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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335194/palestinian-children-s-narratives-about-living-with-spina-bifida-stigma-vulnerability-and-social-exclusion
#1
Maha Sudki Nahal, Åsa B Axelsson, Asma Imam, Helena Wigert
BACKGROUND: Living with spina bifida in Palestine is a critical issue that might influence various aspects of the individual's life. It is a challenge for children, their families, and health care providers since it requires lifelong treatment and follow-up of care provision. However, little focus has been placed on these children's perceptions about their daily life experiences with spina bifida. PURPOSE: To illuminate the lived experience of children with spina bifida in the West Bank, Palestine...
October 18, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334758/learning-converged-propagations-with-deep-prior-ensemble-for-image-enhancement
#2
Risheng Liu, Long Ma, Yiyang Wang, Lei Zhang
Enhancing visual qualities of images plays very important roles in various vision and learning applications. In the past few years, both knowledge-driven maximum a posterior (MAP) with prior modelings and fully data-dependent convolutional neural network (CNN) techniques have been investigated to address specific enhancement tasks. In this paper, by exploiting the advantages of these two types of mechanisms within a complementary propagation perspective, we propose a unified framework, named deep prior ensemble (DPE), for solving various image enhancement tasks...
October 15, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334655/should-machines-express-sympathy-and-empathy-experiments-with-a-health-advice-chatbot
#3
Bingjie Liu, S Shyam Sundar
When we ask a chatbot for advice about a personal problem, should it simply provide informational support and refrain from offering emotional support? Or, should it show sympathy and empathize with our situation? Although expression of caring and understanding is valued in supportive human communications, do we want the same from a chatbot, or do we simply reject it due to its artificiality and uncanniness? To answer this question, we conducted two experiments with a chatbot providing online medical information advice about a sensitive personal issue...
October 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334320/women-s-perceptions-of-prenatal-influences-on-maternal-confidence-for-physiologic-birth
#4
Melissa D Avery, Carrie E Neerland, Melissa A Saftner
INTRODUCTION: A physiologic approach to labor and birth is preferred for most women. The United States spends more on birth than any other country. Cesarean rates are currently 32%, and approximately 23% of women with a singleton pregnancy experience induction or augmentation of labor. Most physiologic birth research has focused on care during labor and birth. The purpose of this study was to describe women's perceptions of the care processes, support, and information received during pregnancy that helped them feel confident for physiologic labor and birth...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334282/tactile-chemomechanical-transduction-based-on-an-elastic-microstructured-array-to-enhance-the-sensitivity-of-portable-biosensors
#5
Ting Wang, Dianpeng Qi, Hui Yang, Zhiyuan Liu, Ming Wang, Wan Ru Leow, Geng Chen, Jiancan Yu, Ke He, Hongwei Cheng, Yun-Long Wu, Han Zhang, Xiaodong Chen
Tactile sensors capable of perceiving biophysical signals such as force, pressure, or strain have attracted extensive interest for versatile applications in electronic skin, noninvasive healthcare, and biomimetic prostheses. Despite these great achievements, they are still incapable of detecting bio/chemical signals that provide even more meaningful and precise health information due to the lack of efficient transduction principles. Herein, a tactile chemomechanical transduction strategy that enables the tactile sensor to perceive bio/chemical signals is proposed...
October 17, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334224/synaptic-plasticity-and-synchrony-in-the-anterior-cingulate-cortex-circuitry-a-neural-network-approach-to-causality-of-chronic-visceral-pain-and-associated-cognitive-deficits
#6
Ying Li
Human brain imaging studies have demonstrated the importance of cortical neuronal networks in the perception of pain in patients with functional bowel disease such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).Studies have identified an enhanced response in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) to colorectal distension in viscerally hypersensitive (VH) rats. Electrophysiological recordings show long-lasting potentiation of local field potential (LFP) in the medial thalamus (MT)-ACC synapses in VH rats. Theta burst stimulation in the MT reliably induced long-term potentiation (LTP) in the MT-ACC pathway in normal rats, but was occluded in the VH state...
2018: Advances in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30333773/anthropomorphic-design-emotional-perception-for-deformable-object
#7
Jung Min Lee, Jongsoo Baek, Da Young Ju
Despite the increasing number of studies on user experience (UX) and user interfaces (UI), few studies have examined emotional interaction between humans and deformable objects. In the current study, we investigated how the anthropomorphic design of a flexible display interacts with emotion. For 101 unique 3D images in which an object was bent at different axes, 281 participants were asked to report how strongly the object evoked five elemental emotions (e.g., happiness, disgust, anger, fear, and sadness) in an online survey...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30333688/access-based-services-for-the-base-of-the-pyramid
#8
Tobias Schaefers, Roger Moser, Gopalakrishnan Narayanamurthy
One key challenge for consumers at the base of the pyramid (BoP) is access to products that could transform their livelihood, leading to nonconsumption as the dominant pattern. Previous studies have claimed that nonconsumption could be addressed with services offering access to goods without ownership. Drawing on expected utility theory, we conduct two experimental studies in rural India that provide the first empirical support for the idea that the availability of access-based services reduces nonconsumption at the BoP...
November 2018: Journal of Service Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30333221/decision-support-and-navigation-to-increase-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-hispanic-patients
#9
Ronald E Myers, Brian Stello, Constantine Daskalakis, Randa Sifri, Evelyn T Gonzalez, Melissa DiCarlo, Melanie B Johnson, Sarah E Hegarty, Kyle Shaak, Alicia Rivera, Lucas Gordils-Molina, Anett Petrich, Beth Careyva, Rosa de-Ortiz, Liselly Diaz
BACKGROUND: Effective strategies are needed to raise colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates among Hispanics Methods: We surveyed and randomized 400 Hispanic primary care patients either to a Decision Support and Navigation Intervention (DSNI) Group (n=197) or a Standard Intervention (SI) Group (n=203). Both groups received a CRC screening kit (bilingual informational booklet, fecal immunochemical stool blood test (SBT), and colonoscopy screening instructions). The DSNI Group received a telephone contact from a patient navigator...
October 17, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30333021/psychometric-properties-of-the-norwegian-version-of-the-hospital-survey-on-patient-safety-culture-in-a-prehospital-environment
#10
Leif Inge K Sørskår, Eirik B Abrahamsen, Espen Olsen, Stephen J M Sollid, Håkon B Abrahamsen
BACKGROUND: To develop a culture of patient safety in a regime that strongly focuses on saving patients from emergencies may seem counter-intuitive and challenging. Little research exists on patient safety culture in the context of Emergency Medical Services (EMS), and the use of survey tools represents an appropriate approach to improve patient safety. Research indicates that safety climate studies may predict safety behavior and safety-related outcomes. In this study we apply the Norwegian versions of Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPSC) and assess the psychometric properties when tested on a national sample from the EMS...
October 17, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332930/exertional-dyspnea-in-childhood-is-there-an-iceberg-beneath-the-apex
#11
Paolo T Pianosi
This essay expounds on fundamental, quantitative elements of the exercise ventilation in children, which was the subject of the Tom Rowland Lecture given at the NASPEM 2018 Conference. Our knowledge about how much ventilation rises during aerobic exercise is reasonably solid; our understanding of its governance is a work in progress, but our grasp of dyspnea and ventilatory limitation in children (if it occurs) remains embryonic. This manuscript summarizes ventilatory mechanics during dynamic exercise, then proceeds to outline our current understanding of mechanisms of dyspnea, particularly during exercise (exertional dyspnea)...
October 17, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332915/cochlear-implantation-in-children-with-auditory-neuropathy-lessons-from-brown-vialetto-van-laere-syndrome
#12
Phoebe Anderson, Simone Schaefer, Lise Henderson, Iain A Bruce
OBJECTIVE: Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome (BVVL) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder associated with auditory neuropathy (AN). The decision process for CI in AN is evolving with increasing evidence of efficacy. We evaluated the benefit of CI in children with BVVL syndrome. METHODS: A retrospective study reviewed the pre- and post-operative hearing outcomes of three patients with BVVL who presented for CI. A fourth patient with BVVL who was not suitable for CI is also discussed...
October 18, 2018: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332820/ambient-temperature-responsive-mechanisms-coordinate-regulation-of-flowering-time
#13
REVIEW
Hendry Susila, Zeeshan Nasim, Ji Hoon Ahn
In plants, environmental conditions such as temperature affect survival, growth, and fitness, particularly during key stages such as seedling growth and reproduction. To survive and thrive in changing conditions, plants have evolved adaptive responses that tightly regulate developmental processes such as hypocotyl elongation and flowering time in response to environmental temperature changes. Increases in temperature, coupled with increasing fluctuations in local climate and weather, severely affect our agricultural systems; therefore, understanding the mechanisms by which plants perceive and respond to temperature is critical for agricultural sustainability...
October 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332480/paramedics-perceptions-of-the-care-they-provide-to-people-who-self-harm-a-qualitative-study-using-evolved-grounded-theory-methodology
#14
Nigel Rees, Alison Porter, Frances Rapport, Sarah Hughes, Ann John
BACKGROUND: Self-harm (SH) accounts for over 5% of the workload of emergency ambulance services, and therefore Paramedics are often the first health professional in contact with people who SH. The authors of this paper have reported elsewhere the significant gaps in our understandings which exist surrounding this early care interaction, and some of the challenges paramedics and opportunities in paramedic care for people who SH. This study aimed to explore paramedics' perceptions of caring for those who SH using Evolved Grounded Theory Methodology...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332421/what-motivates-ebola-survivors-to-donate-plasma-during-an-emergency-clinical-trial-the-case-of-ebola-tx-in-guinea
#15
Maya Ronse, Almudena Marí Sáez, Charlotte Gryseels, Melanie Bannister-Tyrrell, Alexandre Delamou, Alain Guillard, Mustapha Briki, Frédéric Bigey, Nyankoye Haba, Johan van Griensven, Koen Peeters Grietens
INTRODUCTION: During the 2014 Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic, the Ebola-Tx trial evaluated the use of convalescent plasma (CP) in Guinea. The effectiveness of plasmapheresis trials depends on the recruitment of plasma donors. This paper describes what motivated or deterred EVD survivors to donate CP, providing insights for future plasmapheresis trials and epidemic preparedness. METHODS: This qualitative study, part of Ebola-Tx, researched and addressed emergent trial difficulties through interviewing, participant observation and focus group discussions...
October 17, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332406/-treatment-is-of-primary-importance-and-social-assistance-is-secondary-a-qualitative-study-on-the-organisation-of-tuberculosis-tb-care-and-patients-experience-of-starting-and-staying-on-tb-treatment-in-riga-latvia
#16
Karina Kielmann, Nicole Vidal, Vija Riekstina, Maria Krutikov, Marieke J van der Werf, Evita Biraua, Predrag Duric, David A J Moore
BACKGROUND: Vulnerable individuals with tuberculosis (TB) struggle to access and stay on treatment. While patient-related and social barriers to TB treatment adherence are well documented, less is known about how the organisation and delivery of TB care influences adherence behaviour. AIM: To examine the influence of TB service organisation and culture on patients' experience of starting and staying on treatment in Riga, Latvia. METHODS: An intervention package to support adherence to TB treatment amongst vulnerable patients in Riga, Latvia was piloted between August 2016 and March 2017...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332294/effects-of-exergaming-on-physical-and-cognitive-functions-in-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#17
Qun Fang, Christopher A Aiken, Chao Fang, Zhujun Pan
The increase in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) population triggers a deep concern within public health. This alarming trend stresses the need for the development of effective strategies that might aid with this growing population. Exergaming has several advantages as an ASD intervention, such as flexible play, a private space for exercise, and diverse types of physical activity. The study aims to analyze the effectiveness of exergaming interventions on individuals with ASD. The systematic review was conducted in accordance with PRISMA guidelines...
October 17, 2018: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328987/evaluation-of-the-use-of-electronic-medical-record-systems-in-brazilian-intensive-care-units
#18
José Colleti Junior, Alice Barone de Andrade, Werther Brunow de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of the use of electronic medical record systems in Brazilian intensive care units and the perceptions of intensive care physicians regarding the contribution of electronic medical record systems toward improving safety and quality in clinical practice. METHODS: Using an online questionnaire, physicians working in Brazilian intensive care units answered questions about the use of electronic medical record systems in the hospitals in which they worked...
July 2018: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328785/hiv-and-transgender-women-in-kampala-uganda-double-jeopardy
#19
Rachel King, Justine Nanteza, Zubayiri Sebyala, Joy Bbaale, Enos Sande, Tonia Poteat, Herbert Kiyingi, Wolfgang Hladik
Transgender women in Kampala face stigma, high HIV acquisition or transmission risk and poor access to health services. We explored the HIV and gender-related contexts of their lives. Snowball sampling was used to enrol 45 participants between July-October 2013. Data collection included audio-computer-assisted self-interviews, qualitative face-to-face interviews and blood tests for HIV and CD4. One in five respondents tested HIV positive. Emergent themes revealed highly varied forms of gender identity and gender expression...
October 17, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328759/-we-re-stronger-if-we-work-together-experiences-of-naturally-occurring-peer-support-in-an-inpatient-setting
#20
Anna Galloway, Nancy Pistrang
BACKGROUND: Research on peer support in mental health inpatient settings has focussed on formalised programmes. Naturally occurring peer support - spontaneous interactions without structure or roles - has received little attention. AIMS: This study aimed to provide a detailed picture of service-users' experiences of giving and receiving support in an acute inpatient setting, and possible challenges encountered in such interactions. Staff perceptions were obtained in order to provide another perspective...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
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