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Public Health and Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641202/pathological-narcissism-and-maladaptive-self-regulatory-behaviours-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-canadian-men
#1
David Kealy, John S Ogrodniczuk, Simon M Rice, John L Oliffe
Clinical observation has linked externalizing coping strategies such as substance overuse and aggressive behaviours with narcissistic personality dysfunction. This study examined the relationship between pathological narcissism and maladaptive self-regulatory behaviours among Canadian men. An online survey was distributed among a stratified, nationally representative sample of 1000 men from across Canada. The survey included brief self-report measures of pathological narcissism, maladaptive externalizing coping behaviours, and general psychological distress...
June 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637124/recovery-and-creative-practices-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-evaluating-well-being-and-social-inclusion
#2
Javier Saavedra, Elvira Pérez, Paul Crawford, Samuel Arias
PURPOSE: This mixed (quantitative-qualitative) study evaluates the impact of an artistic workshop on a group of people with severe mental illness (SMI). This study focuses on the impact of creative practices on well-being and social inclusion outcomes. METHOD: After participating in a creative workshop, 31 people diagnosed with a SMI completed pre/post-intervention measures, namely, the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale and the Social Inclusion questionnaire...
February 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633372/farmer-suicides-a-qualitative-study-from-australia
#3
M Perceval, K Kõlves, P Reddy, D De Leo
Background: Farmers in Australia, in general, have poorer health outcomes, including higher rates of suicide. Aims: To investigate risk and protective factors and attitudes towards suicide and help-seeking among farmers living and working in New South Wales and Queensland in Australia. Methods: A qualitative study in which three farming sites were selected in each state to represent an area with a suicide rate equal to, below and above the state average...
June 14, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632194/a-mind-body-approach-to-pediatric-pain-management
#4
REVIEW
Melanie L Brown, Enrique Rojas, Suzanne Gouda
Pain is a significant public health problem that affects all populations and has significant financial, physical and psychological impact. Opioid medications, once the mainstay of pain therapy across the spectrum, can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Centers for Disease and Control (CDC) guidelines recommend that non-opioid pain medications are preferred for chronic pain outside of certain indications (cancer, palliative and end of life care). Mindfulness, hypnosis, acupuncture and yoga are four examples of mind-body techniques that are often used in the adult population for pain and symptom management...
June 20, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627051/investigating-the-job-satisfaction-of-healthcare-providers-at%C3%A2-primary-healthcare-centres-in-lebanon-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#5
Mohamad Alameddine, Maysa Baroud, Samer Kharroubi, Randa Hamadeh, Walid Ammar, Hikma Shoaib, Hiba Khodr
Low job satisfaction is linked to higher staff turnover and intensified shortages in healthcare providers (HCP). This study investigates the level of, and factors associated with, HCP job satisfaction in the national primary healthcare (PHC) network in Lebanon. The study adopts a cross-sectional design to survey HCP at 99 PHC centres distributed across the country between October 2013 and May 2014. The study questionnaire consisted of four sections: socio-demographics/professional background, employment characteristics, level of job satisfaction (Measure of Job Satisfaction scale) and level of professional burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory-HSS scale)...
June 18, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624982/towards-ageing-well-use-it-or-lose-it-exercise-epigenetics-and-cognition
#6
Irene Maeve Rea
More and more people are living into the 90s or becoming centenarians. But, the gift of increased 'age span' seldom equates with an improved 'health-span'. Governments across the world are expressing concern about the epidemic of chronic disease, and have responded by initiating policies that make prevention, reduction and treatment of chronic disease, a public health priority. But understanding, how to age long and well, with the avoidance of chronic disease and later life complex disease morbidity is challenging...
June 17, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624761/factors-influencing-psychological-social-and-health-outcomes-after-major-burn-injuries-in-adults-cohort-study-protocol
#7
Martha Druery, Peter A Newcombe, Cate M Cameron, Jeffrey Lipman
INTRODUCTION: The goal of burn care is that 'the quality of the outcome must be worth the pain of survival'. More research is needed to understand how best to deliver care for patients with burns to achieve this aim. Loss of independence, function as well as loss of income for patients with burns and carers cause a significant burden at both individual and societal levels. Much is being done to advance knowledge in the clinical care field; however, there has been a paucity of research exploring psychosocial outcomes...
June 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620565/pattern-and-predictors-of-unmet-supportive-care-needs-in-cancer-patients
#8
REVIEW
Paul T Okediji, Omolola Salako, Olamijulo O Fatiregun
The incidence of cancers is increasing and this is associated with an increase in the burden of the disease. Patients with cancer have to deal with reduced physical functioning, emotional instability, difficulty in concentrating, and an overall diminished feeling of well-being. This creates deficits that have not been well catered for by traditional cancer care, leading to an overall dissatisfaction with care and a reduced quality of life. This review aims at assessing the pattern of unmet needs in cancer patients and to provide information as to the factors that influence the perception of unmet needs...
May 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616882/bullying-among-18-to-23-year-old-women-in-2013
#9
Natalie Townsend, Jennifer Powers, Deborah Loxton
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of bullying among women aged 18-23 in 2013, and to describe the demographic characteristics, health and risk factors of those who experienced bullying. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis using data from the 1989-95 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health, a nationally representative cohort (n=16,801). RESULTS: More than one-quarter of women (28.4%) indicated they had never been bullied, 53...
June 14, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615278/individual-social-and-environmental-determinants-of-sleep-among-women-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Jennette P Moreno, Debbe Thompson, Theresa A Nicklas, Tom Baranowski
INTRODUCTION: Sleep is important to promote optimal health and avoid negative health outcomes. Short-duration and low-quality sleep may be more common and more detrimental among women compared with men. Identifying the determinants of behaviour is one of the first steps in designing effective interventions. To our knowledge, no systematic review has identified the individual, social and environmental determinants of sleep among adult women. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Studies reporting data on adult women from 18 to 64 years of age will be included...
June 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614103/genocide-rape-trauma-management-an-integrated-framework-for-supporting-survivors
#11
Donatilla Mukamana, Petra Brysiewicz, Anthony Collins, William Rosa
During the 1994 Rwandan genocide, rape was widely used as a strategic weapon against Tutsi women. More than 20 years later, many of these women are still suffering devastating psychological, social, and physical effects of these experiences and remain in need of effective interventions that address their complex trauma. This article develops the theory of genocide rape trauma management as a conceptual framework for promoting the holistic health and recovery of female genocide rape survivors. A qualitative study using grounded theory explored the lived experiences of genocide rape survivors and led to the development of this model...
June 13, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610755/epistemological-erasure-the-subject-of-abuse-in-the-problematization-of-elder-abuse
#12
Bridget Garnham, Lia Bryant
The academic field of literature pertaining to elder abuse emerges largely from gerontology with contributions from a variety of disciplines including geriatric medicine, nursing, public health, law, psychology, sociology and social work. This paper presents a critical review of articles drawn from this literature to identify current directions leading the development of empirical research in this field. The objective measurement of prevalence, the identification and correlation of psycho-social risk factors and practice-based research oriented to intervention and prevention are identified as privileged sites for scientific investigation...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609440/protective-mental-health-factors-in-children-of-parents-with-alcohol-and-drug-use-disorders-a-systematic-review
#13
Olga Wlodarczyk, Mirjam Schwarze, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Franka Metzner, Silke Pawils
Children of parents with drug and alcohol use disorders often grow up under severe stress and are at greater risk of developing psychological and social problems. However, a substantial proportion of affected children adapt to their distressing life conditions and show positive development in terms of their mental health. These children are described as resilient. One difference between resilient and maladapted children is the presence of protective factors. The aim of this systematic review is to provide an overview of the current state of the research concerning protective mental health factors in children of parents with alcohol or drug use disorders (COPAD)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609149/react-a-paraprofessional-training-program-for-first-responders-a-pilot-study
#14
Madeline R Marks, Clint Bowers, Natasha S DePesa, Benjamin Trachik, Frances E Deavers, Nicholas T James
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a newly designed peer support training program for first responders titled Recognize, Evaluate, Advocate, Coordinate, and Track (REACT). REACT was developed in partnership with public safety agencies to address the need for promoting psychological health. This resulted in the development of a program that uses train-the-trainer methodology to address primary prevention of stress injuries. REACT was an all-day training that consisted of four modules, each featuring instruction and practice...
2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608402/does-the-severity-of-psychopathology-of-italian-students-receiving-counselling-services-increase-over-time-a-5-year-analysis-and-a-comparison-with-a-clinical-and-non-clinical-sample
#15
Maria Grazia Strepparava, Marco Bani, Federico Zorzi, Umberto Mazza, Francesca Barile, Giorgio Rezzonico
Psychological problems-from the most minor such as exams anxiety to the more severe such as personality disorders-are not rare in young adults. University Counselling Services often present the only opportunity for undergraduates to meet health professionals and to be confronted with their difficulties in a non-clinical setting or-in cases of more severe psychopathology-to be referred to mental health services. Recent research attests to the increasing severity of psychological problems among undergraduate and graduate university students...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607653/the-effect-of-a-self-care-program-based-on-the-teach-back-method-on-the-postpartum-quality-of-life
#16
Fatemeh Ghiasvand, Hedyeh Riazi, Sepideh Hajian, Elahe Kazemi, Armin Firoozi
BACKGROUND: The postpartum period is a critical stage of life with major changes in the quality of life. Therefore, special consideration is needed to this issue. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a self-care program based on the Teach Back method on the postpartum quality of life. METHODS: This experimental study was conducted on eighty postpartum women who had given birth in health centers across Darreh Shahr County, Ilam Province, Iran in 2016...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603704/relationship-between-self-efficacy-and-physical-activity-medication-adherence-in-chronic-disease-patients
#17
Seyde Shahrbanoo Daniali, Firooze Mostafavi Darani, Ahmad Ali Eslami, Mohammad Mazaheri
BACKGROUND: The global epidemic of unhealthy lifestyle causes to increase chronic disease. It has been proven that psychological factors such as self-efficacy are responsible to success in the process of lifestyle change. Low self-efficacy is usually related to low level of physical activity and medication adherence. Objective of the study was to investigate the effects of self-efficacy, other physical symptoms on physical activity and medication adherence in patients with chronic illness in public health centers...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601816/associations-between-self-rated-health-and-health-behaviour-among-older-adults-in-estonia-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#18
Liili Abuladze, Nele Kunder, Katrin Lang, Sirje Vaask
OBJECTIVES: The population of Estonia has one of the lowest life expectancies and health statuses in Europe. This is reflected in a lower perception of health among older adults. This study focuses on the role of health behaviour (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and nutrition) in self-rated health, accounting for sociodemographic characteristics, activity limitations and long-term illnesses as well as satisfaction with life of older Estonian men and women. DESIGN: We use representative cross-sectional data from Wave 4 of the Estonian Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, conducted mainly in 2011...
June 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596618/development-of-a-cross-cultural-hpv-community-engagement-model-within-scotland
#19
Elaine Carnegie, Anne Whittaker, Carol Gray Brunton, Rhona Hogg, Catriona Kennedy, Shona Hilton, Seeromanie Harding, Kevin G Pollock, Janette Pow
OBJECTIVE: To examine cultural barriers and participant solutions regarding acceptance and uptake of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine from the perspective of Black African, White-Caribbean, Arab, Indian, Bangladeshi and Pakistani young people. METHODS: In total, 40 young people from minority ethnic communities in Scotland took part in a qualitative study, involving seven focus groups and four paired interviews, to explore their views and experiences of the HPV vaccine...
June 2017: Health Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594063/on-the-reciprocal-effects-between-multiple-group-identifications-and-mental-health-a-longitudinal-study-of-scottish-adolescents
#20
Kirsty Miller, Juliet R H Wakefield, Fabio Sani
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the link between social group identification and mental health outcomes in a sample of secondary school pupils. Based on previous work, it was predicted that multiple high group identifications would protect against psychological ill health. Furthermore, it was predicted that better mental health would also predict greater number of group identifications, thus creating a 'virtuous circle'. DESIGN: A longitudinal questionnaire design was used...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
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