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Wellbeing AND work

David Hernando, Surya Roca, Jorge Sancho, Álvaro Alesanco, Raquel Bailón
Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis is a noninvasive tool widely used to assess autonomic nervous system state. The market for wearable devices that measure the heart rate has grown exponentially, as well as their potential use for healthcare and wellbeing applications. Still, there is a lack of validation of these devices. In particular, this work aims to validate the Apple Watch in terms of HRV derived from the RR interval series provided by the device, both in temporal (HRM (mean heart rate), SDNN, RMSSD and pNN50) and frequency (low and high frequency powers, LF and HF) domain...
August 10, 2018: Sensors
Cary A Brown, Lisa M Pashniak
BACKGROUND: Burnout, work engagement and work addiction are all considered components of psychological health in the workplace. Past research indicates that healthcare providers face significant challenges to their psychological wellbeing in the workplace. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the extent of these components in a sample of Canadian occupational therapists. METHODS: An anonymous electronic survey including standardized measures of burnout, work engagement and work addiction...
August 6, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Samantha Fuld
Research findings suggest that behavioral interventions are effective in improving educational outcomes and fostering skill development in people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, high rates of comorbidity between ASD and other psychological disorders, including depression and anxiety, indicate that standard behavioral approaches are not adequately addressing issues related to mental health in this population. Research emerging since the publication of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) is advancing our understanding of the nature of childhood stress and trauma in people with ASD and its subsequent impact on mental health and wellbeing...
2018: Clinical Social Work Journal
A Craig, D Rodrigues, Y Tran, R Guest, J Middleton
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent of daytime sleepiness in adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) and investigate the contribution of fatigue and autonomic function to sleepiness status. METHODS: Participants included 45 adults with SCI attending outpatient services or living in the community and 44 able-bodied controls. The Oxford Sleep Resistance Test (OSLER) was used to assess daytime sleepiness, while eye blink rate duration (electrooculography) and the Iowa Fatigue Scale assessed fatigue...
September 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Tamás Röszer
Macrophages reside in specific territories in organs, where they contribute to the development, homeostasis, and repair of tissues. Recent work has shown that the size of tissue macrophage populations has an impact on tissue functions and is determined by the balance between replenishment and elimination. Macrophage replenishment is mainly due to self-renewal of macrophages, with a secondary contribution from blood monocytes. Self-renewal is a recently discovered trait of macrophages, which can have a major impact on their physiological functions and hence on the wellbeing of the organism...
August 9, 2018: Cells
Šemsa Šabanović, Selvira Draganović
INTRODUCTION: Mental health services after the war 1992-1995 in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B-H) are primarily reduced to the public care, though, there are not enough professionals in existing conditions, and they are not able to respond to cover all the cases. This leaves the room to non governmental organizations (NGO) and private mental health care professionals in providing psycho-social services to vulnerable populations. Islamic Relief World Wide (IRWW), United Kingdom (UK) based humanitarian organisation, whose personal working within Orphans department, took part in this mission to contribute B-H citizens wellbeing...
July 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Gary Bratchford, Gina Giotaki, Liz Wewiora
This paper describes a 9-month project commissioned by Halton Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) and Liverpool photography organisation, Open Eye Gallery. Socially engaged photographers worked with local residents from the Windmill Hill estate in Runcorn to describe healthy and unhealthy aspects of the area. Six women were trained to use cameras to document everyday things that mattered to them. Through focus groups they discussed what these photographs revealed about the health and ill-health of the area. The resulting exhibition, As and When, told their story...
2018: London Journal of Primary Care
Bill Cheuk Long Chan, Michelle Luciano, Billy Lee
Subjective wellbeing (SWB) has been widely accepted as one of the most important elements of successful ageing. The present study explores the impact of two well-established correlates of SWB: physical activity and personality. Physical activity and each of the Big Five personality traits are consistent predictors of SWB, but there has been little research on whether certain personality traits enhance or hinder the psychological benefits of physical activity in older adults. This study examines the interactions of leisure-time physical activity and personality traits on SWB, and whether such interactions vary between older adults in Hong Kong (HK) and older adults in the United Kingdom (UK)...
August 6, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
Nicholas J Hulbert-Williams, Lisa Beatty, Haryana M Dhillon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Psychological distress and mental health comorbidity are common in cancer. Various therapeutic frameworks have been used for interventions to improve psychological wellbeing and quality of life in cancer patients with mixed results. This article reviews contributions to that literature published since January 2017. RECENT FINDINGS: The majority of new psychological intervention research in cancer has used cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) or mindfulness-based interventions...
September 2018: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
Ross G White
There is growing recognition that "human development" frameworks, such as the Capabilities Approach (CA) with its emphasis on the promotion of justice, offer promise for guiding efforts aimed at enhancing mental wellbeing. This article explores challenges that might arise when there is a need to arbitrate among the competing demands of different parties in their efforts to enhance capabilities. Particular tensions can arise when the efforts of particular individuals to enhance their capabilities exert pressure on scarce resources, or threaten the safety and security of people living in precarious environmental contexts...
August 3, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Shira Leiterdorf-Shkedy, Tali Gal
For over three decades, therapeutic jurisprudence (TJ) has produced rich scholarship highlighting the inseparable connection between law and personal wellbeing. Only recently, however, have TJ scholars begun to explore the influence that the law has on those practicing it. The current research aims to contribute to this developing area of study. It explores the "emotional map" of public prosecutors in relation to defendants and crime victims, their awareness to these emotions and the impact that these emotions have on their professional decisions...
July 30, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Orii McDermott, Hanne Mette Ridder, Felicity Anne Baker, Thomas Wosch, Kendra Ray, Brynjulf Stige
Public interest in the benefits of music for people with dementia has rapidly increased in recent years. In addition to clinical work with clients, music therapists are often required to support and train staff, families, and volunteers and skill-share some music therapeutic skills. Six music therapy researchers from six countries agreed it was timely to organize a roundtable and share their indirect music therapy practice and examples of skill-sharing in dementia care. This article was developed following the roundtable at the World Congress of Music Therapy in 2017 and further discussion among the authors...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
E C A Mertens, M Deković, M van Londen, E Reitz
BACKGROUND: Students following a low education track have an increased risk for developing problem behaviors. Rock and Water is a widespread, but still poorly evaluated, intervention that aims to improve students' socio-emotional adjustment and social safety. The aims of this study are to evaluate (1) the effectiveness of Rock and Water on socio-emotional adjustment (i.e., psychosocial wellbeing, sexual autonomy, and resilience) and social safety (i.e., perceived social security in the classroom, aggression, and bullying) and to examine (2) moderators and (3) mediators of its effects...
July 25, 2018: BMC Psychology
Jesper Pihl-Thingvad, Casper Wichmann Jacobsen, Lars P A Brandt, Lars L Andersen, Ask Elklit, Delphine Courvoisier
BACKGROUND: Coping with regret has a substantial impact on wellbeing and mental health, but has rarely been investigated in an occupational setting. OBJECTIVE: To translate the Regret Coping Scale for Health-Care Professionals (RCS-HCP) and explore internal consistency, construct-, criterion- and predictive validity. METHODS: The instrument was translated using forward- back method. The qualities were evaluated with a sample of 2758 social educators using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis as well as Cronbach's alpha, Pearson correlation, and multivariable regression...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
A Colver, H McConachie, A Le Couteur, G Dovey-Pearce, K D Mann, J E McDonagh, M S Pearce, L Vale, H Merrick, J R Parr
BACKGROUND: Most evidence about what works in transitional care comes from small studies in single clinical specialties. We tested the hypothesis that exposures to nine recommended features of transitional healthcare were associated with better outcomes for young people with long-term conditions during transition from child-centred to adult-oriented health services. METHODS: This is a longitudinal, observational cohort study in UK secondary care including 374 young people, aged 14-18...
July 23, 2018: BMC Medicine
Hima B John, Rima Mary Philip, Sridhar Santhanam, Sanjeev M Padankatti, Tunny Sebastian, Indira Balan, Earnest Rajapandian
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of mothers in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) experience psychological distress, which is associated with adverse infant and parenting outcomes. Interventions addressing maternal anxiety in the NICU are scarce. AIMS: To assess the effect of activity based group therapy on maternal anxiety in the NICU when compared to a control group. STUDY DESIGN: The study was a prospective phase lag cohort study. In Phase 1 the control group was recruited and assessed using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S) once at recruitment and again 4 weeks later...
July 19, 2018: Early Human Development
Mary Turner, Marian Peacock, Sheila Payne, Andrew Fletcher, Katherine Froggatt
Prison populations across the world are increasing. In the United Kingdom, numbers have doubled in the last two decades, and older prisoners now constitute the fastest growing section of the prison population. One key reason for this shifting prisoner demographic is the growing numbers of men convicted of 'historic' sexual offences, many of whom are imprisoned for the first time in old age, and housed in prisons not suited to their needs. These demographic changes have profound consequences, including increased demand for health and social care in prison, and rising numbers of anticipated deaths in custody...
September 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Sarah C White, Shreya Jha
What are the prospects for a cross-cultural, interdisciplinary and methodologically plural approach to wellbeing? This question is addressed using Self-Determination Theory (SDT), a psychological theory based on quantitative empirical methods, to structure qualitative analysis of wellbeing in life history interviews in Chiawa, rural Zambia. Enquiry goes beyond simply reading across methods, disciplines and contexts, to consider fundamental differences in constructions of the human subject, and how these relate to understandings of wellbeing...
September 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Chiedozie G Ike, Nancy Anderson
Teaching bioethics with visual education tools, such as movies and comics, is a unique way of explaining the history and progress of human research and the art and science of medicine to high school students. For more than a decade, bioethical concepts have appeared in movies, and these films are useful for teaching medical and research ethics in high schools. Using visual tools to teach bioethics can have both interpretational and transformational effects on learners that will enhance their overall understanding of complex moral and legal issues in medicine and research...
July 20, 2018: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
Michele Maiers, Mustafa Agaoglu, Richard Brown, Christopher Cassirer, Kendrah DaSilva, Reidar P Lystad, Sarkaw Mohammad, Jessica J Wong
The World Federation of Chiropractic supports the involvement of chiropractors in public health initiatives, particularly as it relates to musculoskeletal health. Three topics within public health have been identified that call for a renewed professional focus. These include healthy ageing; opioid misuse; and women's, children's, and adolescents' health. The World Federation of Chiropractic aims to enable chiropractors to proactively participate in health promotion and prevention activities in these areas, through information dissemination and coordinated partnerships...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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