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Public Health and Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690780/prevalence-and-determinants-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-before-and-up-to-12-months-after-total-knee-replacement-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#1
Alison Hodges, Alison R Harmer, Sarah Dennis, Lillias Nairn, Lyn March, Ross Crawford, David Parker, Marlene Fransen
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and determinants of inadequate physical activity and excessive sedentary behaviour before and after total knee replacement. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Secondary analysis was performed on data from a cohort of 422 adults (45-74 years), drawn from 12 public or private hospitals, undergoing primary unilateral or bilateral total knee replacement surgery. MAIN MEASURES: Questionnaires were used to determine the presence of inadequate physical activity and excessive sedentary behaviour before and 6  and 12 months after total knee replacement surgery...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688853/gender-difference-in-health-related-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-attending-anti-retroviral-therapy-at-public-health-facilities-western-ethiopia-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#2
Delelegn Yilma Gebremichael, Kokeb Tesfamariam Hadush, Ermiyas Mulu Kebede, Robel Tezera Zegeye
BACKGROUND: Though HIV/AIDS has multidimensional consequences on quality of life, there is a gap in measuring and monitoring health related quality of life of HIV/AIDS patients. Hence, this study intended to measure health related quality of life domains and associated determinants among people living with HIV/AIDS in western Ethiopia. METHODS: A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted among 520 HIV/AIDS patients on anti-retroviral therapy in public health facilities in West Shoa Zone, Western Ethiopia from April to May, 2016...
April 23, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687967/vertebral-compression-fractures-associated-with-yoga-a-case-series
#3
Jad G Sfeir, Matthew T Drake, Vikram J Sonawane, Mehrsheed Sinaki
BACKGROUND: The importance of exercise in skeletal health is increasingly recognized by both patients and providers. However, the safety of prescribed or recreational exercise in at-risk populations remains under-reported and under-publicized. Yoga has gained widespread popularity due to its physical and psychological benefits. When practiced in a population at increased fracture risk, however, some yoga poses may increase fracture risk, particularly at the spine, rather than increasing BMD as noted in recent popular press reports...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685175/general-practitioners-knowledge-attitudes-and-experiences-of-managing-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-protocol-of-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review-and-meta-ethnography
#4
Aisling A Jennings, Tony Foley, Kieran A Walsh, Alice Coffey, John P Browne, Colin P Bradley
BACKGROUND: In the context of rising dementia prevalence, the workload of general practitioners (GPs) in dementia care is set to increase. However, there are many aspects of dementia care that GPs find challenging. Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) affect the majority of people with dementia and is an aspect of dementia care that GPs find particularly difficult to manage. The aim of this mixed methods systematic review is to undertake a synthesis of qualitative and quantitative studies on GPs' knowledge, attitudes and experiences of managing BPSD...
April 23, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682345/the-effect-of-interpersonal-counseling-for-subthreshold-depression-in-undergraduates-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Ami Yamamoto, Emi Tsujimoto, Reiko Taketani, Noa Tsujii, Osamu Shirakawa, Hisae Ono
Background: Subthreshold depression and poor stress coping strategies are major public health problems among undergraduates. Interpersonal counseling (IPC) is a brief structured psychological intervention originally designed for use in primary care to treat depressive patients whose symptoms arose from current life stress. Objectives: This study examined the efficacy of IPC in treating subthreshold depression and coping strategies among undergraduates in school counseling...
2018: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681998/global-dynamics-of-an-avian-influenza-a-h7n9-epidemic-model-with-latent-period-and-nonlinear-recovery-rate
#6
Rui Mu, Youping Yang
An SEIR type of compartmental model with nonlinear incidence and recovery rates was formulated to study the combined impacts of psychological effect and available resources of public health system especially the number of hospital beds on the transmission and control of A(H7N9) virus. Global stability of the disease-free and endemic equilibria is determined by the basic reproduction number as a threshold parameter and is obtained by constructing Lyapunov function and second additive compound matrix. The results obtained reveal that psychological effect and available resources do not change the stability of the steady states but can indeed diminish the peak and the final sizes of the infected...
2018: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679604/outdoor-play-and-nature-connectedness-as-potential-correlates-of-internalized-mental-health-symptoms-among-canadian-adolescents
#7
Caroline Piccininni, Valerie Michaelson, Ian Janssen, William Pickett
Exposures to outdoor environments have great potential to be protective factors for the mental health of young people. In a national analysis of Canadian adolescents, we explored how such exposures, as well as self-perceptions of connectedness with nature, each related to the prevalence of recurrent psychosomatic symptoms. The data source for this cross-sectional study, consisting of a weighted sample of 29,784 students aged 11-15 years from 377 schools, was the 2013/2014 cycle of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study...
April 18, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678982/purpose-in-life-and-tobacco-use-among-community-dwelling-mothers-of-early-adolescents
#8
Yuko Morimoto, Syudo Yamasaki, Shuntaro Ando, Shinsuke Koike, Shinya Fujikawa, Sho Kanata, Kaori Endo, Miharu Nakanishi, Stephani L Hatch, Marcus Richards, Kiyoto Kasai, Mariko Hiraiwa-Hasegawa, Atsushi Nishida
OBJECTIVES: The rising prevalence of tobacco use and tobacco-attributable deaths among women is of worldwide concern. In particular, smoking prevention for mothers in early midlife is a significant international public health goal. A higher sense of purpose in life (PIL) is thought to reduce detrimental health behaviours. However, little is known about the association between a sense of PIL and tobacco use. This study investigates this association among community-dwelling mothers of early adolescents...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678156/development-and-validation-of-pozqol-a-scale-to-assess-quality-of-life-of-plhiv
#9
Graham Brown, Gosia Mikołajczak, Anthony Lyons, Jennifer Power, Fraser Drummond, Aaron Cogle, Brent Allan, Craig Cooper, Simon O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Advances in medical treatment for HIV are driving major changes in HIV policy and practice, including the encouragement of intake and adherence to HIV antiretroviral treatment (ART) by people living with HIV (PLHIV) for both personal and public health benefits. However, there is increasing recognition that achieving these goals will require a concurrent focus on the broader psychological and social wellbeing of PLHIV. Increasingly calls are being been made to incorporate a stronger focus on quality of life (QoL) of PLHIV into HIV prevention policy...
April 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673272/critical-issues-in-men-s-mental-health
#10
Dan Bilsker, Andrea S Fogarty, Matthew A Wakefield
This narrative review highlights key issues in men's mental health and identifies approaches to research, policy and practice that respond to men's styles of coping. Issues discussed are: 1) the high incidence of male suicide (80% of suicide deaths in Canada, with a peak in the mid-50 s age group) accompanied by low public awareness; 2) the perplexing nature of male depression, manifesting in forms that are poorly recognised by current diagnostic approaches and thus poorly treated; 3) the risky use of alcohol among men, again common and taking a huge toll on mental and physical health; 4) the characteristic ways in which men manage psychological suffering, the coping strengths to be recognised, and the gaps to be addressed; 5) the underutilization of mental health services by men, and the implication for clinical outcomes; and 6) male-specific approaches to service provision designed to improve men's accessing of care, with an emphasis on Canadian programs...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672975/self-recognition-of-mental-health-problems-in-a-rural-australian-sample
#11
Tonelle E Handley, Terry J Lewin, David Perkins, Brian Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Although mental health literacy has increased in recent years, mental illness is often under-recognised. There has been little research conducted on mental illness in rural areas; however, this can be most prominent in rural areas due to factors such as greater stigma and stoicism. The aim of this study is to create a profile of those who are most and least likely to self-identify mental health problems among rural residents with moderate- to-high psychological distress. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a longitudinal postal survey...
April 19, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672475/suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-among-students-in-grades-8-10-and-12-utah-2015
#12
Marissa L Zwald, Francis B Annor, Amanda Wilkinson, Mike Friedrichs, Anna Fondario, Angela C Dunn, Allyn Nakashima, Leah K Gilbert, Asha Ivey-Stephenson
Suicidal thoughts and behaviors among youths are important public health concerns in Utah, where the suicide rate among youths consistently exceeds the national rate and has been increasing for nearly a decade (1). In March 2017, CDC was invited to assist the Utah Department of Health (UDOH) with an investigation to characterize the epidemiology of fatal and nonfatal suicidal behaviors and identify risk and protective factors associated with these behaviors, among youths aged 10-17 years. This report presents findings related to nonfatal suicidal behaviors among Utah youths...
April 20, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672447/effects-of-human-papillomavirus-awareness-and-knowledge-on-psychological-state-of-women-referred-to-cervical-cancer-screening
#13
Ljiljana Markovic-Denic, Olivera Djuric, Natasa Maksimovic, Svetlana Popovac, Vesna Kesic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the impact of human papillomavirus (HPV) awareness and knowledge on physiological state and quality of life of women referred to colposcopy and/or HPV testing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out at University Hospital, Belgrade, Serbia. The women with abnormal Pap test results obtained at the primary care centers requiring colposcopy and/or HPV testing were included. Before gynecological examination, participants filled the questionnaire on demographic characteristics, gynecological history, questionnaire for the evaluation of HPV awareness and HPV knowledge level, a set of self-report questionnaires assessing the anxiety level, quality of life, and concern about the smear and colposcopy results and perceived risk of developing cervical cancer...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664187/exercise-interventions-and-patient-beliefs-for-people-with-hip-knee-or-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-a-mixed-methods-review
#14
REVIEW
Michael Hurley, Kelly Dickson, Rachel Hallett, Robert Grant, Hanan Hauari, Nicola Walsh, Claire Stansfield, Sandy Oliver
BACKGROUND: Chronic peripheral joint pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) is extremely prevalent and a major cause of physical dysfunction and psychosocial distress. Exercise is recommended to reduce joint pain and improve physical function, but the effect of exercise on psychosocial function (health beliefs, depression, anxiety and quality of life) in this population is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To improve our understanding of the complex inter-relationship between pain, psychosocial effects, physical function and exercise...
April 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658286/personal-health-coaching-as-a-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-self-management-strategy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Meysam Pirbaglou, Joel Katz, Mehras Motamed, Sarah Pludwinski, Krista Walker, Paul Ritvo
OBJECTIVE: Personal health coaching (PHC) programs have become increasingly utilized as a type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) self-management intervention strategy. This article evaluates the impact of PHC programs on glycemic management and related psychological outcomes. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, and Web of Science). STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Randomized controlled trials (RCT) published between January 1990 and September 2017 and focused on the effectiveness of PHC interventions in adults with T2DM...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656899/long-term-outcome-of-patients-with-or-without-osseointegrated-implants-after-resection-of-mandibular-ameloblastoma-and-reconstruction-with-vascularized-bone-graft-functional-assessment-and-quality-of-life
#16
Marco Pappalardo, Chung-Kan Tsao, Man Lung Tsang, Jie Zheng, Yang-Ming Chang, Chi-Ying Tsai
BACKGROUND: The optimal management after the resection of mandibular ameloblastoma has been very challenging to surgeons. The aim of this study is to evaluate the functional, aesthetic, and quality of life outcomes of patients who had a segmental mandibular resection and immediate reconstruction with or without osseointegrated implants. METHOD: Patients' demographics, tumor characteristics, treatment, and complications were retrieved. Patients were divided into two groups: dental rehabilitated vs...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652956/-tools-for-physical-activity-assessment-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#17
Rodrigo Torres-Castro, Cristian Céspedes, Jordi Vilaró, Roberto Vera-Uribe, Marcelo Cano-Cappellacci, Diego Vargas
The prevalence and mortality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is increasing in Chile, constituting a public health problem. Pulmonary and systemic consequences of COPD affect physical activity, as the disease progresses. There are multiple means for physical activity assessment, from low cost and easily applicable questionnaires to sophisticated laboratory tests. Physical inactivity is a modifiable risk factor for morbidity and mortality in patients with COPD. Physical activity interventions not only contribute to decrease the likelihood of mortality, but also protect from comorbidities, especially cardiovascular ones...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652948/-psychoactive-substances-use-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-school-age-adolescents
#18
Fabiola Vilugrón Aravena, Carlos Alejandro Hidalgo-Rasmussen, Temístocles Molina G, María Eugenia Gras Pérez, Silvia Font-Mayolas
Background The use of psychoactive substances among adolescents is a major social and public health concern. Aim To analyze association of substance abuse and multiple drug use with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adolescents attending a high school in Valparaiso, Chile. Material and Methods Analytical cross-sectional study conducted in a sample of adolescents attending high school. HRQOL was assessed using KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire and substance use was measured using the Global school-based student health survey...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651261/defining-the-construct-of-synthetic-androgen-intoxication-an-application-of-general-brain-arousal
#19
Tom Hildebrandt, Ashley Heywood, Daniel Wesley, Kurt Schulz
Synthetic androgens (i. e., anabolic-androgenic steroids) are the primary component to the majority of problematic appearance and performance enhancing drug (APED) use. Despite evidence that these substances are associated with increased risk for aggression, violence, body image disturbances, and polypharmacy and can develop a pattern of chronic use consistent with drug dependence, there are no formal definitions of androgen intoxication. Consequently, the purpose of this paper is to establish a testable theory of androgen intoxication...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650504/interactive-two-way-mhealth-interventions-for-improving-medication-adherence-an-evaluation-using-the-behaviour-change-wheel-framework
#20
Nicole Chiang, Michael Guo, K Rivet Amico, Lou Atkins, Richard T Lester
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence is an important but highly complex set of behaviors, which for life-threatening and infectious diseases such as HIV carry critical consequences for individual and public health. There is growing evidence that mobile phone text messaging interventions (mHealth) connecting providers with patients positively impact medication adherence, particularly two-way engagement platforms that require bidirectional communication versus one-way in which responses are not mandatory...
April 12, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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