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Us Guided Nerve Block

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104830/comparison-of-dermatomal-sensory-block-following-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-by-the-lateral-and-posterior-approaches-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Tomonori Furuya, Jitsu Kato, Yusuke Yamamoto, Noriya Hirose, Takahiro Suzuki
Background and Aims: Ultrasound (US)-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is used as a part of a multimodal analgesic regimen in the postoperative period. Lateral approach TAP block (LTAP) has been widely used for postoperative analgesia after lower abdominal surgeries. Posterior approach TAP block (PTAP), which is achieved by more posterior blockade of the anterior ramus of the spinal nerve, also provides profound postoperative analgesia after transverse lower abdominal incision...
April 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30033043/usefulness-of-diaphragmatic-ultrasound-in-the-early-diagnosis-of-phrenic-nerve-palsy-after-shoulder-surgery-in-the-prevention-of-post-operative-respiratory-complications
#2
P Kot Baixauli, P Rodriguez Gimillo, J Baldo Gosalvez, J de Andrés Ibáñez
Phrenic nerve block is a complication that can occur after brachial plexus anaesthesia above the clavicle. The main consequence of this blockage is ipsolateral diaphragmatic paralysis, which can sometimes lead to the appearance of post-operative respiratory complications. A case is presented on a woman, who after having undergone a total shoulder prosthesis, presented with dyspnoea in the post-operative recovery unit. A diaphragmatic ultrasound was performed that enabled a rapid diagnosis to be made of a complete paralysis of the ipsolateral hemi-diaphragm...
July 19, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931665/risk-factors-for-the-development-of-horner-s-syndrome-following-interscalene-brachial-plexus-block-using-ropivacaine-for-shoulder-arthroscopy-a-randomised-trial
#3
Michał Stasiowski, Marek Zuber, Radosław Marciniak, Michał Kolny, Ewa Chabierska, Przemysław Jałowiecki, Aleksandra Pluta, Anna Missir
BACKGROUND: Horner's syndrome is comprised of a set of symptoms caused by a permanent or transient ipsilateral sympathetic trunk lesion or paralysis. It may occur after numerous pathologies in the cervical region, epidural, spinal anaesthesia, and interscalene, transscalene, supraclavicular, or infraclavicular brachial plexus block. The aim of this randomised, prospective clinical study was to evaluate the effect of the interscalene brachial plexus block (IBPB) technique on the occurrence rate of Horner's syndrome and identify contributing risk factors...
June 22, 2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750695/proximal-versus-distal-continuous-adductor-canal-blocks-does-varying-perineural-catheter-location-influence-analgesia-a-randomized-subject-masked-controlled-clinical-trial
#4
Jacklynn F Sztain, Bahareh Khatibi, Amanda M Monahan, Engy T Said, Wendy B Abramson, Rodney A Gabriel, John J Finneran, Richard H Bellars, Patrick L Nguyen, Scott T Ball, Francis B Gonzales, Sonya S Ahmed, Michael C Donohue, Jennifer A Padwal, Brian M Ilfeld
BACKGROUND: A continuous adductor canal block provides analgesia after surgical procedures of the knee. Recent neuroanatomic descriptions of the thigh and knee led us to speculate that local anesthetic deposited in the distal thigh close to the adductor hiatus would provide superior analgesia compared to a more proximal catheter location. We therefore tested the hypothesis that during a continuous adductor canal nerve block, postoperative analgesia would be improved by placing the perineural catheter tip 2-3 cm cephalad to where the femoral artery descends posteriorly to the adductor hiatus (distal location) compared to a more proximal location at the midpoint between the anterior superior iliac spine and the superior border of the patella (proximal location)...
July 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732608/ultrasound-guided-proximal-suprascapular-nerve-block-a-cadaveric-study
#5
Pierre Laumonerie, Fabrice Ferré, Jérémy Cances, E Meagan Tibbo, Mathieu Roumiguié, Pierre Mansat, Vincent Minville
INTRODUCTION: Difficulty in identifying the susprascapular nerve (SSN) limits the success of US-guided regional anesthetic injections. A proximal SSN block could be an effective and reliable approach. The primary objective was to validate the feasibility of the US-guided proximal SSN block. The secondary objective was to quantify the spread of the colored local anesthetic to the phrenic nerve (PN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen brachial plexuses from seven cadavers were included...
May 7, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652687/ultrasound-guided-transversalis-fascia-plane-block-an-alternative-approach-for-anesthesia-in-inguinal-herniorrhaphy-a-case-report
#6
Paolo Scimia, Erika Basso Ricci, Emiliano Petrucci, Astrid Ursula Behr, Franco Marinangeli, Pierfrancesco Fusco
Ultrasound (US)-guided transversalis fascia plane block (TFPB) was first described by Hebbard as a technique for blockade of T12-L1 nerves. Although this technique appears similar to the quadratus lumborum 1 block, the point of injection is more caudal and anterior, specifically targeting ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerves. There are only few published data on US-guided TFPB demonstrating effective postoperative analgesia in iliac crest bone graft harvesting. We report the use of US-guided TFPB in a patient undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy...
April 15, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630033/a-randomized-comparison-between-interscalene-and-small-volume-supraclavicular-blocks-for-arthroscopic-shoulder-surgery
#7
Julián Aliste, Daniela Bravo, Diego Fernández, Sebastián Layera, Roderick J Finlayson, De Q Tran
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This randomized trial compared ultrasound (US)-guided interscalene block (ISB) and small-volume supraclavicular block (SCB) for arthroscopic shoulder surgery. We hypothesized that SCB would provide equivalent analgesia to ISB 30 minutes after surgery without the risk of hemidiaphragmatic paralysis (HDP). METHODS: All patients received an US-guided intermediate cervical plexus block. In the ISB group, US-guided ISB was performed with 20 mL of levobupivacaine 0...
August 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574861/updated-retrospective-single-center-comparative-analysis-of-peripheral-nerve-block-complications-using-landmark-peripheral-nerve-stimulation-versus-ultrasound-guidance-as-a-primary-means-of-nerve-localization
#8
Vladyslav Melnyk, James W Ibinson, Michael L Kentor, Steven L Orebaugh
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to perform an updated analysis of complications associated with upper and lower extremity peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) performed with ultrasound (US) guidance versus the landmark approach. METHODS: We conducted a single-center retrospective cohort analysis to compare the incidence of PNB complications between the techniques. The primary outcome was local anesthetic systemic toxicity (LAST), whereas the secondary outcomes included short- and long-term nerve injuries...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416236/dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjunctive-analgesic-to-ropivacaine-in-pectoral-nerve-block-in-oncological-breast-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-prospective-study
#9
Haramritpal Kaur, Poonam Arora, Gurpreet Singh, Amandeep Singh, Shobha Aggarwal, Mukesh Kumar
Background and Aims: Pectoral nerve block (Pecs) using local anesthetic (LA) agent is a newer analgesic technique for breast surgeries. This study further evaluates the effect of addition of dexmedetomidine to LA agent on total duration of analgesia and postoperative morphine consumption. Material and Methods: A total of 60 American Society of Anesthesiologist Grade I and II female patients with age ≥18 years, scheduled for oncological breast surgery, were enrolled in the study...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415860/development-of-an-ultrasound-guided-technique-for-retrobulbar-nerve-block-in-dromedary-camels-a-cadaveric-study
#10
Adel M Badawy, Eman A Eshra
OBJECTIVE: Description of an ultrasound (US)-guided technique for retrobulbar nerve blockade in dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) cadavers. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental cadaveric study that was carried out in three phases: phase I: anatomical dissection and development of US-guided technique; phase II: methylene blue (MB) injection; phase III: contrast medium (CM), US-guided injections with computed tomography (CT) control. ANIMALS: A total of 36 orbits from 18 heads were obtained from 18 dromedary cadavers...
March 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398529/a-sonographic-investigation-for-the-development-of-ultrasound-guided-paravertebral-brachial-plexus-block-in-dogs-cadaveric-study
#11
Paolo Monticelli, Ella Fitzgerald, Jaime Viscasillas
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel in-plane ultrasound (US)-guided approach to the sixth (C6), seventh (C7), eighth (C8) cervical and to the first thoracic (T1) spinal nerves. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, descriptive, experimental anatomic study. ANIMALS: A total of seven canine Beagle cadavers. METHODS: Phase 1: One cadaver was used to define bony landmarks for the C6-T1 spinal nerves using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging...
March 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357327/characteristics-of-the-middle-cervical-sympathetic-ganglion-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Chan Park, Chong Hyun Suh, Ji Eun Shin, Jung Hwan Baek
BACKGROUND: Understanding the characteristics of the middle cervical sympathetic ganglion (MCSG) may minimize procedure-related complications and maximize efficacy during surgery or ultrasound (US)-guided procedures. The location and detection rate of the MCSG were variable in small population studies. Therefore, a large population study or meta-analysis could give more information about the MCSG. OBJECTIVES: We aim to review the published literature and evaluate the anatomical features of the MCSG, including the detection rate, location, size, and a normal variation, and to review the clinical relevance of MCSG for procedures including, US-guided ganglion block, ethanol ablation (EA), or radiofrequency ablation (RFA)...
January 2018: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306376/sonography-guided-lumbar-nerve-and-facet-blocks-the-first-report-of-clinical-outcome-from-iran
#13
H Sadeghian, R Motiei-Langroudi
INTRODUCTION: Nerve root block (NRB) and facet block (FB) are viable options for pain arising from facet and lumbar disc herniation (LDH) not responding to conservative therapy but still not suitable for surgery. Classically, they are performed under fluoroscopy and computed tomography (CT) guidance, which have the disadvantages of radiation exposure and limited accessibility. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of US guided FB and NRB in patients suffering from facet arthropathy and LDH...
February 2018: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205431/anatomic-delineation-of-tarsal-tunnel-innervation-via-ultrasonography
#14
Alvaro Iborra, Manuel Villanueva, Stephen L Barrett, Edgardo Rodriguez-Collazo, Pablo Sanz
OBJECTIVES: High-resolution ultrasonography (US) can play an important role in studying nerves, as it has several advantages. Entrapments of distal tibial nerve branches can be mapped out or diagnosed with selective anesthetic blocks, and US can guide therapeutic procedures, such as radiofrequency ablation and selective infiltrations of specific nerve branches. The aim of this study was to verify that US is an effective method for accurately locating the posterior tibial nerve and its terminal branches, such as the medial calcaneal branch, the first calcaneal branch, and the medial and lateral plantar nerves...
June 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148009/preoperative-ultrasound-for-runoff-venous-decompression-of-peripheral-nerves-for-arteriovenous-access-related-pain-in-the-upper-limb
#15
Hiroaki Matsuda, Yoshinari Oka, Ryuichi Yoshida, Yuki Katsura, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yasuo Fujimoto, Shigeko Takatsu, Masashi Miyazaki
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous access (AVA)-related pain treated successfully with runoff-venous decompression of the causative nerve, following ultrasound (US)-assisted preoperative evaluation, has never been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57-year-old man suffering from constant exhausting pains along the outflow cephalic vein of the radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula at the wrist and the antecubital fossa, was treated surgically after the diagnosis of AVA-related pain derived from cephalic vein compression on two peripheral cutaneous nerves, the superficial radial nerve (SRN) and the lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve (LACN)...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123624/state-of-education-regarding-ultrasound-guided-interventions-during-pain-fellowships-in-korea-a-survey-of-recent-fellows
#16
Hyung Tae Kim, Sae Young Kim, Gyung Jo Byun, Byung Chul Shin, Jin Young Lee, Eun Joo Choi, Jong Bum Choi, Ji Hee Hong, Seung Won Choi, Yeon Dong Kim
Background: Recently, the use of ultrasound (US) techniques in regional anesthesia and pain medicine has increased significantly. However, the current extent of training in the use of US-guided pain management procedures in Korea remains unknown. The purpose of the present study was to assess the current state of US training provided during Korean Pain Society (KPS) pain fellowship programs through the comparative analysis between training hospitals. Methods: We conducted an anonymous survey of 51 pain physicians who had completed KPS fellowships in 2017...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095712/ultrasound-guided-transversalis-fascia-plane-block-an-alternative-approach-for-anesthesia-in-inguinal-herniorrhaphy-a-case-report
#17
Paolo Scimia, Erika Basso Ricci, Emiliano Petrucci, Astrid Ursula Behr, Franco Marinangeli, Pierfrancesco Fusco
Ultrasound (US)-guided transversalis fascia plane block (TFPB) was first described by Hebbard as a technique for blockade of T12-L1 nerves. Although this technique appears similar to the quadratus lumborum 1 block, the point of injection is more caudal and anterior, specifically targeting ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerves. There are only few published data on US-guided TFPB demonstrating effective postoperative analgesia in iliac crest bone graft harvesting. We report the use of US-guided TFPB in a patient undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy...
November 1, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074363/ultrasound-guided-femoral-and-obturator-nerves-block-in-the-psoas-compartment-in-dogs-anatomical-and-randomized-clinical-study
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hamaseh Tayari, Giulio Tazioli, Gloria Breghi, Angela Briganti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate intraoperative and postoperative efficacy of ultrasound (US)-guided femoral (FN) and obturator (ON) nerves block, in the iliopsoas muscle compartment (IPM), using an in-plane technique. STUDY DESIGN: Anatomical research and randomized, prospective, 'blinded' clinical study. ANIMALS: Six dog cadavers and 20 client-owned dogs undergoing tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) surgery. METHODS: In phase 1, anatomical dissections and US imaging of the IPM were performed to design an US-guided nerve block involving the FN and ON simultaneously...
September 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027690/ultrasound-guided-posterior-femoral-cutaneous-nerve-block-a-cadaveric-study
#19
Christopher S Johnson, Rebecca L Johnson, Adam D Niesen, David E Stoike, Wojciech Pawlina
OBJECTIVES: To identify any anatomic barriers to local anesthetic spread between the sciatic nerve (SN) and the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve (PFCN) at the level of the infragluteal crease and to describe a potential technique for an ultrasound (US)-guided subgluteal PFCN block in a cadaveric model. METHODS: Bilateral US-guided subgluteal injections of a colored latex solution were performed around the SN (15 mL) and PFCN (10 mL) in 4 unembalmed cadavers, for a total of 8 cadaver thighs...
April 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974360/ultrasound-guided-femoral-nerve-block-using-a-ventral-suprainguinal-approach-in-healthy-dogs
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sachie Shimada, Miki Shimizu, Miori Kishimoto
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an ultrasound (US)-guided femoral nerve block using a ventral suprainguinal approach could be successfully achieved in sedated dogs; to measure the time to execute the nerve block, onset time, duration, and complete block rate in sensory and motor nerves; and to examine any differences between two volumes for injection. STUDY DESIGN: Blinded crossover experimental study. ANIMALS: A total of 10 clinically healthy adult Beagle dogs...
September 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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