keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

PrEP

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222118/social-structural-behavioral-and-clinical-factors-influencing-retention-in-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-care-in-mississippi
#1
Trisha Arnold, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Philip A Chan, Amaya Perez-Brumer, Estefany S Bologna, Laura Beauchamps, Kendra Johnson, Leandro Mena, Amy Nunn
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a biomedical intervention that can reduce rates of HIV transmission when taken once daily by HIV-negative individuals. Little is understood about PrEP uptake and retention in care among the populations most heavily impacted by the HIV epidemic, particularly among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in the Deep South. Therefore, this study explored the structural, social, behavioral, and clinical factors that affect PrEP use and retention in care among YMSM in Jackson, Mississippi...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221849/restaurant-policies-and-practices-for-serving-raw-fish-in-minnesota
#2
Nicole Hedeen
The number of restaurants serving sushi within Minnesota is continuously increasing. The practices and protocols of serving raw fish are complex and require detailed planning to ensure that food served to patrons will not cause illness. Although the popularity of sushi is increasing, there is a lack of research on food safety issues pertaining to preparation of raw fish and sushi rice. To address this gap, the Minnesota Department of Health Environmental Health Specialists Network Food program collected descriptive data on restaurant practices and policies concerning the service of raw fish and sushi rice in 40 Minnesota restaurants...
October 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215609/zealactones-novel-natural-strigolactones-from-maize
#3
Tatsiana V Charnikhova, Katharina Gaus, Alexandre Lumbroso, Mark Sanders, Jean-Paul Vincken, Alain De Mesmaeker, Carolien P Ruyter-Spira, Claudio Screpanti, Harro J Bouwmeester
In the root exudate and root extracts of maize hybrid cv NK Falkone seven putative strigolactones were detected using UPLC-TQ-MS-MS. All seven compounds displayed MS-MS-fragmentation common for strigolactones and particularly the presence of a fragment of m/z 97 Da, which may indicate the presence of the so-called D-ring, suggests they are strigolactones. The levels of all these putative strigolactones increased upon phosphate starvation and decreased upon fluridone (carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitor) treatment, both of which are a common response for strigolactones...
February 15, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214391/correlates-of-willingness-to-initiate-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-and-anticipation-of-practicing-safer-drug-and-sex-related-behaviors-among-high-risk-drug-users-on-methadone-treatment
#4
Roman Shrestha, Pramila Karki, Frederick L Altice, Tania B Huedo-Medina, Jaimie P Meyer, Lynn Madden, Michael Copenhaver
BACKGROUND: Although people who use drugs (PWUD) are key populations recommended to receive pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to prevent HIV, few data are available to guide PrEP delivery in this underserved group. We therefore examined the willingness to initiate PrEP and the anticipation of HIV risk reduction while on PrEP among high-risk PWUD. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of 400 HIV-negative, opioid dependent persons enrolled in a methadone program and reporting recent risk behaviors, we examined independent correlates of being willing to initiate PrEP...
February 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209492/reproductive-considerations-in-the-setting-of-chronic-viral-illness
#5
REVIEW
Brent M Hanson, Jessie A Dorais
Special considerations must be taken when patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis B, or Hepatitis C desire to achieve pregnancy. Patients with chronic viral illnesses desire children at rates similar to the general population, and options are available to decrease both vertical transmission and viral transmission between partners. Preconception counseling or consultation with fertility specialists is imperative in patients with HIV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C so that reproductive goals can be addressed and optimized...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208119/hiv-prevention-opportunities-and-challenges
#6
Jeanne M Marrazzo
Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-based regimens has been shown to be effective in preventing acquisition of HIV infection, with protective efficacy being dependent on adherence to treatment. Data from the PROUD (Preexposure Option for Reducing HIV in the UK) and IPERGAY (Action to Prevent Risk Exposure By and For Gay Men) studies, the later of which employed event-driven PrEP, showed a high rate of protective efficacy of PrEP with TDF and emtricitabine among men who have sex with men...
December 2017: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193271/demographic-correlates-of-screen-time-and-objectively-measured-sedentary-time-and-physical-activity-among-toddlers-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Valerie Carson, Nicholas Kuzik
BACKGROUND: Determining the most important demographic correlates of sedentary behavior and physical activity will help identify the groups of children that are most in need of intervention. Little is known in regards to the demographic correlates of sedentary behavior and physical activity in toddlers (aged 12-35 months), where long-term behavioral patterns may initially be formed. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the associations between demographic correlates and specific types of sedentary behavior and physical activity in this age group...
February 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187084/uptake-of-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-in-a-national-cohort-of-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-the-united-states
#8
Jeffrey T Parsons, H Jonathon Rendina, Jonathan M Lassiter, Thomas H F Whitfield, Tyrel J Starks, Christian Grov
OBJECTIVES: The HIV care cascade provides milestones to track the progress of HIV-positive people from seroconversion through viral suppression. We propose a Motivational pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) Cascade involving 5 stages based on the Transtheoretical Model of Change. METHODS: We analyzed data from 995 men in One Thousand Strong, a longitudinal study of a national panel of HIV-negative gay and bisexual men in the United States. RESULTS: Nearly all (89%) participants were sexually active in the past 3 months and 65% met Centers for Disease Control criteria for PrEP candidacy...
1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185360/effect-of-environmental-impedance-surrounding-a-radiofrequency-ablation-catheter-electrode-on-lesion-characteristics
#9
Duy T Nguyen, Kianna Nguyen, Lijun Zheng, Joseph Schuller, Matthew Zipse, Wendy S Tzou, William H Sauer
INTRODUCTION: The electrical conductivity of the environment surrounding a catheter electrode may affect radiofrequency (RF) current. A higher impedance environment enveloping a catheter tip can be insulating and thus direct RF preferentially into targeted cardiac tissue. We sought to evaluate whether different environmental impedances will affect RF lesions. METHODS: An ex vivo model using bovine myocardium, load cell, and 4 mm ablation catheter was tested using a circulating bath of normal (0...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181334/pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-for-people-who-inject-drugs-reconciling-community-views-and-biomedical-advances
#10
Andy Guise, Eliot Ross Albers, Steffanie A Strathdee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180137/isolation-of-highly-pure-primary-mouse-alveolar-epithelial-type-ii-cells-by-flow-cytometric-cell-sorting
#11
Meenal Sinha, Clifford A Lowell
In this protocol, we describe the method for isolating highly pure primary alveolar epithelial type II (ATII) cells from lungs of naïve mice. The method combines negative selection for a variety of lineage markers along with positive selection for EpCAM, a pan-epithelial cell marker. This method yields 2-3 × 10(6) ATII cells per mouse lung. The cell preps are highly pure and viable and can be used for genomic or proteomic analyses or cultured ex vivo to understand their roles in various biological processes...
November 20, 2016: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176168/a-global-estimate-of-the-acceptability-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Peng Peng, Shu Su, Christopher K Fairley, Minjie Chu, Shengyang Jiang, Xun Zhuang, Lei Zhang
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a new biomedical intervention for HIV prevention. This study systematically reviews the acceptability of PrEP among men who have sex with men (MSM) worldwide. We searched major English databases to identify English-language articles published between July 2007 and July 2016, which reported the acceptability of PrEP and associated population characteristics. Meta-analysis was conducted to estimate a pooled acceptability, and meta-regression and subgroup analysis were used to analyse heterogeneities...
February 7, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173768/-bowel-prep-hyponatremia-a-state-of-acute-water-intoxication-facilitated-by-low-dietary-solute-intake-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Martin Windpessl, Christoph Schwarz, Manfred Wallner
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic hyponatremia is considered a rare complication of oral bowel preparation for colonoscopy. The pathophysiology underlying this phenomenon has been widely regarded as a mere sequela of excessive arginine vasopressin (AVP) release. CASE PRESENTATION: This case describes a 61-year old woman who developed acute hyponatremic encephalopathy when preparing for elective outpatient lower endoscopy. She had had negligible oral solute intake for two days and ingested four liters of clear fluid within two hours...
February 7, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171784/developmental-validation-of-the-miseq-fgx-forensic-genomics-system-for-targeted-next-generation-sequencing-in-forensic-dna-casework-and-database-laboratories
#14
Anne C Jäger, Michelle L Alvarez, Carey P Davis, Ernesto Guzmán, Yonmee Han, Lisa Way, Paulina Walichiewicz, David Silva, Nguyen Pham, Glorianna Caves, Jocelyne Bruand, Felix Schlesinger, Stephanie J K Pond, Joe Varlaro, Kathryn M Stephens, Cydne L Holt
Human DNA profiling using PCR at polymorphic short tandem repeat (STR) loci followed by capillary electrophoresis (CE) size separation and length-based allele typing has been the standard in the forensic community for over 20 years. Over the last decade, Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) matured rapidly, bringing modern advantages to forensic DNA analysis. The MiSeq FGx™ Forensic Genomics System, comprised of the ForenSeq™ DNA Signature Prep Kit, MiSeq FGx™ Reagent Kit, MiSeq FGx™ instrument and ForenSeq™ Universal Analysis Software, uses PCR to simultaneously amplify up to 231 forensic loci in a single multiplex reaction...
January 27, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170424/generational-analysis-of-trends-in-unprotected-sex-in-france-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-the-major-role-of-context-driven-evolving-patterns
#15
Nicolas Méthy, Laurence Meyer, Nathalie Bajos, Annie Velter
OBJECTIVE: Using a generational approach, this study analyses how unprotected anal intercourse has evolved since 1991 in France across different generations of men who have sex with men (MSM) whose sexual lives began at different periods in the history of the HIV epidemic. DESIGN: Data were collected from 18-59 year-old respondents to the French Gay Press surveys Enquêtes Presse Gay, conducted repeatedly between 1991 and 2011 (N = 32,196) using self-administered questionnaires distributed in gay magazines and over the internet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170304/hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-and-postexposure-prophylaxis-in-japan-context-of-use-and-directions-for-future-research-and-action
#16
Anthony S DiStefano, Makiko Takeda
Biomedical HIV prevention strategies are playing an increasingly prominent role in addressing HIV epidemics globally, but little is known about their use in Japan, where persistent HIV disparities and a recently stable, but not declining, national epidemic indicate the need for evolving approaches. We conducted an ethnographic study to determine the context of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) use and to identify directions for future research and action in Japan. We used data from observational fieldwork in the Kansai region and Tokyo Metropolitan Area (n = 178 persons observed), qualitative interviews (n = 32), documents and web-based data sources (n = 321), and email correspondences (n = 9) in the period 2013-2016...
February 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167151/validation-of-the-intuitive-eating-scale-for-pregnant-women
#17
Sajeevika Saumali Daundasekara, Anitra Danielle Beasley, Daniel Patrick O'Connor, McClain Sampson, Daphne Hernandez, Tracey Ledoux
Pre-pregnancy maladaptive eating behaviors have predicted inadequate or excess gestational weight gain and poor dietary intake during pregnancy, but little is known about effects of pre-pregnancy adaptive eating behaviors on pregnancy outcomes. The purpose of this study was to produce a valid and reliable measure of adaptive pre-pregnancy eating behaviors for pregnant women using the Intuitive Eating Scale. Data were collected from 266 pregnant women, aged 18 and older who were attending a private prenatal clinic at Texas Children's Hospital Pavilion for Women in Houston, TX using self-administered questionnaires...
February 3, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160221/simultaneous-detection-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-vessel-thrombus-by-using-spio-enhanced-b-tfe-with-the-t2-preparation-pulse-technique
#18
Masayuki Kanamoto, Tosiaki Miyati, Kazuki Terashima, Kei Katahira, Ryoji Ida, Daisaku Suga, Nobukazu Fuwa
The purpose of this study was to compare between superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-enhanced three-dimensional balanced turbo field-echo (B-TFE) sequence with T2 preparation pulse (T2 prep) and T2*-weighted imaging (T2*WI) for the simultaneous detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and vessel thrombus. For 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging, SPIO was administered to 23 patients with a portal or venous tumor thrombus, and B-TFE with T2 prep and T2*WI were acquired. Regions of interest in the B-TFE and T2*WI were selected for the tumor, liver, tumor thrombus, and vessels...
February 3, 2017: Radiological Physics and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157166/an-efficient-method-for-the-preparative-isolation-and-purification-of-flavonoid-glycosides-and-caffeoylquinic-acid-derivatives-from-leaves-of-lonicera-japonica-thunb-using-high-speed-counter-current-chromatography-hsccc-and-prep-hplc-guided-by-dpph-hplc-experiments
#19
Daijie Wang, Ning Du, Lei Wen, Heng Zhu, Feng Liu, Xiao Wang, Jinhua Du, Shengbo Li
In this work, the n-butanol extract from leaves of Lonicera japonica Thunb. (L. japonica) was reacted with DPPH and subjected to a HPLC analysis for the guided screening antioxidants (DPPH-HPLC experiments). Then, nine antioxidants, including flavonoid glycosides and caffeoylquinic acid derivatives, were isolated and purified from leaves of L. japonica using high speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) and prep-HPLC. The n-butanol extract was firstly isolated by HSCCC using methyl tert-butyl ether/n-butanol/acetonitrile/water (0...
February 2, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156119/minimally-invasive-all-ceramic-preparation-for-the-occlusal-face-the-v-preparation
#20
Michel Fages, Bertrand Bennasar, Jacques Raynal
A clinical case illustrates and explains step by step a minimally invasive molar occlusal surface preparation for all-ceramic bonded restoration. The sequential use of calibrated burs, following the specific procedure, systematically and quickly, provides a perfectly calibrated reduction of the occlusal face even for an inexperienced practitioner. This preparation increases the bonding surface and optimizes the accommodation of constraints that provides a more resistant reconstruction and favors the preservation of the vital tooth...
February 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
keyword
keyword
16156
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"