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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054041/cardiovascular-obstetric-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-women-with-previous-fontan-repair
#1
REVIEW
S J Bonner, O Asghar, A Roberts, S Vause, B Clarke, B Keavney
OBJECTIVES: To determine cardiovascular, obstetric and neonatal outcomes of pregnancies in women who have a Fontan circulation. METHODS: A retrospective case note review of all women with a Fontan circulation who attended the joint obstetric cardiac antenatal clinic at St Mary's Hospital, Manchester (UK) between 2004 and 2016 was performed. RESULTS: In total, there were 19 pregnancies in 9 women with a history of Fontan repair. 23 women with univentricular physiology attended in this time period...
October 16, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053439/factors-influencing-indonesian-women-s-use-of-maternal-health-care-services
#2
Anna Kurniati, Ching-Min Chen, Ferry Efendi, Sarni Maniar Berliana
Employing the 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey data, we aimed to examine factors influencing married women to use maternity services. Data of married women who had given birth in the last five years before the survey were included in the analysis (n = 14,672). Factors of education, employment, women's age at first marriage, age at first birth, spousal education difference, contraceptive use, place of residence, and woman's attitude toward wife beating were associated with the use of antenatal care, institutional delivery, and postnatal care services...
October 20, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052334/partner-smoking-influences-whether-mothers-quit-smoking-during-pregnancy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
R M Román-Gálvez, C Amezcua-Prieto, R Olmedo-Requena, A M Lewis-Mikhael Saad, J M Martínez-Galiano, A Bueno-Cavanillas
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and intensity of smoking among pregnant women and their partners and factors associated with quitting smoking among pregnant women. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study starting in 2013. SETTING: Andalusia, the south of Spain. SAMPLE: 486 healthy pregnant women followed up on three occasions during pregnancy. METHODS: Estimation of the proportions of women and partners who quit smoking at each trimester...
October 20, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052276/association-of-spiritual-religious-coping-with-depressive-symptoms-in-high-and-low-risk-pregnant-women
#4
Luciano Magalhães Vitorino, Raíssa Chiaradia, Gail Low, Jonas Prepossi Cruz, Kenneth I Pargament, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the role of spiritual/religious coping (SRC) on depressive symptoms in high- and low-risk pregnant women. BACKGROUND: SRC is associated with physical and mental health outcomes. However, only few studies investigated the role of these strategies during pregnancy and whether low- and high-risk pregnant women have different coping mechanisms. DESIGN: This study is a cross-sectional comparative study...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051775/obstetric-medicine-and-social-media-friend-or-foe
#5
EDITORIAL
Charlotte Frise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051520/longitudinal-assessment-of-hla-and-mic-a-antibodies-in-uneventful-pregnancies-and-pregnancies-complicated-by-preeclampsia-or-gestational-diabetes
#6
Lorenz Küssel, Harald Herkner, Markus Wahrmann, Farsad Eskandary, Konstantin Doberer, Julia Binder, Petra Pateisky, Harald Zeisler, Georg A Böhmig, Gregor Bond
The significance of antibodies directed against paternal epitopes in the context of obstetric disorders is discussed controversially. In this study anti-HLA and anti-MIC-A antibodies were analysed in sera of women with uneventful pregnancy (n = 101), preeclampsia (PE, n = 55) and gestational diabetes (GDM, n = 36) using antigen specific microbeads. While two thirds of the women with uneventful pregnancy or GDM were HLA and MIC-A antibody positive in gestational week 11 to 13 with a modest increase towards the end of pregnancy, women with PE showed an inverse kinetic: 90% were HLA antibody positive in gestational week 11 to 13 and only 10% showed HLA reactivities at the end of the pregnancy...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051058/cytomegalovirus-infection-in-pregnant-women-and-its-association-with-bad-obstetric-outcomes-in-northern-india
#7
Tanzeem Fatima, Haris Siddiqui, Sneha Ghildiyal, Manjari Baluni, Dharam Veer Singh, Amreen Zia, T N Dhole
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection during pregnancy is far more complex than other infections, due to ability of the virus to be frequently reactivated during the child bearing age and may vertically transmitted to the developing fetus in spite of maternal immunity. Therefore, in the current study we determined the prevalence of CMV infection in pregnant women and tried to identify the role of maternal CMV infection in adverse pregnancy outcomes in Northern India. In this case-control study, 517 pregnant women, out of them 200 in case group and 317 in the control group...
October 16, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050257/linc-ror-induces-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-ovarian-cancer-by-increasing-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#8
Yanhui Lou, Huanhuan Jiang, Zhumei Cui, Lingzhi Wang, Xiangyu Wang, Tian Tian
Long intergenic non-protein coding RNA, regulator of reprogramming (linc-ROR) is an intergenic long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) previously shown to contribute to tumorigenesis in several malignancies. However, little is known about whether linc-ROR has a role in ovarian cancer progression. In this study, we found that linc-ROR expression was increased in high-grade ovarian serous cancer tissues compared with normal ovarian tissues or normal fallopian tube tissues. Furthermore, the level of linc-ROR expression was associated with ovarian cancer International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage and lymph node metastasis...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050164/-comparisons-of-prevalence-and-clinical-and-environmental-characteristics-between-tibetan-and-han-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-in-tibetan-plateau
#9
K L Zhai, G Zhuo, H B Chi, Z Lan
Objective: By the preliminary comparison study on the constituent ratio and clinical characteristics of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in Tibetan and Han women in Tibetan Plateau, we aimed to find the relevance of its pathogenic factors, and to guide the treatment of PCOS in the plateau region and improve the prognosis. Methods: The general situation and clinical data of 165 patients who were diagnosed with PCOS from December 1, 2015 to November 30, 2016 in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the People's Hospital of Tibet Autonomous Region were analyzed retrospectively...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050063/-update-in-obstetric-anesthesia-tried-and-trusted-methods-controversies-and-new-perspectives-part-1
#10
Peter Kranke, Thorsten Annecke, Dorothee H Bremerich, Daniel Chappell, Thierry Girard, Wiebke Gogarten, Robert Hanß, Lutz Kaufner, Sophie Neuhaus, Tobias Ninke, Thomas Standl, Stefan Weber, Yvonne Jelting, Thomas Volk
Since 1975, a plethora of lectures within the context of annual meetings relevant for the clinical care has been summarized in "what's new in obstetric anesthesia" by the Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology which can be recommended to everyone interested in anaesthesiology in the delivery room. After the death of Gerard W. Ostheimer, Professor of Anaesthesiology at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, it became renamed the Gerard W. Ostheimer "what's new in obstetric anesthesia" lecture to honor his contributions to regional anesthesia and obstetric anaesthesia...
October 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049918/dc-sign-expression-in-hofbauer-cells-may-play-an-important-role-in-immune-tolerance-in-fetal-chorionic-villi-during-the-development-of-preeclampsia
#11
Seung Woo Yang, Eun Hee Cho, So Young Choi, Yun Kyung Lee, Jae Hyun Park, Min Kyung Kim, Jin Yeon Park, Hyeong Jwa Choi, Jeong Ik Lee, Hyun Myung Ko, Seung Hwa Park, Han Sung Hwang, Young Sun Kang
Immune tolerance at feto-maternal interfaces is a complex phenomenon. Although maternal decidual macrophages are well-known immune cells, little is known about fetal-derived macrophages (Hofbauer cells) within chorionic villi. Preeclampsia (PE) is a major cause of maternal mortality in the field of obstetrics, and the innate immunological role of maternal decidual macrophages is well known. In this study, we assessed the differential phenotypes and marker expression in fetal macrophages, known as dendritic cell-specific ICAM-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN)-positive Hofbauer cells...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049412/measuring-facility-capability-to-provide-routine-and-emergency-childbirth-care-to-mothers-and-newborns-an-appeal-to-adjust-for-delivery-caseload-of-facilities
#12
Stephanie M Allen, Charles Opondo, Oona M R Campbell
BACKGROUND: Measurement of Emergency Obstetric Care capability is common, and measurement of newborn and overall routine childbirth care has begun in recent years. These assessments of facility capabilities can be used to identify geographic inequalities in access to functional health services and to monitor improvements over time. This paper develops an approach for monitoring the childbirth environment that accounts for the delivery caseload of the facility. METHODS: We used data from the Kenya Service Provision Assessment to examine facility capability to provide quality childbirth care, including infrastructure, routine maternal and newborn care, and emergency obstetric and newborn care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049122/case-series-of-successful-postoperative-pain-management-in-buprenorphine-maintenance-therapy-patients
#13
Barbara L Leighton, Lara W Crock
Buprenorphine maintenance therapy patients frequently have severe postoperative pain due to buprenorphine-induced hyperalgesia and provider use of opioids with limited efficacy in the presence of buprenorphine. The authors report good-to-excellent pain management in 4 obstetric patients using nonopioid analgesics, regional anesthesia, continuation of buprenorphine, and use of opioids with high μ receptor affinity.
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048133/vasa-previa-prenatal-diagnosis-and-outcomes-thirty-five-cases-from-a-single-maternal-fetal-medicine-practice
#14
Ankita Kulkarni, Jennifer Powel, Michael Aziz, Leena Shah, Susan Lashley, Carlos Benito, Yinka Oyelese
OBJECTIVES: To assess the accuracy and effectiveness of routine screening for vasa previa, to describe our experience, and to assess factors that contribute to missed cases of vasa previa. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study of all cases of vasa previa from a single maternal-fetal medicine service between 2009 and 2017 was performed. Ultrasound findings and obstetric and neonatal outcomes were reviewed and analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty-five cases of vasa previa were identified...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047427/pregnant-women-hospitalized-with-chikungunya-virus-infection-colombia-2015
#15
Maria Escobar, Albaro J Nieto, Sara Loaiza-Osorio, Juan S Barona, Fernando Rosso
In 2015 in Colombia, 60 pregnant women were hospitalized with chikungunya virus infections confirmed by reverse transcription PCR. Nine of these women required admission to the intensive care unit because of sepsis with hypoperfusion and organ dysfunction; these women met the criteria for severe acute maternal morbidity. No deaths occurred. Fifteen women delivered during acute infection; some received tocolytics to delay delivery until after the febrile episode and prevent possible vertical transmission. As recommended by a pediatric neonatologist, 12 neonates were hospitalized to rule out vertical transmission; no clinical findings suggestive of neonatal chikungunya virus infection were observed...
November 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046769/factors-that-affect-the-onset-of-action-of-non-depolarizing-neuromuscular-blocking-agents
#16
REVIEW
Yong Byum Kim, Tae-Yun Sung, Hong Seuk Yang
Neuromuscular blockade plays an important role in the safe management of patient airways, surgical field improvement, and respiratory care. Rapid-sequence induction of anesthesia is indispensable to emergency surgery and obstetric anesthesia, and its purpose is to obtain a stable airway, adequate depth of anesthesia, and appropriate respiration within a short period of time without causing irritation or damage to the patient. There has been a continued search for new neuromuscular blocking drugs (NMBDs) with a rapid onset of action...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046273/upright-versus-lying-down-position-in-second-stage-of-labour-in-nulliparous-women-with-low-dose-epidural-bumpes-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
(no author information available yet)
Objective To determine whether being upright in the second stage of labour in nulliparous women with a low dose epidural increases the chance of spontaneous vaginal birth compared with lying down.Design Multicentre pragmatic individually randomised controlled trial.Setting 41 UK hospital labour wards.Participants 3093 nulliparous women aged 16 or older, at term with a singleton cephalic presentation and in the second stage of labour with epidural analgesia.Interventions Women were allocated to an upright or lying down position, using a secure web based randomisation service, stratified by centre, with no masking of participants or clinicians to the trial interventions...
October 18, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045808/kaplan-meier-survival-analysis-overestimates-cumulative-incidence-of-health-related-events-in-the-presence-of-competing-risks-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Sarah Lacny, Todd Wilson, Fiona Clement, Derek J Roberts, Peter Faris, William A Ghali, Deborah A Marshall
OBJECTIVE: Kaplan-Meier survival analysis may overestimate cumulative incidence in competing risks (CR) settings. The clinical significance of this overestimation has been questioned and CR methods are infrequently used. This meta-analysis compares the Kaplan-Meier method to the cumulative incidence function (CIF), a CR method. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, BIOSIS Previews, Web of Science (1992-2016), and article bibliographies for studies estimating cumulative incidence using the Kaplan-Meier method and CIF...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045499/obstetric-and-psychological-characteristics-of-women-choosing-epidural-analgesia-during-labour-a-cohort-study
#19
Vasilis Sitras, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Malin Eberhard-Gran
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the obstetric and psychological characteristics of women who opt to use epidural analgesia (EDA) during labour and the impact of participating in labour preparation courses on women's decisions to use EDA. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Akershus University Hospital, Norway. POPULATION: 2596 women with singleton pregnancies and intended vaginal delivery. METHODS: Data were collected using two self-completed questionnaires at pregnancy weeks 17 and 32...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045297/contributors-future-of-obstetrical-care
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
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