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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209810/genome-sequence-of-southern-tomato-virus-in-asymptomatic-tomato-sweet-hearts
#1
Ricardo I Alcalá-Briseño, Sevgi Coşkan, Maria A Londoño, Jane E Polston
The genome sequence of Southern tomato virus in asymptomatic Solanum lycopersicum 'Sweet Hearts' (STV-Florida) in Florida was assembled from small RNAs sequenced by Illumina RNA-seq. The STV-Florida genome shared 99.0 to 99.9% similarity with full genome sequences from Bangladesh, China, Mexico, and the United States (Mississippi and North Carolina).
February 16, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202755/low-pathogenic-influenza-a-viruses-in-north-american-diving-ducks-contribute-to-the-emergence-of-a-novel-highly-pathogenic-influenza-a-h7n8-virus
#2
Yifei Xu, Andrew M Ramey, Andrew S Bowman, Thomas J DeLiberto, Mary L Killian, Scott Krauss, Jacqueline M Nolting, Mia Kim Torchetti, Andrew B Reeves, Richard J Webby, David E Stallknecht, Xiu-Feng Wan
Introductions of low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses of subtypes H5 and H7 into poultry from wild birds have the potential to mutate to highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), but such viruses' origins are often unclear. In January 2016, a novel H7N8 HPAI virus caused an outbreak in turkeys in Indiana, USA. To determine the virus's origin, we sequenced genomes of 441 wild bird-origin influenza A viruses (IAVs) from North America and subjected them to evolutionary analyses. Results showed that the H7N8 LPAI virus most likely circulated among diving ducks in the Mississippi flyway during autumn 2015 and was subsequently introduced to Indiana turkeys, in which it evolved high pathogenicity...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202406/cannabis-cultivation-methodological-issues-for-obtaining-medical-grade-product
#3
REVIEW
Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, Mahmoud A ElSohly, Larry A Walker, David Potter
As studies continue to reveal favorable findings for the use of cannabidiol in the management of childhood epilepsy syndromes and other disorders, best practices for the large-scale production of Cannabis are needed for timely product development and research purposes. The processes of two institutions with extensive experience in producing large-scale cannabidiol chemotype Cannabis crops-GW Pharmaceuticals and the University of Mississippi-are described, including breeding, indoor and outdoor growing, harvesting, and extraction methods...
February 12, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201954/-we-need-help-in-the-delta
#4
Sherry C Wang, LaShaundrea Crook, Carol Connell, Kathy Yadrick
The purpose of this study was to better understand the barriers to health promotion among African American older men living in the rural Mississippi Delta. A qualitative, intrinsic case study approach was used to explore the phenomenon of health and the barriers to promoting men's health within the unique context of the Delta. Data included one key informant interview and two focus group interviews with 14 men, with the majority between the ages of 41 and 55 years. Focus group participants were lay community members as well as members of a volunteer community health advisors men's group...
March 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188204/siderophore-product-ornibactin-is-required-for-the-bactericidal-activity-of-burkholderia-contaminans-ms14
#5
Peng Deng, Adam Foxfire, Jianhong Xu, Sonya M Baird, Jiayuan Jia, Keren H Delgado, Ronald Shin, Leif Smith, Shi-En Lu
Burkholderia contaminans MS14 was isolated from soil in Mississippi. When cultivated on nutrient broth-yeast extract (NBY) agar medium, the colonies exhibit bactericidal activity against a wide range of plant pathogenic bacteria. Only a bacteriostatic compound with siderophore activity was successfully purified, which was determined by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to be ornibactin. The isolation of the bactericidal compound has not yet been achieved, thus, the exact nature of the bactericidal compound is still unknown...
February 10, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182605/assisted-reproductive-technology-surveillance-united-states-2014
#6
Saswati Sunderam, Dmitry M Kissin, Sara B Crawford, Suzanne G Folger, Denise J Jamieson, Lee Warner, Wanda D Barfield
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Since the first U.S. infant conceived with assisted reproductive technology (ART) was born in 1981, both the use of ART and the number of fertility clinics providing ART services have increased steadily in the United States. ART includes fertility treatments in which eggs or embryos are handled in the laboratory (i.e., in vitro fertilization [IVF] and related procedures). Women who undergo ART procedures are more likely than women who conceive naturally to deliver multiple-birth infants...
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165833/diclofenac-sodium-ion-exchange-resin-complex-loaded-melt-cast-films-for-sustained-release-ocular-delivery
#7
Goutham R Adelli, Sai Prachetan Balguri, Prakash Bhagav, Vijayasankar Raman, Soumyajit Majumdar
PURPOSE: The goal of the present study is to develop polymeric matrix films loaded with a combination of free diclofenac sodium (DFSfree) and DFS:Ion exchange resin complexes (DFS:IR) for immediate and sustained release profiles, respectively. METHODS: Effect of ratio of DFS and IR on the DFS:IR complexation efficiency was studied using batch processing. DFS:IR complex, DFSfree, or a combination of DFSfree + DFS:IR loaded matrix films were prepared by melt-cast technology...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165626/relationship-between-midlife-cardiovascular-health-and-late-life-physical-performance-the-aric-study
#8
B Gwen Windham, Kimystian L Harrison, Seth T Lirette, Pamela L Lutsey, Lisa A Pompeii, Kelley P Gabriel, Silvia Koton, Lyn M Steffen, Michael E Griswold, Thomas H Mosley
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between midlife cardiovascular health and physical performance 25 years later. DESIGN: Cohort study (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study); multinomial logistic and logistic regression adjusted for demographic characteristics and clinical measures. SETTING: Four U.S. communities: Forsyth County, North Carolina; Washington County, Maryland; Minneapolis, Minnesota; and Jackson, Mississippi. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 54...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162784/considering-disparities-how-do-nurse-practitioner-regulatory-policies-access-to-care-and-health-outcomes-vary-across-four-states
#9
Andréa Sonenberg, Hillary J Knepper
Health disparities persist among morbidity and mortality rates in the United States. Contributing significantly to these disparities are the ability to pay for health care (largely, access to health insurance) and access to, and capacity of, the primary care health workforce. This article examines key determinants of health (DOH) including demographics, public and regulatory policies, health workforce capacity, and primary health outcomes of four states of the United States. The context of this study is the potential association among health care disparities and myriad DOH, among them, the restrictive nurse practitioner (NP) scope of practice (SOP) regulatory environment, which are documented to influence access to care and health outcomes...
November 1, 2016: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156138/effects-of-optimism-on-recovery-and-mental-health-after-a-tornado-outbreak
#10
Eric G Carbone, Erin Thomas Echols
OBJECTIVE: Dispositional optimism, a stable expectation that good things will happen, has been shown to improve health outcomes in a wide range of contexts, but very little research has explored the impact of optimism on post-disaster health and well-being. DESIGN: Data for this study come from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Public health systems and mental health community recovery (PHSMHCR) Survey. Participants included 3216 individuals living in counties affected by the April 2011 tornado outbreak in Mississippi and Alabama...
February 3, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137988/physical-activity-and-incident-hypertension-in-african-americans-the-jackson-heart-study
#11
Keith M Diaz, John N Booth, Samantha R Seals, Marwah Abdalla, Patricia M Dubbert, Mario Sims, Joseph A Ladapo, Nicole Redmond, Paul Muntner, Daichi Shimbo
There is limited empirical evidence to support the protective effects of physical activity in the prevention of hypertension among African Americans. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of physical activity with incident hypertension among African Americans. We studied 1311 participants without hypertension at baseline enrolled in the Jackson Heart Study, a community-based study of African Americans residing in Jackson, Mississippi. Overall physical activity, moderate-vigorous physical activity, and domain-specific physical activity (work, active living, household, and sport/exercise) were assessed by self-report during the baseline examination (2000-2004)...
March 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137850/seafood-prices-reveal-impacts-of-a-major-ecological-disturbance
#12
Martin D Smith, Atle Oglend, A Justin Kirkpatrick, Frank Asche, Lori S Bennear, J Kevin Craig, James M Nance
Coastal hypoxia (dissolved oxygen ≤ 2 mg/L) is a growing problem worldwide that threatens marine ecosystem services, but little is known about economic effects on fisheries. Here, we provide evidence that hypoxia causes economic impacts on a major fishery. Ecological studies of hypoxia and marine fauna suggest multiple mechanisms through which hypoxia can skew a population's size distribution toward smaller individuals. These mechanisms produce sharp predictions about changes in seafood markets. Hypoxia is hypothesized to decrease the quantity of large shrimp relative to small shrimp and increase the price of large shrimp relative to small shrimp...
January 30, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137328/impact-of-dietary-fat-composition-on-prediabetes-a-12-year-follow-up-study
#13
Sridevi Krishnan, Lyn M Steffen, Chad M Paton, Jamie A Cooper
OBJECTIVE: Dietary fatty acid composition likely affects prediabetic conditions such as isolated impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT); however, this risk has not been evaluated in a large population nor has it been followed prospectively. DESIGN: Diet, physical activity, anthropometric, socio-economic and blood glucose data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study were obtained from BioLINCC. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to evaluate associations of dietary SFA, MUFA, PUFA, n-3 fatty acid (FA) and n-6 FA intakes with incidence of one (isolated IFG) or two (IFG with IGT) prediabetic conditions at the end of 12-year follow-up...
January 31, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130457/a-new-report-of-nezara-viridula-f-aurantiaca-heteroptera-pentatomidae-from-a-cultured-population-in-washington-county-mississippi
#14
M Guadalupe Rojas, Juan A Morales-Ramos
Nezara viridula adult coloration can vary, including a rare orange-colored type (i.e., N. viridula f. aurantiaca). In November 2015, three Nezara viridula males displaying orange coloration were found in an established colony in Stoneville, MS. The objectives of this study were to determine if alleles of these orange types conformed to the allele characteristics previously reported for N. viridula f. aurantiaca and to determine if there were any differences in reproductive output compared with the green-colored type...
January 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125911/impact-of-louisiana-s-hpv-vaccine-awareness-policy-on-hpv-vaccination-among-13-to-17-year-old-females
#15
Dudith Pierre-Victor, Mary Jo Trepka, Timothy F Page, Tan Li, Dionne P Stephens, Purnima Madhivanan
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends routine human papillomavirus (HPV) immunization for 11- to 12-year-old adolescents. In 2008, Louisiana required the school boards to distribute HPV vaccine information to parents or guardian of students in Grades 6 to 12. This article investigates the impact of this policy on HPV vaccination among 13- to 17-year-old female adolescents using National Immunization Survey-Teen (NIS-Teen) data. Drawing on the data from the 2008 to 2012 NIS-Teen, we compared the difference in proportions of females who have been vaccinated before and after the policy...
January 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125760/resource-use-and-medicare-costs-during-lay-navigation-for-geriatric-patients-with-cancer
#16
Gabrielle B Rocque, Maria Pisu, Bradford E Jackson, Elizabeth A Kvale, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Michelle Y Martin, Karen Meneses, Yufeng Li, Richard A Taylor, Aras Acemgil, Courtney P Williams, Nedra Lisovicz, Mona Fouad, Kelly M Kenzik, Edward E Partridge
Importance: Lay navigators in the Patient Care Connect Program support patients with cancer from diagnosis through survivorship to end of life. They empower patients to engage in their health care and navigate them through the increasingly complex health care system. Navigation programs can improve access to care, enhance coordination of care, and overcome barriers to timely, high-quality health care. However, few data exist regarding the financial implications of implementing a lay navigation program...
January 26, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125653/avian-species-and-functional-diversity-in-agricultural-landscapes-does-landscape-heterogeneity-matter
#17
Myung-Bok Lee, James A Martin
While the positive relationship between avian diversity and habitat heterogeneity is widely accepted, it is primarily based on observed species richness without accounting for imperfect detection. Other facets of diversity such as functional diversity are also rarely explored. We investigated the avian diversity-landscape heterogeneity relationship in agricultural landscapes by considering two aspects of diversity: taxonomic diversity (species richness) estimated from a multi-species dynamic occupancy model, and functional diversity (functional evenness [FEve] and divergence [FDiv]) based on traits of occurring species...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125086/utilization-of-genetic-tests-analysis-of-gene-specific-billing-in-medicare-claims-data
#18
Julie A Lynch, Brygida Berse, W David Dotson, Muin J Khoury, Nicole Coomer, John Kautter
PURPOSE: We examined the utilization of precision medicine tests among Medicare beneficiaries through analysis of gene-specific tier 1 and 2 billing codes developed by the American Medical Association in 2012. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study. The primary source of data was 2013 Medicare 100% fee-for-service claims. We identified claims billed for each laboratory test, the number of patients tested, expenditures, and the diagnostic codes indicated for testing...
January 26, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120204/changes-in-aquatic-vegetation-and-floodplain-land-cover-in-the-upper-mississippi-and-illinois-rivers-1989-2000-2010
#19
Nathan R De Jager, Jason J Rohweder
Quantifying changes in the cover of river-floodplain systems can provide important insights into the processes that structure these landscapes as well as the potential consequences to the ecosystem services they provide. We examined net changes in 13 different aquatic and floodplain land cover classes using photo interpreted maps of the navigable portions of the Upper Mississippi River (UMR, above the confluence with the Ohio River) and Illinois River from 1989 to 2000 and from 2000 to 2010. We detected net decreases in vegetated aquatic area in nearly all river reaches from 1989 to 2000...
February 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118455/trends-and-patterns-of-disparities-in-cancer-mortality-among-us-counties-1980-2014
#20
Ali H Mokdad, Laura Dwyer-Lindgren, Christina Fitzmaurice, Rebecca W Stubbs, Amelia Bertozzi-Villa, Chloe Morozoff, Raghid Charara, Christine Allen, Mohsen Naghavi, Christopher J L Murray
Introduction: Cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and results in a high economic burden. Objective: To estimate age-standardized mortality rates by US county from 29 cancers. Design and Setting: Deidentified death records from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) and population counts from the Census Bureau, the NCHS, and the Human Mortality Database from 1980 to 2014 were used. Validated small area estimation models were used to estimate county-level mortality rates from 29 cancers: lip and oral cavity; nasopharynx; other pharynx; esophageal; stomach; colon and rectum; liver; gallbladder and biliary; pancreatic; larynx; tracheal, bronchus, and lung; malignant skin melanoma; nonmelanoma skin cancer; breast; cervical; uterine; ovarian; prostate; testicular; kidney; bladder; brain and nervous system; thyroid; mesothelioma; Hodgkin lymphoma; non-Hodgkin lymphoma; multiple myeloma; leukemia; and all other cancers combined...
24, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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