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Osteomyelitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784038/chronic-traumatic-ankle-and-foot-osteomyelitis-a-nationwide-case-control-study
#1
Maryam Hosseini, Mostafa Allami, Mohammadreza Soroush, Fateme Babaha, Javad Minooeefar, Davood Rahimpoor
BACKGROUND: Osteomyelitis (OM) is an atypical consequence of ankle-foot trauma which is associated with long-term mental and physical morbidity and persistent pain. This study aimed to assess the health status of OM patients with war-related ankle-foot injuries. METHODS: A total of 1129 veterans with ankle-foot injuries participated in a case-control study (2014-2016). Thirty patients with chronic OM of the ankle-foot were compared with 90 non-OM participants as the control group...
May 15, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783235/-statistical-information-about-the-inflammatory-processes-of-the-jaw-facial-part-in-children
#2
Pavlo I Tkachenko, Serhii O Bilokon, Nataliia M Lokhmatova, Vitalina O Dobroskok, Olha B Dolenko, Nataliia M Korotych, Yuliia V Popelo
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The acute and chronic inflammatory processes prevail in the structure of the dental surgical diseases in children. Notably, various forms of lymphadenitis, adenophlegmon and odontogenous osteomyelitis dominate in the specialized surgical units; however, it is not possible to resolve a number of organizational problems without clear understanding of the statistical situation. The aim: The paper is aimed at the analysis of the incidence rate of major nosological forms of the acute suppurative inflammations of the maxillofacial area in children for the prospective planning of arrangements to provide them with high-quality specialized care...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782813/actinomycotic-osteomyelitis-of-the-mandible-diagnosed-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-a-case-report
#3
Shinsuke Yamamoto, Hiroshi Takegawa, Naoki Taniike, Toshihiko Takenobu
Actinomycosis is a rare, chronic, slowly progressive granulomatous disease caused by filamentous gram-positive anaerobic bacteria from the Actinomycetaceae family (genus Actinomyces). It has become a rare condition because of the widespread use of antibiotics. When clinical symptoms are not typical, diagnosis of this condition becomes difficult. This report describes a case involving an 82-year-old woman who was diagnosed with actinomycotic osteomyelitis of the mandible using matrix assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS)...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782422/osteomyelitis-a-context-for-wound-management
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782414/osteomyelitis-a-context-for-wound-management
#5
Mary E Groll, Timothy Woods, Richard Salcido
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide an overview of osteomyelitis. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After completing this continuing education activity, you should be able to:1. Distinguish the pathogenesis of osteomyelitis in children and adults.2. Identify practical considerations for diagnosis and evidence-based treatment of osteomyelitis...
June 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780794/pediatric-scurvy-when-contemporary-eating-habits-bring-back-the-past
#6
Alice Brambilla, Cristina Pizza, Donatella Lasagni, Lucia Lachina, Massimo Resti, Sandra Trapani
Vitamin C deficiency is anecdotal in developed countries, mainly associated with underling clinical morbidities as autism or neurological impairment. Chronic insufficient dietary supply is responsible for vascular fragility and impaired bone formation, resulting in gingival bleeding, petechial lesions, articular and bone pain or limb swelling. Children may present anorexia, irritability, failure to thrive, limping or refusal to walk. Accordingly, pediatric scurvy is frequently misdiagnosed with osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, bone and soft tissue tumor, leukemia, bleeding disorders, and rheumatologic conditions...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777344/arthroscopic-debridement-for-septic-arthritis-of-the-shoulder-joint-post-infectious-arthritis-is-an-inevitable-consequence
#7
Sung-Jae Kim, Yun-Rak Choi, Wonyong Lee, Woo-Seok Jung, Yong-Min Chun
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes and development of post-infectious arthritis of the shoulder joint after single (Group S) or repeated (Group R) arthroscopic debridement surgeries. We hypothesized that (1) repeated surgeries might be attributable to initial subchondral involvement resulting from septic arthritis and (2) the repeated surgery group would exhibit a higher incidence of post-infectious arthritic changes and inferior clinical outcomes due to prolonged resolution of the infection...
May 18, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776891/chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-in-pediatrics-a-diagnostic-challenge
#8
N Roig-Abraham, M Méndez-Hernández, M Martínez-Morillo
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an autoinflammatory disease that presents with aseptic bone inflammation and can be accompanied by multisystemic symptoms. We present the case of a 14-year-old male with a 2-week history of pain located at the tibial metaphysis and fever. X-ray revealed a lytic lesion in the tibial metaphysis. MRI revealed an intramedullary bone lesion with perilesional bone oedema. CT-guided biopsy discounted malignancy and microbiological cultures were negative. The patient's symptoms and fever worsened after the biopsy; therefore antibiotherapy was commenced for a suspected superinfection...
May 15, 2018: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776425/combined-application-of-latissimus-dorsi-myocutaneous-flap-and-iliac-bone-flap-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-osteomyelitis-of-the-lower-extremity
#9
Jihui Ju, Lei Li, Rong Zhou, Ruixing Hou
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap (stage I) combined with iliac bone flap (stage II) in the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis of the lower extremity. METHODS: Clinical data of 18 patients undergoing latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap in combination with iliac bone flap grafting were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 2 patients developed chronic osteomyelitis of the lower segment of the femur, 4 were diagnosed with chronic osteomyelitis of the tibial plateau, and 12 with chronic osteomyelitis of the lower segment of the tibia...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775082/profile-of-renal-aa-amyloidosis-in-older-and-younger-individuals-a-single-centre-experience
#10
Siyar Erdogmus, Zeynep Kendi Celebi, Serkan Akturk, Gizem Kumru, Neval Duman, Kenan Ates, Sehsuvar Erturk, Gokhan Nergizoglu, Sim Kutlay, Sule Sengul, Kenan Keven
OBJECTIVE: In epidemiological studies of amyloid A (AA) amyloidosis from Turkey, the most frequently cause was familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and it occurs generally in young age population. However, there are no sufficient data regarding aetiology, clinical presentation and prognosis of renal AA amyloidosis in advanced age patients. In this study, we aimed to investigate demographic, clinical presentation, aetiology and outcomes of adults aged 60 years or older patients with biopsy-proven renal AA amyloidosis...
May 18, 2018: Amyloid: the International Journal of Experimental and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774178/effects-of-local-application-of-nano-silver-on-osteomyelitis-and-soft-tissue-infections-an-experimental-study-in-rats
#11
Bahattin Kemah, Gökçer Uzer, Yalçın Turhan, Burak Özturan, Bülent Kılıç, Bilge Sümbül Gültepe, Ayşe Bahar Ceyran, Selim Ertürk, Burak Aksoylu, Özlem Şenaydın, Korhan Özkan
Purpose : Bone and soft tissue infections are among the least desired complications after orthopaedic surgery. This study analysed the in vivo effects of the local application of nano-silver particles (AgNPs) [1nm = 1 billionth of a meter] in soft tissue infections. Materials-Method : An experimental osteomyelitis model was formed by inoculating both tibias of 24 rats with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus . The rats were followed without treatment for 21 days. Blood samples and tibial x-rays at day 21 confirmed the development of infection...
2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773450/acromioclavicular-joint-septic-arthritis-in-an-immunocompetent-child-a-case-report
#12
Saurabh Dutt, Jeetendra Lodhi, Vinod Kumar, Abhishek Kashyap
Septic arthritis of acromioclavicular (AC) joint is a rare entity. It is generally seen in patients who are immunocompromised. Only 15 cases have been reported till now, with only one case series of 6 patients. We report a case of septic arthritis of AC joint in an immunocompetent child. A 9 years old girl presented with history of pain in left shoulder for 4 days associated with fever. No history suggestive of any immunocompromised state was complained. On local examination, a swelling of around 3 cm in diameter was found over left AC joint region with raised local temperature, tenderness on palpation and positive response in fluctuation test...
March 23, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772988/combined-labeled-leukocyte-and-technicium-99-sulfur-colloid-bone-marrow-imaging-differentiating-primary-pyomyositis-pseudotumor-from-osteomyelitis-and-multiple-bone-infarcts
#13
Paul W Perdue, Allison B Spitzer, Dipal Chatterjee, Srinivas Kolla, Aditya V Maheshwari
A 53 year old-female patient with lupus had undergone a cephalo-medullary nailing for a femur shaft fracture 30 years ago. This was complicated by osteomyelitis, requiring multiple debridement procedures and hardware removal. Recently, she developed a painful soft tissue mass in the same region, which was ultimately diagnosed as pyomyositis. Because of chronic bone changes due to her past history, traditional imaging could not differentiate between osteomyelitis infarction and pseudotumor. A combined indium-labeled leukocyte scan with a technetium-99 sulfur colloid marrow scan ruled out osteomyelitis and guided proper treatment without osseous debridement and thus prevented unnecessary cross-contamination of the bone...
2018: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771856/vitamin-e-phosphate-coating-stimulates-bone-deposition-in-implant-related-infections-in-a-rat-model
#14
Arianna B Lovati, Marta Bottagisio, Susanna Maraldi, Martina B Violatto, Monica Bortolin, Elena De Vecchi, Paolo Bigini, Lorenzo Drago, Carlo L Romanò
BACKGROUND: Implant-related infections are associated with impaired bone healing and osseointegration. In vitro antiadhesive and antibacterial properties and in vivo antiinflammatory effects protecting against bone loss of various formulations of vitamin E have been demonstrated in animal models. However, to the best of our knowledge, no in vivo studies have demonstrated the synergistic activity of vitamin E in preventing bacterial adhesion to orthopaedic implants, thus supporting the bone-implant integration...
June 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770531/use-of-antibiotic-impregnated-resorbable-beads-reduces-pressure-ulcer-recurrence-a-retrospective-analysis
#15
Ibrahim Khansa, Jenny C Barker, Piya Das Ghatak, Chandan K Sen, Gayle M Gordillo
BACKGROUND: Recurrence of pressure ulcers remains common. We have employed resorbable antibiotic beads as a therapeutic strategy to deliver high local antibiotic concentrations to the debridement site. Our objective was to determine whether the use of resorbable antibiotic- beads would reduce pressure ulcer recurrence. METHODS: We reviewed all stage IV pressure ulcers treated with excision, partial ostectomy and flap coverage over 16 years. Baseline patient factors (location of ulcer, presence of osteomyelitis, preoperative prealbumin), surgical factors (type of flap, use of antibiotic beads, bone culture results) and postoperative outcomes (ulcer recurrence at 1 year, dehiscence, seroma, cellulitis) were collected...
May 17, 2018: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765783/multiorgan-failure-and-refractory-lactic-acidosis-due-to-pasteurella-multocida-septicemia-in-a-patient-with-no-animal-exposure
#16
Damaris Pena, Yaneidy Santana, Jose Perez Lara, Efrain Gonzalez, Misbahuddin Khaja
Introduction: Pasteurella multocida is a gram-negative coccobacillus pathogenic to animals. It can cause infection in humans by a bite, scratch, or lick from a cat or dog. P. multocida can cause a variety of infections in humans, including cellulitis, osteomyelitis, endocarditis, peritonitis, and septic shock. Case Presentation: A 56-year-old male presented to our hospital with a 2-day history of fever, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. He denied exposure to cats, dogs or other pets...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762440/reconstruction-of-extensive-post-electric-burn-scalp-defects-with-exposed-bones-a-study-of-12-cases
#17
Periakaruppan Jeyakumar, Alia T Hussain, Ashik R Ahamed
The scalp is a unique part of the human body with respect to its shape and position. It is the part of the body that is usually exposed in its original form, with no covering by any means of clothing. In workplaces, especially in the electrical industry in the area of electrical substations and power transmission lines it is this part of the body that can easily come in contact with high tension electrical wires. Others who can be prone to suffer such injuries are pedestrians, people working on heights, ladies hanging clothes on terraces...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756429/bacterial-osteomyelitis-microbiological-clinical-therapeutic-and-evolutive-characteristics-of-344-episodes
#18
E García Del Pozo, J Collazos, J A Cartón, D Camporro, V Asensi
OBJECTIVE: Osteomyelitis is a difficult-to-cure infection, with high relapse rate despite adequate therapy. Large published osteomyelitis series in adults are rare. METHODS: A total of 344 adult osteomyelitis patients were studied and followed > 12 months after hospital discharge. Demographic, microbiological, clinical, therapeutic and outcome data were analyzed. RESULTS: Mean age was 52.5 ± 18.3 years and 233 (67.7%) were male. Main osteomyelitis types were post-surgical (31...
May 11, 2018: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755606/chronic-osteomyelitis-bacterial-flora-antibiotic-sensitivity-and-treatment-challenges
#19
Kuzma Jerzy, Hombhanje Francis
Background: Chronic osteomyelitis is a catastrophic sequel of delayed diagnosis of acute osteomyelitis. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to determine bacterial flora and antibiotic sensitivity, and to evaluate the outcome of an aggressive surgical approach to chronic osteomyelitis. Methods: This is a single surgeon, prospective cohort study on 30 consecutive patients with clinically and radiologically diagnosed chronic osteomyelitis presented to a hospital...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752591/econazole-releasing-porous-space-maintainers-for-fungal-periprosthetic-joint-infection
#20
Alexander M Tatara, Allison J Rozich, Panayiotis D Kontoyiannis, Emma Watson, Nathaniel D Albert, George N Bennett, Antonios G Mikos
While antibiotic-eluting polymethylmethacrylate space maintainers have shown efficacy in the treatment of bacterial periprosthetic joint infection and osteomyelitis, antifungal-eluting space maintainers are associated with greater limitations for treatment of fungal musculoskeletal infections including limited elution concentration and duration. In this study, we have designed a porous econazole-eluting space maintainer capable of greater inhibition of fungal growth than traditional solid space maintainers...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
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