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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934081/longitudinal-analysis-of-nut-inclusive-diets-and-body-mass-index-among-overweight-and-obese-african-american-women-living-in-rural-alabama-and-mississippi-2011-2013
#1
Samara R Sterling, Brenda Bertrand, Suzanne Judd, Tiffany L Carson, Paula Chandler-Laney, Monica L Baskin
INTRODUCTION: Nuts, when eaten alongside other nutritionally rich foods, may decrease obesity and related chronic disease risks, which are high among African American women in the rural South. We monitored changes in nut intake, other obesity-related foods (fruits, vegetables, red or processed meats, added sugars), and body mass index (BMI) over a 2-year weight loss intervention among 383 overweight and obese African American women in rural Alabama and Mississippi. METHODS: Two dietary recalls were administered at 4 points over 24 months...
September 21, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930003/angiostrongylus-cantonensis-eosinophilic-meningitis-in-an-infant-tennessee-usa
#2
Tim Flerlage, Yvonne Qvarnstrom, John Noh, John P Devincenzo, Arshia Madni, Bindiya Bagga, Nicholas D Hysmith
Angiostrongylus cantonensis, the rat lungworm, is the most common infectious cause of eosinophilic meningoencephalitis worldwide. This parasite is endemic to Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands, and its global distribution is increasing. We report A. cantonensis meningoencephalitis in a 12-month-old boy in Tennessee, USA, who had not traveled outside of southwestern Tennessee or northwestern Mississippi.
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929479/social-capital-neighborhood-disorder-and-disaster-recovery
#3
Lauren Clay, Mia Papas, David Abramson, James Kendra
OBJECTIVE: This study examined social institutions as a contextual factor that may influence perceptions of neighborhood physical and social disorder during disaster recovery. DESIGN: The study used descriptive statistics and fit logistic regression models. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants in this study (n = 772) were recruited from temporary housing in Louisiana and Mississippi as part of the Gulf Coast Child and Family Health Study, a longitudinal study of households heavily impacted by Hurricane Katrina...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929010/hydrology-controls-recruitment-of-two-invasive-cyprinids-bigheaded-carp-reproduction-in-a-navigable-large-river
#4
Daniel K Gibson-Reinemer, Levi E Solomon, Richard M Pendleton, John H Chick, Andrew F Casper
In the Mississippi River Basin of North America, invasive bigheaded carp (silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and bighead carp H. nobilis, also referred to as Asian carp) have spread rapidly over the past several decades. In the Illinois River, an important tributary of the Upper Mississippi River, reproduction appears to be sporadic and frequently unsuccessful, yet bigheaded carp densities in this river are among the highest recorded on the continent. Understanding the causative factors behind erratic recruitment in this commercially-harvested invasive species is important for both limiting their spread and managing their harvest...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929001/recurrent-hellp-syndrome-at-22-weeks-of-gestation
#5
Peter Kascak, Milos Paskala, Peter Antal, Radovan Gajdosik
We describe a case of a woman who presented with HELLP syndrome in two subsequent pregnancies (age 36 and 40), at gestational age of 22 weeks in both pregnancies with a rapid onset and progression. She presented with characteristic clinical symptoms and laboratory findings. Both pregnancies were delivered by caesarean sections due to deterioration in the mother's condition, although neither pregnancy progressed into the 1st stage of the syndrome according to Mississippi classification. This case highlights the admittedly rare but serious condition of recurring HELLP syndrome at a gestational age before the limit of viability of the fetus...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900552/electronic-cigarette-use-among-mississippi-adults-2015
#6
Vincent L Mendy, Rodolfo Vargas, Gerri Cannon-Smith, Marinelle Payton, Enkhmaa Byambaa, Lei Zhang
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are battery-powered devices that deliver nicotine in the form of aerosol. We identify differences and associations in e-cigarette use by sociodemographic characteristics and describe the reported reasons for initiating use among Mississippi adults. We used the 2015 Mississippi Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, which collected information on e-cigarette use from 6,035 respondents. The prevalence of current e-cigarette use and having ever tried an e-cigarette was determined overall and by sociodemographic characteristics...
2017: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898602/parallel-patterns-of-host-specific-morphology-and-genetic-admixture-in-sister-lineages-of-a-commensal-barnacle
#7
Christine Ewers-Saucedo, Benny K K Chan, John D Zardus, John P Wares
Symbiotic relationships are often species specific, allowing symbionts to adapt to their host environments. Host generalists, on the other hand, have to cope with diverse environments. One coping strategy is phenotypic plasticity, defined by the presence of host-specific phenotypes in the absence of genetic differentiation. Recent work indicates that such host-specific phenotypic plasticity is present in the West Pacific lineage of the commensal barnacle Chelonibia testudinaria (Linnaeus, 1758). We investigated genetic and morphological host-specific structure in the genetically distinct Atlantic sister lineage of C...
June 2017: Biological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894925/alligator-wrestling-morphological-molecular-and-phylogenetic-data-on-odhneriotrema-incommodum-leidy-1856-digenea-clinostomidae-from-alligator-mississippiensis-daudin-1801-in-mississippi-usa
#8
Ethan T Woodyard, Thomas Graham Rosser, Scott A Rush
Based on specimens collected from harvested American alligator Alligator mississippiensis Daudin, 1801 in Mississippi, USA, novel molecular data for both nuclear ribosomal genes (18S, ITS1-5.8S, ITS2, and 28S) and mitochondrial genes (cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide dehydrogenase subunit 1) are provided for Odhneriotrema incommodum (Leidy, 1856), a trematode of the family Clinostomidae Lühe, 1901 infecting A. mississippiensis and the Florida spotted gar Lepisosteus platyrhincus DeKay, 1842...
September 11, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887800/acipensericola-glacialis-n-sp-digenea-aporocotylidae-from-heart-of-lake-sturgeon-acipenser-fulvescens-rafinesque-acipenseriformes-acipenseridae-in-the-great-lakes-basin-lake-winnebago-system-usa
#9
Micah B Warren, Jackson R Roberts, Cova R Arias, Ryan P Koenigs, Stephen A Bullard
Acipensericola glacialis n. sp. infects the heart of lake sturgeon, Acipenser fulvescens (Rafinesque), in the Lake Winnebago System and differs from its only congener, Acipensericola petersoni Bullard, Snyder, Jensen & Overstreet, 2008, by having a dendritic intestine, deeply-lobed testes, a post-ovarian oötype, and a common genital pore that is medial to the dextral caecum. Acipensericola petersoni has a non-dendritic intestine, testes that are not deeply lobed, an oötype that is at level of the ovary (ventral to the ovary), and a common genital pore that is dorsal to the dextral caecum...
September 8, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882276/economic-and-statistical-perspectives-on-traffic-safety-in-louisiana-2005-2015
#10
Onyumbe Enumbe B Lukongo
INTRODUCTION: This study examine and applies recent empirical evidence from Mississippi and Alabama on fatal crashes and its relationship with gasoline prices and alcohol consumptions using the Louisiana Crash Data Reports between January 2005 and December 2015. METHOD: The negative binomial models is the preferred specification for the Louisiana Crash Data. The marginal effects and related elasticities were calculated to facilitate the interpretation of the results...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880838/aspirin-for-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#11
Vincent L Mendy, Rodolfo Vargas, Lei Zhang
We used data from the 2013 Mississippi Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to examine aspirin use for the prevention of primary and secondary cardiovascular disease (CVD), based on the 2009 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines, among Mississippi men (aged 45-79 y) and women (aged 55-79 y) and to explore differences in aspirin use by sociodemographic characteristics. Among those without CVD, 39.1% of men and 45.9% of women reported taking aspirin, and among those with CVD, 85.9% of men and 85...
September 7, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879068/self-collected-vaginal-swabs-for-hpv-screening-an-exploratory-study-of-rural-black-mississippi-women
#12
Richard A Crosby, Michael E Hagensee, Rebecca Fisher, Lindsay R Stradtman, Tom Collins
OBJECTIVES: To determine the post-procedure acceptability of self-collecting a vaginal swab for HPV testing among a highly impoverished and geographically isolated population of medically underserved Black women residing in the Mississippi Delta. Further, to test correlates of reporting that self-collection is preferred over Pap testing. Finally, to determine the prevalence of any of 13 high-risk HPV types among this population and the correlates of testing positive. METHODS: Eighty-eight women were recruited from two churches located in different towns of the Mississippi Delta...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876296/neighborhood-health-care-access-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-women-in-the-southern-united-states-a-cross-sectional-multilevel-analysis
#13
Danielle F Haley, Andrew Edmonds, Nadya Belenky, DeMarc A Hickson, Catalina Ramirez, Gina M Wingood, Hector Bolivar, Elizabeth Golub, Adaora A Adimora
INTRODUCTION: The United States has experienced an increase in reportable sexually transmitted infections (STIs) while simultaneously experiencing a decline in safety net services for STI testing and treatment. This multilevel study assessed relationships between neighborhood-level access to health care and STIs among a predominantly Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-seropositive cohort of women living in the south. METHODS: This cross-sectional multilevel analysis included baseline data from HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative women enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study sites in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, and North Carolina between 2013 and 2015 (N = 666)...
August 2, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873472/incorporating-basic-and-applied-approaches-to-evaluate-the-effects-of-invasive-asian-carp-on-native-fishes-a-necessary-first-step-for-integrated-pest-management
#14
Quinton E Phelps, Sara J Tripp, Kyle R Bales, Daniel James, Robert A Hrabik, David P Herzog
Numerous studies throughout North America allege deleterious associations among invasive Asian Carp and native fishes; however, no empirical evidence on a system-wide scale exists. We used Mississippi River Basin fish community data collected by the Long Term Resource Monitoring program and the Missouri Department of Conservation to evaluate possible interaction between Asian Carp and native fishes. Results from two decades of long-term monitoring throughout much of the Mississippi River suggest that Silver Carp relative abundance has increased while relative abundance (Bigmouth Buffalo [F 3, 8240 = 6...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870170/analysis-of-the-genome-sequence-of-phomopsis-longicolla-a-fungal-pathogen-causing-phomopsis-seed-decay-in-soybean
#15
Shuxian Li, Omar Darwish, Nadim W Alkharouf, Bryan Musungu, Benjamin F Matthews
BACKGROUND: Phomopsis longicolla T. W. Hobbs (syn. Diaporthe longicolla) is a seed-borne fungus causing Phomopsis seed decay in soybean. This disease is one of the most devastating diseases reducing soybean seed quality worldwide. To facilitate investigation of the genomic basis of pathogenicity and to understand the mechanism of the disease development, the genome of an isolate, MSPL10-6, from Mississippi, USA was sequenced, de novo assembled, and analyzed. RESULTS: The genome of MSPL 10-6 was estimated to be approximately 62 Mb in size with an overall G + C content of 48...
September 5, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869802/deadly-experience-the-association-between-firing-a-gun-and-various-aspects-of-suicide-risk
#16
Michael D Anestis, Daniel W Capron
Firearms account for half of all U.S. suicide deaths, but research on mechanisms through which firearms confer risk is limited. Although research has indicated firearm ownership and the unsafe storage of firearms are associated with an elevated risk of suicide, such research cannot provide insight into the extent to which a history of using a gun plays a role. We recruited a community sample (N = 100; 76% female; 44% Black) oversampled for prior suicidal behavior in a high gun ownership state (Mississippi)...
September 4, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865858/farm-business-and-operator-variables-associated-with-bulk-tank-somatic-cell-count-from-dairy-herds-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#17
Karen L DeLong, Dayton M Lambert, Susan Schexnayder, Peter Krawczel, Mark Fly, Lorraine Garkovich, Steve Oliver
Mastitis is a worldwide problem in dairy cows and results in reduced milk production, the culling of cows, and other economic losses. Bulk tank somatic cell count (BTSCC) over 200,000 cells/mL often indicates underlying subclinical mastitis in dairy herds. Several preventative measures that can be implemented to help improve the incidence of mastitis exist, but surveys find these practices not fully adopted by producers. The goal of this research was to analyze the farm and operator characteristics associated with BTSCC in dairy herds by analyzing a survey of dairy producers in the southeastern United States...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854113/a-statewide-survey-for-container-breeding-mosquitoes-in-mississippi
#18
Jerome Goddard, Gail M Moraru, Sarah J Mcinnis, J Santos Portugal, Donald A Yee, J Hunter Deerman, Wendy C Varnado
Container-breeding mosquitoes are important in public health due to outbreaks of Zika, chikungunya, and dengue viruses. This paper documents the distribution of container-breeding mosquito species in Mississippi, with special emphasis on the genus Aedes. Five sites in each of the 82 Mississippi counties were sampled monthly between May 1 and August 31, 2016, and 50,109 mosquitoes in 14 species were collected. The most prevalent and widely distributed species found was Ae. albopictus, being found in all 82 counties, especially during July...
September 2017: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854110/first-record-of-culex-coronator-in-virginia-with-notes-on-its-rapid-dispersal-trapping-methods-and-biology
#19
Karen I Akaratovic, Jay P Kiser
Culex coronator is a Neotropical mosquito species that was first described in Trinidad in the early 20th century. Since then, the species has been discovered from Patagonia to the southern USA. A single adult female Cx. coronator was collected on November 1, 2016, in Suffolk, VA, in a BG-Sentinel 2® trap during routine mosquito surveillance. This represents the 1st record of this species in the state of Virginia and the northernmost record in the USA. Based on male specimens examined from Texas and Mississippi, Cx...
September 2017: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851469/community-resilience-psychological-resilience-and-depressive-symptoms-an-examination-of-the-mississippi-gulf-coast-10-years-after-hurricane-katrina-and-5-years-after-the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill
#20
Joohee Lee, Bret J Blackmon, David M Cochran, Bandana Kar, Timothy A Rehner, Mauri Stubbs Gunnell
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the role of community resilience and psychological resilience on depressive symptoms in areas on the Mississippi Gulf Coast that have experienced multiple disasters. METHODS: Survey administration took place in the spring of 2015 to a spatially stratified, random sample of households. This analysis included a total of 294 subjects who lived in 1 of the 3 counties of the Mississippi Gulf Coast at the time of both Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010...
August 30, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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