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Touch Screen

Amin Dorost, Yayha Safari, Maliheh Akhlaghi, Marzieh Soleimani, Nasrin Yoosefpour
Microorganisms live almost everywhere, they are even present on inanimate objects such as Mobile phones, as a result contaminates our body. The main purpose of this study was tantamount to compare microbial contamination of keypad and touch screen mobile cell phones between hospital and non-hospital staffs. Samples were collected from 456 cell phones of hospital and non-hospital. Microbial swab samples were taken from 1 cm2 of surface from each cell phone, and incubated on Brain Heart Infusion agar media at 37...
October 2018: Data in Brief
Abhishek Pratap, Brenna N Renn, Joshua Volponi, Sean D Mooney, Adam Gazzaley, Patricia A Arean, Joaquin A Anguera
BACKGROUND: Most people with mental health disorders fail to receive timely access to adequate care. US Hispanic/Latino individuals are particularly underrepresented in mental health care and are historically a very difficult population to recruit into clinical trials; however, they have increasing access to mobile technology, with over 75% owning a smartphone. This technology has the potential to overcome known barriers to accessing and utilizing traditional assessment and treatment approaches...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Matthew Hudson, Katrina L McDonough, Rhys Edwards, Patric Bach
Primates interpret conspecific behaviour as goal-directed and expect others to achieve goals by the most efficient means possible. While this teleological stance is prominent in evolutionary and developmental theories of social cognition, little is known about the underlying mechanisms. In predictive models of social cognition, a perceptual prediction of an ideal efficient trajectory would be generated from prior knowledge against which the observed action is evaluated, distorting the perception of unexpected inefficient actions...
August 8, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Renata S Mendonça, Christoph D Dahl, Susana Carvalho, Tetsuro Matsuzawa, Ikuma Adachi
Humans help others even without direct benefit for themselves. However, the nature of altruistic (i.e., only the other benefits) and prosocial (i.e., self and other both benefit) behaviors in our closest living relative, the chimpanzee, remains controversial. To address this further, we developed a touch-screen-guided task that allowed us to increase the number of trials for a thorough test of chimpanzees' prosocial and altruistic tendencies. Mother-offspring dyads were tested in the same compartment; one was the actor while the other was the recipient...
2018: PeerJ
Victor M Peñeñory, Cristina Manresa-Yee, Inmaculada Riquelme, Cesar A Collazos, Habib M Fardoun
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work is to provide a scoping review to compile and classify the systems helping train and enhance psychomotor skills in hearing impaired (HI) children. METHODS: Based on an exhaustive review on psychomotor deficits in HI children, the procedure used to carry out a scoping review was: select keywords and identify synonyms, select databases and prepare the queries using keywords, analyze the quality of the works found using the PEDro Scale, classify the works based on psychomotor competences, analyze the interactive systems (e...
August 3, 2018: Sensors
Chantal Backman, Michelle Crick, Danielle Cho-Young, Megan Scharf, Beverley Shea
BACKGROUND: With age, the acuity of the five senses (i.e., hearing, sight, taste, smell, touch) is reduced. These types of sensory changes can affect day-to-day activities, making it more difficult for individuals to communicate and to interact with the world around them. The five senses allow us to receive information from the environment in the form of sound, light, smell, taste, and touch. As an older person's senses decline, they need more stimulation to be aware of these sensations...
August 4, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Fithamlak Bisetegen Solomon, Fiseha Wadilo Wada, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo, Hailu Chare Koyra, Efrata Girma Tufa
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to assess the burden of intestinal parasites and Salmonellosis among asymptomatic food handlers at meal serving facilities in Sodo town. Antibiotic resistance was also common and increasing among Salmonella isolates with multidrug resistance as current concern. RESULT: Community based cross-sectional study was carried out from 387 food handlers working in meal serving facilities. Food handlers, 159(41%) had one or more intestinal parasites...
July 24, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Nick P van Goethem, Britt T J van Hagen, Jos Prickaerts
Pattern separation is the process of transforming highly similar sensory inputs into distinct, dissimilar representations. It takes place in the hippocampus and is thought to be used in episodic memory. Impaired pattern separation performance has been recognized as a predictor for the development of cognitive impairments such as dementia in humans and as being present in patients with schizophrenia and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In this protocol, we describe how to implement a simple and robust object pattern separation (OPS) task in mice and rats that we have previously established and validated...
August 2018: Nature Protocols
Nathan C Sundgren, Ganga Gokulakrishnan, Frances C Kelly, Kellie S Kainer, Joseph L Hagan, Melissa A Witt, Deborah DʼAmbrosio, Jeanine M Graf, Gautham K Suresh
Communication around high-risk deliveries is critical to ensure patient safety. A hospital-wide system change in paging the neonatal resuscitation team (NRT) to deliveries was implemented but disliked. An interdisciplinary team seized the opportunity to explore opportunities for an enhanced system to improve communication. The team designed a new screen to our smart panel (responder 5 staff terminal, Rauland, Mount Prospect, Illinois) to page NRT with the location and primary indication for which they were needed at delivery...
July 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
Hans Timmerman, Oliver Hg Wilder-Smith, Monique Ah Steegers, Kris Cp Vissers, André P Wolff
Background: The assessment of a neuropathic pain component (NePC) to establish the neurological criteria required to comply with the clinical description is based on history taking, clinical examination, and quantitative sensory testing (QST) and includes bedside examination (BSE). The objective of this study was to assess the potential association between the clinically diagnosed presence or absence of an NePC, BSE, and the Nijmegen-Aalborg screening QST (NASQ) paradigm in patients with chronic (≥3 months) low back and leg pain or with neck shoulder arm pain or in patients with chronic pain due to suspected peripheral nerve damage...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Steven Baker, Jeni Warburton, Jenny Waycott, Frances Batchelor, Thuong Hoang, Briony Dow, Elizabeth Ozanne, Frank Vetere
OBJECTIVES: There are growing concerns that social isolation presents risks to older people's health and well-being. Thus, the objective of the review was to explore how technology is currently being utilised to combat social isolation and increase social participation, hence improving social outcomes for older people. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted across the social science and human-computer interaction databases. RESULTS: A total of 36 papers met the inclusion criteria and were analysed using a four-step process...
July 19, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Piercarlo Saletti, Piero Sanna, Luca Gabutti, Michele Ghielmini
In the last decades, the survival of many patients with cancer improved thanks to modern diagnostic methods and progresses in therapy. Still for several tumours, especially when diagnosed at an advanced stage, the benefits of treatment in terms of increased survival or quality of life are at best modest when not marginal, and should be weighed against the potential discomfort caused by medical procedures. As in other specialties, in oncology as well the dialogue between doctor and patient should be encouraged about the potential overuse of diagnostic procedures or treatments...
2018: ESMO Open
Takashi Okamoto, Shogo Takatani, Yoshiteru Noutoshi, Hiroyasu Motose, Taku Takahashi
Mechanical sensing is one of the most fundamental processes for sessile plants to survive and grow. The response is known to involve calcium elevation in the cell. The Arabidopsis seedlings grown horizontally on agar plates covered with a dialysis membrane show 2-fold reduction in root growth compared with those grown vertically, a response to mechanical stress generated due to gravitropism of the root. To understand the molecular mechanism of how plant roots sense and respond to mechanical stimuli, we screened chemical libraries for compounds that affect the horizontal root growth in this experimental system and found that, while having no effect on the root gravitropism, omeprazole known as a proton pump inhibitor significantly enhanced the mechanical stress-induced root growth reduction especially in lower pH media...
July 14, 2018: Plant & Cell Physiology
Yasemin Vardar, Burak Guclu, Cagatay Basdogan
Future touch screen applications will include multiple tactile stimuli displayed simultaneously or consecutively to single finger or multiple fingers. These applications should be designed by considering human tactile masking mechanism since it is known that presenting one stimulus may interfere with the perception of the other. In this study, we investigate the effect of masking on tactile perception of electrovibration displayed on touch screens. Through conducting psychophysical experiments with nine subjects, we measured the masked thresholds of sinusoidal electrovibration bursts (125 Hz) under two masking conditions: simultaneous and pedestal...
July 11, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
Senem Ezgi Emgin, Amirreza Aghakhani, Metin Sezgin, Cagatay Basdogan
We present HapTable; a multi-modal interactive tabletop that allows users to interact with digital images and objects through natural touch gestures, and receive visual and haptic feedback accordingly. In our system, hand pose is registered by an infrared camera and hand gestures are classified using a Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier. To display a rich set of haptic effects for both static and dynamic gestures, we integrated electromechanical and electrostatic actuation techniques effectively on tabletop surface of HapTable, which is a surface capacitive touch screen...
July 11, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Dapeng Chen, Aiguo Song, Lei Tian, Yuqing Yu, Lifeng Zhu
Touch screen technology supplies a new approach to interact with virtual environments. For haptic interaction on a touch screen, haptic devices that are capable of simultaneously conveying tactile and force information to users are highly desired for enhancing the sense of reality and immersion. To this end, a prototype haptic interface, called MH-Pen, was developed and fabricated to display the virtual interactive information through multi-mode haptic feedback. The MH-Pen is a self-contained system that provides vibrotactile feedback and precise force feedback by integrating three types of actuators...
April 13, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
Qiuhong Zhang, Simiao Niu, Li Wang, Jeffrey Lopez, Shucheng Chen, Yifeng Cai, Ruichun Du, Yuxin Liu, Jian-Cheng Lai, Ling Liu, Cheng-Hui Li, Xuzhou Yan, Chungen Liu, Jeffrey B-H Tok, Xudong Jia, Zhenan Bao
Adopting self-healing, robust, and stretchable materials is a promising method to enable next-generation wearable electronic devices, touch screens, and soft robotics. Both elasticity and self-healing are important qualities for substrate materials as they comprise the majority of device components. However, most autonomous self-healing materials reported to date have poor elastic properties, i.e., they possess only modest mechanical strength and recoverability. Here, a substrate material designed is reported based on a combination of dynamic metal-coordinated bonds (β-diketone-europium interaction) and hydrogen bonds together in a multiphase separated network...
July 5, 2018: Advanced Materials
Naomi Kokubo, Yuma Yokoi, Yuji Saitoh, Miho Murata, Kazushi Maruo, Yoshitake Takebayashi, Issei Shinmei, Sadanobu Yoshimoto, Masaru Horikoshi
BACKGROUND: A newer generation neuropsychological tests can take advantage of touch screen and mobile technology. We have developed a new Android application termed "User eXperience-Trail Making Test (UX-TMT)" for neurocognitive assessment and training. This study investigated the utility, including the reliability and the validity, of the UX-TMT as a screening test for cognitive decline in adults. METHODS: A total of 84 individuals aged 27-86 years were divided into three groups; healthy controls ([HC] n = 29), people with Parkinson's disease (PD; n = 28), and people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia (MCI&D; n = 27)...
July 5, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Samir Gupta, Victor Lam Shin Cheung, Monika Kastner, Sharon Straus, Alan Kaplan, Louis-Philippe Boulet, Joanna Em Sale
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of asthma control and provision of asthma action plans are seldom performed in practice, partly due to limited time for physicians to ascertain required information. A patient-facing electronic asthma questionnaire could facilitate information collection. We sought to design a touch-tablet asthma questionnaire for use in the clinic waiting room and to describe patient preferences for the content of such a questionnaire. METHODS: We created a questionnaire prototype based on best evidence and employed rapid-cycle design (semi-structured focus group testing; analysis; corresponding modifications; re-testing) with asthma patients aged ≥ 16 years...
July 4, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Theresa J Allain, Grieves Mang'anda, Marrianne Kasiya, Patricia Khomani, Ndaziona P Banda, Andrew Gonani, Ingrid Peterson, Gavin Dreyer
The Malawian health sector has a strong tradition of systematic data collection for monitoring and evaluation of large-scale services. A highly successful adapted Directly Observed Treatment, Short course "DOTS" framework, based on patient registers and paper-based mastercards was introduced to facilitate the management and monitoring of the scale up of antiretroviral therapy. Subsequently, a simple, touch-screen based electronic medical record system (EMRs) was effectively introduced at high burden ART sites...
December 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
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