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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636920/nanog-fluctuations-in-embryonic-stem-cells-highlight-the-problem-of-measurement-in-cell-biology
#1
Rosanna C G Smith, Patrick S Stumpf, Sonya J Ridden, Aaron Sim, Sarah Filippi, Heather A Harrington, Ben D MacArthur
A number of important pluripotency regulators, including the transcription factor Nanog, are observed to fluctuate stochastically in individual embryonic stem cells. By transiently priming cells for commitment to different lineages, these fluctuations are thought to be important to the maintenance of, and exit from, pluripotency. However, because temporal changes in intracellular protein abundances cannot be measured directly in live cells, fluctuations are typically assessed using genetically engineered reporter cell lines that produce a fluorescent signal as a proxy for protein expression...
June 20, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636277/esrrb-plays-a-crucial-role-in-the-promotion-of-porcine-cell-reprogramming
#2
Fan Yang, Yahui Ren, Huan Li Huayan Wang
The estrogen-related receptor b (ESRRB) is an orphan nuclear receptor and targets many genes involved in self-renewal and pluripotency. In mouse ES cells, overexpression of ESRRB can maintain LIF-independent self-renewal in the absence of Nanog. However, the fundamental features of porcine ESRRB remain elusive. In this study, we revealed the expression profiles of ESRRB in both porcine pluripotent stem cells and early stage embryos and dissected the functional domains of ESRRB protein to prove that ESRRB is a key transcription factor that enhanced porcine pluripotent gene activation...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635509/induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-dopaminergic-neurons-from-adult-common-marmoset-fibroblasts
#3
Scott C Vermilyea, Scott Guthrie, Michael Meyer, Kim Smuga-Otto, Katarina Braun, Sara Howden, James A Thomson, Su-Chun Zhang, Marina Emborg, Dr Thaddeus G Golos
The common marmoset monkey (Callithrix jacchus; Cj) is an advantageous nonhuman primate species for modeling age-related disorders, including Parkinson's disease, due to their shorter lifespan compared to macaques. Cj-derived induced pluripotent stem cells (Cj-iPSCs) from somatic cells are needed for in vitro disease modeling and testing regenerative medicine approaches. Here we report the development of a novel Cj-iPSC line derived from adult marmoset fibroblasts. The Cj-iPSCs showed potent pluripotency properties including development of mesodermal lineages in tumors after injection to immunocompromised mice, as well as ectoderm and endoderm lineages after in vitro differentiation regimens, demonstrating differentiated derivatives of all three embryonic layers...
June 21, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626726/cancer-stem-cells-in-oral-cavity-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Ranui Baillie, Swee T Tan, Tinte Itinteang
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been identified in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC). CSCs possess the ability for perpetual self-renewal and proliferation, producing downstream progenitor cells and cancer cells that drive tumor growth. Studies of many cancer types including OCSCC have identified CSCs using specific markers, but it is still unclear as to where in the stem cell hierarchy these markers fall. This is compounded further by the presence of multiple CSC subtypes within OCSCC, making investigation reliant on the use of multiple markers...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625923/preliminary-identification-of-endometrial-cancer-stem-cells-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#5
Fan-Fei Kong, Da Li, Hui Yang, Jian Ma, Xin Pan, Hong-Xiang Liu, Jia-Ning Huo, Xiao-Xin Ma
Stem cells play a critical role in endometrial cancer progression. However, the current methodologies used to isolate endometrial cancer stem cells (ECSCs) remain unsatisfactory. The ECSCs were isolated by serumfree suspension cultivation. The stem cells-related genes CD44, CD133, Oct4, Sox2 and Nanog were analyzed, and the biological behaviour of ECSCs was evaluated in vitro and vivo. The results suggest that (i) serumfree suspension cultivation is non-toxic and a convenient way for isolating the ECSCs, and is not limited to specific surface markers; (ii) Ishikawa cells can be used as an effective source of ECSCs, and the obtained ECSCs expressing the pluripotent stem cells markers CD44, CD133, Oct4, Sox2, and Nanog; (iii) ECSCs originated from Ishikawa cells showed an increased ability to invasion and metastasis in vitro, and exhibited a high proliferative capacity and pluripotency in vivo and vitro...
June 15, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625858/stem-cells-pluripotency-and-glial-cell-markers-in-peripheral-blood-of-bipolar-patients-on-long-term-lithium-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Ewa Ferensztajn-Rochowiak, Jolanta Kucharska-Mazur, Maciej Tarnowski, Jerzy Samochowiec, Mariusz Z Ratajczak, Janusz K Rybakowski
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effect of long-term lithium treatment on very-small embryonic-like stem cells (VSELs) and the mRNA expression of pluripotency and glial markers, in peripheral blood, in patients with bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: Fifteen BD patients (aged 53±7years) not treated with lithium, with duration of illness >10years, 15 BD patients (aged 55±6years) treated with lithium for 8-40years (mean 16years) and 15 control subjects (aged 50±5years) were included...
June 15, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625769/mechanisms-of-aortic-dissection-smooth-muscle-cell-phenotype-switch
#7
Zhao An, Yang Liu, Zhi-Gang Song, Hao Tang, Yang Yuan, Zhi-Yun Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of Nanog homeobox (NANOG) in thoracic aortic dissection (TAD) and the role of NANOG in regulating human aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) phenotype switch. METHODS: Aortic specimens were collected from 20 patients undergoing TAD and 10 controls. VSMCs were isolated by adherent cultivation approach. The expression of NANOG, osteopontin (OPN), and VSMCs phenotype markers were determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624784/mitochondrial-pyruvate-carrier-function-determines-cell-stemness-and-metabolic-reprogramming-in-cancer-cells
#8
Xiaoli Li, Gaoyang Han, Xiaoran Li, Quancheng Kan, Zhirui Fan, Yaqing Li, Yasai Ji, Jing Zhao, Mingzhi Zhang, Mantas Grigalavicius, Viktor Berge, Mariusz Adam Goscinski, Jahn M Nesland, Zhenhe Suo
One of the remarkable features of cancer cells is aerobic glycolysis, a phenomenon known as the "Warburg Effect", in which cells rely preferentially on glycolysis instead of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) as the main energy source even in the presence of high oxygen tension. Cells with dysfunctional mitochondria are unable to generate sufficient ATP from mitochondrial OXPHOS, and then are forced to rely on glycolysis for ATP generation. Here we report our results in a prostate cancer cell line in which the mitochondrial pyruvate carrier 1 (MPC1) gene was knockout...
May 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623139/the-co-expression-of-neogenin-with-sox2-in-hippocampal-neurons
#9
Namgue Hong, Mi-Hye Kim, Churl K Min, Hee Jung Kim, Jae Ho Lee
Dementia has been shown to be closely related with neuronal degeneration and/or a decrease in the activity of neural stem cells in many brain regions, including the hippocampus. It has been recently established that Neogenin is involved in the cell fate determination by regulating Oct3/4, SOX and Nanog, notable embryonic cell markers, expressions in pre-implantation mouse embryos. Further, Neogenin expression at both mRNA and protein levels is manifest in many brain regions in mice, but it remains unclear whether Neogenin expression is prerequisite for the maintenance of neural stem cells, particularly, playing a critical role in the hippocampus, a brain region known to be involved in memory generation and consolidation...
June 13, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621452/osteogenic-commitment-and-differentiation-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-by-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-stimulation
#10
Viviana Costa, Valeria Carina, Simona Fontana, Angela De Luca, Francesca Monteleone, Stefania Pagani, Maria Sartori, Stefania Setti, Cesare Faldini, Riccardo Alessandro, Milena Fini, Gianluca Giavaresi
Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) as an adjuvant therapy in in vitro and in vivo bone engineering has proven to be extremely useful. The present study aimed at investigating the effect of 30 mW/cm(2) LIPUS stimulation on commercially available human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) cultured in basal or osteogenic medium at different experimental time points (7d, 14d, 21d). The hypothesis was that LIPUS would improve the osteogenic differentiation of hMSC and guarantying the maintenance of osteogenic committed fraction, as demonstrated by cell vitality and proteomic analysis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618452/murine-melanoma-cells-incomplete-reprogramming-using-non-viral-vector
#11
D A D Câmara, A S Porcacchia, A S Costa, R A Azevedo, I Kerkis
OBJECTIVES: The reprogramming of cancer cells into induced pluripotent stem cells or less aggressive cancer cells can provide a modern platform to study cancer-related genes and their interactions with cell environment before and after reprogramming. Herein, we aimed to investigate the reprogramming capacity of murine melanoma B16F10 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The B16F10 was transfected using non-viral circular DNA plasmid containing the genes Sox-2, Oct4, Nanog, Lin28 and green fluorescent protein (GFP)...
June 15, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618417/cholesterol-enhances-colorectal-cancer-progression-via-ros-elevation-and-mapk-signaling-pathway-activation
#12
Caihua Wang, Peiwei Li, Junmei Xuan, Chunpeng Zhu, Jingjing Liu, Lizhen Shan, Qin Du, Yuezhong Ren, Jun Ye
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Elevated serum cholesterol levels were linked to a higher risk of colorectal adenoma and colorectal cancer (CRC), while the effect of cholesterol on CRC metastasis has not been widely studied. METHODS: CRC patients were enrolled to evaluate the association between low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) and CRC metastases, and LDL receptor (LDLR) level of the CRC tissue was assessed by immunohistochemistry. The effects of LDL on cell proliferation, migration and stemness were assessed in CRC cells in vitro, and the effects of high fat diet (HFD) on tumor growth and intestinal tumorigenicity were investigated in vivo...
June 15, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614911/pd-l1-promotes-oct4-and-nanog-expression-in-breast-cancer-stem-cells-by-sustaining-pi3k-akt-pathway-activation
#13
Sheema Almozyan, Dilek Colak, Fatmah Mansour, Ayodele Alaiya, Olfat Al-Harazi, Amal Qattan, Falah Al-Mohanna, Monther Al-Alwan, Hazem Ghebeh
The expression of PD-L1 in breast cancer is associated with estrogen receptor negativity, chemoresistance, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT); all of which are common features of a highly tumorigenic subpopulation of cancer cells termed cancer stem cells (CSCs). Hitherto, the expression and intrinsic role of PD-L1 in the dynamics of breast CSCs has not been investigated. To address this issue, we used transcriptomic datasets, proteomics and several in vitro and in vivo assays. Expression profiling of a large breast cancer dataset (530 patients) showed statistically significant correlation (p<0...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612256/low-dose-of-doxorubicin-potentiates-the-effect-of-temozolomide-in-glioblastoma-cells
#14
Emilly Schlee Villodre, Franciele Cristina Kipper, Andrew Oliveira Silva, Guido Lenz, Patrícia Luciana da Costa Lopez
Glioblastoma (GBM) is an aggressive brain tumor with temozolomide (TMZ)-based chemotherapy as the main therapeutic strategy. Doxorubicin (DOX) is not used in gliomas due to its low bioavailability in the brain; however, new delivery strategies and low doses may be effective in the long term, especially as part of a drug cocktail. Our aim was to evaluate the chronic effects of low doses of DOX and TMZ in GBM. Human U87-ATCC cells and a primary GBM culture were chronically treated with TMZ (5 μM) and DOX (1 and 10 nM) alone or combined...
June 13, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605808/rat-limbal-niche-cells-prevent-epithelial-stem-progenitor-cells-from-differentiation-and-proliferation-by-inhibiting-notch-signaling-pathway-in-vitro
#15
Jing Li, Szu-Yu Chen, Xin-Yue Zhao, Ming-Chang Zhang, Hua-Tao Xie
Purpose: Limbal niche cells (LNCs) play a pivotal role in regulating limbal epithelial stem/progenitor cells (LESCs). This study aimed to investigate whether Notch signaling is involved in LNCs' regulation of LESCs. Methods: Rat limbus was digested by dispase and collagenase, respectively. Limbal niche cells were isolated by serial passage of collagenase-digested cells on coated Matrigel in a modified embryonic stem cell medium (MESCM). Dispase-isolated cells, with or without LNCs, were seeded on three-dimensional (3D) Matrigel...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601640/functional-evidence-that-the-self-renewal-gene-nanog-regulates-esophageal-squamous-cancer-development
#16
Deng Li, Xiaocong Xiang, Fei Yang, Dongqin Xiao, Kang Liu, Zhu Chen, Ruolan Zhang, Gang Feng
Cancer cell molecular mimicry of stem cells (SC) follows with enhanced proliferative and renewal capacities. In support, numerous mediators of SC self-renewal have been evinced to exhibit oncogenic potential. More and more researches showed that the embryonic stem cell self-renewal genes express in various cancer cells. In this study, we sought to test the tumorigenic functions of NANOG, particularly, in esophageal cancer (EC). Using quantitative RT-PCR and western blotting, we confirmed that EC cells highly express NANOG mRNA and protein...
June 7, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601158/effect-of-corifollitropin-alfa-supplemented-with-or-without-lh-on-ovarian-stimulation-and-embryo-viability-in-rabbit
#17
María Pilar Viudes-de-Castro, Francisco Marco-Jiménez, José Isaí Cedano-Castro, José Salvador Vicente
There is increasing interest in using rabbits for research as a laboratory model as well as for industrial production of meat, wool and fur. Superovulation in animals is used to produce a maximum number of transferable embryos per donor, in order to either support genetic improvement programs, ex situ conservation or to optimize other biotechnologies. Over time, the use of this biotechnology has shown variable outcomes as a consequence of several factors, such as the origin of exogenous hormone, posology and the effect of gonadotropins used simultaneously, the donor and the environment...
August 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601081/histone-modifications-on-the-promoters-of-human-oct4-and-nanog-genes-at-the-onset-of-neural-differentiation-of-nt2-d1-cells
#18
V Topalovic, M Schwirtlich, M Stevanovic, M Mojsin
Transcription factors OCT4 and NANOG are main constituents of a functional network that controls proliferation and pluripotency maintenance of stem cells as well as early lineage decisions. We investigated expression profiles of OCT4 and NANOG during the early phases of neural differentiation using NT2/D1 cells induced by retinoic acid as an in vitro model system of human neurogenesis. We demonstrated decrease in OCT4 and NANOG mRNA and protein levels following exposure to retinoic acid. Next, by employing chromatin immunoprecipitation, we investigated profiles of selected H3 and H2B histone marks deposited on the promoters of the OCT4 and NANOG genes...
June 2017: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599424/wnt10b-is-critical-for-the-progression-of-gastric-cancer
#19
Xiao-Dan Wu, Qing-Li Bie, Bin Zhang, Zi-He Yan, Zhi-Jun Han
The family of Wnt proteins have been implicated in embryogenesis by regulation of cell fate and pattern formation, and also in human carcinogenesis. Wnt10B was previously shown to be involved in breast cancer development. The present study assessed the association of Wnt10B expression in human gastric cancer tissue specimens with clinicopathological data from these patients. Wnt10B expression in the regulation of gastric cancer cell proliferation and migration capacity in vitro was then investigated. The data revealed that Wnt10B mRNA and protein were upregulated in gastric cancer tissue samples and the upregulated Wnt10B mRNA was associated with gastric cancer metastasizing to lymph nodes...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597969/the-role-of-epigenetic-regulation-and-pluripotency-related-micrornas-in-differentiation-of-pancreatic-stem-cells-to-beta-cells
#20
Ediz Coskun, Merve Ercin, Selda Gezginci-Oktayoglu
In this study, we aimed to research class-I HDACs and glucose on differentiation of pancreatic islet derived mesenchymal stem cells (PI-MSCs) to beta cells. Beta cell differentiation determined by flow cytometric analysis and gene expression levels of PDX1, PAX4, PAX6, NKX6.1, NGN3, INS2, and GLUT2. The valproic acid, is an inhibitor of class I HDACs, caused the highest beta cell differentiation in PI-MSCs. However, the cells in this group were at early stages of differentiation. Glucose co-administration to this group carried the differentiation to higher levels, but these newly formed beta cells were not functional...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
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