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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932214/a-regional-assessment-of-chemicals-of-concern-in-surface-waters-of-four-midwestern-united-states-national-parks
#1
Sarah M Elliott, David D VanderMeulen
Anthropogenic chemicals and their potential for adverse biological effects raise concern for aquatic ecosystem health in protected areas. During 2013-15, surface waters of four Midwestern United States national parks were sampled and analyzed for wastewater indicators, pharmaceuticals, personal care products, and pesticides. More chemicals and higher concentrations were detected at the two parks with greater urban influences (Mississippi National River and Recreation Area and Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore) than at the two more remote parks (Apostle Islands National Lakeshore and Isle Royale National Park)...
December 5, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927632/associations-between-blood-pressure-and-outcomes-among-blacks-in-the-jackson-heart-study
#2
Tiffany C Randolph, Melissa A Greiner, Chidiebube Egwim, Adrian F Hernandez, Kevin L Thomas, Lesley H Curtis, Paul Muntner, Wei Wang, Robert J Mentz, Emily C O'Brien
BACKGROUND: In 2014, new hypertension guidelines liberalized blood pressure goals for persons 60 years and older. Little is known about the implications for blacks. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using data from 2000 through 2011 for 5280 participants in the Jackson Heart Study, a community-based black cohort in Jackson, Mississippi, we examined whether higher blood pressure was associated with greater risk of mortality and heart failure hospitalization, and whether the risk was the same across age groups...
December 7, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917482/not-enough-time-in-the-day-a-qualitative-assessment-of-in-school-physical-activity-policy-as-viewed-by-administrators-teachers-and-students
#3
Abigail Gamble, Sheryl L Chatfield, Michael L Cormack, Jeffrey S Hallam
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, the alignment of health and education has been at the forefront of school reform. Whereas the establishment of national in-school physical activity (ISPA) recommendations and state-level mandates demonstrates success, there has been less achievement in areas that address health disparities. The purpose of this investigation was to explore barriers and facilitators to implementing state-mandated ISPA policies in the Mississippi Delta. METHODS: Focus groups or interviews were conducted with district administrators, school principals, teachers, and students...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914466/decreasing-prevalence-of-no-known-major-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-among-mississippi-adults-mississippi-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2001-and-2009
#4
Vincent L Mendy, Rodolfo Vargas, Lamees El-Sadek, Vanessa L Short
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Mississippi. However, the prevalence of no known CVD risk factors among Mississippi adults and the change of prevalence in the past 9 years have not been described. We assess changes in prevalence of no known CVD risk factors during 2001 and 2009. METHODS: Prevalence of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, physical inactivity, smoking, and obesity were investigated. Survey respondents who reported having none of these factors were defined as having no known CVD risk factors...
December 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911969/perceptions-of-the-exercise-is-medicine-initiative-in-a-geographically-defined-deep-south-population
#5
Allison Nooe, Rita Morgan, M Allison Ford, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVES: To examine the population's perceptions of the Exercise Is Medicine (EiM) initiative, as well as factors that influence the accurate perception of the EiM. METHODS: Participants (N = 179; 24 primary care advanced-level practitioners, 79 exercise science students, and 76 people from the general population) residing in Oxford, Mississippi, were surveyed for this study. RESULTS: Only 34.7% of advanced-care practitioners, 20.2% of students, and 19...
December 2016: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909882/lower-depression-scores-associated-with-greater-weight-loss-among-rural-black-women-in-a-behavioral-weight-loss-program
#6
Tiffany L Carson, Bradford E Jackson, Timiya S Nolan, Angela Williams, Monica L Baskin
Depression and stress have been associated with less weight loss among some participants in behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs. The purpose of this study was to (1) measure the levels of depression and stress among a sample of black women living in rural Alabama and Mississippi who were participating in a BWL program and (2) examine the association between these psychosocial variables and weight loss outcomes of participants at 6 months. Overweight and obese black women in a BWL program (n = 409) completed validated surveys to measure depression and stress at baseline and 6 months...
December 1, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903084/assessment-of-corticosteroid-related-quality-of-care-measures-for-uc-and-cd-in-the-united-states-a-claims-data-analysis
#7
David T Rubin, Haridarshan Patel, Sherry Shi, Reema Mody
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate corticosteroid (CS)-related quality of care indicators in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) in the US. METHODS: Adults diagnosed with UC or CD and prescription fills for an oral CS were identified from a large commercial US claims database (2005- 2013). Quality indicators included prolonged CS use (≥60 days), use of CS-sparing therapy, and bone loss assessment. State-level variations in quality of care indicators were estimated using logistic regression models adjusting for age, gender, insurance plan type, and CD severity...
December 1, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899245/lessons-learned-from-mississippi-s-telehealth-approach-to-health-disparities
#8
REVIEW
Richard D deShazo, Sara Bolen Parker
Many people see telemedicine as a solution to the nation's health disparities and in Mississippi as a solution to our last place in health. Over 13 years ago, the University of Mississippi Medical Center developed a successful TelEmergency program that saved rural Critical Access Hospitals and now provides telehealth services throughout the state. This occurred without acrimony because of partnerships UMMC developed with telecommunications companies, state government, health professions' licensure boards and private donors...
November 26, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898792/soybean-area-and-baseflow-driving-nitrate-in-iowa-s-raccoon-river
#9
Gabriele Villarini, Christopher S Jones, Keith E Schilling
Improved understanding of the drivers of stream nitrate is necessary to improve water quality. This is particularly true for Iowa, a large contributor to Mississippi River Basin nitrate loads. Here, we focus on the Raccoon River at Des Moines, Iowa, and develop statistical models to describe the monthly (from March to August) nitrate concentrations in terms of eight drivers representing monthly climate, monthly hydrology, and yearly cropping practices. We consider six two-parameter distributions, linear and nonlinear dependencies between the predictors, and the distributions' parameters...
November 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896307/data-on-birds-and-habitat-associated-with-forest-management-on-public-conservation-areas-in-the-mississippi-alluvial-valley
#10
Daniel J Twedt, R Randy Wilson
This data article contains data collected from 2006-2012 in forests located on 31 State or Federal conservation lands in or adjacent to the Mississippi Alluvial Valley. We present the location, treatment type, and silvicultural age of data collection locations. Presented data on bird detections and forest habitat were collected during avian point counts and associated forest habitat plots and linked to the publication (D.J. Twedt and R.R. Wilson, 2017) [5].
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895133/vancomycin-and-the-risk-of-aki-now-clearer-than-mississippi-mud
#11
EDITORIAL
Thomas D Nolin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881536/complete-genome-sequence-of-edwardsiella-piscicida-isolate-s11-285-recovered-from-channel-catfish-ictalurus-punctatus-in-mississippi-usa
#12
Stephen R Reichley, Geoffrey C Waldbieser, Hasan C Tekedar, Mark L Lawrence, Matt J Griffin
Edwardsiella piscicida is a recently described Gram-negative facultative anaerobe and an important pathogen to many wild and cultured fish species worldwide. Here, we report the complete and annotated genome of E. piscicida isolate S11-285 recovered from channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus), consisting of a chromosome of 3,923,603 bp and 1 plasmid.
November 23, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875926/a-meta-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-symptom-severity-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-executive-function
#13
Fu L Woon, Thomas J Farrer, Colin R Braman, Jennifer K Mabey, Dawson W Hedges
INTRODUCTION: Some studies of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) find executive dysfunction, whereas others do not. We meta-analytically examined the association between executive function and PTSD and used meta-regression to examine the potential moderating effect of PTSD severity on executive function. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. We identified published peer-reviewed articles containing measures of executive function and PTSD symptom severity in subjects with PTSD compared to trauma-unexposed controls or trauma-exposed controls without PTSD, or both...
November 22, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865292/katrina-s-legacy-processes-for-patient-disaster-preparation-have-improved-but-important-gaps-remain
#14
Marjorie Icenogle, Sasha Eastburn, Martha Arrieta
BACKGROUND: Ensuring continuity of care for patients with chronic illness, who are elderly or indigent presents unique challenges after disasters; this population has fewer financial resources, is less likely to evacuate, has limited access to recovery resources and is significantly dependent on charitable and government-funded institutions for care. This study expands a previous investigation of the extent to which healthcare providers in coastal Mississippi and Alabama have made changes to facilitate continued care to these populations after disasters...
November 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862522/high-gene-flow-in-the-american-badger-overrides-habitat-preferences-and-limits-broad-scale-genetic-structure
#15
E M Kierepka, E K Latch
Habitat associations are a function of habitat preferences and dispersal capabilities, both of which can influence how species responded to Quaternary climatic changes and contemporary habitat heterogeneity. Predicting resultant genetic structure is not always straightforward, especially in species where high dispersal potential and habitat preferences yield opposing predictions. The American badger has high dispersal capabilities that predict widespread panmixia, but avoids closed canopy forests and clay soils, which could restrict gene flow and create ecologically-based population genetic structure...
November 14, 2016: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851237/1602-a-case-of-accidental-toad-venom-ingestion-in-rural-mississippi
#16
Jason Henry, Lewis Aldred, John Spurzem, Robert Cox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849160/inferences-of-population-structure-and-demographic-history-for-taxodium-distichum-a-coniferous-tree-in-north-america-based-on-amplicon-sequencing-analysis
#17
Yuka Ikezaki, Yoshihisa Suyama, Beth A Middleton, Yoshihiko Tsumura, Kousuke Teshima, Hidenori Tachida, Junko Kusumi
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Studies of natural genetic variation can elucidate the genetic basis of phenotypic variation and the past population structure of species. Our study species, Taxodium distichum, is a unique conifer that inhabits the flood plains and swamps of North America. Morphological and ecological differences in two varieties, T. distichum var. distichum (bald cypress) and T. distichum var. imbricarium (pond cypress), are well known, but little is known about the level of genetic differentiation between the varieties and the demographic history of local populations...
November 14, 2016: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846302/multi-isotopic-%C3%AE-2h-%C3%AE-13c-%C3%AE-15n-tracing-of-molt-origin-for-red-winged-blackbirds-associated-with-agro-ecosystems
#18
Scott J Werner, Keith A Hobson, Steven L Van Wilgenburg, Justin W Fischer
We analyzed stable-hydrogen (δ2H), carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ 15N) isotope ratios in feathers to better understand the molt origin and food habits of Red-winged Blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) near sunflower production in the Upper Midwest and rice production in the Mid-South of the United States. Outer primary feathers were used from 661 after-second-year (ASY) male blackbirds collected in Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota (spring collection), and Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri and Texas (winter collection)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828785/early-age-at-start-of-antiretroviral-therapy-associated-with-better-virologic-control-after-initial-suppression-in-hiv-infected-infants
#19
Stephanie Shiau, Renate Strehlau, Karl-Günter Technau, Faeezah Patel, Stephen M Arpadi, Ashraf Coovadia, Elaine J Abrams, Louise Kuhn
OBJECTIVE: The report of the 'Mississippi baby' who was initiated on antiretroviral therapy (ART) within 30 h of birth and maintained viral suppression off ART for 27 months has increased interest in the timing of ART initiation early in life. We examined associations between age at ART initiation and virologic outcomes in five cohorts of HIV-infected infants and young children who initiated ART before 2 years of age in Johannesburg, South Africa. METHODS: We compared those who initiated ART early (<6 months of age) and those who started ART late (6-24 months of age)...
November 8, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827916/switchgrass-panicum-virgatum-intercropping-within-managed-loblolly-pine-pinus-taeda-does-not-affect-wild-bee-communities
#20
Joshua W Campbell, Darren A Miller, James A Martin
Intensively-managed pine (Pinus spp.) have been shown to support diverse vertebrate communities, but their ability to support invertebrate communities, such as wild bees, has not been well-studied. Recently, researchers have examined intercropping switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), a native perennial, within intensively managed loblolly pine (P. taeda) plantations as a potential source for cellulosic biofuels. To better understand potential effects of intercropping on bee communities, we investigated visitation of bees within three replicates of four treatments of loblolly pine in Mississippi, U...
November 4, 2016: Insects
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