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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30114594/mourning-our-dead-the-impact-of-mexico-s-war-on-drugs-on-citizens-depressive-symptoms
#1
Iván Flores Martínez, Laura Helena Atuesta
BACKGROUND: Research has shown the substantial impact on mental health for victims of drug-related crime in Mexico, especially individuals who have been heavily exposed to violence. However, the effect of drug-related violence in non-victims has been less studied because causal pathways via indirect violence are more ambiguous. We argue that drug-related violence does have an influence on the mental health of non-victims: For example, because of how violence is publicized by criminal groups, including their use of gruesome killing methods in executions, or via news about government confrontations with these criminal groups...
August 13, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30114232/historical-baselines-in-marine-bioinvasions-implications-for-policy-and-management
#2
Henn Ojaveer, Bella S Galil, James T Carlton, Heidi Alleway, Philippe Goulletquer, Maiju Lehtiniemi, Agnese Marchini, Whitman Miller, Anna Occhipinti-Ambrogi, Melita Peharda, Gregory M Ruiz, Susan L Williams, Anastasija Zaiko
The human-mediated introduction of marine non-indigenous species is a centuries- if not millennia-old phenomenon, but was only recently acknowledged as a potent driver of change in the sea. We provide a synopsis of key historical milestones for marine bioinvasions, including timelines of (a) discovery and understanding of the invasion process, focusing on transfer mechanisms and outcomes, (b) methodologies used for detection and monitoring, (c) approaches to ecological impacts research, and (d) management and policy responses...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30114010/design-of-an-optical-see-through-light-field-near-eye-display-using-a-discrete-lenslet-array
#3
Cheng Yao, Dewen Cheng, Tong Yang, Yongtian Wang
In this paper, we propose a novel method to construct an optical see-through light-field near-eye display (OST LF-NED) by using a discrete lenslet array (DLA). The DLA is used as a spatial light modulator (SLM) to generate dense light field of three-dimensional (3-D) scenes inside the user's eyebox of the system and provide correct focus cues to the user. A corresponding light-field image rendering method is also proposed and demonstrated. The light emitted from the real objects passes through the transparent region of the display panel and the planar area of the DLA successively without redirection, so the user can have a clear view of the real scene as well as the virtual information...
July 9, 2018: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113746/interactions-between-the-perception-of-light-and-temperature
#4
Marije Te Kulve, Luc Schlangen, Wouter van Marken Lichtenbelt
Expanding the acceptable range of indoor temperatures allows to reduce building energy consumption and may be beneficial for health. Therefore, we explored whether light conditions can be used to influence thermal perception under various ambient temperatures. In two laboratory experiments we tested the effect of the correlated colour temperature of light (2700 K and 5800 K) and its intensity (5 lux and 1200 lux) on thermal perception. The light exposures were provided during cool, neutral and warm thermal conditions...
August 16, 2018: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113573/-the-electrically-evoked-potentials-of-the-auditory-cortex
#5
G A Tavartkiladze
The problems concerning the registration of late latency auditory responses to electric stimulation in the patients wearing cochlear implants are considered. The renewed interest to this class of evoked potentials is due to unexplained differences in the results of cochlear implantation in the patients with the similar audiological data, etiology, age and the history of deafness as well as cochlear implant surgery in children of first years of life and the extended possibilities for speech processor programming...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113531/health-care-providers-perceptions-regarding-fundamental-issues-to-consider-prior-launching-nurse-practitioner-training-in-tanzania
#6
Joanes Faustine Mboineki, Chen Changying, Weihong Zhang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although the demand for competent health care professionals and better services is high, studies concerning nursing education are not a priority in sub-Saharan African countries, as revealed in limited available records. Strengthening nursing education by establishing proper training models for newly developed advanced practice roles such as "nurse practitioner" (NP) will increase competency in nurses and reduce the shortage of skilled staff within the health care system, thereby enhancing the proper provision of health care services...
August 14, 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112981/uk-trial-of-the-osseointegrated-prosthesis-for-the-rehabilitation-for-amputees-1995-2018
#7
Douglas John Matthews, Mateen Arastu, Maggie Uden, John Paul Sullivan, Kristina Bolsakova, Kingsley Robinson, Sellaiah Sooriakumaran, David Ward
BACKGROUND: Amputation of a limb impacts on patients' self-perception and quality of life. Prostheses directly anchored to the skeleton are being investigated, aiming to avoid soft tissue complications. OBJECTIVES: We report outcome data for the UK trial of the Osseointegrated Prosthesis for the Rehabilitation of Amputees Implant System with a minimum of 9-year follow-up. METHODS: Eighteen transfemoral amputees received unilateral implants between 1997 and 2008...
August 16, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112826/a-systematic-review-of-clinicians-views-and-experiences-of-direct-acting-oral-anticoagulants-in-the-management-of-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation
#8
Daria Generalova, Scott Cunningham, Stephen J Leslie, Gordon F Rushworth, Laura McIver, Derek Stewart
INTRODUCTION: While a plethora of systematic reviews have provided evidence of efficacy, effectiveness and safety of direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in the management of non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF), there has been little emphasis on clinicians' perspectives. This systematic review aimed to critically appraise, synthesise and present the available evidence of clinicians' views and experiences. METHODS: Studies published in English from January 2006 to July 2017 reporting the views and/or experiences of doctors, nurses or pharmacists on any individual DOAC or as a pharmacological group were included...
August 15, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112773/being-in-control-and-striving-for-normalisation-a-norwegian-pilot-study-on-parents-perceptions-of-hospital-at-home
#9
Line Aasen, Irene Gynnild Ponton, Anne-Kari Myrvold Johannessen
In recent decades, there has been a shift from hospitalisation to home care throughout the Western world, even for children. Hospital-at-home for children is in a developmental phase and represents a new service model in Norway. The aim of this pilot study conducted in a Norwegian healthcare setting was to explore how parents with a sick child experienced early hospital discharge and further care at home. The qualitative data are drawn from nine interviews with parents with a child admitted to hospital-at-home...
August 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112759/the-neural-signature-of-extracting-emotional-content-from-rapid-visual-streams-at-multiple-presentation-rates-a-cross-laboratory-study
#10
Valeria Bekhtereva, Ricarda Pritschmann, Andreas Keil, Matthias M Müller
The steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP), a neural signature of attentional resource allocation, is enhanced for affective compared to neutral visual scenes. Recently, it has been demonstrated that modulation of early visual cortex associated with viewing of unpleasant scenes presented in a rapid succession relies on emotional content extraction from each individual image shown in a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) at 6 Hz (~167 ms per image). Against expectations, the SSVEP was reduced when viewing visual streams of unpleasant compared to neutral scenes...
August 15, 2018: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112736/interprofessional-collaborative-practice-in-the-medical-intensive-care-unit-a-survey-of-caregivers-perspectives
#11
Debbie W Chen, Angela M Gerolamo, Elissa Harmon, Anna Bistline, Shoshana Sicks, Lauren Collins
BACKGROUND: Research on caregivers, defined as designated family members or support persons, in the medical intensive care unit (MICU) has primarily focused on their emotional needs and experiences, thus leaving a gap in knowledge related to their perceptions of team dynamics. OBJECTIVE: To examine caregivers' perceptions of team interactions and competencies for interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) and overall satisfaction with the MICU team. METHODS: The Support Person Jefferson Teamwork Observation Guide (JTOG)™ was administered to a convenience sample of caregivers in the MICU at a large urban academic medical center between May 2016 and December 2016...
August 15, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112621/associations-of-sport-participation-with-self-perception-exercise-self-efficacy-and-quality-of-life-among-children-and-adolescents-with-a-physical-disability-or-chronic-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Saskia J Te Velde, Kristel Lankhorst, Maremka Zwinkels, Olaf Verschuren, Tim Takken, Janke de Groot
BACKGROUND: Little evidence is available about how sports participation influences psychosocial health and quality of life in children and adolescents with a disability or chronic disease. Therefore, the aim of the current study is to assess the association of sports participation with psychosocial health and with quality of life, among children and adolescents with a disability. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 195 children and adolescents with physical disabilities or chronic diseases (11% cardiovascular, 5% pulmonary, 8% metabolic, 8% musculoskeletal/orthopaedic, 52% neuromuscular and 9% immunological diseases and 1% with cancer), aged 10-19 years, completed questionnaires to assess sports participation, health-related quality of life (DCGM-37), self-perceptions and global self-worth (SPPC or SPPA) and exercise self-efficacy...
August 15, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30111525/a-face-aging-app-for-smoking-cessation-in-a-waiting-room-setting-pilot-study-in-an-hiv-outpatient-clinic
#13
Titus Josef Brinker, Christian Martin Brieske, Stefan Esser, Joachim Klode, Ute Mons, Anil Batra, Tobias Rüther, Werner Seeger, Alexander H Enk, Christof von Kalle, Carola Berking, Markus V Heppt, Martina V Gatzka, Breno Bernardes-Souza, Richard F Schlenk, Dirk Schadendorf
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence for the effectiveness of addressing tobacco use in health care settings. However, few smokers receive cessation advice when visiting a hospital. Implementing smoking cessation technology in outpatient waiting rooms could be an effective strategy for change, with the potential to expose almost all patients visiting a health care provider without preluding physician action needed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop an intervention for smoking cessation that would make use of the time patients spend in a waiting room by passively exposing them to a face-aging, public morphing, tablet-based app, to pilot the intervention in a waiting room of an HIV outpatient clinic, and to measure the perceptions of this intervention among smoking and nonsmoking HIV patients...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30111324/what-prevents-midwifery-quality-care-in-bangladesh-a-focus-group-enquiry-with-midwifery-students
#14
Malin Bogren, Kerstin Erlandsson, Ulrika Byrskog
BACKGROUND: With professional midwives being introduced in Bangladesh in 2013, the aim of this study was to describe midwifery students perceptions on midwives' realities in Bangladesh, based on their own experiences. METHOD: Data were collected through 14 focus group discussions that included a total of 67 third-year diploma midwifery students at public nursing institutes/colleges in different parts of Bangladesh. Data were analyzed deductively using an analytical framework identifying social, professional and economical barriers to the provision of quality care by midwifery personnel...
August 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30111233/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-examining-the-effects-of-tai-chi-and-electronic-tablet-use-on-older-adults-cognition-and-health
#15
Beth Mastel-Smith, Gloria Duke, Zhaomin He
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of Tai Chi (TC) and electronic tablet (ET) interventions on older adults' cognition and health and to explore participants' perceptions of intervention activities. DESIGN: An emergent embedded experimental mixed methods design was used in which the qualitative strand helped explain intervention results. METHOD: Older adults who participate in TC classes will have improved cognition and health compared with older adults who participate in ET classes...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30110516/lightning-rods-earthquakes-and-regional-identities-towards-a-multi-scale-framework-of-assessing-fracking-risk-perception
#16
James A Pollard, David C Rose
Hydraulic fracturing has provided a persistent, polarizing, and highly politicized source of controversy internationally and in numerous national contexts for just under a decade. This research uses hydraulic fracturing (i.e., fracking) operations in New Zealand as a vignette through which to understand the underlying causes of controversy and the appropriateness of attempts to address them. A multi-method approach using interviews (n = 25), diagrammatic analysis, and newsprint media was applied to evidence two major findings...
August 15, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109857/-the-role-of-the-family-in-adolescents-subjective-well-being
#17
A Lampropoulou
The goal of this research is to study the relation between adolescents' subjective well-being with: (a) their perceptions regarding their relationship with their parents, (b) the corresponding perceptions of their parents and (c) parents' subjective well-being. The participants of this study were 714 adolescents attending the two last grades of Junior High School (Gymnasium) and the two last grades of High School (Lyceum) as well as their parents from schools of the broader area of Athens randomly selected...
April 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109727/what-are-the-beliefs-and-perceptions-of-practice-nurses-influence-about-the-uptake-of-the-measles-mumps-and-rubella-vaccine-an-integrative-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
M C Hill, D Salmon, L M Aitken
AIM: To ascertain the beliefs and perceptions of practice nurses' influence about the uptake of the Measles, Mumps and Rubella vaccine. BACKGROUND: Immunisation decision making for parents is a complex process. Principle health professionals involved in immunisation programmes are health visitors, general practitioners and practice nurses. There is evidence that health visitors and general practitioners influence parental immunisation decision making. However, there is a lack of evidence about the influence of the practice nurse despite their well-documented role in immunisation...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109714/symptom-clustering-in-patients-with-childhood-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Yi-Chien Chiang, Jing-Long Huang, Chao-Hui Wang, Hsiang-Chun Lee, Ming-Ying Lee, Ya-Chu Hsiao
AIMS: To: 1) explore the prevalence of the symptoms perceived by patients with childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLEc); 2) identify the symptom clusters occurring in patients with SLEc; and 3) examine the association of the burden of each symptom cluster with sleep quality and depression. BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an inflammatory autoimmune disease that may result in patients' perception of various symptoms, with possible negative effects on their quality of life...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109556/nmda-receptor-dependent-long-term-potentiation-in-chronic-pain
#20
Xu-Hui Li, Hui-Hui Miao, Min Zhuo
Since the discovery of NMDA receptor (NMDAR) dependent long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus, many studies have demonstrated that NMDAR dependent LTP exists throughout central synapses, including those involved in sensory transmission and perception. NMDAR LTP has been reported in spinal cord dorsal horn synapses, anterior cingulate cortex and insular cortex. Behavioral, genetic and pharmacological studies show that inhibiting or reducing NMDAR LTP produced analgesic effects in animal models of chronic pain...
August 14, 2018: Neurochemical Research
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