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oral and maxillofacial trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30072920/osteoconductive-microarchitecture-of-bone-substitutes-for-bone-regeneration-revisited
#1
Chafik Ghayor, Franz E Weber
In the last three decades, all efforts in bone tissue engineering were driven by the dogma that the ideal pore size in bone substitutes lies between 0.3 and 0.5 mm in diameter. Newly developed additive manufacturing methodologies for ceramics facilitate the total control over pore size, pore distribution, bottleneck size, and bottleneck distribution. Therefore, this appears to be the method of choice with which to test the aforementioned characteristics of an ideal bone substitute. To this end, we produced a library of 15 scaffolds with diverse defined pore/bottleneck dimensions and distributions, tested them in vivo in a calvarial bone defect model in rabbits, and assessed the clinically most relevant parameters: defect bridging and bony regenerated area...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30049540/cervical-spine-fractures-associated-with-maxillofacial-trauma-a-3-year-long-study-in-the-greek-population
#2
C Mourouzis, O Schoinohoriti, C Krasadakis, G Rallis
BACKGROUND: Maxillofacial fractures have been recognized as high risk trauma for concomitant cervical spine or spinal cord injury. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of concomitant cervical spine fractures (CSF) in patients with maxillofacial trauma and elucidate their relationship, guiding diagnosis and pointing their implications in maxillofacial trauma repair. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An analysis of 432 patients with maxillofacial fractures, treated at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the "KAT" General Hospital of Attica during a three-year-long period, was conducted to investigate concomitant CSF...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007109/oral-and-maxillofacial-trauma-in-motorcyclists-in-an-iranian-subpopulation
#3
Seyed Ali Mosaddad, Rasoul Gheisari, Maryam Erfani
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Road traffic accidents are considered a major cause of oral and maxillofacial traumas. Given that many traumatic injuries and deaths involve motorcyclists, the aim of this study was to investigate this vulnerable group in terms of oral and maxillofacial injuries following accidents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 330 patients with oral and maxillofacial injuries at Shahid Rajaee Hospital in Shiraz, Iran, from April to September 2017...
July 14, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005646/a-hospital-wide-evaluation-of-delirium-prevalence-and-outcomes-in-acute-care-patients-a-cohort-study
#4
Maria Schubert, Roger Schürch, Soenke Boettger, David Garcia Nuñez, Urs Schwarz, Dominique Bettex, Josef Jenewein, Jasmina Bogdanovic, Marina Lynne Staehli, Rebecca Spirig, Alain Rudiger
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a well-known complication in cardiac surgery and intensive care unit (ICU) patients. However, in many other settings its prevalence and clinical consequences are understudied. The aims of this study were: (1) To assess delirium prevalence in a large, diverse cohort of acute care patients classified as either at risk or not at risk for delirium; (2) To compare these two groups according to defined indicators; and (3) To compare delirious with non-delirious patients regarding hospital mortality, ICU and hospital length of stay, nursing hours and cost per case...
July 13, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992943/-clinical-manifestations-of-syphilis-in-maxillofacial-area-part-ii
#5
M A Ufimtseva, I F Vishnevskaya, Yu M Bochkarev, E P Gurkovskaya, A A Alferova, M A Alferova, T A Beresneva
The article presents a review of the literature with a description of typical manifestations in the maxillofacial area in secondary, tertiary period of syphilis and the description of photo-images of the authors' clinical observations. In the secondary period of syphilis rashes can be found both on the skin and mucous membranes. In secondary reccurent syphilis the oral cavity is affected in 56% of the cases. Typical manifestations of this period are: roseola, papular and pustular syphilides. In the mouth the most frequently observed manifestation is popular syphilide or erythematous sore throat...
2018: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29972901/-professional-development-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-trauma-since-the-founding-of-the-people-s-republic-of-china
#6
Y Zhang
Oral and maxillofacial trauma surgery in modern China has experienced four stages of growth in different social and economic backgrounds: initiation, stagnation, exploring and development. It is now an important branch of oral and maxillofacial surgery with unique Chinese characteristics. This paper retrospectively summarizes the representative figures and important events, as well as the research and technology advances in each of the four growth stages. It also includes an analysis of current advantages and problems, and provides some foresights for future development of this subspecialty in China...
July 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969811/-transoral-spine-surgery-an-update
#7
Jens Castein, Christoph-Heinrich Hoffmann, Frank Kandziora
Even though in recent years the number of transoral spinal interventions has decreased in Europe and North America - mainly because of the progress in the drug therapy of rheumatism, there are still pathologies that can only be addressed by a transoral approach. The classical transoral approach can be expanded in collaboration with oral-maxillofacial surgery and ear, nose and throat surgery, but this is rarely necessary. The transoral approach is now mainly used for resection of pathological tissue. Additional stabilisation is often necessary and is performed in Europe and North America via a posterior approach, due to the lack of availability of anterior plate systems...
July 3, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963429/retrospective-study-of-facial-fractures
#8
Sameer Kaura, Paramjot Kaur, Rashi Bahl, Sumit Bansal, Prineet Sangha
Aim: The aim of this study was to give an insight into the retrospective analysis of a number of maxillofacial trauma cases reported to our institute and research center. Materials and Methods: The data for this study was obtained from the medical records and outpatient prescription slips of cases treated at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department from 2010 to 2016. Etiology, age, gender, pattern of fracture, and surgical treatment modalities undertaken in these patients were recorded...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903558/computer-assisted-surgery-applications-in-dentistry-and-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#9
REVIEW
Carlos G Landaeta-Quinones, Nicole Hernandez, Najy K Zarroug
Computer-assisted surgery (CAS) has evolved over time from its earliest introduction with utility in the Neurosurgical field. Within the past twenty years, optical navigation systems have emerged and developed into a great tool for the fields of dentistry and craniomaxillofacial surgery (CMF). Currently, CAS is useful for orthognathic and temporomandibular joint surgery, facial trauma, maxillomandibular reconstruction, implantology, and restorative dentistry. This article describes the indications of CAS in dentistry, with large emphasis on CMF...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892526/the-incidence-of-facial-injuries-in-children-in-indian-population-a-retrospective-study
#10
Ashrafullah, Ramesh Kumar Pandey, Apurva Mishra
Objective: To determine the incidence and pattern of facial fracture in children of age 0-16 years of age. Material & methods: Patients with trauma reporting to department of paediatric and preventive dentistry and department of oral & maxillofacial surgery from January 2011 to December 2011 were selected for the present study. The records of patients treated for maxillofacial injuries were retrospectively retrieved and analyzed for prevalence, pattern, etiology, and management of maxillofacial trauma...
May 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845481/comparison-of-intravenous-tramadol-versus-ketorolac-in-the-management-of-postoperative-pain-after-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#11
Saikrishna Degala, Asad Nehal
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the better postoperative analgesic, tramadol, and ketorolac, in patients with maxillofacial trauma and who had undergone maxillofacial surgery, i.e., open reduction internal fixation, under general anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After taking ethical approval from the institution and informed consent, 46 ASA grade I-II patients were block randomized (ABAB) based on inclusion and exclusion criteria and equally divided into two groups in which one group of patients was given intravenous tramadol 100 mg and another group of patients was given intravenous ketorolac 30 mg at the time of closure of skin and was repeated after 8 and 16 h following surgery...
May 29, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802494/evaluation-of-complications-and-flap-losses-in-mandibular-reconstruction-with-microvascularized-fibula-flap
#12
Guilherme Klein Parise, Maria Isabela Guebur, Gyl Henrique Albrecht Ramos, Anne Karoline Groth, Alfredo Benjamin Duarte da Silva, Laurindo Moacir Sassi
The mandibular defects caused by mandibulectomies can involve esthetic and functional sequelae in patients. The fibula presents positive aspects and can be used as an option for mandibular reconstruction after tumor resections or extensive traumas. Furthermore, this retrospective study of the patients who have passed through a mandibular reconstruction with a microvascular fibular flap over the last 17 years describes the experience of the Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryService at the ErastoGaertner Hospital, Curitiba/PR...
May 25, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761995/-the-progress-of-research-on-three-dimensional-printed-jaw-scaffolds
#13
REVIEW
Shuaishuai Cao, Miao Zhou
Large defects of jaw caused by tumor, trauma and so on in oral and maxillofacial region lead to facial deformity, language and chewing dysfunction, which severely damage the patient's life quality. Three-dimensional printing (3DP) is also named additive manufacturing (AM), which can print materials layer by layer to create three-dimensional objects. The complex shape of jaw defects can be accurately reconstructed using 3DP scaffold combined with image data, computer-aided-design and manufacture. It has specific advantages compared with traditional way of jaw reconstruction and has attracted much attention in the field of jaw tissue engineering recently...
December 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747165/bones-heal-teeth-don-t-the-involvement-of-dentists-in-the-acute-and-long-term-management-of-patients-injured-in-the-manchester-arena-bomb
#14
L Timms, J May
This paper outlines the involvement of dentists in the treatment of patients following the terror attack at Manchester Arena on 22 May 2017. It predominantly describes the role of the authors - a paediatric dental consultant and maxillofacial surgery dental core trainee (DCT). As a result of the incident a number of patients suffered oro-facial injuries, with many treated at Central Manchester Foundation Trust Hospitals' Manchester Royal Infirmary and Royal Manchester Children's Hospital. The major incident response of the trust is discussed, as are the presentation of blast injuries and corresponding NHS guidance...
May 11, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745761/diagnostic-reliability-of-low-dose-multidetector-ct-and-cone-beam-ct-in-maxillofacial-trauma-an-experimental-blinded-and-randomized-study
#15
Romke Rozema, Michiel Hj Doff, Peter Ma van Ooijen, Douwe Postmus, Henriëtte E Westerlaan, Martijn F Boomsma, Baucke van Minnen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the diagnostic reliability of low dose multidetector CT (MDCT) and cone beam CT (CBCT) for zygomaticomaxillary fracture diagnosis. METHODS: Unilateral zygomaticomaxillary fractures were inflicted on four out of six fresh frozen human cadaver head specimens. All specimens were scanned using four MDCT and two CBCT imaging protocols of which the radiation exposure was systematically reduced. A blinded diagnostic routine was simulated at which 16 radiologists and 8 oral and maxillofacial (OMF) surgeons performed randomized image assessments...
May 31, 2018: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731193/thirty-years-of-submental-intubation-a-review
#16
REVIEW
D Lim, B C Ma, R Parumo, P Shanmuhasuntharam
Submental intubation has been used as an alternative to conventional intubation in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery since its introduction by Francisco Hernández Altemir in 1986. A review of submental intubation was performed using data from all case reports, case-series, and prospective and retrospective studies published between 1986 and 2016. The indications, variations in incision length, incision sites, types of endotracheal tube used, methods of exteriorization, and complications were recorded and analyzed...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701325/pediatric-maxillofacial-trauma-epidemiologic-study-between-the-years-2012-and-2015-in-an-israeli-medical-center
#17
Michael Joachim, Moti Tuizer, Shareef Araidy, Imad Abu El-Naaj
BACKGROUND/AIM: Trauma is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population worldwide, and Israel is no different in this aspect. Of these injuries, craniofacial trauma is a significant cause of morbidity in the pediatric population. The high occurrence of pediatric trauma is possibly related to a lower perception for the hazards that surround them, combined with the restless and adventurous nature that is typical of children. The aim was to perform a retrospective, epidemiological study on facial trauma in children examined in the emergency room in order to analyze the different patterns in pediatric maxillofacial trauma, to emphasize this data and educate those involved in preventing and treating children's injuries...
April 27, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691565/-effect-of-rhegf-on-the-levels-of-serum-egf-and-inflammatory-cytokines-in-patients-with-oral-and-maxillofacial-trauma
#18
Zhi-Fa Yin, Si-Ming Wang
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of debridement combined with recombinant human epidermal growth factor (rhEGF) on wound healing, scar formation, serum epidermal growth factor and inflammatory factors in patients with oral and maxillofacial trauma. METHODS: Eight-two cases with oral and maxillofacial trauma treated in our hospital (January 2015 to December 2016) were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received routine treatment, 41 received rhEGF besides routine treatment (experimental group), 41 patients received only cosmetic debridement and suturing (control group)...
December 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650475/use-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-trauma-surgery-a-review
#19
REVIEW
R Ologunde, N M H McLeod
In the UK, about one person/100/year sustains a facial injury, so trauma surgery accounts for a considerable part of the caseload in oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS). Patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) allow for patient-centred assessment of postoperative outcomes, but to our knowledge, most research in OMFS trauma does not currently include them. To investigate their use, we searched Medline to find relevant studies that reported outcomes from inception in January 1879 to August 2016. Those not in the English language and those that did not report operations were excluded...
June 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618881/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-of-maxillofacial-injuries-in-brazil-a-5-year-retrospective-study
#20
Luciana Domingues Conceição, Isadora Augusta da Silveira, Gustavo Giacomelli Nascimento, Rafael Guerra Lund, Ricardo Henrique Alves da Silva, Fábio Renato Manzolli Leite
Aim: The etiology and epidemiology of maxillofacial injuries varies widely in different regions of the world due to socioeconomic status, cultural aspects in addition to road traffic and drug consumption. The aim of this study is to determine major causes and epidemiological characteristics of maxillofacial trauma in a 5-year period. Materials and methods: Reports of corporal trauma (n = 25,632) from 2007 to 2011 in the Department of Forensic Medicine were analyzed as to the presence of maxillofacial injuries...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
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