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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154802/microrna-profiling-in-mda-mb-231-human-breast-cancer-cell-exposed-to-the-phaleria-macrocarpa-boerl-fruit-ethyl-acetate-fraction-pmeaf-through-iilumina-hi-seq-technologies-and-various-in-silico-bioinformatics-tools
#1
Nowroji Kavitha, Soundararajan Vijayarathna, Shanmugapriya, Chern Ein Oon, Yeng Chen, Jagat R Kanwar, Vasu Punj, Sreenivasan Sasidharan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Phaleria macrocarpa (Scheff) Boerl, is a famous traditional medicinal plant which exhibited cytotoxicity against various cancerous cells. Traditionally, P. macrocarpa has been used to control cancer, impotency, hemorrhoids, diabetes mellitus, allergies, liver and heart disease, kidney disorders, blood diseases, acne, stroke, migraine, and various skin diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: Recent studies have demonstrated a potent anticancer potential of P...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154689/peripheral-vagal-nerve-stimulation-modulates-the-nociceptive-withdrawal-reflex-in-healthy-subjects-a-randomized-cross-over-sham-controlled-study
#2
Roberto De Icco, Daniele Martinelli, Vito Bitetto, Mauro Fresia, Eric Liebler, Giorgio Sandrini, Cristina Tassorelli
Introduction The mechanism of action of non-invasive vagal nerve stimulation in the treatment of migraine is elusive. We studied its effect in a human model of pain, the nociceptive withdrawal reflex. Methods We enrolled 10 healthy subjects who underwent active non-invasive vagal nerve stimulation and sham treatment in a randomized, cross-over, sham-controlled study. Non-invasive vagal nerve stimulation was delivered with gammaCore®. The assessment of the nociceptive withdrawal reflex was performed at baseline (T0) and at 5 (T5) and 30 (T30) minutes after stimulation...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147842/tetrandrine-alleviates-nociception-in-a-rat-model-of-migraine-via-suppressing-s100b-and-p-erk-activation-in-satellite-glial-cells-of-the-trigeminal-ganglia
#3
Guangcheng Qin, Bei Gui, Jingmei Xie, Lixue Chen, Lianlian Chen, Zhiwei Cui, Jiying Zhou, Ge Tan
Sensitization and activation of the trigeminal ganglia have been implicated in the pathology of migraine. Satellite glial cells (SGCs), a specialized type of glial cells that ensheathe trigeminal neurons, may be critical for peripheral nociceptive sensitization. Tetrandrine (TET), an alkaloid extracted from a traditional Chinese herb, exerts an inhibitory effect on glial activation in vitro and has been used in various neurologic diseases. The current study investigated the effect of TET on nitroglycerin (NTG)-induced trigeminal sensitization and examined potential signaling pathways related to SGC activation in the model of migraine...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144716/mechanism-of-action-of-non-invasive-cervical-vagus-nerve-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-primary-headaches
#4
Bruce Simon, Justyna Blake
Stimulation of the cervical vagus nerve with implanted vagus nerve stimulation (iVNS) has been used clinically for more than 20 years to treat patients with epilepsy. More recently, a non-invasive cervical vagus nerve stimulation (nVNS), gammaCore, was developed, which has been purported to also stimulate the vagus nerve without the cost and morbidity associated with an iVNS system. gammaCore has been used to acutely treat various types of primary headaches, including migraine and cluster headaches (CH), and for the prevention of episodic, chronic, and menstrual migraines and CH...
November 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143861/migraine-with-prolonged-aura-phenotype-and-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Michele Viana, Shazia Afridi
We review the published literature on migraine with prolonged aura (PA), specifically with regards to the phenotype and treatment options. PA is not uncommon. A recent study found that about 17% of migraine auras are prolonged and that 26% of patients with migraine with aura have experienced at least one PA. The characteristics of PA are similar to most typical auras with the exception of a higher number of aura symptoms (in particular sensory and/or dysphasic). There are no well-established treatments at present which target the aura component of migraine...
November 16, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143207/contribution-of-eeg-in-transient-neurological-deficits
#6
Pierre Lozeron, Nadine Carole Tcheumeni, Sahar Turki, Hélène Amiel, Elodie Meppiel, Sana Masmoudi, Caroline Roos, Isabelle Crassard, Patrick Plaisance, Houria Benbetka, Jean-Pierre Guichard, Emmanuel Houdart, Hélène Baudoin, Nathalie Kubis
Identification of stroke mimics and 'chameleons' among transient neurological deficits (TND) is critical. Diagnostic workup consists of a brain imaging study, for a vascular disease or a brain tumour and EEG, for epileptiform discharges. The precise role of EEG in this diagnostic workup has, however, never been clearly delineated. However, this could be crucial in cases of atypical or incomplete presentation with consequences on disease management and treatment. We analysed the EEG patterns on 95 consecutive patients referred for an EEG within 7 days of a TND with diagnostic uncertainty...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143096/-neurofeedback-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-tinnitus-review-and-future-perspectives
#7
REVIEW
T Kleinjung, C Thüring, D Güntensperger, P Neff, M Meyer
Neurofeedback is a noninvasive neuromodulation technique employing real-time display of brain activity in terms of electroencephalography (EEG) signals to teach self-regulation of distinct patterns of brain activity or influence brain activity in a targeted manner. The benefit of this approach for control of symptoms in attention deficit disorders, hyperactivity, depression, and migraine has been proven. Studies in recent years have also repeatedly shown this treatment to improve tinnitus symptoms, although it has not become established as routine therapy...
November 15, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138831/anti%C3%A2-inflammatory-effect-of-migri%C3%A2-heal%C3%A2-in-an-in%C3%A2-vitro-inflammatory-model-of-primary-mixed-glial-cells
#8
Mahmoud Hassani, Farzaneh Sabouni, Mohammad Ansari, Solaleh Emamgholipour, Mohammad-Sadegh Fallah, Shah-Sanam Abbasi, Saeed Ansari Majd
Migri‑Heal®, is a novel herbal remedy that was introduced for the treatment of migraine headaches. Previous studies revealed that this drug may reduce nitric oxide (NO) in an in vitro inflammatory model. The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti‑inflammatory effect of Migri‑Heal® on primary mix glial cells stimulated with LPS. In the current study, neonatal rat primary mix glial cells were isolated from the mixed glial cultures via shaking, and cultured in Dulbecco's' modified Eagle's medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137916/analysis-on-the-risk-factors-of-medication-overuse-headache-in-chinese-patients
#9
Junxia Li, Chunfu Chen, Ligong Zhang, Xiaochen Cui, Chuanqiao Wei, Xiaojun Diao
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk factors of medication-overuse headache in patients with chronic migraine in China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 157 patients who were diagnosed as chronic migraine were chosen from headache outpatients of Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University. Based on a standardized questionnaire, a database was developed and analyzed with 45 indexes. RESULTS: The independent risk factors of medication-overuse headache identified in this study included the frequency of medicine overuse (OR = 9...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136283/population-pk-analyses-of-ubrogepant-mk-1602-a-cgrp-receptor-antagonist-enriching-in-clinic-plasma-pk-sampling-with-outpatient-dried-blood-spot-sampling
#10
Chi-Chung Li, Marissa Dockendorf, Ken Kowalski, Bei Yang, Yang Xu, Iris Xie, Huub Jan Kleijn, Rolien Bosch, Christopher Jones, Bob Thornton, Eugene E Marcantonio, Tiffini Voss, Kevin P Bateman, Prajakti A Kothare
Merck & Co., Inc. (Kenilworth, New Jersey) has recently published an integrated strategy for implementation of dried blood spots (DBS) in late-stage trials for population pharmacokinetic (PK) modeling. We applied this strategy for another late-stage clinical program: ubrogepant (MK-1602), a novel oral calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor antagonist for acute treatment of migraine. At the time of implementation, ubrogepant was entering phase 2 development. DBS was implemented to acquire PK information proximal to an acute migraine event to enable exposure-response modeling...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134730/role-of-central-versus-peripheral-opioid-system-in-antinociceptive-and-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-in-trigeminal-region
#11
V Drinovac Vlah, B Filipović, L Bach-Rojecky, Z Lacković
BACKGROUND: Although botulinum toxin type A (BT-A) is approved for chronic migraine treatment, its site and mechanism of action are still elusive. Recently our group discovered that suppression of CGRP release from dural nerve endings might account for antimigraine action of pericranially injected BT-A. We demonstrated that central antinociceptive effect of BT-A in sciatic region involves endogenous opioid system as well. Here we investigated possible interaction of BT-A with endogenous opioid system within the trigeminal region...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132095/inhibition-of-tnf-reduces-mechanical-orofacial-hyperalgesia-induced-by-complete-freund-s-adjuvant-by-a-trpv1-dependent-mechanism-in-mice
#12
Krzysztof Lis, Tomasz Grygorowicz, Agnieszka Cudna, David E Szymkowski, Ewa Bałkowiec-Iskra
BACKGROUND: Inflammation in the orofacial region results in pain and is associated with many pathological states, including migraine, neuralgias and temporomandibular disorder. Although extensively studied, the mechanisms responsible for these conditions are not known and effective treatments are lacking. We reported earlier that the proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF) plays an important role in regulation of trigeminal ganglion (TG) neuron function in vitro. In the present study we investigated the role of TNF in mechanical hypersensitivity in mice...
June 3, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131328/headache-education-active-waiting-directive-a-program-to-enhance-well-being-during-long-referral-wait-times
#13
Ana Marissa Lagman-Bartolome, Valerie Lawler, Christine Lay
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this initiative was to evaluate the clinical impact, patient acceptability, and sustainability of implementing a newly developed evidence-guided migraine education program in an academic headache center. BACKGROUND: Headache is the fifth most common reason for emergency department (ED) visits and accounts for more than 10 million physician visits annually. Successful management of headaches presents a challenge to both primary care providers and neurologists...
November 12, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131327/cgrp-and-ptx3-as-predictors-of-efficacy-of-onabotulinumtoxin-type-a-in-chronic-migraine-an-observational-study
#14
Clara Domínguez, Alba Vieites-Prado, María Pérez-Mato, Tomás Sobrino, Xiana Rodríguez-Osorio, Ana López, Francisco Campos, Francisco Martínez, José Castillo, Rogelio Leira
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to find a relation between several biomarkers in peripheral blood and outcome after treatment with onabotulinumtoxin A (OnabotA). BACKGROUND: OnabotA is an effective treatment in chronic migraine (CM). Different studies have tried to find predictors of response to treatment, either with clinical characteristics, neuroimaging features, or molecular biomarkers; however, it is still not possible to predict the individual outcome...
November 13, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131326/magnesium-in-migraine-prophylaxis-is-there-an-evidence-based-rationale-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Alexander von Luckner, Franz Riederer
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to systematically evaluate the existing evidence base on magnesium in migraine prophylaxis. METHODS: The search for clinical trials published from 1990 to 2016 was separately conducted by AvL and FR using standard search terms as well as MeSh terms on PubMed and EMBASE. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials investigating prophylactic magnesium administration in migraineurs aged 18-65 were considered eligible. In a mutual effort, the studies found were sorted and analyzed under consideration of the guidelines for controlled trials for drugs in migraine by the International Headache Society and using predefined eligibility criteria...
November 13, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127600/a-review-of-current-and-emerging-approaches-to-pain-management-in-the-emergency-department
#16
REVIEW
Knox H Todd
INTRODUCTION: Pain is the most common symptom prompting an emergency department visit and emergency physicians are responsible for managing both acute pain and acute exacerbations of chronic pain resulting from a broad range of illnesses and injuries. The responsibility to treat must be balanced by the duty to limit harm resulting from analgesics. In recent years, opioid-related adverse effects, including overdose and deaths, have increased dramatically in the USA. In response to the US opioid crisis, emergency physicians have broadened their analgesic armamentarium to include a variety of non-opioid approaches...
December 2017: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120129/the-role-of-electromyographic-blink-reflex-in-the-evaluation-of-headache-incidence
#17
Marijan Cesarik, Iris Zavoreo, Lucija Zadro-Matovina, Tomislav Madžar, Vanja Bašić Kes
Migraine and tension type headache are the most common disabling primary headache disorders. Epidemiological studies have documented their high prevalence and high socioeconomic and personal impacts. According to recent data, migraine ranks as the third most prevalent disorder and seventh-highest specific cause of disability worldwide. Tension-type headache has lifetime prevalence in the general population ranging between 30% and 78% in different studies. According to the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd edition, there also are many other headaches but their incidence in general population is lower than the previously mentioned headaches...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119079/minimizing-nocebo-effect-pragmatic-approach
#18
REVIEW
Majed Chamsi-Pasha, Mohammed Ali Albar, Hassan Chamsi-Pasha
The nocebo effect, the inverse of the placebo effect, is a well-established phenomenon, yet under-appreciated. It refers to nonpharmacological, harmful, or undesirable effects occurring after active or inactive therapy. The frequency of adverse events can dramatically increase by informing patients about the possible side effects of the treatment, and by negative expectations on the part of the patient. Patients who were told that they might experience sexual side effects after treatment with β-blocker drugs reported these symptoms between three and four times more often than patients in a control group who were not informed about these symptoms...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118799/optional-endovascular-therapy-of-dissecting-posterior-cerebral-artery-aneurysm
#19
Mohamed Wael Osman, Krzysztof Kadziolka, Laurent Peirot
BACKGROUND: Posterior cerebral artery aneurysms are uncommon, with an occurrence rate of less than 1% of intracranial aneurysms. They have various shapes, including saccular and fusiform. Dissecting aneurysms may occur in distal posterior cerebral artery and they may affect the whole artery. Endovascular therapy is considered as a safe method of treatment and there are different techniques for endovascular therapy. SUMMARY: Posterior cerebral artery aneurysms are uncommon...
October 2017: Interventional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117961/comorbidity-increases-the-risk-of-relapse-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-prospective-study
#20
Kaarina Kowalec, Kyla A McKay, Scott B Patten, John D Fisk, Charity Evans, Helen Tremlett, Ruth Ann Marrie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between comorbidity and relapse rate in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We recruited individuals with prevalent relapsing-onset MS from 4 Canadian MS Clinics to participate in a 2-year prospective multicenter cohort study involving cross-sectional assessment of comorbidities and relapses. Comorbidities were recorded using questionnaires, and relapses were captured from medical records at each visit. The association between comorbidities at baseline and relapse rate over the subsequent 2-year follow-up period was examined using Poisson regression, adjusting for age, sex, disability, disease duration, and treatment status...
November 8, 2017: Neurology
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