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Eeg oscillation phase reset

Ying Gao, Carl Huber, Bernhard A Sabel
Purpose: To understand the effect of aging on microsaccade functions and brain physiologic responses, we quantified microsaccades and their physiologic correlates (including their interaction with alpha band brain oscillation) in normal subjects of different ages. Methods: Twenty-two normally sighted young (18 to 29 years), 22 middle-aged (31 to 55 years), and 22 elderly subjects (56 to 77 years) participated in this cross-sectional study. Dense array EEG and high-resolution eye-tracking data were simultaneously recorded during a fixation task...
April 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Milan Halgren, Daniel Fabó, István Ulbert, Joseph R Madsen, Lorand Erőss, Werner K Doyle, Orrin Devinsky, Donald Schomer, Sydney S Cash, Eric Halgren
The neocortex is composed of six anatomically and physiologically specialized layers. It has been proposed that integration of activity across cortical areas is mediated anatomically by associative connections terminating in superficial layers, and physiologically by slow cortical rhythms. However, the means through which neocortical anatomy and physiology interact to coordinate neural activity remains obscure. Using laminar microelectrode arrays in 19 human participants, we found that most EEG activity is below 10-Hz (delta/theta) and generated by superficial cortical layers during both wakefulness and sleep...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
Alice Tomassini, Luca Ambrogioni, W Pieter Medendorp, Eric Maris
Ongoing brain oscillations are known to influence perception, and to be reset by exogenous stimulations. Voluntary action is also accompanied by prominent rhythmic activity, and recent behavioral evidence suggests that this might be coupled with perception. Here, we reveal the neurophysiological underpinnings of this sensorimotor coupling in humans. We link the trial-by-trial dynamics of EEG oscillatory activity during movement preparation to the corresponding dynamics in perception, for two unrelated visual and motor tasks...
July 7, 2017: ELife
David M Simon, Mark T Wallace
Temporal structure is ubiquitous in sensory signals, and the brain has been shown to robustly represent information about temporal structure in the phase of low frequency neural oscillations. In a related construct, the integration of information across the different senses has been proposed to be at least partly due to the phase resetting of these low frequency oscillations. As a consequence, oscillations represent a potential contributor to the encoding of complex multisensory signals with informative temporal structures...
September 2017: Brain Topography
Rob H J Van der Lubbe, Izabela Szumska, Małgorzata Fajkowska
New analysis techniques of the electroencephalogram (EEG) such as wavelet analysis open the possibility to address questions that may largely improve our understanding of the EEG and clarify its relation with related potentials (ER Ps). Three issues were addressed. 1) To what extent can early ERERP components be described as transient evoked oscillations in specific frequency bands? 2) Total EEG power (TP) after a stimulus consists of pre-stimulus baseline power (BP), evoked power (EP), and induced power (IP), but what are their respective contributions? 3) The Phase Reset model proposes that BP predicts EP, while the evoked model holds that BP is unrelated to EP; which model is the most valid one? EEG results on NoGo trials for 123 individuals that took part in an experiment with emotional facial expressions were examined by computing ERPs and by performing wavelet analyses on the raw EEG and on ER Ps...
2016: Advances in Cognitive Psychology
Tam T Tran, Nicole C Hoffner, Sara C LaHue, Lisa Tseng, Bradley Voytek
Alpha oscillations (7-14Hz) are modulated in response to visual temporal and spatial cues. However, the neural response to alerting cues is less explored, as is how this response is affected by healthy aging. Using scalp EEG, we examined how visual cortical alpha activity relates to working memory performance. Younger (20-30 years) and older (60-70 years) participants were presented with a visual alerting cue uninformative of the position or size of a lateralized working memory array. Older adults showed longer response times overall and reduced accuracy when memory load was high...
December 2016: NeuroImage
Emmanuel Biau, Mireia Torralba, Lluis Fuentemilla, Ruth de Diego Balaguer, Salvador Soto-Faraco
Speakers often accompany speech with spontaneous beat gestures in natural spoken communication. These gestures are usually aligned with lexical stress and can modulate the saliency of their affiliate words. Here we addressed the consequences of beat gestures on the neural correlates of speech perception. Previous studies have highlighted the role played by theta oscillations in temporal prediction of speech. We hypothesized that the sight of beat gestures may influence ongoing low-frequency neural oscillations around the onset of the corresponding words...
July 2015: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
Roberto Cecere, Geraint Rees, Vincenzo Romei
Perception routinely integrates inputs from different senses. Stimulus temporal proximity critically determines whether or not these inputs are bound together. Despite the temporal window of integration being a widely accepted notion, its neurophysiological substrate remains unclear. Many types of common audio-visual interactions occur within a time window of ∼100 ms. For example, in the sound-induced double-flash illusion, when two beeps are presented within ∼100 ms together with one flash, a second illusory flash is often perceived...
January 19, 2015: Current Biology: CB
Adele Diederich, Annette Schomburg, Marieke van Vugt
The phase reset hypothesis states that the phase of an ongoing neural oscillation, reflecting periodic fluctuations in neural activity between states of high and low excitability, can be shifted by the occurrence of a sensory stimulus so that the phase value become highly constant across trials (Schroeder et al., 2008). From EEG/MEG studies it has been hypothesized that coupled oscillatory activity in primary sensory cortices regulates multi sensory processing (Senkowski et al. 2008). We follow up on a study in which evidence of phase reset was found using a purely behavioral paradigm by including also EEG measures...
2014: PloS One
Laura Dugué, Philippe Marque, Rufin VanRullen
Visual search--finding a target element among similar-looking distractors--is one of the prevailing experimental methods to study attention. Current theories of visual search postulate an early stage of feature extraction interacting with an attentional process that selects candidate targets for further analysis; in difficult search situations, this selection is iterated until the target is found. Although such theories predict an intrinsic periodicity in the neuronal substrates of attentional search, this prediction has not been extensively tested in human electrophysiology...
May 2015: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Nils Rosjat, Svitlana Popovych, Silvia Daun-Gruhn
BACKGROUND: Recent experimental results suggest that impairment of auditory information processing in the thalamo-cortical loop is crucially related to schizophrenia. Large differences between schizophrenia patients and healthy controls were found in the cortical EEG signals. METHODS: We derive a phenomenological mathematical model, based on coupled phase oscillators with continuously distributed frequencies to describe the neural activity of the thalamo-cortical loop...
2014: Theoretical Biology & Medical Modelling
Yasushi Naruse, Ken Takiyama, Masato Okada, Hiroaki Umehara, Yutaka Sakaguchi
Although the phase shifts in ongoing oscillations seen in electroencephalograms (EEGs) and magnetoencephalograms are an important factor in discussions of phase dynamics, such as synchrony and reset, few studies have focused specifically on the phase shift. Here we investigate the relationship between phase shifts in alpha-frequency rhythms and reaction times during a visual simple reaction task by applying our previously described method (Naruse et al., 2013), which enables detection of phase shifts from a single EEG trial...
February 2015: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
Andrew L Bowers, Tim Saltuklaroglu, Ashley Harkrider, Matt Wilson, Mary A Toner
Oscillatory models of speech processing have proposed that rhythmic cortical oscillations in sensory and motor regions modulate speech sound processing from the bottom-up via phase reset at low frequencies (3-10 Hz) and from the top-down via the disinhibition of alpha/beta rhythms (8-30 Hz). To investigate how the proposed rhythms mediate perceptual performance, electroencephalographic (EEG) was recorded while participants passively listened to or actively identified speech and tone-sweeps in a two-force choice in noise discrimination task presented at high and low signal-to-noise ratios...
2014: Frontiers in Psychology
Adele Diederich, Annette Schomburg, Hans Colonius
Initiating an eye movement towards a suddenly appearing visual target is faster when an accessory auditory stimulus occurs in close spatiotemporal vicinity. Such facilitation of saccadic reaction time (SRT) is well-documented, but the exact neural mechanisms underlying the crossmodal effect remain to be elucidated. From EEG/MEG studies it has been hypothesized that coupled oscillatory activity in primary sensory cortices regulates multisensory processing. Specifically, it is assumed that the phase of an ongoing neural oscillation is shifted due to the occurrence of a sensory stimulus so that, across trials, phase values become highly consistent (phase reset)...
2012: PloS One
Nai Ding, Jonathan Z Simon
Natural sensory inputs, such as speech and music, are often rhythmic. Recent studies have consistently demonstrated that these rhythmic stimuli cause the phase of oscillatory, i.e. rhythmic, neural activity, recorded as local field potential (LFP), electroencephalography (EEG) or magnetoencephalography (MEG), to synchronize with the stimulus. This phase synchronization, when not accompanied by any increase of response power, has been hypothesized to be the result of phase resetting of ongoing, spontaneous, neural oscillations measurable by LFP, EEG, or MEG...
April 2013: Journal of Computational Neuroscience
L Palaniyappan, K Doege, P Mallikarjun, E Liddle, P Francis-Liddle
Schizophrenia is characterised by both electrophysiological abnormalities and consistent changes in the structure of cortical grey matter. But the relationship between these two observations is largely unknown. Structural changes reported in schizophrenia include reduced grey matter volume, thickness and surface area in several cortical regions, but most frequently in the insula and anterior cingulate cortex. These two regions together constitute an intrinsic brain circuit known as the "Salience Network", which has a key role in stimulus processing...
April 2012: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Gunnar Waterstraat, Bartosz Telenczuk, Martin Burghoff, Tommaso Fedele, Hans J Scheer, Gabriel Curio
OBJECTIVE: Median nerve somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) contain a brief oscillatory wavelet burst at about 600 Hz (σ-burst) superimposed on the initial cortical component (N20). While invasive single-cell recordings suggested that this burst is generated by increased neuronal spiking activity in area 3b, recent non-invasive scalp recordings could not reveal concomitant single-trial added-activity, suggesting that the SEP burst might instead be generated by phase-reset of ongoing high-frequency EEG...
October 2012: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Paul Sauseng
New research suggests that auditory stimuli can reset human oscillatory activity in visual cortex. This change in rhythmical brain activity leads to modulation of visual perception.
May 8, 2012: Current Biology: CB
Deokwon Ko, Soyoung Kwon, Gwan-Taek Lee, Chang Hwan Im, Kyung Hwan Kim, Ki-Young Jung
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the mechanism underlying the auditory discriminatory process reflected in mismatch negativity (MMN), using time-frequency analysis of single-trial event-related potentials (ERPs). METHODS: Two auditory tones of different probabilities (oddball paradigm) and the same probability (control paradigm) were used. The average dynamic changes in amplitude were evaluated, and the in-phase consistency of the EEG spectrum at each frequency and time window across trials, event-related spectral perturbations (ERSPs), and inter-trial phase coherence (ITC) were computed...
March 2012: Journal of Clinical Neurology
Vincenzo Romei, Joachim Gross, Gregor Thut
An event in one sensory modality can phase reset brain oscillations concerning another modality. In principle, this may result in stimulus-locked periodicity in behavioral performance. Here we considered this possible cross-modal impact of a sound for one of the best-characterized rhythms arising from the visual system, namely occipital alpha-oscillations (8-14 Hz). We presented brief sounds and concurrently recorded electroencephalography (EEG) and/or probed visual cortex excitability (phosphene perception) through occipital transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)...
May 8, 2012: Current Biology: CB
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