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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064465/exposure-to-amitraz-fipronil-and-permethrin-affects-cell-viability-and-abc-transporter-gene-expression-in-an-ixodes-ricinus-cell-line
#1
Carlo Mangia, Alice Vismarra, Marco Genchi, Sara Epis, Claudio Bandi, Giulio Grandi, Lesley Bell-Sakyi, Domenico Otranto, Benedetta Passeri, Laura Kramer
BACKGROUND: Over-expression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter proteins has been implicated in resistance of ticks to acaricides. Tick cell lines are useful for investigating resistance mechanisms, as development of an in vitro model for the study of acaricide resistance would contribute to improving knowledge of the molecular basis behind drug processing and exclusion in ticks. In the present study, cultures of the Ixodes ricinus-derived cell line IRE/CTVM19 were treated with the acaricides amitraz, permethrin or fipronil to determine modulation of ABC transporter gene expression...
July 31, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30055197/aberrant-regulation-of-the-akt-signaling-network-by-human-cytomegalovirus-allows-for-targeting-of-infected-monocytes
#2
Megan A Peppenelli, Michael J Miller, Aaron M Altman, Olesea Cojohari, Gary C Chan
Primary peripheral blood monocytes are responsible for the hematogenous dissemination of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) following a primary infection. In order to facilitate viral spread, HCMV extends the naturally short 48-h lifespan of monocytes by stimulating a non-canonical activation of Akt during viral entry, which leads to the increased expression of a specific subset of antiapoptotic proteins. In this study, global analysis of the Akt signaling network showed HCMV induced a more robust activation of the entire network when compared to normal myeloid growth factors...
July 25, 2018: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29976664/the-5-untranslated-region-of-the-capsid-protein-2-gene-of-mink-enteritis-virus-is-essential-for-its-expression
#3
Shuang-Shuang Yang, Jigui Wang, Zhaoda Li, Shangjin Cui, Weiquan Liu
Mink enteritis virus (MEV), as a parvovirus, is among the smallest of the animal DNA viruses. The limited genome leads to multifunctional sequences and complex gene expression regulation. Here we show that the expression of viral capsid protein 2 (VP2) of MEV requires its 5' untranslated regions (5' UTR) which promote VP2 gene expression at both transcriptional and translational levels. The expression of VP2 was inhibited in several common eukaryotic expression vectors. Our data showed that the 5' UTR of VP2 enhanced capsid gene transcription but not increased stability or promotes nucleo-cytoplasmic export of VP2 mRNA...
July 5, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864503/role-of-mapk-mnk1-signaling-in-virus-replication
#4
REVIEW
Ram Kumar, Nitin Khandelwal, Riyesh Thachamvally, Bhupendra Nath Tripathi, Sanjay Barua, Sudhir Kumar Kashyap, Sunil Maherchandani, Naveen Kumar
Viruses are obligate intracellular parasites; they heavily depend on the host cell machinery to effectively replicate and produce new progeny virus particles. Following viral infection, diverse cell signaling pathways are initiated by the cells, with the major goal of establishing an antiviral state. However, viruses have been shown to exploit cellular signaling pathways for their own effective replication. Genome-wide siRNA screens have also identified numerous host factors that either support (proviral) or inhibit (antiviral) virus replication...
July 15, 2018: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343429/translational-control-of-human-acetyl-coa-carboxylase-1-mrna-is-mediated-by-an-internal-ribosome-entry-site-in-response-to-er-stress-serum-deprivation-or-hypoxia-mimetic-cocl-2
#5
Fabrizio Damiano, Mariangela Testini, Romina Tocci, Gabriele V Gnoni, Luisa Siculella
Acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 (ACC1) is a cytosolic enzyme catalyzing the rate limiting step in de novo fatty acid biosynthesis. There is mounting evidence showing that ACC1 is susceptible to dysregulation and that it is over-expressed in liver diseases associated with lipid accumulation and in several cancers. In the present study, ACC1 regulation at the translational level is reported. Using several experimental approaches, the presence of an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) has been established in the 5' untranslated region (5' UTR) of the ACC1 mRNA...
April 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327233/dcaf1-is-involved-in-hcv-replication-through-regulation-of-mir-122
#6
Yanling Yan, Conghui Li, Binlian Sun, Rongge Yang
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a worldwide threaten to human health with a high ratio of chronic infections. Recently, we found that Vpr-mediated regulation of HCV replication depends on the host protein DDB1-Cul4 associate factor 1 (DCAF1), implying that DCAF1 might be involved in the replication of HCV. In this study, we demonstrated that DCAF1 knockdown reduced HCV replication both in the infectious (JFH1) and replicon (Con1) systems. Further investigation showed a negative regulation of HCV internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-mediated translation by DCAF1...
April 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306025/silver-nanoparticles-induce-sh-sy5y-cell-apoptosis-via-endoplasmic-reticulum-and-mitochondrial-pathways-that-lengthen-endoplasmic-reticulum-mitochondria-contact-sites-and-alter-inositol-3-phosphate-receptor-function
#7
Lin Li, Jiahui Cui, Zi Liu, Xuejiao Zhou, Zengqiang Li, Yang Yu, Yuanyuan Jia, Daiying Zuo, Yingliang Wu
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have many medical and commercial applications, but their effects on human health are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of AgNPs on the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y and to explore their potential mechanisms of action. We found that AgNPs decreased SH-SY5Y cell viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Exposure to AgNPs activated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, as reflected by upregulated expression of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), phosphorylated PKR-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (p-PERK), phosphorylated eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (p-eIF2α), C/EBP homology protein (CHOP), spliced X-box binding protein-1 (XBP1), and phosphorylated inositol-requiring enzyme (p-IRE), all of which are involved in the cellular unfolded protein response...
March 15, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822073/isorhynchophylline-attenuates-mpp-induced-apoptosis-through-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-mitochondria-dependent-pathways-in-pc12-cells-involvement-of-antioxidant-activity
#8
Xiao-Ming Li, Xiao-Jie Zhang, Miao-Xian Dong
Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and mitochondrial dysfunctions are thought to be involved in the dopaminergic neuronal death in Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, we found that isorhynchophylline (IRN) significantly attenuated 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+ )-induced apoptotic cell death and oxidative stress in PC12 cells. IRN markedly reduced MPP+ -induced-ERS responses, indicative of inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1) phosphorylation and caspase-12 activation. Furthermore, IRN inhibits MPP+ -triggered apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1)/c-Jun N-terminal Kinase (JNK) signaling-mediated mitochondria-dependent apoptosis pathway...
December 2017: Neuromolecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755480/g3bp1-interacts-directly-with-the-fmdv-ires-and-negatively-regulates-translation
#9
Alfonso Galan, Gloria Lozano, David Piñeiro, Encarnacion Martinez-Salas
RNA-protein interactions play a pivotal role in the function of picornavirus internal ribosome entry site (IRES) elements. Here we analysed the impact of Ras GTPase SH3 domain binding protein 1 (G3BP1) in the IRES activity of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV). We found that G3BP1 interacts directly with three distinct sequences of the IRES element using RNA electrophoretic mobility-shift assays. Analysis of the interaction with domain 5 indicated that the G3BP1 binding-site is placed at the single-stranded region although it allows large sequence heterogeneity and the hairpin located upstream of this region enhances retarded complex formation...
October 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542246/a-drastic-superoxide-dependent-oxidative-stress-is-prerequisite-for-the-down-regulation-of-irp1-insights-from-studies-on-sod1-deficient-mice-and-macrophages-treated-with-paraquat
#10
Anna Milczarek, Rafał R Starzyński, Agnieszka Styś, Aneta Jończy, Robert Staroń, Agnieszka Grzelak, Paweł Lipiński
Iron regulatory protein 1 (IRP1) is a cytosolic bifunctional [4Fe-4S] protein which exhibits aconitase activity or binds iron responsive elements (IREs) in untranslated regions of specific mRNA encoding proteins involved in cellular iron metabolism. Superoxide radical (O2.-) converts IRP1 from a [4Fe-4S] aconitase to a [3Fe-4S] "null" form possessing neither aconitase nor trans-regulatory activity. Genetic ablation of superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), an antioxidant enzyme that acts to reduce O2.- concentration, revealed a new O2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114319/reduced-insulin-insulin-like-growth-factor-receptor-signaling-mitigates-defective-dendrite-morphogenesis-in-mutants-of-the-er-stress-sensor-ire-1
#11
Yehuda Salzberg, Andrew J Coleman, Kevin Celestrin, Moran Cohen-Berkman, Thomas Biederer, Sivan Henis-Korenblit, Hannes E Bülow
Neurons receive excitatory or sensory inputs through their dendrites, which often branch extensively to form unique neuron-specific structures. How neurons regulate the formation of their particular arbor is only partially understood. In genetic screens using the multidendritic arbor of PVD somatosensory neurons in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, we identified a mutation in the ER stress sensor IRE-1/Ire1 (inositol requiring enzyme 1) as crucial for proper PVD dendrite arborization in vivo. We further found that regulation of dendrite growth in cultured rat hippocampal neurons depends on Ire1 function, showing an evolutionarily conserved role for IRE-1/Ire1 in dendrite patterning...
January 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875274/sirt1-inhibits-ev71-genome-replication-and-rna-translation-by-interfering-with-the-viral-polymerase-and-5-utr-rna
#12
Yang Han, Lvyin Wang, Jin Cui, Yu Song, Zhen Luo, Junbo Chen, Ying Xiong, Qi Zhang, Fang Liu, Wenzhe Ho, Yingle Liu, Kailang Wu, Jianguo Wu
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) possesses a single-stranded positive RNA genome that contains a single open reading frame (ORF) flanked by a 5' untranslated region (5'UTR) and a polyadenylated 3'UTR. Here, we demonstrated that EV71 activates the production of silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 1 (SIRT1), a histone deacetylase (HDAC). EV71 further stimulates SIRT1 sumoylation and deacetylase activity, and enhances SIRT1 translocation from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. More interestingly, activated SIRT1 subsequently binds with the EV71 3Dpol protein (a viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, RdRp) to repress the acetylation and RdRp activity of 3Dpol , resulting in the attenuation of viral genome replication...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701635/the-role-of-ire-xbp1-pathway-in-regulation-of-retinal-pigment-epithelium-tight-junctions
#13
Jacey H Ma, Joshua J Wang, Junhua Li, Bruce A Pfeffer, Yiming Zhong, Sarah X Zhang
Purpose: The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tight junctions play a pivotal role in maintaining the homeostatic environment of the neural retina. Herein, we investigated the role of X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1), an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-responsive transcription factor, in regulation of RPE tight junctions. Methods: Human RPE cell line (ARPE-19) and primary primate RPE cells were used for in vitro experiments and RPE-specific XBP1 knockout (KO) mice were used for in vivo study...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644878/hypoxia-and-er-stress-promote-staufen1-expression-through-an-alternative-translation-mechanism
#14
Florence Bonnet-Magnaval, Céline Philippe, Loïc Van Den Berghe, Hervé Prats, Christian Touriol, Eric Lacazette
Under physiological stress conditions the cell protects itself through a global blockade on cap-dependent translation of mRNA. This allows cap-independent mechanisms such as internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-mediated translation to take over and initiate the translation of a specific pool of mRNAs that encode proteins involved in protecting the cell from stress. Staufen 1 (Stau1) is an RNA-binding protein that has been previously implicated in the regulation of stress granule formation and therefore could play a key role in protecting the cell against stress stimuli such as oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447629/la-autoantigen-induces-ribosome-binding-protein-1-rrbp1-expression-through-internal-ribosome-entry-site-ires-mediated-translation-during-cellular-stress-condition
#15
Wenqing Gao, Qi Li, Ruiyu Zhu, Jian Jin
The function of ribosome binding protein 1 (RRBP1) is regulating the transportation and secretion of some intracellular proteins in mammalian cells. Transcription of RRBP1 is induced by various cytokines. However, few studies focused on the process of RRPB1 mRNA translation. The RRBP1 mRNA has a long 5' untranslated region that potentially formed a stable secondary structure. In this study, we show that the 5' UTR of RRBP1 mRNA contains an internal ribosome entry site (IRES). Moreover, the RRBP1 expression is induced by chemotherapeutic drug paclitaxel or adriamycin in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells and accompanied with the increased expression of La autoantigen (La), which binds to RRBP1 IRES element and facilitates translation initiation...
July 20, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27298373/hepatitis-c-virus-depends-on-e-cadherin-as-an-entry-factor-and-regulates-its-expression-in-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition
#16
Qisheng Li, Catherine Sodroski, Brianna Lowey, Cameron J Schweitzer, Helen Cha, Fang Zhang, T Jake Liang
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) enters the host cell through interactions with a cascade of cellular factors. Although significant progress has been made in understanding HCV entry, the precise mechanisms by which HCV exploits the receptor complex and host machinery to enter the cell remain unclear. This intricate process of viral entry likely depends on additional yet-to-be-defined cellular molecules. Recently, by applying integrative functional genomics approaches, we identified and interrogated distinct sets of host dependencies in the complete HCV life cycle...
July 5, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27191820/structural-domains-within-the-hiv-1-mrna-and-the-ribosomal-protein-s25-influence-cap-independent-translation-initiation
#17
Felipe Carvajal, Maricarmen Vallejos, Beth Walters, Nataly Contreras, Marla I Hertz, Eduardo Olivares, Carlos J Cáceres, Karla Pino, Alejandro Letelier, Sunnie R Thompson, Marcelo López-Lastra
The 5' leader of the HIV-1 genomic RNA is a multifunctional region that folds into secondary/tertiary structures that regulate multiple processes during viral replication including translation initiation. In this work, we examine the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) located in the 5' leader that drives translation initiation of the viral Gag protein under conditions that hinder cap-dependent translation initiation. We show that activity of the HIV-1 IRES relies on ribosomal protein S25 (eS25). Additionally, a mechanistic and mutational analysis revealed that the HIV-1 IRES is modular in nature and that once the 40S ribosomal subunit is recruited to the IRES, translation initiates without the need of ribosome scanning...
July 2016: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27039070/brg1-and-brm-swi-snf-atpases-redundantly-maintain-cardiomyocyte-homeostasis-by-regulating-cardiomyocyte-mitophagy-and-mitochondrial-dynamics-in-vivo
#18
Scott J Bultman, Darcy Wood Holley, Gustaaf G de Ridder, Salvatore V Pizzo, Tatiana N Sidorova, Katherine T Murray, Brian C Jensen, Zhongjing Wang, Ariana Bevilacqua, Xin Chen, Megan T Quintana, Manasi Tannu, Gary B Rosson, Kumar Pandya, Monte S Willis
There has been an increasing recognition that mitochondrial perturbations play a central role in human heart failure. Mitochondrial networks, whose function is to maintain the regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis, autophagy ('mitophagy') and mitochondrial fusion/fission, are new potential therapeutic targets. Yet our understanding of the molecular underpinning of these processes is just emerging. We recently identified a role of the SWI/SNF ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complexes in the metabolic homeostasis of the adult cardiomyocyte using cardiomyocyte-specific and inducible deletion of the SWI/SNF ATPases BRG1 and BRM in adult mice (Brg1/Brm double mutant mice)...
May 2016: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26936655/stimulation-of-translation-by-human-unr-requires-cold-shock-domains-2-and-4-and-correlates-with-poly-a-binding-protein-interaction
#19
Swagat Ray, Emma C Anderson
The RNA binding protein Unr, which contains five cold shock domains, has several specific roles in post-transcriptional control of gene expression. It can act as an activator or inhibitor of translation initiation, promote mRNA turnover, or stabilise mRNA. Its role depends on the mRNA and other proteins to which it binds, which includes cytoplasmic poly(A) binding protein 1 (PABP1). Since PABP1 binds to all polyadenylated mRNAs, and is involved in translation initiation by interaction with eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4G (eIF4G), we investigated whether Unr has a general role in translational control...
March 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26869449/lipid-accumulation-stimulates-the-cap-independent-translation-of-srebp-1a-mrna-by-promoting-hnrnp-a1-binding-to-its-5-utr-in-a-cellular-model-of-hepatic-steatosis
#20
Luisa Siculella, Romina Tocci, Alessio Rochira, Mariangela Testini, Antonio Gnoni, Fabrizio Damiano
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic disease characterized by accumulation of lipid droplets in hepatocytes. Enhanced release of non-esterified fatty acids from adipose tissue accounts for a remarkable fraction of accumulated lipids. However, the de novo lipogenesis (DNL) is also implicated in the etiology of the NAFLD. Sterol Regulatory Element-Binding Protein-1 (SREBP-1) is a transcription factor modulating the expression of several lipogenic enzymes. In the present study, in order to investigate the effect of lipid droplet accumulation on DNL, we used a cellular model of steatosis represented by HepG2 cells cultured in a medium supplemented with free oleic and palmitic fatty acids (FFAs)...
May 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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