factors to career success for women in STEM. Following completion of the 4-year grants, the grant PIs formed a grassroots collaborative, the Research Partnership on Women in Science Careers. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the work of the Research Partnership, which resulted in over 100 publications...
July 12, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Ryan J Coller, Thomas S Klitzner, Carlos F Lerner, Bergen B Nelson, Lindsey R Thompson, Qianqian Zhao, Adrianna A Saenz, Siem Ia, Jessica Flores-Vazquez, Paul J Chung
OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine the effect of a caregiver coaching intervention, Plans for Action and Care Transitions (PACT), on hospital use among children with medical complexity (CMC) within a complex care medical home at an urban tertiary medical center. METHODS: PACT was an 18-month caregiver coaching intervention designed to influence key drivers of hospitalizations: (1) recognizing critical symptoms and conducting crisis plans and (2) supporting comprehensive hospital transitions...
July 11, 2018: Pediatrics
Ianthe Boden, Kate Sullivan, Claire Hackett, Brooke Winzer, Rebecca Lane, Melissa McKinnon, Iain Robertson
Background: Postoperative complications and delayed physical recovery are significant problems following emergency abdominal surgery. Physiotherapy aims to aid recovery and prevent complications in the acute phase after surgery and is commonplace in most first-world hospitals. Despite ubiquitous service provision, no well-designed, adequately powered, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial has investigated the effect of physiotherapy on the incidence of respiratory complications, paralytic ileus, rate of physical recovery, ongoing need for formal sub-acute rehabilitation, hospital length of stay, health-related quality of life, and mortality following emergency abdominal surgery...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Andrea Morris, Christine Imms, Claire Kerr, Brooke Adair
PURPOSE: Short-term physical activity programs may encourage adolescents with cerebral palsy to participate in physical activity but how to sustain their involvement is not well known. This qualitative study aimed to identify facilitators that successfully sustain physical activity participation by adolescents with cerebral palsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adolescents (12-18 years) with cerebral palsy [Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels I-V, without moderate-severe intellectual disability] who participated in regular physical activity were eligible, as well as one parent and an individual who facilitated their physical activity...
July 10, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Zachary Y Kerr, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Emily Kroshus, Vivian Go, Paula Gildner, K Hunter Byrd, Stephen W Marshall
Behavioral interventions to increase disclosure and proper management of concussion in youth sports have unrealized potential when it comes to preventing concussion. Interventions have focused on changing individual athlete behavior and have fallen short of the potential for sustained systemic behavioral change. One potentially critical reason for this shortfall is that other key determinants of risk behaviors at all levels of the socio-ecological model (e.g. interpersonal, community, policy) are not addressed in extant programming...
July 9, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
Carl Joakim Brandt, Gabrielle Isidora Søgaard, Jane Clemensen, Jens Søndergaard, Jesper Bo Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Success with lifestyle change, such as weight loss, tobacco cessation, and increased activity level, using electronic health (eHealth) has been demonstrated in numerous studies short term. However, evidence on how to maintain the effect long-term has not been fully explored, even though there is a pressing need for long-term solutions. Recent studies indicate that weight loss can be achieved and maintained over 12 and 20 months in a primary care setting using a collaborative eHealth tool...
July 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Sara Kim, Elise Frans, Isaac Bohannon, Karen Barr, Elizabeth Buttrick, Ryan Fehr, Sarah E Shannon
BACKGROUND: Unresolved conflicts in health care threaten both clinician morale and quality of patient care. We piloted a training model that targeted clinicians' conflict resolution skills. METHODS: Sixty clinicians from local hospitals were randomized into an intervention group (n = 30), completing a 3-hour conflict resolution training session, and a control group (n = 30) without training. The training included facilitated practice with actors, coaching, and feedback...
July 2018: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
Marjorie Bowman, Sarah St Cyr, Adrienne Stolf I
OBJECTIVE: To understand how health-care providers' (HCPs) religious preferences influence their willingness to undertake advance care planning (ACP) with patients and their acceptance of other HCP's involvement. METHODS: Online anonymous survey distributed to HCPs in hospital, ambulatory offices, and hospice settings in Dayton, Ohio. We evaluated the associations of HCP religion with their personal ACP, willingness to facilitate ACP, and acceptance of other HCPs' ACP participation...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Francesca S Cardwell, Susan J Elliott
Physical activity can reduce symptoms and improve wellbeing in people who have asthma, and organized sport is one way for children and youth with asthma to engage in exercise. While asthmatic youth may experience a number of barriers to sport participation, healthy physical and social sport environments supported by coaches can help asthmatic youth athletes maintain long-term engagement in activity. This paper reports results of an assessment of an online coach education tool related to air quality, physical activity, and allergic disease (e...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"