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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30341004/a-survey-of-burnout-and-intentions-to-leave-the-profession-among-western-canadian-midwives
#1
Kathrin Stoll, Jocelyn Gallagher
PROBLEM: Midwives are at high risk for burnout and occupational stress. This has implications for workforce retention and quality of maternity care. AIM: We set out to understand how burnout and occupational stress are experienced by midwives in Western Canada, and whether burnout is linked to intentions to leave the profession and other factors. METHODS: Midwives were invited to participate in the international WHELM (work, health, and emotional lives of midwives) survey through invitations via their professional organizations...
October 17, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30336635/challenges-and-potential-solutions-of-psychophysiological-state-monitoring-with-bioradar-technology
#2
Lesya Anishchenko
Psychophysiological state monitoring provides a promising way to detect stress and accurately assess wellbeing. The purpose of the present work was to investigate the advantages of utilizing a new unobtrusive multi-transceiver system on the accuracy of remote psychophysiological state monitoring by means of a bioradar technique. The technique was tested in laboratory conditions with the participation of 35 practically healthy volunteers, who were asked to perform arithmetic and physical workload tests imitating different types of stressors...
October 17, 2018: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30327350/mindset-and-its-relationship-to-anxiety-in-clinical-veterinary-students
#3
Rebecca Bostock, Tierney Kinnison, Stephen A May
This study investigated anxiety, one aspect of mental wellbeing, in fourth year veterinary students before the final clinical section of their course (intramural rotations (IMR)). It explored the relationship between reported anxiety and 'mindset': an individual's view on the ability to develop (eg, improve intelligence). Questionnaires were completed by 130 students. Students were mindset typed for ability and personality and rated their anxiety towards IMR. Students with different overall mindsets ('strong growth', 'growth' and 'fixed') were invited to participate in focus groups, to discuss causes of their anxieties...
October 16, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314581/do-workplace-based-mindfulness-meditation-programs-improve-physiological-indices-of-stress-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Rachael A Heckenberg, Pennie Eddy, Stephen Kent, Bradley J Wright
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) have been related with improved job satisfaction, wellbeing, health, and reduced workplace stress with employees. However, until now, synthesis of the evidence of the effect of MBIs on physiological indices associated with stress and ill-health has been lacking. Therefore the current systematic review aimed to synthesise the literature from employee samples to provide guidance for future investigations in terms of which physiological indicators and biological systems may be most impacted by MBIs...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314509/a-community-based-intervention-young-smiles-to-improve-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-children-and-young-people-of-parents-with-serious-mental-illness-randomised-feasibility-protocol
#5
Judith Gellatly, Penny Bee, Lina Gega, Peter Bower, Diane Hunter, Paul Stewart, Nicky Stanley, Rachel Calam, Kim Holt, Miranda Wolpert, Simon Douglas, Jonathan Green, Adekeye Kolade, Craig Callender, Kathryn M Abel
BACKGROUND: Children and young people of parents with mental illness (COPMI) are at risk of poor mental, physical and emotional health, which can persist into adulthood. They also experience poorer social outcomes and wellbeing as well as poorer quality of life than their peers with 'healthy' parents. The needs of COPMI are likely to be significant; however, their prevalence is unknown, although estimates suggest over 60% of adults with a serious mental illness have children. Many receive little or no support and remain 'hidden', stigmatised or do not regard themselves as 'in need'...
October 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30309278/interprofessional-conflict-and-conflict-management-in-an-educational-setting
#6
Michael Broukhim, Francis Yuen, Haley McDermott, Keri Miller, Leslie Merrill, Robin Kennedy, Michael Wilkes
BACKGROUND: Whenever health professionals work together as a team, conflict is inevitable - some would argue even necessary. However, conflict can have negative effects on patient care, job satisfaction, personal wellness, and professional productivity. PURPOSE: This study aims to describe interprofessional conflicts in a hospital setting from the perspective of three groups of health science students. METHODS: An online questionnaire survey collected data from 225 health science students (medicine, nursing, and social work) in Northern California (USA)...
October 11, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306964/characterising-routine-physical-activity-in-the-office
#7
Yasmin Van Kasteren, Lua Perimal-Lewis, Anthony Maeder
Workplace health is of concern to management and employees alike. Managers are concerned about the impact of health and wellbeing on productivity, while employees are concerned about impacts on quality of life. In the past two decades, there has been growing concern about the impact of sedentary behaviour at work. Before any interventions can be made to encourage physical activity at work proactively, it is desirable to understand the baseline characteristics of office based physical activity at work. Consumer wearable technology has provided a new and convenient mechanism for using personal monitoring to achieve remote observation of lifestyle related health behaviours...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299344/effects-of-induction-of-labor-prior-to-post-term-in-low-risk-pregnancies-a-systematic-review
#8
Eva Rydahl, Lena Eriksen, Mette Juhl
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to identify, assess and synthesize the best available evidence on the effects of induction prior to post-term on the mother and fetus. Maternal and fetal outcomes after routine labor induction in low-risk pregnancies at 41+0 to 41+6 gestational weeks (prior to post-term) were compared to routine labor induction at 42+0 to 42+6 gestational weeks (post-term). INTRODUCTION: Induction of labor when a pregnancy exceeds 14 days past the estimated due date has long been used as an intervention to prevent adverse fetal and maternal outcomes...
October 5, 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299042/optimal-settings-for-childbirth
#9
Nicoletta Setola, Laura Iannuzzi, Marco Santini, Grazia G Cocina, Eletta Naldi, Lucia Branchini, Sandra Morano, Ramon Escuriet Peiró, Soo Downe
BACKGROUND: Many studies highlight how health is influenced by the settings in which people live, work, and receive health care. In particular, the setting in which childbirth takes place is highly influential. The physiological processes of women's labour and birth are enhanced in optimal ('salutogenic', or health promoting) environments. Settings can also make a difference in the way maternity staff practice. This paper focuses on how positive examples of Italian birth places incorporate principles of healthy settings...
October 5, 2018: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289768/mental-health-and-wellbeing-during-the-transition-to-fatherhood-a-systematic-review-of-first-time-fathers-experiences
#10
Sharin Baldwin, Mary Malone, Jane Sandall, Debra Bick
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify and synthesize the best available evidence on first time fathers' experiences and needs in relation to their mental health and wellbeing during their transition to fatherhood. INTRODUCTION: Men's mental health and wellbeing during their transition to fatherhood is an important public health issue that is currently under-researched from a qualitative perspective and poorly understood. INCLUSION CRITERIA: Resident first time fathers (biological and non-biological) of healthy babies born with no identified terminal or long-term conditions were included...
October 4, 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30287214/association-between-pregnant-women-s-experience-of-stress-and-partners-fly-in-fly-out-work
#11
Dawson C Cooke, Garth Kendall, Jianghong Li, Michael Dockery
BACKGROUND: It is relatively common in Western Australia for men to commute long distances and work away from home for extended periods of time, often referred to as fly-in-fly-out work. Women are particularly susceptible to the effects of stress during pregnancy, and the absence of a partner due to working away could be an additional risk to their wellbeing. While there is little published fly-in-fly-out literature, there is evidence that working non-standard hours, more generally, has a negative impact on health and well-being of workers and their families...
October 1, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30285599/exploring-the-social-determinants-of-animal-health
#12
Claire Card, Tasha Epp, Michelle Lem
An understanding of the One Health and EcoHealth concepts by students is dependent on medical pedagogy and veterinary medical pedagogy having similarities that allow a common discourse. Medical pedagogy includes a focus on the social, political, and economic forces that affect human health, while this discourse is largely absent from veterinary medical pedagogy. There is, however, a gradient in health that human and animal populations experience. This health gradient in human populations, which runs from low to high according to the World Health Organization, is largely explained by "the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282662/mind-body-therapies-an-intervention-to-reduce-work-related-stress-in-veterinary-academia
#13
Elpida Artemiou, Gregory E Gilbert, Anne Callanan, Silvia Marchi, Don R Bergfelt
Studies investigating perceived stress and mindfulness awareness support mind-body therapy (MBT) effectiveness in reducing stress and anxiety and, thus, has potential to decrease work-related stress. A pre/postexperimental design involved 30 faculty and staff working at Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Saint Kitts and Nevis, who experienced a two-day MBT intervention programme. An additional 16 faculty and staff not involved in MBT who went about their daily work schedules served as contemporary controls...
October 3, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280621/everyday-managing-and-living-with-autoimmune-addison-s-disease-exploring-experiences-using-photovoice-methods
#14
Emelie Mälstam, Sophie Bensing, Eric Asaba
People with rare diseases are a minority group that faces risks for healthcare and work inequities because knowledge and resources on how to systematically support health or working life are limited. Integrating voices of persons living with rare diseases are an important aspect in inclusive and relevant healthcare practices. This study sought to actively involve persons with autoimmune Addison's disease (AAD), a rare condition, in exploring challenges and possibilities situated in everyday life. Photovoice methods were utilized to incorporate experiences through photographic documentation and group discussions with five persons over seven weeks...
October 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30277529/country-level-welfare-state-measures-and-change-in-wellbeing-following-work-exit-in-early-old-age-evidence-from-16-european-countries
#15
Sol Richardson, Ewan Carr, Gopalakrishnan Netuveli, Amanda Sacker
Background: Although the effects of individual-level factors on wellbeing change following work exit have been identified, the role of welfare-state variables at the country level has yet to be investigated. Methods: Data on 8037 respondents aged 50 years and over in 16 European countries were drawn from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). We employed multilevel models to assess determinants of change in wellbeing following work exit, using CASP-12 change scores...
October 1, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30274260/school-demands-and-coping-resources-associations-with-multiple-measures-of-stress-in-mid-adolescent-girls-and-boys
#16
Viveca Östberg, Stephanie Plenty, Sara B Låftman, Bitte Modin, Petra Lindfors
Stress, and stress-related health complaints, are common among young people, especially girls. Since studies have shown that school demands are an important driver of stress in adolescents, identifying if school-based resources can protect against stress is highly relevant. The aim of this study was to analyse task-related demands and task-related coping resources as aspects of the school work environment of potential relevance for stress in mid-adolescent girls and boys. The data came from "The School Stress and Support study" (TriSSS) conducted among students in grades 8 and 9 (aged 14⁻16 years)...
September 29, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264952/variation-in-caesarean-section-rates-in-cyprus-italy-and-iceland-an-analysis-of-the-role-of-the-media
#17
Eleni Hadjigeorgiou, Andria Spyridou, Andri Christoforou, Laura Iannuzzi, Silvia Giovinale, Matilde M Canepa, Sandra Morano, Sigridur S Jonsdottir, Sigfridur I Karlsdottir, Soo Downe
BACKGROUND: Cyprus has Europe's highest rate of births by Caesarean Section (CS). In 2015 56% of all babies were born by CS. This compares with 36% in Italy, and 16% in Iceland, which is among the lowest rates in Europe. There is some evidence that CS rates are partly driven by maternal request and media representation. PURPOSE: To explore the depiction of childbirth by CS in the media, and more specifically in newspapers, television, web and informational leaflets in Cyprus, Italy and Iceland...
September 26, 2018: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264598/profiling-guide-dog-handlers-to-support-guide-dog-matching-decisions
#18
Denny Meyer, Jahar Bhowmik, Fakir M Amirul Islam, Lil Deverell
PURPOSE: This Australian study piloted a new measure of Orientation and Mobility to better understand the functional mobility of guide dog handlers with low vision or blindness. It is expected that this measure can be used to better match guide dogs to their handlers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The new Orientation and Mobility Outcomes tool scores a client in Stable/Familiar and Dynamic/Unfamiliar conditions, also considering Travel-Related Wellbeing. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 51 guide dog handlers, during which travel skills were co-rated with an interviewer...
September 28, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30253688/psychosocial-job-demand-and-control-multi-site-musculoskeletal-pain-in-swedish-police
#19
Louise B Larsen, Nerrolyn Ramstrand, Eleonor I Fransson
AIMS: Police have a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders. While physical factors contributing to this have been explored, little is known regarding the contribution of the psychosocial work environment. This study explores the association between elements of the JDC model, social support and multi-site musculoskeletal pain among Swedish police. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, responses from 4185 police were collected using a self-administered online survey...
September 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30249295/patch-posture-and-mobility-training-for-care-staff-versus-usual-care-in-care-homes-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Liz Graham, Robert Cicero, David Clarke, Bonnie Cundill, Alison Ellwood, Amanda Farrin, Jill Fisher, Madeline Goodwin, Rebecca Hawkins, Karen Hull, Claire Hulme, Dominic Trépel, Rachel Williams, Anne Forster
BACKGROUND: Residents of care homes have high levels of disability and poor mobility, but the promotion of health and wellbeing within care homes is poorly realised. Residents spend the majority of their time sedentary which leads to increased dependency and, coupled with poor postural management, can have many adverse outcomes including pressure sores, pain and reduced social interaction. The intervention being tested in this project (the Skilful Care Training Package) aims to increase the awareness and skills of care staff in relation to poor posture in the older, less mobile adult and highlight the benefits of activity, and how to skilfully assist activity, in this group to enable mobility and reduce falls risk...
September 24, 2018: Trials
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