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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30525996/positive-psychology-a-personal-history
#1
Martin E P Seligman
As president of APA in 1998, I organized researchers and practitioners to work on building well-being, not just on the traditional task of reducing ill-being. Substantial research then found that well-being causes many external benefits, including better physical and mental health. Among the applications of Positive Psychology are national psychological accounts of wellbeing, Positive Psychotherapy, the classification of strengths and virtues, Comprehensive Soldier Fitness, and Positive Education. Positive Psychology has spread beyond psychology into neuroscience, health, psychiatry, theology, and even to the humanities...
December 10, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521548/-i-should-not-feed-such-a-weak-woman-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-living-with-podoconiosis-a-qualitative-study-in-northern-ethiopia
#2
Girmay Tsegay, Kebede Deribe, Negussie Deyessa, Adamu Addissie, Gail Davey, Max Cooper, Mei L Trueba
BACKGROUND: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a serious, preventable public health problem that affects millions of people worldwide. Research indicates that adults suffering from long term, disabling conditions are more likely to be victims of IPV due to the intersection of disease-associated stigma and discrimination. IPV in turn is known to worsen the overall health and wellbeing of those affected by it. Little research however explores the relationship between neglected tropical diseases such as podoconiosis and IPV...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521532/non-professional-caregiver-burden-is-associated-with-the-severity-of-patients-cognitive-impairment
#3
Christopher M Black, Craig W Ritchie, Rezaul K Khandker, Robert Wood, Eddie Jones, Xiaohan Hu, Baishali M Ambegaonkar
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To analyse the relationship between caregiver burden and severity of patients' cognitive impairment. DESIGN: Data were drawn from the cross-sectional 2015/2016 Adelphi Real World Dementia Disease-Specific Programme. SETTING: This research was multi-national and studied physicians and their consulting patients with cognitive impairment. PARTICIPANTS: 1,201 caregivers completed self-assessment forms...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517126/the-association-between-workplace-violence-and-physicians-and-nurses-job-satisfaction-in-macau
#4
Teris Cheung, Paul H Lee, Paul S F Yip
BACKGROUND: This paper describes the association between workplace violence and job satisfaction among physicians and nurses in Macau. Convenience sampling was sourced from six health centers under the Macau Health Bureau. METHODS: This study uses a cross-sectional self-administrative survey. The study used case studies research instruments for workplace violence in the health sector by country (from the ILO, ICN, WHO, PSI), the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire and Perceived Stress Scale...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509676/observational-study-evaluating-obstetric-anesthesiologist-residents-wellbeing-anxiety-and-stress-in-a-north-american-academic-program
#5
V Danhakl, A Miltiades, C Ing, B Chang, D Edmondson, R Landau, G Gallos
BACKGROUND: The obstetrics work environment has a unique set of stressors that may be associated with burnout. We investigated how wellbeing during the obstetric anesthesia (ObA) rotation compared to other rotations; which workplace environment characteristics precipitated the greatest stress; and whether anxiety and stress levels changed in trainees before and after an ObA rotation. METHODS: Using a survey, anesthesia residents (N=36) ranked their wellbeing on each anesthesia rotation and answered questions about work environment...
November 2, 2018: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30508681/sex-differences-in-network-controllability-as-a-predictor-of-executive-function-in-youth
#6
Eli J Cornblath, Evelyn Tang, Graham L Baum, Tyler M Moore, Azeez Adebimpe, David R Roalf, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur, Fabio Pasqualetti, Theodore D Satterthwaite, Danielle S Bassett
Executive function is a quintessential human capacity that emerges late in development and displays different developmental trends in males and females. Sex differences in executive function in youth have been linked to vulnerability to psychopathology as well as to behaviors that impinge on health, wellbeing, and longevity. Yet, the neurobiological basis of these differences is not well understood, in part due to the spatiotemporal complexity inherent in patterns of brain network maturation supporting executive function...
November 30, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30507295/transgender-identities-pressures-and-social-policy-a-study-carried-out-in-spain
#7
Noelia Fernández-Rouco, Rodrigo J Carcedo, Tray Yeadon-Lee
This article draws on a qualitative research project concerning the relationship between trans people's mental health and wellbeing, pressures, social policy, and heteronormative gender norms in Spain. Drawing on interviews carried out with trans people from all regions and generations, we use an ecological framework to illustrate how a socially entrenched heteronormativity pressures trans people to comply with gender norms that impact negatively their mental health and wellbeing. The article argues that the legal changes in Spain are not enough in themselves to bring about social change, but, rather, Spanish social policy makers also need to challenge gender categorization and work toward transforming public discourses on gender issues if trans people are to gain full social recognition and equal social rights...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30507288/what-should-be-in-hospital-doctors-continuing-professional-development
#8
Lorelei Jones, Fiona Moss
OBJECTIVE: To ask those most affected by continuing professional development for senior doctors - patients, other professional groups and doctors themselves - what it needs to encompass. DESIGN: The nominal group technique. PARTICIPANTS: Six groups of between seven and nine members (n = 49). Separate groups were held for nurses and therapists (n = 9), patient representatives (n = 8), medical directors (n = 8), consultants (n = 8) and medical trainees (n = 7)...
December 3, 2018: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30505628/a-social-media-based-examination-of-the-effects-of-counseling-recommendations-after-student-deaths-on-college-campuses
#9
Koustuv Saha, Ingmar Weber, Munmun De Choudhury
Student deaths on college campuses, whether brought about by a suicide or an uncontrollable incident, have serious repercussions for the mental wellbeing of students. Consequently, many campus administrators implement post-crisis intervention measures to promote student-centric mental health support. Information about these measures, which we refer to as " counseling recommendations ", are often shared via electronic channels, including social media. However, the current ability to assess the effects of these recommendations on post-crisis psychological states is limited...
June 2018: Proceedings of the ... International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30501119/healthy-design-and-urban-planning-strategies-actions-and-policy-to-achieve-salutogenic-cities
#10
Stefano Capolongo, Andrea Rebecchi, Marco Dettori, Letizia Appolloni, Antonio Azara, Maddalena Buffoli, Lorenzo Capasso, Alessandra Casuccio, Gea Oliveri Conti, Alessandro D'Amico, Margherita Ferrante, Umberto Moscato, Ilaria Oberti, Lorenzo Paglione, Vincenzo Restivo, Daniela D'Alessandro
Starting from a previous experience carried out by the working group "Building and Environmental Hygiene" of the Italian Society of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine (SItI), the aim of the present work is to define new strategic goals for achieving a "Healthy and Salutogenic City", which will be useful to designers, local governments and public bodies, policy makers, and all professionals working at local health agencies. Ten key points have been formulated: 1. climate change and management of adverse weather events; 2...
November 29, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30496193/morning-boost-on-individuals-psychophysiological-wellbeing-indicators-with-supportive-dynamic-lighting-in-windowless-open-plan-workplace-in-malaysia
#11
RatnaKala Sithravel, Rahinah Ibrahim, Munn Sann Lye, Enoch Kumar Perimal, Normala Ibrahim, Nur Dalilah Dahlan
Workplace architectural lighting conditions that are biologically dim during the day are causing healthy individuals to experience light-induced health and performance-related problems. Dynamic lighting was reported beneficial in supporting individuals' psychological behavior and physiological responses during work period in Europe. It has yet to be investigated in workplaces with minimal/no natural daylight contribution in tropical Malaysia. Hence, an exploratory experimental study was initiated in an experimental windowless open-plan workplace in Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30487560/promoting-and-implementing-the-mediterranean-diet-in-the-southern-hemisphere-the-chilean-experience
#12
REVIEW
Guadalupe Echeverría, Catalina Dussaillant, Emma E McGee, Catalina Mena, María Pía Nitsche, Inés Urquiaga, Marcela Bitran, Nuria Pedrals, Attilio Rigotti
Increasing scientific evidence shows that the Mediterranean lifestyle -including a characteristic dietary pattern as well as psychosocial and cultural features- has beneficial effects on human health. However, production and use of some of the distinctive components (e.g., olive oil, red wine, nuts, legumes, fish and seafood) of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) are not exclusively confined to the Mediterranean Basin, but are also found in other world regions, including California, Southwestern Australia, South Africa, and Chile...
November 28, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30486229/adequacy-of-data-sources-for-investigation-of-tertiary-education-student-s-wellbeing-in-australia-a-scoping-review
#13
REVIEW
Stephanie R Partridge, Eloise Howse, Gwynnyth Llewellyn, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
Young adulthood is a period of transition, which for many includes higher education. Higher education is associated with specific risks to wellbeing. Understanding the available data on wellbeing in this group may help inform the future collection of data to inform policy and practice in the sector. This scoping review aimed to identify the availability of data sources on the wellbeing of the Australian young adult population who are attending tertiary education. Using the methods of Arksey and O'Malley, data from three primary sources, i...
November 26, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30482822/field-notes-in-the-clinic-on-medicine-anthropology-and-pedagogy-in-south-africa
#14
Michelle Pentecost
This commentary is about medicine, anthropology and pedagogy: about the ways of knowing that different disciplinary orientations permit. I draw on a field note taken in the clinic to illustrate how cultures of healthcare and health sciences training in South Africa bracket the historical, social and political contexts of health and illness in this setting, at the expense of patient care and physician wellbeing. I consider what anthropological inquiry can offer to clinical practice, and advocate for critical orientations to clinical work and teaching that extend humanity to patients and providers...
December 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30479829/co-production-and-evaluation-of-an-e-learning-resource-to-improve-african-caribbean-families-knowledge-about-schizophrenia-and-engagement-with-services-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#15
Henna Lemetyinen, Juliana Onwumere, Richard James Drake, Kathryn Abel, Carol Haigh, Georgina Moulton, Dawn Edge
Background: A higher proportion of African-Caribbean people in the UK are diagnosed with schizophrenia spectrum disorders than other ethnic groups. High levels of shame and stigma at individual and community levels contribute to delayed access to care, potentially increasing the duration of untreated psychosis and so worsening outcomes. Inferior access, more coercive care, and worse outcomes have created a 'circle of fear' of mental health services within African-Caribbean communities...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30479657/the-long-term-effects-of-a-prevention-program-on-the-number-of-critical-incidents-and-sick-leave-days
#16
V Isaak, D Vashdi, O Steiner-Lavi
Background: This study explores the effectiveness of refresher training sessions of an intervention program at reducing the employees' risk of injury due to patient violence in forensic psychiatric hospital. Methods: The original safety intervention program that consisted of a 3 days' workshop was conducted in the maximum-security ward of a psychiatric hospital in Israel. Ever since the original intervention, annual refreshers were conducted highlighting one of the safety elements covered in the original intervention...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30477483/estimating-institutional-physician-turnover-attributable-to-self-reported-burnout-and-associated-financial-burden-a-case-study
#17
Maryam S Hamidi, Bryan Bohman, Christy Sandborg, Rebecca Smith-Coggins, Patty de Vries, Marisa S Albert, Mary Lou Murphy, Dana Welle, Mickey T Trockel
BACKGROUND: Awareness of the economic cost of physician attrition due to burnout in academic medical centers may help motivate organizational level efforts to improve physician wellbeing and reduce turnover. Our objectives are: 1) to use a recent longitudinal data as a case example to examine the associations between physician self-reported burnout, intent to leave (ITL) and actual turnover within two years, and 2) to estimate the cost of physician turnover attributable to burnout. METHODS: We used de-identified data from 472 physicians who completed a quality improvement survey conducted in 2013 at two Stanford University affiliated hospitals to assess physician wellness...
November 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30477199/the-impacts-of-the-high-quality-workplace-relationships-on-job-performance-a-perspective-on-staff-nurses-in-vietnam
#18
Khoa T Tran, Phuong V Nguyen, Thao T U Dang, Tran N B Ton
Employees' working relationships were long determined to be crucial to their overall wellbeing and performance ratings at work. However, a few studies were found to examine the effects of positive workplace relationships on employees' working manners. This study aimed to investigate the effects of healthy workplace relationships on employees' working behaviors, which in turn affect their performance. In doing so, an integrated model was developed to examine the primary performance drivers of nurses in Vietnamese hospitals and focus on the effects of high-quality workplace relationships on the working attitudes of the staff...
November 23, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30475783/work-related-determinants-of-psychosocial-risk-factors-among-employees-in-the-hospital-setting
#19
Hugo Coutinho, Cristina Queirós, Ana Henriques, Pedro Norton, Elisabete Alves
BACKGROUND: Understanding which factors influence occupational safety and health risks is crucial to promote psychosocial risk management. OBJECTIVE: To assess the main work-related determinants of high exposure to psychosocial risk factors among Portuguese employees in the hospital setting. METHODS: Between May and July 2014, 399 employees of a public hospital completed a structured questionnaire. Psychosocial factors were assessed by the Portuguese medium length version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire...
November 22, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30461417/a-client-oriented-scale-of-improvement-in-tinnitus-for-therapy-goal-planning-and-assessing-outcomes
#20
Grant D Searchfield
BACKGROUND: There is a need to develop methods to help clinicians work with clients to select and personalize tinnitus therapies. The use of validated measures to determine treatment success is also essential for research and clinical practice. A goal planning method widely used in audiologic rehabilitation is the client oriented scale of improvement (COSI). A modified version of the COSI has been used to identify tinnitus treatment goals and outcomes (client oriented scale of improvement in tinnitus [COSIT])...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
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