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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545833/cognitive-stimulation-therapy-for-dementia-pilot-studies-of-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-cultural-adaptation-for-india
#1
Shruti Raghuraman, Monisha Lakshminarayanan, Sridhar Vaitheswaran, Thara Rangaswamy
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to culturally adapt, translate, and test the feasibility and acceptability of delivering cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) for persons with mild to moderate dementia in Chennai, India. METHODS: The adaptation followed a five-stage process in accordance with the formative method for adapting psychotherapy. Focus-group discussions with experts and feedback from participants, carers, and facilitators after two consecutive pilot studies provided the basis for adaptation...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544309/increased-complications-of-chronic-erythrocytapheresis-compared-with-manual-exchange-transfusions-in-children-and-adolescents-with-sickle-cell-disease
#2
Deborah Woods, Robert J Hayashi, Michael M Binkley, Gianna W Sparks, Monica L Hulbert
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with sickle cell disease (SCD) are at high risk of strokes and are frequently treated with red blood cell (RBC) transfusions. The goal is to suppress hemoglobin (Hb) S while minimizing transfusion-induced iron overload. RBCs may be given via simple transfusion, manual exchange transfusion (MET), or erythrocytapheresis (aRBCX). Chronic transfusion practices vary among institutions. METHODS: This single-institution, retrospective cohort study compares Hb S control and therapy complication rates between MET and aRBCX in a cohort of children and adolescents with SCD and stroke during a 5-year period from 2008 through 2012...
May 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541091/psychodynamic-therapy-as-efficacious-as-other-empirically-supported-treatments-a-meta-analysis-testing-equivalence-of-outcomes
#3
Christiane Steinert, Thomas Munder, Sven Rabung, Jürgen Hoyer, Falk Leichsenring
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and psychodynamic therapy are most frequently applied to treat mental disorders. However, whether psychodynamic therapy is as efficacious as other empirically supported treatments is not yet clear. Thus, for the first time the equivalence of psychodynamic therapy to treatments established in efficacy was formally tested. The authors controlled for researcher allegiance effects by including representatives of psychodynamic therapy and CBT, the main rival psychotherapeutic treatments (adversarial collaboration)...
May 25, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538831/effects-of-laryngeal-manual-therapy-lmt-and-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-in-vocal-folds-diadochokinesis-of-dysphonic-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Larissa Thaís Donalonso Siqueira, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto, Rinaldo Roberto de Jesus Guirro, Christiano Giácomo Carneiro, Mara Behlau
Purpose: To verify and compare the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and laryngeal manual therapy (LMT) on laryngeal diadochokinesis (DDK) of dysphonic women. Methods: Twenty women with bilateral vocal nodules participated and were equally divided into: LMT Group - LMT application; TENS Group - TENS application; both groups received 12 sessions of treatment, twice a week, with a duration of 20 minutes each, applied by the same therapist...
May 15, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537947/avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-a-new-eating-disorder-diagnosis-in-the-diagnostic-and-statistical-manual-5
#5
Kathleen A Mammel, Rollyn M Ornstein
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a new eating disorder diagnosis in the 5th edition of the diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM-5), published in 2013. The purpose of this review is to describe the creation of ARFID as a diagnostic category, and to explain the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria; to demonstrate what is known thus far about the prevalence of ARFID and characteristics of patients with this disorder; to provide guidance to the pediatrician and other providers on making a diagnosis of ARFID; and to discuss evolving treatment approaches...
May 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535897/treatment-of-latent-tuberculosis-in-patients-with-juvenile-rheumatic-diseases-a-systematic-review
#6
José Cleosmaque Leite Júnior, Regina Terse Trindade Ramos, Teresa Cristina Martins Vicente Robazzi
INTRODUCTION: Children and adolescents with rheumatic diseases receiving TNF blockers are at risk for the activation of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (LTBI). Although LTBI treatment is indicated in this group, there are different therapeutic regimens in the literature, without a definite consensus. OBJECTIVES: To review in the literature therapeutic schemes used and indicated for the treatment of LTBI in these patients. METHODS: Systematic review of the literature, using health databases, selecting studies that addressed the treatment of LTBI in patients with juvenile rheumatic diseases using TNF blockers, from 1990 to 2015...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535547/the-effectiveness-of-manual-therapy-for-relieving-pain-stiffness-and-dysfunction-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Qinguang Xu, Bei Chen, Yueyi Wang, Xuezong Wang, Dapeng Han, Daofang Ding, Yuxin Zheng, Yuelong Cao, Hongsheng Zhan, Yao Zhou
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is the most common form of arthritis, leading to pain disability in seniors and increased health care utilization. Manual therapy is one widely used physical treatment for KOA. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and adverse events (AEs) of manual therapy compared to other treatments for relieving pain, stiffness, and physical dysfunction in patients with KOA. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis of manual therapy for KOA...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533703/differential-expression-of-vegfr2-protein-in-her2-positive-primary-human-breast-cancer-potential-relevance-to-anti-angiogenic-therapies
#8
Aejaz Nasir, Timothy R Holzer, Mia Chen, Michael Z Man, Andrew E Schade
BACKGROUND: Clinically relevant predictive biomarkers to tailor anti-angiogenic therapies to breast cancer (BRC) patient subpopulations are an unmet need. METHODS: We analyzed tumor vascular density and VEGFR2 protein expression in various subsets of primary human BRCs (186 females; Mean age: 59 years; range 33-88 years), using a tissue microarray. Discrete VEGFR2+ and CD34+ tumor vessels were manually scored in invasive ductal, lobular, mixed ductal-lobular and colloid (N = 139, 22, 18, 7) BRC cores...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533634/estimation-of-whole-body-radiation-exposure-to-nuclear-medicine-personnel-during-synthesis-of-177-lutetium-labeled-radiopharmaceuticals
#9
Geetanjali Arora, Rajesh Mishra, Praveen Kumar, Madhav Yadav, Sanjana Ballal, Chandrasekhar Bal, Nishikant Avinash Damle
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: With rapid development in the field of nuclear medicine therapy, radiation safety of the personnel involved in synthesis of radiopharmaceuticals has become imperative. Few studies have been done on estimating the radiation exposure of personnel involved in the radio labeling of (177)Lu-compounds in western countries. However, data from the Indian subcontinent are limited. We have estimated whole body radiation exposure to the radiopharmacist involved in the labeling of: (177)Lu-DOTATATE, (177)Lu-PSMA-617, and (177)Lu-EDTMP...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533604/a-quasi-experimental-study-on-the-effects-of-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-on-mechanosensitive-neurons
#10
Weiqing Ge, Emily Roth, Alyssa Sansone
[Purpose] Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization (IASTM) is a form of manual therapy. Despite its growing popularity and an increasing number of patients receiving IASTM each year, there is a lack of high-level evidence to elucidate its therapeutic mechanisms and to support its clinical applications. The purpose of this research project was to determine the effects of IASTM on activities of mechanosensitive neurons in skin. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-three subjects, 9 females and 14 males, mean age 25...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533075/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-and-laryngeal-manual-therapy-lmt-immediate-effects-in-women-with-dysphonia
#11
Mariana de Cásisa Macedo Conde, Larissa Thaís Donalonso Siqueira, José Eduardo Vendramini, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto, Rinaldo Roberto de Jesus Guirro, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio
PURPOSE: This study aimed to verify the immediate effect of low-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and laryngeal manual therapy (LMT) in musculoskeletal pain, voice quality, and self-reported signs in women with dysphonia. METHOD: Thirty women with behavioral dysphonia were randomly divided into the TENS group and the LMT group. All participants fulfilled the pain survey and had their voices recorded to posterior perceptual and acoustic analysis before and after intervention...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533050/dual-core-steered-non-rigid-registration-for-multi-modal-images-via-bi-directional-image-synthesis
#12
Xiaohuan Cao, Jianhua Yang, Yaozong Gao, Yanrong Guo, Guorong Wu, Dinggang Shen
In prostate cancer radiotherapy, computed tomography (CT) is widely used for dose planning purposes. However, because CT has low soft tissue contrast, it makes manual contouring difficult for major pelvic organs. In contrast, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides high soft tissue contrast, which makes it ideal for accurate manual contouring. Therefore, the contouring accuracy on CT can be significantly improved if the contours in MRI can be mapped to CT domain by registering MRI with CT of the same subject, which would eventually lead to high treatment efficacy...
May 13, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532890/fascial-manipulation-%C3%A2-for-persistent-knee-pain-following-acl-and-meniscus-repair
#13
Sannasi Rajasekar, Aurélie Marie Marchand
Fascial Manipulation(®) (FM) is a manual therapy approach for the treatment of musculoskeletal pain. Anomalous fascial tension is common following surgery due to surgical scar, inadequate mobility and fear of movement. Fascial tension may result in pain and loss of mobility. This case report aims at investigating the effectiveness of FM(®) on pain and function in a patient following knee surgery. A 32 years old male patient, with persisting knee pain following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (hamstring graft) and meniscal repair, underwent the systematic FM(®) assessment process, the selected centers of coordination of myofascial units were treated...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532883/a-critical-overview-of-the-current-myofascial-pain-literature-march-2017
#14
REVIEW
Jan Dommerholt, Rob Grieve, Todd Hooks, Michelle Finnegan
After two years of having contributed to this overview series of articles, we sadly say goodbye to Dr. Rob Grieve. We would like to thank Dr. Grieve for his insightful contributions and analyses of the myofascial pain literature. Dr. Grieve would have preferred to continue, but his many university and research responsibilities had to take priority. We are looking forward to reviewing his future research endeavors in this article. We are pleased that Dr. Li-Wei Chou, MD, PhD has agreed to replace Dr. Grieve and join our team...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532877/task-based-mirror-therapy-enhances-ipsilesional-motor-functions-in-stroke-a-pilot-study
#15
Kamal Narayan Arya, Shanta Pandian, Dharmendra Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of Mirror therapy (MT) on dexterity, coordination, and muscle strength of the less-affected upper limb in stroke. DESIGN: Pre-test post-test, single group, experimental design. SETTING: Rehabilitation institute. PARTICIPANTS: Post-stroke hemiparetic chronic subjects (N = 21). INTERVENTIONS: Forty sessions of MT using various tasks in addition to the conventional rehabilitation...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532875/neck-pain-and-dysphagia-associated-to-disc-protrusion-and-reduced-functional-stability-a-case-report
#16
Michele Margelli, Carla Vanti, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Roberto Andreotti
BACKGROUND: Deglutition dysfunction like dysphagia may be associated with cervical symptoms. FINDINGS: A young female complained of pain on the neck and swallowing dysfunction that was reduced by means of isometric contraction of cervical muscles. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an anterior C5-C6 disc protrusion associated with a lesion of the anterior longitudinal ligament. Barium radiograph showed a small anterior cervical osteophyte at C6 level and dynamic X-ray excluded anatomical instability...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532508/is-it-possible-for-knowledge-based-planning-to-improve-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-plan-quality-for-planners-with-different-planning-experiences-in-left-sided-breast-cancer-patients
#17
Juanqi Wang, Weigang Hu, Zhaozhi Yang, Xiaohui Chen, Zhiqiang Wu, Xiaoli Yu, Xiaomao Guo, Saiquan Lu, Kaixuan Li, Gongyi Yu
BACKGROUND: Knowledge-based planning (KBP) is a promising technique that can improve plan quality and increase planning efficiency. However, no attempts have been made to extend the domain of KBP for planners with different planning experiences so far. The purpose of this study was to quantify the potential gains for planners with different planning experiences after implementing KBP in intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) plans for left-sided breast cancer patients. METHODS: The model libraries were populated with 80 expert clinical plans from treated patients who previously received left-sided breast-conserving surgery and IMRT with simultaneously integrated boost...
May 22, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532254/towards-the-recovery-of-a-sense-of-self-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-patients-experience-of-body-oriented-psychotherapy-for-schizophrenia
#18
Laura Galbusera, Lisa Fellin, Thomas Fuchs
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence supports the efficacy of body-oriented psychotherapy (BPT) for schizophrenia. Yet, so far no research has investigated outcome in relation to therapy process: Why and how BPT is effective. In this study, we qualitatively explore participants' experience of a manualized BPT for schizophrenia to shed light on the process of therapeutic change. METHOD: We conducted in-depth interviews with 6 participants who completed a 10-week BPT group intervention...
May 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531913/methods-of-isolation-and-characterization-of-stem-cells-from-different-regions-of-oral-cavity-using-markers-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Kavarthapu Avinash, Sankari Malaippan, Jayakumar Nadathur Dooraiswamy
Background: Periodontitis is a destructive inflammatory disorder of the periodontium caused by the destruction of periodontal tissues namely the PDL, cementum, alveolar bone, and gingiva. Once these tissues are lost, the foremost goal of periodontal therapy is to regenerate the diseased tissues if possible to their original form, architecture, and function. Various regenerative procedures were employed and still a gap was found in achieving the goal. As stem cells are characterized by their ability to self-renew and differentiate to produce specialized cells, there could be a possibility of using them for regenerative therapy...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531289/management-of-bacteriuria-in-veterans-affairs-hospitals
#20
Emily S Spivak, Muriel Burk, Rongping Zhang, Makoto M Jones, Melinda M Neuhauser, Matthew Bidwell Goetz, Francesca E Cunningham
Background: Bacteriuria contributes to antibiotic overuse through treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) and long durations of therapy for symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTIs), yet large-scale evaluations of bacteriuria management among inpatients are lacking. Methods: Inpatients with bacteriuria were classified as asymptomatic or symptomatic based on established criteria applied to data collected by manual chart review. We examined frequency of treatment of ASB, factors associated with treatment of ASB, durations of therapy, and frequency of complications including Clostridium difficile infection, readmission and all-cause mortality within 28 days of discharge...
May 20, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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