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Dialysis. Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679302/association-of-abnormal-serum-potassium-levels-with-arrhythmias-and-cardiovascular-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#1
REVIEW
Liesa K Hoppe, Dana C Muhlack, Wolfgang Koenig, Prudence R Carr, Hermann Brenner, Ben Schöttker
PURPOSE: To provide the first systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies on the association of abnormal serum potassium and cardiovascular outcomes. METHODS: Medline and ISI Web of Knowledge were systematically searched from inception until November 24, 2017. Data synthesis of relevant studies was performed using random effects model meta-analyses. RESULTS: Meta-analyses included 310,825 participants from 24 studies. In the older general population, low serum potassium was associated with a 1...
April 20, 2018: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672718/mineralocorticoid-receptor-antagonists-in-kidney-transplantation-time-to-consider
#2
Sophie Girerd, Frédéric Jaisser
Although patient survival is significantly improved by kidney transplantation (KT) in comparison with dialysis, it remains significantly lower than that observed in the general population. Graft function is one of the major determinants of patient survival after KT. Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) could be of particular interest in this population to improve graft function and treat or prevent cardiovascular (CV) complications. In KT, ischaemia/reperfusion injury is a major factor involved in delayed graft function, which is often associated with inferior long-term graft survival...
April 17, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657196/atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-a-monocentric-adult-tunisian-study-and-review-of-literature
#3
R Kherder-Elfekih, M Hajji, L Ben Fatma, H Jebali, I Mami, W Smaoui, M Krid, L Rais, S Beji, K Zouaghi, M Sellami-Kallel
Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is characterized by microvascular thrombosis resulting in thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, and multiorgan dysfunction. It is associated with genetic or acquired disorders of regulatory components of the complement system. For our study, we collected data from 16 patients diagnosed with aHUS between January 2010 and January 2014. The mean age was 33.6 years. The female-to-male ratio was 3. The median follow-up duration was 27 ± 3.5 months. The most common clinical presentation was hypertension...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644071/clinical-management-of-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis-in-italy-results-from-the-atena-study
#4
Carlo Crepaldi, Alessandro Possidoni, Flavia Caputo, Roberto Dell'Aquila, Emilio Giulio Galli, Anna Maria Costanzo, Giuliana Gualberti, Umberto di Luzio Paparatti, Roberto Russo
Background: In Italy, few studies have examined the clinical management of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, resulting in a lack of information and awareness. Methods: A total of 378 PD patients (64.7 ± 14.3 years, 58.9% males) were enrolled across 15 centres in a 12-month retrospective and 6-month prospective study. The primary objective was to evaluate the achievement of Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative and Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes guidelines on recommended target values for anaemia, high blood pressure and mineral metabolism...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629282/effects-of-12-months-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-on-cognitive-function-sleep-mood-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-a-peritoneal-dialysis-patient-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#5
Kyoung Sook Park, Jung Hyun Chang, Ea Wha Kang
This report describes the case of a hypertensive 51-year-old male with a 3-year history of peritoneal dialysis. We followed the patient through his diagnosis of severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Therapeutic use of CPAP led to the improvement of not only sleep-related problems, but also cognitive function and quality of life. To our knowledge, this is the first paper describing the benefits of long-term CPAP treatment in an OSA patient undergoing dialysis...
March 2018: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627171/comparison-of-nicardipine-with-clevidipine-in-the-management-of-hypertension-in-acute-cerebrovascular-diseases
#6
Zachary Rosenfeldt, Katelyn Conklen, Breck Jones, Don Ferrill, Maithili Deshpande, Fazeel M Siddiqui
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In acute stroke, hypertension worsens outcomes. Guidelines do not mention a preferred antihypertensive agent. This present study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of nicardipine and clevidipine in acute stroke. METHODS: This retrospective review compared nicardipine with clevidipine for hypertension in acute stroke patients from March 17, 2015 to December 23, 2016. Ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke types were evaluated. Patients were excluded if under 18 years, had traumatic brain injury, had intracranial neoplasm, were on dialysis, had both study drugs during the stroke admission, or the study drug was infused for less than 1 hour...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619487/etiology-ethics-and-outcomes-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-neonates
#7
Jameela A Kari, Sara N Sharief, Sherif M El Desoky, Khalid A Alhasan, Amr S Albanna
OBJECTIVES: To report the epidemiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD)  in neonates at a single tertiary center and the outcomes of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in these patients and discuss ethical considerations regarding RRT in this population. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we reviewed clinical data from all neonates with evidence of CKD who were followed up at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between 2005 and 2015. Follow-up serum creatinine levels were recorded every 6 months...
April 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615173/outcome-of-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-on-the-basis-of-referral-to-nephrologist-a-one-year-follow-up-study
#8
Muhammad Anees, Yasir Hussain, Muhammad Ibrahim, Irfan Ilahi, Sajjad Ahmad, Khushbakht Isma Asif, Amina Jameel
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients presenting for dialysis on the basis of referral to nephrologist. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Nephrology Department of King Edward Medical University/Mayo Hospital, Lahore, from January 2014 to January 2016. METHODOLOGY: All patients who were presented in nephrology outpatients department and with the indication of dialysis were included in study...
April 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610590/effects-of-appropriate-nutrition-training-in-small-groups-on-laboratory-parameters-in-hemodialysis-patients-from-iran
#9
Nader Aghakhani, Seyyedeh Leila Hoseini, Kourosh Kamali, Davoud Vahabzadeh
Introduction: Adherence to appropriate nutrition and fluid intake is one of the essential parts of chronic renal failure treatment for achieving the desirable results among the patients with hemodialysis. Among various training methods, the "small groups' method", as an advanced method, can be performed by nurses in achieving desirable therapeutic results. The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of appropriate nutrition training in small groups on laboratory parameters in hemodialysis patients...
December 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610585/pulmonary-diffusion-capacity-for-carbon-monoxide-dlco-in-indonesian-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#10
Taruli Loura Batubara, Faisal Yunus, Ratnawati, Yassir, Fariz Nurwidya
Objectives: End-stage renal disease affects all systems in human including the respiratory system. This study aimed to discover the lung diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) in chronic hemodialysis patients and to establish its relation to several demographic and clinical factors as well as spirometry parameters. Material and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study among chronic hemodialysis patients aged .18 years, clinically stable in the last four weeks, without prior history of lung and cardiac disorder...
December 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582960/-acute-kidney-injury-and-rhabdomyolysis-after-cocaine-overdose-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Anna Mudoni, Francesco Caccetta, Maurizio Caroppo, Fernando Musio, Antonella Accogli, Maria Dolores Zacheo, Maria Domenica Burzo, Vitale Nuzzo
Cocaine, a natural alkaloid derived from the coca plant, is one of the most commonly used illicit drugs. Cocaine abuse causes systemic adverse effects like stroke, myocardic infarction, arterial dissection, vascular thrombosis and rhabdomyolysis. Cocaine use is, also, associated with renal complications such as acute kidney injury, vasculitis, acute interstitial nephritis, chronic kidney disease, malignant hypertension with thrombotic microangiopathy. Acute kidney injury may or may be not associated to rhabdomyolysis...
March 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582339/prevalence-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-without-dialysis-a-meta-analysis
#12
Weifeng Shang, Yuanyuan Li, Yali Ren, Wei Li, HongLan Wei, Junwu Dong
PURPOSE: Recent epidemiological evidence attempts to demonstrate the risk of pulmonary hypertension (PH) among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) without dialysis, but prevalence estimates of PH in CKD without dialysis vary widely in the existing studies. This meta-analysis was to summarize the point prevalence of PH in adults with CKD without dialysis. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Collaboration, and the reference lists of relevant articles were searched to identify eligible studies...
March 26, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579859/changes-in-antihypertensive-therapy-after-renal-transplantation
#13
F Villanego, A Moreno, J Wu, J Naranjo, A Delgado, J M Cazorla, T Garcia, A Mazuecos
INTRODUCTION: Post-transplant hypertension is extremely frequent, occurring in 60% to 90% of cases. It is involved in the pathogenesis of chronic graft dysfunction and patient survival. OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe changes in antihypertensive therapy after renal transplantation (RT) depending on the type of pretransplant renal replacement therapy (RRT), hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of RT patients who were divided into 2 groups according to the type of pretransplant RRT (HD group: 69 patients; PD group: 38 patients)...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578207/use-of-oral-anticoagulants-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-renal-dysfunction
#14
REVIEW
Tatjana S Potpara, Charles J Ferro, Gregory Y H Lip
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are increasingly prevalent in the general population and share common risk factors such as older age, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. The presence of CKD increases the risk of incident AF, and, likewise, AF increases the risk of CKD development and/or progression. Both conditions are associated with substantial thromboembolic risk, but patients with advanced CKD also exhibit a paradoxical increase in bleeding risk. In the landmark randomized clinical trials that compared non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) with warfarin for thromboprophylaxis in patients with AF, the efficacy and safety of NOACs in patients with mild-to-moderate CKD were similar to those in patients without CKD...
March 26, 2018: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575630/isosorbide-dinitrate-in-nephronophthisis-treatment
#15
Alanna Strong, Samina Muneeruddin, Richard Parrish, Daniel Lui, Susan B Conley
Nephronophthisis is a progressive disease that affects development of the renal tubules and leads to end stage renal disease. Many affected children have isolated renal disease; however, there can be additional manifestations including heart defects, liver fibrosis, brain malformations, and situs inversus. There is no way to slow or modify the disease. We describe a patient who presented at birth with cholestatic jaundice and decreased kidney function, found by exome sequencing to have two NPHP3 variants. Her clinical status deteriorated rapidly, and two disease-modifying agents were given in hopes of slowing disease progression, the arginine vasopressin type II receptor antagonist tolvaptan to stabilize her renal function and isosorbide dinitrate to manage her poorly controlled hypertension...
April 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563819/a-case-of-brucella-melitensis-endocarditis-in-a-patient-with-cardiovascular-implantable-electronic-device
#16
Wasl Al-Adsani, Ali Ahmad, Mohammad Al-Mousa
Background: Brucellosis is a bacterial infection, caused by the nonmotile gram-negative aerobic coccobacilli. The clinical manifestation of brucellosis is variable, ranging from mild disease to severe disease. The gold standard test to confirm the diagnosis of brucellosis is assaying blood, bone marrow, or other body fluids or by tissue culture. Preferred first-line treatment in adults with uncomplicated, nonlocalized disease consists of doxycycline-aminoglycoside combination. The recommended duration of treatment is 6 weeks...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558000/hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-with-dual-caution-in-an-infant-cobalamin-c-defect-and-complement-dysregulation-successfully-treated-with-eculizumab
#17
Ulkem Kocoglu Barlas, Hasan Serdar Kıhtır, Nilufer Goknar, Melike Ersoy, Nihal Akcay, Esra Sevketoglu
BACKGROUND: Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a clinical syndrome characterized by hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute kidney injury. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a devastating disease with significant mortality and high risk of progression to end-stage kidney disease. It is mostly caused by dysregulation of the alternative complement pathway. Cobalamin C (Cbl C) defect is a genetic disorder of cobalamin metabolism and is a rare cause of HUS. CASE-DIAGNOSIS/TREATMENT: We present a 6-month-old male infant who was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) due to restlessness, severe hypertension, anemia, respiratory distress, and acute kidney injury...
March 20, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554879/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-in-ckd-patients-with-pulmonary-hypertension-a-retrospective-study
#18
Qian Zhang, Le Wang, Hongbing Zeng, Yongman Lv, Yi Huang
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a rare disease often associated with high mortality and is recently recognized as a common complication secondary to chronic kidney disease (CKD). Epidemiological data for this disorder across the spectrum of CKD is poorly understood. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 705 CKD patients with complete clinical records from July 2013 to September 2015. All the patients were estimated by echocardiography and PH was defined as pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) > 35 mmHg...
March 20, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554877/factors-associated-with-residual-urine-volume-preservation-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-for-end-stage-kidney-disease-in-kinshasa
#19
Vieux Momeme Mokoli, Ernest Kiswaya Sumaili, François Bompeka Lepira, Fiston Ikwa Ndol Mbutiwi, Jean Robert Rissassy Makulo, Justine Busanga Bukabau, Patrick Parmba Izeidi, Jeannine Losa Luse, Stéphane Kalambay Mukendi, Désiré Kulimba Mashinda, Nazaire Mangani Nseka
BACKGROUND: Decreased residual urine volume (RUV) is associated with higher mortality in hemodialysis (HD). However, few studies have examined RUV in patients on HD in Sub-Saharan Africa. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of RUV among incident hemodialysis patients in Kinshasa. METHODS: This historical cohort study enrolled 250 patients with ESRD undergoing hemodialysis between January 2007 and July 2013 in two hemodialysis centers in Kinshasa. RUV were collected over 24 h at the initiation of HD and 6 and 12 months later during the interdialytic period...
March 20, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548780/social-determinants-of-health-addressing-unmet-needs-in-nephrology
#20
REVIEW
Yoshio N Hall
There is ongoing recognition that a wide array of social, economic, and environmental factors influence individuals' opportunities to engage in health care and healthy behaviors. Despite spending $34 billion annually on the care of patients with end-stage renal disease, the American public and nephrology community remain remarkably complacent about addressing "upstream" factors that influence the prevention, progression, and treatment of chronic kidney diseases. Recently, a growing number of health plans and dialysis providers have begun to embrace population health management; accept greater accountability for health, health care, and health costs; and envision kidney health beyond their traditional roles in care delivery...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
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