Read by QxMD icon Read

occupational disability

S Ibraev, M Alekberov, Zh Zharylkassyn, E Otarov, М Tilemisov
This study is aimed at studying the morbidity with temporary disability (MTD) of employee working in ore beneficiation at chrysotile production of JSC "Kostanay Minerals" . It was found that the incidence of MTD is higher among male male workers than in men in the control group, and the incidence of MTD in the compared professional groups decreases with an increase in work experience. This is possibly due to the fact that the organism of the trained workers is more stable due to the formation of protective adaptive mechanisms to the current production hazards...
October 2018: Georgian Medical News
Jenni Ervasti, Olli Pietiläinen, Ossi Rahkonen, Eero Lahelma, Anne Kouvonen, Tea Lallukka, Minna Mänty
PURPOSE: We developed a job exposure matrix (JEM) to study the association between long-term exposure to heavy physical effort or heavy lifting and carrying at work with disability pension due to musculoskeletal disorders and premature all-cause mortality. METHODS: Exposure to heavy physical effort at work during 1996-2005 was estimated with JEM developed for this study population, where the exposure was based on occupational titles of the participants. We included all employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland, who had annual data of exposure for 8-10 years (1996-2005, n = 18387)...
December 3, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Michiko Toizumi, Hien Minh Vo, Duc Anh Dang, Hiroyuki Moriuchi, Lay-Myint Yoshida
Rubella vaccination programs have dramatically reduced the incidence of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) in developed countries. However, CRS prevalence is still rising in developing countries where rubella-containing vaccines (RCV) are not included in the immunization program and even in some countries where a part of the population lacks immunity to rubella despite the presence of RCV in the regular immunization program. This review aimed to summarize the clinical features of CRS using data from our studies conducted between 2011 and 2015 in Vietnam, wherein we examined clinical manifestations in Vietnamese children with CRS who were born after the large rubella outbreak of 2011; a series of studies dealing with CRS in North America and Europe after the 1960s epidemic; and those from countries before introduction of RCVs...
November 29, 2018: Vaccine
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2017 comparative risk assessment (CRA) is a comprehensive approach to risk factor quantification that offers a useful tool for synthesising evidence on risks and risk-outcome associations. With each annual GBD study, we update the GBD CRA to incorporate improved methods, new risks and risk-outcome pairs, and new data on risk exposure levels and risk-outcome associations. METHODS: We used the CRA framework developed for previous iterations of GBD to estimate levels and trends in exposure, attributable deaths, and attributable disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), by age group, sex, year, and location for 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or groups of risks from 1990 to 2017...
November 10, 2018: Lancet
B Steiger, K Welsch, N Niederstrasser, S Hartmann, P Nilges, A Ljutow, D Ettlin
INTRODUCTION: Occupational and social rehabilitation can be influenced by perceived injustice that results from pain. Currently, the Injustice Experience Questionnaire (IEQ), the tool most commonly used to assess perceived injustice, is not available in German. The aim of this study was the validation of the German-language version of the IEQ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The validation of the IEQ was carried out via a web-based survey. For this purpose, participants completed the IEQ and construct-related scales analogous to the original study Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK), Depression scale of the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scales (D-DASS), Pain Disability Index (PDI), and McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ)...
November 28, 2018: Der Schmerz
Annika Claire Sweetland, Andrea Norcini Pala, Jennifer Mootz, Jennifer Chien-Wen Kao, Catherine Carlson, Maria A Oquendo, Bryan Cheng, Gary Belkin, Milton Wainberg
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, mental and substance-related disorders account for 19% of all years lived with disability, yet the intersection between poverty and mental distress is poorly understood since most psychiatric research is conducted in high-income countries. AIMS: To examine the prevalence of and associations between food insecurity, mental distress and suicidal ideation in three rural village clusters in sub-Saharan Africa. METHOD: Cross-sectional multivariate analysis of sociodemographic variables associated with mental distress and suicidal ideation in three countries...
November 27, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Danielle Levac, Helene M Dumas, Waleed Meleis
BACKGROUND: Motivating interactive tools may increase adherence to repetitive practice for children with disabilities, but many virtual reality and active video gaming systems are too challenging for children with significant needs. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop and conduct a usability evaluation of the Fun, Interactive Therapy Board (FITBoard), a movement toy bridging digital and physical interactions for children with disabilities. METHODS: The FITBoard is a tablet app involving games controlled by hand, head, or foot touch of configurable, wired surfaces...
November 26, 2018: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
Donna Eastwood, Neil Manson, Erin Bigney, Mariah Darling, Eden Richardson, Richard Paixao, Tracy Underwood, Kate Ellis, Edward Abraham
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Patient expectations have been demonstrated to influence recovery following spine surgery. Addressing patient expectations specifically in regards to pain and post-surgical healing is an important factor in improving recovery patterns. Pre-surgical education can potentially help manage patient expectations. PURPOSE: The primary objective was to determine if participation in a single preoperative multidisciplinary educational session would result in reduced patient dissatisfaction with surgical expectations...
November 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Zihang Pan, Caroline Park, Elisa Brietzke, Hannah Zuckerman, Carola Rong, Rodrigo B Mansur, Dominika Fus, Mehala Subramaniapillai, Yena Lee, Roger S McIntyre
Cognitive dysfunction is a symptomatic domain identified across many mental disorders. Cognitive deficits in individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) contribute significantly to occupational and functional disability. Notably, cognitive subdomains such as learning and memory, executive functioning, processing speed, and attention and concentration are significantly impaired during, and between, episodes in individuals with MDD. Most antidepressants have not been developed and/or evaluated for their ability to directly and independently ameliorate cognitive deficits...
November 23, 2018: CNS Spectrums
Farzaneh Rashidi Fakari, Masoumeh Simbar, Marzieh Saei Ghare Naz
Background: Pelvic Girdle Pain (PGP) is one of the most common problems during pregnancy. Psychological variables including attitude, belief, cognition, and fear have more effects on risk factors for back pain, compared to biomechanical factors. Moreover, fear and anxiety may be provoked by the prospect of pain, which is associated with higher levels of disability, compared to pain itself. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between fear-avoidance beliefs and pain in pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain...
October 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
Xin Jiang, Dong Chen
Background: Currently, there is a lack of comparative research about different lumbar disc patterns in patients with work-related chronic low back pain (CLBP) based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) analysis. Therefore, this study, on different patterns of lumbar disc degeneration or herniation in patients with CLBP, is valuable. In this study, we retrospectively investigated lumbar degenerative changes in patients with CLBP by using MRI analysis. Materials and methods: Two hundred and eighty-three patients (110 women and 173 men) with work-related CLBP were enrolled and divided into four groups based on intervertebral disc morphology from MRI analysis, including normal discs (ND) group, degenerative discs (DD) group, bulging discs (BD) group, and herniated discs (HD) group...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Piotr Tederko, Marek Krasuski, Beata Tarnacka
OBJECTIVES: To present a synopsis of evidence on the efficacy of rehabilitation after cervical disk surgery performed for neck pain and radiculopathy. DATA SOURCES: The databases of Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central were searched for studies reporting effects of rehabilitation interventions in patients undergoing surgery due to cervical disk disease with pain and radicular syndrome, published before 31 August 2018. REVIEW METHODS: Project was registered with PROSPERO database (number CRD42018085937)...
November 21, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Linda Björk Ólafsdóttir, Snaefrídur Thóra Egilson, Unnur Árnadóttir, Stefan C Hardonk
BACKGROUND: Life quality has become a widely used concept within rehabilitation and occupational therapy practice. AIM: This study explored child and parent perspectives of life quality of children with physical impairments compared with a group of non-disabled children. METHOD: Data were collected with the Icelandic self- and proxy-reported versions of the KIDSCREEN-27. For children with physical impairments, reports from 34 children and 40 parents were included in the analyses, and in control group reports from 429 children and 450 parents were included...
November 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Louise M Allan, Alison Wheatley, Elizabeth Flynn, Amy Smith, Chris Fox, Denise Howel, Robert Barber, Tara Marie Homer, Louise Robinson, Steve Wayne Parry, Lynne Corner, Jim Anthony Connolly, Lynn Rochester, Claire Bamford
Background: People with dementia (PWD) experience ten times as many incident falls as people without dementia. Little is known about how best to deliver services to people with dementia following a fall. We used an integrated, mixed-methods approach to develop a new intervention which combines theory generated via a realist synthesis and data on current provision and pathways, gathered through a prospective observational study as well as qualitative interviews, focus groups and ethnographic observation...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVEBack pain and neck pain are two of the most common causes of work loss due to disability, which poses an economic burden on society. Due to recent changes in healthcare policies, patient-centered outcomes including return to work have been increasingly prioritized by physicians and hospitals to optimize healthcare delivery. In this study, the authors used a national spine registry to identify clinical factors associated with return to work at 3 months among patients undergoing a cervical spine surgery...
November 1, 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Jenna Gourdeau, Alissa Fingold, Angela Colantonio, Elizabeth Mansfield, Mary Stergiou-Kita
BACKGROUND: Individuals who have experienced a work-related mild traumatic brain injury face a variety of challenges when returning to work. Research has demonstrated that the implementation of workplace accommodations can reduce the incidence of workplace disability. Few studies investigate work-related mild traumatic brain injury from injured workers' perspectives, and none examine workplace accommodations in detail. PURPOSE: This study explores the types of accommodations that individuals receive, and the factors that influence how they are provided and to whom...
November 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Britta Tetzlaff, Anne Barzel, Anne Stark, Gesche Ketels, Martin Scherer
PURPOSE: The study aim was to analyze whether ambulatory therapy of chronic stroke patients contains elements that specifically address "Activity and participation", and to what extent participation as a major goal in rehabilitation is realized in ambulatory care. METHOD: Qualitative and quantitative content analysis of standard therapy of 71 chronic stroke patients with upper limb impairment. 469 statements on therapy of 34 therapists were analyzed using data-driven and concept-driven coding based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health framework...
November 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Roxanne Maritz, Sue Baptiste, Susan W Darzins, Susan Magasi, Chelsey Weleschuk, Birgit Prodinger
BACKGROUND.: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) can serve as reference for standardized documentation of health in clinical practice. PURPOSE.: This study aims to bridge the gap between the ICF and occupational therapy specific concepts, represented by occupational therapy models and their derived assessments. METHOD.: Occupational therapy assessments in relation to their models were systematically linked to the ICF, and a compatibility analysis was conducted...
November 15, 2018: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
Taylor Harris, Hailey Winetrobe, Harmony Rhoades, Carl Andrew Castro, Suzanne Wenzel
As a result of efforts to end homelessness among U.S. veterans, more former service members are entering permanent supportive housing (PSH). While PSH has been successfully used to house homeless veterans, more research is needed about services beyond housing placement and retention. This study uses the Gelberg-Andersen behavioral model for vulnerable populations to determine associations between predisposing, enabling, and need characteristics and recent service use (i.e., services to satisfy basic needs, occupational development, financial, healthcare, mental health) among unaccompanied homeless veterans (N=126) entering PSH in Los Angeles...
June 2018: Clinical Social Work Journal
Shelley E Mulligan
Studies of validity of a new caregiver report measure, the Children's Occupational Performance Questionnaire (COPQ) designed to address children's performance in the domains of personal and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), social participation, play/leisure, and education/work are presented. I examined criterion-related and discriminant validity of the COPQ. Criterion-related validity was addressed by correlating children's COPQ scores with those from the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale (VABS-II)...
November 7, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"