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Manual therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324697/adverse-events-in-a-chiropractic-spinal-manipulative-therapy-single-blinded-placebo-randomized-controlled-trial-for-migraineurs
#1
Aleksander Chaibi, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Peter J Tuchin, Michael Bjørn Russell
BACKGROUND: Unlike pharmacological randomized controlled trials (RCTs), manual-therapy RCTs do not always report adverse events (AEs). The few manual-therapy RCTs that provide information on AEs are frequently without details, such as the type and-, severity of the AE and reason for withdrawal. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively report all AEs in a chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (CSMT) RCT. DESIGN: A prospective 3-armed, single-blinded, placebo, RCT...
March 14, 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323572/bilateral-changes-in-deep-tissue-environment-after-manual-lymphatic-drainage-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-treatment-related-lymphedema
#2
Paula M C Donahue, Rachelle Crescenzi, Allison O Scott, Vaughn Braxton, Aditi Desai, Seth A Smith, John Jordi, Ingrid M Meszoely, Ana M Grau, Rondi M Kauffmann, Raeshell S Sweeting, Kandace Spotanski, Sheila H Ridner, Manus J Donahue
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer treatment-related lymphedema (BCRL) arises from a mechanical insufficiency following cancer therapies. Early BCRL detection and personalized intervention require an improved understanding of the physiological processes that initiate lymphatic impairment. Here, internal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures of the tissue microenvironment were paired with clinical measures of tissue structure to test fundamental hypotheses regarding structural tissue and muscle changes after the commonly used therapeutic intervention of manual lymphatic drainage (MLD)...
March 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319789/group-schema-therapy-for-personality-disorders-a-pilot-study-for-implementation-in-acute-psychiatric-in-patient-settings
#3
Igor Nenadić, Sina Lamberth, Neele Reiss
Group schema therapy (GST) has been proposed as a novel long-term treatment programme for borderline and cluster C personality disorders. We implemented a short-term GST programme (12-15 sessions, based on the manual by Farrell and Shaw (2012), including both cognitive / behavioural and experiential interventions for in-patients (n=9) with either borderline or cluster C personality disorders (and axis I co-morbidities) treated in a (sub)acute psychiatric in-patient setting. We evaluated pre- and post-treatment self-report of maladaptive and adaptive schema modes (using the SMI) and early maladaptive schemas (YSQ-3), as well as overall symptom severity (brief symptom check list, BSCL-53-S), patient satisfaction (ZUF-8) and group climate and coherence (GCQ-S)...
February 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317125/referenceless-magnetic-resonance-temperature-imaging-using-gaussian-process-modeling
#4
Joshua P Yung, David Fuentes, Christopher J MacLellan, Florian Maier, Yannis Liapis, John D Hazle, R Jason Stafford
PURPOSE: During magnetic resonance (MR)-guided thermal therapies, water proton resonance frequency shift (PRFS) based MR temperature imaging can quantitatively monitor tissue temperature changes. It is widely known that the PRFS technique is easily perturbed by tissue motion, tissue susceptibility changes, magnetic field drift, and modality-dependent applicator induced artifacts. Here a referenceless Gaussian process modeling (GPM) based estimation of the PRFS is investigated as a methodology to mitigate unwanted background field changes...
March 20, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314877/fully-automated-vmat-treatment-planning-for-advanced-stage-nsclc-patients
#5
Giuseppe Della Gala, Maarten L P Dirkx, Nienke Hoekstra, Dennie Fransen, Nico Lanconelli, Marjan van de Pol, Ben J M Heijmen, Steven F Petit
PURPOSE: To develop a fully automated procedure for multicriterial volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) treatment planning (autoVMAT) for stage III/IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with curative intent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After configuring the developed autoVMAT system for NSCLC, autoVMAT plans were compared with manually generated clinically delivered intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) plans for 41 patients. AutoVMAT plans were also compared to manually generated VMAT plans in the absence of time pressure...
March 17, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304312/cognitive-rehabilitation-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-controlled-intervention-trial
#6
Katharina Brueggen, Elisabeth Kasper, Sina Ochmann, Henrike Pfaff, Steffi Webel, Wolfgang Schneider, Stefan Teipel
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Rehabilitation for Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an integrative multimodal intervention. It aims to maintain autonomy and quality of life by enhancing the patients' abilities to compensate for decreased cognitive functioning. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the feasibility of a group-based Cognitive Rehabilitation approach in mild AD dementia and assessed its effect on activities of daily living (ADL). METHODS: We included 16 patients with AD dementia in a controlled partial-randomized design...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301865/additional-effect-of-static-ultrasound-and-diadynamic-currents-on-myofascial-trigger-points-in-a-manual-therapy-program-for-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Almir Vieira Dibai-Filho, Alessandra Kelly de Oliveira, Carlos Eduardo Girasol, Fabiana Rodrigues Cancio Dias, Rinaldo Roberto de Jesus Guirro
OBJECTIVE: To assess the additional effect of static ultrasound and diadynamic currents on myofascial trigger points in a manual therapy program to treat individuals with chronic neck pain. DESIGN: A single-blind randomized trial was conducted. Both men and women, between ages 18 and 45, with chronic neck pain and active myofascial trigger points in the upper trapezius were included in the study. Subjects were assigned to 3 different groups: group 1 (n = 20) was treated with manual therapy; group 2 (n = 20) was treated with manual therapy and static ultrasound; group 3 (n = 20) was treated with manual therapy and diadynamic currents...
April 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301678/effectiveness-of-adjunctive-interventions-for-accelerating-orthodontic-tooth-movement-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#8
REVIEW
Jianru Yi, Jiani Xiao, Hanshi Li, Yu Li, Xiaobing Li, Zhihe Zhao
This study was aimed to summarize published systematic reviews that assess the effects of adjunctive interventions on the acceleration of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). Electronic and manual searches were performed up to Aug 2016. Systematic reviews investigating the impact of adjunctive techniques on the promotion of OTM were included. The methodological quality of the included reviews was evaluated using the AMSTAR scale. The quality of evidence for each intervention was assessed using GRADE. The Jadad decision algorithm was used to select a study to provide body evidence from discordant reviews on the same intervention...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301173/psychotherapy-practices-for-veterans-with-ptsd-among-community-based-providers-in-texas
#9
Erin P Finley, Polly H Noël, Shuko Lee, Elizabeth Haro, Hector Garcia, Craig Rosen, Nancy Bernardy, Mary Jo Pugh, Jacqueline A Pugh
Significant changes in national health policy, like the Veterans Choice Act, have created growing opportunities for veterans to receive care outside of the Veterans Administration (VA), yet little is known about the attitudes and practices in PTSD care of community providers, particularly their use of evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs). The authors assessed psychotherapy practices of community providers serving veterans with PTSD in Texas. They surveyed Texas mental health providers regarding their patient population, practice setting, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-related screening, assessment, and treatment practices...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300375/photon-optimizer-po-prevails-over-progressive-resolution-optimizer-pro-for-vmat-planning-with-or-without-knowledge-based-solution
#10
Fan Jiang, Hao Wu, Haizhen Yue, Fei Jia, Yibao Zhang
The enhanced dosimetric performance of knowledge-based volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) planning might be jointly contributed by the patient-specific optimization objectives, as estimated by the RapidPlan model, and by the potentially improved Photon Optimizer (PO) algorithm than the previous Progressive Resolution Optimizer (PRO) engine. As PO is mandatory for RapidPlan estimation but optional for conventional manual planning, appreciating the two optimizers may provide practical guidelines for the algorithm selection because knowledge-based planning may not replace the current method completely in a short run...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297594/the-role-of-staging-in-planning-psychotherapeutic-interventions-in-depression
#11
Jenny Guidi, Elena Tomba, Fiammetta Cosci, Seung K Park, Giovanni A Fava
CONTEXT: The purpose of this critical review is to examine the role of staging in planning a psychotherapeutic intervention in depressive disorders. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: English-language studies concerned with staging in depressive disorders were identified in MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science and by manual search of the literature. Selection of articles was based on their methodological quality and implications for clinical practice. RESULTS: Staging may allow clinicians to apply a psychotherapeutic intervention to specific phases of the development of depressive disorders: certain psychotherapeutic approaches, such as well-being therapy and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, appear to be uniquely suited for addressing the residual phase of depression, whereas interpersonal psychotherapy has been mainly tested in the acute phase...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297449/mri-quantification-of-pancreas-motion-as-a-function-of-patient-setup-for-particle-therapy-a-preliminary-study
#12
Giulia Fontana, Marco Riboldi, Chiara Gianoli, Cezarina I Chirvase, Gaetano Villa, Chiara Paganelli, Paul E Summers, Barbara Tagaste, Andrea Pella, Piero Fossati, Mario Ciocca, Guido Baroni, Francesca Valvo, Roberto Orecchia
Particle therapy (PT) has shown positive therapeutic results in local control of locally advanced pancreatic lesions. PT effectiveness is highly influenced by target localization accuracy both in space, since the pancreas is located in proximity to radiosensitive vital organs, and in time as it is subject to substantial breathing-related motion. The purpose of this preliminary study was to quantify pancreas range of motion under typical PT treatment conditions. Three common immobilization devices (vacuum cushion, thermoplastic mask, and compressor belt) were evaluated on five male patients in prone and supine positions...
September 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297277/application-programming-in-c-environment-with-recorded-user-software-interactions-and-its-application-in-autopilot-of-vmat-imrt-treatment-planning
#13
Henry Wang, Lei Xing
An autopilot scheme of volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT)/intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) planning with the guidance of prior knowledge is established with recorded interactions between a planner and a commercial treatment planning system (TPS). Microsoft (MS) Visual Studio Coded UI is applied to record some common planner-TPS interactions as subroutines. The TPS used in this study is a Windows-based Eclipse system. The interactions of our application program with Eclipse TPS are realized through a series of subroutines obtained by prerecording the mouse clicks or keyboard strokes of a planner in operating the TPS...
November 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296186/changes-in-periprostatic-adipose-tissue-induced-by-5%C3%AE-reductase-inhibitors
#14
D Taussky, M Barkati, S Campeau, K Zerouali, A Nadiri, F Saad, G Delouya
There is increasing interest in periprostatic fat and its influence on prostate cancer aggressiveness. In vitro data suggest that adipose stromal/stem cells (ASCs) can increase production of cytokines and growth factors resulting in invasive growth and metastasis in prostate cancer. The objective of the study was to determine the interaction between 5α-reductase inhibitors (5ARIs) and periprostatic adipose tissue (PPAT) and factors of prostate cancer aggressiveness. In this retrospective study, we identified 61 patients treated with 5ARIs for a period of ≥12 months before undergoing radiation therapy (brachytherapy or external beam radiotherapy)...
March 10, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295825/effectiveness-of-manual-therapy-versus-surgery-in-pain-processing-due-to-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
C Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, J Cleland, M Palacios-Ceña, S Fuensalida-Novo, C Alonso-Blanco, J A Pareja, F Alburquerque-Sendín
BACKGROUND: People with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) exhibit widespread pressure pain and thermal pain hypersensitivity as a manifestation of central sensitization. The aim of our study was to compare the effectiveness of manual therapy versus surgery for improving pain and nociceptive gain processing in people with CTS. METHODS: The trial was conducted at a local regional Hospital in Madrid, Spain from August 2014 to February 2015. In this randomized parallel-group, blinded, clinical trial, 100 women with CTS were randomly allocated to either manual therapy (n = 50), who received three sessions (once/week) of manual therapies including desensitization manoeuvres of the central nervous system, or surgical intervention (n = 50) group...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292291/traditional-arabic-islamic-medicine-validation-and-empirical-assessment-of-a-conceptual-model-in-qatar
#16
Sara N AlRawi, Amal Khidir, Maha S Elnashar, Huda A Abdelrahim, Amal K Killawi, Maya M Hammoud, Michael D Fetters
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates traditional medicine is no longer only used for the healthcare of the poor, its prevalence is also increasing in countries where allopathic medicine is predominant in the healthcare system. While these healing practices have been utilized for thousands of years in the Arabian Gulf, only recently has a theoretical model been developed illustrating the linkages and components of such practices articulated as Traditional Arabic & Islamic Medicine (TAIM). Despite previous theoretical work presenting development of the TAIM model, empirical support has been lacking...
March 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291910/utilization-of-a-3d-printer-to-fabricate-boluses-used-for-electron-therapy-of-skin-lesions-of-the-eye-canthi
#17
Magdalena Łukowiak, Karolina Jezierska, Marek Boehlke, Marzena Więcko, Adam Łukowiak, Wojciech Podraza, Mirosław Lewocki, Bartłomiej Masojć, Michał Falco
This work describes the use of 3D printing technology to create individualized boluses for patients treated with electron beam therapy for skin lesions of the eye canthi. It aimed to demonstrate the effectiveness of 3D-printed over manually fabricated paraffin boluses. The study involved 11 patients for whom the construction of individual boluses were required. CT scans of the fabricated 3D-printed boluses and paraffin boluses were acquired and superimposed onto patient CT scans to compare their fitting, bolus homogeneity, and underlying dose distribution...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290704/predicting-manual-therapy-treatment-success-in-patients-with-chronic-ankle-instability-improving-self-reported-function
#18
Eric A Wikstrom, Patrick O McKeon
CONTEXT: Therapeutic modalities that stimulate sensory receptors around the foot-ankle complex improve chronic ankle instability (CAI)-associated impairments. However, not all patients have equal responses to these modalities. Identifying predictors of treatment success could improve clinician efficiency when treating patients with CAI. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a response analysis on existing data to identify predictors of improved self-reported function in patients with CAI...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288592/transfer-of-manualized-short-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-stpp-for-social-anxiety-disorder-into-clinical-practice-results-from-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Jörg Wiltink, Christian Ruckes, Jürgen Hoyer, Falk Leichsenring, Peter Joraschky, Frank Leweke, Karin Pöhlmann, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence for manualized psychodynamic treatments, there is a lack of studies on their transfer to routine practice. This is the first study to examine the effects of an additional training in manualized Short Term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (STPP) on the outcome in routine psychotherapy for social anxiety disorder (SAD). The study is an extension to a large RCT comparing STPP to Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy of SAD. METHODS: The manualized treatment was designed for a time limited approach with 25 individual sessions of STPP over 6 months...
March 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287065/effectiveness-of-group-behavioural-activation-for-depression-a-pilot-study
#20
Stephen Kellett, Mel Simmonds-Buckley, Paul Bliss, Glenn Waller
BACKGROUND: The evidence base for behavioural activation (BA) is mainly grounded in the individual delivery method, with much less known about the impact of group delivery. AIMS: To conduct a pilot study of behavioural activation in groups (BAG) for depression delivered in a routine service setting, in order to explore acceptability, effectiveness and predictors of outcome. METHODS: The manualized group treatment format was delivered in a Primary Care mental health setting, at step three of an Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) service...
March 13, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
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