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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#1
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218067/perceived-age-and-life-style-the-specific-contributions-of-seven-factors-involved-in-health-and-beauty
#2
Victor Gabriel Clatici, Daniel Racoceanu, Claude Dalle, Cristiana Voicu, Lucia Tomas-Aragones, Servando E Marron, Uwe Wollina, Simona Fica
OBJECTIVES: The skin is a dynamic, visible organ, showing the most obvious signs of aging. The mechanisms of extrinsic aging, most of them presented in this paper, are currently well known and also the only ones that can be counteracted. Therefore, the transition of this knowledge in the general population is of the most importance, in order to introduce healthy aging strategies, to prevent the development of chronic or malignant diseases and psychological burden related to old age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A thorough review of the literature has been performed in order to identify the main factors involved in skin health and aging...
September 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214975/home-based-health-promotion-for-older-people-with-mild-frailty-the-homehealth-intervention-development-and-feasibility-rct
#3
Kate Walters, Rachael Frost, Kalpa Kharicha, Christina Avgerinou, Benjamin Gardner, Federico Ricciardi, Rachael Hunter, Ann Liljas, Jill Manthorpe, Vari Drennan, John Wood, Claire Goodman, Ana Jovicic, Steve Iliffe
BACKGROUND: Mild frailty or pre-frailty is common and yet is potentially reversible. Preventing progression to worsening frailty may benefit individuals and lower health/social care costs. However, we know little about effective approaches to preventing frailty progression. OBJECTIVES: (1) To develop an evidence- and theory-based home-based health promotion intervention for older people with mild frailty. (2) To assess feasibility, costs and acceptability of (i) the intervention and (ii) a full-scale clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness randomised controlled trial (RCT)...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213344/psychotherapy-for-major-depressive-disorder-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-health-technology-assessment
#4
(no author information available yet)
Background: Major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder are among the most commonly diagnosed mental illnesses in Canada; both are associated with a high societal and economic burden. Treatment for major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder consists of pharmacological and psychological interventions. Three commonly used psychological interventions are cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), interpersonal therapy, and supportive therapy. The objectives of this report were to assess the effectiveness and safety of these types of therapy for the treatment of adults with major depressive disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder, to assess the cost-effectiveness of structured psychotherapy (CBT or interpersonal therapy), to calculate the budget impact of publicly funding structured psychotherapy, and to gain a greater understanding of the experiences of people with major depressive disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211218/impact-of-myocardial-revascularization-method-on-smoking-cessation-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-versus-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#5
Ricardo das Neves, Greicy Kelly Avila, Fernando de Barros Oliveira, João Augusto Ferraz de Sampaio
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is a serious public health issue, being a precursor of heart disease and a predictor of sudden death due to myocardial ischemia. Major events in the patient's health can lead to radical changes in habits and the choice for different myocardial revascularization methods might differently impact smoking cessation and relapse. OBJECTIVE: To study the rate and perpetuation of smoking cessation after myocardial revascularization comparing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
September 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210981/health-co-benefits-of-green-building-design-strategies-and-community-resilience-to-urban-flooding-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Adele Houghton, Carlos Castillo-Salgado
Climate change is increasingly exacerbating existing population health hazards, as well as resulting in new negative health effects. Flooding is one particularly deadly example of its amplifying and expanding effect on public health. This systematic review considered evidence linking green building strategies in the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design® (LEED) Rating System with the potential to reduce negative health outcomes following exposure to urban flooding events. Queries evaluated links between LEED credit requirements and risk of exposure to urban flooding, environmental determinants of health, co-benefits to public health outcomes, and co-benefits to built environment outcomes...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206852/psychological-pharmacological-and-combined-smoking-cessation-interventions-for-smokers-with-current-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Roberto Secades-Villa, Alba González-Roz, Ángel García-Pérez, Elisardo Becoña
We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis (ID: CRD42016051017) of smoking cessation interventions for patients with current depression. We examined the effectiveness of smoking cessation treatments in improving abstinence rates and depressive symptoms. The following electronic databases were used for potentially eligible studies: PUBMED, PSYCINFO, DIALNET and WEB OF KNOWLEDGE. The search terms used were: smoking cessation, depressive disorder, depression, mood, depressive, depressed, smoking, smokers, nicotine, nicotine dependence, and tobacco cigarette smoking...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203509/protocol-for-a-feasibility-study-and-randomised-pilot-trial-of-a-low-intensity-psychological-intervention-for-depression-in-adults-with-autism-the-autism-depression-trial-adept
#8
Ailsa Russell, Kate Cooper, Stephen Barton, Ian Ensum, Daisy Gaunt, Jeremy Horwood, Barry Ingham, David Kessler, Chris Metcalfe, Jeremy Parr, Dheeraj Rai, Nicola Wiles
INTRODUCTION: High rates of co-occurring depression are reported in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a neurodevelopmental condition characterised by social communication impairments and repetitive behaviours. Cognitive-behavioural interventions adapted for ASD have been effective for anxiety problems. There have been evaluation studies of group cognitive-behavioural therapy for co-occurring depression, but no randomised trials investigating low-intensity psychological interventions as recommended in clinical guidelines for mild-moderate depression...
December 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202331/using-the-icf-in-transition-research-and-practice-lessons-from-a-scoping-review
#9
REVIEW
Tram Nguyen, Debra Stewart, Peter Rosenbaum, Sue Baptiste, Olaf Kraus de Camargo, Jan Willem Gorter
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and subsequent ICF-CY (child and youth version) recognize the importance of personal and environmental factors in facilitating holistic transition planning and service delivery for youth with chronic health conditions (YCHC). AIMS: The objective of this scoping review is to investigate the degree to which the ICF and ICF-CY have been used in transition research and practice since its initial publication...
December 1, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200576/digital-platforms-for-mental-health-care-delivery
#10
Chethan Basavarajappa, Prabhat Kumar Chand
Mental, neurological, and substance abuse disorders cause huge burden. The available resources to tackle the huge burden are insufficient, inequitably distributed, and inefficiently used, which results in a large majority of people with these disorders receiving no care at all. Advances in technology can be used to address the concerns. At present, technology is utilized in online psychological interventions and mobile apps in the United States of America and United Kingdom. In India, technological advances are utilized in telemental health, mobile apps, software aiding psychological assessment and retraining, training for mental health professionals, and information delivery to general public...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199090/voluntary-vaccination-dilemma-with-evolving-psychological-perceptions
#11
Xue Feng, Bin Wu, Long Wang
Voluntary vaccination is a universal control protocol for infectious diseases. Yet there exists a social dilemma between individual benefits and public health: non-vaccinators free ride via the herd immunity from adequate vaccinators who bear vaccination cost. This is due to the interplay between disease prevalence and individual vaccinating behavior. To complicate matters further, individual vaccinating behavior depends on the perceived vaccination cost rather than the actual one. The perception of vaccination cost is an individual trait, which varies from person to person, and evolves in response to the disease prevalence and vaccination coverage...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197035/the-association-between-apartment-layout-and-depressive-symptomology-among-hispanic-latino-residents-in-low-income-housing-the-ahome-study
#12
Earle C Chambers, Sonit Bafna, Herminia Machry
In this study of low-income Hispanic/Latino adults living in 291 individual apartments in the Bronx, New York, the apartment layout was significantly associated with the odds of depressive symptomology. Women living in apartments in which the most central rooms were the living, dining, or kitchen (i.e., rooms commonly used for communal activities) were less likely to have depressive symptomology (OR = 0.44, 95% CI = 0.22-0.86) than women in apartments where the central rooms were lobbies or corridors, adjusting for demographics, health conditions, and housing and neighborhood characteristics...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191049/addiction-to-internet-use-online-gaming-and-online-social-networking-among-young-adults-in-china-singapore-and-the-united-states
#13
Catherine So-Kum Tang, Yee Woen Koh, YiQun Gan
The current study investigated the rates of addictions to Internet use, online gaming, and online social networking as well as their associations with depressive symptoms among young adults in China, Singapore, and the United States. A total of 3267 undergraduate students were recruited. Psychological instruments were used to assess various Internet-related addictions and depressive symptoms. Male students were more addicted to Internet and online gaming whereas female students were more addicted to online social networking...
November 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191045/corrigendum
#14
(no author information available yet)
Marks DF (2017) Special issue on the PACE Trial. Journal of Health Psychology 22(9): 1103-1105. DOI: 10.1177/1359105317722370. In the above referenced editorial, direct quotations from editorial correspondence had been included without permission for publication on page 1104. The online version of this editorial has now been corrected to remove these quotations.
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186782/forging-a-frailty-ready-healthcare-system-to-meet-population-ageing
#15
(no author information available yet)
The beginning of the 21st century has seen health systems worldwide struggling to deliver quality healthcare amidst challenges posed by ageing populations. The increasing prevalence of frailty with older age and accompanying complexities in physical, cognitive, social and psychological dimensions renders the present modus operandi of fragmented, facility-centric, doctor-based, and illness-centered care delivery as clearly unsustainable. In line with the public health framework for action in the World Health Organization's World Health and Ageing Report, meeting these challenges will require a systemic reform of healthcare delivery that is integrated, patient-centric, team-based, and health-centered...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186413/antenatal-paternal-adjustment-and-paternal-attitudes-after-infertility-treatment
#16
T M Pinto, C Samorinha, I Tendais, S Silva, B Figueiredo
STUDY QUESTION: Do mode of conception [ART versus Natural (NC)] and depression have an interactive effect on antenatal paternal adjustment and paternal attitudes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Depression increased the negative effect of ART on antenatal paternal adjustment and paternal attitudes, specifically on antenatal marital relationship satisfaction. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Research on antenatal paternal adjustment and paternal attitudes after ART is scarce and has produced inconsistent results...
November 24, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186169/epidemiology-of-severe-mental-illness-in-hunan-province-in-central-china-during-2014-2015-a-multistage-cross-sectional-study
#17
Dongxin Wang, Jing Ma, Lihong Tan, Yan Chen, Xiaosong Li, Xuefei Tian, Xuhui Zhou, Xuejun Liu
OBJECTIVE: Severe mental illness (SMI) represents major social and public health problem in China, especially in low- or middle-income regions. We aim to assess the prevalence and distribution of SMI in Hunan province in central China. METHODS: Multistage stratified random sampling methods were used to select qualified subjects in 123 districts and counties in Hunan province. 89465 individuals were randomly identified, and 72999 (81.6%) completed the supplemental 12-Item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and Cue questionnaire of psychiatric abnormal behaviors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175881/sing-your-heart-out-community-singing-as-part-of-mental-health-recovery
#18
Tom Shakespeare, Alice Whieldon
This paper reports on a qualitative evaluation of a Norfolk-based network of community singing workshops aimed at people with mental health conditions and the general public. The aims of the study were (a) to evaluate the effectiveness of the Sing Your Heart Out (SYHO) project and (b) to identify the key features which made the project distinctive. The study draws on 20 interviews with participants, two focus groups with organisers and workshop leaders, and participative observation over a 6-month period. Interviewees all reported improvement in or maintenance of their mental health and well-being as a direct result of engagement in the singing workshops...
November 25, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172883/prevalence-correlates-of-chronic-perinatal-pain-a-study-from-india
#19
Geetha Desai, G Sunil Kumar, L Manoj, G R Gokul, K V Beena, K Thennarasu, T S Jaisoorya
OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of chronic perinatal pain among mothers who had infants between the ages of 13-25 months in the State of Kerala, India and to report its correlates in the socio-demographic, obstetric and psychological domains. METHODS: A total of 9305 mothers selected by cluster random sampling were assessed cross-sectionally for chronic perinatal pain using a questionnaire by Junior Public Health Nurses (JPHNs). In addition, information regarding socio-demographic profile, obstetric history, infant details and perinatal depression were collected...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172580/apa-efforts-in-promoting-human-rights-and-social-justice
#20
Frederick T L Leong, Wade E Pickren, Melba J T Vasquez
This article reviews the American Psychological Association's (APA) efforts in promoting human rights and social justice. Beginning with a historical review of the conceptualizations of human rights and social justice, the social challenges that have faced the United States over time are discussed in relation to the APA's evolving mission and strategic initiatives enacted through its boards, committees, and directorates. From early efforts on the Board for Social and Ethical Responsibility in Psychology and the Board of Ethnic Minority Affairs to the establishment of the Public Interest Directorate, the APA's efforts to address these human rights and social justice challenges through its task force reports, guidelines, and policies are described...
November 2017: American Psychologist
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