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Hyeon-A Kim, Hyo-Rim Suh, Ben Kang, Byung-Ho Choe
The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is rapidly increasing worldwide. Indigo naturalis is known to have an antiinflammatory effect. Indigo naturalis has been traditionally used in the treatment of IBD in China and Japan. Currently, it is used as a primary or adjunctive drug in patients with ulcerative colitis. There are some reports of the effects of indigo naturalis when used in patients with ulcerative colitis. However, its usage has been associated with adverse events, including liver dysfunction, headache, gastrointestinal disturbance, and pulmonary hypertension...
October 16, 2018: Intestinal Research
Leticia Burton, Gregory L. Falk, Stephen Parsons, Mel Cusi, Hans Van Der Wall
Objectives: Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is both common and troubling with a prevalence of 20-40%. We assessed the utility of a scintigraphic reflux study to evaluate the oesophageal and extra-oesophageal manifestation of disease compared to the standard tests such as pH monitoring and manometry. Methods: Patients were recruited into a prospective database of referrals to a tertiary referral center for either resistance to maximal medical therapy or extra-oesophageal symptoms of GORD...
October 9, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy
H Zheng
Qu Yongqiu() was one of the first-generation western medicine doctors in China's recent history. He had ever been in charge of the affairs of Beiyang Medical School and Tianjin Health Bureau, which had made significant contributions to medical enterprise, medical education and epidemic prevention, etc. He had also treated several important politicians, and witnessed the death of Guangxu() Emperor and Yuan Shikai(), and other historical events. Through making some research, the author analyzed the differences aspects of his career recorded in different literatures...
May 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
J Q Li, Y C Li
A large number of secret recipes, verified recipes and efficacious-tested recipes were the product of "Presenting Recipes Movement" in the 1950s. The recipes of dermatosis were important component part in presenting recipes, and accounted for 14.5% of the total number of articles in 8 kinds of journals of TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine). This essay analyzed the dermatosis recipes presented as cases, and compared them with other literatures, found that these recipes were accumulated of the clinical experiences and have good efficacious cures...
May 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
Y Ye, Q Zhang, Y L Ren, J M Li
The compilation of medical bamboo slips, which are excavated from a Han dynasty tomb in Laoguanshan(Mount. Laoguan), has two manuscripts: ' Zhu Bing Ⅰ(cases study Ⅰ)'and ' Zhu Bing Ⅱ(cases study Ⅱ)'. ' Zhu Bing Ⅰ'mainly discussed the pathogenic factor "wind" and "wind diseases" . It also analyzed the features of pathogenic factor "wind" . It classified the "wind diseases" into 17 kinds from 4 point views, and documented the symptoms of 17 kinds of "wind disease" ...
May 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
J W Li, H C Nong
Li jingwei() reviewed his 60 years of medical history research. In 1955, he was transferred to the class of the study of Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) by western medicine doctor, and start the research of medical history. He stayed in the medical history departement as a researcher, and formally worship Chen Bangxian() as his tutor. He inherited and developed Chen Bangxian's scholarship; presided over the compilation of major projects such as "the general history of Chinese medicine" and "the dictionary of traditional Chinese medicine" , He contributed to the establishment of China Institute for History of Medicine and Medical Literature, the resumption of Chinese Society of Medical History(one of Chinese Medical Association's specialty societies), reissue of Chinese journal of medical history , the establishment of the Chinese medical history museum, training of medical history literature personnel, the regularization of academic discipline...
May 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
Q F Xiao, Y Y Lu, C M Meng, W H Qin
Objective: To assess psychological acceptance and occupational stress of medical staff, analyze the relationship among personality, psychological acceptance and occupational stress and discuss the direct or indirect effects of personality to occupational stress. Methods: The gaseous four kinds of carboxylic acids in the workplace air were simultaneously collected by silica gel tube, and then desorbed by deionized water and eluted by ion chromatograph. The the content was detected by conductivity detector. Results: The linear relationship was good in the concentration range of about 0~140 mg/L...
August 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
X Q Ji, C H Zhu, H Y Song
Objective: To understand the healthy status of radiation workers on the staff in Nanjing, and to analysis the relationship between abnormal crystalline lens and its influencing factors. Methods: We described physical indicators including blood pressure (BP) 、blood sugar (BG) 、thyroid B ultrasound、crystalline lens、chromosome and so on among 3 349 radiation workers on the staff in the year 2016 from Jan 1 to Dec 31, and the abnormal results of crystalline lens were analyzed statistically. Results: The rate of abnormal BP、BG、WBC、Thyroid B ultrasound、crystalline lens was 19...
August 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
L Li, X Geng, R Han, J L Men, B Zhang, S S Li, Z H Zhang
Objective: To put forward the suggestion of the occupational contact limit of tributyl phosphate in the air of the workplace. Methods: Data of production and usage, workers' basic information, occupational history, and physical examinations were collected, and the environmental and individual levels of exposure were monitored using fixed-point and individual sampling. The results of the questionnaire and health examination were statistically analyzed using exact probability method of Fisher in the workers exposed to tributyl phosphate and the control group...
August 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Z C Li, K Wang, X Y Zhu, J L Du
Objective: To understand the relationship between perceived social support, psychological capital and job satisfaction, and analyze the mediating effect of psychological capital between perceived social support and job satisfaction. Methods: In 2017, June to July, we use cluster random sampling method to evaluate 888 medical staff from 5 hospitals in Jinan and Yantai in Shandong provience by Perceived Social Support Scale、PsyCap Questionnaire and MinnesotaSatisfaction Questionnaire. Results: Correlation analysis showed that perceived social support was significantly positively correlated with self-efficacy, hope, resilience, optimism and job satisfaction ( r =0...
August 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
W D Liu, H B Zhou, H P Hu
The application of artificial intelligence is developing rapidly in various fields with the improvement of computing power, big data processing, and diversity of algorithms. It has a great potential value in the field of medical and healthcare, especially in the field of cancer diagnosis and treatment. In addition, it can analyze a large amount of data, information, and knowledge instantaneously. Therefore, it serves as a powerful tool for doctors to make the best treatment decisions. Notably, the development of science and technology truly transform into the actual interests of patients...
August 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
(no author information available yet)
End-stage liver disease (ESLD) is a life threaten clinical syndrome with significantly increasing mortality when patients complicated with infections. For patients with ESLD, infections can induce or aggravate the occurrence of liver decompensation. In turn, infections are among the most common complications under, disease progression. There is lacking of working procedures for early diagnosis and appropriate management for patients of ESLD complicated with infections, neither guidelines nor consensus at home and abroad...
August 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
(no author information available yet)
Approved direct-acting antiviral agents (DAA ) in chronic hepatitis C were introduced. Metabolism and pharmacokinetics data of DAAs were analyzed. Comorbidity and concomitant medications of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients were extracted from Chinese Health Insurance database. Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) were calculated by integrated above data and confirmed by using Liverpool DDI website. Based on those data, experts propose consensus on management of drug-drug interaction with direct-acting antiviral agents in chronic hepatitis C, including pre-treatment, on-treatment, and post-treatment...
July 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
B Liu, Y X Zhang, W H Zhang, Y P Han, J Li
Objective: To analyze the changing trends in etiologies of hospitalized patients with liver disease and provide clinical basis for the formulation of medical policy. Methods: Patients who were hospitalized in the Department of Infectious Diseases from 2006 to 2014 were selected as the research subjects. Data of patients with liver diseases were retrospectively analyzed to determine the proportion of main causes of infection, the proportion of different viral infections in viral hepatitis, and the changing trends in proportion of hepatitis B in different age groups...
June 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
A Liu, W Xu, H Xu, Y Wang, H L Zhao, J C Sha, Y M Gu
Objective: To explore the clinical value of 3D-DSA technology in the diagnosis and treatment guidance of hepatic artery chemoembolization. Methods: Liver cancer patients in the treatment groups were collected to receive 3D-DSA imaging guidance at the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University between March and May 2017. In addition, routine 2D-DSA imaging was selected for treatment-received group. Intra-operative blood vessels and tumor-like lesions were observed. The total exposure dose (CAK, unit mGy), cumulative irradiation intensity per unit area (DAP, unit mGy...
June 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
L Gong, J P Shi
Currently, there is no randomized controlled clinical trial of immunoglobulin (Ig) G4-related diseases in the world. Therefore, the best-known evidence-based medical treatment plan for this disorder is unavailable. The goal of IgG4-related hepatobiliary diseases treatment is to alleviate symptoms, prevent disease-related complications and fibrosis progression. A definite diagnosis is warranted before treatment. Hormonal therapy has become the basis of induction of remission in IgG4-related hepatobiliary disease...
June 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Y Shi, Z P Ma, W L Cui, X L Pang, W Zhang, Y Q Ma
Objective: To compare different specimen types of lung adenocarcinoma in the detection of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene and to correlate EGFR mutations with patient clinical features. Methods: One hundred lung adenocarcinoma cases were collected from June to December in 2015, at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University.Of the 100 lung adenocarcinoma samples, 43 were male and 57 were female. The age was from 40 to 88 years old, and the average age was 66 years. One hundred lung adenocarcinoma cases were divided equally into two groups...
October 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Y Li, H Q Luo, D Wu, X W Xue, Y F Luo, Y M Xiao, J Chen, W X Zhou
Objective: To analyze the clinical and pathological features of Cronkhite-Canada syndrome (CCS), and to investigate the significance of IgG4 positive plasma cell infiltration. Methods: Clinical presentations, endoscopic appearances and morphological features of 18 patients diagnosed with CCS at Peking Union Medical College Hospital during 2000-2016 were included in the study.There were 11 male and 7 female patients. IgG4 and IgG immunohistochemical stains were performed in total of 55 biopsies from the patients (36 polyps, 10 adenoma and 9 surrounding mucosa) and a control group of 58 cases (19 colonic mucosa, 7 colonic hyperplastic polyps, 9 inflammatory bowel disease and 23 adenoma)...
October 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Manuel Silva, Joana Ferreira, Sandrina Braga, A Duarte-de-Araújo, João Simões, Celso Carrilho, Amílcar Mesquita
INTRODUCTION: The association of the abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) to the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is questionable. Both entities share the same risk factors and physiopathology, which is based on a persistent pro- -inflammatory response, proteolysis and excessive extracellular matrix turnover. OBJECTIVES: To determine the AAA prevalence in a sample of patients with COPD. METHODS: Identification of patients with COPD and abdominal CT, hospitalized in a level 2 hospital between January 2015 and December 2016...
January 2018: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
Diogo Rijo
Euthanasia has been discussed since Antiquity. Euthanasia and assisted suicide should be considered under the term "euthanasia" and under the same definition of "active and intentional death on demand of the patient, due to administration of medication, resulting from the decision of the physician, being independent of the executor", before being suithanasia, where the administration of medication was performed by the patient, or homothanasia, in the case of the doctor. The designations direct, active and voluntary, currently related to euthanasia should fall into disuse, because it assumes various kinds, of what is false...
January 2018: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
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