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Pharmacist intervention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430007/the-feasibility-and-impact-of-prospective-medication-review-in-the-emergency-department
#1
Billy Sin, Kwong Lau, Richard Tong, Josel Ruiz, Kimberly Sarosky, Robert DiGregorio, Shalom Butel, Sylvie de Souza
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the feasibility and impact of prospective medication review (PMR) in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of all nonadmitted ED patients who were prescribed medication orders by ED clinicians from September 2014 to September 2015 to determine the time intervals utilized during each step of the medication use process and quantify the number of interventions conducted by the pharmacist and cost avoidance accrued from the interventions...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427898/pharmacist-impact-on-pediatric-vaccination-errors-and-missed-opportunities-in-the-setting-of-clinical-decision-support
#2
Kelly A Wise, Sonya J Sebastian, Anna C Haas-Gehres, Melissa D Moore-Clingenpeel, Kristen E Lamberjack
OBJECTIVE: To determine pharmacist impact on vaccination errors and missed opportunities in the pediatric primary care setting with the presence of clinical decision support (CDS) by comparing a clinic with a pharmacist and CDS to a clinic with CDS alone. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review of patients' electronic medical records compared vaccination errors and missed opportunities between 2 pediatric primary care clinics. SETTING: Two urban, pediatric primary care clinics were selected for the study...
April 17, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420595/using-an-array-of-implementation-strategies-to-improve-success-rates-of-pharmacist-initiated-medication-therapy-management-services-in-community-pharmacies
#3
Rachel Stafford, Jeremy Thomas, Nalin Payakachat, Tiffany Diemer, Michele Lang, Brooke Kordsmeier, Geoffrey Curran
BACKGROUND: With the introduction of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Stars Measure program has come a greater expectation of Medication Therapy Management (MTM) services from community pharmacies. To meet the growing demand of these services, pharmacies have sought out various methods of engaging pharmacists to provide MTM. Barriers for completing MTM include inadequate time to complete the services, insufficient staffing, lack of sufficient compensation, billing difficulty, lack of interest among patients (including refusing MTM services when offered), inadequate training/experience, and lack of support from management...
April 8, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420395/characteristics-of-first-time-varenicline-users-a-cross-sectional-study-in-finnish-quitters
#4
Hanna E Tervonen, Juha H O Turunen, Christine L Baker, Juha Laine, Kari Linden
BACKGROUND: Varenicline is an efficacious medicine for smoking cessation (SC) but little is known about the characteristics of varenicline users. This study examined the characteristics of first-time (naïve) varenicline users in Finland and compared those who had previously used SC pharmacotherapy to those who were trying SC pharmacotherapy for the first time. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Finnish community pharmacies between February 2014 and January 2015...
April 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416498/deprescribing-anticholinergic-and-sedative-medicines-protocol-for-a-feasibility-trial-defeat-polypharmacy-in-residential-aged-care-facilities
#5
Nagham Ailabouni, Dee Mangin, Prasad S Nishtala
INTRODUCTION: Targeted deprescribing of anticholinergic and sedative medicines can lead to positive health outcomes in older people; as they have been associated with cognitive and physical functioning decline. This study will examine whether the proposed intervention is feasible at reducing the prescription of anticholinergic and sedative medicines in older people. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Interventional trials (SPIRIT checklist) was used to develop and report the protocol...
April 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416014/contraceptive-service-provider-imposed-restrictions-to-contraceptive-access-in-urban-nigeria
#6
Hilary M Schwandt, Ilene S Speizer, Meghan Corroon
BACKGROUND: Health service providers can restrict access to contraceptives through their own imposed biases about method appropriateness. In this study, provider biases toward contraceptive service provision among urban Nigerian providers was assessed. METHODS: Health providers working in health facilities, as well as pharmacists and patent medical vendors (PMV), in Abuja, Benin City, Ibadan, Ilorin, Kaduna, and Zaria, were surveyed in 2011 concerning their self-reported biases in service provision based on age, parity, and marital status...
April 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412054/community-pharmacy-transition-of-care-services-and-rural-hospital-readmissions-a-case-study
#7
Allison P Patton, Yifei Liu, D Matthew Hartwig, Justin R May, Jessica Moon, Steven C Stoner, Kendall D Guthrie
OBJECTIVES: To explore community pharmacist involvement in the transition of care (TOC) process for patients discharged with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), heart failure (HF), pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or elective total hip or knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA). SETTING: Patients discharged from a 60-bed acute care hospital located in rural Missouri were seen by a community pharmacist in 2 independent community pharmacy chain locations...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411014/impact-of-the-act-fast-stroke-campaign-delivered-by-student-pharmacists-on-the-primary-prevention-of-stroke
#8
Lucy Phan Vo, JoAnna Han Souksavong, Annie Tran, Janet Chang, Kajua B Lor
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of an Act FAST educational intervention performed by student pharmacists on knowledge of stroke recognition and management. DESIGN: Stroke preparedness and knowledge of primary prevention were assessed with the use of pre- and post-intervention surveys targeting community members at health fairs. The intervention was an Act FAST educational session with blood pressure and blood glucose screenings provided by student pharmacists...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408545/reducing-medical-admissions-into-hospital-through-optimising-medicines-remain-home-study-protocol-for-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-trial
#9
Holly Foot, Christopher Freeman, Karla Hemming, Ian Scott, Ian D Coombes, Ian D Williams, Luke Connelly, Jennifer A Whitty, Nancy Sturman, Sue Kirsa, Caroline Nicholson, Grant Russell, Carl Kirkpatrick, Neil Cottrell
INTRODUCTION: A model of general practitioner (GP) and pharmacist collaboration in primary care may be an effective strategy to reduce medication-related problems and provide better support to patients after discharge. The aim of this study is to investigate whether a model of structured pharmacist and GP care reduces hospital readmissions in high-risk patients. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This protocol details a stepped-wedge, cluster-randomised trial that will recruit participants over 9 months with a 12-month follow-up...
April 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403876/development-of-a-core-outcome-set-for-effectiveness-trials-aimed-at-optimising-prescribing-in-older-adults-in-care-homes
#10
Anna N Millar, Amrit Daffu-O'Reilly, Carmel M Hughes, David P Alldred, Garry Barton, Christine M Bond, James A Desborough, Phyo K Myint, Richard Holland, Fiona M Poland, David Wright
BACKGROUND: Prescribing medicines for older adults in care homes is known to be sub-optimal. Whilst trials testing interventions to optimise prescribing in this setting have been published, heterogeneity in outcome reporting has hindered comparison of interventions, thus limiting evidence synthesis. The aim of this study was to develop a core outcome set (COS), a list of outcomes which should be measured and reported, as a minimum, for all effectiveness trials involving optimising prescribing in care homes...
April 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403858/contraceptive-service-provider-imposed-restrictions-to-contraceptive-access-in-urban-nigeria
#11
Hilary M Schwandt, Ilene S Speizer, Meghan Corroon
BACKGROUND: Health service providers can restrict access to contraceptives through their own imposed biases about method appropriateness. In this study, provider biases toward contraceptive service provision among urban Nigerian providers was assessed. METHODS: Health providers working in health facilities, as well as pharmacists and patent medical vendors (PMV), in Abuja, Benin City, Ibadan, Ilorin, Kaduna, and Zaria, were surveyed in 2011 concerning their self-reported biases in service provision based on age, parity, and marital status...
April 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401136/patient-family-physician-and-community-pharmacist-perspectives-on-expanded-pharmacy-scope-of-practice-a-qualitative-study
#12
Maoliosa Donald, Kathryn King-Shier, Ross T Tsuyuki, Yazid N Al Hamarneh, Charlotte A Jones, Braden Manns, Marcello Tonelli, Wendy Tink, Nairne Scott-Douglas, Brenda R Hemmelgarn
BACKGROUND: The RxEACH trial was a randomized trial to evaluate the efficacy of community pharmacy-based case finding and intervention in patients at high risk for cardiovascular (CV) events. Community-dwelling patients with poorly controlled risk factors were identified and their CV risk reduced through patient education, prescribing and follow-up by their pharmacist. Perspectives of patients, family physicians and community pharmacists were obtained regarding pharmacists' identification and management of patients at high risk for CV events, to identify strategies to facilitate implementation of the pharmacist's expanded role in routine patient care...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399844/implementation-of-a-pragmatic-randomized-trial-of-screening-for-chronic-kidney-disease-to-improve-care-among-non-diabetic-hypertensive-veterans
#13
Carmen A Peralta, Martin Frigaard, Anna D Rubinsky, Leticia Rolon, Lowell Lo, Santhi Voora, Karen Seal, Delphine Tuot, Shirley Chao, Kimberly Lui, Phillip Chiao, Neil Powe, Michael Shlipak
BACKGROUND: Whether screening for chronic kidney disease (CKD) can improve the care of persons at high risk for complications remains uncertain. We describe the design and early implementation experience of a pilot, cluster-randomized pragmatic trial to evaluate the feasibility, implementation, and effectiveness of a "triple marker" CKD screening program (creatinine, cystatin C and albumin to creatinine ratio) for improving care among hypertensive veterans seen in primary care at one Veterans Administration Hospital...
April 12, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396187/collaborative-interventions-reduce-time-to-thrombolysis-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-a-public-safety-net-hospital
#14
Zachary D Threlkeld, Benjamin Kozak, David McCoy, Sara Cole, Christine Martin, Vineeta Singh
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Shorter time-to-thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is associated with improved functional outcome and reduced morbidity. We evaluate the effect of several interventions to reduce time-to-thrombolysis at an urban, public safety net hospital. METHODS: All patients treated with tissue plasminogen activator for AIS at our institution between 2008 and 2015 were included in a retrospective analysis of door-to-needle (DTN) time and associated factors...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395369/antibiotics-prescriptions-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-how-to-overcome-everyday-challenges
#15
D Donà, E Mozzo, V Mardegan, U Trafojer, P Lago, S Salvadori, E Baraldi, C Giaquinto
Antimicrobial prescriptions in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) represent a point of concern for the emergence of MDROs and for morbidity associated with prolonged antibiotic exposure (e.g., invasive candidiasis, necrotizing enterocolitis, and late-onset sepsis). Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) have shown to be a valuable tool for the prevention of resistance with the goals of optimizing clinical outcomes while decreasing unnecessary prescribing. The most frequent ASP strategies include the correct collection and interpretation of microbiological specimens, prescription of the narrowest-spectrum antibiotic appropriate for a particular case, and de-escalation or discontinuation of therapy in defined situations...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392925/antibiotic-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-albanian-health-care-professionals-and-patients-a-qualitative-interview-study
#16
Susanne Kaae, Admir Malaj, Iris Hoxha
BACKGROUND: The inappropriate use of antimicrobials is a problem worldwide. To target future interventions, a thorough understanding of the reasons behind this current behaviour is needed. Within the EU, the culture of antimicrobial use has been intensely studied, but this is not the case in non-EU southeastern European countries, despite the frequent use of (broad-spectrum) antibiotics (ABs) in this region. The aim of this study was to explore AB knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of health care professionals (HCPs) and patients in one southeastern European country, Albania...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391409/pharmacist-participation-in-hospital-ward-teams-and-hospital-readmission-rates-among-people-with-dementia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Maria Gustafsson, Maria Sjölander, Bettina Pfister, Jeanette Jonsson, Jörn Schneede, Hugo Lövheim
PURPOSE: To assess whether comprehensive medication reviews conducted by clinical pharmacists as part of a healthcare team reduce drug-related hospital readmission rates among people with dementia or cognitive impairment. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was carried out between January 9, 2012, and December 2, 2014. Patients aged ≥65 years with dementia or cognitive impairment admitted to three wards at two hospitals located in Northern Sweden were included...
April 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386274/do-face-to-face-training-and-telephonic-reminder-improve-dry-powder-inhaler-technique-in-patients-with-copd
#18
Ramesh Sharma Poudel, Shakti Shrestha, Pawan Bhatta, Rano Mal Piryani
Introduction. Current modes of instruction on inhaler technique are inadequate. We aimed to evaluate the value of face-to-face training and telephonic reminder (FFTTR) for improving Rotahaler technique in experienced patients with COPD. Materials and Methods. A single group pre-/postinterventional study was conducted at Chitwan Medical College Teaching Hospital, Nepal. We assessed the Rotahaler technique of thirty consecutive patients using Rotahaler device for more than one year. Patients with incorrect technique (n = 20) were instructed and trained by a pharmacist...
2017: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385023/impact-of-a-pharmacy-based-transitional-care-program-on-hospital-readmissions
#19
Weiyi Ni, Danielle Colayco, Jonathan Hashimoto, Kevin Komoto, Chandrakala Gowda, Bruce Wearda, Jeffrey McCombs
OBJECTIVES: Avoidable readmissions of patients discharged from hospitals are a major concern. This study evaluates the impact of pharmacist-provided postdischarge services on hospital readmissions for members of a US managed Medicaid health plan. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Synergy Pharmacy Solutions (SPS) initiated a transition of care (TOC) service for high-risk members of the Kern Health Systems (KHS) managed Medicaid plan...
March 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381896/establishment-and-implementation-of-a-required-medication-therapy-management-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience
#20
Wesley Nuffer, Eric Gilliam, Megan Thompson, Joseph Vande Griend
Objective. To develop a community pharmacy-based medication therapy management (MTM) advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) that provides students with skills and knowledge to deliver entry-level pharmacy MTM services. Design. The University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences (SSPPS) partnered with three community pharmacy chains to establish this three-week, required MTM APPE. Students completed the American Pharmacists Association MTM Certificate Course prior to entering the APPE...
March 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
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