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Medical Surgical Nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351177/units-of-distinction-creating-a-blueprint-for-recognition-of-high-performing-medical-surgical-nursing-units
#1
Alvin D Jeffery, Sammie Mosier, Allison Baker, Kimberly Korwek, Cindy Borum, Jane Englebright
BACKGROUND: Hospital medical-surgical (M/S) nursing units are responsible for up to 28 million encounters annually, yet receive little attention from professional organizations and national initiatives targeted to improve quality and performance. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop a framework recognizing high-performing units within our large hospital system. METHODS: This was a retrospective data analysis of M/S units throughout a 168-hospital system...
February 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349540/self-dilation-for-therapy-resistant-benign-esophageal-strictures-towards-a-systematic-approach
#2
Emo E van Halsema, Chantal A 't Hoen, Patricia S de Koning, Wilda D Rosmolen, Jeanin E van Hooft, Jacques J Bergman
BACKGROUND: Patients with therapy-resistant benign esophageal strictures (TRBES) suffer from chronic dysphagia and generally require repeated endoscopic dilations. For selected patients, esophageal self-dilation may improve patient's autonomy and reduce the number of endoscopic dilations. We evaluated the clinical course and outcomes of patients who started esophageal self-dilation at our institution. METHODS: This study was a retrospective case series of patients with TRBES who started esophageal self-dilation between 2012 and 2016 at the Academic Medical Center Amsterdam...
January 18, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336388/assessment-the-effect-of-dexmedetomidine-on-incidence-of-paradoxical-hypertension-after-surgical-repair-of-aortic-coarctation-in-pediatric-patients
#3
Rabie Soliman, Dalia Saad
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of dexmedetomidine on the incidence of paradoxical hypertension in patients undergoing aortic coarctation repair. DESIGN: Randomized observational study. SETTING: University hospital and cardiac center. PATIENTS: The study included 108 pediatric patients with isolated aortic coarctation. METHODS: The patients were classified into two groups (each = 54): Group D: the patients received dexmedetomidine as a loading dose of 0...
January 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335393/peritoneal-metastases-of-colorectal-origin-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-hipec-the-financial-aspect
#4
Tomasz Jastrzębski, Marek Bębenek
The incidence of peritoneal carcinomatosis of colorectal cancer amounts to 5%-15% for synchronous metastases and as much as 40% in cases of local recurrence. Best results are obtained for cytoreductive surgery combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). This treatment offers much better outcomes, leading to 5-year survival rates of as much as 30%-50%. The procedures require significant experience in abdominal surgery, are time-consuming (mean duration of the procedure ranging from 6 to 8 hours) and are burdened by complications that are due not only to the procedure itself but also to the intraperitoneal administration of the cytostatic drug at elevated temperature (41...
December 30, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331220/-impact-of-chronic-illness-on-hospital-nursing-workloads
#5
S Vallés, E Valdavida, C Menéndez, C Natal
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the short-term impact of chronic illness in hospital units and to establish a method that allows nursing workloads to be adapted according to the care needs of patients. METHODS: A descriptive study of the evolution of workloads of nursing staff associated with the care needs of patients between 1 July 2014 and 30 June 2016, in a county hospital. The care needs of the patients were assessed daily using an adaptation of the Montesinos scheme...
January 10, 2018: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326193/patient-satisfaction-with-hospital-care-and-nurses-in-england-an-observational-study
#6
Linda H Aiken, Douglas M Sloane, Jane Ball, Luk Bruyneel, Anne Marie Rafferty, Peter Griffiths
OBJECTIVES: To inform healthcare workforce policy decisions by showing how patient perceptions of hospital care are associated with confidence in nurses and doctors, nurse staffing levels and hospital work environments. DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys of 66 348 hospital patients and 2963 inpatient nurses. SETTING: Patients surveyed were discharged in 2010 from 161 National Health Service (NHS) trusts in England. Inpatient nurses were surveyed in 2010 in a sample of 46 hospitals in 31 of the same 161 trusts...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325943/neurosurgical-care-availability-and-access-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#7
Maria Punchak, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, Sonal Sachdev, Ya-Ching Hung, Sophie Peeters, Abbas Rattani, Michael Dewan, Walter D Johnson, Kee B Park
BACKGROUND: An estimated 5 billion people worldwide lack access to basic surgical care. In particular, the vast majority of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) currently struggle to provide adequate neurosurgical services. Significant barriers exist, including limited access to trained medical, nursing and allied health staff, lack of equipment, and availability of services at reasonable distance and at reasonable cost to patients. An accurate assessment of current neurosurgical capacity in LIMCs is an essential first step in tackling this deficit...
January 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319654/trauma-and-intensive-care-nursing-knowledge-and-attitude-of-foley-catheter-insertion-and-maintenance
#8
Brenda Shaver, Stephanie A Eyerly-Webb, Zoe Gibney, Linda Silverman, Candace Pineda, Rachele J Solomon
In the acute care setting, the majority of urinary tract infections are associated with indwelling urinary catheters. Despite guidelines for proper use, catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) continue to occur in critically ill/injured patients. There is a paucity of data on the translation between CAUTI prevention education and behavioral change. This project evaluated nurse's clinical knowledge and attitude toward Foley catheter insertion and maintenance to determine the benefits of addressing gaps in knowledge and inconsistencies in attitude through education...
January 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316297/prevalence-defining-characteristics-and-related-factors-of-the-nursing-diagnosis-of-anxiety-in-hospitalized-medical-surgical-patients
#9
Gianfranco Sanson, Annalisa Perrone, Adriana Fascì, Fabio D'Agostino
PURPOSE: To document the prevalence of the nursing diagnosis of anxiety in hospital patients, based on its level of severity, defining characteristics (DCs), and other related factors, and to identify the key DCs that serve as predictors of clinically significant anxiety (CSA). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. We enrolled 116 consecutive adult patients hospitalized from October 10 to 16, 2016, in medical-surgical wards within the first 48 hr of admission. METHODS: The potential DCs and related factors of anxiety were collected based on the NANDA International terminology...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315454/patients-opinions-on-outcomes-following-critical-illness
#10
H K Nedergaard, T Haberlandt, P D Reichmann, P Toft, H I Jensen
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to explore which outcomes are most important to patients following ICU-discharge, and to explore whether intensive care unit (ICU)-nurses and anesthesiologists are aware of patients' priorities. METHODS: First, interviews with adult ICU-survivors were conducted until data saturation was achieved (10 interviews), and six areas with 36 items were identified. Second, interviews with another eight ICU-survivors were conducted, narrowing the list to 20...
January 7, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314328/nurse-to-nurse-shift-handoffs-on-medical-surgical-units-a-process-within-the-flow-of-nursing-care
#11
Katherine M Ernst, Sara A McComb, Cathaleen Ley
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to qualitatively investigate the medical-surgical nurse shift handoff as a process within the workflow of the exchanging nurses. Specifically, this study sought to identify the ideal handoff, ways the handoff deviated from ideal, and subsequent effect on nursing care. BACKGROUND: The functions as well as information content of the handoff have been studied. However, typical studies look at the handoff as an isolated activity utilizing nurse perceptions as the primary measure of quality...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312839/safety-and-efficacy-of-the-use-of-intrathecal-morphine-for-spinal-three-column-osteotomy
#12
Jason R Audlin, Swamy Kurra, William Lavelle, Richard A Tallarico, Mike H Sun, Nathaniel R Ordway, Elizabeth A Demers Lavelle
Introduction The use of intrathecal morphine has the potential to help alleviate the pain that patients experience undergoing spinal surgeries. Complications can cause immobilization, which can lead to vascular thrombosis and ileus. Studies have shown epidural analgesia significantly lowered postoperative pain scores in scoliosis surgeries. Intrathecal anesthesia has been shown to have good pain control over the initial 24-hour postoperative period. Purpose Determine if intrathecal morphine would reduce postoperative pain with minimal side effects...
November 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306576/an-untapped-resource-in-the-nursing-workforce-licensed-practical-nurses-who-transition-to-become-registered-nurses
#13
Cheryl B Jones, Mark Toles, George J Knafl, Anna S Beeber
BACKGROUND: A more diverse registered nurse (RN) workforce is needed to provide health care in North Carolina (NC) and nationally. Studies describing licensed practical nurse (LPN) career transitions to RNs are lacking. PURPOSE: To characterize the occurrence of LPN-to-RN professional transitions; compare key characteristics of LPNs who do and do not make such a transition; and compare key characteristics of LPNs who do transition in the years prior to and following their transition...
July 20, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306100/nursing-students-perceptions-of-a-video-based-serious-game-s-educational-value-a-pilot-study
#14
Hege M Johnsen, Mariann Fossum, Pirashanthie Vivekananda-Schmidt, Ann Fruhling, Åshild Slettebø
BACKGROUND: Despite an increasing number of serious games (SGs) in nursing education, few evaluation studies specifically address their educational value in terms of face, content, and construct validity. OBJECTIVES: To assess nursing students' perceptions of a video-based SG in terms of face, content, and construct validity. In addition, the study assessed perceptions of usability, individual factors, and preferences regarding future use. DESIGN: A pilot study was conducted...
December 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299002/care-gaps-in-the-electronic-discharge-medication-reconciliation-process-at-an-acute-care-facility
#15
Kelly MacDonald, Marsha Cusack, Su Qiong Rebecca Liang, Kilby Rinco
Background: Many patients experience adverse events at the time of discharge from hospital, and most of these events are medication-related. To improve patient safety, Health PEI (the health authority for Prince Edward Island) has made medication reconciliation a priority. The Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Charlottetown is one of the few Canadian hospitals with an electronic discharge process. A discharge report has been developed to provide pertinent information to patients at discharge, including a final medication list to be shared with the community pharmacy at the patient's discretion...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288642/improving-staff-communication-and-transitions-of-care-between-obstetric-triage-and-labor-and-delivery
#16
Kathleen O'Rourke, Joseph Teel, Erika Nicholls, Daniel D Lee, Alyssa Covelli Colwill, Sindhu K Srinivas
OBJECTIVE: To improve staff perception of the quality of the patient admission process from obstetric triage to the labor and delivery unit through standardization. DESIGN: Preassessment and postassessment online surveys. SETTING: A 13-bed labor and delivery unit in a quaternary care, Magnet Recognition Program, academic medical center in Pennsylvania. PARTICIPANTS: Preintervention (n = 100), postintervention (n = 52), and 6-month follow-up survey respondents (n = 75) represented secretaries, registered nurses, surgical technicians, certified nurse-midwives, nurse practitioners, maternal-fetal medicine fellows, anesthesiologists, and obstetric and family medicine attending and resident physicians from triage and labor and delivery units...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288498/enhanced-early-warning-system-impact-on-nursing-practice-a-phenomenological-study
#17
Kathleen A Burns, Tracey Reber, Karen Theodore, Brenda Welch, Debra Roy, Sandra L Siedlecki
AIM: To determine how an enhanced early warning system has an impact on nursing practice. BACKGROUND: Early warning systems score physiologic measures and alert nurses to subtle changes in patient condition. Critics of early warning systems have expressed concern that nurses would rely on a score rather than assessment skills and critical thinking to determine the need for intervention. Enhancing early warning systems with innovative technology is still in its infancy so the impact of an enhanced early warning system on nursing behaviors or practice has not yet been studied...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284341/cerebral-perfusion-monitoring-in-adult-patients-following-cardiac-surgery-an-observational-study
#18
Tammy Slater, Julie Stanik-Hutt, Patricia Davidson
BACKGROUND: Strokes following adult cardiac surgery contribute to burdensome neurocognitive complications, which are often difficult to detect during the perioperative period. Fluctuations in regional cerebral perfusion and co-morbid conditions, such as hypertension, diabetes, prior stroke, symptomatic carotid stenosis, aortic atherosclerotic disease, and peripheral vascular disease are associated with perioperative strokes. Approaches to achieve optimal cerebral perfusion remain elusive and traditional strategies for perioperative monitoring are not always sufficiently sensitive to detect acute changes in cerebral perfusion...
December 28, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275068/sucrose-octasulfate-dressing-versus-control-dressing-in-patients-with-neuroischaemic-diabetic-foot-ulcers-explorer-an-international-multicentre-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Michael Edmonds, José Luis Lázaro-Martínez, Jesus Manuel Alfayate-García, Jacques Martini, Jean-Michel Petit, Gerry Rayman, Ralf Lobmann, Luigi Uccioli, Anne Sauvadet, Serge Bohbot, Jean-Charles Kerihuel, Alberto Piaggesi
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot ulcers are serious and challenging wounds associated with high risk of infection and lower-limb amputation. Ulcers are deemed neuroischaemic if peripheral neuropathy and peripheral artery disease are both present. No satisfactory treatment for neuroischaemic ulcers currently exists, and no evidence supports one particular dressing. We aimed to assess the effect of a sucrose octasulfate dressing versus a control dressing on wound closure in patients with neuroischaemic diabetic foot ulcers...
December 20, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258973/two-way-social-media-messaging-in-postoperative-cataract-surgical-patients-prospective-interventional-study
#20
Thuss Sanguansak, Katharine E Morley, Michael G Morley, Kavin Thinkhamrop, Jaruwan Thuanman, Isha Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Social media offers a new way to provide education, reminders, and support for patients with a variety of health conditions. Most of these interventions use one-way, provider-patient communication. Incorporating social media tools to improve postoperative (postop) education and follow-up care has only been used in limited situations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and efficacy of two-way social media messaging to deliver reminders and educational information about postop care to cataract patients...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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