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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930626/pilot-study-whole-body-manual-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-sat-therapy-improved-pain-and-sat-structure-in-women-with-lipedema
#1
Karen L Herbst, Christopher Ussery, Alyna Eekema
Background Lipedema is a common painful subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) disorder in women affecting the limbs. SAT therapy is a manual therapy to improve soft tissue quality. Objective Determine if SAT therapy improves pain and structure of lipedema SAT. Design Single arm prospective pilot study. Setting Academic medical center. Patients Seven women, 46 ± 5 years, weight 90 ± 19 kg, with lipedema. Intervention Twelve 90-min SAT therapy sessions over 4 weeks. Outcomes Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans, SAT ultrasound (Vevo 2100), leg volumetrics, skin caliper assessment, tissue exam, weight, resting metabolic rate, pain assessment, lower extremity functional scale (LEFS) and body shape questionnaire (BSQ) at baseline and end of study...
September 20, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929364/anthropomorphic-liver-phantom-with-flow-for-multimodal-image-guided-liver-therapy-research-and-training
#2
Anna Rethy, Jørn Ove Sæternes, Jostein Halgunset, Ronald Mårvik, Erlend F Hofstad, Juan A Sánchez-Margallo, Thomas Langø
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to develop a multimodal, permanent liver phantom displaying functional vasculature and common pathologies, for teaching, training and equipment development in laparoscopic ultrasound and navigation. METHODS: Molten wax was injected simultaneously into the portal and hepatic veins of a human liver. Upon solidification of the wax, the surrounding liver tissue was dissolved, leaving a cast of the vessels. A connection was established between the two vascular trees by manually manipulating the wax...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928494/systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-the-difference-between-the-spinal-level-of-the-palpated-and-imaged-iliac-crests
#3
Robert Cooperstein, Felisha Truong
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to undertake a systematic review of the literature to determine and compare, for patient sub-groups, the spinal level of the iliac crests as commonly measured through manual palpation and radiographic imaging procedures. METHODS: Relevant citations were retrieved by searching the PubMed, ICL, CINAHL, AMED, Osteopathic Research Web, OstMed, and MANTIS biomedical databases, and included articles were rated for quality. Search terms included Tuffier*, intercristal line, intercrestal line, Jacoby's line, lumbar spine, lumbar landmark, pelvic landmark, palpation, and TL (Tuffier's Line)...
August 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926630/efficacy-of-pentavalent-antimoniate-intralesional-infiltration-therapy-for-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-a-systematic-review
#4
Nayara Castelano Brito, Ana Rabello, Gláucia Fernandes Cota
BACKGROUND: The mainstays of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) treatment, in several world regions, are pentavalent antimony (Sbv) compounds administered parenterally, despite their recognized toxicity, which requires frequent laboratory monitoring and complicates their use in areas with scarce infrastructure. As result of these drawbacks, the WHO Expert Committee on leishmaniasis has expanded the recommendations for the use of local therapies, including Sbv intralesional infiltration (IL-Sbv), as CL therapy alternatives even in the New World...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923310/factors-associated-with-specific-diagnostic-and-statistical-manual-of-mental-disorders-fourth-edition-sexual-dysfunctions-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-study-of-patients-and-their-partners
#5
Susanna B Hummel, Daniela E E Hahn, Jacques J D M van Lankveld, Hester S A Oldenburg, Eva Broomans, Neil K Aaronson
BACKGROUND: Many women develop sexual problems after breast cancer (BC) treatment. Little is known about BC survivors with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) sexual dysfunction and their partners, and the factors associated with their sexual functioning. AIM: To evaluate (i) patient-related and clinical factors associated with (a) specific DSM-IV sexual dysfunctions and (b) level of sexual functioning and sexual distress as reported by BC survivors and (ii) the association between the sexual functioning of BC survivors and that of their partners...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921938/prostate-cancer-treatment-in-renal-transplant-recipients-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Giancarlo Marra, Ettore Dalmasso, Marco Angello, Stefania Munegato, Andrea Bosio, Omidreza Sedigh, Luigi Biancone, Paolo Gontero
BACKGROUND: The majority of kidney transplants are performed in recipients (RTR) over 50; simultaneously their life expectancy is improving. The increasing age and number of RTR is likely to be paralleled by an increase of prostate cancer (PCa) incidence. However, little is known on the optimal management of these patients who represent a therapeutic challenge due to medical and anatomical graft-related issues. METHODS: AMED, Medline and Embase were searched until November 17(th) , 2016 adhering to the PRISMA guidelines and the AMSTAR checklist to investigate oncological and functional outcomes of PCa treatment in RTR...
September 18, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921538/a-fast-inverse-treatment-planning-strategy-facilitating-optimized-catheter-selection-in-image-guided-high-dose-rate-interstitial-gynecologic-brachytherapy
#7
Christian V Guthier, Antonio L Damato, Juergen W Hesser, Akila N Viswanathan, Robert A Cormack
PURPOSE: Interstitial high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy is an important therapeutic strategy for the treatment of locally advanced gynecologic (GYN) cancers. The outcome of this therapy is determined by the quality of dose distribution achieved. This paper focuses on a novel yet simple heuristic for catheter selection for GYN HDR brachytherapy and their comparison against state of the art optimization strategies. The proposed technique is intended to act as a decision-supporting tool to select a favorable needle configuration...
September 18, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919767/relationship-between-subtypes-and-symptoms-of-adhd-insomnia-and-nightmares-in-connection-with-quality-of-life-in-children
#8
Julia Grünwald, Angelika Anita Schlarb
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the links between sleep disorders and subtypes of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD-inattention, ADHD-combined, ADHD-hyperactive/impulsive) in childhood. We set up a hypothetical model linking different symptoms of both disorders to construct the underlying and shared pathways. By examining a sample of children with ADHD we firstly tested parts of the model. METHODS: A total of 72 children with symptoms of ADHD (aged 6-13 years; 79...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918662/utility-of-the-iphone-4-gyroscope-application-in-the-measurement-of-wrist-motion
#9
Nuphar Lendner, Erik Wells, Idit Lavi, Yan Yan Kwok, Pak-Cheong Ho, Ronit Wollstein
BACKGROUND: Measurement of wrist range of motion (ROM) is important to all aspects of treatment and rehabilitation of upper extremity conditions. Recently, gyroscopes have been used to measure ROM and may be more precise than manual evaluations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of the iPhone gyroscope application and compare it with use of a goniometer, specifically evaluating its accuracy and ease of use. METHODS: A cross-sectional study evaluated adult Caucasian participants, with no evidence of wrist pathology...
September 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914863/-chronic-gastritis-instructions-for-use-of-medications
#10
V I Simanenkov, S S Vyalov
The paper highlights the features of drug use in the legal aspect. It analyzes instructions for medical use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and gastric protective agents. Taking into account the characteristics of indications registered in the instruction, the authors discuss the possibility of using various PPIs. The instruction for medical application is an official document approved by the Ministry of Health, the basis of which is the data of trials carried out by a manufacturer, and it should be a key or fundamental source for a physician in choosing a medication...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912651/manual-resistance-versus-conventional-resistance-training-impact-on-strength-and-muscular-endurance-in-recreationally-trained-men
#11
Iván Chulvi-Medrano, Tamara Rial, Juan M Cortell-Tormo, Yasser Alakhdar, Caue V La Scala Teixeira, Laura Masiá-Tortosa, Sandor Dorgo
Manual resistance training (MRT) has been widely used in the field of physical therapy. It has also been used as a strength training method due to the accommodating resistance nature of this modality. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of an 8-week MRT program on maximum strength and muscular endurance in comparison to conventional resistance training in recreationally trained men. Twenty healthy recreationally trained male subjects were recruited and divided into a MRT training group and a conventional training (CT) group...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912631/subacute-effects-of-cervicothoracic-spinal-thrust-non-thrust-in-addition-to-shoulder-manual-therapy-plus-exercise-intervention-in-individuals-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-pilot-study
#12
Alexis A Wright, Megan Donaldson, Craig A Wassinger, Alicia J Emerson-Kavchak
OBJECTIVES: To determine the subacute effects of cervicothoracic spinal thrust/non-thrust in addition to shoulder non-thrust plus exercise in patients with subacromial pathology. METHODS: This was a randomized, single blinded controlled trial pilot study. This trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01753271) and reported according to Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials requirements. Patients were randomly assigned to either shoulder treatment plus cervicothoracic spinal thrust/non-thrust or shoulder treatment-only group...
September 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912628/the-future-of-orthopedic-manual-therapy-what-are-we-missing
#13
EDITORIAL
Cristiana K Collins, Michael Masaracchio, Jean-Michel Brismée
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905802/coccygodynia-pathogenesis-diagnostics-and-therapy-review-of-the-writing
#14
Bogumiła Dampc, Krzysztof Słowiński
Coccygodynia is a problem with a small percentage (1%) of the population suffering from musculoskeletal disorders. This pain is often associated with trauma, falling on the tailbone, long cycling, or by women after childbirth. The reason for the described problem can be the actual morphological changes. Idiopathic coccygodynia causes therapeutic difficulties to specialists of many fields. Unsatisfactory treatment, including coccygectomy tends to seek new solutions. They belong to them techniques exploited in the manual therapy which in their spectrum hold: direct techniques - per rectum as well as indirect techniques taking into account distant structures of the motor organ, remaining in dense interactions with the coccygeal part...
August 31, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905640/neurobiological-mechanisms-of-exercise-and-psychotherapy-in-depression-the-speed-study-rationale-design-and-methodological-issues
#15
Stephan Heinzel, Michael A Rapp, Thomas Fydrich, Andreas Ströhle, Christina Terán, Gunnar Kallies, Melanie Schwefel, Andreas Heissel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Even though cognitive behavioral therapy has become a relatively effective treatment for major depressive disorder and cognitive behavioral therapy-related changes of dysfunctional neural activations were shown in recent studies, remission rates still remain at an insufficient level. Therefore, the implementation of effective augmentation strategies is needed. In recent meta-analyses, exercise therapy (especially endurance exercise) was reported to be an effective intervention in major depressive disorder...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905130/clinico-serologic-features-of-statin-induced-necrotising-autoimmune-myopathy-in-a-single-centre-cohort
#16
Michael J Waters, Vidya Limaye
Statin-induced necrotising autoimmune myopathy (NAM) is a rare but disabling complication of statin therapy. Data regarding treatment and outcomes in these patients is sparse. We retrospectively identified those patients with a diagnosis of statin-induced NAM who were managed in a single-tertiary referral centre from January 2014 to January 2017. Data regarding clinical features, serology, antibody status and functional outcome was collected. We identified 16 patients diagnosed with statin-induced NAM. Truncal weakness was present in 9/16 patients, of which one patient presented with camptocormia...
September 13, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904897/peyronie-s-graft-surgery-tips-and-tricks-from-the-masters-in-andrologic-surgery
#17
Georgios Hatzichristodoulou, Peter Tsambarlis, Hubert Kübler, Laurence A Levine
BACKGROUND: Grafting techniques in the surgical management of Peyronie's disease (PD) are challenging, especially in inexperienced hands. In order to improve surgical outcomes the urologist should follow a standard surgical approach, preferably of an established and reliable grafting technique. The aim of this study is to provide tips and tricks for graft surgery for PD. METHODS: This report offers a step-by-step tutorial for grafting techniques in PD, especially for the Sealing technique and the partial plaque excision and grafting (PEG) procedure...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902004/antiretroviral-therapy-in-hiv-infected-children-with-tuberculosis-a-systematic-review
#18
Giorgia Sulis, Silvia Amadasi, Anna Odone, Martina Penazzato, Alberto Matteelli
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is the major cause of mortality in HIV-infected children globally. Current guidelines about the management of antiretroviral therapy in children with tuberculosis are based on a limited number of non-randomized studies involving small numbers of participants. The aim of the study was to systematically retrieve and critically appraise available evidence on the efficacy and safety of different antiretroviral regimens in children with HIV infection who are receiving treatment for active tuberculosis...
September 7, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901961/effect-of-stretching-on-thoracolumbar-fascia-injury-and-movement-restriction-in-a-porcine-model
#19
Helene M Langevin, James Bishop, Rhonda Maple, Gary J Badger, James R Fox
OBJECTIVE: Stretching of fascia is an important component of manual and movement therapies. We previously showed that in pigs, a unilateral thoracolumbar fascia injury combined with movement restriction (hobble) produced contralateral loss of fascia mobility (shear strain during passive trunk flexion measured with ultrasound) similar to findings in human subjects with chronic low back pain. We now tested whether such abnormalities could be reversed by removing the hobble with or without daily stretching for 1 mo...
September 10, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901873/homeopathy-for-mexicans-medical-popularisation-commercial-endeavours-and-patients-choice-in-the-mexican-medical-marketplace-1853-1872
#20
Jethro Hernández Berrones
This paper focuses on homeopaths' strategies to popularise homeopathy from 1850 to 1870. I argue that homeopaths created a space for homeopathy in Mexico City in the mid-nineteenth century by facilitating patients' access to medical knowledge, consultation and practice. In this period, when national and international armed conflicts limited the diffusion and regulation of academic medicine, homeopaths popularised homeopathy by framing it as a life-enhancing therapy with tools that responded to patients' needs...
October 2017: Medical History
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