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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630653/outcomes-associated-with-pharmacist-led-diabetes-collaborative-drug-therapy-management-in-a-medicaid-population
#1
Eman Biltaji, Minkyoung Yoo, Brandon T Jennings, Jennifer P Leiser, Carrie McAdam-Marx
OBJECTIVES: Pharmacist-led diabetes collaborative drug therapy management (CDTM) has been shown to improve outcomes. Whether such programs are effective specifically in Medicaid patients, who face barriers to access and self-management, has not been well characterized. This pilot study explores glycemic control, utilization and costs associated with pharmacist-led CDTM in a small population of Medicaid patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: A pre-post, historical cohort study was conducted of patients with T2DM and Medicaid coverage who received pharmacist-led CDTM in community-based primary clinics between 2008-2012...
March 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628392/potential-drug-drug-and-herb-drug-interactions-in-patients-with-cancer-a-prospective-study-of-medication-surveillance
#2
Allan Ramos-Esquivel, Álvaro Víquez-Jaikel, Cristina Fernández
PURPOSE: Patients with cancer frequently use herbal supplements and concomitant medications along with antineoplastic agents. These patients are at high risk of herb-drug interactions (HDIs) and drug-drug interactions (DDIs). We aimed to determine clinically relevant DDIs and HDIs leading to pharmaceutical intervention. METHODS: Patients starting a new anticancer therapy were asked to complete a questionnaire to identify concomitant use of any over-the-counter drug or herbal supplement...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626509/academic-detailing-has-a-positive-effect-on-prescribing-and-decreasing-prescription-drug-costs-a-health-plan-s-perspective
#3
Uche Anadu Ndefo, Rolicia Norman, Andrea Henry
BACKGROUND: When initiated by a health plan, academic detailing can be used to change prescribing practices, which can lead to increased safety and savings. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of academic detailing on prescribing and prescription drug costs of cefixime to a health plan. METHODS: A prospective intervention study was carried out that evaluated the prescribing practices and prescription drug costs of cefixime. A total of 11 prescribers were detailed by 1 pharmacist between August 2014 and March 2015...
May 2017: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622997/effect-of-pharmacist-intervention-on-improving-antidepressant-medication-adherence-and-depression-symptomology-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Kevin C Readdean, Albert J Heuer, J Scott Parrott
BACKGROUND: Depression is a widespread disease with effective pharmacological treatments, but low medication adherence. Pharmacists play a key role in supporting medication adherence in patients with depression given their accessibility to patients. PURPOSE: The aim of this review was to systematically evaluate the impact of pharmacist interventions on adherence to antidepressants and clinical symptomology among adult outpatients with depressive disorders. METHODS: A systematic review of controlled trials (both randomized and non-randomized) was conducted...
May 22, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622739/impact-of-a-collaborative-strategy-to-reduce-the-inappropriate-use-of-acid-suppressive-therapy-in-non-intensive-care-unit-patients
#5
Kristen D Belfield, Arpi G Kuyumjian, Rafael Teran, Mariette Amadi, Melissa Blatt, Keri Bicking
BACKGROUND: Stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) is inappropriately prescribed in more than 30% of non-intensive care unit (ICU) patients, leading to unnecessary adverse events as well as increases in economic burden. OBJECTIVE: There was an increasing trend in the prophylactic use of acid suppressive therapy (AST) in non-critically ill patients at our institution, which prompted this initiative aimed at reducing the inappropriate use of AST in non-ICU patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective interventional study that consisted of formulation of a guideline, education to the hospitalist service, and intervention by clinical pharmacists...
July 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622401/impact-of-a-pharmacist-conducted-educational-program-on-human-papilloma-virus-vaccination-rates-in-a-low-socioeconomic-population-in-the-city-of-lares-pr
#6
Edda Marie Jiménez-Quiñones, Kyle Melin, Francisco Javier Jiménez-Ramírez
OBJECTIVE: To observe whether local vaccination rates are improved by a patient and physician education program on the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine in Farmacia San José, Lares. According to the Puerto Rico Immunization Registry, the HPV vaccine is currently underutilized. METHODS: Patients within the ages of 18 and 26 years who are current patients of Farmacia San José were contacted by phone and approached in person at the pharmacy. Once contacted, patients were provided with educational materials and counseling regarding the risks and benefits of HPV vaccination...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617022/reducing-hospital-readmission-through-team-based-primary-care-a-7-week-pilot-study-integrating-behavioral-health-and-pharmacy
#7
Lauren N DeCaporale-Ryan, Nabila Ahmed-Sarwar, Robbyn Upham, Karen Mahler, Katie Lashway
INTRODUCTION: A team-based service delivery model was applied to provide patients with biopsychosocial care following hospital discharge to reduce hospital readmission. Most previous interventions focused on transitions of care occurred in the inpatient setting with attention to predischarge strategies. These interventions have not considered psychosocial stressors, and few have explored management in primary care settings. METHOD: A 7-week team-based service delivery model was implemented in a family medicine practice emphasizing a biopsychosocial approach...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616435/impact-of-pharmacist-intervention-on-appropriate-insulin-pen-use-in-older-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-rural-area-in-iran
#8
Aida Sefidani Forough, Parsa Riazi Esfahani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of pharmacist-conducted educational intervention on reducing errors related to inappropriate insulin pen use. METHODS: This was a prospective, before-after study with an educational intervention component. The study was conducted on 122 elderly diabetic patients. Data were collected through interviews using researcher-administered questionnaires as well as patients' medical records. Patients were asked about the preparation, injection, and storage techniques, they followed when using insulin pens...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616434/developing-an-economic-case-of-clinical-pharmacists-interventions-on-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-through-service-evaluation
#9
Eun Hee Lee, Victoria Bray, Robert Horne
OBJECTIVE: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) has become a huge health problem as well as a financial burden for the National Health Service. The objective of this study was to characterize current practice of VTE prophylaxis (VTEP) and evaluate the economic impact of clinical pharmacists' interventions (CPIs) on VTEP. METHODS: A prospective service evaluation was conducted in a medical and surgical ward at a tertiary teaching hospital in London from 23 May to 08 June 2016...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615021/general-perception-and-self-practice-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-among-undergraduate-pharmacy-students-of-bangladesh
#10
Bijoy Laxmi Saha, Md Omar Reza Seam, Md Mainul Islam, Abhijit Das, Sayed Koushik Ahamed, Palash Karmakar, Md Fokhrul Islam, Sukalyan Kumar Kundu
BACKGROUND: Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is a combination of herbal medicine, traditional therapies, and mind-body intervention. This descriptive study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitudes, perception and self-use of CAM among Bangladeshi undergraduate pharmacy students. The study also evaluated their opinions about its integration into the pharmacy course curriculum. METHODS: It was a cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study conducted on 250 pharmacy students of five reputed public universities of Bangladesh...
June 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610942/evaluation-of-a-pharmacist-managed-electrolyte-protocol-in-outpatients-on-antiarrhythmic-medications
#11
Victor P Long Iii, Cynthia A Carnes, Jonathan Vecchiet, Mahmoud Houmsse, Andrea Hirsch, Melissa J Snider
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a pharmacist-managed treatment protocol in achieving and maintaining serum potassium level ([K(+)]) in the desired range. SETTING: Antiarrhythmic Medications Clinic, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, from 2009 to 2013. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Patients are referred for antiarrhythmic monitoring at this pharmacist-run, electrophysiologist-supervised clinic. Each visit includes medication reconciliation for drug interaction identification, patient interview for potential adverse effects or arrhythmia symptoms, patient education, and drug therapy monitoring through ordering and review of objective testing...
June 10, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607668/future-perspectives-on-nonmedical-prescribing
#12
REVIEW
Derek Stewart, Tesnime Jebara, Scott Cunningham, Ahmed Awaisu, Abdulrouf Pallivalapila, Katie MacLure
Many countries have implemented nonmedical prescribing (NMP) and many others are scoping prescribing practices with a view to developing NMP. This paper provides a future perspective on NMP in light of findings of an umbrella review of aspects of NMP. This is followed by coverage of the Scottish Government strategy of pharmacist prescribing and finally, consideration of two key challenges. The review identified seven systematic reviews of influences on prescribing decision-making, processes of prescribing, and barriers and facilitators to implementation...
June 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605452/optimizing-preoperative-prophylaxis-in-patients-with-reported-%C3%AE-lactam-allergy-a-novel-extension-of-antimicrobial-stewardship
#13
Alon Vaisman, Janine McCready, Sandy Hicks, Jeff Powis
Background: Use of alternative second-line antibiotics is associated with adverse events in patients reporting β-lactam allergy. In the perioperative setting, we hypothesized that structured allergy histories, without the use of skin testing, can reduce alternative prophylactic antibiotic use. Objectives: Assess the impact of structured allergy histories on patients with self-reported β-lactam allergy (SRBA) undergoing elective surgical procedures. Methods: Structured allergy histories were performed by a pharmacist and reviewed with an infectious diseases physician...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600197/dissemination-and-implementation-sciences-in-pharmacy-a-call-to-action-for-professional-organizations
#14
Terry L Seaton
There is a substantial gap between the generation of new knowledge and its widespread incorporation into routine clinical practice, including the medication use process. Principles of dissemination and implementation sciences, if fully embraced by clinicians and researchers, have the potential of improving healthcare effectiveness, efficiency, quality, and safety. This commentary is a call to action for member-driven professional organizations in pharmacy to serve their members and the profession by proactively and strategically leading efforts to develop pharmacist's abilities to incorporate principles of dissemination and implementation sciences into their practice...
June 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597531/attitudes-in-australia-on-the-upscheduling-of-over-the-counter-codeine-to-a-prescription-only-medication
#15
Jacqui McCoy, Raimondo Bruno, Suzanne Nielsen
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: In December 2016, the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration announced that over-the-counter (OTC) codeine would be available by prescription-only in February 2018. Prior to this announcement, the authors aimed to evaluate attitudes among Australian codeine consumers, pharmacists and general medical practitioners (GP) towards the proposed upscheduling of OTC codeine. DESIGN AND METHODS: Public Therapeutic Goods Administration submissions on codeine upscheduling were assessed, and a brief questionnaire was developed to assess the common issues raised...
June 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597176/self-management-research-of-asthma-and-good-drug-use-smaragd-study-a-pilot-trial
#16
Esther Kuipers, Michel Wensing, Peter de Smet, Martina Teichert
Background Community pharmacists play an important role in supporting patients for optimal drug use. Objective To assess the effectiveness of monitoring in asthma patients with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) on disease control. Setting Asthma patients using ICS were invited from two intervention (IG) and two control pharmacies (CG). Method Participating patients completed questionnaires at the study start and at 6-month follow-up, including the Control of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma Test (CARAT) questionnaire...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597173/problems-interventions-and-their-outcomes-during-the-routine-work-of-hospital-pharmacists-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#17
Gordana Ljubojević, Branislava Miljković, Tatjana Bućma, Milica Ćulafić, Milica Prostran, Sandra Vezmar Kovačević
Background In the last 30 years, activities of hospital pharmacists have gone through significant changes. Pharmacists are increasingly involved in patient care. Objectives To explore drug-related and logistic problems, interventions, and their outcomes during routine everyday work of hospital pharmacists. Setting Institute for physical medicine and rehabilitation, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Methods In the period of January 2013-October 2015 a prospective observational study was performed. Medical doctors, nurses, therapists, and patients addressed pharmacists, face-to-face or by telephone, with drug-related problems (DRPs) and/or logistic issues...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592007/-effect-of-the-use-of-antibiotics-controlled-by-clinical-pharmacist-in-patients-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#18
Y Liu, C X Gong, D Wu, X L Wang
Objective: To analyze the effect of the use of antibiotics intervened by clinical pharmacist in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) patients. Method: This was a prospective clinical study with a historical control group.The group 1 was the control group which was not intervened for antibiotics use from January 2010 to November 2012. The group 2 was the intervention group treated from December 2012 to June 2016. Group 1 was divided into group 1a which included newly-onset diabetes patients and group 1b which included long standing diabetes patients...
June 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587644/current-and-future-perspectives-on-the-management-of-polypharmacy
#19
Mariam Molokhia, Azeem Majeed
BACKGROUND: Because of ageing populations, the growth in the number of people with multi-morbidity and greater compliance with disease-specific guidelines, polypharmacy is becoming increasingly common. Although the correct drug treatment in patients with complex medical problems can improve clinical outcomes, quality of life and life expectancy, polypharmacy is also associated with an increased risk of adverse drug events, some severe enough to result in hospital admission and even death...
June 6, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583302/implementation-of-a-mental-health-medication-management-intervention-in-australian-community-pharmacies-facilitators-and-challenges
#20
H Laetitia Hattingh, Fiona Kelly, Jane Fowler, Amanda J Wheeler
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists are in an ideal position to promote and provide mental health medication management services. However, formalised or structured pharmacy services to support consumers with mental health conditions are scarce. Australian mental health consumers indicated a need for targeted community pharmacy mental health services which presented an opportunity to develop an intervention that were integrated with remunerated professional services. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to pilot a mental health medication management intervention in Australian community pharmacies...
May 29, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
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