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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30482214/the-role-of-the-hotel-industry-in-the-response-to-emerging-epidemics-a-case-study-of-sars-in-2003-and-h1n1-swine-flu-in-2009-in-hong-kong
#1
Kevin K C Hung, Carman K M Mark, May P S Yeung, Emily Y Y Chan, Colin A Graham
BACKGROUND: The global travel and tourism industry has been rapidly expanding in the past decades. The traditional focus on border screening, and by airline and cruise industries may be inadequate due to the incubation period of an infectious disease. This case study highlights the potential role of the hotel industry in epidemic preparedness and response. METHODS: This case study focuses on the epidemic outbreaks of SARS in 2003 and H1N1 swine flu in 2009 in Hong Kong, and the subsequent guidelines published by the health authority in relation to the hotel industry in Hong Kong which provide the backbone for discussion...
November 27, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30298473/a-phase-iii-open-label-single-arm-study-to-evaluate-the-safety-and-immunogenicity-of-a-trivalent-surface-antigen-inactivated-subunit-influenza-virus-vaccine-produced-in-mammalian-cell-culture-optaflu%C3%A2-in-healthy-adults
#2
Micha Loebermann, Carlos Fritzsche, Hilte Geerdes-Fenge, Esther Heijnen, Daniel Kirby, Emil C Reisinger
Vaccination is an essential tool in reducing the impact of seasonal influenza infections. The viral strains responsible for seasonal outbreaks vary annually, and preventive vaccines have to be adapted accordingly. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety, clinical tolerability and the antibody response to each of the three influenza vaccine antigens after vaccination with a cell-derived, trivalent, surface antigen, inactivated influenza vaccine (TIVc), as measured by single radial haemolysis (SRH) or haemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay in accordance with European Union licensing guidelines in place for years 2013/2014...
October 8, 2018: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870279/coverage-of-epidemics-in-american-newspapers-through-the-lens-of-the-crisis-and-emergency-risk-communication-framework
#3
Yotam Ophir
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication (CERC) framework has been used by the organization during recent outbreaks of infectious diseases. However, the dissemination of the organization's crisis messages depends largely on mass media coverage. This study analyzed 5,006 articles from leading American newspapers covering 3 epidemics: H1N1, Ebola, and Zika. Using a mixed method of automated and manual content analysis, it identified 3 distinct themes used to cover the diseases: pandemic, scientific, and social...
May 2018: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859802/influenza-vaccination-for-hiv-positive-people-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Wei Zhang, Huiying Sun, Mohammad Atiquzzaman, Julie Sou, Aslam H Anis, Curtis Cooper
BACKGROUND: People with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) are highly susceptible to influenza-related morbidity and mortality. In order to assess comparative efficacy of influenza vaccine strategies among HIV-positive people, we performed a systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analysis (NMA). METHODS: In this systematic review, we searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and CINAHL between 1946 and July 2015 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on influenza vaccines for HIV-positive adults reporting seroconversion or seroprotection outcomes...
June 27, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847593/an-evaluation-of-emergency-guidelines-issued-by-the-world-health-organization-in-response-to-four-infectious-disease-outbreaks
#5
Susan L Norris, Veronica Ivey Sawin, Mauricio Ferri, Laura Reques Sastre, Teegwendé V Porgo
BACKGROUND: The production of high-quality guidelines in response to public health emergencies poses challenges for the World Health Organization (WHO). The urgent need for guidance and the paucity of structured scientific data on emerging diseases hinder the formulation of evidence-informed recommendations using standard methods and procedures. OBJECTIVES: In the context of the response to recent public health emergencies, this project aimed to describe the information products produced by WHO and assess the quality and trustworthiness of a subset of these products classified as guidelines...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727522/development-of-a-short-course-on-management-of-critically-ill-patients-with-acute-respiratory-infection-and-impact-on-clinician-knowledge-in-resource-limited-intensive-care-units
#6
Janet V Diaz, Justin R Ortiz, Paula Lister, Nahoko Shindo, Neill K J Adhikari
BACKGROUND: The 2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic caused surges of patients in intensive care units (ICUs) in resource-limited settings. Several Ministries of Health requested clinical management guidance from the World Health Organization (WHO), which had not previously developed guidance regarding critically ill patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the acceptability and impact on knowledge of a short course about the management of critically ill patients with acute respiratory infections complicated by sepsis or acute respiratory distress syndrome delivered to clinicians in resource-limited ICUs...
May 4, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694372/data-quality-and-timeliness-of-outbreak-reporting-system-among-countries-in-greater-mekong-subregion-challenges-for-international-data-sharing
#7
Saranath Lawpoolsri, Jaranit Kaewkungwal, Amnat Khamsiriwatchara, Ly Sovann, Bun Sreng, Bounlay Phommasack, Viengsavanh Kitthiphong, Soe Lwin Nyein, Nyan Win Myint, Nguyen Dang Vung, Pham Hung, Mark S Smolinski, Adam W Crawley, Moe Ko Oo
Cross-border disease transmission is a key challenge for prevention and control of outbreaks. Variation in surveillance structure and national guidelines used in different countries can affect their data quality and the timeliness of outbreak reports. This study aimed to evaluate timeliness and data quality of national outbreak reporting for four countries in the Mekong Basin Disease Surveillance network (MBDS). Data on disease outbreaks occurring from 2010 to 2015 were obtained from the national disease surveillance reports of Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, and Vietnam...
April 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684427/relationship-between-the-frequency-of-influenza-vaccination-and-cell-mediated-immunity
#8
Naruhito Otani, Masayuki Shima, Takashi Ueda, Kaoru Ichiki, Kazuhiko Nakajima, Yoshio Takesue, Kenta Honjo, Natsuko Yoshida, Sayo Kawata, Toshiomi Okuno
Despite established guidelines for population-level assessments of immunity after vaccination, standard methods for individual-level analyses have not been established, limiting the ability to optimize vaccination strategies within a particular season. In this study, we evaluated changes in cell-mediated immunity (CMI) with respect to the number of influenza vaccine doses. In particular, the influenza vaccine was administered to 21 adults during the 2015-2016 season. IFN-γ production induced by the influenza vaccine antigens [A (H1N1), A (H3N2), B (Yamagata lineage), and B (Victoria lineage)] increased after the first dose of vaccination in 11, 10, 10, and 11 subjects, respectively...
July 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545454/a-systematic-review-and-metaanalysis-of-antirheumatic-drugs-and-vaccine-immunogenicity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Sujith Subesinghe, Katie Bechman, Andrew I Rutherford, David Goldblatt, James B Galloway
OBJECTIVE: Vaccination is a key strategy to reduce infection risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and is advocated in internationally recognized rheumatology society guidelines. The aim was to evaluate to the effect of antirheumatic drugs on influenza and pneumococcal vaccine immunogenicity. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review and metaanalysis comparing the humoral response to influenza (pandemic and seasonal trivalent subunit vaccines) and pneumococcal (23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine, 7- and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugated vaccines) vaccination in adult patients with RA treated with antirheumatic drugs...
June 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202715/epidemiology-of-influenza-in-west-africa-after-the-2009-influenza-a-h1n1-pandemic-2010-2012
#10
Ndahwouh Talla Nzussouo, Jazmin Duque, Adebayo Abel Adedeji, Daouda Coulibaly, Samba Sow, Zekiba Tarnagda, Issaka Maman, Adamou Lagare, Sonia Makaya, Mohamed Brahim Elkory, Herve Kadjo Adje, Paul Alhassan Shilo, Boubou Tamboura, Assana Cisse, Kossi Badziklou, Halima Boubacar Maïnassara, Ahmed Ould Bara, Adama Mamby Keita, Thelma Williams, Ann Moen, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Meredith McMorrow
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, capacity for influenza surveillance and research in West Africa has strengthened. Data from these surveillance systems showed influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 circulated in West Africa later than in other regions of the continent. METHODS: We contacted 11 West African countries to collect information about their influenza surveillance systems (number of sites, type of surveillance, sampling strategy, populations sampled, case definitions used, number of specimens collected and number of specimens positive for influenza viruses) for the time period January 2010 through December 2012...
December 4, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073730/molecular-and-epidemiological-analysis-of-pandemic-and-post-pandemic-influenza-a-h1n1-pdm09-virus-from-central-india
#11
Mahima Sahu, Neeru Singh, Mohan K Shukla, Varhsa A Potdar, Ravendra K Sharma, Lalit Kumar Sahare, Mahendra J Ukey, Pradip V Barde
Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus pandemic struck India in 2009 and continues to cause outbreaks in its post-pandemic phase. Diminutive information is available about influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 from central India. This observational study presents epidemiological and molecular findings for the period of 6 years. Throat swab samples referred from districts of Madhya Pradesh were subjected to diagnosis of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 following WHO guidelines. Clinical and epidemiological data were recorded and analyzed. Hemagglutinin (HA) gene sequencing and phylogenetic analysis were performed...
March 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054122/assessing-the-reporting-quality-of-influenza-outbreaks-in-the-community
#12
Calvin Lo, Dominik Mertz, Mark Loeb
BACKGROUND: High-quality reporting of outbreak characteristics is fundamental to understand the behaviour of various strains of influenza virus and the impact of outbreak management strategies. However, few studies have systematically evaluated the quality of outbreak reporting. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic analysis and assessment for reporting quality of influenza outbreaks based on a modified version of the STROBE statement, and to examine characteristics associated with reporting quality...
November 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892181/the-impact-of-obesity-and-timely-antiviral-administration-on-severe-influenza-outcomes-among-hospitalized-adults
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Hannah E Segaloff, Richard Evans, Samia Arshad, Marcus J Zervos, Carolyn Archer, Keith S Kaye, Emily T Martin
Obesity was identified as a risk factor for severe influenza during the 2009 influenza A(H1N1)pandemic, but evidence of this association has been mixed since. Post-pandemic antiviral treatment guidelines may have increased antiviral treatment among obese individuals. A prospective study of adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza in Detroit, Michigan in 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 was conducted. Patient information was collected from interviews and medical chart abstraction. Obese (BMI ≥ 30) and non-obese (BMI < 30) participants were compared...
February 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885377/clinical-pearls-in-venovenous-extracorporeal-life-support-for-adult-respiratory-failure
#14
REVIEW
Chee Kiang Tay, Kiick Sung, Yang Hyun Cho
Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) has been widely utilized to treat neonatal respiratory failure for two decades. However, its uptake in the case of adult respiratory failure has been slow because of a paucity of quality evidence and a sluggish tempo of ECLS-related technological advances. In recent years, interest in ECLS has been piqued after encouraging results were reported from its use during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. In a world constantly under threat from another influenza epidemic or deadly novel respiratory infection, e...
January 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863204/latest-recommendations-for-the-2017-2018-flu-season
#15
Doug Campos-Outcalt
This season's vaccine has a new H1N1 component and any vaccine, except the live attenuated virus formulation, is suitable for pregnant women.
September 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591202/epidemiological-features-of-influenza-circulation-in-swine-populations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Eugénie Baudon, Marisa Peyre, Malik Peiris, Benjamin John Cowling
BACKGROUND: The emergence of the 2009 influenza pandemic virus with a swine origin stressed the importance of improving influenza surveillance in swine populations. The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to describe epidemiological features of swine influenza (SI) across the world and identify factors impacting swine influenza virus surveillance. METHODS: The systematic review followed the PRISMA guidelines. Articles published after 1990 containing data on SI on pig and herd-level seroprevalence, isolation and detection rates, and risk factors were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540396/-anaphylactic-reactions-to-vaccines-chicken-egg-allergy-and-the-influenza-h1n1-vaccination
#17
L Klimek, S Wicht-Langhammer, L von Bernus, C Thorn, D Cazan, O Pfaar, K Hörmann
BACKGROUND: Allergic reactions to influenza vaccinations are a well-known phenomenon; however, only a few published statistics give information on the risks. Patients with a chicken egg allergy must be particularly carefully handled during an influenza epidemic where vaccines produced using embryonated chicken eggs are primarily employed. METHODS: A selective literature review and analysis of the problem of allergic reactions to vaccinations was performed. RESULTS: The two most common relative contraindications among patients to be vaccinated are the presence of an egg allergy and a previous anaphylactic reaction to vaccination...
October 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474629/epidemiological-clinical-profile-of-influenza-a-h1n1-2009-virus-infections-during-2015-epidemic-in-rajasthan
#18
Bharti Malhotra, Ruchi Singh, Pratibha Sharma, Deepa Meena, Jyoti Gupta, Aditya Atreya, B R Meena
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus emerged in 2009 and caused pandemic with high morbidity and mortality in India and worldwide. The number of H1N1-positive cases varied in different years in Rajasthan. The objective of the study was to present the epidemiological profile of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus cases in Rajasthan from January to March 2015. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive, record-based analysis of suspected and confirmed cases of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus infection in Rajasthan, India, from January to March 2015 was performed...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426646/community-mitigation-guidelines-to-prevent-pandemic-influenza-united-states-2017
#19
Noreen Qualls, Alexandra Levitt, Neha Kanade, Narue Wright-Jegede, Stephanie Dopson, Matthew Biggerstaff, Carrie Reed, Amra Uzicanin
When a novel influenza A virus with pandemic potential emerges, nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) often are the most readily available interventions to help slow transmission of the virus in communities, which is especially important before a pandemic vaccine becomes widely available. NPIs, also known as community mitigation measures, are actions that persons and communities can take to help slow the spread of respiratory virus infections, including seasonal and pandemic influenza viruses.These guidelines replace the 2007 Interim Pre-pandemic Planning Guidance: Community Strategy for Pandemic Influenza Mitigation in the United States - Early, Targeted, Layered Use of Nonpharmaceutical Interventions (https://stacks...
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367882/surveillance-of-severe-acute-respiratory-infection-sari-for-hospitalized-patients-in-northern-vietnam-2011-2014
#20
Hang Khanh Le Nguyen, Son Vu Nguyen, Anh Phuong Nguyen, Phuong Mai Vu Hoang, Thanh Thi Le, Thach Co Nguyen, Huong Thu Hoang, Cuong Duc Vuong, Loan Thi Thanh Tran, Mai Quynh Le
Severe acute respiratory infections (SARI) are leading causes of hospitalization, morbidity, and mortality in children worldwide. The aim of this study was to identify viral pathogens responsible for SARI in northern Vietnam in the period from 2011 to 2014. Throat swabs and tracheal aspirates were collected from SARI patients according to WHO guidelines. The presence of 13 different viral pathogens (influenza A[H1N1]pdm09; A/H3N2; A/H5; A/H7 and B; para influenza 1,2,3; RSV; HMPV; adeno; severe acute respiratory syndrome-CoV and rhino) was tested by conventional/real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction...
September 25, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
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