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Medical Surgical Nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160493/neonatal-appendicitis-a-survival-case-study
#1
Izabela Linha Secco, Taine Costa, Etiene Letícia Leone de Moraes, Márcia Helena de Souza Freire, Mitzy Tannia Reichembach Danski, Regina Paula Guimarães Vieira Cavalcante
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of neonatal appendicitis in a children's hospital in southern Brazil, demonstrating the impact on neonatal survival. METHOD: Case study with data collection from medical records, approved by the Institution and Ethics Committee for Research with Human Beings. RESULTS: The clinical picture is initially characterized by food intolerance, evolving to hypoactivity, alteration of vital signs and septicemia due to intestinal perforation...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157120/evaluating-nurse-understanding-and-participation-in-the-informed-consent-process
#2
Sydney A Axson, Nicholas A Giordano, Robin M Hermann, Connie M Ulrich
BACKGROUND: Informed consent is fundamental to the autonomous decision-making of patients, yet much is still unknown about the process in the clinical setting. In an evolving healthcare landscape, nurses must be prepared to address patient understanding and participate in the informed consent process to better fulfill their well-established role as patient advocates. RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: This study examines hospital-based nurses' experiences and understandings of the informed consent process...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155251/the-rothman-index-as-a-predictor-of-post-discharge-adverse-events-after-elective-spine-surgery
#3
Ryan P McLynn, Nathaniel T Ondeck, Jonathan J Cui, David R Swanson, Blake N Shultz, Patawut Bovonratwet, Jonathan N Grauer
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The Rothman Index (RI) is a comprehensive rating of overall patient condition in the hospital setting. It is used at many medical centers and calculated based on vital signs, lab values, and nursing assessments in the electronic medical record. Past research has demonstrated an association with adverse events, readmission, and mortality in other fields, but it has not been investigated in spine surgery. PURPOSE: To determine the potential utility of the RI as a predictor of adverse events after discharge following elective spine surgery...
November 15, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153960/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-an-evidence-based-electronic-minimum-dataset-for-nursing-team-leader-handover-a-descriptive-survey
#4
Amy J Spooner, Leanne M Aitken, Wendy Chaboyer
INTRODUCTION: There is widespread use of clinical information systems in intensive care units however, the evidence to support electronic handover is limited. OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to assess the barriers and facilitators to use of an electronic minimum dataset for nursing team leader shift-to-shift handover in the intensive care unit prior to its implementation. METHODS: The study was conducted in a 21-bed medical/surgical intensive care unit, specialising in cardiothoracic surgery at a tertiary referral hospital, in Queensland, Australia...
November 15, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135754/implementation-of-a-pediatric-behavioral-staffing-algorithm-in-an-acute-hospital-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#5
Tamara O'Connor
BACKGROUND: A progressive decline in acute psychiatric facility beds has led to a steadily increasing number of pediatric psychiatric patients hospitalized on acute care medical-surgical units. Clinical nurses in this environment feel ill-equipped to provide quality behavioral health care. AIMS/OBJECTIVES: This project aimed to improve continuity of care as well as staff and patient safety in pediatric acute and transitional care units. The specific objectives related to implementation of a resource allocation algorithm for staffing behavioral health admissions and consistent use of an interdisciplinary psychiatric huddle...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132270/occupational-exposure-attitude-to-hiv-positive-patients-and-uptake-of-hiv-counselling-and-testing-among-health-care-workers-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-nigeria
#6
Modupe O Onadeko, Mary O Balogun, Olanrewaju O Onigbogi, Folashade O Omokhodion
Health care workers (HCWs) are at risk of occupational exposure to HIV. Their attitude to HIV-positive patients influences patients' willingness and ability to access quality care. HIV counselling and testing (HCT) services are available to inform HCWs and patients about their status. There is little information about HCT uptake and attitude to HIV-positive patients among HCWs in tertiary health facilities in Nigeria. The aim of this study was to determine occupational exposure and attitude to HIV-positive patients and level of uptake of HCT services among HCWs in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130226/-prevention-and-treatment-of-perioperative-non-surgery-related-complications-in-elderly-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#7
Sheng Lu, Min Yan
The incidence of elderly gastric cancer patients is increasing, since the average life span is longer than ever before and the medical management is improved. Elderly patients usually have more comorbidities due to gradual loss of immunonutritional and functional status, leading to a higher rate of non-surgery-related postoperative morbidity and mortality. Along with the development of surgical and nursing technique, more and more surgeons would perform surgical procedures on elderly gastric cancer patients without hesitation...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126602/the-potential-of-blended-learning-in-education-and-training-for-advanced-civilian-and-military-trauma-care
#8
Linda Sonesson, Kenneth Boffard, Lars Lundberg, Martin Rydmark, Klas Karlgren
INTRODUCTION: In the field of advanced care of the complex trauma patient, there is an emerging need for focused education and training. However, several hospitals do not support further education and training in this field, and the challenge of releasing time for physicians and nurses is well-known. Educational strategies using blended learning, which combines traditional classroom methods with modern computer-assisted methods and media, have not yet been widely used. This study analysed the educational challenges and areas for improvement, according to senior physicians and nurses, and investigated the potential use of blended learning...
November 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122928/surgical-safety-checklist-training-a-national-study-of-undergraduate-medical-and-nursing-student-teaching-understanding-and-influencing-factors
#9
Caroline Laura Stephanie Kilduff, Thomas Oliver Leith, Thomas M Drake, J Edward F Fitzgerald
INTRODUCTION: Use of the WHO surgical safety checklist is consistently recognised to reduce harm caused by human error during the perioperative period. Inconsistent engagement is considered to contribute to persistence of surgical Never Events in the National Health Service. Most medical and nursing graduates will join teams responsible for the perioperative care of patients, therefore appropriate undergraduate surgical safety training is needed. AIMS: To investigate UK medical and nursing undergraduate experience of the surgical safety checklist training...
November 9, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117055/improving-patient-experience-through-nursing-satisfaction
#10
Amanda McNicholas, Abby McCall, Alanna Werner, Ronda Wounderly, Erin Marinchak, Pamela Jones
Patient experience is a vital component of quality health care. In our institution we sought to improve both nursing satisfaction and collaboration, in conjunction with improving patient experience, predicting the two are directly proportional. We hypothesized that a more satisfied nursing team would result in an overall improvement in patient experience. To explore this hypothesis, we implemented multiple process changes to create an advanced practitioner-directed floor (APDF) on our 28-bed trauma, medical-surgical unit...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110557/post-discharge-issues-identified-by-a-call-back-program-identifying-improvement-opportunities
#11
Patty Ines Ojeda, Areeba Kara
OBJECTIVES: The period following discharge from the hospital is one of heightened vulnerability. Discharge instructions serve as a guide during this transition. Yet, clinicians receive little feedback on the quality of this document that ties into the patients' experience. We reviewed the issues voiced by discharged patients via a call-back program and compared them to the discharge instructions they had received. METHODS: At our institution, patients receive an automated call forty-eight hours following discharge inquiring about progress...
November 7, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107532/palliative-care-communication-in-the-icu-implications-for-an-oncology-critical-care-nursing-partnership
#12
REVIEW
Deborah A Boyle, Susan Barbour, Wendy Anderson, Janice Noort, Michelle Grywalski, Jeannette Myer, Heather Hermann
OBJECTIVES: To describe the development, launch, implementation, and outcomes of a unique multisite collaborative (ie, IMPACT-ICU [Integrating Multidisciplinary Palliative Care into the ICU]) to teach ICU nurses communication skills specific to palliative care. To identify options for collaboration between oncology and critical care nurses when integrating palliation into nursing care planning. DATA SOURCES: Published literature and collective experiences of the authors in the provision of onco-critical-palliative care...
October 26, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100608/-outpatient-management-without-day-1-clinical-follow-up-of-patients-undergoing-uncomplicated-filtering-surgery
#13
A-L Jeancolas, J-B Conart, F Tréchot, J-P Berrod, K Angioi-Duprez, T Maalouf
INTRODUCTION: Although the general increase in ambulatory surgery allows for a 20% reduction in costs of hospitalization, the necessity of a day 1 postoperative visit remains the main problem for elderly patients or those who reside at considerable distance. For these reasons, in 2014, we decided to only see patients with uncomplicated filtering surgery at D5 and D21 and to replace the D1 visit with a telephone call. The primary goal of our study was to analyze a population of patients undergoing uncomplicated filtering surgery who were not seen at D1 and to describe the frequency of postoperative complications, intraocular pressure results and therapeutic management at D5 and D21...
October 31, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099474/nurses-perceptions-of-psychosocial-care-and-barriers-to-its-provision-a-qualitative-study
#14
Cassandra Siyun Chen, Sally Wai-Chi Chan, Moon Fai Chan, Suk Foon Yap, Wenru Wang, Yanika Kowitlawakul
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial care is the culturally sensitive provision of psychological, social, and spiritual care through therapeutic communication. Current evidence suggests that effective psychosocial care improves patients' health outcomes and quality of life. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore nurses' perceptions and experiences in providing psychosocial care to patients and to identify the related barriers and challenges. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative design using semistructured, individual, face-to-face interviews was adopted...
December 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098746/decision-making-in-nursing-practice-an-integrative-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Christine W Nibbelink, Barbara B Brewer
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Identify and summarize factors and processes related to registered nurses' patient care decision-making in medical-surgical environments. A secondary goal of this literature review was to determine whether medical-surgical decision-making literature included factors that appeared to be similar to concepts and factors in Naturalistic Decision Making. BACKGROUND: Decision-making in acute care nursing requires an evaluation of many complex factors...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091037/a-quality-improvement-project-what-first-year-nursing-students-include-in-their-nursing-care-plans-for-patients-with-acute-or-chronic-wounds
#16
Barbara Pieper, Janean Monahan, Mary Kathryn Keves-Foster, Julia Farner, Dalia Alhasanat, Maha Albdour
Nursing education research is lacking with regard to nursing care plans for patients who have a wound and use of the nursing diagnosis impaired skin integrity. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to inform teaching about nursing care planning for patients with wounds by examining what rst-year nursing students attending a fundamentals of nursing course in a Bachelor of Science in Nursing program included in a nursing process assignment when caring for an assigned patient who had an acute or chronic wound...
October 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080434/potential-and-challenges-for-learning-during-acute-medical-surgical-placement-for-intellectual-disability-mental-health-and-midwifery-students
#17
Jane Mc Carthy, Margaret M Graham, Dympna Tuohy, Brid O'Brien, Anne Fahy, Therese Hennessy, Deirdre O'Sullivan, Kathleen Markey
In Ireland nursing and midwifery degree programmes involve four pathways to registration. Three of which, intellectual disability and mental health nursing and midwifery require students to undertake acute medical/surgical placements offering learning opportunities caring for patients with complex needs in settings beyond their core discipline. This paper focuses on findings from a descriptive qualitative study exploring intellectual disability and mental health nursing and midwifery students experiences of such placements...
October 18, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077619/perceptions-of-risk-and-safety-in-the-icu-a-qualitative-study-of-cognitive-processes-relating-to-staffing
#18
Danielle M D'Lima, Eleanor J Murray, Stephen J Brett
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to 1) examine individual professionals' perceptions of staffing risks and safe staffing in intensive care and 2) identify and examine the cognitive processes that underlie these perceptions. DESIGN: Qualitative case study methodology with nurses, doctors, and physiotherapists. SETTING: Three mixed medical and surgical adult ICUs, each on a separate hospital site within a 1,200-bed academic, tertiary London hospital group...
October 26, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068742/experiences-of-peripheral-iv-insertion-in-hospital-a-qualitative-study
#19
Emily Larsen, Samantha Keogh, Nicole Marsh, Claire Rickard
Adult medical and surgical patients admitted to tertiary hospitals regularly have peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) inserted for their treatment. Anecdotally, patients report varying levels of pain and anxiety during the insertion procedure; however, lived experiences of patients are not well documented in the literature. The aim of this study was to gain an understanding of patients' experiences of PVC insertion. Some 10 participants were purposively sampled for semi-structured interviews, from the medical and surgical wards at a tertiary hospital in Queensland, Australia...
October 26, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066939/prevalence-of-neuro-musculoskeletal-pain-and-dysfunction-in-open-heart-surgical-patients-preoperatively-and-at-6-and-12-weeks-postoperatively-a-prospective-longitudinal-observation-study
#20
R Nicole Bellet, Rhonda L Lamb, Tonya D Gould, Harold J Bartlett
Chronic neuro-musculoskeletal pain is an important complication of open-heart surgery (OHS). To better understand the development and natural course of neuro-musculoskeletal pain in the immediate post-OHS period, this prospective longitudinal study assessed the prevalence and degree of pain and shoulder disability, and areas of pain pre- and post-OHS. Usual medical, nursing, and physiotherapy care was provided including early extubation, education, walking, sitting out of bed, and upper, lower limb, and trunk exercises from day 1 post-operation...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
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