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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679628/long-and-short-term-outcomes-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-among-south-asian-women-a-community-based-study
#1
REVIEW
B H Sudasinghe, C N Wijeyaratne, P S Ginige
AIMS: To quantify short and long-term outcomes of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) among South Asians METHODS: Prospective cohort-study in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka following a community-prevalence study (WHO 1999 criteria). All women with GDM (exposed) and within sample non-GDM (non-exposed) were recruited. Data was gathered at selected intervals until one-year post-partum by interviewer-administered questionnaire, anthropometry, blood pressure, post-partum 75gOGTT and cholesterol...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678432/effects-of-shame-and-guilt-on-error-reporting-among-obstetric-clinicians
#2
Mara Lynne Zabari, Nancy L Southern
OBJECTIVE: To understand how the experiences of shame and guilt, coupled with organizational factors, affect error reporting by obstetric clinicians. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 84 obstetric clinicians from three maternity units in Washington State. METHODS: In this quantitative inquiry, a variant of the Test of Self-Conscious Affect was used to measure proneness to guilt and shame...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676728/detection-of-candida-species-in-pregnant-chinese-women-with-a-molecular-beacon-method
#3
Yanhong Zhai, Jing Liu, Li Zhou, Tongzhen Ji, Lingxin Meng, Yang Gao, Ran Liu, Xiao Wang, Lin Li, Binghuai Lu, Zheng Cao
PURPOSE: Candida pathogens are commonly found in women and can cause vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), whose infection rate is further increased during pregnancy. We aimed to study the Candida prevalence and strain distribution in pregnant Chinese women with a molecular beacon assay. METHODOLOGY: From March 2016 to February 2017, a total of 993 pregnant women attending routine antenatal visits at the Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital were enrolled. For Candida detection and identification, a unique molecular beacon assay was presented and compared with a traditional phenotypic method...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676461/antiphospholipid-syndrome-characteristics-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-after-20-weeks-of-pregnancy
#4
Rinat Gabbay-Benziv, Hadas Zafrir-Danieli, Dorit Blickstein, Anat Shmueli, Lina Salman, Eran Hadar
OBJECTIVE: To assess outcomes after 20 weeks of pregnancy according to autoantibody profile and clinical presentation of maternal antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). METHODS: The present retrospective cohort analysis included women diagnosed with APS at a tertiary medical center in Israel between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2016. Anticardiolipin antibodies, anti-β2-glycoprotein antibodies, and lupus anticoagulant were assessed. Participants were stratified by type of APS (obstetric vs thrombotic), antibody profile, and antibody titer (low vs high)...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675890/the-prevalence-and-potential-determinants-of-dysmenorrhoea-and-other-pelvic-pain-in-women-a-prospective-study
#5
Antoinette Righarts, Lauren Osborne, Jennie Connor, Wayne Gillett
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of pelvic pain, and model associations with potential demographic, obstetric, gynaecological, and psychosocial determinants. DESIGN, SETTING AND SAMPLE: A cohort study of women born between 1972-1973 in Dunedin, New Zealand, most recently assessed when aged 38 years (95% of survivors retained); 429 women were eligible for analysis. METHODS: Women self-completed reproductive health questionnaires at ages 21, 26, 32 and 38 years, with questions on dysmenorrhoea at ages 13 and 15, and on all pelvic pain at age 38...
April 19, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675491/hypertensive-disorders-of-in-vitro-fertilization-pregnancies-a-study-from-kosovo
#6
Merita Vuniqi-Krasniqi, Myrvete Paçarada, Qëndresë Daka, Zeqir Dervishi, Astrit Bimbashi, Kushtrim Dakaj
Background: Relationships between in-vitro fertilization (IVF), gestational hypertension, and pregnancy outcomes are demonstrated in a number of studies. However, it is still debated if IVF treatment or specific characteristics of infertile patients are responsible for worse obstetrical and neonatal outcomes. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate maternal characteristics associated with hypertensive disorders (HD) in IVF conceived pregnancies and to assess the obstetrical and neonatal outcomes...
February 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675257/treatment-of-addison-s-disease-during-pregnancy
#7
Diana Oliveira, Adriana Lages, Sandra Paiva, Francisco Carrilho
Addison's disease, or primary adrenocortical insufficiency, is a long-term, potentially severe, rare endocrine disorder. In pregnancy, it is even rarer. We report the case of a 30-year-old pregnant patient with Addison's disease, referred to Obstetrics-Endocrinology specialty consult at 14 weeks gestation. She had been to the emergency department of her local hospital various times during the first trimester presenting with a clinical scenario suggestive of glucocorticoid under-replacement (nausea, persistent vomiting and hypotension), but this was interpreted as normal pregnancy symptoms...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674196/clinical-and-imaging-profile-of-patients-with-new-onset-seizures-a-presumptive-diagnosis-of-eclampsia-a-prospective-observational-study
#8
Vandana Bojja, Anish Keepanasseril, Pradeep P Nair, V C Sunitha
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical and imaging profile of patients with new-onset seizures with a presumptive diagnosis of eclampsia. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, conducted in a tertiary teaching hospital, on pregnant women presenting with new onset seizures with presumptive diagnosis of eclampsia excluding those with pre-existing neurological conditions. Demographic details, medical and obstetric examination findings were noted. All women underwent neuroimaging within 5 days of onset seizures...
February 25, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673880/french-hospital-discharge-database-pmsi-and-bacterial-resistance-is-coding-adapted-to-hospital-epidemiology
#9
L de Léotoing, F Barbier, A Dinh, D Breilh, G Chaize, A Vainchtock, L Levy-Bachelot, C Bensoussan, S Dramard, J Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: A preliminary analysis of data consistency on different types of bacterial resistance by infection site and causative agents was conducted using the French hospital discharge database (French acronym PMSI) to assess the use of the database in a national cartography tool. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hospital stays in medical, surgical, and obstetrical units were extracted from the 2014 PMSI database using the ICD-10 diagnosis codes. Bacterial infections, causative agents, and resistance corresponding to these stays were also identified...
April 17, 2018: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673665/diminished-ovarian-reserve-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#10
Burcu Tuğrul Ayanoğlu, Elif Didem Özdemir, Onur Türkoğlu, Aslıhan Alhan
OBJECTIVE: Psoriasis is a multi-systemic chronic inflammatory skin disease. Previous data suggests that women with some chronic inflammatory diseases have diminished ovarian reserve. This study explores ovarian reserve in patients with psoriasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 14 female patients with psoriasis and 35 healthy age and body mass index matched controls. An interview explored demographic characteristics, obstetrical history and menstrual characteristics...
April 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673657/outstanding-female-cancer-research-paper-awards-of-the-taiwanese-association-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#11
EDITORIAL
Peng-Hui Wang, Chih-Ping Chen, Tsung-Cheng Kuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673656/outstanding-research-paper-awards-of-the-2017-taiwanese-journal-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#12
EDITORIAL
Peng-Hui Wang, Chih-Ping Chen, Tsung-Cheng Kuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673570/pregnancy-and-parental-leave-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents-results-of-a-nationwide-survey-of-program-directors
#13
Eduardo Hariton, Benjamin Matthews, Abigail Burns, Chitra Akileswaran, Lori R Berkowitz
INTRODUCTION: The health and economic benefits of paid parental leave have been well documented. In 2016, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) released a policy statement on recommended parental leave for trainees, yet, data on adoption of said guidelines is nonexistent and published data on parental leave policies in Ob-Gyn is outdated. The objective of our study is to understand existing parental leave policies in Ob-Gyn training programs and to evaluate program director opinions on these policies and on parenting in residency...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673064/successful-pregnancy-and-delivery-after-simultaneous-islet-kidney-transplantation
#14
Michela Assalino, Michele Podetta, Sandrine Demuylder-Mischler, Katyuska Francini, Nadine Pernin, Jean-Pierre Randin, Domenico Bosco, Axel Andres, Thierry Berney
Allogeneic islet of Langerhans transplantation is a recognized beta-cell replacement therapy for patients affected by type 1 diabetes mellitus. Type 1 diabetes mellitus is a condition associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes for pregnant women and fetuses We report the case of a 29 year-old woman with type 1 diabetes mellitus, who underwent successful allogeneic islet transplantation with simultaneous kidney transplantation. She achieved durable insulin independence after two islet infusions. Pregnancy was desired and planned 2 years after last islet infusion...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672829/timing-of-diagnosis-of-gestational-diabetes-and-pregnancy-outcomes-a-retrospective-cohort
#15
Alexis Shub, Tess Chee, Alexandra Templeton, Deborah Boyce, Catharine McNamara, Christine Houlihan, Leonid Churilov, Elizabeth A McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Recent guidelines suggest screening high-risk women in early pregnancy for gestational diabetes (GDM); however, there is little evidence to support this. AIMS: To compare pregnancy outcomes associated with diabetes for women with risk factors for GDM according to gestation of diagnosis. Early GDM was defined as a positive test before 20 weeks gestation, late GDM as a positive test at 20 or more weeks and no GDM when both tests were negative. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis in an Australian tertiary hospital of women who underwent a glucose tolerance test in pregnancy prior to 20 weeks gestation, and a repeat test after 20 weeks gestation if the initial test was negative...
April 19, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671666/psychiatric-admission-during-pregnancy-in-women-with-schizophrenia-who-attended-a-specialist-antenatal-clinic
#16
Elly Lorraine Harris, Jacqueline Frayne, Suzanna Allen, Kanni Renganathan, Thinh Ngoc Nguyen
OBJECTIVES: The mental health and wellbeing of pregnant women with schizophrenia is an area of research interest. We aim to explore this relationship particularly in regards to psychiatric admission rates, timing and their associated contributing factors. METHODS: A total of 98 pregnancies to women with schizophrenia, who attended a specialist antenatal clinic and delivered from July 2007 to February 2016, were retrospectively examined. The cohort was divided into two groups based on psychiatric admission...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671223/laparoscopic-paraaortic-surgical-staging-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-a-single-center-experience
#17
D Vázquez-Vicente, B Fernández Del Bas, J García Villayzán, H A Di Fiore, J Luna Tirado, V Casado Echarren, J García-Foncillas, J Plaza Arranz, L Chiva
BACKGROUND: One aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic paraaortic lymphadenectomy for paraaortic lymph node staging in locally advanced cervical carcinoma. The second aim was to identify prognostic factors in the evolution of this disease and to evaluate how the results of the surgery modify the oncological treatment of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 59 patients diagnosed with locally advanced cervical cancer International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IB2-IVA who underwent laparoscopic paraaortic lymphadenectomy at our hospital between 2009 and 2015...
April 18, 2018: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671167/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-depressive-symptoms-in-pregnancy-are-associated-with-adverse-perinatal-outcomes
#18
Eynav Elgavish Accortt, Amy Lamb, James Mirocha, Calvin J Hobel
Prenatal vitamin D deficiency and prenatal depression are both separately associated with adverse perinatal outcomes; however, to our knowledge no studies have investigated the effects of having both risk factors. Our objective was to determine to what extent vitamin D deficiency predicts adverse perinatal outcomes and whether elevated depressive symptoms in pregnancy places women at additional increased risk. This study was a secondary data analysis of prospective data collected from a cohort of pregnant women (N = 101) in an obstetric clinic of a large medical center...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670041/comparative-evaluation-of-arabin-pessary-and-cervical-cerclage-for-the-prevention-of-preterm-labor-in-asymptomatic-women-with-high-risk-factors
#19
Panagiotis Tsikouras, George Anastasopoulos, Vasileios Maroulis, Anastasia Bothou, Anna Chalkidou, Dorelia Deuteraiou, Xanthoula Anthoulaki, Georgios Tsatsaris, Arzou Halil Bourazan, George Iatrakis, Stefanos Zervoudis, Georgios Galazios, Lola-Katerina Inagamova, Roland Csorba, Alexander-Tobias Teichmann
OBJECTIVE: Preterm labor is one of the most significant obstetric problems associated with high rate of actual and long-term perinatal complications. Despite the creation of scoring systems, uterine activity monitoring, cervical ultrasound and several biochemical markers, the prediction and prevention of preterm labor is still a matter of concern. The aim of this study was to examine cervical findings for the prediction and the comparative use of Arabin pessary or cerclage for the prevention of preterm birth in asymptomatic women with high risk factors for preterm labor...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669527/-i-didn-t-think-you-were-allowed-that-they-didn-t-mention-that-a-qualitative-study-exploring-women-s-perceptions-of-home-birth
#20
Jo Naylor Smith, Beck Taylor, Karen Shaw, Alistair Hewison, Sara Kenyon
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that home birth is as safe as hospital birth for low risk multiparous women, and is associated with reduced intervention rates and increased rates of normal birth. However the home birth rate in the UK is low, and few women choose this option. The aims of this study were to identify what influences multiparous women's choice of birth place, and to explore their views of home birth. METHODS: Five focus groups were conducted with multiparous women (n = 28) attending mother and baby groups in a city in the UK with a diverse multi-ethnic population...
April 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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