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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734239/stigma-resistance-and-its-association-with-internalised-stigma-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#1
Ying Wen Lau, Louisa Picco, Shirlene Pang, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Pratika Satghare, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
Studies have suggested that stigma resistance plays an important role in the recovery from mental illness. However, there has been limited research in Asian countries that has examined the benefits of stigma resistance among the mentally ill in Asian populations. Hence, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of stigma resistance and establish the socio-demographic correlates of stigma resistance, as well as its association with internalised stigma and psychosocial outcomes among a multi-ethnic population of 280 outpatients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), schizophrenia, depressive disorders and anxiety disorders in Singapore...
July 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730398/prevalence-and-correlates-of-psychological-distress-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-asylum-seekers-and-refugees-resettled-in-an-italian-catchment-area
#2
Michela Nosè, Giulia Turrini, Maria Imoli, Francesca Ballette, Giovanni Ostuzzi, Francesca Cucchi, Chiara Padoan, Mirella Ruggeri, Corrado Barbui
In recent years there has been a progressive rise in the number of asylum seekers and refugees displaced from their country of origin, with significant social, economic, humanitarian and public health implications. The aim of this study is to describe the frequency and correlates of psychological distress and psychiatric disorders in asylum seekers and refugees resettled in an Italian catchment area. In the catchment area of Verona, all male asylum seekers and refugees aged 18 or above included in the Italian protection system for asylum seekers and refugees during a period of 1 year were screened for psychological distress and psychiatric disorders using validated questionnaires...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729304/effectiveness-of-the-management-of-major-depressive-episodes-disorder-in-adults-with-comorbid-chronic-physical-diseases-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Pablo Martínez, Ariel Castro, Diego Alonso, Paul A Vöhringer, Graciela Rojas
INTRODUCTION: Depression is a global-scale public health problem, and a significant association has been established between depression and chronic physical diseases. This growing comorbidity poses a challenge to healthcare systems. We aim to assess the effectiveness of the management of major depressive episodes/disorder in adults with comorbid chronic physical diseases. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728584/professionals-perception-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-young-people-a-qualitative-study-in-northern-spain
#4
Amaia Maquibar, Carmen Vives-Cases, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Isabel Goicolea
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem with devastating effects on young women's health. These negative effects increase when the exposure to IPV lasts for a long time and exposure at an early age increases the risk of adult IPV. Despite efforts made in the last few decades, data show little progress has been made towards its reduction. Thus, the aim of the study reported here is to explore professionals' perceptions regarding intimate partner violence (IPV) among young people, focusing on the characteristics of the phenomenon and their perceptions about existing programmes and campaigns aimed at addressing it...
July 20, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726480/from-efficacy-to-effectiveness-to-broad-implementation-evolution-of-the-body-project
#5
Carolyn B Becker, Eric Stice
OBJECTIVE: At the turn of the millennium, eating disorders (EDs) prevention was largely nonexistent. No program had reduced future onset of EDs in even a single trial, and most had not reduced ED symptoms. Sixteen years later, the ED prevention field has translated basic risk factor research into interventions, with demonstrated efficacy and effectiveness in reducing ED risk factors and symptoms, as well as future ED onset in some trials. This article reviews the aforementioned progress focusing on a model intervention (i...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726479/motivational-interviewing-and-the-clinical-science-of-carl-rogers
#6
William R Miller, Theresa B Moyers
The clinical method of motivational interviewing (MI) evolved from the person-centered approach of Carl Rogers, maintaining his pioneering commitment to the scientific study of therapeutic processes and outcomes. The development of MI pertains to all 3 of the 125th anniversary themes explored in this special issue. Applications of MI have spread far beyond clinical psychology into fields including health care, rehabilitation, public health, social work, dentistry, corrections, coaching, and education, directly impacting the lives of many people...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726467/the-importance-of-the-neighborhood-in-the-2014-ebola-outbreak-in-the-united-states-distress-worry-and-functioning
#7
Rupa Jose, E Alison Holman, Roxane Cohen Silver
OBJECTIVE: Ebola media coverage directed public attention to potential disease carriers: residents or travelers from West Africa. We investigated the role of neighborhood population factors (i.e., the concentration of West African foreigners, non-West African foreigners, non-Hispanic Blacks) on individual responses to the Ebola outbreak in the United States. The role of these community-level factors in emotional responses to this public health crisis is poorly understood. METHOD: Demographic factors, mental health, and stressful event history, collected as part of an ongoing longitudinal study of residents from 2 metropolitan communities (New York City and Boston, total N = 1,346), were combined with neighborhood data from the U...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726453/ethical-and-legal-considerations-in-psychobiography
#8
Joseph G Ponterotto, Jason D Reynolds Taewon Choi
Despite psychobiography's long-standing history in the field of psychology, there has been relatively little discussion of ethical issues and guidelines in psychobiographical research. The Ethics Code of the American Psychological Association (APA) does not address psychobiography. The present article highlights the value of psychobiography to psychology, reviews the history and current status of psychobiography in the field, examines the relevance of existing APA General Principles and Ethical Standards to psychobiographical research, and introduces a best practice ethical decision-making model to assist psychologists working in psychobiography...
July 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724370/facing-unemployment-study-protocol-for-the-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-community-based-intervention-for-psychological-well-being-promotion
#9
Ana Virgolino, Maria João Heitor, Joana Carreiras, Elisa Lopes, Simon Øverland, Steffen Torp, Dora Guðmundsdóttir, José Pereira Miguel, M Fátima Reis, Osvaldo Santos
BACKGROUND: Economic crises and unemployment have profound impact on mental health and well-being. Main goal of the Healthy Employment (HE) project is to enhance intersectoral actions promoting mental health among unemployed, namely through the implementation and effectiveness-evaluation of short-term and sustainable group interventions. METHODS: The project follows a RE-AIM-based (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance) framework for assessing a cognitive-behavioural and psychoeducational intervention that has been developed for promoting mental health among unemployed people...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723916/stakeholders-views-and-experiences-of-care-and-interventions-for-addressing-frailty-and-pre-frailty-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-evidence
#10
Barbara D'Avanzo, Rachel Shaw, Silvia Riva, Joao Apostolo, Elzbieta Bobrowicz-Campos, Donata Kurpas, Maria Bujnowska, Carol Holland
Frailty is a common condition in older age and is a public health concern which requires integrated care and involves different stakeholders. This meta-synthesis focuses on experiences, understanding, and attitudes towards screening, care, intervention and prevention for frailty across frail and healthy older persons, caregivers, health and social care practitioners. Studies published since 2001 were identified through search of electronic databases; 81 eligible papers were identified and read in full, and 45 papers were finally included and synthesized...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722640/the-role-of-risk-proximity-in-the-beliefs-and-behaviors-related-to-mosquito-borne-diseases-the-case-of-chikungunya-in-french-guiana
#11
Claude Flamand, Camille Fritzell, Pauline Obale, Philippe Quenel, Jocelyn Raude
Human behaviors are increasingly recognized to play a key role in the spread of infectious diseases. Although a set of social and cognitive determinants has been consistently found to affect the adoption of health protective behaviors aiming to control and prevent a variety of infections, little is currently known about the ecological drivers of these behaviors in epidemic settings. In this article, we took advantage of the outbreak of chikungunya, a reemerging mosquito-borne disease, that occurred in French Guiana in 2014-15 to test empirically the assumption proposed by Zielinski-Gutierrez and Hayden that the proximity of the disease and perceptions of the natural environment may considerably shape public response to an emerging health threat...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721707/-towards-bariatric-surgery-taking-your-time-preserves-you-from-loosing-your-time
#12
Yann Corminboeuf, Isabelle Rieben, Sandra Gebhard, François P Pralong, Friedrich Stiefel
Obesity has become a worldwide public health concern. Bariatric surgery is nowadays the most effective treatment to lose weight and control somatic comorbidities of this disease. However, a careful preparation of the patients undergoing bariatric surgery seems mandatory, despite the existence of a feeling of emergency that is often shared by the therapeutic team, and thus difficult to handle. In this context, the importance to address psychological issues such as patients' representation of their body while they will be confronted to a major physical transformation cannot be over-emphasized...
March 22, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721291/basic-issues-concerning-health-related-quality-of-life
#13
Roman Sosnowski, Marta Kulpa, Urszula Ziętalewicz, Jan Karol Wolski, Robert Nowakowski, Robert Bakuła, Tomasz Demkow
INTRODUCTION: Chronic diseases such as cancer have a strong influence on both physical health and quality of life, which together comprise the concept of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) - in other words, the complete state of physical, social, and psychological functioning. Herein, we review the literature on the theory of HRQoL in relation to oncological diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search of English-language publications that included an analysis of the conceptual models of HRQoL was performed using PubMed...
June 30, 2017: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716997/gps-mental-wellbeing-and-psychological-resources-a-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Marylou Anna Murray, Chris Cardwell, Michael Donnelly
BACKGROUND: The negative impact of work has been the traditional focus of GP surveys. We know little about GP positive mental health and psychological resources. AIM: To profile and contextualise GP positive mental health and personal psychological resources. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional survey of GPs working in Northern Ireland (NI). METHOD: A questionnaire comprising the Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS) and measures of resilience, optimism, self-efficacy, and hope, and sociodemographic information was posted to 400 GPs randomly selected from a publicly available GP register...
July 17, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716785/imbuing-medical-professionalism-in-relation-to-safety-a-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-intervention-focused-on-trialling-an-embedded-learning-approach-that-centres-on-the-use-of-a-custom-designed-board-game
#15
Marie Ward, Eilish McAuliffe, Éidín Ní Shé, Ann Duffy, Una Geary, Una Cunningham, Catherine Holland, Nick McDonald, Karen Egan, Christian Korpos
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare organisations have a responsibility for ensuring that the governance of workplace settings creates a culture that supports good professional practice. Encouraging such a culture needs to start from an understanding of the factors that make it difficult for health professionals to raise issues of concern in relation to patient safety. The focus of this study is to determine whether a customised education intervention, developed as part of the study, with interns and senior house officers (SHOs) can imbue a culture of medical professionalism in relation to patient safety and support junior doctors to raise issues of concern, while shaping a culture of responsiveness and learning...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716072/effect-of-prenatal-exposure-to-maternal-cortisol-and-psychological-distress-on-infant-development-in-bengaluru-southern-india-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Anita Nath, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy, Giridhara R Babu, Gian Carlo Di Renzo
BACKGROUND: The mental health status of a pregnant woman and its consequent impact on foetal well being is not given much importance compared to the risk imposed by obstetric complications and medical conditions. Maternal psychological distress is a major public health problem and needs timely detection and intervention to prevent any adverse pregnancy outcome. There is ample evidence from literature that justifies the association of prenatal maternal mental stress and elevated cortisol with delayed infant motor and cognitive development; evidence from India being rather limited...
July 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707583/cannabis-an-overview-of-its-adverse-acute-and-chronic-effects-and-their-implications
#17
Talitha C Ford, Amie C Hayley, Luke A Downey, Andrew C Parrott
In many communities, cannabis is perceived as a low-risk drug, leading to political lobbying to decriminalise its use. However, acute and chronic cannabis use has been shown to be harmful to several aspects of psychological and physical health, such as mood states, psychiatric outcomes, neurocognition, driving and general health. Furthermore, cannabis is highly addictive, and the adverse effects of withdrawal can lead to regular use. These in turn have adverse implications for public safety and health expenditure...
July 12, 2017: Current Drug Abuse Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706922/barriers-and-enablers-to-proper-diabetic-foot-care-amongst-community-dwellers-in-an-asian-population-a-qualitative-study
#18
Andrew Arjun Sayampanathan, Amit Nirmal Cuttilan, Christopher J Pearce
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot complications are common within Asian populations. They arise due to poor diabetic control and foot care. In this study, we aimed to identify the causes for proper and improper diabetic foot care. METHODS: A qualitative study consisting of key informant interviews with 17 healthcare professionals, including doctors and various allied health workers, was conducted. Participants included had at least five years of caring for diabetic foot patients either in public institutions or private clinics...
June 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706096/measuring-patient-safety-culture-in-maternal-and-child-health-institutions-in-china-a-qualitative-study
#19
Yuanyuan Wang, Weiwei Liu, Huifeng Shi, Chaojie Liu, Yan Wang
INTRODUCTION: Patient safety culture (PSC) plays a critical role in ensuring safe and quality care. Extensive PSC studies have been undertaken in hospitals. However, little is known about PSC in maternal and child health (MCH) institutions in China, which provide both population-based preventive services as well as individual care for patients. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop a theoretical framework for conceptualising PSC in MCH institutions in China. METHODS: The study was undertaken in six MCH institutions (three in Hebei and three in Beijing)...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706087/periconception-endogenous-and-exogenous-maternal-sex-steroid-hormones-and-risk-of-asthma-and-allergy-in-offspring-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Merhunisa Talovic, Aziz Sheikh, Nicola McCleary, Maijaliisa Erkkola, Minna Kaila, Suvi M Virtanen, Bright I Nwaru
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is associated with several hormonal changes which influence the developing fetus. Variations in maternal endogenous hormones and prepregnancy use of hormonal preparations have been linked to asthma and allergy in the offspring, but findings are inconsistent. We plan to undertake a systematic review to synthesise the evidence on the association between endogenous and exogenous maternal sex hormones and the risk of asthma and allergy in the offspring. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Institute of Scientific Information Web of Science, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health, Scopus, Google Scholar, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Global Health, Psychological Information (PsycINFO), Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience (CAB) International and WHO Global Health Library from inception until 2016 to identify relevant studies on the topic...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
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