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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429642/selected-weight-management-interventions-for-military-populations-in-the-united-states-a-narrative-report
#1
Jessica Murray, Basil H Aboul-Enein, Joshua Bernstein, Joanna Kruk
Overweight and obesity continues to be a significant public health burden in the US and particularly among military personnel. Although the US Department of Defense mandates standardized physical activity requirements for military members, incidence and prevalence of overweight and obesity among military personnel continue to increase. Each military department controls their own interventional strategies for physical fitness and weight control. However, unique challenges such as geographic transients, lack of central standardization and empirical efficacy data across military departments, and chronic stress associated with military service adversely affect program outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429078/-telephone-coaching-for-depression
#2
W Gerlach-Reinholz, L Drop, E Basic, M Rauchhaus, J Fritze
BACKGROUND: Depression is associated with a substantial utilization of resources in the German healthcare system. A typical symptom in depression is loss of drive, which possibly contributes to non-adherence and increased costs. OBJECTIVE: The study is based on routine healthcare data and tested the hypothesis that telephone coaching in cases of depression leads to a reduction in total healthcare costs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Based on approximately 80 covariates and using propensity score matching, a total of 1586 persons who had received telephone coaching for depression and covered by a German statutory health insurance fund were matched to a comparable cohort of patients with depression to whom telephone coaching had not been provided...
April 20, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423164/triple-aim-in-canada-developing-capacity-to-lead-to-better-health-care-and-cost
#3
Elina Farmanova, Christine Kirvan, Jennifer Verma, Geetha Mukerji, Nurdin Akunov, Kaye Phillips, Stephen Samis
Quality problem: Many modern health systems strive for 'Triple Aim' (TA)-better health for populations, improved experience of care for patients and lower costs of the system, but note challenges in implementation. Outcomes of applying TA as a quality improvement framework (QI) have started to be realized with early lessons as to why some systems make progress while others do not. Initial assessment: Limited evidence is available as to how organizations create the capacity and infrastructure required to design, implement, evaluate and sustain TA systems...
December 1, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420376/workflow-standardization-of-a-novel-team-care-model-to-improve-chronic-care-a-quasi-experimental-study
#4
Laura Panattoni, Lily Hurlimann, Caroline Wilson, Meg Durbin, Ming Tai-Seale
BACKGROUND: Team-based chronic care models have not been widely adopted in community settings, partly due to their varying effectiveness in randomized control trials, implementation challenges, and concerns about physician acceptance. The Palo Alto Medical Foundation designed and implemented "Champion," a novel team-based model that includes new standard work (e.g. proactive patient outreach, pre-visit schedule grooming, depression screening, care planning, health coaching) to support patients' self-management of hypertension and diabetes...
April 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419621/the-feasibility-acceptability-and-outcomes-of-prime-d-a-novel-mobile-intervention-treatment-for-depression
#5
Danielle A Schlosser, Timothy R Campellone, Brandy Truong, Joaquin A Anguera, Silvia Vergani, Sophia Vinogradov, Patricia Arean
BACKGROUND: Despite decades of research and development, depression has risen from the fifth to the leading cause of disability in the United States. Barriers to progress in the field are (1) poor access to high-quality care; (2) limited mental health workforce; and (3) few providers trained in the delivery of evidence-based treatments (EBTs). Although mobile platforms are being developed to give consumers greater access to high-quality care, too often these tools do not have empirical support for their effectiveness...
April 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414882/the-effect-of-a-faith-community-nurse-network-and-public-health-collaboration-on-hypertension-prevention-and-control
#6
Jennifer Cooper, Wendy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: As part of the Association of State and Territorial Health Official's Million Hearts State Learning Collaborative in 2014 and 2015, Washington County, Maryland formed a collaboration between the local health department, health system and faith community nurse network to address the undiagnosed and uncontrolled hypertension in the county. OBJECTIVES: Data were analyzed to determine the effect of a faith community nursing intervention of teaching blood pressure self-monitoring and coaching blood pressure and lifestyle changes in the at-risk and hypertensive population...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408361/design-of-a-mobile-app-for-nutrition-education-trec-lifestyle-and-formative-evaluation-with-families-of-overweight-children
#7
Silvia Gabrielli, Marco Dianti, Rosa Maimone, Marta Betta, Lorena Filippi, Monica Ghezzi, Stefano Forti
BACKGROUND: Nutrition and diet apps represent today a popular area of mobile health (mHealth), offering the possibility of delivering behavior change (BC) interventions for healthy eating and weight management in a scalable and cost-effective way. However, if commercial apps for pediatric weight management fail to retain users because of a lack of theoretical background and evidence-based content, mHealth apps that are more evidence-based are found less engaging and popular among consumers...
April 13, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401656/improving-access-to-better-care-for-people-with-knee-and-or-hip-pain-service-evaluation-of-allied-health-professional-led-primary-care
#8
A Walker, R Williams, F Sibley, D Stamp, A Carter, M Hurley
INTRODUCTION: Chronic knee and hip pain is prevalent, impairing mobility, function and quality of life. Allied health professions (AHPs) are better trained and have more time than general practitioners in primary care to advise and support people to adopt healthier lifestyles (maintain healthy weight, increase physical activity) that reduce joint pain. We evaluated whether AHP-led primary care delivering person-centred, practical lifestyle coaching was a feasible, effective way to manage chronic knee and/or hip pain...
April 12, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398986/living-with-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#9
Merete B Bjerrum, Preben U Pedersen, Palle Larsen
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) relates to four dimensions of behavior: inattentiveness, restlessness, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Symptoms affect multiple areas of daily life such as academic performance and social functioning. Despite the negative effects of ADHD, people diagnosed with ADHD do not necessarily regard themselves as being impaired. However, it is unclear how adults with ADHD experience and manage their symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To identify and synthesize the best available evidence on how adults experience living with ADHD...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388288/athlete-information-sources-about-dietary-supplements-a-review-of-extant-research
#10
Bryan E Denham
In the United States, the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA) classified dietary supplements as a subcategory of food, exempting manufacturers from providing pre-market evidence of product safety and efficacy. Under DSHEA, agencies such as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) cannot inspect supplements until after the products have entered the marketplace. Recognizing that both limited resources and DSHEA prevent the FDA from conducting broad-based inspections on a regular basis, disreputable manufacturers have spiked products with drugs such as anabolic steroids and amphetamines...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387559/legal-aspects-of-concussion-the-ever-evolving-standard-of-care
#11
Steven Pachman, Adria Lamba
Today, when an athlete is catastrophically injured while playing a sport, litigation often follows. The likelihood of litigation is even greater in the event of a head injury, especially when the athlete can allege that a prior concussion somehow contributed to the current injury. Whether the potential defendants in these lawsuits, such as schools, coaches, athletic trainers, and other health care professionals, actually face legal liability depends on whether they are deemed to have conformed to the standard of care...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384237/short-and-long-term-effects-of-a-need-supportive-physical-activity-intervention-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#12
Jari Vanroy, Jan Seghers, An Bogaerts, Karlien Devloo, Stijn De Cock, Filip Boen
OBJECTIVE: This pilot trial evaluated the short- and long-term effects of a six-week need-supportive physical activity (PA) intervention among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, on health-related (HbA1c and physical fitness) and behavioral (objectively-measured and self-reported PA) outcomes. METHODS: To support the basic psychological needs for autonomy, relatedness and competence, the intervention included one in- and outtake session with a PA coach, an individualized PA program and a weekly PA group session...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384006/the-effect-of-a-mind-body-intervention-on-mental-health-and-coping-self-efficacy-in-hiv-infected-individuals-a-feasibility-study
#13
Lotte Oerneborg Rodkjaer, Tinne Laursen, Kirsten Seeberg, Marc Drouin, Heinrich Johansen, Charlotte Dyrehave, Bo Langhoff Hønge, Lars Ostergaard
OBJECTIVES: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a stressful disease, and depression is the most common form of psychologic distress experienced by those infected. The aim of this study was to further develop and validate a mind-body intervention to improve coping self-efficacy strategies and increase mental health. DESIGN: Feasibility study, a randomized trial. Participants were assigned into two blocks (female/male) and simple randomization in a 1:1 ratio was performed within each block to one of two arms (1) intervention group, (2) control group who received usual care...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376437/a-qualitative-study-of-how-health-coaches-support-patients-in-making-health-related-decisions-and-behavioral-changes
#14
David H Thom, Jessica Wolf, Heather Gardner, Denise DeVore, Michael Lin, Andy Ma, Ana Ibarra-Castro, George Saba
PURPOSE: Although health coaches are a growing resource for supporting patients in making health decisions, we know very little about the experience of health. We undertook a qualitative study of how health coaches support patients in making decisions and implementing changes to improve their health. METHODS: We conducted 6 focus groups (3 in Spanish and 3 in English) with 25 patients and 5 friends or family members, followed by individual interviews with 42 patients, 17 family members, 17 health coaches, and 20 clinicians...
November 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376310/improving-patient-s-home-cooking-a-case-series-of-participation-in-a-remote-culinary-coaching-program
#15
Rani Polak, David M Pober, Maggi A Budd, Julie K Silver, Edward M Phillips, Martin J Abrahamson
This case series describes and examines the outcomes of a remote culinary coaching program, aimed at improving nutrition through home cooking. Participants (n=4) improved attitudes about the perceived ease of home cooking (p<0.01) and self-efficacy to perform various culinary skills (p=0.02); and also in confidence to continue e-learning culinary skills and consume healthier food. We believe this program might be a viable response to the need for effective and scalable health related culinary interventions...
April 4, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375649/objective-assessment-of-surgical-technical-skill-and-competency-in-the-operating-room
#16
S Swaroop Vedula, Masaru Ishii, Gregory D Hager
Training skillful and competent surgeons is critical to ensure high quality of care and to minimize disparities in access to effective care. Traditional models to train surgeons are being challenged by rapid advances in technology, an intensified patient-safety culture, and a need for value-driven health systems. Simultaneously, technological developments are enabling capture and analysis of large amounts of complex surgical data. These developments are motivating a "surgical data science" approach to objective computer-aided technical skill evaluation (OCASE-T) for scalable, accurate assessment; individualized feedback; and automated coaching...
March 27, 2017: Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361573/effects-of-time-of-day-on-oxidative-stress-cardiovascular-parameters-biochemical-markers-and-hormonal-response-following-level-1-yo-yo-intermittent-recovery-test
#17
K Aloui, S Abedelmalek, H Chtourou, D P Wong, N Boussetta, N Souissi
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of time-of-day on oxidative stress, cardiovascular parameters, muscle damage parameters, and hormonal responses following the level-1 Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test (YYIRT). A total of 11 healthy subjects performed an intermittent test (YYIRT) at two times-of-day (i.e., 07:00 h and 17:00 h), with a recovery period of ≥36 h in-between, in a randomized order. Blood samples were taken at the rest (baseline) and immediately (post-YYIRT) after the YYIRT for measuring oxidative stress, biochemical markers, and hormonal response...
March 1, 2017: Physiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353500/how-can-medical-students-add-value-identifying-roles-barriers-and-strategies-to-advance-the-value-of-undergraduate-medical-education-to-patient-care-and-the-health-system
#18
Jed D Gonzalo, Michael Dekhtyar, Richard E Hawkins, Daniel R Wolpaw
PURPOSE: As health systems evolve, the education community is seeking to reimagine student roles that combine learning with meaningful contributions to patient care. The authors sought to identify potential stakeholders regarding the value of student work, and roles and tasks students could perform to add value to the health system, including key barriers and associated strategies to promote value-added roles in undergraduate medical education. METHOD: In 2016, 32 U...
March 28, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351374/working-memory-training-in-children-with-neuropsychiatric-disorders-and-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-functioning-the-role-of-coaching-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Sammy Roording-Ragetlie, Helen Klip, Jan Buitelaar, Dorine Slaats-Willemse
BACKGROUND: Working memory training (WMT) has been shown to offer therapeutic benefits to both patients with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and patients with mild to borderline Intellectual Disabilities (MBID; 60 < IQ < 85). However, robust evidence for transfer effects and treatment benefits of WMT over placebo training are lacking. Owing to the nature of double-blind research designs in RCTs, children have received non-specific coaching not based on their actual training performance...
March 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350313/improving-the-reach-of-the-national-diabetes-prevention-program-within-a-health-disparities-population-a-bronx-new-york-pilot-project-crossing-health-and-community-based-sectors
#20
Robert Morrow, Lisa Ferretti, Chris Norwood, Douglas Reich, Erica Chito-Childs, Phillip McCallion, Jose Tiburcio, Eleanor McGee, Jose A Lopez
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes affects upward of 30% of South Bronx residents. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Diabetes Prevention Program (NDPP) reduces risk of progression to diabetes, yet implementation has been elusive within health disparities populations. METHODS: This community-based, collaborative project piloted the NDPP in the South Bronx and evaluated implementation challenges and enablers. The New York State training group prepared community peer lifestyle coaches recruited by a community organization...
October 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
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