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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731832/effects-of-cervical-high-velocity-low-amplitude-techniques-on-range-of-motion-strength-performance-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-a-review
#1
Xabier Galindez-Ibarbengoetxea, Igor Setuain, Lars L Andersen, Robinson Ramírez-Velez, Miriam González-Izal, Andoni Jauregi, Mikel Izquierdo
BACKGROUND: Cervical high-velocity low-amplitude (HVLA) manipulation technique is among the oldest and most frequently used chiropractic manual therapy, but the physiologic and biomechanics effects were not completely clear. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to describe the effects of cervical HVLA manipulation techniques on range of motion, strength, and cardiovascular performance. METHODS/DESIGN: A systematic search was conducted of the electronic databases from January 2000 to August 2016: PubMed (n = 131), ScienceDirect (n = 101), Scopus (n = 991), PEDro (n = 33), CINAHL (n = 884), and SciELO (n = 5)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731267/heuristic-knowledge-based-planning-for-single-isocenter-stereotactic-radiosurgery-to-multiple-brain-metastases
#2
Benjamin P Ziemer, Parag Sanghvi, Jona Hattangadi-Gluth, Kevin L Moore
PURPOSE: Single-isocenter, volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for multiple brain metastases (multi-mets) can deliver highly conformal dose distributions and reduce overall patient treatment time compared to other techniques. However, treatment planning for multi-met cases is highly complex due to variability in numbers and sizes of brain metastases, as well as their relative proximity to organs-at-risk (OARs). The purpose of this study was to automate the VMAT planning of multi-met cases through a knowledge-based planning (KBP) approach that adapts single target SRS dose predictions to multiple target predictions...
July 21, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729900/unravelling-functional-neurology-a-scoping-review-of-theories-and-clinical-applications-in-a-context-of-chiropractic-manual-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Anne-Laure Meyer, Amanda Meyer, Sarah Etherington, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Functional Neurology (FN), a seemingly attractive treatment approach used by some chiropractors, proposes to have an effect on a multitude of conditions but some of its concepts are controversial. OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: A scoping review was performed to describe, in the context of chiropractic manual therapy, 1) the FN theories, and 2) its clinical applications (i.e. its indications, examination procedures, treatment modalities, treatment plans, and clinical outcomes) using four sources: i) one key textbook, ii) the scientific peer-reviewed literature, iii) websites from chiropractors using FN, and iv) semi-structured interviews of chiropractors using FN...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729345/recent-advances-in-understanding-and-managing-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#4
REVIEW
Georgina Krebs, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, David Mataix-Cols
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a relatively common and disabling psychiatric disorder characterised by excessive and persistent preoccupation with perceived defects or flaws in one's appearance, which are unnoticeable to others, and associated repetitive behaviours (eg, mirror checking). The disorder generally starts in adolescence, but often goes unnoticed and is severely underdiagnosed. Left untreated, BDD typically persists and causes marked functional impairment in multiple domains. This clinical review considers recent advances in the epidemiology and classification of BDD, including its reclassification in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders under the new 'Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders' chapter...
July 20, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727924/does-early-change-predict-long-term-6-months-improvements-in-subjects-who-receive-manual-therapy-for-low-back-pain
#5
Chad Cook, Shannon Petersen, Megan Donaldson, Mark Wilhelm, Ken Learman
Early change is commonly assessed for manual therapy interventions and has been used to determine treatment appropriateness. However, current studies have only explored the relationship of between or within-session changes and short-/medium-term outcomes. The goal of this study was to determine whether pain changes after two weeks of pragmatic manual therapy could predict those participants with chronic low back pain who demonstrate continued improvements at 6-month follow-up. This study was a retrospective observational design...
July 20, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727323/indocyanine-green-near-infrared-lymphangiography-for-evaluation-of-effectiveness-of-edema-fluid-flow-under-therapeutic-compression
#6
Marzanna T Zaleska, Waldemar L Olszewski
The commonly used modalities for therapy of limb lymphedema are manual lymphatic drainage, manual devices moving edema fluid and intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC). What seems to be necessary for validation of the effect of the compression procedure is imaging of the mobilized moving edema fluid. Picture of edema fluid flow would allow the therapist to use force adjusted to the tissue volume and stiffness differing in various limb regions as well as identify sites of abundant accumulation of fluid requiring more compression...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722100/-tailored-care-for-functional-vertigo-dizziness-an-integrative-group-psychotherapy-approach
#7
Katharina Radziej, Gabriele Schmid-Mühlbauer, Karina Limburg, Claas Lahmann
Functional vertigo and dizziness (VD) symptoms are highly prevalent and usually accompanied by a strong impairment of quality in everyday and working life. The complaints are often associated with various psychiatric disorders, particularly phobic and other anxiety disorders, depressive or somatoform disorders. Despite this clinical relevance of VD symptoms, studies towards psychotherapeutic treatment options for patients with functional VD are still rare. Thus, the present study outlines a manual for outpatient group therapy for patients with functional VD symptoms...
June 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721065/optimizing-the-treatment-of-bevacizumab-as-first-line-therapy-for-human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2-her2-negative-advanced-breast-cancer-an-updated-meta-analysis-of-published-randomized-trials
#8
Cunfu Li, Aizhai Xiang, Xianzhi Chen, Kai Yin, Jinsong Lu, Wenjin Yin
BACKGROUND: Manifold data have demonstrated that the addition of bevacizumab to chemotherapy improved progression-free survival (PFS), while few trials have revealed its significant overall survival (OS) benefit. Furthermore, it still remains suspended how to maximize the benefits of bevacizumab as first-line therapy for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer. We sought to conduct a meta-analysis to assess the benefits of bevacizumab with chemotherapy and to identify the ideal chemotherapy partner of bevacizumab in the first-line setting for HER2-negative advanced breast cancer patients...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719227/simvastatin-as-an-adjunctive-therapy-to-risperidone-in-treatment-of-autism-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Fatemeh Shirzad, Mohammad-Ali Karkhaneh-Yousefi, Rasoul Khezri, Mohammad-Reza Mohammadi, Shahin Akhondzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Providing novel treatments for autism has been a subject of long-standing research. Based on etiopathological findings, we aim at assessing potential therapeutic effects of statins, here simvastatin, on autism symptoms for the first time. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group 10-week clinical trial, 70 drug-free children aged 4 to 12 years old with diagnosis of autistic disorder based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision, who had an Aberrant Behavior Checklist-Community (ABC-C) scale irritability subscale score of ≥12, were equally randomized to receive either simvastatin (20-40 mg/day) or placebo as an adjunct to risperidone (1-2 mg/day) whereas administration of both drugs was started simultaneously from baseline...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717958/-the-8th-edition-of-the-ajcc-cancer-staging-manual-updates-in-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery
#10
REVIEW
J Doescher, J A Veit, T K Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: The TNM system is an established tool for classification of solid tumors by means of tumor size and extent, the involvement of local lymph nodes, and the presence of distant metastases. The classification was established in order to visualize prognostic implications and to allow establishment of systematic therapeutic algorithms. Since the beginning of 2017 a revised version of the classification has applied. Particularly the classification of otorhinolaryngologic tumors has been thoroughly revised in the 8th edition, partly on the basis of new prognostically relevant parameters, such as infection with oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) subtypes...
July 17, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717380/response-of-local-nitric-oxide-release-to-manual-acupuncture-and-electrical-heat-in-humans-effects-of-reinforcement-methods
#11
Sheng-Xing Ma, Paul C Lee, Thomas L Anderson, Xi-Yan Li, Isabelle Z Jiang
This study was to examine the influences of manual acupuncture (MA) and electrical heat corresponding to reinforcing methods on nitric oxide (NO) release over the skin regions in humans. A device with collecting solution was taped to the skin surface along pericardium (PC) or lung (LU) meridian. Acupuncture needles were gently inserted into PC 4 with reinforcing stimulation (low force/rate) for 20 minutes in the MA group. LU11 on the finger was heated (43-44°C) by electrical heat for 20 minutes. Biocapture was consecutively conducted for two 20-minute intervals during and after each treatment...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716789/identification-of-the-delivery-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-psychosis-cbtp-using-a-cross-sectional-sample-from-electronic-health-records-and-open-text-information-in-a-large-uk-based-mental-health-case-register
#12
Craig Colling, Lauren Evans, Matthew Broadbent, David Chandran, Thomas J Craig, Anna Kolliakou, Robert Stewart, Philippa A Garety
OBJECTIVE: Our primary objective was to identify cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) delivery for people with psychosis (CBTp) using an automated method in a large electronic health record database. We also examined what proportion of service users with a diagnosis of psychosis were recorded as having received CBTp within their episode of care during defined time periods provided by early intervention or promoting recovery community services for people with psychosis, compared with published audits and whether demographic characteristics differentially predicted the receipt of CBTp...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715983/addressing-social-anxiety-concurrently-with-prison-based-sex-offender-treatment-a-case-of-individual-needs-in-an-era-of-manualized-treatment
#13
Michael P Lasher, Jon R Webb, Jill D Stinson, Peggy J Cantrell
Emotional regulation may be an underaddressed therapeutic target in sex offender treatment. This article presents a case report of "Adam," a Caucasian male referred to a prison-based sex offender treatment program. Adam's social anxiety was recognized as an antecendent to his sexual offending, and treatment of such, as a critical adjunct to sex offender treatment, is discussed herein. Adam's individualized treatment included aspects of rational emotive behavior therapy and time-limited dynamic psychotherapy...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715378/the-optical-fractionator-technique-to-estimate-cell-numbers-in-a-rat-model-of-electroconvulsive-therapy
#14
Mikkel Vestergaard Olesen, Esther Kjær Needham, Bente Pakkenberg
Stereological methods are designed to describe quantitative parameters without making assumptions about size, shape, orientation and distribution of cells or structures. These methods have been revolutionary for quantitative analysis of the mammalian brain, in which volumetric cell populations are too high to count manually, and stereology is now the technique of choice whenever estimates of three-dimensional quantities need to be extracted from measurements on two-dimensional sections. All stereological methods are in principle unbiased; however, they rely on proper knowledge about the structure of interest and the characteristics of the tissue...
July 9, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715273/physiological-effects-of-physical-therapy-interventions-on-lumbar-intervertebral-discs-a-systematic-review
#15
Ulrike H Mitchell, Kevin Helgeson, Paul Mintken
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The use of physical therapy has been recommended in the treatment of low back pain based on primarily mechanical and neurophysiological effects. Recent studies have measured the physiological effects of physical therapy interventions, including manual therapy and traction, on the intervertebral discs (IVD), and these findings may have implications for the long-term management or even prevention of low back pain. PURPOSE: The objective of this systematic review is to investigate the literature regarding possible physiological effects of physical therapy interventions on the intervertebral disc (IVD)...
July 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714799/in-silico-approaches-to-identify-novel-myeloid-cell-leukemia-1-mcl-1-inhibitors-for-treatment-of-cancer
#16
Ji-Xia Ren, Cheng-Ping Li, Xiu-Ling Zhou, Xue-Song Cao, Yong Xie
Myeloid cell leukemia-1 (Mcl-1) has been a validated and attractive target for cancer therapy. Over-expression of Mcl-1 in many cancers allows cancer cells to evade apoptosis and contributes to the resistance to current chemotherapeutics. Here, we identified new Mcl-1 inhibitors using a multi-step virtual screening approach. First, based on two different ligand-receptor complexes, 20 pharmacophore models were established by simultaneously using "Receptor-Ligand Pharmacophore Generation" method and manual build feature method, and then carefully validated by a test database...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713807/the-development-of-a-postgraduate-orthopaedic-manual-therapy-residency-program-in-nairobi-kenya
#17
Shala Cunningham, Richard Jackson, Daniel Kangutu Muli, Joni McFelea
INTRODUCTION: There are very few opportunities for long-term, comprehensive postgraduate education in developing countries because of fiscal and human resource constraints. Therefore, physiotherapists have little opportunity following graduation to advance their skills through the improvement of clinical reasoning and treatment planning and application. BACKGROUND: To address the need for sustainable advanced instruction in physiotherapy within the country, a postgraduate Residency program was initiated in Nairobi, Kenya in 2012...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713638/neurovascular-cell-sheet-transplantation-in-a-canine-model-of-intracranial-hemorrhage
#18
Woo-Jin Lee, Jong Young Lee, Keun-Hwa Jung, Soon-Tae Lee, Hyo Yeol Kim, Dong-Kyu Park, Jung-Suk Yu, So-Yun Kim, Daejong Jeon, Manho Kim, Sang Kun Lee, Jae-Kyu Roh, Kon Chu
Cell-based therapy for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) has a great therapeutic potential. However, methods to effectively induce direct regeneration of the damaged neural tissue after cell transplantation have not been established, which, if done, would improve the efficacy of cell-based therapy. In this study, we aimed to develop a cell sheet with neurovasculogenic potential and evaluate its usefulness in a canine ICH model. We designed a composite cell sheet made of neural progenitors derived from human olfactory neuroepithelium and vascular progenitors from human adipose tissue-derived stromal cells...
2017: Cell Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713084/evalution-of-the-effectiveness-of-multimodal-approach-to-the-management-of-cervical-vertigo
#19
Olexandr A Jaroshevskyi, Oleksandr S Payenok, Anna V Logvinenko
INTRODUCTION: Vertigo is one of the most common complaints among patients consulting neurologists and general practitioners - family medicine. A special form of dizziness is cervical vertigo. However, the presence of chronic vertigo and imbalance in this group of patients makes it possible to include the treatment of vestibular rehabilitation in the program. AIM: Evalution of the effectiveness of multimodal approach to the management of cervical vertigo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 109 patients aged from 18 to 45 with vertigo together with myofascial pain syndrome of neck and shoulder area were examined...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712922/utilization-of-manipulative-treatment-for-spine-and-shoulder-conditions-between-different-medical-providers-in-a-large-military-hospital
#20
Daniel Rhon, Tina Greenleee, Julie Fritz
OBJECTIVE: Describe the use of manipulative treatment for shoulder and spine conditions between various provider types. DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort SETTING: Single military hospital PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive sample of 7,566 patients seeking care for an initial spine or shoulder condition from 1 January to 31 December 2009. INTERVENTIONS: Manipulative treatment (e.g. manual therapy, spinal and joint manipulation, etc). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Manipulation treatment was identified with procedure billing codes in medical records...
July 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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