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Metastasis head neck cancer

Hanibal Bohnenberger, Lars Kaderali, Philipp Ströbel, Diego Yepes, Uwe Plessmann, Neekesh V Dharia, Sha Yao, Carina Heydt, Sabine Merkelbach-Bruse, Alexander Emmert, Jonatan Hoffmann, Julius Bodemeyer, Kirsten Reuter-Jessen, Anna-Maria Lois, Leif Hendrik Dröge, Philipp Baumeister, Christoph Walz, Lorenz Biggemann, Roland Walter, Björn Häupl, Federico Comoglio, Kuan-Ting Pan, Sebastian Scheich, Christof Lenz, Stefan Küffer, Felix Bremmer, Julia Kitz, Maren Sitte, Tim Beißbarth, Marc Hinterthaner, Martin Sebastian, Joachim Lotz, Hans-Ulrich Schildhaus, Hendrik Wolff, Bernhard C Danner, Christian Brandts, Reinhard Büttner, Martin Canis, Kimberly Stegmaier, Hubert Serve, Henning Urlaub, Thomas Oellerich
Patients with head-and-neck cancer can develop both lung metastasis and primary lung cancer during the course of their disease. Despite the clinical importance of discrimination, reliable diagnostic biomarkers are still lacking. Here, we have characterised a cohort of squamous cell lung (SQCLC) and head-and-neck (HNSCC) carcinomas by quantitative proteomics. In a training cohort, we quantified 4,957 proteins in 44 SQCLC and 30 HNSCC tumours. A total of 518 proteins were found to be differentially expressed between SQCLC and HNSCC, and some of these were identified as genetic dependencies in either of the two tumour types...
August 10, 2018: EMBO Molecular Medicine
Yukio Yoshioka, Hirotaka Nakatao, Tomoaki Hamana, Atsuko Hamada, Taku Kanda, Koichi Koizumi, Shigeaki Toratani, Tetsuji Okamoto
INTRODUCTION: Suture granuloma is a benign tumor that develops because of the presence of surgical suture materials. It commonly occurs several years after different types of surgeries. Here we report a case involving a 64-year-old man who underwent head and neck surgery for oral squamous cell carcinoma and developed multiple suture granulomas mimicking tumor recurrence in the radiation field just a few days after the completion of adjuvant chemoradiation therapy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient underwent surgery for lymph node metastasis in the neck at 6 months after the resection of primary oral squamous cell carcinoma...
July 27, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Maxime Mermod, Massimo Bongiovanni, Tatiana Petrova, Elena Goun, Christian Simon, Genrich Tolstonog, Yan Monnier
Objective The management of occult lymph node metastasis (LNM) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma has been a matter of controversy for decades. The vascular density within the tumor microenvironment, as an indicator of ongoing angiogenesis, could constitute an attractive predictor of LNM. The use of the panvascular endothelial antibody CD31 as a marker of occult LNM has never been reported. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of CD31 microvascular density for the detection of occult LNM in squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity and oropharynx...
August 7, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Yu-Syuan Chen, Ching-Wen Chang, Yeou-Guang Tsay, Liu-Ying Huang, Yi-Chen Wu, Li-Hao Cheng, Cheng-Chieh Yang, Cheng-Hsien Wu, Wan-Huai Teo, Kai-Feng Hung, Chih-Yang Huang, Te-Chang Lee, Jeng-Fan Lo
Human tumorous imaginal disc (Tid1), a DnaJ co-chaperone protein, is classified as a tumor suppressor. Previously, we demonstrated that Tid1 reduces head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) malignancy. However, the molecular details of Tid1-mediated anti-metastasis remain elusive. Methods: We used affinity chromatography and systemic mass spectrometry to identify Tid1-interacting client proteins. Immunohistochemical staining of Tid1 in HNSCC patient tissues was examined to evaluate the association between the expression profile of Tid1-interacting client proteins with pathologic features and prognosis...
2018: Theranostics
Yong-Jiang Li, Yong Luo, Xiao-Qi Xie, Ping Li, Feng Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The prognostic significance of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in head and neck cancer is still under debate, as only a few studies have been reported and limited conclusions are reached. Besides, CTCs' count alone was utilized as an indicator in the previous researches. As a form of 'liquid biopsy', the further identification of genetic or phenotypic biomarkers on CTCs could possibly provide further clinical significance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospective study enrolled 131 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC)...
August 3, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Cheng-Long Huang, Cheng Xu, Yuan Zhang, Guan-Qun Zhou, Yan-Ping Mao, Qing Liu, Ying Sun, Jun Ma, Ling-Long Tang
BACKGROUND: To compare the efficacy of ipsilateral lower neck sparing irradiation (ILNSI) versus ipsilateral lower neck prophylactic irradiation (ILNPI) for unilateral or bilateral neck node-negative nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC). METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and other public databases was conducted in October, 2017. The outcomes were 3-year overall/regional recurrence-free/disease-free/distant metastasis-free survival (OS/RRFS/DFS/DMFS) and ipsilateral lower neck (ILN) recurrence...
August 6, 2018: Radiation Oncology
Raissa Borges Curtarelli, Jussara Maria Gonçalves, Luciane Geanini Pena Dos Santos, Maria Gorete Savi, Jacques Eduardo Nör, Luis André Mendonça Mezzomo, Mabel Mariela Rodríguez Cordeiro
Malignant neoplasms may be composed of several cell groups, including cancer stem cells (CSC). These cells have been related with the capacity of metastasis, relapse and resistance to multiple drugs during chemotherapy. This study aims to identify CSC biomarkers and their expression pattern in human head and neck carcinomas. This study was conducted following the PRISMA checklist. The search for articles was carried out in five databases (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Lilacs and Scielo). The articles found were selected in two phases: 1) reading the titles and / or abstract and 2) reading the full text...
August 3, 2018: Stem Cell Reviews
L Salazar-García, M Pérez-Sayáns, A García-García, A Carracedo, R Cruz, A Lozano, B Sobrino, F Barros
BACKGROUND: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a global public health problem, which increases in prevalence every year. Evidence brings up that small populations of stem cells, the cancer stem cells (CSC), are responsible for tumour initiation, tumorigenesis, progression, and metastasis. These cells play a crucial role in cancer development and treatment response, but the origin of CSCs remains unclear. In this research, we have sequenced the entire exome of the three different groups of cells of primary squamous cell carcinoma tumour from different patients, with the aim to understand their main genetic changes and to elucidate the possible origin of tumour cells and tumour stem cells...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
Xiao Liang, Tang Liu, Chuang Yuan, Wanchun Wang, Peixiong Liang
BACKGROUND: Treponema Pallidum (TP), the pathogen of syphilis, commonly infects bones in cases of congenital and tertiary syphilis, but it is rare in the primary and secondary stages. With its mild symptoms and rare clinical findings, it might be easy to dismiss the diagnosis of early syphilis. Usually, effective results can be achieved after the conventional strategy of antibiotic treatments, mainly penicillin. To our knowledge, our case is so far the most serious reported case of destructive bone lesion in secondary syphilis, and our treatment for the case is the first strategy using total hip arthroplasty in secondary syphilis...
July 25, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Fatima Qadir, Mohammad Arshad Aziz, Chrisdina Puspita Sari, Hong Ma, Haiyan Dai, Xun Wang, Dhiresh Raithatha, Lucas Girotto Lagreca Da Silva, Muhammad Hussain, Seyedeh P Poorkasreiy, Iain L Hutchison, Ahmad Waseem, Muy-Teck Teh
BACKGROUND: Exosomes are extracellular vesicles released by almost all cell types, including cancer cells, into bodily fluids such as saliva, plasma, breast milk, semen, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, amniotic fluid, synovial fluid and sputum. Their key function being intercellular communication with both neighbouring as well as distant cells. Cancer exosomes have been shown to regulate organ-specific metastasis. However, little is known about the functional differences and molecular consequences of normal cells responding to exosomes derived from normal cells compared to those derived from cancer cells...
July 16, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Henna Pehkonen, Mira Lento, Pernilla von Nandelstadh, Artemis Filippou, Reidar Grénman, Kaisa Lehti, Outi Monni
BACKGROUND: PPFIA1 is located at the 11q13 region commonly amplified in cancer. The protein liprin-α1 encoded by PPF1A1 contributes to the adhesive and invasive structures of cytoskeletal elements and is located at the invadosomes in cancer cells. However, the precise mechanism of liprin-α1 function in cancer progression has remained elusive. METHODS: Invasion regulating activity of liprin-α1 was examined by analyzing the functions of squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck (HNSCC) cell lines in three-dimensional collagen I after RNAi mediated gene knockdown...
July 13, 2018: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
HuanHuan Guo, Shuo Huang, Shuang Li, Hui Yu, ShiXiong Wu, XuHong Zhou
Background and objective: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a common head and neck malignancy. Despite recent advances in treatment, the prognosis, particularly for those at the advanced stages, remains poor. Moreover, the underlying genetic and molecular events have remained obscure so far. Recently, increasing evidence has demonstrated that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) could act as either oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes in various cancers depending on their targets. And some lncRNAs have been shown to be aberrantly expressed in NPC...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
Jae Yeong Cho, Kye Hun Kim, Hyukjin Park, Hyun Ju Yoon, Jong Chun Park
BACKGROUND: Intracardiac invasion of head and neck cancer is extremely rare. Here, we report a case of recurred oral cavity cancer presenting with complete atrioventricular (AV) block caused by cardiac metastasis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old male presented with dizziness for 2 days. He had a history of oral cavity cancer a year ago, and the tumor was treated by surgical excision after induction chemotherapy and concurrent chemoradiation therapy. Electrocardiography showed complete AV block with ventricular escape rate of 43 beats per minute...
July 9, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Chia-Hsin Hsieh, Shyh-Kuan Tai, Muh-Hwa Yang
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a major event during cancer progression and metastasis; however, the definitive role of EMT in remodeling tumor microenvironments (TMEs) is unclear. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are a major type of host immune cells in TMEs, and they perform a wide range of functions to regulate tumor colonization and progression by regulating tumor invasiveness, local tumor immunity, and angiogenesis. TAMs are considered to have an M2-like, i.e., alternatively activated, phenotype; however, how these EMT-undergoing cancer cells promote M2 polarization of TAMs as a crucial tumor-host interplay during cancer progression is unclear...
August 2018: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
Yuan Qu, Di Wang, Lin Yang, Hui-Ying Liu, Wei Cui, Yi-Qun Che
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has the highest incidence of all types of head and neck cancer in China. The present study aimed to investigate the association between the expression of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) in NPC tissues and clinicopathological features, as well the outcomes for NPC patients. In addition, the association between tissue expression of PD-L1 and immune components in peripheral blood was assessed. The expression of PD-L1 was determined by immunohistochemistry, while immune indexes were determined by ELISA and flow cytometry...
July 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Jeon Hwang-Bo, Mun Gyeong Bae, Jong-Hwa Park, In Sik Chung
BACKGROUND: Sentinel lymph node metastasis is a common and early event in the metastatic process of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and is the most powerful prognostic factor for survival of HNSCC patients. 3-O-acetyloleanolic acid (3AOA), a pentacyclic triterpenoid compound isolated from seeds of Vigna sinensis K., has been reported to have potent anti-angiogenesis and anti-tumor activities. However, its effects on tumor-related lymphangiogenesis and lymph node metastasis are not yet understood...
July 5, 2018: BMC Cancer
Muhammad Imran, Abdur Rauf, Imtiaz Ali Khan, Muhammad Shahbaz, Tahira Batool Qaisrani, Sri Fatmawati, Tareq Abu-Izneid, Ali Imran, Khaliq Ur Rahman, Tanweer Aslam Gondal
The higher consumption of fruit, herbs, spices, and vegetables is well known and practical strategy to cure human cancers owing to their presence of bioactive compounds. Among these, Nigella sativa is a promising source of bioactive compounds including thymoquinone, monoterpenes, p-cymene and α-piene etc. Thymoquinone has been found effective to inhibit the different cancer stages such as proliferation, migration and invasion. It also acts as anticancer agent against different human cancers such as breast, pancreatic, prostate, blood, oral, bone, head and neck, cervical, liver and lung...
June 29, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Chaturbhuj Ramanand Agrawal, Kumardeep Dutta, Dinesh Chandra Doval, Sunil Pasricha, Manoj Gupta
Primary malignancies of the salivary gland itself are uncommon, while secondary metastatic deposits are further very rare with description of only few case reports in the literature. The most common site of metastatic deposit to parotid gland is from squamous cell malignancies of head and neck, while secondary deposits from primary in infraclavicular location are very rarely described. We herein describe the case of an elderly lady who while on adjuvant endocrine therapy developed metastatic disease with right intraparotid node as the sole site of metastasis detected on FDG PET scan...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
Brittany Allen, Augusto Schneider, Berta Victoria, Yury O Nunez Lopez, Mark Muller, Mateusz Szewczyk, Jakub Pazdrowski, Ewa Majchrzak, Wojciech Barczak, Wojciech Golusinski, Pawel Golusinski, Michal M Masternak
The head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) represents one of the most common cancers in humans. Close to 600,000 new diagnoses are made every year worldwide and over half of diagnosed patients will not survive. In view of this low survival rate, the development of novel cell-based assays for HNSCC will allow more mechanistic approaches for specific diagnostics for each individual patient. The cell-based assays will provide more informative data predicting cellular processes in treated patient, which in effect would improve patient follow up...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
Müberra Pehlivan, Melek Kezban Gurbuz, Cemal Cingi, Baki Adapinar, A Nevbahar Değirmenci, F Mustafa Acikalin, Mehmet Özgür Pinarbaşli, Ertugrul Colak
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasonography is the easiest non-invasive method to diagnose lymph node metastases in patients with head and neck cancer. However, since CT scans are often preferred in the evaluation of primary tumours of these patients, information about lymphatic metastases may also available in these patients. Therefore, ultrasound is not routinely employed in the evaluation of these patients. However, elastography technique, a recent development in ultrasound technology, could make use of ultrasonography in these patients even more widespread, even though it is still not widely used today...
February 16, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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