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Nursing orientation

Gil Bar-Sela, Rachel Gruber, Inbal Mitnik, Doron Lulav-Grinwald, Dan Koren
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between attachment orientation and relationships with physicians and nurses among Israeli patients with advanced cancer. SAMPLE & SETTING: 52 patients with advanced cancer during active oncologic treatment. METHODS & VARIABLES: Eligible patients who agreed to participate in the study completed the Experience in Close Relationships Scale, Working Alliance Inventory-Short Revised, and a list of topics, which were defined by the research team as central and common to patients' coping...
September 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Teresa Jerofke-Owen, Jennifer Dahlman
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine patients' experiences and preferences for engaging in their healthcare while hospitalized. BACKGROUND: Promoting patient engagement or involvement in healthcare has become an important component of contemporary, consumer-oriented approaches to quality care. Previous research on patient engagement highlights that preferences for engagement are not assessed while hospitalized, leading to patient role confusion and frustration. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with patients from January to March 2017 to examine their experiences and preferences for engaging in their care while hospitalized on medical-surgical units in the United States...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Valerie A Pfander, Alyssa Breznau
Recruitment and retention of nurses into the perianesthesia environment remains an ongoing challenge in the face of a national nursing shortage. An insufficient supply of experienced critical care nurses exists to fulfill the staffing needs of perianesthesia departments. Literature describes the impact of successful orientation programs on retention and employee engagement. To compensate for the diminished candidate pool and to improve retention, a nurse residency program was created. The program develops non-critical care experienced nurses into postanesthesia care unit-specific critical care nurses over the course of 1 year...
August 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
Kate O'Reilly, Peter Lewis, Michele Wiese, Linda Goddard, Henrietta Trip, Jenny Conder, David Charnock, Zhen Lin, Hayden Jaques, Nathan J Wilson
The specialist field of intellectual disability nursing has been subjected to a number of changes since the move towards deinstitutionalisation from the 1970s. Government policies sought to change the nature of the disability workforce from what was labelled as a medicalised approach, towards a more socially oriented model of support. Decades on however, many nurses who specialise in the care of people with intellectual disability are still employed. In Australia, the advent of the National Disability Insurance Scheme offers an apt moment to reflect upon these decades of specialised nursing care as the context of this nursing care will continue to evolve...
August 1, 2018: Nursing Inquiry
Ching-Wen Hu, Ling-Faung Chen, Hsiao-Chun Lin, Hsiu-Chuan Hsish, Ching-Hwa Teng
BACKGROUND & PROBLEMS: The unit promoted the use of a disease management information system, but lacked consensus regarding its use. The problems that were identified included: the business-oriented design of the information system, lack of education and training, dual-track operations, and awkward operation interface. Use of the information system among nurses in the unit had thus decreased over time. PURPOSE: To increase the prevalence of use of the disease management information system...
August 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Anu Viitala, Marita Saukkonen, Juho T Lehto, Mira Palonen, Päivi Åstedt-Kurki
The purposes of this study were to describe the coping processes and support needs of patients with incurable cancer. The study was conducted as a qualitative study. The research data were gathered by conducting thematic interviews with outpatients with incurable cancer (n = 16) and analyzed by means of inductive content analysis. The results of the study indicate that the lives of patients were temporarily interrupted by the incurable illness. A sympathetic family was perceived as strength, and after the initial shock, the patients began to rebuild their lives...
April 2018: Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing: JHPN
Freda Lennartsson, Per Nordin, Beth Maina Ahlberg
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess what knowledge on non-synostotic plagiocephaly prevention and reversal intervention and control group nurses imparted to parents and parents integrated in infant care. Design: A group of nurses participated in a continuing education on non-synostotic plagiocephaly in one-to-one or small group sessions at their workplace and received guidelines to follow. An evaluation was conducted with 35 intervention group and 15 control group nurses by asking them two open-ended questions 1 year later; 181 intervention group and 90 control group parents were also asked two open-ended questions and to rate their infant's head shape...
July 2018: Nursing Open
Deborah Tolulope Esan, Ayodeji Akinwande Fasoro, Elizabeth Funmilayo Ojo, Brenda Obialor
Globally, higher-than-expected pressure ulcer rates generally are considered a quality-of-care indicator. Nigeria currently has no national guidelines for pressure ulcer risk assessment, prevention, and treatment. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the pressure ulcer knowledge and the attitude of nurses regarding pressure ulcer prevention in a tertiary health institution in Nigeria. During a period of 2 months, nurses were recruited to complete a 25-item paper/pencil survey that included participant demographic information (6 items), pressure ulcer knowledge questions (11 items), and statements on participants' attitude toward pressure ulcer prevention (8 items)...
June 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
Yali Li, Taiwen Feng, Wenbo Jiang
PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate how competitive orientation influences unethical decision making through relationship conflict, and the moderating effect of hostile attribution bias. METHODS: This study was conducted using a self-report questionnaire. Data were collected from 727 employees in Chinese hospitals. For each variable, measures were adopted or adapted from existing literature. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis...
July 26, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
Jason Yuen
BACKGROUND: In academic specialties such as neurosurgery, bibliometrics are often used to guide readers, academic institutes and researchers to make objective assessment of journals. Recently, new indices have been developed to overcome the shortcomings of the widely-used Impact Factor. The objective of our study is to investigate the correlations among six of the commonly used bibliometric indices (Impact Factor, SCImago Journal indicator, SCOPUS h-index, Google h-index, Eigenfactor, Article Influence Score) in Neurosurgical and Spinal Surgical journals...
July 25, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Tessa Dehring, Kathryn von Treuer, Bernice Redley
BACKGROUND: The negative effects of shift work schedules, specifically night and rotating shifts, have been widely reported. However, little is understood whether particular aspects of the organisational environment, related to specific shifts, may influence the negative impact of shift work. This study investigated the variation in organisational climate and health outcomes across shift work schedules (day, night, rotating). METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved nursing staff (n = 108) who were all registered nurses from two Melbourne health services...
July 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Joyce Zurmehly
BACKGROUND: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are the second most common health care-associated infection. CAUTIs represent a serious threat to chronic critically ill patients in long-term acute care hospitals (LTACHs). Evidence-based guidelines have been shown to reduce the risk of infection in acute care settings but are not well documented in LTACHs. METHOD: An evidence-based urinary catheter protocol was developed and implemented across three units in a large LTACH...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Kerstin Löffler, Judith Goldgruber, Gerd Hartinger
Changed employment models, an ageing workforce and demands of new generations are challenging healthcare facilities to go down new paths. Never before have well-qualified staff been as highly sought after within the medical and nursing care sector as they are today. For many years, the Geriatric Health Care Centres of the city of Graz (GGZ)-a large regional health care provider with more than 650 staff across five locations-has focused a lot on the topic of competence management, facilitation of specialist and management careers in nursing and medicine as well as the optimal mix of skills and grades in staffing...
March 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
Henrietta Trip, Kosta Tabakakis, Virginia Maskill, Sandra Richardson, Brian Dolan, Heather Josland, Lisa McKay, Anna Richardson, Lois Cowan, Becky Hickmott, Gail Houston
BACKGROUND: The effect of natural disasters internationally is linked to intensity and duration and the impact of these events for tertiary level professional students is not clearly understood. Following a 7.1 magnitude earthquake in New Zealand in 2010 (with aftershocks lasting 27 months) a number of tertiary nursing students experienced significant disruption to their studies. AIM: To compare the psychological health, resilience and the impact on learning for three cohorts of students engaged in tertiary nursing education during this time...
June 2018: Contemporary Nurse
Hannakaisa Niela-Vilén, Anna Axelin, Sanna Salanterä, Hanna-Leena Melender
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is an important element of motherhood with a preterm infant, but the role of maternal emotions in relation to breastfeeding is vague. PURPOSE: To describe maternal emotions regarding and insights into breastfeeding during the first year after a preterm birth. METHODS: In total, 80 mothers of preterm infants (<35 gestational weeks) participated in this secondary analysis of a larger study. The data were collected with an open question at discharge and 3, 6, and 12 months after the expected birth date and analyzed using thematic analysis...
July 24, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Idrissa Beogo, Amadou Darboe, Oluwafunmilade A Adesanya, Bomar Mendez Rojas
BACKGROUND: Providers' qualification (Medical doctor [MD] or nurse); type of care facility ownership (for-profit [FP] or not-for-profit [NFP]) may all influence individuals' healthcare-seeking behavior and therefore merits empirical assessment to provide valuable evidence-informed policy orientation in the present context of private health system development. Previous studies have not examined these factors in combination, especially within the urban context of sub-Sahara Africa, where the private sector is rapidly growing...
2018: PloS One
Dorothy Wade, Nicole Als, Vaughan Bell, Chris Brewin, Donatella D'Antoni, David A Harrison, Mags Harvey, Sheila Harvey, David Howell, Paul R Mouncey, Monty Mythen, Alvin Richards-Belle, Deborah Smyth, John Weinman, John Welch, Chris Whitman, Kathryn M Rowan
OBJECTIVES: Adverse psychological outcomes, following stressful experiences in critical care, affect up to 50% of patients. We aimed to develop and test the feasibility of a psychological intervention to reduce acute stress and prevent future morbidity. DESIGN: A mixed-methods intervention development study, using two stages of the UK Medical Research Council framework for developing and testing complex interventions. Stage one (development) involved identifying an evidence base for the intervention, developing a theoretical understanding of likely processes of change and modelling change processes and outcomes...
July 23, 2018: BMJ Open
Ruslan Leontjevas, Lily Fredrix, Martin Smalbrugge, Raymond T C M Koopmans, Debby L Gerritsen
OBJECTIVES: Depression, apathy, and cognitive impairments are widespread in nursing home (NH) residents. Scarce research that explicitly compares apathy to depression suggests that the association between apathy and cognitive functioning is stronger than the association between depression and cognitive functioning. This study in Dutch NH residents aimed to use Bayesian methods for comparing the evidence for the relationship of cognitive performance with apathy to that with depression...
July 20, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Erman Yıldız
Sexual minority populations are exposed to more forms of distress than heterosexual individuals, thereby increasing the risk of suicidal behavior. It therefore seems surprising that suicidal behavior in sexual minorities is not sufficiently addressed in the nursing literature.The aim of this review was to integrate evidence-based knowledge and experiences related to suicide in sexual minorities into the nursing literature. This study has been conducted according to PRISMA guidelines, which contains a basic systematic screening process...
August 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Eva Carlsson, Monica E Pettersson
AIM: to describe the structure, content and the communicative and pedagogic strategies in discharge consultations between patients and professionals after colorectal surgery. BACKGROUND: Both nurses and surgeons play an important role in preparing patients for discharge from hospital following surgery for colorectal cancer. DESIGN: An explorative quantitative and qualitative research based on analysis of transcriptions of 13 audio-taped discharge- consultations between patients and nurses and patients and surgeons conducted between January - March 2012...
July 17, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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