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occupational disability

Itaru Fukuzawa, Osamu Tokumaru, Nobuoki Eshima, Kira Bacal, Takaaki Kitano, Isao Yokoi
BACKGROUND/AIM: Re-employment is the goal of rehabilitation for many patients after stroke. This study retrospectively examined previously employed stroke survivors who were unable to return to work at time of discharge from hospital and identified factors which were correlated with successful re-employment following a rehabilitation programme involving occupational therapy at a support facility. Factors correlated with reactivation of drivers' licence after stroke were also investigated...
October 18, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Patrick Brzoska, Oliver Razum
BACKGROUND: So far little is known about the utilization of medical rehabilitation among non-German nationals and ethnic German resettlers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the utilization of medical rehabilitation in non-German nationals and ethnic German resettlers prior to disability retirement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Routine data from the German statutory pension insurance scheme were used. Information on 17,369 individuals who retired due to disability in 2015 was available...
October 16, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Janardhana P Aithala, Suraj Kumar, Shodhan Aithal, Shashidhar M Kotian
Study Design: Prospective observational study. Purpose: To evaluate the disability domains relevant to Indian patients with low backache and propose a modified disability questionnaire for such patients. Overview of Literature: The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) is a self-reported measurement tool that measures both pain and functional status and is used for evaluating disability caused by lower backache. Although ODI remains a good tool for disability assessment, from the Indian perspective questions related to weight lifting and sexual activity of ODI are questioned in some of the earlier studies...
October 16, 2018: Asian Spine Journal
Lynn Gitlow, Blaire Janney, Caitlyn Lemery, Julianne McDonald, Bethany McGinley, Kristin Rabideau
Anxiety disorders and/or depression are the most frequently diagnosed mental health problems (MHP) among American college students. Everyday technology (EDT) is being used with those who have MHP to help them cope with the mental/cognitive disabilities arising from having anxiety and/or depression. Deveau investigated the types of EDT students with MHP use to manage their roles as college students. While this research indicated that individuals with MHP were open to learning about EDT they can use, the author recommended further investigation of the topic...
October 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
C M Lameijer, H J Ten Duis, D Vroling, M T Hartlief, M El Moumni, C K van der Sluis
INTRODUCTION: Outcomes of non-osteoporotic patients who sustained a distal radius fracture (DRF) have not gained much attention in recent literature. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of posttraumatic arthritis (PA), to analyze associations of radiological measurements, clinician-reported and patient-reported outcomes (CROs and PROs) with PA and gain insight into employment changes after DRF in non-osteoporotic patients. METHODS: Non-osteoporotic patients following a DRF were selected...
October 13, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Soroor Kalantari, Mojgan Karbakhsh, Zahra Kamiab, Zahra Kalantari, Mohammad Ali Sahraian
OBJECTIVES: Social Stigma is potentially a major problem in multiple sclerosis patients which strongly affects the quality of life. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of perceived stigma in patients with MS in a sample of Iranian population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 305 MS patients who were referred to Iranian Multiple Sclerosis Society in 2014. The main variables were perceived stigma, age, sex, marital status, educational level, occupation, duration of the disease, type of symptoms, disability expanded status scale, family history and economic status...
March 15, 2018: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
Becky Inkster, Gwyneth Zai, Gemma Lewis, Kamilla W Miskowiak
Mood disorders are associated with significant psychosocial and occupational disability. It is estimated that major depressive disorder (MDD) will become the second leading cause of disability worldwide by 2020. Existing pharmacological and psychological treatments are limited for targeting cognitive dysfunctions in mood disorders. However, growing evidence from human and animal studies has shown that treatment with erythropoietin (EPO) can improve cognitive function. A recent study involving EPO-treated patients with mood disorders showed that the neural basis for their cognitive improvements appeared to involve an increase in hippocampal volume...
October 11, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
Kiran Shah, Ashley G Zhao, Huseyin Sumer
Osteoarthritis is one of the most common chronic health problems in the world that causes disability and chronic pain with reduced mobility and is a progressive degenerative disease in weight-bearing joints such as the knee. The pathology of the joint resulting from OA includes loss of cartilage volume and cartilage lesions leading to inflammation of the articular joint structures; its incidence and progression are associated with a variety of risk factors. Most of the current treatments focus on symptom management such as physical and occupational therapies, pharmacological intervention for pain management, and surgical intervention with limited success and do not address nor halt the progression of the disease...
2018: Stem Cells International
Louise Norman Jespersen, Susan Ishøy Michelsen, Bjørn Evald Holstein, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Pernille Due
BACKGROUND: Measurement of quality of life demands thoroughly developed and validated instruments. The development steps from theory to concepts and from empirical data to items are sparsely described in the literature of questionnaire development. Furthermore, there seems to be a need for an instrument measuring quality of life and participation in a population with diverse disabilities. The aim of this paper was to present and discuss the initial steps in the development of the Electronic Quality of Life questionnaire (EQOL)...
October 11, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Satu Ojala, Pasi Pyöriä
AIMS: Precarious employment is an emerging determinant of occupational health, but its association with work-related disability remains little understood. We operationalised precarious work as a multidimensional construct and examined how the accumulation of precarious job features predicts the incidence of receiving a disability pension (DP). METHODS: The study comprised 13,228 employees aged 20-54 who had been interviewed for the Finnish Quality of Work Life Surveys in 1984, 1990, 1997, or 2003...
October 10, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Valentina A Andreeva, Marie-Pierre Tavolacci, Pilar Galan, Joel Ladner, Camille Buscail, Sandrine Péneau, Marie Galmiche, Serge Hercberg, Pierre Déchelotte, Chantal Julia
BACKGROUND: On the population level, the association of age and other sociodemographic factors with eating disorders (ED) is unclear. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the French general population-based NutriNet-Santé e-cohort (n=49 603 adults; 76.3% women; mean age=50.4±14.6 years). ED were evaluated in 2014 with the 5-item SCOFF screening questionnaire and the Expali algorithmic tool. Likely cases of restrictive, bulimic, hyperphagic and other ED were the dependent variables...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Marie Peny-Dahlstrand, Lena Bergqvist, Caisa Hofgren, Kate Himmelmann, Ann-Marie Öhrvall
PURPOSE: People with cerebral palsy (CP) or spina bifida (SB) often struggle to perform everyday-life activities. Both groups frequently also have difficulties in creating and using strategies effectively when performing tasks. The cognitive orientation to daily occupational performance (CO-OP) Approach combines the learning of cognitive strategies with task-specific approaches through a client-centred procedure. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the CO-OP Approach is feasible for and potentially beneficial to adolescents and young adults with CP or SB in Sweden by analysing four areas of feasibility (acceptability, efficacy, adaptation, and expansion)...
October 8, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Marcus Yu Bin Pai, Thais Tavares Terranova, Marcel Simis, Felipe Fregni, Linamara Rizzo Battistella
Neurologic disorders such as stroke and cerebral palsy are leading causes of long-term disability and can lead to severe incapacity and restriction of daily activities due to lower and upper limb impairments. Intensive physical and occupational therapy are still considered main treatments, but new adjunct therapies to standard rehabilitation that may optimize functional outcomes are being studied. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a noninvasive brain stimulation technique that polarizes underlying brain regions through the application of weak direct currents through electrodes on the scalp, modulating cortical excitability...
September 23, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Jang Woo Lee, Young-Ho Lim, Yu Hui Won, Dong Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is an exceedingly common medical condition that results in significant medical and social burden. Sitting for a long period is a common aggravating factor for LBP. Although seat cushion is known to promote comfort, relieve pressure, and correct posture, its effect on chronic LBP has not yet been investigated. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical effect of gel seat cushion on chronic LBP in occupational drivers. METHODS: Occupational drivers with chronic LBP lasting for >6 months were recruited...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yamato Tsuboi, Shunsuke Murata, Fumihiro Naruse, Rei Ono
BACKGROUND: Presenteeism (work productivity loss at work) and low back pain (LBP) are prevalent among eldercare workers. Presenteeism is a serious emerging problem in an occupational setting. While many studies report the impact of pain-related fear on absenteeism, its impact on presenteeism remains unclear. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study to investigate the association between pain-related fear and presenteeism among 505 eldercare workers with LBP...
October 5, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Carrie Stewart, Selvarani Subbarayan, Pamela Paton, Elliot Gemmell, Iosief Abraha, Phyo Kyaw Myint, Denis O'Mahony, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft, Antonio Cherubini, Roy L Soiza
Globally, stroke remains a leading cause of death and disability, with older adults disproportionately affected. Numerous non-pharmacological stroke rehabilitation approaches are in use to address impairments, but their efficacy in older persons is largely unknown. This systematic review examined the evidence for such interventions as part of the Optimal Evidence-Based Non-Drug Therapies in Older Persons (ONTOP) project conducted under an European Union funded project called the Software Engine for the Assessment and Optimisation of Drug and Non-Drug Therapies in Older Persons (SENATOR) [http://www...
2018: PloS One
Renata Ecimović Nemarnik, Jelena Macan
Occupational diseases (ODs) often have a chronic, progressive course, resulting in reduced work capacity and quality of life, prolonged sick leaves, unemployment, early retirements, and disability claims. The aim of this retrospective study was to see how diagnosed ODs affected the employment of 95 Croatian workers between 2005 and 2014. To do that, we reviewed archived data and made a telephone survey. The lowest age at which an OD was diagnosed was 20 years in women and 22 in men, while the shortest duration of work before OD diagnosis was one year for both genders...
September 1, 2018: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
Julián Alfredo Fernández-Niño, Laura Juliana Bonilla-Tinoco, Claudia Iveth Astudillo-García, Edgar Fabián Manrique-Hernández, Vanesa Giraldo-Gartner
This study aims to estimate the relationship between employment status and depressive symptoms among Mexican adults, as well as to explore its differential effect by gender. Cross-sectional study of 36,516 adults between 20 and 59 years of age taken from the 2012 Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey. Depressive symptoms were evaluated using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the employment status was determined a week before the survey. Logistic regression models were stratified by gender and education level and adjusted by sociodemographic and health-related conditions to estimate the association between depressive symptoms and employment status...
September 21, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Brittany M St John, Elizabeth Hladik, Holly C Romaniak, Karla K Ausderau
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) are at an increased risk for health disparities that serve as barriers to participation in daily occupations. Understanding the lived experience of individuals with ID can illuminate barriers and facilitators to these health-promoting occupations. Commonly used methods examining health for individuals with ID may not reveal important information about their daily participation potentially due to cognitive or communication limitations...
October 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Grace Ghalayini, Lisa O'Brien, Helen M Bourke-Taylor
BACKGROUND/AIM: Hands are commonly involved in burn trauma. Occupational therapy in the acute phase aims to reduce the risk of deformities and facilitate return to usual occupations. This study aimed to describe usual occupational therapy care at a major adult burns service, and measure recovery from hand burns in the first six months post-acute hospital discharge. METHOD: To describe usual occupational therapy care, an audit of patient contact statistics over six months was undertaken, and occupational therapy staff were interviewed...
October 1, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
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