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Anesthesia outcome

Ran Nivy, Alina Kaplanov, Sharon Kuzi, Michal Mazaki-Tovi, Einat Yas, Gilad Segev, Jennifer Ben-Oz, Eran Lavy, Itamar Aroch
BACKGROUND: Pancreatitis in cats (FP) has been increasingly diagnosed in recent years, but clinical studies of large numbers of affected cats are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To describe a large cohort of cats with FP requiring hospitalization. ANIMALS: One hundred and fifty-seven client-owned cats. METHODS: Retrospective study, including cats diagnosed with pancreatitis based on sonographic evidence, positive SNAP feline pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity test results, increased 1,2-o-dilauryl-rac-glycerol-glutaric Acid-(6'-methylresorufin ester)-lipase activity, histopathology, or some combination of these...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Birgit Stögermüller, Sigrid Ofner, Bernhard Ziegler, Christian Keller, Berthold Moser, Lukas Gasteiger
PURPOSE: The Ambu® Aura Gain™ is a new second-generation supraglottic airway device that-because of a wider curvature and a wide airway tube-allows fibreoptic intubation. The purpose of this study was to assess the oropharyngeal leak pressure of the Ambu® Aura GainTM compared with the Ambu® Aura Once™. METHODS: In this randomized non-blinded crossover trial with 50 patients aged 18 months to six years (10-20 kg), we compared the Ambu® Aura Gain™ and the Ambu® Aura Once™ for airway maintenance in anesthetized, non-paralyzed participants...
October 12, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Eun-Su Choi, Young-Tae Jeon, Hye-Min Sohn, Dong-Woo Kim, Seok-Jun Choi, Chi-Bum In
BACKGROUND: Optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) is a well-known surrogate marker for intracranial pressure during robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomies (RALP). ONSD during RALP is known to increase due to elevated intracranial pressure as a result of the steep Trendelenburg position and carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum. We aimed to compare the effects of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and desflurane anesthesia (DES) on ONSD during RALP. METHODS: Patients scheduled for RALP were enrolled and randomly assigned to the TIVA (propofol and remifentanil) or DES (desflurane and remifentanil) group in this randomized trial...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Gildasio S De Oliveira, Mark C Kendall, Robert J McCarthy
INTRODUCTION: Intraoperative systemic esmolol has been shown to reduce postsurgical pain. Nonetheless, it is unknown whether the use of intraoperative systemic esmolol can improve patient-reported postsurgical quality of recovery. The main objective of the current investigation was to evaluate the effect of intraoperative esmolol on postsurgical quality of recovery. We hypothesized that patients receiving intraoperative esmolol would report better quality of postsurgical recovery than the ones receiving saline...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Dongdong Wang, Wangcheng Xie, Wenxin Cao, Shisheng He, Guoxin Fan, Hailong Zhang
STUDY DESIGN: Cost-utility analysis(CUA). OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the cost-effectiveness of PETD and PEID techniques for the treatment of L5-S1 LDH. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The annual cost of treatment for lumbar disc herniation is staggering. As the two major approaches of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD): percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal discectomy (PETD) and percutaneous endoscopic interlaminar discectomy (PEID) has gain its recognition for the treatment of L5-S1 lumbar disc herniation (LDH) and showed similar clinical outcome...
October 11, 2018: Spine
Christine M Warrick, Mark D Rollins
Placenta accreta spectrum is becoming more common and is the most frequent indication for peripartum hysterectomy. Management of cesarean delivery in the setting of a morbidly adherent placenta has potential for massive hemorrhage, coagulopathies, and other morbidities. Anesthetic management of placenta accreta spectrum presents many challenges including optimizing surgical conditions, providing a safe and satisfying maternal delivery experience, preparing for massive hemorrhage and transfusion, preventing coagulopathies, and optimizing postoperative pain control...
October 11, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jonggeun Lee, Seogjae Lee, Su Wan Kim, Jee Won Chang
Purpose: The aim of this study is to analyze postoperative outcomes for carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in addition to the preoperative clinical characteristics related to selective shunting based on dual monitoring with stump pressure (SP) and electroencephalography (EEG). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 70 patients who underwent CEA from March 2010 to December 2017. CEA was performed under general anesthesia and selective shunting was done if the SP was lower than 35 mmHg regardless of EEG or if intraoperative EEG showed any changes different from preoperative one regardless of SP...
September 2018: Vascular Specialist International
Lei Chen, Liangrong Wang, Qian Zhuo, Qiong Zhang, Feifei Chen, Liling Li, Lina Lin
BACKGROUND: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a common complication after cardiac surgery that influences the clinical outcomes and quality of life of patients. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Shenmai injection (SMI) on POCD of patients who underwent cardiac valve replacement under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: This prospective, randomized, controlled trial was conducted from September 2014 to January 2017. Eighty-eight patients receiving cardiac valve replacement under CPB were randomized into the control (C) or the SMI (S) group...
October 11, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
Slaven Pikija, Vladimir Trkulja, Christian Ramesmayer, Johannes S Mutzenbach, Monika Killer-Oberpfalzer, Constantin Hecker, Nele Bubel, Michael Ulrich Füssel, Johann Sellner
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Reports investigating the relationship between in-procedure blood pressure (BP) and outcomes in patients undergoing endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) due to anterior circulation stroke are sparse and contradictory. METHODS: Consecutive EVT-treated adults (modern stent retrievers, BP managed in line with the recommendations, general anesthesia, invasive BP measurements) were evaluated for associations of the rate of in-procedure systolic BP (SBP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) excursions to >120%/<80% of the reference values (serial measurements at anesthesia induction) and of the reference BP/weighted in-procedure mean BP with post-procedure imaging outcomes (ischemic lesion volume [ILV], hemorrhages) and 3-month functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale [mRS], score 0 to 2 vs...
September 2018: Journal of Stroke
A V Sazhin, T V Nechay, S M Titkova, A E Tyagunov, M V Anurov, K Yu Melnikov-Makarchuk, A A Tyagunov, I V Ermakov, N S Glagolev, L S Kurashinova, E A Ivanova, V S Nechay, A V Karpov, A T Mirzoyan, G B Ivakhov, Yu S Balakirev
AIM: To analyze outcomes of fast track rehabilitation in patients with acute appendicitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective, randomized multi-center trial including 86 patients was conducted. There were 38 patients in the main group and 48 in the control group. All patients underwent laparoscopic appendectomy under endotracheal anesthesia. Protocol included informing, no premedication, glucose infusion prior to surgery, antibiotics administration, mesoappendix excision, limited deployment of drainage tubes, intraabdominal prolonged anesthesia, minimal pneumoperitoneum, limited irrigation, minimum power monopolar electrocautery, antiemetics, early activation and eating (2 and 6 hours after surgery)...
2018: Khirurgiia
Abhijit Nair, Veena Enagandula Amula, Vibhavari Naik, Praveen Kumar Kodisharapu, Anne Poornachand, M S Shyam Prasad, Mohammed Salman Saifuddin, Basanth Kumar Rayani
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Multimodal analgesia comprising opioid, paracetamol, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is used for managing postoperative surgical pain after ileostomy closure (IC). We investigated the efficacy of unilateral dual transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block to reduce morphine consumption in the first 24 hours along with a reduction in visual analogue score for pain and in postoperative nausea/vomiting. METHODS: This was a single-center, investigator-initiated, prospective, parallel-group, placebo-controlled randomized study involving patients undergoing IC under general anesthesia...
October 4, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
Alison G Cahill, Sindhu K Srinivas, Alan T N Tita, Aaron B Caughey, Holly E Richter, W Thomas Gregory, Jingxia Liu, Candice Woolfolk, David L Weinstein, Amit M Mathur, George A Macones, Methodius G Tuuli
Importance: It is unclear whether the timing of second stage pushing efforts affects spontaneous vaginal delivery rates and reduces morbidities. Objective: To evaluate whether immediate or delayed pushing results in higher rates of spontaneous vaginal delivery and lower rates of maternal and neonatal morbidities. Design, Setting, and Participants: Pragmatic randomized clinical trial of nulliparous women at or beyond 37 weeks' gestation admitted for spontaneous or induced labor with neuraxial analgesia between May 2014 and December 2017 at 6 US medical centers...
October 9, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Miles Berger, Katie J Schenning, Charles H Brown, Stacie G Deiner, Robert A Whittington, Roderic G Eckenhoff, Martin S Angst, Sinziana Avramescu, Alex Bekker, Marek Brzezinski, Greg Crosby, Deborah J Culley, Maryellen Eckenhoff, Lars I Eriksson, Lis Evered, Jim Ibinson, Richard P Kline, Andy Kofke, Daqing Ma, Joseph P Mathew, Mervyn Maze, Beverley A Orser, Catherine C Price, David A Scott, Brendan Silbert, Diansan Su, Niccolo Terrando, Dian-Shi Wang, Huafeng Wei, Zhoncong Xie, Zhiyi Zuo
As part of the American Society of Anesthesiology Brain Health Initiative goal of improving perioperative brain health for older patients, over 30 experts met at the fifth International Perioperative Neurotoxicity Workshop in San Francisco, CA, in May 2016, to discuss best practices for optimizing perioperative brain health in older adults (ie, >65 years of age). The objective of this workshop was to discuss and develop consensus solutions to improve patient management and outcomes and to discuss what older adults should be told (and by whom) about postoperative brain health risks...
October 9, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Chang-Soon Lee, Jae Young Lee, Soohan Ro, Seungeun Choi, Jee Youn Moon
BACKGROUND: High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a noninvasive thermodestructive procedure targeting internal organs with concentrated sonification energy that may cause pain. We aimed to compare the effectiveness of epidural analgesia (EA) and monitored anesthesia care (MAC) in HIFU treatment of uterine adenomyosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-eight patients were included in this case-control study. Thirty-seven patients underwent MAC; 31 patients underwent fluoroscope-guided epidural analgesia...
October 10, 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
Atakan Tanacan, Canan Unal, Halise Meltem Yucesoy, Sinem Ayse Duru, Mehmet Sinan Beksac
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical characteristics, obstetric/neonatal outcomes, and pregnancy complications of pregnant women with Takayasu arteritis (TA). METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the data of 22 pregnancies of 11 patients with TA between January 1 2000, and December 31 2017. Patient characteristics, severity of disease, obstetric outcomes, pregnancy complications, mode of delivery, and neonatal outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: Based on the angiographic classification, four, two, one, three, and one patient were classified into groups I, IIa, III, IV, and V, respectively...
October 9, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Ji Won Choi, Duk Kyung Kim, Choon Kyu Cho, Soo Jung Park, Yong Hun Son
Background: To identify trends in injuries and substandard care associated with anesthesia, we analyzed the Korean Society of Anesthesiologists database, which includes anesthesia-related case files from July 2009 to June 2018. Methods: Case characteristics, injuries, and outcomes were compared between the first part (July 2009-June 2014, n = 105) and the second part (July 2014-June 2018, n = 92) of the analyzed time period. Results: Overall, 132 cases resulted in death...
October 10, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Yehoshua N Schacham, Barak Cohen, Gausan R Bajracharya, Michael Walters, Nicole Zimmerman, Guangmei Mao, Marianne A Tanios, Daniel I Sessler
BACKGROUND: We tested the primary hypothesis that final intraoperative esophageal temperature is associated with increased odds of a composite of in-hospital all-cause mortality and myocardial injury within 7 days after noncardiac surgery. Secondary exposures were time-weighted average intraoperative temperature and area <37°C threshold. METHODS: Myocardial injury was defined by postoperative fourth-generation troponin T ≥0.03 ng/mL apparently due to cardiac ischemia...
October 8, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Amer Sebaaly, Pomme Jouffroy, Pierre Emmanuel Moreau, Camille Rodaix, Guillaume Riouallon
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy of reduction of the acetabular articular surface using an intraoperative CT scanner (O-Arm) and screw navigation compared to a classical open technique. DESIGN: Prospective matched Cohort study SETTING:: Tertiary referral center PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS:: Adult patients with acute acetabular fractures. All patients were treated by two senior surgeons using intraoperative imaging and screw navigation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome measure was articular reduction...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Simone Bazurro, Lorenzo Ball, Paolo Pelosi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The volume of bariatric and nonbariatric surgical procedures on obese patients is dramatically increasing worldwide over the past years. In this review, we discuss the physiopathlogy of respiratory function during anesthesia in obese patients, the stratification of perioperative risk to develop intraoperative and postoperative pulmonary complications, the optimization of airway management, and perioperative ventilation, including postoperative respiratory assistance...
October 6, 2018: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Alessandro Innocenti, Dario Melita, Serena Ghezzi, Marco Innocenti
BACKGROUND: Correction of tear trough (TT) deformity is a crucial aspect of facial rejuvenation. Because the anatomical origins of TT deformity lie in the TT ligaments, which firmly attach the dermis to the periosteum, the release of TT ligaments should be considered when performing an etiological correction. The aim of this paper is to propose an alternative method for TT deformity correction, comprising use of filler together with the release of TT ligaments. This technique was compared to the procedure of only percutaneous filler...
October 8, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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