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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551150/disease-severity-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-the-mediating-role-of-parent-and-youth-illness-uncertainty
#1
Marissa N Baudino, Kaitlyn L Gamwell, Caroline M Roberts, John E Grunow, Noel J Jacobs, Stephen R Gillaspy, Clayton S Edwards, Larry L Mullins, John M Chaney
Objective: The objective of this study is to examine parent and youth appraisals of illness uncertainty as potential serial mediators in the relation between disease severity and youth depressive symptoms in adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods: Participants were 85 adolescents 13-18 years of age (Mage = 15.75, SD =1.51) with a confirmed diagnosis of IBD (Crohn's disease, 59%; ulcerative colitis, 41%) and a primary caregiver. At a scheduled outpatient visit, caregivers completed a measure of illness uncertainty, while adolescents completed measures of illness uncertainty and depressive symptoms...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30550946/lifting-tasting-and-carrying-the-interaction-of-magnitude-and-valence-effects-in-time-perception
#2
Meichao Zhang, Aitao Lu, Bert H Hodges
Magnitude effects (e.g., heavier or faster is longer) and valence effects (e.g., negative > positive) are widely observed in time perception studies, but not well understood. In four experiments, we explored how different action contexts (e.g., tasting, lifting) affected magnitude and valence effects. In two experiments a valence effect occurred: Tasting a sweet food (watermelon) led to temporal underestimations relative to a neutral stimulus, while sour and bitter foods led to overestimations. However, when the same foods were presented in a lifting context a magnitude effect occurred: Reproduced times for the heavier food (watermelon) were overestimated relative to the lighter foods...
December 11, 2018: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30550619/the-human-visual-system-estimates-angle-features-in-an-internal-reference-frame-a-computational-and-psychophysical-study
#3
Zhe-Xin Xu, Yan Chen, Shu-Guang Kuai
Angle perception is an important middle-level visual process, combining line features to generate an integrated shape percept. Previous studies have proposed two theories of angle perception-a combination of lines and a holistic feature following Weber's law. However, both theories failed to explain the dual-peak fluctuations of the just-noticeable difference (JND) across angle sizes. In this study, we found that the human visual system processes the angle feature in two stages: first, by encoding the orientation of the bounding lines and combining them into an angle feature; and second, by estimating the angle in an orthogonal internal reference frame (IRF)...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30550549/asymmetrical-interference-between-number-and-item-size-perception-provides-evidence-for-a-domain-specific-impairment-in-dyscalculia
#4
Elisa Castaldi, Anne Mirassou, Stanislas Dehaene, Manuela Piazza, Evelyn Eger
Dyscalculia, a specific learning disability that impacts arithmetical skills, has previously been associated to a deficit in the precision of the system that estimates the approximate number of objects in visual scenes (the so called 'number sense' system). However, because in tasks involving numerosity comparisons dyscalculics' judgements appears disproportionally affected by continuous quantitative dimensions (such as the size of the items), an alternative view linked dyscalculia to a domain-general difficulty in inhibiting task-irrelevant responses...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30550393/obstetric-and-pediatric-provider-perspectives-on-mandatory-reporting-of-prenatal-substance-use
#5
Marian Jarlenski, Sarah Minney, Caroline Hogan, Judy C Chang
OBJECTIVE: In many states, health care providers are legally required to report pregnant women who use substances, or infants affected by prenatal substance use, to child welfare authorities. The objective of this study was to characterize obstetric and pediatric providers' perceptions of and experiences with policies requiring mandatory reporting of prenatal substance use to child welfare authorities. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative interview study among 20 obstetric and pediatric providers to elicit participants' perspectives about and experience with current policy requiring mandatory reporting of prenatal substance use...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30550339/the-same-with-age-evidence-for-age-related-similarities-in-interpersonal-accuracy
#6
Vanessa L Castro, Derek M Isaacowitz
Interpersonal accuracy refers to the ability to make accurate perceptions about others' social and emotional qualities. Despite this broad definition, the measurement of interpersonal accuracy remains narrow, as most studies focus on the accurate perception of others' emotional states. Moreover, previous research has relied primarily upon traditional tasks consisting of posed, prototypic expressions and behaviors as stimuli. These methodological limitations may constrain our understanding of how different interpersonal perception skills change in adulthood...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30550241/-biological-risk-in-agriculture-and-construction-workplaces-a-survey-on-perception-knowledge-and-prevention-measures
#7
Manuela Tamburro, Vincenza Anzelmo, Paolo Bianco, Michela Lucia Sammarco, Giancarlo Ripabelli
OBJECTIVES: Despite the potential presence in many workplaces, biological risk is little known and largely underestimated, except in healthcare environments. Objectives: To evaluate perception, knowledge and behaviors adopted for protection and prevention of biological risk, related also to the occupational activity, among construction and agricultural workers. METHODS: Workers were recruited at farms and construction companies of Molise Region, Central Italy, which were visited within the surveillance activities planned by local institutions...
December 2018: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30550181/-advances-in-the-treatment-of-tinnitus
#8
D Wu, Y Zheng, T Xiang
Tinnitus is the perception of sound without an external source. Its impact is wide-ranging and heterogeneous across individuals. Since tinnitus is a subjective sensation, the treatment of tinnitus is still in the research and exploration stage at present. This study summarized the common treatments of tinnitus and their research progress to provide clinicians with references for selecting the appropriate treatments for the tinnitus sufferers.
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548710/a-meta-synthesis-of-how-parents-of-children-with-autism-describe-their-experience-of-advocating-for-their-children-during-the-process-of-diagnosis
#9
REVIEW
Kobie Boshoff, Deanna Gibbs, Rebecca L Phillips, Louise Wiles, Lisa Porter
The diagnostic process for children with autism can be complex for parents to navigate as they advocate for their child in order to obtain answers to their concerns, and receive the subsequent support they need. Gaining an understanding of parents' experiences during this process, will assist service providers in supporting families adequately. This systematic review was undertaken to consolidate in-depth qualitative data from parents of their experience of advocating for their child with autism, during the process of diagnosis...
December 12, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548626/reduced-fear-of-self-is-associated-with-improvement-in-concerns-related-to-repugnant-obsessions-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#10
Frederick Aardema, Shiu F Wong, Jean-Sebastien Audet, Gabriele Melli, Louis-Philippe Baraby
OBJECTIVE: The potential causal and maintaining role of vulnerable self-themes and beliefs about the self in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have received increasing attention from cognitive-behavioural theorists. This interest was translated into the development of a self-report measurement of the feared self (the fear of who one might be or become), a construct theoretically and empirically pertinent to unwanted thoughts and impulses in OCD (i.e., repugnant obsessions). METHOD: The current study aimed to provide converging evidence on the relevance of the feared self in OCD, by examining whether improvements in symptoms associated with repugnant obsessions (measured on the Vancouver Obsessional Compulsive Inventory [VOCI] obsessions subscale) would be predicted by reduced feared self-perceptions (measured on the Fear-of-Self Questionnaire [FSQ]) in a sample of 93 patients receiving psychotherapy for OCD...
December 12, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548551/the-effect-of-a-teamwork-intervention-on-staff-perception-of-teamwork-and-patient-care-on-a-medical-surgical-unit
#11
Melissa A Marguet, Veletta Ogaz
As a result of the ever-changing health care environment and patient complexity, it is difficult for nursing teams to provide safe quality care and complete all tasks, also known as missed nursing care. Missed nursing care is a global health care issue and defined as any aspect of care missed in part, in whole, or delayed. Teamwork has been found to not only positively impact the performance of a team, but also patient outcomes. Teamwork strategies are needed to help nursing teams provide the best care to their patients...
December 12, 2018: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548396/peer-driven-family-support-services-in-the-context-of-first-episode-psychosis-participant-perceptions-from-a-canadian-early-intervention-programme
#12
Mary A Levasseur, Manuela Ferrari, Sarah McIlwaine, Srividya N Iyer
AIM: This paper aims to advance our understanding of the experience of participating in peer support groups for family members of persons with psychosis and to expand the scant body of literature on peer support in the context of early intervention services for psychosis. Such an examination is relevant because the implementation and uptake of family-focused interventions remain inconsistent in early intervention services, despite their proven benefits. METHODS: To enable family caregivers to support one another, a family peer support project was initiated at an early intervention service for psychosis in Montreal, Canada...
December 11, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548245/effect-of-educational-environments-on-nursing-faculty-members-perceptions-regarding-oral-care
#13
Satoru Haresaku, Keiko Kubota, Maki Miyoshi, Hidechika Iino, Mayumi Monji, Hisae Aoki, Tsuyako Hidaka, Yuka Sato, Yuta Mori, Miyuki Yamada, Chizuko Yoshikawa, Toru Naito
AIM: To investigate nursing faculty members' perceptions of oral care and to identify the effects of an educational environment on their perceptions. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire regarding oral care was conducted at eight nursing schools in Japan. A total of 156 (71.6%) faculty members participated in this study. Their perceptions of oral care practice were compared by using a statistical analysis according to the length of work experience, teaching field, school, and facility setting (defined as whether the school had an affiliated hospital with a dental department)...
December 11, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30547958/self-management-support-in-patients-with-incurable-cancer-how-confident-are-nurses
#14
Irene P Jongerden, Vina N Slev, Susanne M van Hooft, H Roeline Pasman, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw, Anke J E de Veer, Cornelia F van Uden-Kraan, Anneke L Francke
OBJECTIVES: To explore how nurses perceive their self-efficacy and performance in supporting self-management among patients with incurable cancer, and whether these perceptions differ between community and hospital nurses. SAMPLE & SETTING: 222 hospital nurses (n = 94) and community nurses (n = 128) working with adult patients with incurable cancer. METHODS & VARIABLES: An online survey included the Self-Efficacy and Performance Into Self-Management Support instrument...
January 13, 2019: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30547822/banana-and-plantain-production-systems-in-benin-ethnobotanical-investigation-varietal-diversity-pests-and-implications-for-better-production
#15
Mariano C Chabi, Anicet G Dassou, Innocent Dossou-Aminon, David Ogouchoro, Bonaventure Omondi Aman, Alexandre Dansi
BACKGROUND: The cultivated banana and plantain (Musa spp.) are valuable for nutritional and socio-economic security for millions of people worldwide. In Benin, banana and plantain are among the most produced, consumed, and traded commodities. Its production is mainly for local consumption and remains insufficient to the demand. However, the varietal diversity of banana and plantain cultivated in Benin is not documented. This study aims at characterizing the banana and plantain cropping systems, genetic diversity, and production constraints as a baseline to the full utilization of this resource in crop improvement and to identify the potential production and agronomic qualities...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30547371/understanding-patient-preferences-and-unmet-needs-in-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-nash-insights-from-a-qualitative-online-bulletin-board-study
#16
Nigel S Cook, Sarthak H Nagar, Akanksha Jain, Maria-Magdalena Balp, Miriam Mayländer, Olivia Weiss, Satabdi Chatterjee
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work was to understand how patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) perceive their disease, unmet needs, and expectations regarding future treatment through online bulletin board (OBB) qualitative research. METHODS: OBB is an asynchronous online qualitative market research tool that provides an open forum for interactive discussion among participants. Patients with NASH were recruited via physician referral and completed a screener questionnaire to ensure their eligibility and willingness to participate...
December 13, 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30547301/enabling-conversations-african-american-patients-changing-perceptions-of-kidney-transplantation
#17
Lauren Lewis, Beth Dolph, Meriem Said, Thomas H Feeley, Liise K Kayler
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities in access to kidney transplantation (KTX) among African Americans (AAs) have been attributed in part to insufficient patient education. Interventions are needed to provide AAs with culturally sensitive, understandable information that increases their capacity to pursue KTX. Research about the factors that activated patients to pursue KTX is necessary to inform such interventions; however, few studies have yielded this type of information. METHODS: We conducted focus groups and one-on-one interviews with 26 AA referred, listed, or transplanted patients and 3 nephrologists to explore decisional factors that foster pursuit of KTX...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30546910/healthy-life-centre-participants-perceptions-of-living-with-overweight-or-obesity-and-seeking-help-for-a-perceived-wrong-lifestyle-a-qualitative-interview-study
#18
Elin Salemonsen, Britt Sætre Hansen, Georg Førland, Anne Lise Holm
Background: Overweight and obesity are complex conditions, associated with a wide range of serious health issues. In contemporary society, body size is an important part of a person's self-representation. Lifestyle changes are difficult and long-term weight management is associated with a high risk of failure. In primary health care in Norway, lifestyle interventions are offered by Healthy Life Centres (HLCs) to those seeking help with weight management. The aim of this study was to explore HLC participants' experiences of living with overweight or obesity and perceptions of seeking help to change dietary and activity habits...
2018: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30546371/quantitative-phosphoproteomic-and-system-level-analysis-of-tor-inhibition-unravel-distinct-organellar-acclimation-in-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii
#19
Valentin Roustan, Wolfram Weckwerth
Rapamycin is an inhibitor of the evolutionary conserved Target of Rapamycin (TOR) kinase which promotes and coordinates translation with cell growth and division. In heterotrophic organisms, TOR regulation is based on intra- and extracellular stimuli such as amino acids level and insulin perception. However, how plant TOR pathways have evolved to integrate plastid endosymbiosis is a remaining question. Despite the close association of the TOR signaling with the coordination between protein turn-over and growth, proteome and phosphoproteome acclimation to a rapamycin treatment have not yet been thoroughly investigated in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii ...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545756/the-future-in-their-hands-graduating-student-midwives-plans-job-satisfaction-and-the-desire-to-work-in-midwifery-continuity-of-care
#20
J Evans, J Taylor, J Browne, S Ferguson, M Atchan, P Maher, C S Homer, D Davis
BACKGROUND: Midwife-led continuity of care models benefit women and the midwives who work in them. Australian graduate midwives are familiar with, and educated to provide, continuity of care to women although the opportunity to work exclusively in positions providing continuity of care on graduation is uncommon. AIM: To explore the immediate and aspirational employment plans and workforce choices, reasons for staying in midwifery and perceptions around factors likely to influence job satisfaction of midwives about to graduate from one Australian university during the years 2012-2016...
December 10, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
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