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oral and maxillofacial trauma

Adel Hamed Elbaih, Doaa A El-Sayed, Ahmed E Abou-Zeid, Ghada K Elhadary
PURPOSE: Maxillofacial injuries are commonly encountered in the practice of emergency medicine. More than 50% of patients with these injuries have multisystem trauma that requires coordinated management between emergency physicians and surgical specialists in oral and maxillofacial surgery, otolaryngology, plastic surgery, ophthalmology, and trauma surgery. The aim of this study is to identify the patterns of brain injuries associated with maxillofacial trauma and its outcome. METHODS: This descriptive study (cross-sectional) was carried out among 90 polytrauma patients with maxillofacial fractures attending the Emergency Department at Suez Canal university Hospital and fulfilling our inclusion and exclusion criteria...
September 8, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Esa M Färkkilä, Zachary S Peacock, R John Tannyhill, Laurie Petrovick, Alice Gervasini, George C Velmahos, Leonard B Kaban
PURPOSE: Patients with mandibular fractures are known to be at risk of concomitant cervical spine injuries (CSIs). The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of and risk factors for CSIs in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of adult trauma patients with mandibular fractures from June 1, 2007, through June 30, 2017. Patients were identified through the Massachusetts General Hospital trauma registry and were included as study patients if they had a mandibular fracture and computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Shintaro Sukegawa, Takahiro Kanno, Yoshihiko Furuki
The oral and maxillofacial region has a complicated anatomy with critical contiguous organs, including the brain, eyes, vital teeth, and complex networks of nerves and blood vessels. Therefore, advances in basic scientific research within the field of intraoperative oral and maxillofacial surgery have enabled the introduction of the features of these techniques into routine clinical practice to ensure safe and reliable surgery. A navigation system provides a useful guide for safer and more accurate complex in oral and maxillofacial surgery...
August 2018: Japanese Dental Science Review
Rashmi Gs Phulari, Vidhi Soni, Trupti Pramod Talegaon, Gaurav Bakutra
Fibrolipoma is a benign tumor which is classified as a histological variant of conventional lipoma. It rarely occurs in oral and maxillofacial region. When present, it occurs as a soft, smooth surfaced nodular mass that can be pedunculated or sessile. Most of the lesions are less than 3 cm in size, although it may vary. Fibrolipomas mostly affect buccal mucosa and buccal vestibule and cause functional and cosmetic disabilities. Herniation of buccal pad of fat caused by trauma may also mimic lipoma. Hence, accurate histopathological examination of lipomas is important for a correct treatment plan...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Chafik Ghayor, Franz E Weber
In the last three decades, all efforts in bone tissue engineering were driven by the dogma that the ideal pore size in bone substitutes lies between 0.3 and 0.5 mm in diameter. Newly developed additive manufacturing methodologies for ceramics facilitate the total control over pore size, pore distribution, bottleneck size, and bottleneck distribution. Therefore, this appears to be the method of choice with which to test the aforementioned characteristics of an ideal bone substitute. To this end, we produced a library of 15 scaffolds with diverse defined pore/bottleneck dimensions and distributions, tested them in vivo in a calvarial bone defect model in rabbits, and assessed the clinically most relevant parameters: defect bridging and bony regenerated area...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
C Mourouzis, O Schoinohoriti, C Krasadakis, G Rallis
BACKGROUND: Maxillofacial fractures have been recognized as high risk trauma for concomitant cervical spine or spinal cord injury. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of concomitant cervical spine fractures (CSF) in patients with maxillofacial trauma and elucidate their relationship, guiding diagnosis and pointing their implications in maxillofacial trauma repair. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An analysis of 432 patients with maxillofacial fractures, treated at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the "KAT" General Hospital of Attica during a three-year-long period, was conducted to investigate concomitant CSF...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Seyed Ali Mosaddad, Rasoul Gheisari, Maryam Erfani
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Road traffic accidents are considered a major cause of oral and maxillofacial trauma. Given that many traumatic injuries and deaths involve motorcyclists, the aim of this study was to investigate this vulnerable group in terms of oral and maxillofacial injuries following accidents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 330 patients with oral and maxillofacial injuries at Shahid Rajaee Hospital in Shiraz, Iran, from April to September 2017...
July 14, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Maria Schubert, Roger Schürch, Soenke Boettger, David Garcia Nuñez, Urs Schwarz, Dominique Bettex, Josef Jenewein, Jasmina Bogdanovic, Marina Lynne Staehli, Rebecca Spirig, Alain Rudiger
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a well-known complication in cardiac surgery and intensive care unit (ICU) patients. However, in many other settings its prevalence and clinical consequences are understudied. The aims of this study were: (1) To assess delirium prevalence in a large, diverse cohort of acute care patients classified as either at risk or not at risk for delirium; (2) To compare these two groups according to defined indicators; and (3) To compare delirious with non-delirious patients regarding hospital mortality, ICU and hospital length of stay, nursing hours and cost per case...
July 13, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
M A Ufimtseva, I F Vishnevskaya, Yu M Bochkarev, E P Gurkovskaya, A A Alferova, M A Alferova, T A Beresneva
The article presents a review of the literature with a description of typical manifestations in the maxillofacial area in secondary, tertiary period of syphilis and the description of photo-images of the authors' clinical observations. In the secondary period of syphilis rashes can be found both on the skin and mucous membranes. In secondary reccurent syphilis the oral cavity is affected in 56% of the cases. Typical manifestations of this period are: roseola, papular and pustular syphilides. In the mouth the most frequently observed manifestation is popular syphilide or erythematous sore throat...
2018: Stomatologii︠a︡
Y Zhang
Oral and maxillofacial trauma surgery in modern China has experienced four stages of growth in different social and economic backgrounds: initiation, stagnation, exploring and development. It is now an important branch of oral and maxillofacial surgery with unique Chinese characteristics. This paper retrospectively summarizes the representative figures and important events, as well as the research and technology advances in each of the four growth stages. It also includes an analysis of current advantages and problems, and provides some foresights for future development of this subspecialty in China...
July 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Jens Castein, Christoph-Heinrich Hoffmann, Frank Kandziora
Even though in recent years the number of transoral spinal interventions has decreased in Europe and North America - mainly because of the progress in the drug therapy of rheumatism, there are still pathologies that can only be addressed by a transoral approach. The classical transoral approach can be expanded in collaboration with oral-maxillofacial surgery and ear, nose and throat surgery, but this is rarely necessary. The transoral approach is now mainly used for resection of pathological tissue. Additional stabilisation is often necessary and is performed in Europe and North America via a posterior approach, due to the lack of availability of anterior plate systems...
July 3, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Sameer Kaura, Paramjot Kaur, Rashi Bahl, Sumit Bansal, Prineet Sangha
Aim: The aim of this study was to give an insight into the retrospective analysis of a number of maxillofacial trauma cases reported to our institute and research center. Materials and Methods: The data for this study was obtained from the medical records and outpatient prescription slips of cases treated at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department from 2010 to 2016. Etiology, age, gender, pattern of fracture, and surgical treatment modalities undertaken in these patients were recorded...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Carlos G Landaeta-Quinones, Nicole Hernandez, Najy K Zarroug
Computer-assisted surgery (CAS) has evolved over time from its earliest introduction with utility in the Neurosurgical field. Within the past twenty years, optical navigation systems have emerged and developed into a great tool for the fields of dentistry and craniomaxillofacial surgery (CMF). Currently, CAS is useful for orthognathic and temporomandibular joint surgery, facial trauma, maxillomandibular reconstruction, implantology, and restorative dentistry. This article describes the indications of CAS in dentistry, with large emphasis on CMF...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
Ashrafullah, Ramesh Kumar Pandey, Apurva Mishra
Objective: To determine the incidence and pattern of facial fracture in children of age 0-16 years of age. Material & methods: Patients with trauma reporting to department of paediatric and preventive dentistry and department of oral & maxillofacial surgery from January 2011 to December 2011 were selected for the present study. The records of patients treated for maxillofacial injuries were retrospectively retrieved and analyzed for prevalence, pattern, etiology, and management of maxillofacial trauma...
May 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Saikrishna Degala, Asad Nehal
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the better postoperative analgesic, tramadol, and ketorolac, in patients with maxillofacial trauma and who had undergone maxillofacial surgery, i.e., open reduction internal fixation, under general anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After taking ethical approval from the institution and informed consent, 46 ASA grade I-II patients were block randomized (ABAB) based on inclusion and exclusion criteria and equally divided into two groups in which one group of patients was given intravenous tramadol 100 mg and another group of patients was given intravenous ketorolac 30 mg at the time of closure of skin and was repeated after 8 and 16 h following surgery...
September 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Guilherme Klein Parise, Maria Isabela Guebur, Gyl Henrique Albrecht Ramos, Anne Karoline Groth, Alfredo Benjamin Duarte da Silva, Laurindo Moacir Sassi
The mandibular defects caused by mandibulectomies can involve esthetic and functional sequelae in patients. The fibula presents positive aspects and can be used as an option for mandibular reconstruction after tumor resections or extensive traumas. Furthermore, this retrospective study of the patients who have passed through a mandibular reconstruction with a microvascular fibular flap over the last 17 years describes the experience of the Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryService at the ErastoGaertner Hospital, Curitiba/PR...
September 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Shuaishuai Cao, Miao Zhou
Large defects of jaw caused by tumor, trauma and so on in oral and maxillofacial region lead to facial deformity, language and chewing dysfunction, which severely damage the patient's life quality. Three-dimensional printing (3DP) is also named additive manufacturing (AM), which can print materials layer by layer to create three-dimensional objects. The complex shape of jaw defects can be accurately reconstructed using 3DP scaffold combined with image data, computer-aided-design and manufacture. It has specific advantages compared with traditional way of jaw reconstruction and has attracted much attention in the field of jaw tissue engineering recently...
December 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
L Timms, J May
This paper outlines the involvement of dentists in the treatment of patients following the terror attack at Manchester Arena on 22 May 2017. It predominantly describes the role of the authors - a paediatric dental consultant and maxillofacial surgery dental core trainee (DCT). As a result of the incident a number of patients suffered oro-facial injuries, with many treated at Central Manchester Foundation Trust Hospitals' Manchester Royal Infirmary and Royal Manchester Children's Hospital. The major incident response of the trust is discussed, as are the presentation of blast injuries and corresponding NHS guidance...
May 11, 2018: British Dental Journal
Romke Rozema, Michiel Hj Doff, Peter Ma van Ooijen, Douwe Postmus, Henriëtte E Westerlaan, Martijn F Boomsma, Baucke van Minnen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the diagnostic reliability of low dose multidetector CT (MDCT) and cone beam CT (CBCT) for zygomaticomaxillary fracture diagnosis. METHODS: Unilateral zygomaticomaxillary fractures were inflicted on four out of six fresh frozen human cadaver head specimens. All specimens were scanned using four MDCT and two CBCT imaging protocols of which the radiation exposure was systematically reduced. A blinded diagnostic routine was simulated at which 16 radiologists and 8 oral and maxillofacial (OMF) surgeons performed randomized image assessments...
May 31, 2018: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
D Lim, B C Ma, R Parumo, P Shanmuhasuntharam
Submental intubation has been used as an alternative to conventional intubation in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery since its introduction by Francisco Hernández Altemir in 1986. A review of submental intubation was performed using data from all case reports, case-series, and prospective and retrospective studies published between 1986 and 2016. The indications, variations in incision length, incision sites, types of endotracheal tube used, methods of exteriorization, and complications were recorded and analyzed...
September 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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