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Oct 4

Glenwood Goss, Chun-Ming Tsai, Frances A Shepherd, Lyudmila Bazhenova, Jong Seok Lee, Gee-Chen Chang, Lucio Crino, Miyako Satouchi, Quincy Chu, Toyoaki Hida, Ji-Youn Han, Oscar Juan, Frank Dunphy, Makoto Nishio, Jin-Hyoung Kang, Margarita Majem, Helen Mann, Mireille Cantarini, Serban Ghiorghiu, Tetsuya Mitsudomi
BACKGROUND: Osimertinib (AZD9291) is an oral, potent, irreversible EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitor selective for EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitor sensitising mutations, and the EGFR Thr790Met resistance mutation. We assessed the efficacy and safety of osimertinib in patients with EGFR Thr790Met-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), who had progressed after previous therapy with an approved EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitor. METHODS: In this phase 2, open-label, single-arm study (AURA2), patients aged at least 18 years with centrally confirmed EGFR Thr790Met-positive mutations, locally advanced or metastatic (stage IIIB/IV) NSCLC who progressed on previous EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitor therapy received osimertinib 80 mg orally once daily; treatment could continue beyond progression if the investigator observed a clinical benefit...
October 14, 2016: Lancet Oncology
Alexander U Brandt, Elena Meinert-Bohn, Jan Leo Rinnenthal, Hanna Zimmermann, Janine Mikolajczak, Timm Oberwahrenbrock, Sebastian Papazoglou, Caspar F Pfüller, Johann Schinzel, Björn Tackenberg, Friedemann Paul, Katrin Hahn, Judith Bellmann-Strobl
BACKGROUND: The PMP22 gene encodes a protein integral to peripheral myelin. Its deletion leads to hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP). PMP22 is not expressed in the adult central nervous system, but previous studies suggest a role in CNS myelin development. The objective of this study was to identify potential structural and functional alterations in the afferent visual system in HNPP patients. METHODS: Twenty HNPP patients and 18 matched healthy controls (HC) were recruited in a cross-sectional study...
2016: PloS One
Richard L Blackmon, Silvia M Kreda, Patrick R Sears, Lawrence E Ostrowski, David B Hill, Brian S Chapman, Joseph B Tracy, Amy L Oldenburg
Mucus hydration (wt%) has become an increasingly useful metric in real-time assessment of respiratory health in diseases like cystic fibrosis and COPD, with higher wt% indicative of diseased states. However, available in vivo rheological techniques are lacking. Gold nanorods (GNRs) are attractive biological probes whose diffusion through tissue is sensitive to the correlation length of comprising biopolymers. Through employment of dynamic light scattering theory on OCT signals from GNRs, we find that weakly-constrained GNR diffusion predictably decreases with increasing wt% (more disease-like) mucus...
2016: Proceedings of SPIE
Maria Eleftheriadou, Clara Vazquez-Alfageme, Cristina Maria Citu, Roxanne Crosby-Nwaobi, Sobha Sivaprasad, Philip Hykin, Robin D Hamilton, Praveen J Patel
PURPOSE: To report 2 year treatment outcomes with intravitreal aflibercept for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) in routine clinical practice. DESIGN: Retrospective, non-randomized, interventional case series. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of electronic medical record (EMR) notes (OpenEyes), paper case notes and review of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging of patients with consecutively treated eyes with previously untreated nAMD...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Nicole K Scripsema, Patricia M Garcia, Richard D Bavier, Toco Y P Chui, Brian D Krawitz, Shelley Mo, Steven A Agemy, Luna Xu, Yijie B Lin, Joseph F Panarelli, Paul A Sidoti, James C Tsai, Richard B Rosen
Purpose: To compare perfused peripapillary capillary density in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), normal-tension glaucoma (NTG), and normal patients using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). Methods: A retrospective review of POAG, NTG, and normal patients imaged with OCT-A was performed. En face OCT angiograms identifying peripapillary vessels were obtained using a spectral-domain OCT system (Avanti RTVue-XR). A custom image analysis approach identified perfused peripapillary capillaries, quantified perfused capillary density (PCD), and generated color-coded PCD maps for 3...
July 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
A Mas, L Stone, P M O'Connor, Q Yang, D T Kleven, C Simon, C L Walker, A Al-Hendy
Despite the high prevalence and major negative impact of uterine fibroids (UFs) on women's health, their pathogenesis remains largely unknown. While tumor initiating cells (TICs) have been previously isolated from UFs, the cell of origin for these tumors in normal myometrium has not been identified. We isolated cells with Stro1/CD44 surface markers from normal myometrium expressing stem cell markers Oct-4/c-kit/nanog that exhibited the properties of myometrial stem/progenitor-like cells (MSCs). Using a murine model for UFs, we showed that the cervix was a hypoxic "niche" and primary site (96%) for fibroid development in these animals...
October 14, 2016: Stem Cells
Tomo Nishi, Tetsuo Ueda, Yuutaro Mizusawa, Kayo Shinomiya, Kentaro Semba, Yoshinori Mitamura, Shozo Sonoda, Eisuke Uchino, Taiji Sakamoto, Nahoko Ogata
PURPOSE: To compare the choroidal structure of the subfoveal area in the eyes of children with anisohypermetropic amblyopia to that of the fellow eyes and to age-matched controls using a binarization method of the images obtained by enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). METHODS: This study was performed at Nara Medical University Hospital, Tokushima University Hospital, and Kagoshima University Hospital, Japan. Forty amblyopic eyes with anisohypermetropic amblyopia and their fellow eyes (5...
2016: PloS One
Dong-Wook Park, Sarah K Brodnick, Jared P Ness, Farid Atry, Lisa Krugner-Higby, Amelia Sandberg, Solomon Mikael, Thomas J Richner, Joseph Novello, Hyungsoo Kim, Dong-Hyun Baek, Jihye Bong, Seth T Frye, Sanitta Thongpang, Kyle I Swanson, Wendell Lake, Ramin Pashaie, Justin C Williams, Zhenqiang Ma
Transparent graphene-based neural electrode arrays provide unique opportunities for simultaneous investigation of electrophysiology, various neural imaging modalities, and optogenetics. Graphene electrodes have previously demonstrated greater broad-wavelength transmittance (∼90%) than other transparent materials such as indium tin oxide (∼80%) and ultrathin metals (∼60%). This protocol describes how to fabricate and implant a graphene-based microelectrocorticography (μECoG) electrode array and subsequently use this alongside electrophysiology, fluorescence microscopy, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and optogenetics...
November 2016: Nature Protocols
Libin Song, Xiangyuan Chen, Song Gao, Chenyue Zhang, Chao Qu, Peng Wang, Luming Liu
Evidence from in vitro and in vivo studies shows that Ski may act as both a tumor proliferation-promoting factor and a metastatic suppressor in human pancreatic cancer and also may be a therapeutic target of integrative therapies. At present, pancreatic cancer stem cells (CSCs) are responsible for tumor recurrence accompanied by resistance to conventional therapies. Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway is found to be aberrantly activated in CSCs. The objectives of this study were to investigate the role of Ski in modulating pancreatic CSCs and to examine the molecular mechanisms involved in pancreatic cancer treatment both in vivo and in vitro...
October 12, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Gulcan Harput, Jennifer Sebert Howard, Carl Mattacola
Study Design Cross-sectional, controlled laboratory study. Background Quantification of muscular activation during different phases of functional activities is important to understand activation deficits in individuals who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Objectives To compare activation levels of vastus medialis (VM), medial hamstrings (MH) and gluteus medius (GMed) muscles during the different phases of weight bearing tasks between individuals who had undergone ACLR and healthy controls...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Ohad Oren, B Douglas Smith
Dramatic advances have been made in the understanding of cancer over the past decade. Prime among those are better appreciation of the biology of cancer and the development of targeted therapies. Despite these improvements, however, most tumors remain refractory to anti-cancer medications and frequently recur. Cancer Stem Cells (CSCs), which in some cases express markers of pluripotency (e.g., Oct-4), share many of the molecular features of normal stem cells. These cells have been hypothesised to play a role in tumor resistance and relapse...
October 11, 2016: Stem Cell Reviews
Maria A Parker, Dongseok Choi, Laura R Erker, Mark E Pennesi, Paul Yang, Elvira N Chegarnov, Peter N Steinkamp, Catherine L Schlechter, Claire-Marie Dhaenens, Saddek Mohand-Said, Isabelle Audo, Jose Sahel, Richard G Weleber, David J Wilson
PURPOSE: The goal of this analysis was to determine the test-retest variability of functional and structural measures from a cohort of patients with advanced forms of Stargardt Disease (STGD) participating in the SAR422459 (NCT01367444) gene therapy clinical trial. METHODS: Twenty-two participants, aged 24 to 66, diagnosed with advanced forms of STGD, with at least one pathogenic ABCA4 mutation on each chromosome participating in the SAR422459 (NCT01367444) gene therapy clinical trial, were screened over three visits within 3 weeks or less...
October 2016: Translational Vision Science & Technology
Jezamine Lim, Zainul Rashid Mohamad Razi, Jiaxian Law, Azmawati Mohammed Nawi, Ruszymah Binti Haji Idrus, Min Hwei Ng
BACKGROUND AIMS: Human Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (hWJMSCs) are possibly the most suitable allogeneic cell source for stromal cell therapy and tissue engineering applications because of their hypo-immunogenic and non-tumorigenic properties, easy availability and minimal ethical concerns. Furthermore, hWJMSCs possess unique properties of both adult mesenchymal stromal cells and embryonic stromal cells. The human umbilical cord (UC) is approximately 50-60 cm long and the existing studies in the literature have not provided information on which segment of the UC was studied...
October 7, 2016: Cytotherapy
Adeleh Yarmohammadi, Linda M Zangwill, Alberto Diniz-Filho, Min Hee Suh, Siamak Yousefi, Luke J Saunders, Akram Belghith, Patricia Isabel C Manalastas, Felipe A Medeiros, Robert N Weinreb
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between vessel density measurements using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) and severity of visual field loss in primary open-angle glaucoma. DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 153 eyes from 31 healthy participants, 48 glaucoma suspects, and 74 glaucoma patients enrolled in the Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study. METHODS: All eyes underwent imaging using OCT-A (Angiovue; Optovue, Fremont, CA), spectral-domain OCT (Avanti; Optovue), and standard automated perimetry (SAP)...
October 7, 2016: Ophthalmology
Jing Zhao, Huamao Miao, Tian Han, Yang Shen, Yu Zhao, Ling Sun, Xingtao Zhou
PURPOSE: To evaluate the corneal morphology and surface characteristics of concave lenticules after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for hyperopia. METHODS: SMILE procedures were performed on two human autopsy corneas in vitro to correct +4.00 diopters of hyperopia. Slit-lamp microscopy and anterior optical coherence tomography (OCT) were performed after lenticule creation and extraction. The extracted lenticules and modified corneas were sent for transmission electron microscopy imaging...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Kang Shen, Ling Qin, He-Gen Zheng
Three new coordination polymers have been synthesized based on three linear pyridine ligands with different side chains and one flexible V-shaped dicarboxylate co-ligand: {[Co(L1)0.5(sdb)]}n (1), {[Co(L2)0.5(sdb)]·1.5H2O}n (2) and {[Co(L3)0.5(sdb)]·2DMF}n (3) (L1 = E,E-2,5-dioctyloxy-1,4-bis-[2-pyridin-vinyl]-benzene; L2 = E,E-2,5-dibutoxy-1,4-bis-[2-pyridin-vinyl]-benzene; L3 = E,E-2,5-dimethoxy-1,4-bis-[2-pyridin-vinyl]-benzene; H2sdb = 4,4'-sulfonyldibenzoic acid). Complexes 1-3 are 4-connected sql nets with a point symbol of {4(4)·6(2)}...
October 18, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Yohei Sotomi, Yoshinobu Onuma, Pannipa Suwannasom, Hiroki Tateishi, Erhan Tenekecioglu, Yaping Zeng, Rafael Cavalcante, Hans Jonker, Jouke Dijkstra, Nicolas Foin, Jaryl Ng Chen Koon, Carlos Collet, Robbert J de Winter, Joanna J Wykrzykowska, Gregg W Stone, Jeffrey J Popma, Ken Kozuma, Kengo Tanabe, Patrick W Serruys, Takeshi Kimura
AIMS: The current study aimed to assess the difference in lumen dimension measurements between optical coherence tomography (OCT) and quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) in the polymeric bioresorbable scaffold and metallic stent. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the randomised ABSORB Japan trial, 87 lesions in the Absorb arm and 44 lesions in the XIENCE arm were analysed. Post-procedural OCT-QCA lumen dimensions were assessed in matched proximal/distal non-stented/non-scaffolded reference (n=199), scaffolded (n=145) and stented (n=75) cross-sections at the two device edges using the Bland-Altman method...
October 10, 2016: EuroIntervention
Maria D Radu, Kyohei Yamaji, Hector M García-García, Serge Zaugg, Masanori Taniwaki, Konstantinos C Koskinas, Patrick W Serruys, Stephan Windecker, Jouke Dijkstra, Lorenz Räber
AIMS: The minimum fibrous cap thickness (FCT) is considered a major criterion of coronary plaque vulnerability according to autopsy studies. We aimed to assess the reproducibility in the measurement of the optical coherence tomography (OCT)-detected minimum FCT and the agreement in the classification of thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA), by a software-based semi-automatic method compared with the manual method. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 50 frames with fibroatheromas (FA) were randomly selected from the Integrated Biomarker Imaging Study-4 (IBIS-4)...
October 10, 2016: EuroIntervention
Fang Ko, Paul J Foster, Nicholas G Strouthidis, Yusrah Shweikh, Qi Yang, Charles A Reisman, Zaynah A Muthy, Usha Chakravarthy, Andrew J Lotery, Pearse A Keane, Adnan Tufail, Carlota M Grossi, Praveen J Patel
PURPOSE: To describe associations of ocular and systemic factors with retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-Bruch's membrane (BM) complex thickness as measured by spectral-domain (SD) optical coherence tomography (OCT). DESIGN: Multisite community-based study. This research has been conducted using the UK Biobank Resource. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-seven thousand three hundred eighteen people 40 to 69 years old received questionnaires, physical examination, and eye examination, including macular SD OCT...
October 6, 2016: Ophthalmology
Kazuyuki Kumagai, Akinori Uemura, Masanori Hangai, Tetsuyuki Suetsugu, Nobuchika Ogino
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of vitreomacular separation on macular thickness. METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational, cross-sectional study. Average foveal and central minimum thicknesses were measured by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in 308 eyes of 308 healthy subjects (healthy group) and 298 normal fellow eyes of 298 patients with a unilateral macular hole (MH group). Multiple regression analyses were performed to determine the effects of various factors on the macular thickness...
October 7, 2016: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
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