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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315912/anatomical-prosection-practices-in-the-occupational-therapy-degree-student-anxiety-levels-and-academic-effectiveness
#1
Carmen Romo-Barrientos, Juan José Criado-Álvarez, Maria Teresa Gil-Ruiz, Jaime González-González, Marta Rodríguez-Hernández, Ana Isabel Corregidor-Sánchez, Isabel Ubeda-Bañon, Alicia Flores-Cuadrado, Alicia Mohedano-Moriano, Begoña Polonio-López
CONTEXT: The practice of anatomical dissection and/or prosection on human cadavers is an essential component of human anatomy training programmes. However, this activity can be stressful for inexperienced students when exposed to cadavers for the first time, and it may generate high anxiety levels. The aims of this study are threefold: 1) To analyse the thoughts and feelings of first-year students of the Occupational Therapy degree about prosection practices; 2) to examine their anxiety levels in relation to these practices; and 3) to evaluate how useful and effective they are as an educational tool for anatomy training...
October 10, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315908/cerebral-blood-volume-changes-during-the-bold-post-stimulus-undershoot-measured-with-a-combined-normoxia-hyperoxia-method
#2
Eulanca Y Liu, Frank Haist, David J Dubowitz, Richard B Buxton
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) and blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signal measurements make it possible to estimate steady-state changes in the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2 ) with a calibrated BOLD method. However, extending this approach to measure the dynamics of CMRO2 requires an additional assumption: that deoxygenated cerebral blood volume (CBVdHb ) follows CBF in a predictable way. A test-case for this assumption is the BOLD post-stimulus undershoot, for which one proposed explanation is a strong uncoupling of flow and blood volume with an elevated level of CBVdHb during the post-stimulus period compared to baseline due to slow blood volume recovery (Balloon Model)...
October 10, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314581/do-workplace-based-mindfulness-meditation-programs-improve-physiological-indices-of-stress-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Rachael A Heckenberg, Pennie Eddy, Stephen Kent, Bradley J Wright
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) have been related with improved job satisfaction, wellbeing, health, and reduced workplace stress with employees. However, until now, synthesis of the evidence of the effect of MBIs on physiological indices associated with stress and ill-health has been lacking. Therefore the current systematic review aimed to synthesise the literature from employee samples to provide guidance for future investigations in terms of which physiological indicators and biological systems may be most impacted by MBIs...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312273/coronal-imbalance-in-adult-spinal-deformity-following-posterior-spinal-fusion-with-instrument-a-related-parameters-analysis
#4
Zifang Zhang, Kai Song, Bing Wu, Pengfei Chi, Zhaohan Wang, Zheng Wang
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective radiographic study. OBJECTIVE: To explore the radiological parameters which correlated to postoperative immediately coronal imbalance in adult spinal deformity (ASD) and to determine whether preoperative coronal imbalance affects postoperative coronal imbalance following posterior multi-level fusion with instruments and osteotomy operation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There was paucity of literature paying attention to the postoperative immediately coronal imbalance after operation...
October 11, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312099/observation-of-photon-droplets-and-their-dynamics
#5
Kali E Wilson, Niclas Westerberg, Manuel Valiente, Callum W Duncan, Ewan M Wright, Patrik Öhberg, Daniele Faccio
We present experimental evidence of photon droplets in an attractive (focusing) nonlocal nonlinear medium. Photon droplets are self-bound, finite-sized states of light that are robust to size and shape perturbations due to a balance of competing attractive and repulsive forces. It has recently been shown theoretically, via a multipole expansion of the nonlocal nonlinearity, that the self-bound state arises due to competition between the s-wave and d-wave nonlinear terms, together with diffraction. The theoretical photon droplet framework encompasses both a solitonlike stationary ground state and the nonsolitonlike dynamics that ensue when the system is displaced from equilibrium, i...
September 28, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311504/the-self-efficacy-of-certified-athletic-trainers-in-assessing-and-managing-sport-related-concussions
#6
Jennifer L Savage, Tracey Covassin
CONTEXT:  Diagnostic and return-to-play assessments of athletes with sport-related concussions (SRCs) have changed dramatically over the past decade. Currently, SRC assessment and management has taken a multifaceted approach, with new SRC measures being developed yearly. However, to date, no researchers have examined certified athletic trainers' (ATs') self-efficacy in assessing and managing a patient with an SRC. OBJECTIVE:  To examine the self-efficacy of ATs in assessing and managing athletes with SRCs, with a secondary purpose of examining job setting (high school and college)...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311398/ecological-validity-of-social-interaction-tests-in-rats-and-mice
#7
REVIEW
Kacper Kondrakiewicz, Mateusz Kostecki, Weronika Szadzińska, Ewelina Knapska
Different rat and mouse models are used in studies of social interactions. Simple behavioral measures, which are commonly used in the laboratory, allow to perform relatively short experiments and use multiple brain manipulation techniques. However, too much focus on the simplest behavioral models generates a serious risk of reducing ecological validity or even studying phenomena which would never happen outside of the laboratory. In this review, we discuss the suitability of mice and rats as model organisms for studying social behaviors, with focus on social transmission of fear paradigms...
October 11, 2018: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30310065/charging-dynamics-of-an-individual-nanopore
#8
Ran Tivony, Sam Safran, Philip Pincus, Gilad Silbert, Jacob Klein
Meso-porous electrodes (pore width « 1 µm) are a central component in electrochemical energy storage devices and related technologies, based on the capacitive nature of electric double-layers at their surfaces. This requires that such charging, limited by ion transport within the pores, is attained over the device operation time. Here we measure directly electric double layer charging within individual nano-slits, formed between gold and mica surfaces in a surface force balance, by monitoring transient surface forces in response to an applied electric potential...
October 11, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30309912/work-life-balance-behaviours-cluster-in-work-settings-and-relate-to-burnout-and-safety-culture-a-cross-sectional-survey-analysis
#9
Stephanie P Schwartz, Kathryn C Adair, Jonathan Bae, Kyle J Rehder, Tait D Shanafelt, Jochen Profit, J Bryan Sexton
BACKGROUND: Healthcare is approaching a tipping point as burnout and dissatisfaction with work-life integration (WLI) in healthcare workers continue to increase. A scale evaluating common behaviours as actionable examples of WLI was introduced to measure work-life balance. OBJECTIVES: (1) Explore differences in WLI behaviours by role, specialty and other respondent demographics in a large healthcare system. (2) Evaluate the psychometric properties of the work-life climate scale, and the extent to which it acts like a climate, or group-level norm when used at the work setting level...
October 11, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30309627/meta-analysis-of-bleeding-risk-prediction-scores-in-patients-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-on-dual-antiplatelet-therapy
#10
Stephanie Q Ko, Linda R Valsdottir, Jordan B Strom, Yu-Chen Cheng, Atsushi Hirayama, Po-Hong Liu, Naoki Yanagisawa, Hsuan Yen, Changyu Shen, Robert W Yeh
The duration and type of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) prescribed to patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) involves carefully balancing reduced ischemia and increased bleeding risk for individual patients. Whereas multiple bleeding risk scores exist, the performance of these models to predict long-term bleeding in the setting of DAPT across different settings and populations is unclear. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the performance of current bleeding risk prediction scores for predicting major long-term bleeding events in patients on DAPT post-PCI...
September 8, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30309441/an-algorithm-for-improving-hospital-performance-measures-a-department-centered-approach
#11
Ziv Gil, Shuli Brammli-Greenberg
In recent years, it has become increasingly important to improve efficiency and economic balance in hospitals. The department chairperson (or Chair) contends with a production function consisting of inputs and outcomes, rife with managerial constraints. These constraints can be reduced with proper management by diverting resources and activity. Lack of a proper management algorithm at the department level is a significant impediment to improving operational efficiency in hospitals without significant additional costs...
October 4, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308878/shade-trees-have-higher-impact-on-soil-nutrient-availability-and-food-web-in-organic-than-conventional-coffee-agroforestry
#12
Marie Sauvadet, Karel Van den Meersche, Clémentine Allinne, Fréderic Gay, Elias de Melo Virginio Filho, Matthieu Chauvat, Thierry Becquer, Philippe Tixier, Jean-Michel Harmand
Conventional, intensively managed coffee plantations are currently facing environmental challenges. The use of shade trees and the organic management of coffee crops are welcome alternatives, aiming to reduce synthetic inputs and restore soil biological balance. However, little is known about the impacts of the different types of shade tree species on soil functioning and fauna. In this paper, we assess soil nutrient availability and food web structure on a 17-year old experimental coffee plantation in Turrialba in Costa Rica...
February 1, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308553/agreement-of-radiographic-measurements-and-patient-reported-outcome-in-61-patients-with-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease-at-mean-follow-up-of-28-years
#13
Yasmin D Hailer, Eva Penno
It is unclear how patient-reported outcome in patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) is correlated with radiographic outcome. It was therefore the aim of our long-term follow-up to evaluate the agreement of patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) with radiographic outcome in patients with a history of unilateral LCPD and a femoral head involvement of more than 50%. We further investigated to what extent the functional outcome (range of motion and Trendelenburg sign) correlates with PROM and radiographic outcome...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308334/comparison-of-simultaneous-static-standing-balance-data-on-a-pressure-mat-and-force-plate-in-typical-children-and-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#14
Christina Bickley, Judith Linton, Elroy Sullivan, Katy Mitchell, Greg Slota, Douglas Barnes
BACKGROUND: Balance testing is an important component in treatment planning and outcome assessment for children with Cerebral Palsy (CP). Objective measurement for static standing balance is typically conducted in motion labs utilizing force plates; however, a plantar pressure mat may prove to be a viable alternative for this type of balance assessment. METHODS: This study examined static standing balance simultaneously on a force plate and a plantar pressure mat in 30 typically developing (TD) and 30 children with CP to determine if valid measures of static standing balance could be obtained in children with CP using a pressure mat...
August 16, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307213/associative-desorption-of-hydrogen-isotopologues-from-copper-surfaces-characterization-of-two-reaction-mechanisms
#15
Sven Kaufmann, Quan Shuai, Daniel J Auerbach, Dirk Schwarzer, Alec M Wodtke
We report quantum-state resolved measurements of angular and velocity distributions of the associative desorption of H2 , HD, and D2 from Cu(111) and Cu(211) surfaces. The desorbing molecules have bimodal velocity distributions comprising a "fast" channel and a "slow" channel on both facets. The "fast channel" is promoted by both hydrogen incidence translational and vibrational energy, while the "slow channel" is promoted by vibrational energy but inhibited by translational energy...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307025/spino-pelvic-alignment-balance-and-functional-disability-in-patients-with-low-grade-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis
#16
Chien-Yi Chuang, Mei-Yun Liaw, Lin-Yi Wang, Yu-Chi Huang, Ya-Ping Pong, Chien-Wei Chen, Re-Wen Wu, Yiu-Chung Lau
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationships among spino-pelvic parameters, trunk balance and functional disability in patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. DESIGN:  Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: Forty-five patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis and 32 patients without degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. METHODS: Spino-pelvic parameters (pelvic incidence, pelvic tilt, sacral slope, lumbar lordosis) and pain severity were evaluated...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306986/engineering-more-stable-proteins
#17
Romas Kazlauskas
Protein function requires the folded protein form, but this form is unstable mainly because it readily unfolds into a flexible, unstructured form. Protein folding is favored by burying of hydrophobic side chains and hydrogen bonding between the amino acids. Protein unfolding is favored by the increase in conformational freedom of the main chain of amino acids upon unfolding. Protein stability is usually measured by the reversible unfolding of the protein with either heat or chemical additives like urea. Engineering mores stable proteins involves making substitutions that shift the folding-unfolding balance toward the folded form...
October 11, 2018: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306546/dietary-modifications-for-infantile-colic
#18
REVIEW
Morris Gordon, Elena Biagioli, Miriam Sorrenti, Carla Lingua, Lorenzo Moja, Shel Sc Banks, Simone Ceratto, Francesco Savino
BACKGROUND: Infantile colic is typically defined as full-force crying for at least three hours per day, on at least three days per week, for at least three weeks. This condition appears to be more frequent in the first six weeks of life (prevalence range of 17% to 25%), depending on the specific location reported and definitions used, and it usually resolves by three months of age. The aetiopathogenesis of infantile colic is unclear but most likely multifactorial. A number of psychological, behavioural and biological components (food hypersensitivity, allergy or both; gut microflora and dysmotility) are thought to contribute to its manifestation...
October 10, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306264/functioning-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-neuropathy-associated-with-anti-mag-antibodies
#19
Yuri M Falzone, Marta Campagnolo, Mariangela Bianco, Patrizia Dacci, Daniele Martinelli, Marta Ruiz, Silvia Bocci, Federica Cerri, Angelo Quattrini, Giancarlo Comi, Luana Benedetti, Fabio Giannini, Giuseppe Lauria, Eduardo Nobile-Orazio, Chiara Briani, Raffaella Fazio, Nilo Riva
Although anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) antibody neuropathy is reported as a slowly progressive disease, it can lead to significant disability and impairment of health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) and social participation. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the functioning and HR-QoL determinants in 67 patients with anti-MAG neuropathy in terms of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). Evaluations included: Medical Research Council (MRC) sum score, Sensory Modality Sum score (SMS), Berg balance scale (BBS), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain, 9-Hole Peg Test (9-HPT), 6-min Walk Distance (6MWD), Impact on Participation and Autonomy (IPA) and the physical component score (PCS) and mental component score (MCS) of the short-form-36 health status scale (SF-36) HR-QoL measure...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305960/the-effect-of-strabismus-muscle-surgery-on-corneal-biomechanics
#20
Heba A El Gendy, Noha M Khalil, Iman M Eissa, Shireen Ma Shousha
Purpose: Studying the early effect of different extraocular muscle (EOM) surgeries on corneal biomechanics. Subjects and methods: This is a prospective, nonrandomized, interventional study, in which 42 eyes of 29 candidates for EOM surgery for strabismus correction at Cairo university hospitals, aged 14-37 years, were recruited. All participants had measuring of the visual acuity, refraction (spherical equivalent (SE)), assessment of the EOM motility and muscle balance, sensory evaluation, fundus examination, and assessing the ocular biomechanics using the Ocular response analyzer (ORA, Reichert, INC...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
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